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Sir George Gilbert Scott RA (13 July 1811 – 27 March 1878), styled Sir Gilbert Scott, was a prolific English Gothic revival
Gothic revival
architect, chiefly associated with the design, building and renovation of churches and cathedrals, although he started his career as a leading designer of workhouses. Over 800 buildings were designed or altered by him.[1] Scott was the architect of many iconic buildings, including the Midland Grand Hotel
Midland Grand Hotel
at St Pancras Station, the Albert Memorial, and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, all in London, St Mary's Cathedral, Glasgow, the main building of the University of Glasgow, St Mary's Cathedral in Edinburgh and King's College London
King's College London
Chapel.

Contents

1 Life and career

1.1 Early work 1.2 Gothic Revival

2 Honours 3 Family 4 Pupils 5 Books 6 Architectural work

6.1 Public buildings 6.2 Domestic buildings 6.3 Church buildings 6.4 Restorations

6.4.1 Churches 6.4.2 Cathedrals 6.4.3 Abbeys, priories and collegiate churches 6.4.4 Other restoration work

7 Gallery of architectural work 8 See also 9 References 10 Sources 11 External links

Life and career[edit] Born in Gawcott, Buckingham, Buckinghamshire, Scott was the son of a cleric and grandson of the biblical commentator Thomas Scott. He studied architecture as a pupil of James Edmeston and, from 1832 to 1834, worked as an assistant to Henry Roberts. He also worked as an assistant for his friend, Sampson Kempthorne, who specialised in the design of workhouses,[2] a field in which Scott was to begin his independent career.[3] Early work[edit]

Parish Church of St John in Wall, Staffordshire

Scott's first work was built in 1833. It was a vicarage for his father, a clergyman, in the village of Wappenham, Northamptonshire. It replaced the previous vicarage occupied by other relatives of Scott. Scott went on to design several other buildings in the village.[citation needed] In about 1835, Scott took on William Bonython Moffatt as his assistant and later (1838–1845) as his partner. Over ten years or so, Scott and Moffatt designed more than forty workhouses,[citation needed] during the boom in building such institutions brought about by the Poor Law of 1834.[3] In 1837 they built the Parish Church of St John in Wall, Staffordshire. At Reading, they built the prison (1841–42) in a picturesque, castellated style.[4] Scott's first church, St Nicholas', was built at Lincoln, after winning a competition in 1838.[3] With Moffat he built the Neo-Norman church of St Peter at Norbiton, Surrey (1841).[5] Gothic Revival[edit]

Nikolaikirche, Hamburg, Germany
Germany
(1845–80), bombed during World War II and now a ruin

Meanwhile, he was inspired by Augustus Pugin
Augustus Pugin
to participate in the Gothic revival.[3] While still in partnership with Moffat.[6] he designed the Martyrs' Memorial
Martyrs' Memorial
on St Giles', Oxford
St Giles', Oxford
(1841),[7] and St Giles' Church, Camberwell
Camberwell
(1844), both of which helped establish his reputation within the movement. Commemorating three Protestants burnt during the reign of Queen Mary, the Martyrs' Memorial
Martyrs' Memorial
was intended as a rebuke to those very high church tendencies which had been instrumental in promoting the new authentic approach to Gothic architecture.[8] St Giles', was in plan, with its long chancel, of the type advocated by the Ecclesiological Society: Charles Locke Eastlake
Charles Locke Eastlake
said that "in the neighbourhood of London no church of its time was considered in purer style or more orthodox in its arrangement".[9] It did, however, like many churches of the time, incorporate wooden galleries, not used in medieval churches[10] and highly disapproved of by the high church ecclesiological movement. In 1844 he received the commission to rebuild the Nikolaikirche in Hamburg (completed 1863), following an international competition.[11] Scott's design had originally been placed third in the competition, the winner being one in a Florentine inspired style by Gottfried Semper, but the decision was overturned by a faction who favoured a Gothic design.[12] Scott's entry had been the only design in the Gothic style.[3] In 1854 he remodelled the Camden Chapel in Camberwell, a project in which the critic John Ruskin
John Ruskin
took a close interest and made many suggestions. He added an apse, in a Byzantine style, integrating it to the existing plain structure by substituting a waggon roof for the existing flat ceiling.[13] Scott was appointed architect to Westminster Abbey
Westminster Abbey
in 1849. In 1853 he built a Gothic terraced block adjoining the abbey in Broad Sanctuary. In 1858 he designed Christchurch Cathedral, Christchurch, New Zealand which now lies partly ruined following the earthquake in 2011 and subsequent attempts to demolish the cathedral by the Anglican Church authorities. Demolition was blocked after appeals by the population of Christchurch but the future of this historic building is still in dispute [14][11] The choir stalls at Lancing College
Lancing College
in Sussex, which Scott designed with Walter Tower, were among many examples of his work that incorporated green men.[15] Later, Scott went beyond copying mediaeval English gothic for his Victorian Gothic or Gothic Revival buildings, and began to introduce features from other styles and European countries as evidenced in his Midland red-brick construction, the Midland Grand Hotel
Midland Grand Hotel
at London's St Pancras Station, from which approach Scott believed a new style might emerge.[citation needed] Between 1864 and 1876, the Albert Memorial, designed by Scott, was constructed in Hyde Park. It was a commission on behalf of Queen Victoria in memory of her husband, Prince Albert. Scott advocated the use of Gothic architecture for secular buildings, rejecting what he called "the absurd supposition that Gothic architecture is exclusively and intrinsically ecclesiastical."[10] He was the winner of a competition to design new buildings in Whitehall to house the Foreign Office and War Office. Before work began, however, the administration which had approved his plans went out of office. Palmerston, the new Prime Minister, objected to Scott's use of the Gothic, and the architect, after some resistance drew up new plans in a more acceptable style.[16] Honours[edit] Scott was awarded the RIBA's Royal Gold Medal
Royal Gold Medal
in 1859. He was appointed an Honorary Liveryman of the Turners' Company and in 1872, he was knighted. He died in 1878 and is buried in Westminster
Westminster
Abbey. A London County Council
London County Council
blue plaque marks Scott's residence at the Admiral's House on Admiral's Walk in Hampstead.[17][18] Family[edit] Scott married Caroline Oldrid of Boston in 1838. Two of his sons George Gilbert Scott, Jr.
George Gilbert Scott, Jr.
and John Oldrid Scott, and his grandson Giles Gilbert Scott, were also prominent architects.[19] His third son, photographer, Albert Henry Scott (1844–65) died at the age of twenty-one. George Gilbert designed his funerary monument in St Peter's Church, Petersham.[20] His fifth and youngest son was the botanist Dukinfield Henry Scott.[21] He was also great-uncle of the architect Elisabeth Scott.[22] Pupils[edit] Scott's success attracted a large number of pupils, many would go on to have successful careers of their own, not always as architects. In the following list, the year next to the pupil's name denotes their time in Scott's office, some of the more famous were: Hubert Austin (1868), Joseph Maltby Bignell
Joseph Maltby Bignell
(1859–78), George Frederick Bodley (1845–56), Charles Buckeridge
Charles Buckeridge
(1856–57), Somers Clarke
Somers Clarke
(1865), William Henry Crossland
William Henry Crossland
(dates uncertain), C. Hodgson Fowler (1856–60), Thomas Gardner (1856–61), Thomas Graham Jackson (1858–61), John T. Micklethwaite (1862–69), Benjamin Mountfort (1841–46), John Norton (1870–78), George Gilbert Scott, Jr. (1856–63), John Oldrid Scott (1858–78), J. J. Stevenson (1858–60), George Henry Stokes (1843–47), George Edmund Street (1844–49), William White (1845–47). Books[edit]

Remarks on secular & domestic architecture, present & future. London: John Murray. 1857.  A Plea for the Faithful Restoration of our Ancient Churches. Oxford: James Parker. 1859.  Gleanings from Westminster Abbey
Westminster Abbey
/ by George Gilbert Scott, with Appendices Supplying Further Particulars, and Completing the History of the Abbey Buildings, by W. Burges (2nd enlarged ed.). Oxford: John Henry and James Parker. 1863 [1861].  Personal and Professional Recollections. London: Sampson Low
Sampson Low
& Co. 1879.  Lectures on the Rise and Development of Medieval Architecture. I. London: John Murray. 1879.  Lectures on the Rise and Development of Medieval Architecture. II. London: John Murray. 1879.  online texts for vols. I & II

Additionally he wrote over forty pamphlets and reports. As well as publishing articles, letters, lectures and reports in The Builder, The Ecclesiologist, The Building News, The British Architect, The Civil Engineer's and Architect's Journal, The Illustrated London News, The Times and Transactions of the Royal Institute of British Architects. Architectural work[edit]

Although he is best known for his Gothic revival
Gothic revival
churches, Scott felt that the Midland Grand Hotel
Midland Grand Hotel
at St Pancras station was his most successful project.

His projects include: Public buildings[edit]

Workhouse
Workhouse
in Winslow, Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
(1835) Workhouses (1836) in: Amesbury, Wiltshire; Buckingham, Buckinghamshire; Kettering, Northamptonshire; Northampton, Northamptonshire; Oundle, Northamptonshire; Tiverton, Devon; Totnes, Devon; Towcester, Northamptonshire Workhouse
Workhouse
in Guildford, Surrey (1836–38) Workhouses (1837) in: Bideford, Devon; Boston, Lincolnshire; Clutton, Somerset; Flax Bourton, Somerset; Gloucester, Gloucestershire; Liskeard, Cornwall; Newton Abbot, Devon; Hundleby, Lincolnshire; Tavistock, Devon The workhouse in Loughborough, Leicestershire (1837–38) Workhouses (1838) in: Amersham, Buckinghamshire;[23] Belper, Derbyshire; Great Dunmow, Essex; Lichfield, Staffordshire; Mere, Wiltshire; Penzance, Cornwall; Redruth, Cornwall Workhouse
Workhouse
(1838) ; Williton, Somerset[24] and 'sister design' Witham, Essex Workhouses (1839) in: Billericay, Essex; Bedworth, Warwickshire; Edmonton, London; Louth, Lincolnshire; Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire; Old Windsor, Berkshire; St Austell, Cornwall; Uttoxeter, Staffordshire Buckingham
Buckingham
Gaol extension and alterations (1839) in: Buckingham, Buckinghamshire The workhouse in Lutterworth, Leicestershire (1839–40) School and Master's House, Hartshill, Stoke on Trent
Stoke on Trent
(1840) Infant Orphan Asylum, Wanstead, Essex (1841–43) Martyrs' Memorial, Oxford
Oxford
(1841–43) Reading Gaol, Berkshire (1842–44) Lunatic Asylum, Shelton, Shropshire
Shelton, Shropshire
(1843) The workhouse, Macclesfield, Cheshire (1843) Lunatic Asylum, Clifton, York
Clifton, York
(1845) Lunatic Asylum, Wells, Somerset
Wells, Somerset
(1845) Astbury School and Masters House Congleton (1848) Christ Church School, Alsager, Cheshire (1848)[25] Brighton
Brighton
College, Sussex (1848–1866) Sandbach
Sandbach
School, Sandbach, Cheshire (1849) School, Trefnant, Denbighshire (c. 1855) School, Tysoe, Warwickshire (1856)

Sandbach
Sandbach
Literary Institution (1857) Grade II Listed Building

Literary Institution, Sandbach
Sandbach
(1857)[26] Crimea War Memorial, Westminster
Westminster
School, Broad Sanctuary, Westminster (1858) School, Ashley, Northamptonshire
Ashley, Northamptonshire
(1858) The Vaughan Library, Harrow School, Middlesex (1861–63) Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Whitehall, London (1861–1868) Preston Town Hall, Lancashire (1862–67), destroyed by fire in 1947

The University of Glasgow's main building (1870)

Old Schools, Cambridge
Cambridge
(1864–67) Leeds General Infirmary
Leeds General Infirmary
(1864–67) the Albert Memorial, London (1864–72); in the podium frieze, one of the images of architects, sculpted by John Birnie Philip
John Birnie Philip
shows Scott himself. Midland Grand Hotel, St Pancras Station, London (1865) McManus Galleries
McManus Galleries
– formerly the Albert Institute, Dundee (1865–69) The School, Great Dunmow, Essex (1866)

Panoramic view of Brill's swimming bath, Brighton. Lithograph by J. Drayton Wyatt

Brill Swimming Baths, Brighton
Brighton
(1866–69) demolished 1929 Clifton Hampden
Clifton Hampden
Bridge, Oxfordshire (1867) Hall Cross School's library in Doncaster
Doncaster
(1868) Market Cross, Helmsley, Yorkshire (1869) School Nocton, Lincolnshire (1869) Extension Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford
Oxford
(1869–71) Cemetery Chapel, Ramsgate, Kent
Kent
(1869–1872)[27] Lincoln's Inn, London, Library extension (1870–72), New Chambers Block A (1873) and New Chambers Block B (1876–78) the main building of the new campus of the University of Glasgow (1870), often called the " Gilbert Scott Building" Savernake Hospital, Wiltshire (1871–72) Gatehouse to Ramsgate
Ramsgate
Cemetery, Kent
Kent
(1872)[28] The University Senate Hall, Bombay University (1869–74) The University Library and Rajabai Clock Tower, Bombay University (1869–78) The Clarkson Memorial
Clarkson Memorial
in Wisbech. Scott first put forward designs in 1875, but work did not start until 1880. The eventual design was a slightly altered version of Scott's original design.

Domestic buildings[edit]

Vicarage, Wappenham, Northamptonshire (1833) 16 High Street, Chesham, Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
(1835) Vicarage, Dinton, Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
(1836) Rectory, Weston Turville, Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
(1838) Parsonage, Blakesley, Northamptonshire (1839) Parsonage, Hartshill, Stoke on Trent
Stoke on Trent
(1840) Seaman's Houses, Whitby, Yorkshire (1842) Rectory, Teffont Evias, Wiltshire (1842) Workers Houses, Hartshill, Stoke on Trent
Stoke on Trent
(1842–48) Parsonage, Clifton Hampden, Oxfordshire (1843–46) Parsonage, Barnet, Hertford
Hertford
(1845) Parsonage, St. Mark's, Swindon
Swindon
(c. 1846) Parsonage, Wembley, Middlesex (1846) Parsonage, Weeton, North Yorkshire
Weeton, North Yorkshire
(c. 1852) Houses Broad Sanctuary, Westminster
Westminster
(1852–54) Parsonage, Trefnant, Denbighshire (c. 1855) Parsonage, St. Mary's, Stoke Newington, London (c. 1855) All Souls' Vicarage, Halifax, Yorkshire (c. 1856) Cottages, Ilam, Staffordshire
Ilam, Staffordshire
(c. 1857) Almshouses, Hartshill, Stoke on Trent
Stoke on Trent
(1857) Lanhydrock House, near Bodmin, Cornwall (1857) an Elizabethan mansion rebuilt after a fire, formal gardens assisted by Richard Coad Parsonage, Kilkhampton, Cornwall (c. 1858) Walton Hall, Warwickshire
Walton Hall, Warwickshire
(1858) Treverbyn Vean, St Neot, Cornwall
St Neot, Cornwall
(1858–62) Parsonage, Ashley, Northamptonshire
Ashley, Northamptonshire
(1858) Parsonage, Bridge, Kent
Kent
(c. 1859) Vicarage, Ranmore Common, Surrey (c. 1859) Kelham
Kelham
Hall, Nottinghamshire (1859–62) Workers' housing at Akroydon, Halifax (1859) Almshouses, Sandbach
Sandbach
(1860)[29] Lee Priory, Littlebourne, Kent, alterations and additions (1860–63) demolished Rectory, Higham, Forest Heath, Suffolk (c. 1861) Kingston Grange, Kingston St Mary, Somerset for Mr Perkins (c. 1861) Parsonage, St. Andrew's, Leicester
Leicester
(c. 1861) Hartland Abbey (c.1851) supervised by Richard Coad, built by Pulsman of Barnstaple Hafodunos, Llangernyw, North Wales (1861–1866) Vicarage, Jarrom Street, Leicester
Leicester
(1862)[30] Nos 1,3 & 3a Dean's Yard, Westminster
Westminster
(1862) Parsonage, Leith, Midlothian (1862) Brownsover Hall, Warwickshire, date uncertain (c. 1860) Two lodge houses at Great Barr Hall, near Birmingham
Birmingham
(pre-1863) The Master's House, St John's College, Cambridge
Cambridge
(1863) Parsonage, Christ Church, Ottershaw, Surrey (c. 1864) Parsonage, St. Luke's, Weaste, Lancashire (c. 1865) Schools Master's House, Ashley, Northamptonshire
Ashley, Northamptonshire
(1865) Almshouses, Winchcombe, Gloucestershire (1865) Rectory, Tydd St Giles, Cambridgeshire (1868) Vicarage, Higham Green, Suffolk Parsonage, Mirfield, Yorkshire (1869) Polwhele House, Truro, Cornwall, additions (c. 1870) Vicarage, Hillesden, Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
(1871) St Mary's Homes, Godstone
Godstone
(1872) Scott's Building, King's College, Cambridge
Cambridge
(1873) Parsonage, St. Michael's, New Southgate, Middlesex (c. 1874) Parsonage, St. Saviour's, Leicester
Leicester
(1875) Parsonage, Fulney, Lincolnshire (1877–80) New Court, Pembroke College, Cambridge
Cambridge
(1881) Wanstead
Wanstead
Infant Orphanage Asylum, London Borough of Redbridge
London Borough of Redbridge
(1841)

Church buildings[edit]

University of Cambridge, St John's College Chapel, by George Gilbert Scott, 1866–1869

St Mark's Church, Ladywood (1840–41) (demolished 1947) St Giles' Church, Camberwell, London (1841–44) Christ Church, Bridlington (1840–41) St Mary's Church, Hanwell, Middlesex (1841)[31] Holy Trinity, Hulme (1841) St Mary's Church, Mirfield
Mirfield
(1841) Holy Trinity Church, Hartshill, Stoke on Trent
Stoke on Trent
(1842) St John the Baptist's Church, St John's, Woking, Surrey (1842) St. John the Baptist Church, Beeston, Nottinghamshire (1842) St Peter's Church, Norbiton, Surrey (1842) St. John the Baptist's Church, Leenside, Nottingham (1843–44) Holy Trinity Church, Halstead, Essex (1843–44) St John the Evangelist, West Meon, Hampshire (1843–46), squared knapped flint work St Mark's Church, Worsley, Greater Manchester (1844–46) St Matthias, Malvern Link, Worcestershire (1844–46) [32] St Mark's Church, Swindon, (1845) St Nikolai, Hamburg (1845–80), the tallest building in the world from 1874 to 1876. The Cathedral of St John the Baptist in St John's, Newfoundland (1847, construction overseen by apprentice William Hay) St. Mary the Virgin, Aylesbury
St. Mary the Virgin, Aylesbury
(1848) St Gregory's Church, Canterbury
Canterbury
(1848) St Paul's Church, Canterbury
Canterbury
(1848) St Cwyfan, Tudweiliog, Gwynedd (1849) St Peter's Church, South Croydon
South Croydon
(1851) Emmanuel Church, Forest Gate, London (1852) St John's Church, Eastnor, Herefordshire
Eastnor, Herefordshire
Church (1852) and Monument (1855)[33] All Saints Church, Watford, Hertfordshire (1853) St Paul's Episcopal Cathedral, Dundee
Dundee
(1853)(Cathedral since 1905) All Saints Church, Sherbourne, Warwick (1854)[34] Christ Church, Lee Park, Kent
Kent
(1854) (bombed 1941, demolished 1944) St John the Evangelist, Shirley, Surrey (1854) Holy Trinity Church, Coventry
Holy Trinity Church, Coventry
(1854) Chapel of Exeter College, Oxford
Oxford
(1854–60) St John's Church, Bilton, Harrogate (1855) St Mary, Hayes, Kent
Kent
(alterations) (1856–62) St Peter, Bushley, Worcestershire. Roof (1856)[35] St Mary, Tedstone Delamere, Herefordshire Chancel
Chancel
(1856–57)[36] St George's Minster, Doncaster
Doncaster
(1858) St Mary New Church, Stoke Newington
Stoke Newington
(1858)[37] St Matthias Church, Richmond, London (1858) All Souls Church, Halifax
All Souls Church, Halifax
(1859) St. Thomas's Church, Huddersfield
St. Thomas's Church, Huddersfield
(1859) St Michael and All Angels Church, Leafield, Oxfordshire (1859–60)[38] St Matthew's Church, Stretton, Cheshire (1859 and 1867) St Matthew's Church. Yiewsley, Hillingdon
Hillingdon
(1859) St Mary, Edvin Loach, Herefordshire (?1860)[39] Christ Church, Wanstead, Essex (1861) St Stephen's Church, Higham Green, Suffolk (1861) St. John the Evangelist, Sandbach
Sandbach
Heath (1861)[40] St Andrews, Jarrom Street, Leicester
Leicester
(1862)[41][42][43] The Hereford Screen
Hereford Screen
(1862), choir screen from Hereford Cathedral, now restored and in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London Chapel of Wellington College, Berkshire
Wellington College, Berkshire
(1861-3)[44] All Saints Church, Langton Green, Kent
Kent
(1862–63)[45] St Andrew's Hospital Chapel, Northampton
Northampton
(1863) St Andrew's Church, Derby
St Andrew's Church, Derby
(1864–67)[46] St Andrew's Church, Uxbridge
Uxbridge
(1865) St John the Baptist, Penshurst
St John the Baptist, Penshurst
(1865) St Luke's Church, Pendleton
St Luke's Church, Pendleton
(1865)[47] St Stephen & St Mark, Lewisham (1865) [48] St Mary's Church, Shackleford, Surrey (1865) St Denys Church, Southampton (1868) St Stephen's Church, Higham Green, Suffolk (1868) St James' Church, Cradley, Herefordshire
Cradley, Herefordshire
Chancel
Chancel
(1868)[49] St Peter's Church, Edensor, Derbyshire
Derbyshire
(1867–70) All Saints church, Ryde, Isle of Wight (1872) St. Thomas of Canterbury Church, Chester
St. Thomas of Canterbury Church, Chester
(1872)[50] St Peter and St Paul, Priory Church Leominster, Herefordshire Quatrefoil piers (1872–79).[51] The Cathedral Church of St Mary the Virgin, Glasgow (1873)[52] Christ Church, Bradford-on-Avon
Christ Church, Bradford-on-Avon
(additions) (1875) St Saviour's Church, Leicester
Leicester
(1875–77) All Souls, Blackman Lane, Leeds
Leeds
(1879) – his last work, a large lancet-style church St Mary The Virgin, Speldhurst
Speldhurst
Kent
Kent
(1879) St. Michael and St. George Cathedral, Grahamstown
Grahamstown
(tower and spire completed in 1879) St Paul's Church, Low Fulney, Spalding, Lincolnshire
Spalding, Lincolnshire
(completed 1880)[53] ChristChurch Cathedral, Christchurch, New Zealand

The chapel of St John's College, Cambridge
Cambridge
is characteristic of Scott's many church designs

St John The Baptist Church, Busbridge, Godalming, Surrey St Mary's Cathedral, Edinburgh (Episcopal) St Mary's Church, Mirfield, West Yorkshire St Mary, Timsbury, Somerset[54] St Michael, Stourport-on-Severn, Worcestershire designed (1875) started (1881) by son John Oldrid Scott, never finished and partly demolished.[55] St Nicholas's, Newport, Lincoln, Lincolnshire. St Peter's Church, Elworth, Cheshire. Christ The Saviour, Ealing, London Christ Church, Ramsgate, Kent Christ Church, Swindon, Wiltshire Ramsgate
Ramsgate
Cemetery Chapel, Kent
Kent
(1869)[56] St Mary's Church, West Derby, Liverpool
St Mary's Church, West Derby, Liverpool
(1853–6) All Saints Church, Hawkhurst, Kent
Kent
(1861)

Restorations[edit] Churches[edit] Scott was involved in major restorations of medieval church architecture, all across England.

Chantry Chapel of St Mary the Virgin, Wakefield, West Yorkshire (1842) Church of St Mary and All Saints, Chesterfield, Derbyshire
Derbyshire
(1843) St Mary's Church, Sandbach
Sandbach
(1847)[57] St. Mary's Church, Temple Balsall, Solihull, West Midlands (1849) St. John the Baptist Church Glastonbury, Somerset (1850s)[58] St. Mary's Church, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire (1850s) Church of St Editha, Tamworth, Staffordshire (1850s) Church of St. Mary Magdalene, Newark-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire (1850s) St Mary's Church, Bishopsbourne, Kent
Kent
(1871)[59] All Saints' Church, Oakham
All Saints' Church, Oakham
(1857–1858) St John the Baptist Church, Aconbury, Herefordshire (1863)[60] St Paul (Without the Walls) Church, Canterbury, Kent
Kent
(1860s) Church of St John the Baptist, Bromsgrove, Worcestershire (1858)[61] St Mary Magdelene, Duns Tew, Oxfordshire (1861–62) St Mary's Church, Hull, East Riding of Yorkshire (1861–63) St Helen's Church, Welton, East Riding of Yorkshire (1862–63) St Peter and St Paul, Buckingham
Buckingham
Church Buckingham, (1862–1878), additions to the original 1780 church including chancel, buttresses, porch, roof and nave alterations. Work continued over the years by his second son John Oldrid Scott and grandson Charles Marriott Oldrid Scott.[62] St John the Baptist Church, Upton Bishop, Herefordshire (1862)[63] St Leonard, Yarpole, Herefordshire, restoration of chancel(1864)[64] St Wulfram's Church, Grantham, Lincolnshire (1866–75) St Mary Abbots, Kensington, London (1872) All Saints' Church, Hillesden
Hillesden
Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
(1874–75) St. Margaret's Church, King's Lynn (1875) St. Margaret's, Westminster, London (1877–78) St Mary's Island church on the Orchardleigh Estate, Somerset (1878)[65] St Peter's Church, Prestbury, Cheshire (1879–1881) St Barnabas' Church, Bromborough, Merseyside (1862-1864) St Andrews Parish Church, Spratton, Northamptonshire Church of St Mary the Less, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire

The West Front of Lichfield
Lichfield
Cathedral

Cathedrals[edit]

Ely Cathedral
Ely Cathedral
(1847–78) Gloucester
Gloucester
Cathedral (1854–76) Peterborough Cathedral
Peterborough Cathedral
(1855–60) Coventry Cathedral
Coventry Cathedral
(1855–57) Hereford Cathedral
Hereford Cathedral
east side (1855–63) Lichfield
Lichfield
Cathedral (1855–61 & 1877–81) Wakefield Cathedral
Wakefield Cathedral
(1858–60, 1865–69 and 1872–74) Durham Cathedral
Durham Cathedral
(1859 and 1874–76) Brecon Cathedral
Brecon Cathedral
(1860–62 & 1872–75) Canterbury
Canterbury
Cathedral (1860 & 1877–80) Chichester Cathedral
Chichester Cathedral
(1861–67 & 1872) Ripon Cathedral
Ripon Cathedral
(1862–72) St Edmundsbury Cathedral
St Edmundsbury Cathedral
(1863–64 & 1867–69) Worcester Cathedral
Worcester Cathedral
(1863–64, 1868 & 1874) St David's Cathedral, St Davids, Wales (1864–76) Salisbury Cathedral
Salisbury Cathedral
(1865–71) St Asaph Cathedral
St Asaph Cathedral
(1866–69 & 1871) Newcastle Cathedral
Newcastle Cathedral
(1867–71 & 1872–76) Chester Cathedral
Chester Cathedral
(1868–75) Exeter Cathedral
Exeter Cathedral
(1869–70) Christ Church, Oxford
Oxford
east wall of choir (1870–72 & 1874–76) Rochester Cathedral
Rochester Cathedral
(1871–74) St Albans Cathedral
St Albans Cathedral
(1871–80) Manchester Cathedral
Manchester Cathedral
(c. 1872) Winchester Cathedral
Winchester Cathedral
(1875)

Additionally Scott designed the Mason and Dixon monument in York Minster (1860), prepared plans for the restoration of Bristol Cathedral in 1859 and Norwich Cathedral
Norwich Cathedral
in 1860 neither of which resulted in a commission, and designed a pulpit for Lincoln Cathedral in 1863. Abbeys, priories and collegiate churches[edit]

St Mary's Church, Stafford, 1842–45 Beverley Minster
Beverley Minster
1844, 1866–68, 1877 Westminster
Westminster
Abbey, 1848–78 Dorchester Abbey, 1858, 1862, 1874 King's College, Cambridge, 1859–63, 1875 Bath Abbey, 1860–77 Pershore Abbey, 1861–64, 1867 St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, 1863 Great Malvern Priory, c. 1864 Boxgrove Priory, 1864–67 Priory Church, Leominster, 1864–66, 1876–78 Monkwearmouth-Jarrow Abbey, 1865–66 Selby Abbey, 1872–74 Tewkesbury Abbey, 1874–79 Bridlington Priory, 1875–80

Other restoration work[edit] Scott restored the Inner Gateway (also known as the Abbey Gateway) of Reading Abbey
Reading Abbey
in 1860 – 1861 after its partial collapse.[66] St Mary's of Charity in Faversham, which was restored (and transformed, with an unusual spire and unexpected interior) by Scott in 1874, and Dundee
Dundee
Parish Church, and designed the chapels of Exeter College, Oxford, St John's College, Cambridge
Cambridge
and King's College London. He also designed St Paul's Cathedral, Dundee. Lichfield
Lichfield
Cathedral's ornate West Front was extensively renovated by Scott from 1855 to 1878. He restored the cathedral to the form he believed it took in the Middle Ages, working with original materials where possible and creating imitations when the originals were not available. It is recognised[who?] as some of his finest work. Gallery of architectural work[edit]

Work house, Louth Lincolnshire (1839)

St. Mary's Hanwell, Middlesex (1841)

East end, St. Mary's Hanwell, Middlesex (1841)

Martyrs' Memorial, Oxford
Oxford
(1841–43)

St. Giles Church, Camberwell
Camberwell
(1842–44)

Reading Gaol, Berkshire (1842–44)

Holy Trinity Church, Halstead, Essex (1843–44)

St Martin's Zeal, Wiltshire (1845–46)

Nikolaikirche, Hamburg, Germany
Germany
(1845–80), bombed during World War II and now a ruin

Cathedral of St.John's, Newfoundland, Canada (1847-1905)

Cathedral of St.John's, Newfoundland, Canada (1847-1905)

St. Peter's Church, Croydon (1849–51)

St. Anne's Alderney (c.1850)

St. Barnabas's Church, Weeton, North Yorkshire
Weeton, North Yorkshire
(1852)

St. George's Church, Doncaster, Yorkshire (1853–58)

St. George's Church, Doncaster, Yorkshire (1853–58)

Lichfield
Lichfield
Cathedral, as restored and with fittings by Scott (1855–61) & (1877–81)

All Souls', Haley Hill, Halifax (1856–59)

Interior looking east, All Souls', Haley Hill, Halifax, Yorkshire (1856–59)

Cottages, Ilam, Staffordshire
Ilam, Staffordshire
(c.1871)

Chapel door, Exeter College, Oxford
Oxford
(1857–59)

East end, Chapel, Exeter College, Oxford
Oxford
(1857–59)

Kelham
Kelham
Hall, Nottinghamshire (1858–62)

Crimea War Memorial, Westminster
Westminster
School, Broad Sanctuary, Westminster (1858)

Walton Hall, Warwickshire
Walton Hall, Warwickshire
(c.1858-62)

St. Mary's, Edwin Loach, Herefordshire (c.1859)

The Chapel, Brighton College
Brighton College
(1859)

All Saints, Nocton
Nocton
(1860–63)

SS. Peter and Paul Church, Buckingham, heavily restored (1860–67)

Nave
Nave
Vault, Bath Abbey
Bath Abbey
(1860–77) (copy of the medieval vault in the chancel)

The Chapel, King's College London
King's College London
(1861–62)

Christ Church, Southgate, London (1861–62)

Vaughan Library, Harrow School, London (1861–63)

Screen from Hereford Cathedral
Hereford Cathedral
(1862) now in the Victoria and Albert Museum

All Saints' Church, Sherbourne, Warwickshire (1862–64)

Foreign and Commonwealth Office, London (1862–75)

Foreign and Commonwealth Office, London (1862–75)

Grand Staircase, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, London (1862–75)

Ceiling, Grand Staircase, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, London (1862–75)

Looking east, St. John's College Chapel, Cambridge
Cambridge
(1863–69)

Clifton Hampden
Clifton Hampden
Bridge, Oxfordshire (1864)

Leeds General Infirmary
Leeds General Infirmary
(1864–70)

St. David's Cathedral, Pembrokeshire, showing Scott's west front (1864–76)

Albert Memorial, London (1864–76)

Central ciborium, Albert Memorial, London (1864–76)

Christchurch Cathedral, Christchurch, New Zealand (1864-1904)

St. Mary's Church, Norney, Shackleford, Surrey (1865)

Former Albert Institute Dundee
Dundee
(1865–69)

St Luke's church, Salford (1865)

Former Midland Grand Hotel, St. Pancras Station (1866–76)

Roof scape, Former Midland Grand Hotel, St. Pancras Station (1866–76)

Former Midland Grand Hotel, St. Pancras Station (1866–76)

Detail of decoration in the Train Shed, St. Pancras Station (1866–76)

Clock Tower, Former Midland Grand Hotel, St. Pancras Station (1866–76)

Reredos high altar, Worcester Cathedral
Worcester Cathedral
(1867–68)

University of Glasgow
University of Glasgow
(1867–70), the spire was added after Scott's death by his son John Oldrid Scott

Highclere
Highclere
Church, Hampshire (1869–70)

Brownsover Hall, Warwickshire (c.1870)

St Mary Abbots
St Mary Abbots
Church, Kensington (1870–72)

Design for Reichstag, Berlin, not executed (1872)

Pulpit, Worcester Cathedral
Worcester Cathedral
(1873–74)

West front, St. Mary's Cathedral, Edinburgh (1874–80)

East front, St. Mary's Cathedral, Edinburgh (1874–80)

Grahamstown
Grahamstown
Cathedral, South Africa (1874–78) & finished (1893)

Hall, Bombay University, India (1876)

Clarkson Memorial, Wisbech, (1880–82)

New Court, Pembroke College, Cambridge
Cambridge
(1881)

St Barnabas' Church, Bromborough, Merseyside (1862–64)

See also[edit]

List of works by George Gilbert Scott

References[edit]

^ Cole, 1980, p. 1. ^ "George Gilbert Scott (1811–1878) and William Bonython Moffatt (−1887)". The Workhouse. 23 April 2007. Archived from the original on 8 October 2007. Retrieved 29 April 2011.  ^ a b c d e Bayley 1983, p.43 ^ Hitchcock 1977, p.146 ^ Cherry and Pevsner 1990, p.313 ^ Hitchcock 1977, p.152 ^ Eastlake 1872, p.219 ^ Whiting, R. C. (1993). Oxford
Oxford
Studies in the History of a University Town Since 1800. Manchester University Press. p. 56. ISBN 9780719030574.  The terms of the commission had stipulated that it should be based on the Eleanor Cross at Waltham ^ Eastlake 1872, p.220 ^ a b Eastlake 1872, p.221 ^ a b Hitchcock 1977, p.153 ^ Mallgrave, Harry Francis (2005). Modern Architectural Theory: A Historical Survey, 1673–1968. Cambridge
Cambridge
University Press. ISBN 9780521793063.  ^ Blanch, William Harnett (1875). Y parish of Camberwell. A brief account of the parish of Camberwell, its history and antiquities. G.W. Allen.  ^ Cathedral, Restore Christchurch. "Restore Christchurch Cathedral - Cathedral Report Delivered to Government". restorechristchurchcathedral.co.nz. Retrieved 3 February 2018.  ^ Hayman, Richard (April 2010). "Ballad of the Green Man". History Today. 60 (4).  ^ Eastlake 1872, pp.311– 2 ^ "SCOTT, SIR GEORGE GILBERT (1811–1878)". English Heritage. Retrieved 9 January 2012.  ^ "Sir George Gilbert Scott". Flickr.  ^ Allinson, Kenneth (24 September 2008). Architects and Architecture of London. Routledge. p. 164. ISBN 9781136429644.  ^ Historic England. "Tomb of Albert Henry Scott in the Churchyard of St Peter's Church (1380183)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 January 2016.  ^ Arber, Agnes; Goldbloom, Alexander. "Scott, Dukinfield Henry". Oxford
Oxford
Dictionary of National Biography
Dictionary of National Biography
(online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/35984.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) ^ Stamp, Gavin (2004). "Scott, Elisabeth Whitworth (1898–1972), architect". Oxford
Oxford
Dictionary of National Biography
Dictionary of National Biography
(online ed.). Oxford
Oxford
University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/24869.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) ^ [1] ^ Higginbotham, Peter. "The Workhouse
Workhouse
in Williton, Somerset". www.workhouses.org.uk. Retrieved 3 February 2018.  ^ Sutton, James C, ed. (1999). Alsager
Alsager
the Place and its People. Alsager: Alsager
Alsager
History Research Group. p. not cited. ISBN 0-9536363-0-5.  ^ John Parsons Earwaker, "The History of the Ancient Parish of Sandbach", 1890, (page 86) ^ "Cemetery Chapels, Ramsgate". www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 21 February 2014.  ^ "Gate House to Cemetery About 50 Metres South of Cemetery Chapel, with Side Walls, Ramsgate". www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 21 February 2014.  ^ " Sandbach
Sandbach
Almshouses Foundation Plaque", Commons ^ "Vicarage, Jarrom Street". Flickr.  ^ Reynolds, Susan, ed. (1962). A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3: Shepperton, Staines, Stanwell, Sunbury, Teddington, Heston and Isleworth, Twickenham, Cowley, Cranford, West Drayton, Greenford, Hanwell, Harefield and Harlington. Victoria County History. pp. 230–33. Retrieved 21 July 2007.  ^ Bridges, Tim (2005). Churches of Worcestershire (2nd ed.). Logaston Press. p. 157. ISBN 1-904396-39-9.  ^ Pevsner, 1963, pages 122–123 ^ "Sherbourne Park -". sherbournepark.com.  ^ Pevsner, 1968, page 113 ^ Pevsner, 1963, page 299 ^ Weinreb, Ben, and Hibbert, Christopher (1992). The London Encyclopaedia (reprint ed.). Macmillan. p. 610. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 682 ^ Pevsner, 1963, page 126 ^ John Parsons Earwaker, "The History of the Ancient Parish of Sandbach", 1890, (page 87) ^ " Leicester
Leicester
St Andrew - Learn - FamilySearch.org". familysearch.org.  ^ "Error". leicester.gov.uk.  ^ "A Church on Jarrom Street: St Andrew's ,Leicester". www.kairos-press.co.uk. Retrieved 3 February 2018.  ^ "Chapel At Wellington College With Porch Colonnade And Gateway Adjoining West End". Historic England. Retrieved 24 April 2017.  ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1240546)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 March 2012.  ^ "St Andrew's Church, London Road, Litchurch". Derby Mercury. England. 30 March 1864. Retrieved 4 June 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1386145)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 September 2014.  ^ "Lewisham, St Stephen with St Mark - East Lewisham Deanery - The Diocese of Southwark". anglican.org. Archived from the original on 13 May 2014.  ^ Pevsner, 1963, page 106 ^ A short history of our church building by Ian Thomas (Parish Magazine September 2010) ^ Pevsner, 1963, page 226 ^ "St Mary's Episcopal Cathedral Glasgow". Glasgow Architecture. Retrieved 31 August 2012.  ^ visit Ayscoughfee Hall
Ayscoughfee Hall
Museum, Spalding for further information ^ "Church of St. Mary the Virgin". Images of England. Retrieved 29 September 2007.  ^ Pevsner, 1968, page 271 ^ "Cemetery Chapels, Ramsgate". www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 15 April 2013.  ^ John Parsons Earwaker, "The History of the Ancient Parish of Sandbach", 1890, (page 28) ^ "The Building - Description - St John's Church, Glastonbury". www.stjohns-glastonbury.org.uk. Retrieved 3 February 2018.  ^ Scooby. "Gilbert Scott". www.gilbertscott.org.uk. Retrieved 3 February 2018.  ^ Pevsner, 1963, page 63 ^ Pevsner, 1968, page 109 ^ Clarke, John (1984). The Book of Buckingham. Buckingham: Barracuda Books. p. 145. ISBN 0-86023-072-4.  ^ Pevsner, 1963, page 304 ^ Pevsner, 1963, page 327 ^ "Church of St. Mary, causeway bridge, and gates". Images of England. Retrieved 20 November 2007.  ^ Tyack, Bradley and Pevsner, Geoffrey, Simon and Nikolaus (2010). The Buildings of England: Berkshire. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. p. 443. ISBN 978-0-300-12662-4. 

Sources[edit]

Bayley, Stephen (1983). The Albert Memorial
Albert Memorial
(paperback ed.). London: Scolar Press.  Cole, David (1980). The Work of Gilbert Scott. London: Architectural Press. ISBN 0-85139-723-9.  Eastlake, Charles Locke (1872). A History of the Gothic Revival. London: Longmans, Green & Co.  Hitchcock, Henry-Russell (1977). Architecture:Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. The Pelican History of Art. Harmonsworth: Penguin Books.  Pevsner, Nikolaus (1963). Herefordshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-071025-6.  Pevsner, Nikolaus (1968). Worcestershire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.  Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). Oxfordshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-071045-0. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to George Gilbert Scott.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Scott, Sir George Gilbert.

 "Scott, George Gilbert". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.  "Sir George Gilbert Scott". Metalwork. Victoria and Albert Museum. Archived from the original on 21 June 2008. Retrieved 18 August 2007.  "George Gilbert Scott's workhouse designs". The Workhouse. The Workhouse. Retrieved 9 September 2008.  St Johns Church Bromsgrove Sir George Gilbert Scott, the unsung hero of British architecture Profile on Royal Academy of Arts Collections

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 46909901 LCCN: n82152836 ISNI: 0000 0000 8125 4352 GND: 119421755 SUDOC: 155683896 BNF: cb13477229p (data) BIBSYS: 1041499 ULAN: 500019149 NLA: 35700001 RKD: 71

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