The Info List - G7 Forum

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(2018 host)

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau


President Emmanuel Macron


Chancellor Angela Merkel


Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni


Prime Minister Shinzō Abe

 United Kingdom

Prime Minister Theresa May

 United States

President Donald Trump

 European Union

Council President Donald Tusk Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker

The Group of Seven
Group of Seven
or G7 is a group consisting of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and the United States. These countries, with the 7 largest advanced economies in the world,[1] represent more than 62% of the global net wealth ($280 trillion)[2]. The G7 countries also represent 46% of the global nominal GDP evaluated at market exchange rates and 32% of the global purchasing power parity GDP.[3] The European Union
European Union
is also represented at the G7 summit. The 43rd G7 summit
43rd G7 summit
was held in Taormina
(ME), Italy
in May 2017.


1 History 2 Early function 3 Work 4 List of summits

4.1 Leaders

5 Country leaders and EU representatives, as of 2018

5.1 Member country data 5.2 Member facts

6 Protests 7 See also 8 References 9 External links


Flags of G7 members as seen on University Avenue (Toronto).

G7 leaders during the 2014 emergency meeting about the Russian annexation of Crimea, hosted by the Netherlands.

The concept of a forum for the world's major industrialized countries emerged prior to the 1973 oil crisis. On Sunday, 25 March 1973, the U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, George Shultz, convened an informal gathering of finance ministers from West Germany
(Helmut Schmidt), France
(Valéry Giscard d'Estaing), and the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(Anthony Barber) before an upcoming meeting in Washington, D.C.. When running the idea past President Nixon, he noted that he would be out of town and offered use of the White House; the meeting was subsequently held in the library on the ground floor.[4] Taking their name from the setting, this original group of four became known as the "Library Group".[5] In mid-1973, at the World Bank- IMF
meetings, Shultz proposed the addition of Japan
to the original four nations, who agreed.[6] The informal gathering of senior financial officials from the United States, the United Kingdom, West Germany, Japan, and France became known as the "Group of Five"[7] Later, a 1975 summit hosted by France
brought together representatives of six governments: France, West Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States, Schmidt and Giscard d'Estaing were heads of government in their respective countries, and since they both spoke fluent English, it occurred to them that they, and British Prime Minister Harold Wilson
Harold Wilson
and U.S. President Gerald Ford
Gerald Ford
could get together in an informal retreat and discuss election results and the issues of the day. In late spring, d'Estaing of France
invited the heads of government from West Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States
United States
to a summit in Château de Rambouillet[8]; the annual meeting of the six leaders was organized under a rotating presidency, forming the Group of Six
Group of Six
(G6). In 1976, with Wilson out as prime minister of Britain, Schmidt and Gerald Ford felt an English speaker with more experience was needed, so Canada's Pierre Trudeau
Pierre Trudeau
was invited to join the group[9] and the group became the Group of Seven
Group of Seven
(G7)[8]. Since first invited by the United Kingdom in 1977 the European Union
European Union
has been represented by the president of the European Commission, and the leader of the country that holds the presidency of the Council of the European Union[10] and the Council President now also regularly attends. Until the 1985 Plaza Accord
Plaza Accord
no one outside a tight official circle knew when the seven finance ministers met and what they agreed. The summit was announced the day before and a communiqué was issued afterwards.[11] Following 1994's G7 summit in Naples, Russian officials held separate meetings with leaders of the G7 after the group's summits. This informal arrangement was dubbed the Political 8 (P8) – or, colloquially, the G7+1. At the invitation of Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Tony Blair
Tony Blair
and President of the United States
United States
Bill Clinton,[12] Russian President Boris Yeltsin
Boris Yeltsin
was invited first as a guest observer, later as a full participant. After the 1997 meeting Russia
was formally invited to the next meeting and formally joined the group in 1998, resulting in a new governmental political forum, the Group of Eight
Group of Eight
or G8.[8] Russia
in fact had and has limited net national wealth and financial weight, compared to the other members of the forum G7. Russia
also hasn't ever been a major advanced economy according to IMF.[13][14] However Russia
was ejected from the G8 political forum in March 2014 following the Russian annexation of Crimea.[15] Early function[edit] The organization was founded to facilitate shared macroeconomic initiatives by its members in response to the collapse of the exchange rate 1971, during the time of the Nixon Shock, the 1970s energy crisis and the ensuing recession.[16] Work[edit]












Host venues of G7 summits in North America


3rd, 10th, 17th

4th, 11th

6th, 13th



















Host venues of G7 summits in Europe

5th, 12th, 19th




Host venues of G7 summits in Japan

Since 1975, the group meets annually on summit site to discuss economic policies; since 1987, the G7 Finance Ministers have met at least semi-annually, up to 4 times a year at stand-alone meetings.[17] In 1996, the G7 launched an initiative for the 42 heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC).[18] In 1999, the G7 decided to get more directly involved in "managing the international monetary system" through the Financial Stability Forum, formed earlier in 1999 and the G-20, established following the summit, to "promote dialogue between major industrial and emerging market countries".[19] The G7 also announced their plan to cancel 90% of bilateral, and multilateral debt for the HIPC, totaling $100 billion. In 2005 the G7 announced debt reductions of "up to 100%" to be negotiated on a "case by case" basis.[20] In 2008 the G7 met twice in Washington, D.C. to discuss the global financial crisis of 2007–2008[21] and in February 2009 in Rome.[22][23] The group of finance ministers pledged to take "all necessary steps" to stem the crisis.[24] On 2 March 2014, the G7 condemned the "Russian Federation's violation of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine."[25] The G7 stated "that the International Monetary Fund
International Monetary Fund
(IMF) remains the institution best prepared to help Ukraine address its immediate economic challenges through policy advice and financing, conditioned on needed reforms", and that the G7 was "committed to mobilize rapid technical assistance to support Ukraine in addressing its macroeconomic, regulatory and anti-corruption challenges."[25] On 24 March 2014, the G7 convened an emergency meeting in response to the Russian Federation's annexation of Crimea
at the official residence of the Prime Minister of the Netherlands, the Catshuis
in The Hague. This location was chosen because all G7 leaders were already present to attend the 2014 Nuclear Security Summit
2014 Nuclear Security Summit
hosted by the Netherlands. This was the first G7 meeting neither taking place in a member nation nor having the host leader participating in the meeting.[26] On 4 June 2014 leaders at the G7 summit in Brussels, condemned Moscow for its "continuing violation" of Ukraine's sovereignty, in their joint statement and stated they were prepared to impose further sanctions on Russia.[27] This meeting was the first since Russia
was expelled from the group G8 following its annexation of Crimea
in March.[27] The annual G7 leaders summit is attended by the heads of government.[28] The member country holding the G7 presidency is responsible for organizing and hosting the year's summit. The serial annual summits can be parsed chronologically in arguably distinct ways, including as the sequence of host countries for the summits has recurred over time and series.[29] Generally every country hosts summit every 7 years.[30] List of summits[edit]

Date Host Host leader Location held Website Notes

1st 15–17 November 1975  France Valéry Giscard d'Estaing Château de Rambouillet, District of the Paris

G6 Summit

2nd 27–28 June 1976  United States Gerald R. Ford Dorado, Puerto Rico[31]

Also called " Rambouillet
II". Canada
joined the group, forming the G7[31]

3rd 7–8 May 1977  United Kingdom James Callaghan London, England

The President of the European Commission
President of the European Commission
was invited to join the annual G7 summits

4th 16–17 July 1978  West Germany Helmut Schmidt Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia

5th 28–29 June 1979  Japan Masayoshi Ōhira Tokyo

6th 22–23 June 1980  Italy Francesco Cossiga Venice, Veneto

Prime Minister Ōhira died in office on 12 June; Foreign Minister Saburō Ōkita led the delegation which represented Japan.

7th 20–21 July 1981  Canada Pierre E. Trudeau Montebello, Quebec

8th 4–6 June 1982  France François Mitterrand Versailles, Île-de-France

9th 28–30 May 1983  United States Ronald Reagan Williamsburg, Virginia

10th 7–9 June 1984  United Kingdom Margaret Thatcher London, England

11th 2–4 May 1985  West Germany Helmut Kohl Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia

12th 4–6 May 1986  Japan Yasuhiro Nakasone Tokyo

13th 8–10 June 1987  Italy Amintore Fanfani Venice, Veneto

14th 19–21 June 1988  Canada Brian Mulroney Toronto, Ontario

15th 14–16 July 1989  France François Mitterrand Paris, Île-de-France

16th 9–11 July 1990  United States George H. W. Bush Houston, Texas

17th 15–17 July 1991  United Kingdom John Major London, England

18th 6–8 July 1992  Germany Helmut Kohl Munich, Bavaria

19th 7–9 July 1993  Japan Kiichi Miyazawa Tokyo

20th 8–10 July 1994  Italy Silvio Berlusconi Naples, Campania

21st 15–17 June 1995  Canada Jean Chrétien Halifax, Nova Scotia [32]

22nd 27–29 June 1996  France Jacques Chirac Lyon, Rhône-Alpes

International organizations' debut to G7 Summits periodically. The invited ones here were: United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund and the World Trade Organization.[33]

23rd 20–22 June 1997  United States Bill Clinton Denver, Colorado [34] Russia
joins the group, forming G8

24th 15–17 May 1998  United Kingdom Tony Blair Birmingham, West Midlands [35]

25th 18–20 June 1999  Germany Gerhard Schröder Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia [36] First Summit of the G-20 major economies
G-20 major economies
at Berlin

26th 21–23 July 2000  Japan Yoshiro Mori Nago, Okinawa [37] Formation of the G8+5
starts, when South Africa
South Africa
was invited. Until the 38th G8 summit
38th G8 summit
in 2012, it has been invited to the Summit annually without interruption. Also, with permission from a G8 leader, other nations were invited to the Summit on a periodical basis for the first time. Nigeria, Algeria and Senegal accepted their invitations here. The World Health Organization
World Health Organization
was also invited for the first time.[33]

27th 20–22 July 2001  Italy Silvio Berlusconi Genoa, Liguria [38] Leaders from Bangladesh, Mali and El Salvador accepted their invitations here.[33] Demonstrator Carlo Giuliani
Carlo Giuliani
is shot and killed by police during a violent demonstration. One of the largest and most violent anti-globalization movement protests occurred for the 27th G8 summit.[39] Following those events and the September 11 attacks
September 11 attacks
two months later in 2001, the G8 have met at more remote locations.

28th 26–27 June 2002  Canada Jean Chrétien Kananaskis, Alberta [40] Russia
gains permission to officially host a G8 Summit.

29th 2–3 June 2003  France Jacques Chirac Évian-les-Bains, Rhône-Alpes

The G8+5
was unofficially made, when China, India, Brazil, and Mexico were invited to this Summit for the first time. South Africa
South Africa
has joined the G8 Summit, since 2000, until the 2012 edition. Other first-time nations that were invited by the French president included: Egypt, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia and Switzerland.[33]

30th 8–10 June 2004  United States George W. Bush Sea Island, Georgia [41] A record number of leaders from 12 different nations accepted their invitations here. Amongst a couple of veteran nations, the others were: Ghana, Afghanistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Turkey, Yemen and Uganda.[33] Also, the state funeral of former President Ronald Reagan took place in Washington during the summit.

31st 6–8 July 2005  United Kingdom Tony Blair Gleneagles, Scotland [42] The G8+5
was officially formed. On the second day of the meeting, suicide bombers killed 52 people on the London
Underground and a bus. Nations that were invited for the first time were Ethiopia and Tanzania. The African Union
African Union
and the International Energy Agency
International Energy Agency
made their debut here.[33] During the 31st G8 summit
31st G8 summit
in United Kingdom, 225,000 people took to the streets of Edinburgh as part of the Make Poverty History campaign calling for Trade Justice, Debt Relief and Better Aid. Numerous other demonstrations also took place challenging the legitimacy of the G8.[43]

32nd 15–17 July 2006   Russia
(only G8 member, not G7)[44] Vladimir Putin Strelna, Saint Petersburg

First G8 Summit on Russian soil. Also, the International Atomic Energy Agency and UNESCO
made their debut here.[33]

33rd 6–8 June 2007  Germany Angela Merkel Heiligendamm, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

Seven different international organizations accepted their invitations to this Summit. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the Commonwealth of Independent States
Commonwealth of Independent States
made their debut here.[33]

34th 7–9 July 2008  Japan Yasuo Fukuda Tōyako, Hokkaidō [45] Nations that accepted their G8 Summit invitations for the first time are: Australia, Indonesia and South Korea.[33]

35th 8–10 July 2009  Italy Silvio Berlusconi La Maddalena, Sardinia
(cancelled) L'Aquila, Abruzzo
(re-located)[46] [2] This G8 Summit was originally planned to be in La Maddalena (Sardinia), but was moved to L'Aquila
as a way of showing Prime Minister Berlusconi's desire to help the region after the 2009 L'Aquila
earthquake. Nations that accepted their invitations for the first time were: Angola, Denmark, Netherlands and Spain.[47] A record of ten international organizations were represented in this G8 Summit. For the first time, the Food and Agriculture Organization, the International Fund for Agricultural Development, the World Food Programme, and the International Labour Organization
International Labour Organization
accepted their invitations.[48]

36th 25–26 June 2010[49]  Canada Stephen Harper Huntsville, Ontario[50] [51] Malawi, Colombia, Haiti, and Jamaica accepted their invitations for the first time.[52]

37th 26–27 May 2011  France Nicolas Sarkozy Deauville,[53][54] Lower Normandy

Guinea, Niger, Côte d'Ivoire and Tunisia accepted their invitations for the first time. Also, the League of Arab States made its debut to the meeting.[55]

38th 18–19 May 2012  United States Barack Obama Chicago, Illinois
(cancelled) Camp David, Maryland

The summit was originally planned for Chicago, along with the NATO summit, but it was announced officially on 5 March 2012, that the G8 summit will be held at the more private location of Camp David
Camp David
and at one day earlier than previously scheduled.[57] Also, this is the second G8 summit, in which one of the leaders, Vladimir Putin, declined to participate. This G8 summit concentrated on the core leaders only; no non-G8 leaders or international organizations were invited.

39th 17–18 June 2013  United Kingdom David Cameron Lough Erne, County Fermanagh[58] [3] As in 2012, only the core members of the G8 attended this meeting. The four main topics that were discussed here were trade, government transparency, tackling tax evasion, and the ongoing Syrian crisis.[59]

40th 4–5 June 2014  European Union Herman Van Rompuy José Manuel Barroso Brussels, Belgium
(re-located from Sochi, Russia)

G7 summit as an alternative meeting without Russia
in 2014 due to association with Crimean crisis.[60] The 2014 G8 summit in Sochi
was cancelled and re-located to Brussels, Belgium
without Russia.[61] Emergency meeting in March 2014 in The Hague.

41st 7–8 June 2015  Germany Angela Merkel Schloss Elmau, Bavaria[62] [4] Summit dedicated to focus on the global economy as well as on key issues regarding foreign, security and development policy.[63] The Global Apollo Programme was also on the agenda.[64]

42nd 26–27 May 2016[65][66]  Japan Shinzō Abe Shima, Mie
Shima, Mie
Prefecture[67] [5] The G7 leaders aim to address challenges affecting the growth of the world economy, like slowdowns in emerging markets and drops in price of oil. The G7 also issued a warning on the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that "a UK exit from the EU would reverse the trend towards greater global trade and investment, and the jobs they create and is a further serious risk to growth".[68] Commitment to an EU– Japan
Free Trade Agreement.

43rd 26–27 May 2017[69]  Italy Paolo Gentiloni Taormina, Sicily[70] [6] G7 leaders emphasized common endeavours: to end the Syrian crisis, to fulfill the UN mission in Libya and reducing the presence of ISIS, ISIL and Da'esh in Syria and Iraq. North Korea was urged to comply with UN resolutions, Russian responsibility was stressed for Ukrainian conflict. Supporting economic activity and ensuring price stability was demanded while inequalities in trade and gender were called to be challenged. It was agreed to help countries in creating conditions that address the drivers of migration: ending hunger, increasing competitiveness and advancing global health security.[71]

44th 8–9 June 2018  Canada[72] Justin Trudeau La Malbaie, Quebec [7] To be held at the Manoir Richelieu. Prime Minister Trudeau announced five themes for Canada’s G7 presidency which began in January 2018. Under the “Working together on climate change, oceans and clean energy” theme, Canada
is hosting domestic and international discussions to advance priorities specifically focusing on oceans. These discussions will bring together experts to discuss challenges and opportunities both domestically and internationally, to move toward zero plastic waste and mitigating marine plastic litter, including microplastics.[73]

45th TBD, 2019  France[74] Emmanuel Macron TBD

46th TBD, 2020  United States[74] Donald Trump TBD

47th TBD, 2021  United Kingdom[75] Theresa May TBD




Minister of Finance

Central Bank Governor

Canada Prime Minister Justin Trudeau Minister of Finance Bill Morneau Stephen Poloz

France President Emmanuel Macron Minister of the Economy Bruno Le Maire François Villeroy de Galhau

Prime Minister Édouard Philippe

Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel Minister of Finance Peter Altmaier Jens Weidmann

Italy Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni Minister of Economy and Finance Pier Carlo Padoan Ignazio Visco

Japan Prime Minister Shinzō Abe Minister of Finance Tarō Asō Haruhiko Kuroda

United Kingdom Prime Minister Theresa May Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Hammond Mark Carney

United States President Donald Trump Secretary of the Treasury Steven Mnuchin Jerome Powell

European Union Council President[76] Donald Tusk Commissioner for Economic and Monetary Affairs and the Euro Jyrki Katainen Mario Draghi

Commission President[76] Jean-Claude Juncker

Country leaders and EU representatives, as of 2018[edit]

Canada Justin Trudeau, Prime Minister

France Emmanuel Macron, President

Germany Angela Merkel, Chancellor

Italy Paolo Gentiloni, Prime Minister

Japan Shinzō Abe, Prime Minister

United Kingdom Theresa May, Prime Minister

United States Donald Trump, President

European Union Donald Tusk, President of the European Council

European Union Jean-Claude Juncker, President of the European Commission

Member country data[edit]

Member Trade mil. USD (2014) Nom. GDP mil. USD (2014)[77] PPP GDP mil. USD (2014)[77] Nom. GDP per capita USD (2014)[77] PPP GDP per capita USD (2014)[77] HDI (2015) Population (2014) Permanent members of UN Security Council DAC OECD Economic classification (IMF)[78]

Canada 947,200 1,785,387 1,595,975 50,304 44,967 0.913 35,467,000 N Y Y Advanced

France 1,212,300 2,833,687 2,591,170 44,332 40,538 0.888 63,951,000 Y Y Y Advanced

Germany 2,866,600 3,874,437 3,748,094 47,774 46,216 0.916 80,940,000 N Y Y Advanced

Italy 948,600 2,167,744 2,135,359 35,335 35,131 0.873 60,665 551 N Y Y Advanced

Japan 1,522,400 4,602,367 4,767,157 36,222 37,519 0.891 127,061,000 N Y Y Advanced

United Kingdom 1,189,400 2,950,039 2,569,218 45,729 39,826 0.907 64,511,000 Y Y Y Advanced

United States 3,944,000 17,348,075 17,348,075 54,370 54,370 0.915 318,523,000 Y Y Y Advanced

European Union 4,485,000 18,527,116 18,640,411 36,645 36,869 0.865 505,570,700 N/A Y N/A N/A

The G7 is composed of the seven wealthiest advanced countries. The People's Republic of China, according to its data, would be the second-largest (10.3% of the world net wealth) in the world,[79], but is excluded because the IMF
and other main global institutions do not consider China
an advanced country because of its relatively low net wealth per adult and its not major advanced economy.[80][81] As of 2017 Crédit Suisse
Crédit Suisse
reports the G7 (without the European Union) represents above 62% of the global net wealth.[82] Including the EU the G7 represents over 70% of the global net wealth.[83] Member facts[edit]

7 of the 7 top-ranked advanced economies with the current largest GDP and with the highest national wealth (United States, Japan, Germany, UK, France, Italy, Canada).[84] 7 of the 15 top-ranked countries with the highest net wealth per capita (United States, France, Japan, United Kingdom, Italy, Canada, Germany). 7 of 10 top-ranked leading export countries.[85] 5 of 10 top-ranked countries with the largest gold reserves (United States, Germany, Italy, France, Japan). 7 of 10 top-ranked economies (by nominal GDP), according to latest (2016 data) International Monetary Fund's statistics. 5 countries with a nominal GDP per capita above US$40,000 (United States, Canada, Germany, United Kingdom, France). 4 countries with a sovereign wealth fund, administered by either a national or a state/provincial government (United States, France, Canada, Italy).[86] 7 of 30 top-ranked nations with large amounts of foreign-exchange reserves in their central banks. 3 out of 9 countries having nuclear weapons (France, UK, United States),[87][88] plus 2 countries that have nuclear weapon sharing programs (Germany, Italy).[89][90] 6 of the 9 largest nuclear energy producers (United States, France, Japan, Germany, Canada, UK), although Germany
announced in 2011 that it will close all of its nuclear power plants by 2022.[91] Following the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, Japan
shut down all of its nuclear reactors.[92] However, Japan
restarted several nuclear reactors, with the refueling of other reactors underway. 7 of the 10 top donors to the UN budget for the 2016 annual fiscal year. 5 countries with a HDI index for 2016 of 0.9 and higher (United States, Germany, United Kingdom, Canada, Japan). 2 countries with the highest credit rating from Standard & Poor's, Fitch, and Moody's at the same time ( Canada
and Germany).[93] 3 countries are constitutional monarchies (United Kingdom, Canada, Japan), 2 are presidential republics (France, United States) and the other 2 are parliamentary republics ( Germany
and Italy).

Protests[edit] In 2015, despite Germany's immense efforts to prevent it and despite the remote location of the summit, the luxury hotel Schloss Elmau
Schloss Elmau
at the foot of the Wetterstein mountains at an altitude of 1008 m above sea level, about 300 of the 7500 peaceful protesters led by the group 'Stop-G7' managed to reach the 3 m high and 7 km long security fence surrounding the summit location. The protesters questioned the legitimation of the G7 to make decisions that could affect the whole world. Authorities had banned demonstrations in the closer area of the summit location and 20,000 policemen were on duty in Southern Bavaria to keep activists and protesters from interfering with the summit.[94][95] See also[edit]

National wealth Big Four NATO
Quint Group of Eight Group of 15 G20 Group of Thirty Developed country List of country groupings List of multilateral free-trade agreements


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Group of Seven
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See also

G-20 G-2 OECD

Category Multimedia

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G6 / G7 / G8 summits


1975 1st G6 summit
1st G6 summit


1976 2nd G7 summit
2nd G7 summit
(Dorado) 1977 3rd G7 summit
3rd G7 summit
(London) 1978 4th G7 summit
4th G7 summit
(Bonn) 1979 5th G7 summit
5th G7 summit
(Tokyo) 1980 6th G7 summit
6th G7 summit
(Venice) 1981 7th G7 summit
7th G7 summit
(Montebello) 1982 8th G7 summit
8th G7 summit
(Versailles) 1983 9th G7 summit
9th G7 summit
(Williamsburg) 1984 10th G7 summit
10th G7 summit
(London) 1985 11th G7 summit
11th G7 summit
(Bonn) 1986 12th G7 summit
12th G7 summit
(Tokyo) 1987 13th G7 summit
13th G7 summit
(Venice) 1988 14th G7 summit
14th G7 summit
(Toronto) 1989 15th G7 summit
15th G7 summit
(Grande Arche) 1990 16th G7 summit
16th G7 summit
(Houston) 1991 1 7th G7 summit
7th G7 summit
(London) 1992 1 8th G7 summit
8th G7 summit
(Munich) 1993 1 9th G7 summit
9th G7 summit
(Tokyo) 1994 20th G7 summit
20th G7 summit
(Naples) 1995 21st G7 summit
21st G7 summit
(Halifax) 1996 2 2nd G7 summit
2nd G7 summit


1997 23rd G8 summit
23rd G8 summit
(Denver) 1998 24th G8 summit
24th G8 summit
(Birmingham) 1999 25th G8 summit
25th G8 summit
(Cologne) 2000 26th G8 summit
26th G8 summit
(Kyusyu-Okinawa) 2001 27th G8 summit
27th G8 summit
(Genoa) 2002 28th G8 summit
28th G8 summit
(Kananaskis) 2003 29th G8 summit
29th G8 summit
(Évian-les-Bains) 2004 30th G8 summit
30th G8 summit
(Sea Island) 2005 31st G8 summit
31st G8 summit
(Gleneagles) 2006 32nd G8 summit
32nd G8 summit
(Saint Petersburg) 2007 33rd G8 summit
33rd G8 summit
(Heiligendamm) 2008 34th G8 summit
34th G8 summit
(Hokkaido-Toyako) 2009 35th G8 summit
35th G8 summit
(L'Aquila) 2010 36th G8 summit
36th G8 summit
(Huntsville) 2011 37th G8 summit
37th G8 summit
(Deauville) 2012 38th G8 summit
38th G8 summit
(Camp David) 2013 39th G8 summit
39th G8 summit
(Lough Erne)


2014 40th G7 summit (Brussels) 2015 41st G7 summit
41st G7 summit
(Schloss Elmau) 2016 4 2nd G7 summit
2nd G7 summit
(Ise-Shima) 2017 43rd G7 summit
43rd G7 summit
(Taormina) 2018 4 4th G7 summit
4th G7 summit
(La Malbaie)

v t e

Power in international relations


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Composite Index of National Capability Comprehensive National Power

Organizations and groups by region or regions affected


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(ASEAN) China–Japan–South Korea trilateral summits Economic Cooperation Organization
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South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
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Shanghai Cooperation Organisation


Council of Europe
Council of Europe
(CE) European Union
European Union
(EU) Nordic Council Visegrád Group


Commonwealth of Independent States
Commonwealth of Independent States
(CIS) Collective Security Treaty Organization
Collective Security Treaty Organization
(CSTO) Economic Cooperation Organization
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(ECO) Eurasian Economic Union
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(EaEU) Turkic Council

North America–Europe

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Arctic Council


Union for the Mediterranean

Africa–South America

South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone


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United States
Security Treaty (ANZUS) Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
(APEC) Melanesian Spearhead Group
Melanesian Spearhead Group
(MSG) Pacific Islands Forum
Pacific Islands Forum
(PIF) Polynesian Leaders Group
Polynesian Leaders Group


Brazil–Russia–India–China– South Africa
South Africa
(BRICS) Commonwealth of Nations Francophonie Colombia–Indonesia–Vietnam–Egypt–Turkey–South Africa (CIVETS) E7 E9 G4 G7 G8 G8+5 G20 G24 G77 India–Brazil– South Africa
South Africa
Dialogue Forum (IBSA) Mexico–Indonesia–Nigeria–Turkey (MINT) Next Eleven
Next Eleven
(N-11) Non-Aligned Movement
Non-Aligned Movement
(NAM) Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
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(OECD) Uniting for Consensus


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United Nations

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