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The Funj are an ethnic group in present-day Sudan. The Funj set up the Funj Sultanate of Sinnar
Funj Sultanate of Sinnar
with Abdallah Jamma and ruled the area for several centuries. The origins of the Funj are not clearly known. However, there are three different hypotheses regarding their origin. The most cited and known origin for the Funj is that they are descendants of Banu Umayya, who escaped the slaughter of the Abbasids
Abbasids
by fleeing into Abyssinia and moving inward in to the Nubian territory who had been known in Arabia
Arabia
since ancient times to protect guests and refugees. The second hypothesis comes from James Bruce, who theorized in his book Travels to Discover the Source of the Nile that the Funj descend from the Shilluk people. James Bruce wrote his book after 22 years of travel through North Africa
North Africa
and Ethiopia. The third hypothesis is that they are descents of the remnants of the Kingdom of Alodia
Alodia
Nubians
Nubians
who escaped further south to replenish their supplies and resources and returned to establish their state. The most cited source in Sudan
Sudan
is that they are Nubians
Nubians
who mixed with Arabs. References[edit]

External links[edit]

 "Funj". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911. 

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