HOME
The Info List - Gayatri


--- Advertisement ---



Gayatri
Gayatri
(Sanskrit: गायत्री, IAST:gāyatrī) is the personified form of popular Gayatri
Gayatri
Mantra, a hymn from Vedic texts.[1] She is also known as Savitri and Vedamata (mother of vedas). Gayatri
Gayatri
is often associated with Savitr, a solar deity in the vedas.[2][3] Gayatri
Gayatri
is one of the consorts of Lord Brahma
Brahma
in Puranic concepts. Saivite texts identify Gayatri
Gayatri
as the consort of Shiva, in his highest form of Sadasiva
Sadasiva
with five heads and ten hands.[4][5]

Contents

1 Development 2 Puranic Gayatri 3 Shaivite Gayatri 4 Depiction 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Development[edit] Gayatri
Gayatri
was the name initially applied to a metre of the Rig Veda consisting of 24 syllables.[6] In particular, it refers to the Gayatri Mantra
Mantra
and the Goddess
Goddess
Gāyatrī as that mantra personified. The Gayatri
Gayatri
mantra composed in this triplet form is the most famous. Most of the scholars identifies Gayatri
Gayatri
as the feminine form of Gayatra, other name of vedic Solar god which is also one of the synonyms of Savitri and Savitr.[7] However, the transition period of mantra turned into personification is still unknown. There are two different sources available to construct her development through ages. One is puranic texts describing her association with Saraswati
Saraswati
and Brahma. Another source is Saivite texts identifying Gayatri, the consort of Sadasiva.[5] Puranic Gayatri[edit]

Gayatri
Gayatri
Devi
Devi
appears before Vishwamitra rishi.

Gayatri
Gayatri
is said to be the other names of Sarasvati, the wife of Brahma.[8] According to Matsya Purana, Brahma
Brahma
formed from his own immaculate substance a female, who is celebrated under the names of Shatarupa, Savitri, Sarasvati, Gayatri, and Brahmani.[9] In Kurma Purana, Gautama rishi was blessed by Goddess
Goddess
Gayatri
Gayatri
and able to eliminate the obstacles he faced in his life. Skanda Puran tells that Gayatri
Gayatri
is the second wife of Brahma
Brahma
after Savitri, which make her distinct from Saraswati.[10] It goes Brahma
Brahma
married Gayatri
Gayatri
to fulfill Brahma's vedic sacrifices as Savitri was late to attend. In this story, Gayatri
Gayatri
is described as a beautiful milkmaid found by Indra near the holy place, Pushkar.[6] Skanda purana continues that Savitri became angry knowing the wedding of Gayatri
Gayatri
with Brahma
Brahma
and cursed all the gods and goddesses engaged in the event.[11][6] However, the Padma Purana
Purana
narrates the same story with little modification. After Savitri was appeased by Brahma, Vishnu and Lakshmi, She accepts Gayatri
Gayatri
as her sister happily.[12] Padma Purana
Purana
and Skanda PUrana symbolically tell how does the personified Gayatri
Gayatri
was included into Hindu pantheon distinct from Saraswati
Saraswati
or Savitri. She further developed into a fierce goddess who could even slay a demon. According to Varaha Purana
Purana
and Mahabharata, Goddess
Goddess
Gayatri slayed the demon Vetrasura, the son of Vritra
Vritra
and river Vetravati, on a Navami day.[13][14] Shaivite Gayatri[edit]

According to Saivite Siddhantic perspective, Gayatri
Gayatri
is the consort of Sadasiva, the supreme being Parashivam.[5][15]

Saivism sees Gayatri
Gayatri
as the consort of eternal blissful absolute Parashiva who manifests in the form of sun, Sivasurya.[16][17] He is omnipotent omnipresent Sadasiva, whose name is Bharga.[18] Sadashiva's consort Manonmani is non other than the mantra form of Gayatri
Gayatri
which possess the power of her husband Bharga,within her.[19][20] It should be noted that the popular form of Gayatri
Gayatri
with five heads and ten arms was initially found in Saivite iconographies of Manonmani in North India beginning from 10th century CE.[4][5] Saivite view on Gayatri seems a later development from the combination of vedic practice of Gayatri
Gayatri
reverence and its Saivite inclusion as a manifestation of Shakti. This could be the root for the terrific aspect of Gayatri explained in the later puranas as the killer of demon Vetra identifying her with Adi Parashakti.[21] Depiction[edit]

A modern depiction of goddess Gayatri

Earlier bronze images of Gayatri
Gayatri
is appeared in the Himachal Pradesh, where she was revered as the consort of Sadasiva.[5] Some of these forms are terrific in nature. One of the bronze images of Gayatri dated back to 10th c. CE was obtained from Champa region and now preserved in Delhi museum. It appears with five faces and ten hands holding, sword, lotus, trident, disc, skull, Varada in left and goad, noose, a manuscript, the jar of ambrosia and Abhaya in right.[15] She resides in the mount Nandi. Modern depictions illustrates swan as her mount. Fine paintings of Gayatri
Gayatri
appears from 18th century CE in which she is often portrayed with third eye, crescent moon and five heads with five different colors same like Sadasiva. The well known form of Gayatri
Gayatri
with the Saivite influence will appear having five heads (Mukta, Vidruma, Hema, Neela, Dhavala) with the ten eyes looking in eight directions plus the earth and sky, and ten arms holding various types of weapons attributed to Shiva, Vishnu
Vishnu
and Brahma. Another recent depiction is accompanied by a white swan holding a book to portray knowledge in one hand and a cure in the other, as the Goddess
Goddess
of education.[22] See also[edit]

Gayatri
Gayatri
Mantra Saraswati

References[edit]

^ Bradley, R. Hertel; Cynthia, Ann Humes (1993). Living Banaras: Hindu Religion in Cultural Context. SUNY Press. p. 286. ISBN 9780791413319.  ^ Constance Jones, James D. Ryan (2005), Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Infobase Publishing, p.167, entry " Gayatri
Gayatri
Mantra" ^ Roshen Dalal (2010), The Religions of India: A Concise Guide to Nine Major Faiths, Penguin Books India, p.328, entry "Savitr, god" ^ a b Margaret Stutley (2006). Hindu Deities: A Mythological Dictionary with Illustrations. Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers. ISBN 9788121511643.  ^ a b c d e Omacanda Hāṇḍā (1992). Śiva in art: a study of Śaiva iconography and miniatures. Indus Pub. House.  ^ a b c Bansal, Sunita Pant (2005). Hindu Gods and Goddesses. Smriti Books. p. 23. ISBN 9788187967729.  ^ Ramachandra Rao, Saligrama Krishna
Krishna
(1998). R̥gveda-darśana: Gāyatri mantra. Kalpatharu Research Academy. p. 77.  ^ Guru Granth Sahib an Advance Study. Hemkunt Press. p. 294. ISBN 9788170103219.  ^ Ludvík, Catherine (2007). Sarasvatī, Riverine Goddess
Goddess
of Knowledge: From the. Brill. p. 119. ISBN 9789004158146.  ^ Kennedy, Vans (1831). Researches Into the Nature and Affinity of Ancient and Hindu Mythology by Vans Kennedy. Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green,. pp. 317–324.  ^ Sharma, Bulbul (2010). The book of Devi. Penguin Books India. pp. 72–75. ISBN 9780143067665.  ^ Holdrege, Barbara A. (2012). Hindu Mythology, Vedic
Vedic
and Puranic. SUNY Press. ISBN 9781438406954.  ^ B K Chaturvedi (2017). Varaha Purana. Diamond Pocket Books Pvt Ltd. p. 108. ISBN 9788128822261.  ^ Bibek, Debroy (2002). The holy Puranas
Puranas
Volume 2 of The Holy Puranas: Markandeya, Agni, Bhavishya, Brahmavaivarta, Linga, Varaha. B.R. Pub. Corp. p. 519. ISBN 9788176462969.  ^ a b B.N. Sharma (1976). Iconography of Sadasiva. Abhinav Publications. pp. 25–29. ISBN 9788170170372.  ^ Vallyon, Imre (2012). Planetary Transformation: A Personal Guide To Embracing Planetary Change. Bookbaby. p. 245. ISBN 9780909038908.  ^ CHETTY, D. GOPAUL (1923). NEW LIGHT UPON INDIAN PHILOSOPHY OR SWEDENBORG AND SAIVA SIDDHANTA. p. 52.  ^ Frawley, David (2015). Shiva: The Lord of Yoga. Lotus Press. ISBN 9780940676299.  ^ Uma Devi, Mudigonda (1990). Palkuriki Somanatha: His Contribution to Sanskrit
Sanskrit
Literature. Rasagangotri. pp. 123–183.  ^ Sankaracharya (2000). Śrī Dakshināmūrti stotram: stava rajaṁ, astakam, samsmaranam and upanishat (stepping stone to Vedant). Sānkhyāyana Vidyā Parishat. pp. 6–7.  ^ Jagdish Lal Shastri, Arnold Kunst (1985). Ancient Indian Tradition & Mythology, Volume 31. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 98. ISBN 9780895817778.  ^ " Gayatri
Gayatri
Mantra". Vedic
Vedic
Rishi. Vedicrishi Astro. Retrieved 7 February 2018. 

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gayatri.

External links[edit]

Goddess
Goddess
Gayatri Hindu Goddess
Goddess
gayatri

v t e

Hindu deities
Hindu deities
and texts

Gods

Trimurti

Brahma Vishnu

Rama Krishna

Shiva

Ganesha Kartikeya Hanuman Indra Surya more

Goddesses

Tridevi

Saraswati Lakshmi

Sita Radha

Parvati

Sati Kali Adi Parashakti Mahavidya

Durga Shakti Navadurga Matrikas more

Texts

Vedas

Rig Sama Yajur Atharva

Upanishads Puranas Ramayana Mahabharata

Bhagavad Gita

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali more

Hinduism Hin

.