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(i)

743,000,000 GEL (2017) (307,690,695 USD) (2017)

PERCENT OF GDP N/A

INDUSTRY

DOMESTIC SUPPLIERS Tbilisi
Tbilisi
Aircraft Manufacturing Scientific Technical Center Delta Tbilisi
Tbilisi
Tank Factory

FOREIGN SUPPLIERS United States
United States
European Union
European Union
Ukraine
Ukraine
Israel
Israel
Turkey
Turkey

RELATED ARTICLES

HISTORY Military history of Georgia

RANKS Georgian military ranks

The GEORGIAN ARMED FORCES (Georgian : საქართველოს შეიარაღებული ძალები, translit. : sakartvelos sheiaraghebuli dzalebi) is the name of the unified armed forces of Georgia . The Georgian military is a defence force consisting of the Georgian Land Forces , Georgian Special
Special
Forces and a paramilitary organization, the Georgian National Guard . The national defense policy aims, based on the Constitution of Georgia , are to guarantee the preservation of the independence and sovereignty of the state and the integrity of its land area, territorial waters and airspace and its constitutional order. The armed forces of Georgia are under the authority of the Georgian Ministry of Defense . The Georgian Armed Forces is not to be confused with the American Civil War
American Civil War
army known as the Army of Georgia

The Armed Forces were established in early 1917 from former Russian Imperial Army units on Georgian soil, irregular militias and Georgian personnel returning from World War I
World War I
. Armed Forces consisted of the Regular Army and Peoples Guard in 1918-1921. On March 23, 1994, Georgia was one of the first former Soviet Republics to join the NATO Partnership for Peace
Partnership for Peace
program. Among the partners, Georgia was the first country that was able to submit the special documentation (May 2004) and on October 29, 2004 the North Atlantic Council approved the first Individual Partnership Action Plan (IPAP) for Georgia.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 21st century

* 2.1 Reconstruction

* 3 2014 NATO
NATO
summit in Wales

* 3.1 Alternative to MAP

* 4 Organization

* 4.1 Ground arms

* 4.2 Regular Forces

* 4.2.1 Independent Units

* 4.3 Special
Special
Forces * 4.4 Army Air Section (former Air Force) * 4.5 Georgian Coast Guard (Former Naval Force) * 4.6 National Guard of Georgia * 4.7 Army Reserve and Territorial Defence Forces * 4.8 Commissioned officers

* 5 International cooperation

* 5.1 Peacekeeping
Peacekeeping
missions

* 6 Commanders

* 6.1 Commander in Chiefs of the Democratic Republic of Georgia (1918–1921) * 6.2 Chiefs of General
General
Staff of the Georgian Armed Forces (From 1991) * 6.3 Chiefs of Joint Staff of the Georgian Armed Forces * 6.4 Chiefs of General
General
Staff of the Georgian Armed Forces

* 7 Military
Military
Industry * 8 Bases * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 Further reading * 12 External links

HISTORY

Main articles: Georgian–Armenian War 1918 , Red Army invasion of Georgia , Georgian–Ossetian conflict (1918–1920) , 1991–1992 South Ossetia
South Ossetia
War
War
, War in Abkhazia (1992–1993) , and War
War
in Abkhazia
Abkhazia
(1998)

The Georgia Train and Equip Program (GTEP) training was conducted using U.S. Special Operations Forces and U.S. Marine Corps forces from May 2002 to May 2004. During this time approximately 2,600 Georgian soldiers, including a headquarters staff element and 5 tactical units, received training. Another assistance program, the Georgia Security and Stability Operations Program (Georgia SSOP), was launched in January 2005 as a continuation of the (GTEP) of 2002-2004. Georgian contingents were involved in the Kosovo Force and continue to participate in the operations in Iraq
Iraq
and Afghanistan
Afghanistan
.

The GAF have been extensively reformed in the recent years to meet Georgia’s aspirations to join NATO
NATO
and for better response to the existing challenges such as the ongoing tensions in the unresolved separatist conflict areas in Abkhazia
Abkhazia
and South Ossetia
South Ossetia
as well as to the threats of global terrorism. Georgia also views a large-scale foreign invasion and the spillover of conflicts from Russia’s North Caucasus as the worst potential near- and long-term scenarios, respectively.

On August 8, 2008 the Georgian military conducted an operation in Georgia's breakaway region South Ossetia
South Ossetia
(see 2008 South Ossetia
South Ossetia
War ). The operation led to an armed conflict with forces from the Russian Federation and resulted in the defeat and expulsion of Georgian forces from South Ossetia
South Ossetia
and Abkhazia. Following the military operations, Russia
Russia
recognized independence of the regions, declared a decade ago.

The military budget of Georgia increased more than 50 times over the period from 2002 (US$18 mln.) to 2007 (US$780 mln.), reaching over 7% of Georgia's GDP. The military budget was then doubled to the end of 2008 and currently since February 2009, counts 660 mln lari (US$366 mln.)

21ST CENTURY

Main article: 2008 South Ossetia
South Ossetia
war

In August 2008, following a series of fierce clashes in South Ossetia , Georgia attempted to take the separatist territory by force. In the resulting military conflict with Russia
Russia
, Georgia was driven out of South Ossetia
South Ossetia
and Abkhazia
Abkhazia
, and lost parts of its military capabilities. According to Defence Minister Davit Kezerashvili , Georgia lost $400 million of material worth. Russian forces confiscated a total of 1,728 firearms. Out of its original 200 T-72 tanks, more than 35 were lost, including 24 that were captured intact. A total of 50 pieces of military equipment were captured, and some others destroyed. Parts of Georgia's relatively modern artillery and anti-aircraft units were captured and later destroyed. Russian forces sank four Georgian naval vessels in the port of Poti, a coast guard gunboat in a naval skirmish, and hauled away nine rigid-hull inflatable boats. The Georgian Air Force
Georgian Air Force
lost two L-29 jet trainers, one AN-2 airplane, and four helicopters, all destroyed on the ground. Despite these mostly non combat losses, President
President
Mikheil Saakashvili claimed that Georgia had lost less than 5% of its military hardware, contradicting figures from the Georgian military itself.

RECONSTRUCTION

Georgia immediately began a process of re-armament after the war. The conflict was immediately followed by a very quick replenishment program of the gaps in the single GAF arms components with an additional massive re-equipment and modernization program. Two Georgian naval vessels sunk in Poti were raised and returned to service, although one had to undergo repairs. although their heaviest armaments were 25-30mm cannons. The Georgian Navy's remaining operational naval units were merged into the Georgian Coast Guard, which received training in search and seizure tactics from the United States . Ukraine
Ukraine
delivered munitions and artillery systems to Georgia in September 2008, and later supplied Georgia with 12 T-84
T-84
and 25 T-72 tanks, three BTR-80 armored personnel carriers, sixty portable air defence missiles, munitions for rocket launchers, and anti-tank guided missiles. Ukraine
Ukraine
continued to supply shipments of arms to Georgia, and announced that it would only stop if the United Nations Security Council imposed an arms embargo. Israel
Israel
supplied Georgia with firearms after the war. The United States
United States
also delivered some amounts of arms and light military equipment to Georgia after the war, and trained Georgian personnel. Israel
Israel
sold Georgia numerous Unmanned aerial vehicles , and supplied Georgia with two helicopters. The United States
United States
also trained Georgian soldiers to be deployed in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
. Georgia also rebuilt its damaged military bases. In August 2010, Georgia was reported to be spending 30 times more on its military budget than on economic development. By late 2010 the Georgian military had reached a strength greater than pre-war levels and, after completing the reforms, decisively reduced military spending. Since 2010 Georgia started to produce its own line of armoured fighting vehicles, small arms, artillery systems and unmanned aerial vehicles.

2014 NATO
NATO
SUMMIT IN WALES

U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Victoria Nuland
Victoria Nuland
meeting with Georgian defense ministry leadership, 3 December 2013

The most recent major reforms started in late 2013 and have been expanded by the NATO
NATO
Wales summit resolution of 2014. NATO
NATO
officially announced the complete support of the country's efforts in establishing the efficient military force that is required to defend the country against any regional threats and agreed on delivering high end sophisticated defense capabilities and boosting the overall quality of the GAF. The package also includes a group of NATO
NATO
experts monitoring the process in order to control and ensure its successful implementation for the given time period. Further a large training center for joint military drills will be constructed. NATO
NATO
did not state that it would directly arm the GAF but fully assist in acquiring requested military hardware and that it would lift the general arms embargo on Georgia that was in effect since 2008. After the last major conflict with Russia, Georgia repeatedly was denied the delivery of modern anti-air and anti-tank weapons and other heavy equipment despite heavy shortage on said weapons and numerous demands and harsh criticism from both the former and current ruling parties.

Almost immediately after the summit US defense secretary Chuck Hagel announced during his visit to Georgia that the US will start providing long requested UH-60 Blackhawk helicopters which is an arrangement reportedly outside the NATO
NATO
package. Russia
Russia
reacted very critical to the plan of building an international training center in Georgia claiming it would bring instability to the region. The statement was denied by NATO
NATO
reminding that Georgia is a PFP member and already provides similar capabilities such as an alpine warfare school for NATO
NATO
and partner nations.

ALTERNATIVE TO MAP

Despite knowing that there wouldn't be any newcomers announced during the Wales summit, the Georgian government was confident that their country would at least receive the Membership Action Plan, which is the primary precondition for aspirant nations to become NATO
NATO
member. Instead of the MAP Georgia was offered an alternative route which got accepted by the country's officials yet was met with very mixed reception. The new level of cooperation brings Georgia onto the list of special NATO
NATO
partners together with Sweden and four other countries.

ORGANIZATION

Structure of the Georgian Armed Forces as of 2015 Structure of a GAF brigade in 2007

The overall strength of the GAF in 2013 was 43,475, including 37,825 active duty personnel, 1,940 civilians in educations sphere, 533 in health insurance and 3,177 for supply duties. The Georgian legislation (17 December 2010) had established that the strength of the armed forces should not exceed 37,000 up to the year 2011. Recruitment and size have been increased since 2008. Limitations do not extend to the state of war , military reserve and temporary staff of the Defence Ministry of Georgia. Currently there are 37,000 active personnel. The number is to be maintained in 2017 as well.

* Georgian Land Forces * National Guard of Georgia

The Land Forces form the largest component of the GAF responsible for providing land defence against any threat to the nation’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, supporting Border Police in border protection and civil authorities in counter-terrorist operations as well as providing units for NATO-led and coalition operations abroad. They are organized into infantry brigades, artillery and other supporting capacities operating at a battalion level.

The Special
Special
Force Brigade
Brigade
is responsible for conducting special reconnaissance, unconventional warfare and counter-terrorism operations. The Georgian National Guard organizes and trains reservists in the peacetime and mobilizes them during a crisis or wartime.

In addition there is the Army Logistics Provision Command and the Military
Military
Training and Education Command, which supervises the Sachkhere Mountain Training School .

GROUND ARMS

Main article: Georgian Land Forces

The structure of the Georgian Land Forces is based on brigade and battalion -sized military units. The main force consists of four infantry, two artillery, one air defence brigades and several independent battalions. Georgian brigades have a total manpower of 3,000 each excluding non-combat personnel. The overall strength of the land forces in 2013 was 37,825 (excluding active reserve), from which 21 were high-ranking officers, 6,166 officers and sergeants, 28,477 corporals and privates, 125 cadets and 388 civilians. Accordingly, to NATO
NATO
structures and higher standards reached the brigades were downsized to optimal as well as the 5th brigade disbanded, also to increase the percentage of spending on arms acquirement, which was previously 2%, to 6% of the military budget. The goal is to reach at least 15% until 2020. The ground forces are equipped with a variety of weapons and vehicles. Special
Special
forces operate independently under MOD direction.

The Georgian Land Force consists of following primary combat formations (incomplete):

REGULAR FORCES

Soldiers from the 31st battalion, 2010 Troops of 23rd battalion during ISAF deployment program 2012 Soldiers of the Batumi
Batumi
Separate Infantry Battalion
Battalion
exercise in Hohenfels , Germany, 2013 Joint US-Georgian CQB exercises, 12th battalion 2015

* HQ, LAND FORCES COMMAND (TBILISI )

* Central Command Point

* OPERATIONAL COMMAND EAST

* 1ST INFANTRY BRIGADE (TBILISI )

* 11th Telavi Light Infantry Battalion * 12th Light Infantry Battalion
Battalion
(12th Commando) * 13th "Shavnabada" Light Infantry Battalion
Battalion

* 4TH MECHANISED INFANTRY BRIGADE (VAZIANI )

* 41st Mechanised Infantry Battalion * 42nd Mechanised Infantry Battalion * 43rd Mechanised Infantry Battalion

* 1ST ARTILLERY BRIGADE (VAZIANI )

* OPERATIONAL COMMAND WEST

* 2ND INFANTRY BRIGADE (SENAKI )

* 21st Light Infantry Battalion * 22nd Light Infantry Battalion * 23rd Light Infantry Battalion

* 3RD INFANTRY BRIGADE (THE MAMELUKES) (KUTAISI )

* 31st Light Infantry Battalion * 32nd Light Infantry Battalion * 33rd Light Infantry Battalion

* 2ND ARTILLERY BRIGADE (KHONI ) * Separate Light Infantry Battalion
Battalion
( Batumi
Batumi
)

* AVIATION AND AIR-DEFENSE COMMAND

* AVIATION BRIGADE * AIR-DEFENSE BRIGADE ( Kutaisi
Kutaisi
) * Transport Battalion * Logistic Battalion

Independent Units

* ENGINEER BRIGADE * Reconnaissance Battalion
Battalion
( Kobuleti
Kobuleti
) * Medical Battalion
Battalion
(Saguramo ) * Signal Battalion * Logistic Battalion

In 2011 the Georgian high command decided to divide its military forces into two main operational units; the Eastern-and Western Operational Groups. The aim was to create two independently acting military districts which would consist of forces in accordance to the strategic value of their deployment areas yet being balanced in their type of equipment. In case of war each group will be able to coordinate its operations independently from high command, having its own logistical and administrative reserves.

SPECIAL FORCES

* SPECIAL OPERATIONS BRIGADE

* OPERATIONAL HEADQUARTERS (TBILISI )

* Special
Special
Forces Battalion
Battalion

* Naval Special
Special
Operations Detachment

* Mountain-Reconnaissance Battalion
Battalion
/ Ranger Battalion * Support/Maintenance Battalion * Special
Special
Forces Training Center

Georgian Special
Special
Forces are subordinated under the MOD SPECIAL OPERATIONS MAIN DIVISION to a brigade-level command structure. Each formation is split into several sub-divisions which are allocated on different Georgian regions, cities and strategically important areas. Most units are composed of veterans of past conflicts including the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
, the wars in Georgia and the insurgency in Chechnya . Some soldiers served in former Soviet Army formations in Russia
Russia
and the Ukraine.

Since 2001, Georgia has intensified the training of its elite forces in cooperation with American , French , British , Israeli and other countries' special services. Georgian commandos participated in the Iraq
Iraq
War
War
from 2003 until the complete withdrawal of the Georgian contingent in 2008 due to an escalation of hostilities in South Ossetia . According to independent accounts, a number of Georgian operatives were also deployed prior in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
to aide US Special Forces in hunting down Taliban
Taliban
leaders. Georgian officials have stated that a group of servicemen were deployed in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
for medical purposes.

ARMY AIR SECTION (FORMER AIR FORCE)

Georgian Sukhoi Su-25 ground attack aircraft Main article: Georgian Air Force
Georgian Air Force

The Strategic Defence Review in 2007 described the Air Force consists of aviation and air defence assets and provides security to Georgia’s airspace.

The Georgian Air Force
Georgian Air Force
was merged into the Army in 2010, and was renamed the Army Air Section, undergoing massive reorganization and restructuring. The additional operative section of the Georgian Land Forces currently consists of an unknown amount of planes, transport helicopters, gunships and 3,000 Personnel. The Georgian Air Force
Georgian Air Force
lost two helicopters and a number of transport and trainer aircraft on ground during the 2008 South Ossetia
South Ossetia
War
War
,

Two major airfields are located near Tbilisi
Tbilisi
at Alekseevka and Marneuli .

GEORGIAN COAST GUARD (FORMER NAVAL FORCE)

Main article: Georgian Navy

In 2007 the Strategic Defence Review said the Georgian Navy protects Georgia’s territorial waters and contributes to the collective maritime defence in the Black Sea
Black Sea
region.

The Georgian Navy was abolished in 2009 and was incorporated into the Coast Guard, which is not structurally part of the Georgian Armed Forces, but rather it is a subunit of the Border Guard of Georgia, which is under the control of Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia. The Coast Guard of Georgia is responsible for maintenance of the sovereignty of the country and for protection of internal territorial waters and economic zones. The headquarters and a principal Coast Guard base are located at the Black Sea
Black Sea
port of Poti . Georgian Coast Guard vessels

The other, smaller Coast Guard base is in Batumi
Batumi
. Besides the naval force, the navy also includes a Special
Special
Counter-terrorist Detachment force. Georgia is also one of the founding members and a participant of the Black Sea
Black Sea
Naval Co-operation Task Group . Before the war with Russia, the Georgian navy had 19 naval vessels. 4 of them were sunk during the conflict, and nine rigid-hull inflatables were captured by Russia. The Georgians raised and returned to service two of the sunken vessels, and partially replaced their losses with Turkish-built patrol/fast attack boats. Their heaviest armaments are 25−30mm cannons. However, no Georgian navy vessels are armed with ship-to-ship missiles.

NATIONAL GUARD OF GEORGIA

The National Guard of Georgia was established on December 20, 1990 and was manned mainly by volunteers. It represents the first Georgian armed formation, which became the base of the foundation for modern Georgian Armed Forces. The Guard actively participated in the conflicts that occurred in Georgian territory (Samachablo, Abkhazia).

The National Guard used to consist of 20,554 personnel, but has now been reduced to 550. The main missions of the National Guard are:

* Support civil government in crisis situations (natural, technological, ecological); * Register mobilization resources, study and deliver; * Convene, select and man of citizens on the basis of the agreement, for the units, subunits and bases of the Armed Forces; * Provide ceremonial activity support; * Assisting in training the Reserve Forces.

ARMY RESERVE AND TERRITORIAL DEFENCE FORCES

The Army Reserve is a professional reserve force consisting of former regular army personnel only. Due to the amount of experience, the Reserve personnel would be set-in for replacement of losses in the ranks of regular formations and will if needed also operate in the vanguard of a combined mechanized group or an infantry assault.

The Territorial Defence Forces were established for immediate readiness of the population in crisis events, such as war. Its main goals would be the fortification and defence of all populated and strategically important areas as well as providing quick aid or security for evacuation operations in case of natural catastrophes.

Other than the active army reserve which consists of only ex military personnel, the Territorial Defence Forces are rather sparsely prepared for complex military operations. It instead provides more comfort for the regular forces in case of war. By acting as additional logistical arm and leaving the actual combat to them. With the land forces and reserve army engaged in direct action the Defence Force's most important task would be to construct trenches, bunkers and obstacles around strategically important areas and position themselves on systematically formed defensive lines. The number of conscripts does not exceed 140,000 and is reasonably large, as it is in the strategy's intention to use any possible geographical advantage over the enemy, when professionalism is compensated by that factor.

The TDF reservist is comparably poorly equipped for modern warfare. The number of combat, protection gear and supplies will be most likely limited in the event of war. The Territorial Defence Force consists of ordinary citizens of all occupations who undertake training in the basics of modern warfare. The weapons trained on are mainly of soviet origin and abandoned material used formerly by the regular army, including tanks. Such weapons are the AK series assault rifes and rocket propelled launchers RPG-7 .

COMMISSIONED OFFICERS

Main article: Commissioned Officers
Commissioned Officers

Equivalent NATO
NATO
Code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) & STUDENT OFFICER

Georgia (Edit ) NO EQUIVALENT

NO EQUIVALENT

General (გენერალი) Lieutenant
Lieutenant
General (გენერალ ლეიტენანტი) Major
Major
General (გენერალ მაიორი) Brigadier (ბრიგადის გენერალი) Colonel (პოლკოვნიკი) Lieutenant
Lieutenant
Colonel (ლეიტენანტ პოლკოვნიკი) Major (მაიორი) Captain (კაპიტანი) Senior Lieutenant (უფროსი ლეიტენანტი) Lieutenant (ლეიტენანტი) Junior Lieutenant (უმცროსი ლეიტენანტი)

GEORGIA (Edit ) NO EQUIVALENT

UNKNOWN

General (გენერალი) Lieutenant
Lieutenant
General (გენერალ ლეიტენანტი) Major
Major
General (გენერალ მაიორი) Brigadier (ბრიგადის გენერალი) Colonel (პოლკოვნიკი) Lieutenant
Lieutenant
Colonel (ლეიტენანტ პოლკოვნიკი) Major (მაიორი) Captain (კაპიტანი) Senior Lieutenant (უფროსი ლეიტენანტი) Lieutenant (ლეიტენანტი) Junior Lieutenant (უმცროსი ლეიტენანტი)

Equivalent NATO
NATO
Code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) "> Operations abroad since 1991. Georgian troops listening to a speech in Baghdad, Iraq
Iraq

Georgian Armed Forces have been participating in peacekeeping missions (the Balkans
Balkans
, Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
) since 1999.

Units participating in peacekeeping missions are manned by professional soldiers, the duration of the mission is six months and participation is voluntary. The readiness assessment criteria are, as follows: health condition, physical fitness, professional skills and experience.

PEACEKEEPING MISSIONS

Main articles: Role of Georgia in the War
War
in Afghanistan (2001–present) and Role of Georgia in the Iraq
Iraq
War
War

About 200 Georgian troops were deployed in the Kosovo (KFOR ) in 1999-2008, 70 were deployed in Iraq
Iraq
(OIF ) in 2003 and 50 in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
in 2004 (ISAF ). From 2004 in Iraq
Iraq
were 300 Georgian troops. From 2005 approximately 850 troops were serving under Coalition Command (OIF and UNAMI ). On July 2007 Georgia sent an extra 1,400 troops to Iraq
Iraq
; that brought the total number of troops in Iraq to 2,000. About 300 of these troops were assigned to Taskforce Petro and stationed at COP Cleary outside the town of Wahida near Salman Pak, Iraq. On August 8, 2008 Georgia announced it will withdraw 1,000 troops from Iraq
Iraq
due to rising hostilities with Russia. Their preparedness and training skills are evaluated on highest level by international experts. The entire Iraq
Iraq
contingent has been airlifted back to Georgia.

Hence, owing to participation in international peacekeeping missions the military members are able to obtain practical experience and to show readiness to cooperate with NATO
NATO
and with other partner countries' forces.

Currently there are more than 1,570 Georgian combat troops deployed in Helmand
Helmand
, Afghanistan
Afghanistan
where Georgia has thus far suffered 22 deaths and over a hundred injuries. In September 2012, Georgia stated that it would continue its contributions in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
following the 2014 NATO
NATO
withdrawal. In November 2012, Georgia had doubled the number of troops deployed to fight with Nato-led forces in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
to over 1,500. Georgia has 1,570 troops serving there, making the small Caucasus country of 4.5 million people the largest non-Nato contributor to the Afghanistan
Afghanistan
mission.

Since 2014 Georgia has also contributed 140 troops to the EUFOR RCA peacekeeping mission in the Central African Republic.

COMMANDERS

Ministry of Defence headquarters in Tbilisi
Tbilisi

COMMANDER IN CHIEFS OF THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF GEORGIA (1918–1921)

* Giorgi Kvinitadze , May 26, 1918 – December 13, 1920 * Ilia Odishelidze , December 13, 1920 – February 16, 1921 * Giorgi Kvinitadze , February 16, 1921 – March 17, 1921

CHIEFS OF GENERAL STAFF OF THE GEORGIAN ARMED FORCES (FROM 1991)

* Jemal Kutateladze , August, 1991 – December, 1991 * Avtandil Tskitishvili , January, 1992 – December, 1993 * Guram Nikolaishvili , December, 1993 – June, 1994 * Nodar Tatarashvili , June, 1994 – June, 1996 * Zurab Meparishvili , June, 1996 – May, 1998

Current Chief of General
General
Staff Brig. Gen. Vladimer Chachibaia (right)

* Joni Pirtskhalaishvili , May, 1998 – September, 2003 * Givi Iukuridze , February, 2004 – August 25, 2004 * Vakhtang Kapanadze , August 25, 2004 – February 18, 2005 * Levan Nikoleishvili , February 18, 2005 – November 2, 2006 * Zaza Gogava , November 2, 2006 – November 4, 2008

CHIEFS OF JOINT STAFF OF THE GEORGIAN ARMED FORCES

* Vladimer Chachibaia , November 4, 2008 – March 5, 2009 * Devi Chankotadze , March 5, 2009 – October 8, 2012 * Giorgi Kalandadze , October 8, 2012 – November 11, 2012 * Vakhtang Kapanadze (In office ), November 11, 2012 – December 4, 2012 * Irakli Dzneladze , December 4, 2012 – November 22, 2013

CHIEFS OF GENERAL STAFF OF THE GEORGIAN ARMED FORCES

* Vakhtang Kapanadze , November 22, 2013 – November 22, 2016 * Vladimer Chachibaia , November 22, 2016 –

MILITARY INDUSTRY

Main article: STC DELTA PDSHP anti materiel rifle Satevari MSWP multi-caliber high precision rifle Infantry ballistic plate and helmet

Georgia has a long history of weapon production tracing back to ancient times. More recent developments however have their roots in the Soviet Union. In 1941 Georgia became one of the most important Soviet weapon manufacturing countries during the Second World War
War
. It was responsible for providing the Soviet Army with all types of aircraft and ammunition. Tbilisi
Tbilisi
Aircraft Manufacturing 's role didn't change after the war. Up until 1990 Georgia was constantly producing various types of fighter aircraft, most notably the Su-25 since it was produced almost exclusively in Georgia, unmanned areal vehicles, missiles, satellite components and orbital satellites. The company lost most of its functionality and production capability when the Soviet Union dissolved, yet was not abandoned. In the late 1990s Georgia's JSC RMP and later the newly established Ministry of Defence section DELTA started to work on the development of ballistic equipment using their own ingredients. The advanced research unit had successfully developed a variety of personal protection gear, such as bomb disposal suits and level I-IV body armour using classified mixtures of domestic resource. But these projects never went beyond some prototypes, mainly due to poor attention and financing from the government.

With foreign support primarily from the United States
United States
since 2005, Georgia became able to start building a solid industrial base for the military. From 2001 to 2007, Delta experimented with unmanned aerial vehicles and modified parts for helicopters and Su-25 aircraft until it got involved in the modification of Georgia's T-72 tank fleet. In 2009-10, with enough experience and expertise and the assistance of designer Zviad Tsikolia , Delta created its first prototype of an armored personnel carrier, the Didgori . Early tests were highly successful so that its first production line started already in 2011. Two versions would initially serve in the armed forces in 2012, followed by different modifications from 2013 on . The Lazika is Delta's attempt to manufacture a suitable modular infantry fighting vehicle created for multiple tasks. While still under development, some Lazikas are already in active service. Delta considers the Lazika as one of the best vehicles of its class bearing armour technology similar to that of Israel. The remotely operated systems are locally produced as well. Due to "misdirected financing" and heavy interfering of former government officials, project Lazika was temporarily cancelled in late 2012, also due to "sabotage" and shortcomings in its armour research, but then later continued in early 2013 when a newly elected government took charge. As of 2007 Georgia is domestically producing uniforms for its military personnel. However early products were of cheap quality and such shortcomings were corrected not earlier than 2012. Since then only high quality fabricates are licensed for use. Other main production lines include various types of artillery systems such as MLRS , mortars and corresponding ammunition; anti tank weapons and devices; full uniform sets, ceremonial and for all service branches, those are boots, hats, assault vests, puches and backpacks etc. New kind of ballistic vests and helmets are being developed and produced for military service since 2013. The Georgian production bears techniques based on know-how from aero-space research which methodics differ slightly yet significantly from foreign analogues. Among the first units to use these new items, is the peacekeeping contingent currently stationed in the Central African Republic.

BASES

NAME LOCATION

Ministry of Defence Headquarters Tbilisi
Tbilisi

Vaziani Military
Military
Base near Tbilisi
Tbilisi

Krtsanisi Military
Military
Base near Tbilisi
Tbilisi

Akhalkalaki Military
Military
Base Akhalkalaki

Alekseevka Airbase near Tbilisi
Tbilisi

Marneuli Airbase Marneuli

Bolnisi Airbase near Tbilisi
Tbilisi

Gori Military
Military
Base Gori

Senaki Military
Military
Base Senaki

Poti naval base Poti

Mukhrovani Military
Military
Base Mukhrovani

Kutaisi
Kutaisi
Military
Military
Base Kutaisi
Kutaisi

Khelvachauri Military
Military
Base Khelvachauri

Khoni Military
Military
Base Khoni

Batumi
Batumi
naval base Batumi
Batumi

SEE ALSO

* Georgia and NATO
NATO
* Modern equipment of the Georgian Army

REFERENCES

* ^ http://agenda.ge/news/70537/eng * ^ http://www.mod.gov.ge/p/chief-of-general-staff * ^ A B http://agenda.ge/news/65344/eng * ^ "Official report from Ministry of Defense of Georgia 00" (PDF). Ministry of Defense. 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-17. mod.gov.ge * ^ http://www.civil.ge/eng/article.php?id=29672 * ^ The Strategic Defense Review (2007), p. 77. * ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-09-03. Retrieved 2012-02-02. * ^ http://www.webcitation.org/5jZjEpcOy * ^ "Tutte le dimensioni IMG_0721 Flickr – Condivisione di foto!". Flickr.com. Retrieved 2013-08-17. * ^ Archived May 23, 2012, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ Archived January 20, 2010, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ "U.S. Reviewing Military
Military
Aid to Georgia, Pledges to Prevent Russia
Russia
From Creating \'Divide\' in Europe". Fox News. December 7, 2011. * ^ $400 mln on guns, $12 mln on economy: Saakashvili\'s spending plan RT on YouTube * ^ "Russian peacekeeper". Russian peacekeeper. Retrieved 2013-08-17. * ^ http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_38988.htm * ^ http://dfwatch.net/u-s-to-strengthen-its-military-cooperation-with-georgia-34788 * ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/2014/06/25/us-nato-enlargement-idUSKBN0F00IJ20140625 * ^ http://agenda.ge/news/20406/eng * ^ http://www.cbc.ca/m/touch/world/story/1.2758750 * ^ http://uk.reuters.com/article/2014/10/17/uk-georgia-nato-idUKKCN0I60SB20141017 * ^ http://www.civil.ge/eng/article.php?id=27100 * ^ http://mod.gov.ge/documents/2013%20wlis%20biujeti.pdf * ^ (in Georgian) საქართველოს სამხედრო ძალების რაოდენობის დამტკიცების შესახებ. Parliament of Georgia. December 17, 2010. Accessed April 12, 2011 * ^ A B The Strategic Defense Review (2007), p. 74. * ^ "Structure of Land Forces". Mod.gov.ge. Retrieved 2013-08-17. * ^ "Вооружённые силы Грузии". milkavkaz.net. 2009-10-13. Retrieved 2013-08-17. * ^ "Georgian Ministry of Defence: Land Force". Mod.gov.ge. Retrieved 2013-08-17. * ^ http://www.mod.gov.ge/assets/up-modul/uploads/pdf/General-Staff-Structure-ENG.pdf * ^ See also http://desantura.ru/veteran/521/ * ^ Tenth Georgia Soldier Killed in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
Retrieved: September 1, 2011 * ^ Seth Robson. "U.S. training a dual mission for Georgians". Stripes.com. Retrieved 2011-06-13. * ^ Georgia keeps helping Afghanistan
Afghanistan
- Armyrecognition.com, September 10, 2012 * ^ "Georgia doubles number of troops in Afghanistan". Khaama Press (KP), Afghan Online Newspaper. November 28, 2012.

This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Department of State website http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/index.htm ( Background Notes ). 2005 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2005 edition".

FURTHER READING

* Denise Hammick, Country Briefing: Georgia On the Cusp, Jane\'s Defence Weekly , 2 January 2008

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to MILITARY OF GEORGIA .

* geo-army.ge, an information website * Ministry of Defence of Georgia: The Strategic Defence Review 2007. mod.gov.ge. Accessed on May 7, 2008. * GlobalSecurity.org on Georgia’s military * Ministry of the defence of Georgia: Armed Forces of Georgia. Accessed on March 6, 2009. * Military
Military
Heraldry of Georgian Armed Forces.

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Georgian security forces

National Security Council of Georgia

MILITARY

* Ministry of Defense * Georgian Armed Forces * Georgian Land Forces * Georgian Special
Special
Forces * Georgian Air Force
Georgian Air Force
* Georgian Coast Guard * Georgian National Guard

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