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George Lloyd Murphy (July 4, 1902 – May 3, 1992) was an American dancer, actor, and politician. Murphy was a song-and-dance leading man in many big-budget Hollywood musicals from 1930 to 1952. He was the president of the Screen Actors Guild
Screen Actors Guild
from 1944 to 1946, and was awarded an honorary Academy Award
Academy Award
in 1951. Murphy served from 1965 to 1971 as U.S. Senator
U.S. Senator
from California, the first notable U.S. actor to make the successful transition to elected official in California, predating Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
and Arnold Schwarzenegger.[1] He is the only United States
United States
Senator represented by a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Film career 3 Political career 4 Death 5 Legacy 6 Personal life 7 Radio 8 Films 9 References 10 External links

Early life[edit] He was born in New Haven, Connecticut, of Irish Catholic extraction, the son of Michael Charles "Mike" Murphy, athletic trainer and coach, and the former Nora Long. He was educated at Trinity-Pawling School, Peddie School
Peddie School
and Yale University
Yale University
in his native New Haven.[2] He worked as a tool maker for the Ford Motor Company, as a miner, a real estate agent, and a night club dancer. Film career[edit] In movies, Murphy was famous as a song-and-dance man and appeared in many big-budget musicals such as Broadway Melody of 1938, Broadway Melody of 1940 and For Me and My Gal. He made his movie debut shortly after talking pictures had replaced silent movies in 1930, and his career continued until he retired as an actor in 1952, at the age of 50. In 1951, he was awarded an honorary Academy Award. He was never nominated for an Oscar in any competitive category. He was the president of the Screen Actors Guild
Screen Actors Guild
from 1944 to 1946. He was also a vice president of Desilu Studios
Desilu Studios
and of the Technicolor Corporation. He was director of entertainment for presidential inaugurations in 1953, 1957 and 1961. Political career[edit] Murphy entered politics in 1953 by joining the leadership of the California
California
Republican Party, having also directed the entertainment for the Eisenhower-Nixon inauguration that same year In 1964, he was elected as a Republican to the Senate, having defeated Pierre Salinger, the former presidential press secretary in the Kennedy White House, who had been appointed several months earlier to serve the remainder of the late Clair Engle's unexpired term. Murphy served from January 1, 1965 to January 3, 1971. Murphy assumed his seat two days early, when Salinger resigned from the seat to allow Murphy to gain an edge in seniority. Murphy was then appointed by Democratic Governor Pat Brown
Pat Brown
to serve the remaining two days of Salinger's term. His election attracted the attention of satirist Tom Lehrer, who wrote and performed a song about him.[3] Murphy was in demand for a time to assist other Republican candidates seeking office. In 1966, he hosted a fundraising dinner in Atlanta, Georgia for US Representative Howard "Bo" Callaway, the first Republican candidate for Governor of Georgia
Governor of Georgia
since Reconstruction. In the election, Callaway outpolled Democrat Lester Maddox, but did not get a majority, and the state legislature elected Maddox.[4] In 1967 and 1968, Murphy was the chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee. During his Senate term, Murphy developed throat cancer, and part of his larynx had to be removed. For the rest of his life, he was unable to speak above a whisper. In 1970, Murphy ran for re-election; he was challenged by Democratic US Representative John V. Tunney, the son of famed heavyweight boxing champion Gene Tunney. Murphy's surgery and staunch support for the lingering Vietnam War
Vietnam War
worked against him, as did reports that he had continued to receive a salary from Technicolor
Technicolor
after taking office.[5] Tunney's successful Senate race in 1970 was reportedly the inspiration for the 1972 Robert Redford
Robert Redford
film The Candidate.[6] Death[edit] Murphy subsequently moved to Palm Beach, Florida, where he died at the age of 89, from leukemia. Legacy[edit] Murphy's move from the screen to California
California
politics paved the way for the successful transitions of actors such as Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
and later Arnold Schwarzenegger. Reagan once famously referred to George Murphy as his own "John the Baptist". Fellow Republicans praised Murphy's ability to speak at fundraising dinners and so consequently backed his bid to become the chairman of the Senate Republican Campaign Committee.[7] During his tenure in the Senate, Murphy created the candy desk by placing a supply of confectionery on his desk on the US Senate floor. After 1971, the candy-desk duties were bequeathed to a string of successors; since 2015, the keeper of the candy desk has been Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Republican Pat Toomey. Personal life[edit] Murphy was married to his ballroom dancing partner, Juliette "Julie" Henkel-Johnson, from December 18, 1926 until her death, in 1973. They had two children: Dennis Michael Murphy and Melissa Elaine Murphy. He was married to Bette Blandi from 1982 until his death in 1992.[8] His widow died in 1999. Radio[edit]

Suspense (episode "Death on Highway 99" 1945)[9] Lux Radio Theatre
Lux Radio Theatre
(episode Royal Wedding
Royal Wedding
1952)[10]

Films[edit]

in the film London by Night (1937)

Deep in My Heart (1954) (scenes deleted) Walk East on Beacon
Walk East on Beacon
(1952) Talk About a Stranger
Talk About a Stranger
(1952) It's a Big Country
It's a Big Country
(1951) Border Incident (1949) Battleground (1949) Tenth Avenue Angel (1948) Big City (1948) The Arnelo Affair (1947) Cynthia (1947) as Larry Bishop Up Goes Maisie
Up Goes Maisie
(1946) Having Wonderful Crime (1945) Show Business (1944) Step Lively (1944) Broadway Rhythm
Broadway Rhythm
(1944) The Powers Girl
The Powers Girl
(1943) Bataan (1943) This Is the Army
This Is the Army
(1943) For Me and My Gal (1942) The Navy Comes Through
The Navy Comes Through
(1942) The Mayor of 44th Street (1942) A Girl, a Guy, and a Gob
A Girl, a Guy, and a Gob
(1941) Tom, Dick and Harry (1941) Ringside Maisie
Ringside Maisie
(1941) Rise and Shine (1941) Broadway Melody of 1940
Broadway Melody of 1940
(1940) Little Nellie Kelly
Little Nellie Kelly
(1940) Public Deb No. 1
Public Deb No. 1
(1940) Two Girls on Broadway
Two Girls on Broadway
(1940) Risky Business (1939) Letter of Introduction (1938) Little Miss Broadway
Little Miss Broadway
(1938) Hold That Co-ed (1938) Broadway Melody of 1938
Broadway Melody of 1938
(1937) Top of the Town (1937) The Women Men Marry
The Women Men Marry
(1937) London by Night (1937) You're a Sweetheart (1937) Woman Trap (1936) The Public Menace (1935) After the Dance (1935) Kid Millions
Kid Millions
(1934) Jealousy (1934)

References[edit]

Biography portal Connecticut
Connecticut
portal California
California
portal Florida
Florida
portal

^ In 1944 Democrat Jimmie Davis
Jimmie Davis
(1899–2000)—popularizer of "You Are My Sunshine"—was elected to his first term as Governor of Louisiana. In 1948 Grand Ole Opry
Grand Ole Opry
star Roy Acuff
Roy Acuff
won the Republican nomination for Governor of Tennessee
Governor of Tennessee
but was defeated in the general election. ^ George Lloyd Murphy, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed February 27, 2011. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F1CUkifBr_Y ^ Billy Hathorn, "The Frustration of Opportunity: Georgia Republicans and the Election of 1966", Atlanta History: A Journal of Georgia and the South, XXXI (Winter 1987-1988), pp. 42, 47 ^ New York Times, "George Murphy, Singer and Actor Who Became Senator, Dies at 89." ^ Christensen, Terry, and Hass, Peter. Projecting Politics: Political Messages in American Films, p. 146 ^ Weaver, Warren (8 December 1966). "Murphy Is Urged to Challenge Liberals for G.O.P. Senate Job; He Is Backed to Oppose Scott as Campaign Unit Leader Dirksen May Decide". New York Times. Retrieved 8 October 2014.  ^ Zan Thompson (12 June 1986). "The Personal Side of George Murphy
George Murphy
at Age 83". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 11 December 2012.  ^ http://www.escape-suspense.com/2012/03/suspense-death-on-highway-99.html ^ Kirby, Walter (April 13, 1952). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 48. Retrieved May 11, 2015 – via Newspapers.com. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to George Murphy.

George Murphy
George Murphy
on IMDb George Murphy
George Murphy
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Biographical Directory of the United States
United States
Congress Images of George Murphy's 1974 passport from www.passportland.com George Lloyd Murphy at Find a Grave

Party political offices

Preceded by Goodwin Knight Republican nominee for U.S. Senator
U.S. Senator
from California (Class 1) 1964, 1970 Succeeded by S. I. Hayakawa

Preceded by Thruston Ballard Morton Chair of the National Republican Senatorial Committee 1967–1969 Succeeded by John Tower

Preceded by Everett Dirksen Gerald Ford Response to the State of the Union address 1968 Served alongside: Howard Baker, George H. W. Bush, Peter Dominick, Gerald Ford, Robert Griffin, Thomas Kuchel, Mel Laird, Bob Mathias, Dick Poff, Chuck Percy, Al Quie, Charlotte Reid, Hugh Scott, Bill Steiger, John Tower Vacant Title next held by Donald Fraser, Scoop Jackson, Mike Mansfield, John McCormack, Patsy Mink, Ed Muskie, Bill Proxmire

U.S. Senate

Preceded by Pierre Salinger U.S. Senator
U.S. Senator
(Class 1) from California 1965–1971 Served alongside: Thomas Kuchel, Alan Cranston Succeeded by John V. Tunney

v t e

United States
United States
Senators from California

Class 1

Frémont Weller Broderick Haun Latham Conness Casserly Hager Booth Miller Hearst Williams Hearst Felton White Bard Flint Works Johnson Knowland Engle Salinger Murphy Tunney Hayakawa Wilson Seymour Feinstein

Class 3

Gwin McDougall Cole Sargent Farley Stanford Perkins Phelan Shortridge McAdoo Storke Downey Nixon Kuchel Cranston Boxer Harris

v t e

Chairmen of the National Republican Senatorial Committee

Bridges Brewster Dirksen Goldwater Dirksen Schoeppel Goldwater Morton Murphy Tower Dominick Brock Stevens Packwood Heinz Packwood Lugar Heinz Boschwitz Nickles Gramm D'Amato McConnell Frist Allen Dole Ensign Cornyn Moran Wicker Gardner

v t e

Presidents of the Screen Actors Guild

Ralph Morgan
Ralph Morgan
(1933) Eddie Cantor
Eddie Cantor
(1933) Robert Montgomery (1935) Ralph Morgan
Ralph Morgan
(1938) Edward Arnold (1940) James Cagney
James Cagney
(1942) George Murphy
George Murphy
(1944) Robert Montgomery (1946) Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
(1947) Walter Pidgeon
Walter Pidgeon
(1952) Leon Ames
Leon Ames
(1957) Howard Keel
Howard Keel
(1958) Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
(1959) George Chandler
George Chandler
(1960) Dana Andrews
Dana Andrews
(1963) Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
(1965) John Gavin
John Gavin
(1971) Dennis Weaver
Dennis Weaver
(1973) Kathleen Nolan
Kathleen Nolan
(1975) William Schallert
William Schallert
(1979) Edward Asner (1981) Patty Duke
Patty Duke
(1985) Barry Gordon (1988) Richard Masur
Richard Masur
(1995) William Daniels
William Daniels
(1999) Melissa Gilbert
Melissa Gilbert
(2001) Alan Rosenberg
Alan Rosenberg
(2005) Ken Howard
Ken Howard
(2009) Gabrielle Carteris (2016)

v t e

Academy Honorary Award

1928–1950

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1928) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1932) Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
(1934) D. W. Griffith
D. W. Griffith
(1935) The March of Time
The March of Time
/ W. Howard Greene and Harold Rosson (1936) Edgar Bergen
Edgar Bergen
/ W. Howard Greene / Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art
Film Library / Mack Sennett
Mack Sennett
(1937) J. Arthur Ball / Walt Disney
Walt Disney
/ Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
and Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
/ Gordon Jennings, Jan Domela, Devereaux Jennings, Irmin Roberts, Art Smith, Farciot Edouart, Loyal Griggs, Loren L. Ryder, Harry D. Mills, Louis Mesenkop, Walter Oberst / Oliver T. Marsh and Allen Davey / Harry Warner
Harry Warner
(1938) Douglas Fairbanks
Douglas Fairbanks
/ Judy Garland
Judy Garland
/ William Cameron Menzies / Motion Picture Relief Fund (Jean Hersholt, Ralph Morgan, Ralph Block, Conrad Nagel)/ Technicolor
Technicolor
Company (1939) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Nathan Levinson (1940) Walt Disney, William Garity, John N. A. Hawkins, and the RCA Manufacturing Company / Leopold Stokowski
Leopold Stokowski
and his associates / Rey Scott / British Ministry of Information (1941) Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer
/ Noël Coward
Noël Coward
/ Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
(1942) George Pal
George Pal
(1943) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Margaret O'Brien
Margaret O'Brien
(1944) Republic Studio, Daniel J. Bloomberg, and the Republic Studio Sound Department / Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ The House I Live In / Peggy Ann Garner (1945) Harold Russell
Harold Russell
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ Ernst Lubitsch
Ernst Lubitsch
/ Claude Jarman Jr. (1946) James Baskett
James Baskett
/ Thomas Armat, William Nicholas Selig, Albert E. Smith, and George Kirke Spoor
George Kirke Spoor
/ Bill and Coo / Shoeshine (1947) Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ Monsieur Vincent
Monsieur Vincent
/ Sid Grauman
Sid Grauman
/ Adolph Zukor
Adolph Zukor
(1948) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
/ Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
/ Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
/ The Bicycle Thief (1949) Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
/ George Murphy
George Murphy
/ The Walls of Malapaga (1950)

1951–1975

Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
/ Rashomon
Rashomon
(1951) Merian C. Cooper
Merian C. Cooper
/ Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Harold Lloyd
Harold Lloyd
/ George Mitchell / Joseph M. Schenck / Forbidden Games
Forbidden Games
(1952) 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation / Bell & Howell Company / Joseph Breen / Pete Smith (1953) Bausch & Lomb Optical Company / Danny Kaye
Danny Kaye
/ Kemp Niver / Greta Garbo / Jon Whiteley
Jon Whiteley
/ Vincent Winter / Gate of Hell (1954) Samurai I: Musashi Miyamoto (1955) Eddie Cantor
Eddie Cantor
(1956) Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
/ Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson / Charles Brackett / B. B. Kahane (1957) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1958) Buster Keaton
Buster Keaton
/ Lee de Forest
Lee de Forest
(1959) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
/ Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
/ Hayley Mills
Hayley Mills
(1960) William L. Hendricks / Fred L. Metzler / Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1961) William J. Tuttle
William J. Tuttle
(1964) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1965) Yakima Canutt
Yakima Canutt
/ Y. Frank Freeman
Y. Frank Freeman
(1966) Arthur Freed (1967) John Chambers / Onna White (1968) Cary Grant
Cary Grant
(1969) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
/ Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1970) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1971) Charles S. Boren / Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
(1972) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
/ Groucho Marx
Groucho Marx
(1973) Howard Hawks
Howard Hawks
/ Jean Renoir
Jean Renoir
(1974) Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford
(1975)

1976–2000

Margaret Booth (1977) Walter Lantz
Walter Lantz
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ King Vidor
King Vidor
/ Museum of Modern Art Department of Film (1978) Hal Elias / Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1981) Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
(1982) Hal Roach
Hal Roach
(1983) James Stewart
James Stewart
/ National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Arts
(1984) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
/ Alex North (1985) Ralph Bellamy
Ralph Bellamy
(1986) Eastman Kodak
Kodak
Company / National Film Board of Canada
National Film Board of Canada
(1988) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1989) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
/ Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
(1990) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1991) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1992) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1993) Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1994) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
/ Chuck Jones
Chuck Jones
(1995) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1996) Stanley Donen
Stanley Donen
(1997) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1998) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1999) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
/ Ernest Lehman (2000)

2001–present

Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
/ Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2001) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(2002) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
(2003) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(2004) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2005) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2006) Robert F. Boyle (2007) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
/ Roger Corman
Roger Corman
/ Gordon Willis
Gordon Willis
(2009) Kevin Brownlow / Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
/ Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
(2010) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
/ Dick Smith (2011) D. A. Pennebaker
D. A. Pennebaker
/ Hal Needham
Hal Needham
/ George Stevens Jr.
George Stevens Jr.
(2012) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
/ Steve Martin
Steve Martin
/ Piero Tosi (2013) Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
/ Hayao Miyazaki
Hayao Miyazaki
/ Maureen O'Hara
Maureen O'Hara
(2014) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
/ Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(2015) Jackie Chan
Jackie Chan
/ Lynn Stalmaster / Anne V. Coates / Frederick Wiseman (2016) Charles Burnett / Owen Roizman / Donald Sutherland
Donald Sutherland
/ Agnès Varda (2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 35789650 LCCN: n82013432 ISNI: 0000 0000 8372 4303 SUDOC: 152005765 BNF: cb14209711t (data) US Congress: M001092 SN

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