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The George Washington
George Washington
Bridge – known informally as the GW Bridge,[4] the GWB,[5] the GW,[6] or the George[7] – is a double-decked suspension bridge spanning the Hudson River
Hudson River
between the Washington Heights neighborhood of Manhattan
Manhattan
in New York City
New York City
and Fort Lee, New Jersey. As of 2016[update], the George Washington
George Washington
Bridge carried over 103 million vehicles per year,[8] making it the world's busiest motor vehicle bridge.[9][10] It is owned by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, a bi-state government agency that operates several bridges, tunnels and airports, as well as marine seaports, and the PATH rapid transit system. The bridge, an integral conduit within the New York metropolitan area, has an upper level that carries four lanes in each direction and a lower level with three lanes in each direction, for a total of 14 lanes of travel. The speed limit on the bridge is 45 mph (72 km/h), though congestion frequently slows traffic on both weekdays and weekends. The bridge's upper level also carries pedestrian and bicycle traffic. Interstate 95
Interstate 95
(I-95) and U.S. Route 1/9 (US 1/9) cross the river via the bridge. US 46, which lies entirely within New Jersey, terminates halfway across the bridge at the state border with New York. At its eastern terminus in New York City, the bridge connects with the Trans- Manhattan
Manhattan
Expressway (part of I-95, connecting to the Cross Bronx Expressway).

Contents

1 History 2 Road connections

2.1 Alternate routes

3 Tolls 4 Non-motorized access 5 Suicides 6 In popular culture 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

History[edit]

The bridge, look­ing south from the New York side of the Hud­son Riv­er.

USS Nau­ti­lus pas­ses un­der the bridge in 1956, when the bridge had on­ly a sing­le deck.

The bridge sits near the sites of Fort Washington (in New York) and Fort Lee (in New Jersey), which were fortified positions used by General George Washington
George Washington
and his American forces as they attempted to deter the occupation of New York City
New York City
in 1776 during the American Revolutionary War. Unsuccessful, Washington evacuated Manhattan
Manhattan
by crossing between the two forts.[note 1] Construction on the bridge began in October 1927 as a project of the Port of New York Authority.[11] The bridge's chief engineer was Othmar Ammann, with Cass Gilbert
Cass Gilbert
as architect.[12] Geologists made 300-foot (91 m) test bores on the New Jersey side to determine if the geological strata would support the bridge.[13] When construction started, the estimated cost of the bridge was $75,000,000.[14] It was expected to carry 8 million vehicles and 1.5 million pedestrians in its first year of operation.[13] Prior to and while under construction, the bridge was unofficially known as the " Hudson River
Hudson River
Bridge". That name was the popular choice, chosen over a host of other proposed names as well as the Port Authority's preference for the name " George Washington
George Washington
Bridge", based on 1931 ballot voting submitted to the Port Authority by New York and New Jersey residents. However, the Port Authority named the bridge after George Washington
George Washington
that year.[15] The bridge was dedicated on October 24, 1931, and opened to traffic the following day.[16][17] The George Washington
George Washington
Bridge, with a span of 4,760 feet (1,450 m) in total[1] – including a main span of 3,500 feet (1,100 m) – was the longest main bridge span in the world at the time, at nearly double the 1,850 feet (560 m) of the previous record holder, the Ambassador Bridge
Ambassador Bridge
in Detroit. It held this title until the opening of the Golden Gate Bridge in 1937.[2] In 1946, two more lanes were created on the current upper level, widening it from the original six lanes.[11] A second, lower deck, which had been anticipated in Ammann's original plans, was approved by Lt. Col. Joseph R. McCammon, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and opened to the public on August 29, 1962.[18] The lower level, nicknamed "Martha" after George's wife Martha Washington,[19][20] increased the capacity of the bridge by 75 percent, and simultaneously made the George Washington
George Washington
Bridge the world's only 14-lane suspension bridge.[21][22] The original design for the towers of the bridge called for them to be encased in concrete and granite. However, because of cost considerations during the Great Depression
Great Depression
and favorable aesthetic critiques of the bare steel towers, this was never done.[12] The exposed steel towers, with their distinctive criss-crossed bracing, have become one of the bridge's most identifiable characteristics.[2] The George Washington
George Washington
Bridge was designated a National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark by the American Society of Civil Engineers
American Society of Civil Engineers
on October 24, 1981, the 50th anniversary of the bridge's dedication ceremony.[2] Starting on July 4, 2000, and for subsequent special occasions, each tower is illuminated by 380 light fixtures that highlight the exposed steel structure.[23] On each tower there are a mix of 150 and 1000 watt metal halide lamp fixtures.[24] The architectural lighting design was completed by Domingo Gonzalez Associates.[25] As the enclosed lower level is more vulnerable to hazardous material (HAZMAT) incidents than the upper level, most HAZMATs have long been prohibited there.[26] Following the September 11 attacks, the Port Authority also prohibited people from taking photographs on the premises of the bridge out of fear that terrorist groups might study photographs to plot an attack on the bridge, but the photography ban has since been lifted.[citation needed] Since 2006, the bridge has flown the world's largest free-flying American flag, measuring at 90 feet (27 m) long, 60 feet (18 m) wide, and 450 pounds (200 kg). It is hoisted on special occasions when weather allows,[27][28] and appears on Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, Presidents Day, Memorial Day, Flag Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Columbus Day, and Veterans Day, as well as on dates honoring those lost in the September 11 attacks. On events where the flag is flown, the tower lights are lit from dusk until 11:59 p.m.[1] In December 2011, the Port Authority announced plans to repair the bridge. For the first time, the vertical suspender cables would be replaced, at an expected cost of more than $1 billion paid for by toll revenue.[29] On August 5, 2013, repair crews began an $82-million effort to fix cracks in upper-deck structural steel caused by traffic, particularly heavy trucks. The plan called for replacing 632 road deck panels, which would add at least 20 years of service life to the roadway. The work proceeded at night, and was slated to be complete by year's end. But delays prevented completion and ultimately the work was halted for the winter.[30] It was restarted on June 16, 2014, and was expected to last another 12 weeks.[31] From September 9 to 13, 2013, dedicated toll lanes for one of the local Fort Lee entrances to the bridge's upper level were reduced from three to one, the two given to highway traffic, without notification to local government officials and emergency responders on orders from aides and appointees of New Jersey Governor Chris Christie
Chris Christie
causing a political controversy called "Bridgegate".[32] The local toll lane reductions caused massive traffic congestion, with major delays for school transportation and police and emergency service responses within Fort Lee. The repercussions and controversy surrounding these actions have been investigated by the Port Authority, federal prosecutors, and a New Jersey legislature committee. Road connections[edit]

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Un­der the New York side's pil­lar

The George Washington
George Washington
Bridge carries I-95 and US 1/9 between New Jersey and New York. Coming from New Jersey, US 46 terminates at the state border in the middle of the bridge. Further west, I-80, US 9W, New Jersey Route 4, and the New Jersey Turnpike
New Jersey Turnpike
also feed into the bridge via either I-95, U.S. 1/9, or U.S. 46 but end before reaching it. The Palisades Interstate Parkway
Palisades Interstate Parkway
connects directly to the bridge's upper level, though not to the lower level (plans to give direct access to the lower level from the parkway have been postponed). The marginal roads and local streets above the highways are known as GWB Plaza. On the New York side, the 12-lane Trans- Manhattan
Manhattan
Expressway heads east across the narrow neck of upper Manhattan, from the bridge to the Harlem River, providing access from both decks to 178th Street, the Henry Hudson Parkway
Henry Hudson Parkway
and Riverside Drive on the West Side of Manhattan, and to Amsterdam Avenue and the Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive on the East Side. The Expressway connects directly with the Alexander Hamilton Bridge, which spans the Harlem River
Harlem River
as part of the Cross-Bronx Expressway
Cross-Bronx Expressway
(I-95), providing access to the Major Deegan Expressway (I-87). Heading towards New Jersey, local access to the bridge is available from 179th Street. There are also ramps connecting the bridge to the George Washington
George Washington
Bridge Bus Terminal,[33] a commuter bus terminal with direct access to the New York City
New York City
Subway at the 175th Street (A train) station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line. Emergency services are provided by the Port Authority's Tunnel & Bridge Agents, who are stationed at the bridge 24/7 and maintain various apparatus such as fire trucks, rescue trucks, and wreckers specially designed for the GW Bridge for serious incidents, such as fires, vehicle extrications, Haz-Mat
Haz-Mat
incidents, overturned vehicles, and many other emergencies. Emergency Medical Services
Emergency Medical Services
are also provided by the Agents. Alternate routes[edit]

Aer­ial view of the bridge from Man­hat­tan

The George Washington
George Washington
Bridge is notorious for traffic jams during rush hour and holiday weeks, as are the highways connected to it, including the Trans- Manhattan
Manhattan
Expressway that turns into the Cross Bronx Expressway to the east, the Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive that turns into the FDR Drive, the Henry Hudson Parkway
Henry Hudson Parkway
that turns into West Side Highway
West Side Highway
to the south, and the Major Deegan Expressway
Major Deegan Expressway
(I-87) in the Bronx at the other side of the Harlem River
Harlem River
at its interchange with I-95. The western approaches in New Jersey are also slow, specifically I-95, US 1-9, and 46 (merged before the bridge), Route 4, and the Palisades Parkway. Within New York City, the Lincoln Tunnel
Lincoln Tunnel
(NJ 495) and Holland Tunnel (Interstate 78/NJ 139) also enter Manhattan, albeit further south. The Verrazano Bridge (I-278), which connects Staten Island
Staten Island
with Brooklyn and also handles traffic from New Jersey, is an alternate route even further south. Within the New York metropolitan area, the New Tappan Zee Bridge (Interstates 87/287 and New York State Thruway) is an alternate route further north that avoids the city proper. For traffic from further away, such as traffic between New England (and points north/east) and Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
(and points south/west), Interstate 84, which crosses the Hudson on the Newburgh–Beacon Bridge, is often used as an alternative rather than either the GWB or the Tappan Zee Bridge, as it avoids the inner New York metropolitan area and is a less congested route. Tolls[edit]

The un­der­side of the low­er deck of the bridge, look­ing west from Man­hat­tan

Eastbound vehicles must pay a toll to cross the bridge; as with all Hudson River
Hudson River
crossings along the North River, westbound vehicles cross for free.[34] As of December 6, 2015, the cash tolls going from New Jersey to New York are $15 for both cars and motorcycles. E-ZPass users are charged $10.50 for cars and $9.50 for motorcycles during off-peak hours, and $12.50 for cars and $11.50 for motorcycles during peak hours. Trucks are charged cash tolls of $20.00 per axle, with discounted peak, off-peak, and overnight E-ZPass
E-ZPass
tolls. A discounted carpool toll ($6.50) is available at all times for cars with three or more passengers using NY or NJ E-ZPass, who proceed through a staffed toll lane (provided they have registered with the free "Carpool Plan"). There is an off-peak toll of $7.00 for qualified low-emission passenger vehicles, which have received a Green E-ZPass
E-ZPass
based on registering for the Port Authority Green Pass Discount Plan.[35] Tolls for the bridge cost $.50 one way in 1931, but have been raised over the years up to the current $15 cash toll for passenger vehicles, which was enacted on December 6, 2015.[36] In 2006, bridge tolls totaled about $1 million per day; at the time, tolls for cars were $6 cash, $5 E-ZPass
E-ZPass
peak hours, and $4 E-ZPass
E-ZPass
off-peak hours.[37]

The upper-level toll plaza with heavy traffic congestion

The bridge has 29 toll lanes: 12 in the main upper-level toll plaza, 10 in the lower-level toll plaza, and seven in the Palisades Interstate Parkway toll plaza leading to the upper level. The toll plazas on the lower level and Palisades Parkway are not staffed during the overnight hours and accept only E-ZPass
E-ZPass
transactions during this period.[1][38] Pedestrians and cyclists cross for free on the sidewalk. Though there are sidewalks on each side of the bridge, cyclists and pedestrians can use only the south side. The bridge has views of the Hudson River, the Manhattan
Manhattan
skyline, and the New Jersey Palisades. Pedestrians had to pay tolls of 10 cents shortly after the bridge opened, but non-motorized traffic is no longer tolled.[21] In January 2007, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey announced a two-year, $3.2-million deal with GEICO, the auto insurance giant, that would have posted a large billboard atop the toll plaza that said " GEICO
GEICO
Drive Safely," along with GEICO
GEICO
signs on the tollbooths and approach roads.[39] A week later, however, the Port Authority canceled the contract after critics said the signs would mar the landmarked bridge, that the Port Authority had failed to negotiate a good price for the deal, and that the signs might violate Fort Lee's regulations.[40] Non-motorized access[edit]

Southern sidewalk

The George Washington
George Washington
Bridge is popular among sightseers and commuters traveling by foot, bicycle, or roller skates. The southern sidewalk (accessible by a long, steep ramp on the Manhattan
Manhattan
side of the bridge) is shared by cyclists and pedestrians, with a level surface from end to end. The entrance in Manhattan
Manhattan
is at 178th Street, just west of Cabrini Boulevard which also has access to the Hudson River
Hudson River
Greenway north of the bridge. The sidewalk is accessible on the New Jersey side from Hudson Terrace, where a gate open in daytime and evening allows pedestrians and bikes to pass. Also on Hudson Terrace, less than one hundred yards north of the bike/ped entrance, walkers will find the start of the Long Path
Long Path
hiking trail, which leads after a short walk to some extensive views of the bridge and continues north toward Albany. The George Washington
George Washington
Bridge carries New York State Bicycle
Bicycle
Route 9, a bike route that runs from New York City
New York City
north to Rouses Point.[41] The Port Authority closed the northern sidewalk at all times in 2008.[42] Though it offers direct access into Palisades Interstate Park, the northern sidewalk requires stairway climbs and descents on both sides, which was inaccessible for people with physical disabilities and posed a risk in poor weather conditions.[43] Transportation Alternatives, a New York City
New York City
advocacy group, has proposed an enhanced River Road connector in Fort Lee, which would create safer pedestrian and bicycle access to the George Washington Bridge on the New Jersey side of the bridge.[44]

Suicides[edit] The George Washington
George Washington
Bridge is among the most frequently chosen sites in the New York metropolitan area
New York metropolitan area
for committing suicide.[45] In 1994, a caller into The Howard Stern Show
The Howard Stern Show
was on the bridge threatening to commit suicide, but Howard Stern
Howard Stern
managed to talk him out of it.[46] The 2010 suicide of Tyler Clementi, who had jumped from the bridge, drew national attention to cyberbullying and the struggles facing LGBT
LGBT
youth.[47] In 2012, a record 18 people threw themselves off the bridge to their deaths, with 43 suicide attempts overall.[48] In 2014 and 2015, there were also 18 deaths reported. In 2014, there were 74 people were stopped by the Port Authority police, while the next year, another 86 people were stopped by the Port Authority police. In 2016, there were 12 reported deaths, a decrease from previous years, while 70 people were stopped by the Port Authority police.[49] In popular culture[edit] The landmark bridge is seen in a number of movies set in New York, commonly in establishing shots. The bridge is featured, along with the nearby Little Red Lighthouse, in Hildegarde Swift's 1942 children's book The Little Red Lighthouse
Little Red Lighthouse
and the Great Gray Bridge. The bridge is also featured in Francis Ford Coppola's The Godfather, Woody Allen's Broadway Danny Rose, Mike Newell's Donnie Brasco, and Abraham Polonsky's Force of Evil. On Sesame Street, Ernie often sang the words " George Washington
George Washington
Bridge" to the tune of Sobre las Olas
Sobre las Olas
("The Loveliest Night of the Year"). There is also a work for concert band called George Washington
George Washington
Bridge (1950) by William Schuman. Note that work has nothing to do with Sesame Street's Ernie's song or Sobre las Olas. In the 1976 film Network, the character Max Schumacher (William Holden) tells a funny story to his friend Howard Beale (Peter Finch), in which the young Schumacher, who overslept for a news shoot about the new lower deck at the bridge, gets into a cab wearing a raincoat over his pajamas and tells the cabbie to: "Take me to the middle of the George Washington
George Washington
Bridge." The cabbie, concerned that Schumacher intended to jump from the bridge, turns around and begs him: "Don't do it buddy! You're a young man! You got your whole life ahead of you!"[50] In 24: Legacy, a terrorist detonated a truck bomb on the upper level.

From Riv­er­side Drive, at night

See also[edit]

Bridges portal New Jersey portal New York portal New York City
New York City
portal

List of fixed crossings of the Hudson River List of bridges documented by the Historic American Engineering Record in New Jersey List of bridges documented by the Historic American Engineering Record in New York

References[edit] Explanatory notes

^ In 1910, the Washington Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution erected a stone monument to the Battle of Fort Washington. The monument is about 100 yards (91 m) northeast of the Little Red Lighthouse, up the hill towards the eastern bridge anchorage. Renner, James (January 1998). "DAR Monument". Washington Heights & Inwood Online. Archived from the original on September 25, 2010. Retrieved March 13, 2010. 

Notes

^ a b c d e f g "Facts & Info - George Washington
George Washington
Bridge". Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Retrieved February 27, 2010.  ^ a b c d " George Washington
George Washington
Bridge". ASCE Metropolitan Section. Retrieved November 12, 2016.  ^ " New York City
New York City
Bridge Traffic Volumes" (PDF). New York City Department of Transportation. 2016. p. 11. Retrieved March 16, 2018.  ^ Rose, Lacey (March 2, 2006). "Inside the Booth". Forbes. Retrieved January 15, 2008. Like the PATH trains, which also connect New York to New Jersey, the G.W. Bridge is run by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, a public agency that employees 7,000 workers and has annual revenues of $2.9 billion.  ^ Toolen, Tom (September 27, 1995). "Bridges Keep Photographer in Suspense". The Record. Retrieved January 15, 2008. Frieder calls the GWB 'the most beautiful suspension bridge in the world...'  ^ Jones, Charisse (October 20, 2006). "Upkeep Costs Rise as USA's Bridges Age". USA Today. Retrieved January 15, 2008. The George Washington Bridge — locals call it 'the GW' — is one of a collection of dazzling spans that link New York's five boroughs or the city and New Jersey.  ^ Rockland, Michael Aaron (2008). The George Washington
George Washington
Bridge: Poetry in Steel. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. pp. 51, 56, 59. ISBN 978-0-8135-4375-8. Retrieved July 30, 2013.  ^ [1] Note these are vehicles paying toll in one direction, so the traveled number is twice this figure. Accessed April 9, 2017. ^ "Port Authority Bridges and Tunnels". The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Retrieved April 9, 2017.  ^ "The World's Busiest: The George Washington
George Washington
Bridge". American Infrastructure. April 14, 2017. Retrieved April 15, 2017.  ^ a b "History - George Washington
George Washington
Bridge". Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Retrieved March 6, 2010.  ^ a b Richman, Steven M. The Bridges of New Jersey: Portraits of Garden State Crossings, p. 118. Rutgers University Press, 2005. ISBN 9780813535104. "The engineer, Othmar Ammann, and his architect, Cass Gilbert, had originally designed statuesque anchors, which were abandoned for cost reasons." ^ a b Staff (January 1930) "Giant of World's Bridges Rising in New York", Popular Mechanics
Popular Mechanics
p.464 ^ "Speeding the Hudson Bridge". Popular Science. November 1929. p. 49. Retrieved October 19, 2011.  ^ Maeder, Jay (February 17, 2011). "Name That Bridge, 1931 Edition". The New York Times. Retrieved March 18, 2011.  ^ "Two Governors Open Great Hudson Bridge As Throngs Look On". The New York Times. October 25, 1931. Retrieved March 6, 2010.  ^ "56,312 Cars Cross Bridge on First Day". The New York Times. October 26, 1931. Retrieved March 6, 2010.  ^ Ingraham, Joseph C. (August 30, 1962). "Lower Deck of George Washington Bridge
Washington Bridge
Is Opened". The New York Times. Retrieved March 6, 2010.  ^ Rockland, Michael Aaron (2008). The George Washington
George Washington
Bridge: Poetry in Steel. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. pp. 81–82. ISBN 978-0-8135-4375-8. Retrieved July 30, 2013.  ^ Cameron, Jim (January 24, 2014) "A history of the George Washington Bridge" Greenwich Post. Accessed June 18, 2016. "The original designers had planned for the future, and in 1961 the lower level, six-lane 'Martha Washington' bridge opened to traffic, increasing total capacity by 75%." ^ a b " George Washington
George Washington
Bridge 80th Anniversary". Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Retrieved October 30, 2013.  ^ Scott, Marvin. "Happy birthday George Washington
George Washington
Bridge! See rare 1981 interview with the man who crossed it ON HORSE on the first day", WPIX, October 25, 2013. Accessed June 18, 2016. "And with a total of 14 lanes, it’s the only one of its kind." ^ " George Washington
George Washington
Bridge Interesting Facts" (PDF). Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Retrieved February 20, 2017.  ^ Schneider, Daniel (September 24, 2000). "F.Y.I." The New York Times. Retrieved February 20, 2017.  ^ Yee, Roger (2007). Lighting Spaces. Visual Profile. p. 64. ISBN 9781584711162.  ^ "Transportation Regulations at Tunnel and Bridge Facilities" (PDF). Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Retrieved February 27, 2010.  ^ " George Washington
George Washington
Bridge Interesting Facts" (PDF). Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 14, 2006. Retrieved May 28, 2007.  ^ "World's Largest Free-Flying American Flag to Fly at George Washington Bridge
Washington Bridge
in Honor of 9/11 Victims" (Press release). Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. September 8, 2006. Retrieved February 27, 2010.  ^ Haughney, Christine (December 8, 2011). "Now 80, George Washington Bridge Will Undergo Repairs". The New York Times. Retrieved December 9, 2011.  ^ The Associated Press (August 2, 2013). "New York City's George Washington Bridge
Washington Bridge
to undergo major construction project starting Monday". syracuse.com. Retrieved June 30, 2014.  ^ "Overnight repair work on GWB begins; 3 upper-level lanes close down". 7online.com. June 16, 2014. Retrieved July 7, 2014.  ^ Baxter, Christopher. "UPDATED: Timeline of Port Authority's George Washington Bridge
Washington Bridge
controversy". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved March 31, 2014.  ^ Google
Google
(July 30, 2013). "GW Bridge ramps to GW Bridge Bus Terminal" (Map). Google
Google
Maps. Google. Retrieved July 30, 2013.  ^ "The Port Authority of NY & NJ - 2012 to 2015 Toll Rate Table (for Bridges & Tunnels)" (PDF). Port Authority of New York & New Jersey. Retrieved November 29, 2013.  ^ "New Toll Fare Rates for the Bridges & Tunnels Effective December 6, 2015 at 3:00 AM". Port Authority of New York & New Jersey. Retrieved November 23, 2015.  ^ Strunsky, Steve. "How the George Washington
George Washington
Bridge toll has risen through the years", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, December 5, 2014. Accessed June 19, 2016. ^ "George Washington". New York Architecture. Retrieved October 10, 2013.  ^ "Tolls - Bridges & Tunnels". Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Retrieved February 27, 2010.  ^ Belson, Ken (January 4, 2007). "With Ad Deal, Insurer Wades Into Bridge Traffic". The New York Times. Retrieved February 27, 2010.  ^ Belson, Ken (January 9, 2007). "Agency Cancels Insurer's Ads for George Washington
George Washington
Bridge". The New York Times. Retrieved February 27, 2010.  ^ "State Bicycle
Bicycle
Route 9 Maps - Southern Section". New York State Department of Transportation. Retrieved February 2, 2011.  ^ " Pedestrian
Pedestrian
& Bicycle
Bicycle
Information - George Washington
George Washington
Bridge". Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Retrieved February 27, 2010.  ^ Yellin, Deena. "A controversial planned GWB pedestrian lane attracts critics", The Record (Bergen County), October 12, 2014. Accessed June 19, 2016. " It includes replacing stairways on the bridge's north side with access ramps and removing a tight hairpin turn on the south side walkway to make it safer and accessible to wheelchairs." ^ "Support Grows in NJ for GW Bridge to "River Road" Connector Path". Transportation Alternatives
Transportation Alternatives
Magazine. Transportation Alternatives: 15. Summer 2003. Retrieved February 27, 2010.  ^ Zabriskie, Phil. "The Mysteries of the Suicide
Suicide
Tourist". New York Magazine. New York Media LLC. Retrieved April 13, 2012.  ^ Shock Jock Howard Stern
Howard Stern
Stops Caller's Suicide
Suicide
Leap : Media: Man phoned in threat from edge of bridge. Radio personality says he decided to 'keep this man laughing' until authorities could arrive. Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
(December 8, 1994). Retrieved on July 23, 2013. ^ Parker, Ian (February 6, 2012). "The Story of a Suicide". The New Yorker. Retrieved February 5, 2012.  ^ Messing, Philip (January 14, 2013). "Sad GWB suicide record". New York Post. Retrieved January 14, 2013.  ^ "12 people jumped to deaths from George Washington
George Washington
Bridge in 2016".  ^ "Network (1976) Quotes". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved June 25, 2014. 

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Conference Chairman, 1787 Constitutional Convention

Presidency

United States presidential election, 1788–89 1792 First inauguration

inaugural bible

Second inauguration Title of "Mr. President" Cabinet of the United States

Secretary of State Attorney General Secretary of the Treasury Secretary of War

Judiciary Act of 1789 Nonintercourse Act Whiskey Rebellion

Militia Acts of 1792

Coinage Act of 1792

United States Mint

Proclamation of Neutrality

Neutrality Act of 1794

Jay Treaty Pinckney's Treaty Slave Trade Act of 1794 Residence Act Thanksgiving Proclamation Farewell Address State of the Union Address 1790 1791 1792 1793 1796 Cabinet Federal judicial appointments

Views and public image

Presidential library The Washington Papers Religious views Washington and slavery Town Destroyer Legacy

Life and homes

Early life Birthplace Ferry Farm
Ferry Farm
boyhood home Mount Vernon

Gristmill Woodlawn Plantation

Samuel Osgood House, First Presidential Mansion Alexander Macomb House, Second Presidential Mansion President's House, Philadelphia Germantown White House Custis estate Potomac Company James River and Kanawha Canal Mountain Road Lottery Congressional Gold Medal Thanks of Congress President-General of the Society of the Cincinnati Washington College Washington and Lee University Electoral history of George Washington

Memorials and depictions

Washington, D.C. Washington state Washington Monument Mount Rushmore Washington's Birthday Purple Heart The Apotheosis of Washington George Washington
George Washington
(Houdon) George Washington
George Washington
(Ceracchi) George Washington
George Washington
(Trumbull) Washington Crossing the Delaware General George Washington
George Washington
at Trenton Washington at Verplanck's Point General George Washington
George Washington
Resigning His Commission Unfinished portrait Lansdowne portrait The Washington Family
The Washington Family
portrait Washington at Princeton
Washington at Princeton
painting Point of View sculpture George Washington
George Washington
University Washington University Washington Masonic National Memorial George Washington
George Washington
Memorial Parkway George Washington
George Washington
Bridge Washington and Jefferson National Forests Washington Monument, Baltimore Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
statue List of memorials U.S. Postage stamps

Washington-Franklin Issues 1932 bicentennial

Currency

Washington quarter Washington dollar Silver bullion coins

Cultural depictions George Washington
George Washington
(1984 miniseries 1986 sequel)

Related

Bibliography Founding Fathers of the United States Republicanism Federalist Party

Federalist Era

Virginia dynasty Coat of arms Cherry-tree anecdote River Farm Washington's Crossing 1751 Barbados trip Category Syng inkstand General of the Armies American Philosophical Society American Revolution

patriots

Mount Vernon
Mount Vernon
Ladies' Association

Ancestry and family

Martha Washington
Martha Washington
(wife) John Parke Custis
John Parke Custis
(stepson) George Washington
George Washington
Parke Custis (step-grandson, adopted son) Eleanor Parke Custis (step-granddaughter, adopted daughter) Augustine Washington
Augustine Washington
(father) Mary Ball (mother) Lawrence Washington (half-brother) Augustine Washington
Augustine Washington
Jr. (half-brother) Betty Washington Lewis (sister) Samuel Washington
Samuel Washington
(brother) John A. Washington (brother) Charles Washington (brother) Lawrence Washington (grandfather) John Washington
John Washington
(great-grandfather) Bushrod Washington
Bushrod Washington
(nephew)

John Adams
John Adams

Category

v t e

Fort Lee, New Jersey

Municipal

Fort Lee Police Department Fort Lee School District

Fort Lee High School

Mayor

Landmarks

Fort Lee Historic Park Fort Lee Museum George Washington
George Washington
Bridge George Washington
George Washington
Bridge Plaza Koreatown Madonna Church Tallest buildings

History

America's first motion picture industry Battle of Fort Lee Fort Lee lane closure scandal Palisades Amusement Park

This list is incomplete.

v t e

Hudson River
Hudson River
watershed

Tributaries

Batten Kill Black Meadow Creek Bowery Creek Breakneck Brook Canajoharie Creek Caroga Creek Casperkill Catskill Creek Cayadutta Creek Cedar River Claverack Creek Clove Brook Cobleskill Creek Coeymans Creek Coxsackie Creek Cross River Croton River East Branch Croton River East Branch Sacandaga River East Canada Creek Eightmile Creek Esopus Creek Fall Kill Fishkill Creek Fonteyn Kill Fulmer Creek Hannacrois Creek Honnedaga Brook Hoosic River Jackson Creek Jan De Bakkers Kill Kaaterskill Creek Kayaderosseras Kinderhook Creek Kisco River Lake Creek Little Shawangunk Kill Maritje Kill Miami River Mill Creek Mohawk River Moodna Creek Moordener Kill Moyer Creek Muddy Kill Neepaulakating Creek Normans Kill Nowadaga Creek Onesquethaw Creek Oriskany Creek Otsquago Creek Otter Kill Papakating Creek Peekskill Hollow Creek Pocantico River Pochuck Creek Poesten Kill Potic Creek Quassaick Creek Roeliff Jansen Kill Rondout Creek Sacandaga River Sauquoit Creek Saw Kill Saw Mill River Sawyer Kill Schoharie Creek Schroon River Shawangunk Kill Sparkill Creek Sprout Creek Steele Creek Stockport Creek Stony Clove Creek Taghkanic Creek Tenmile Creek Tin Brook Titicus River Verkeerder Kill Vloman Kill Wallkill River Walloomsac River Wappinger Creek Wawayanda Creek West Branch Papakating Creek West Branch Sacandaga River West Canada Creek West Kill Wynants Kill

Lakes

Alcove Reservoir Ashokan Reservoir Basic Creek Reservoir Beacon Reservoir Bog Brook Reservoir Cedar Lake Chadwick Lake Chub Lake Cross River Reservoir Croton Falls Reservoir Dyken Pond East Branch Reservoir East Caroga Lake Fall Lake Franklinton Vlaie Garnet Lake Glenmere Lake Great Sacandaga Lake Great Vlaie Henderson Lake Honnedaga Lake Indian Lake Lizard Pond Lake Maratanza Muscoot Reservoir Lake Neepaulin New Croton Reservoir Notch Lake Piseco Lake Lake Pleasant Queechy Lake Rondout Reservoir Sacandaga Lake Saratoga Lake Sturgeon Pool Surprise Lake Sylvan Lake Lake Tear of the Clouds Thompson Pond Titicus Reservoir Trout Lake West Caroga Lake Whaley Lake Winnisook Lake

Towns

Albany Alpine Amsterdam Bayonne Beacon Bedford Beekman Bennington Bethlehem Blooming Grove Carmel Catskill Cliffside Park Clifton Park Cohoes Colonie Cortlandt East Fishkill East Greenbush Edgewater Englewood Cliffs Fishkill Fort Lee Glenville Gloversville Greenburgh Guilderland Halfmoon Herkimer Hoboken Hyde Park Jersey City Kingston Kirkland LaGrange Lloyd Malta Middletown Milton Monroe Montgomery Moreau Mount Pleasant New Castle New Hartford New Paltz New Windsor New York City Newburgh Niskayuna North Adams North Bergen Ossining Peekskill Plattekill Poughkeepsie Queensbury Rome Rotterdam Saugerties Schenectady Shawangunk Somers Southeast Sparta Tenafly Troy Utica Vernon Wallkill Wappinger Warwick Weehawken West New York Whitestown Wilton Yonkers Yorktown

Landmarks

Adirondack Mountains Adirondack Park Ashokan Bridge Blenheim Bridge Buskirk Bridge Catskill Mountains Champlain Canal Cohoes Falls Copeland Bridge Delaware and Hudson Canal Eagleville Bridge East River Erie Canal George Washington
George Washington
Bridge Harlem River Helderberg Escarpment Hudson Highlands State Park Kaaterskill Clove Kaaterskill Falls Kill Van Kull Kingston–Rhinecliff Bridge Mid-Hudson Bridge Newburgh–Beacon Bridge New Tappan Zee Bridge The Palisades Perrine's Bridge Plotter Kill Preserve Pollepel Island Popolopen Rexleigh Bridge Rip Van Winkle Bridge Salisbury Center Bridge Schoharie Bridge Shushan Bridge Sleepy Hollow Statue of Liberty Taconic Mountains Tappan Zee Bridge Verkeerder Kill
Verkeerder Kill
Falls Verrazano-Narrows Bridge Walkway over the Hudson Wallkill River
Wallkill River
National Wildlife Refuge West Canada Lake Wilderness Area West Point

World's longest suspension bridge span

Preceded by Ambassador Bridge George Washington
George Washington
Bridge 1931–1937 Superseded by Golden

.