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Generically, a Galilean is an inhabitant of Galilee. The New Testament notes that the Apostle Peter's accent gave him away as a Galilean (Matthew 26:73 and Mark 14:70). The Galilean dialect referred to in the New Testament
New Testament
was a form of Jewish Palestinian Aramaic spoken by people in Galilee
Galilee
from the late Second Temple period
Second Temple period
(530 BCE) through the Apostolic Age
Apostolic Age
(c. 100 CE). Later the term was used to refer to the early Christians by Roman emperors Julian and Marcus Aurelius, among others.

Contents

1 The Galilee
Galilee
up until the time of Jesus 2 Other meanings 3 See also 4 References

The Galilee
Galilee
up until the time of Jesus[edit] After some early expeditions to Galilee
Galilee
to save the Jews there from attack, the Hasmonean
Hasmonean
rulers conquered Galilee
Galilee
and added it to their kingdom. The Galilean Jews were conscious of a mutual descent, religion and ethnicity that they shared with the Judeans. However, there were numerous cultural differences.[1] The Pharisaic scholars of Judaism, centered in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
and Judea, found the Galileans to be insufficiently concerned about the details of Jewish observance – for example, the rules of Sabbath rest. The Talmud
Talmud
says that Yohanan ben Zakkai, a great Pharisee
Pharisee
of the first century, was assigned to a post in Galilee
Galilee
during his training. In eighteen years he was asked only two questions of Jewish law, causing him to lament "O Galilee, O Galilee, in the end you shall be filled with wrongdoers!"[2] The material culture of the 1st century Galilee
Galilee
indicates adherence to the Jewish ritual purity concerns. Stone vessels (which were required by Jewish dietary purity laws) are ubiquitous and mikvehs have been uncovered in most Galilean sites, particularly around synagogues and private houses.[3] The Pharisaic criticism of Galileans is mirrored in the New Testament, in which Galilean religious passion is compared favorably against the minute concerns of Judean
Judean
legal scholars, see for example Woes of the Pharisees. This was the heart of a friendly "crosstown" rivalry existing between Galilean Zealots and Judean
Judean
Pharisees. During the Great Rebellion (66-70 CE) the Galileans and Idumeans were the most adamant fighters against Rome; they fought the Romans to the death when many Judeans were ready to accept peace terms. Unlike the Judeans and the Idumean, the Galileans survived until the 1930s in the village of Peki'in, after which the Jews were expelled to Hadera by the Arab riots. Until 500 years ago, Peki'in
Peki'in
had a Jewish majority and in Medieval times, Galilean Jews had presence in many villages such as Kafr Yassif, Biriyya, Alma, and more. Other meanings[edit] Galileans (or Galilæans) were also the members of a fanatical sect (Zealots), followers of Judas of Galilee, who fiercely resented the taxation of the Romans, and whose violence contributed to induce the Romans to vow the extermination of the whole Galilean race.[4] Galilean, as an adjective, describes some aspects of mathematics or astronomy associated with Galileo: see for example Galilean moons
Galilean moons
and Galilean transformation. Galileans are also a fictional race of living planets in the Ben 10 universe that possess the ability to manipulate gravity. The most notable member of this species is Gravattack. See also[edit]

Galilee Musta'arabi Jews

References[edit]

^ Archaeology and the Galilean Jesus: A Re-examination of the Evidence, A&C Black, 1 May 2002, By Jonathan L. Reed, page 55 ^ Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Talmud
Talmud
Shabbat
Shabbat
16:7, 15d ^ Archaeology and the Galilean Jesus: A Re-examination of the Evidence, A&C Black, 1 May 2002, By Jonathan L. Reed, page 56 ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Wood, James, ed. (1907). "Galilæans". The Nuttall Encyclopædia. London and New York: Frederick

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