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Bideford
Bideford ( ) is a historic port town on the estuary of the River Torridge The River Torridge is a river in Devon Devon (, also known as Devonshire) is a Counties of England, county of England, reaching from the Bristol Channel in the north to the English Channel in the south. It is part of South West England, bounde ... in north Devon Devon (, archaically known as Devonshire) is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Ch ..., south-west England. It is the main town of the Torridge Torridge is a Non-metropolitan district, local government district in North Devon, England. Its council is based in Bideford. Other towns and villages in the district include Holsworthy, Devon, Holsworthy, Great Torrington, Hartland, Devon, Har ... local government district The districts of England (also known as local authority d ...
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Bideford Devon DomesdayBook
Bideford ( ) is a historic port town on the estuary of the River Torridge in north Devon, South West England, south-west England. It is the main town of the Torridge District, Torridge Districts of England, local government district. Toponymy In ancient records Bideford is recorded as ''Bedeford'', ''Byddyfrod'', ''Bedyford'', ''Bydeford'', ''Bytheford'' and ''Biddeford''. The etymology of the name means "by the ford", and records show that before there was a bridge there was a Ford (crossing), ford at Bideford where River Torridge is estuarine, and at low tide, it is possible, but not advisable, to cross the river by wading on foot. The Welsh means "this is the way" or "this is the road" owing to the Celtic legacy of the Dumnonians and their common ancestry with the Welsh. History Early history Ubba, Hubba the Dane was said to have attacked Devon in the area around Bideford near Northam, Devon, Northam or near Kenwith Castle, and was repelled by either Alfred the Great (849 ...
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Bideford Long Bridge
Bideford Long Bridge in North Devon spans the River Torridge near its estuary and connects the old part of the town, and formerly important river port, of Bideford on the left bank (west side) with East-the-Water on the right bank (east side). It is one of the longest mediaeval bridges in England, being 677 feet (222 yards) long with 24 arches. In 1790 the bridge was the longest in Devon. It remained the furthest downstream bridge on the river until 1987, when the Torridge A39 Road Bridge was built a mile or so further downstream at Northam. The river is still tidal at Bideford (and as far upstream as Weare Giffard) and a very large fluctuation in water levels occurs twice daily under the bridge. An ancient New Year's Eve tradition was to try to run across the Long Bridge during the time taken for the bells of St. Mary's parish church, near the west end, to chime midnight. A sight enjoyed by many in the winter months is of the starlings at dusk, as they come in large flocks to ro ...
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River Torridge
The River Torridge is a river in Devon in England. The River Torridge rises near Meddon. The river describes a long loop through Devon farming country where its tributaries the Lew and Okement join before meeting the Taw at Appledore and flowing into the Bristol Channel. The river is Spate irrigation, spate dependent and often flows between wooded banks which can be steep. The Torridge District, Torridge local government district is named after the river. It was the home of Tarka the Otter in Henry Williamson's book. Route The river rises close to the border with Cornwall (north of the source of the River Tamar). Its two primary sources are Seckington Water, which rises near Baxworthy Cross, and Clifford Water, the longer of the two, which rises alongside the A39 road (England), A39 at Clovelly, Higher Clovelly. These run south and join to form the Torridge at Huddisford. It then flows generally east, passing between East Putford and West Putford, and near Bradford, Devon, Bradford ...
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Devon
Devon (, archaically known as Devonshire) is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publisher), William and Robert Chambers (publisher bo ... in South West England South West England is one of nine official regions of England The regions, formerly known as the government office regions, are the highest tier of sub-national division in England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, count ..., reaching from the Bristol Channel The Bristol Channel ( cy, Môr Hafren) is a major inlet An inlet is an indentation of a shoreline, usually long and narrow, such as a small bay or arm, that often leads to an enclosed body of salt water, such as a sound In physics, sound ... in the north to the English Channel The English Channel,, "The Sleeve"; nrf, la Maunche, "The Sleeve" (Cotentin ...
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Devon Domesday Book Tenants-in-chief
Devon (, archaically known as Devonshire) is a Counties of England, county in South West England, reaching from the Bristol Channel in the north to the English Channel in the south. It is bounded by Cornwall to the west, Somerset to the north-east and Dorset to the east. The city of Exeter is the county town. The county includes the districts of East Devon, Mid Devon, North Devon, South Hams, Teignbridge, Torridge District, Torridge and West Devon. Plymouth and Torbay are each geographically part of Devon, but are administered as unitary authorities. Combined as a ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county, Devon's area is and its population is about 1.2 million. Devon derives its name from Dumnonia (the shift from ''m'' to ''v'' is a typical lenition, Celtic consonant shift). During the British Iron Age, Roman Britain and the Sub-Roman Britain, early Middle Ages, this was the homeland of the Dumnonii Celtic Britons, Brittonic Celts. The Anglo-Saxon settlement of Brita ...
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Northam, Devon
Northam () is a market town, civil parish and electoral ward in Devon, England, lying north of Bideford. The civil parish also includes the villages of Westward Ho!, Appledore, Torridge, Appledore, West Appledore, Diddywell, Buckleigh and Silford, and the residential areas of Orchard Hill and Raleigh Estate. The population at the 2011 census was 5,427. History Northam is thought to have been the site of an Anglo-Saxons, Anglo-Saxon earthwork fortification, and an area between Northam and Appledore is conjectured to have been where the Danish Viking Ubba (or Hubba) was repelled during the reign of Alfred the Great. This is commemorated in local place names like Bloody Corner and Hubba's Rock (or Hubbleston), which is supposed to be the site where Ubba was killed. It was also the site of the Battle of Northam in 1069 where the sons of Harold Godwinson were defeated. Church of St Margaret of Antioch, Northam, St Margaret's church is the Anglicanism, Anglican parish church for the town ...
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Torridge District
Torridge is a Non-metropolitan district, local government district in north Devon, England. Its council is based in Bideford. Other towns and villages in the district include Holsworthy, Devon, Holsworthy, Great Torrington, Hartland, Devon, Hartland, and Westward Ho!. The island of Lundy is administratively part of the district. To the south of the district bordering Cornwall, near Welcombe, the rugged coastline has a wild untouched beauty, due to its inaccessibility, but the South West Coast Path is well defined. The district is named after the River Torridge. Governance The district was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, by the merger of the boroughs of Bideford and Great Torrington, the Northam, Devon, Northam Urban district (Great Britain and Ireland), urban district, Bideford Rural District, Holsworthy Rural District and Torrington Rural District. Torridge District Council is elected every four years, with currently 36 councillors being elected a ...
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Torridge And West Devon (UK Parliament Constituency)
Torridge and West Devon is a List of United Kingdom Parliament constituencies, constituency represented in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, UK Parliament since 2005 by Geoffrey Cox (British politician), Geoffrey Cox, a Conservative Party (UK), Conservative. Boundaries 1983–1997: The District of Torridge, and the Borough of West Devon. 1997–2010: The District of Torridge, and the Borough of West Devon except the ward of Buckland Monachorum. 2010–present: The District of Torridge, and the Borough of West Devon wards of Bere Ferrers, Bridestowe, Buckland Monachorum, Burrator, Lydford, Mary Tavy, Milton Ford, Tamarside, Tavistock North, Tavistock South, Tavistock South West, Thrushel, and Walkham. Before the 2010 United Kingdom general election, 2010 general election, the constituency comprised Torridge District and almost all of West Devon District. However, in the redistribution of that year, when the numb ...
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Ubba
Ubba (Old Norse Old Norse, Old Nordic, or Old Scandinavian is a stage of development of North Germanic languages, North Germanic dialects before their final divergence into separate Nordic languages. Old Norse was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and t ...: ''Ubbi'') (died 878) was a 9th-century Viking Vikings—"pirate", non, víkingr is the modern name given to seafaring people primarily from Scandinavia Scandinavia; Sami languages, Sami: ''Skadesi-suolu''/''Skađsuâl''. ( ) is a Subregion#Europe, subregion in Northern Europe ... and one of the commanders of the Great Heathen Army The Great Heathen Army ( ang, mycel hæþen here; da, Store Hedenske Hær), also known as the Viking Great Army,Hadley. "The Winter Camp of the Viking Great Army, AD 872–3, Torksey, Lincolnshire", ''Antiquaries Journal''. 96, pp. 23–67 w ... that invaded Anglo-Saxon England Anglo-Saxon England or Early Medieval England, existing from the 5th to the 11 ...
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Honour Of Gloucester
The feudal barony of Gloucester or Honour (feudal barony), Honour of Gloucester was one of the largest of the mediaeval English feudal barony, English feudal baronies, in 1166 comprising 279 knight's fees, or Manorialism, manors. The constituent landholdings were spread over many counties. The location of the ''caput'' at Gloucester is not certain as Gloucester Castle appears to have been a royal castle, but it is known that the Court baron, baronial court was held at Bristol in Gloucestershire. Descent Pre-Norman Conquest Brictric son of Algar Although English feudal baronies are generally stated to have been brought into existence by the early Norman kings of England following the Norman Conquest of 1066 and the subsequent feudal land tenure in England, feudal land tenure ''per baroniam'', in the instance of the barony of Gloucester it is well recorded that many of the lands of the Norman barony had been held before 1066 by the great Saxon thegn Brictric son of Algar. According ...
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South West England
South West England is one of nine official regions of England The regions, formerly known as the government office regions, are the highest tier of sub-national division in England, established in 1994. Between 1994 and 2011, nine regions had officially devolved functions within government. While they no .... It consists of the counties of Bristol Bristol () is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routle ..., Cornwall Cornwall (; kw, Kernow ) is a historic county and ceremonial county The counties and areas for the purposes of the lieutenancies, also referred to as the lieutenancy areas of England and informally known as ceremonial counties, are ar ... (including the Isles of Scilly The Isles of Scilly (; kw, Syllan or ') is an archipelago off the southwestern ti ...
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Brictric Son Of Algar
Brictric was a powerful Saxon thegn whose many English landholdings, mostly in the West Country, are recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086. Life According to the account by the ''Continuator of Wace'' and others, in his youth Brictric declined the romantic advances of Matilda of Flanders (c. 1031 – 1083), later wife of King William the Conqueror, and his great fiefdom was thereupon seized by her. Whatever the truth of the matter, years later when she was ruling England as regent, she used her authority to confiscate Brictric's lands and threw him into prison, where he died. Samuel Lysons in his '' Magna Britannia'' refers to a Godeva as being the "widow of Brictric, in dower" of two manors in Devon in a footnote to his table of the general division of property at the time of the Domesday survey. Brictric's other lands were granted after Matilda's death in 1083 by her eldest son King William Rufus (1087–1100) to Robert FitzHamon (died 1107), the conqueror of Glamorgan, whose dau ...
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