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Garstang
Garstang
is an old market town and civil parish within the Wyre borough of Lancashire, England. It is 10 miles (16 km) north of the city of Preston and the same distance south of Lancaster. In 2011, the parish had a total resident population of 4,268;[1] the larger Garstang
Garstang
Built-up Area, which includes the adjoining settlements of Bonds and Cabus, had population of 6,779.[2] Garstang is famous for being the world's first ever Fairtrade Town.

Contents

1 History 2 Etymology 3 21st century 4 Governance 5 Geography 6 People 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

History[edit]

Greenhalgh Castle

A brief but comprehensive history of the parish, including the parish church of St Helen in Churchtown and Greenhalgh Castle, can be found in "The Parish of Garstang", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 7.[3] St. John Plessington was born at Dimples Hall, which is just outside the town. Garstang
Garstang
was once served by Garstang
Garstang
and Catterall
Catterall
railway station which closed in 1969, and Garstang Town railway station which closed to passengers in 1930. The town is overlooked by the ruined remains of Greenhalgh Castle, built in 1490 by Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby. Etymology[edit] Garstang
Garstang
is mentioned in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
as Cherestanc.[4] Later recordings of the name include Geresteng, Grestein, 1204; Gayrestan, 1236; Gayerstang, 1246; Gayrstang, 1274; Gayrestang, 1292.[5] 21st century[edit] The town celebrates an arts festival and an agricultural show (which has been continued for 200 years) every year in August. In April 2000 Garstang
Garstang
declared itself "the world's first Fairtrade Town", influencing many other towns, cities and counties around the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
to work towards the same goal.[6] The Fairtrade Town status was renewed by the Fairtrade Foundation
Fairtrade Foundation
on 13 August 2003. In 2011 a 518-foot (158 m) wind turbine, the UK's largest, was built in the town to provide power for Dewlay, a local factory producing the award-winning Garstang
Garstang
Blue cheese.[7][8] The local newspaper, the Garstang
Garstang
Courier, is available on tape free of charge to blind and partially sighted people from Galloway's Society for the Blind. Following success in winning the Small Country Town category in the 2002 Britain in Bloom
Britain in Bloom
Awards, Garstang
Garstang
won the Small Town category in the 2005, 2006[9] and 2010 and was invited to the champion of champions[clarification needed] in 2010 also. Local primary schools are Garstang
Garstang
Community Primary School, with about 245 pupils, St Thomas' Church of England
England
School and SS Mary and Michael Catholic School. The local secondary school is Garstang Community Academy which does not offer sixth form courses; pupils travel to Lancaster, Preston or Blackpool
Blackpool
and further for A level courses. The town has seven public houses: The Farmers Arms, the Crown, the Eagle and Child, the King's Arms, the Royal Oak, the Wheatsheaf, Th'Owd Tithe Barn, with the Bellflower (formerly the Flag) in Nateby and Crofters Tavern in Cabus. It has three restaurants: Pipers, Ken Ma and the Great Season, the latter two being Chinese restaurants. There is also a golf club and Country Hotel and the Crofter's Hotel, on the main A6 road. Garstang
Garstang
is referenced in episode 5 of the first series of the comedy Phoenix Nights. Brian Potter (played by Peter Kay) said "What have you called us? What have you called the best cabaret lounge this side of Garstang?" in reference to an alternative comedy night being run at his fictional club. The town is served by the Anglican church of St Thomas and the Catholic church of St Mary and St Michael (just outside the town's boundaries in Bonds). Until 1881, Garstang's official parish church was St Helen's, 2 miles (3 km) away in Churchtown. Governance[edit] From a very early time, Garstang
Garstang
lay within the Amounderness
Amounderness
Hundred of Lancashire. From 1894 until 1974 Garstang
Garstang
formed its own local government district in the administrative county of Lancashire; " Garstang
Garstang
Rural District",[10] which extended beyond the current civil parish boundaries, including villages such as Pilling. Since 1974, Garstang
Garstang
has formed part of the Wyre
Wyre
borough of Lancashire, although it retains an elected Town Council with limited jurisdiction. The borough ward has three councillors, including Lady Dulcie Atkins, wife of MEP Sir Robert Atkins.[11] The population of the ward at the 2011 Census was 4,852.[12] Geography[edit] Lying on the River Wyre, River Calder and the Lancaster Canal, Garstang
Garstang
is situated close to the A6 road, the M6 motorway, and the West Coast Main Line, between Lancaster and Preston. It lies on the eastern edge of the Fylde, and the Forest of Bowland
Forest of Bowland
is not far to the east. Garstang
Garstang
and the nearby villages of Bonds, Bowgreave, Catterall
Catterall
and Western Claughton-On-Brock form an almost continuous built-up area, bypassed by the A6 road in 1928[13] (incorrectly given as 1926 in[14]). Other nearby villages not bypassed by the A6 road include: Brock, Bilsborrow, Cabus
Cabus
and Churchtown form another, much larger, continuous built-up area which includes Garstang
Garstang
in the centre. People[edit] The following people have lived at - or were born in - Garstang:

Isaac Ambrose
Isaac Ambrose
(1604-1664), a Puritan
Puritan
vicar[15] Robert Terrill Rundle
Robert Terrill Rundle
(1811-1896), a Methodist missionary noted for his work in Western Canada[16] Dicky Bond (1883-1955), footballer noted for his time at Preston North End and Bradford City[17] Harry Dean (1884-1957), Lancashire
Lancashire
cricketer who played three Test matches for England[18] George Benson (1893-1974), a footballer noted for his time at Accrington
Accrington
Stanley John Woolrich (1954-), composer, lived in Garstang
Garstang
from 1955 to 1972[19] Mary Anne Hobbs
Mary Anne Hobbs
(1964-), a BBC Radio 6 Music
BBC Radio 6 Music
disk jockey[20] Jason Robinson (1974-), an England
England
rugby player (both league and union) Sir Robert Atkins (politician), Member of the European Parliament
Member of the European Parliament
for the North West England
North West England
region and Vice-President of Lancashire
Lancashire
County Cricket
Cricket
Club

See also[edit]

Lancashire
Lancashire
portal

Listed buildings in Garstang

References[edit]

^ a b " Garstang
Garstang
(Parish) Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 October 2014.  ^ Brinkhoff, Thomas. " Garstang
Garstang
(Lancashire)". City Population. Retrieved 18 October 2014.  ^ (1912) "The parish of Garstang", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 7, pp. 291-300. Date accessed: 26 October 2007 ^ " Lancashire
Lancashire
A-L". The Domesday Book
Domesday Book
Online. Retrieved 22 January 2011.  ^ (1912) "Townships: Garstang", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 7, pp. 311-313. Retrieved on 2007-10-25 ^ Fairtrade Foundation. "About Fairtrade Towns". Archived from the original on 14 August 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2011.  ^ The Daily Telegraph (1 May 2009). "Cheesemaker to use biggest windturbine in UK to power factory". London. Retrieved 13 May 2009.  ^ The Garstang
Garstang
Courier. " Garstang
Garstang
cheese firm wins hat trick of food awards". Retrieved 13 May 2009.  ^ RHS. " Britain in Bloom
Britain in Bloom
2005 Winners". Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 30 August 2007.  ^ A vision of Britain through time. "A vision of Garstang
Garstang
RD". Retrieved 12 June 2007.  ^ Garstang
Garstang
Courier article on Garstang
Garstang
politics ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 5 June 2015.  ^ The Times, 28 Oct 1928, page 18 ^ Greenall, R. (2007), Garstang
Garstang
Past, At Heart Ltd, Altrincham, ISBN 978-1-84547-137-8, p.52 ^ http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/meetthepuritans/isaacambrose.html ^ http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/rundle_robert_terrill_12E.html ^ http://www.englandfootballonline.com/TeamPlyrsBios/PlayersB/BioBondR.html ^ http://england.cricketworld4u.com/profile/harry-dean.php ^ http://www.fabermusic.com/composers/john-woolrich/biography ^ https://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/2004/mar/27/features.jobsmoney4

External links[edit]

Independent Garstang
Garstang
website Garstang
Garstang
information and entertainment site. Official Garstang
Garstang
website Garstang
Garstang
Town Council website. Garstang
Garstang
website Garstang
Garstang
and District Chamber of Trade and Commerce. Garstang, GENUKI article. Garstang
Garstang
Fair Trade Town Wyre
Wyre
Council website

v t e

Geography of the Borough of Wyre

Towns

Fleetwood Garstang Poulton-le-Fylde Preesall Thornton-Cleveleys

Thornton Cleveleys

Villages

Bilsborrow Bleasdale Bonds Bowgreave Cabus Calder Vale Carleton Catterall Claughton Churchtown Dolphinholme Eagland Hill Forton Great Eccleston Hambleton Hollins Lane Inskip Knott End-on-Sea Nateby Oakenclough Out Rawcliffe Pilling Rossall St Michael's on Wyre Scorton Scronkey Shireshead Stake Pool Stalmine Winmarleigh

Parishes

Barnacre-with-Bonds Bleasdale Cabus Catterall Claughton Fleetwood Forton Garstang Great Eccleston Hambleton Inskip-with-Sowerby Kirkland Myerscough & Bilsborrow Nateby Nether Wyresdale Out Rawcliffe Pilling Preesall Stalmine-with-Staynall Upper Rawcliffe-with-Tarnacre Winmarleigh

Topography

Forest of Bowland

Hills

Fair Snape Fell Parlick

Waterways

Lancaster Canal R Brock R Calder R Wyre

v t e

Ceremonial county of Lancashire

North West England
North West England
Portal

Unitary authorities

Blackburn
Blackburn
with Darwen Blackpool

Boroughs or districts

City of Lancaster City of Preston Burnley Chorley Fylde Hyndburn Pendle Ribble Valley Rossendale South Ribble West Lancashire Wyre

Major settlements

Accrington Adlington Bacup Barnoldswick Blackburn Blackpool Brierfield Burnley Carnforth Chorley Cleveleys Clitheroe Colne Darwen Earby Fleetwood Garstang Great Harwood Haslingden Kirkham Lancaster Leyland Longridge Lytham St Annes Morecambe Nelson Ormskirk Oswaldtwistle Padiham Penwortham Poulton-le-Fylde Preesall Preston Rawtenstall Rishton Skelmersdale Waterfoot Whitworth See also: List of civil parishes in Lancashire

Rivers

Calder Darwen Douglas Hodder Irwell Lune Ribble Wyre

Canals

Lancaster Leeds and Liverpool

Topics

Parliamentary constituencies Places Population of major settlements Schools SSSIs Country houses Grade I buildings Grade II* buildings History Museums Lord Lieuten

.