SIR GEORGE CLAUSEN RA (18 April 1852 – 22 November 1944), was an
English artist working in oil and watercolour, etching , mezzotint ,
dry point and occasionally lithographs . He was knighted in 1927.
* 1 Biography
* 2 References
* 3 Sources
* 4 External links
George Clausen was born in London on 18 April 1852, the son of a
decorative artist of Danish descent. From 1867 to 1873, he attended
the design classes at the South Kensington Schools in London with
great success. He then worked in the studio of
Edwin Long RA, and
subsequently in Paris under
Tony Robert-Fleury at the
Académie Julian . He was an admirer of the naturalism of the
Jules Bastien-Lepage about whom he wrote in 1888 and 1892.
Clausen became one of the foremost modern painters of landscape and
of peasant life, influenced to a certain extent by the Impressionists
, with whom he shared the view that light is the real subject of
landscape art. His pictures excel in rendering the appearance of
things under flecking outdoor sunlight, or in the shady shelter of a
barn or stable. His Girl at the Gate was acquired by the Chantrey
Trustees and is now at the
Tate Gallery .
Clausen was a founding member of the
New English Art Club
New English Art Club in 1886. In
1895, he was elected an
Associate of the Royal Academy
Associate of the Royal Academy , and a full
Academician in 1906. As Professor of Painting at the Royal Academy he
gave a memorable series of lectures to the students of the Schools,
published as Six Lectures on Painting (1904) and Aims and Ideals in
Clausen was an official war artist during World War I. During the war
his daughter's fiancé was killed; this event may have inspired his
painting, Youth Mourning which shows a distressed young woman mourning
in a desolate landscape. Clausen also contributed six lithographs on
the theme Making Guns for the Government published print portfolio
Britain's Efforts and Ideals.
* Selected works
Bird scaring, 1887
Brown eyes, 1891
The Gleaners Returning, 1908
Youth Mourning, 1916
Morning in November, 1922
* ^ "Artist biography,
George Clausen R.A". Tate. Retrieved 4
* ^ A B Ian Chilvers (2004). The Oxford Dictionary of Art. Oxford
University Press. ISBN 0 19 860476 9 .
* ^ A B C Chisholm 1911 .
* ^ Brian Stewart & Mervyn Cutten (1997). The Dictionary of
Portrait Painters in Britain up to 1920. Antique Collectors' Club.
ISBN 1 85149 173 2 .
* ^ "Catelogue entry, The Girl at the Gate". Tate. Retrieved 4
Frances Spalding (1990). 20th Century Painters and Sculptors.
Antique Collectors' Club. ISBN 1 85149 106 6 .
* ^ Art from the First World War. Imperial War Museum. 2008. ISBN
* ^ Imperial War Museum. "First World War archive, George Clausen".
Imperial War Museum . Retrieved 14 September 2016.
* ^ Mari Gordon (Series Editor) (2014). The Great War:Britain's
Efforts and Ideals. Amgueddfa Cymru-National Museum Wales. ISBN
* Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Clausen, George". Encyclopædia
Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
* Gibson, Frank. The Etchings and
Lithographs of George Clausen,
R.A. The Print Collector\'s Quarterly 1921 July Vol 8, No. 2, pp 203,
* Gibson, Frank. Notes to Catalogue of Etchings by George Clausen
The Print Collector\'s Quarterly 1921 Dec Vol 8, No. 4, p 433.
* Rutherson, Albert (editor). Contemporary British Artists: George
Clausen Publisher: Ernest Benn Ltd, 1923
* Sir George Clausen, R.A. 1852–1944; Bradford Art Gallery, 1980.
Catalogue of an exhibition held in Bradford, London, Bristol and
Newcastle upon Tyne in