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Friar
Friar
Tuck is a companion to Robin Hood
Robin Hood
in the legends about that character.

Contents

1 History 2 Portrayals in other media 3 Cultural references 4 References 5 External links

History[edit] Tuck is a common character in modern Robin Hood
Robin Hood
stories, which depict him as a jovial friar and one of Robin's Merry Men. The figure of Tuck was common in the May Games festivals of England
England
and Scotland
Scotland
during the 15th through 17th centuries. He appears as a character in the fragment of a Robin Hood
Robin Hood
play from 1475, sometimes called Robin Hood and the Knight or Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Sheriff, and a play for the May games published in 1560 which tells a story similar to Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Curtal Friar. (The oldest surviving copy of this ballad is from the 17th century.) It has often been argued[by whom?] that the character entered the tradition through these folk plays, and that he may have originally been partnered with Maid Marian[citation needed]. His appearance in " Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Sheriff" means that he was already part of the legend around the time when the earliest surviving copies of the Robin Hood
Robin Hood
ballads were being made. A friar with Robin's band in the historical period of Richard the Lion-Hearted would have been impossible because the period predates friars in England
England
(but see Eustace the Monk, a medieval outlaw); however, the association of the Robin Hood
Robin Hood
with Richard I
Richard I
was not made until the 16th century; the early ballad A Gest of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
names his king as "Edward". What follows is a story which includes different versions of the legend. He was a former monk of Fountains Abbey
Fountains Abbey
(or in some cases, St Mary's Abbey in York, which is also the scene of some other Robin Hood tales) who was expelled by his order because of his lack of respect for authority. Because of this, and in spite of his taste for good food and wine, he became the chaplain of Robin's band. In Howard Pyle's The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood, he was specifically sought out as part of the tale of Alan-a-Dale: Robin has need of a priest who will marry Allan to his sweetheart in defiance of the Bishop of Hereford.[1] In many tales, from " Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Curtal Friar" to The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood, his first encounter with Robin results in a battle of wits in which first one and then the other gains the upper hand and forces the other to carry him across a river. This ends in the Friar
Friar
tossing Robin into the river. In some tales, he is depicted as a physically fit man and a skilled swordsman and archer with a hot-headed temper. However, most commonly, Tuck is depicted as a fat, bald, and jovial monk with a great love of food and ale, though the two are not mutually exclusive. Sometimes, the latter depiction of Tuck is the comic relief of the tale. Two royal writs in 1417 refer to Robert Stafford, a Sussex
Sussex
chaplain who had assumed the alias of Frere Tuk. This " Friar
Friar
Tuck" was still at large in 1429. These are the earliest surviving references to a character by that name. Portrayals in other media[edit]

Friar
Friar
Tuck meets the disguised Richard the Lionheart
Richard the Lionheart
in Sir Walter Scott's Ivanhoe.

In the 1891 romantic opera Ivanhoe
Ivanhoe
by Sir Arthur Sullivan
Arthur Sullivan
and Julian Sturgis, Friar
Friar
Tuck was played by Avon Saxon. In the movie, The Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1938) the character Friar Tuck was played by actor Eugene Pallette
Eugene Pallette
as a fat individual fond of food but also skilled with a sword. He was also quick to quarrel with anyone who slighted him, deprived him of his food or made fun of his girth. In the late 1950s British television series The Adventures of Robin Hood, he was played by Alexander Gauge as a fat friar a tad too devoted to good eating. He is also clearly devoted to the Church and the poor people he serves, using his wits in order to spare them unjust taxes, provide them education or shelter them from harm. He often uses the power and rights of the Church to good effect against the forces of the Sheriff. The 1958 Merrie Melodies
Merrie Melodies
animated short Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Daffy featured Porky Pig
Porky Pig
as a "fat friar", who sought Robin Hood, but refused to believe Daffy Duck
Daffy Duck
was the legendary outlaw. At the end of the cartoon, Daffy becomes " Friar
Friar
Duck". In the 1966 television series Rocket Robin Hood, Friar
Friar
Tuck is again depicted as a traditional fat friar with a tonsure, despite the story taking place in the year 3000. Friar
Friar
Tuck is memorable for a vignette that played during each episode depicting him in front of a large feast, taking a single bite of each piece of food on the table before throwing it over his shoulder. The veteran character actor James Hayter played Friar
Friar
Tuck twice: in The Story of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and His Merrie Men (1952) and A Challenge for Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1967). In the 1973 Disney
Disney
animated Robin Hood, Friar
Friar
Tuck is a badger, voiced by Andy Devine. He is taken to be executed at the end of the film in a plot of Prince John's to lure Robin Hood
Robin Hood
out of hiding. He is rescued in time. In the British Robin of Sherwood TV series of the 1980s, Friar
Friar
Tuck was played by Phil Rose. In this version, the character reluctantly served the Sheriff of Nottingham's brother, an evil abbot, and also served as Maid Marian's confessor. He helped Marian escape and joined the band alongside her. In Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves, Tuck was played by Mike McShane, drawing heavily on the overweight, ale-loving interpretation. The Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
movie Robin Hood: Men in Tights parodies the character as " Rabbi
Rabbi
Tuckman," a self-described "purveyor of sacramental wine and mohel extraordinaire." Brooks, who also plays the character, made Tuckman Jewish (as Brooks himself is Jewish), reprising a gag from Blazing Saddles
Blazing Saddles
where Brooks made a cameo as a Jewish Native American. In the video game Robin Hood: The Legend
Legend
of Sherwood, Tuck was once again portrayed as Marian's confessor. He joins the band at her request. His enjoyment of alcohol is in the game as one of his abilities involves leaving beer flasks to intoxicate the guards. In the 1991 film adaptation Robin Hood, Friar
Friar
Tuck (played by Jeff Nuttall) is portrayed as an itinerant seller of phony relics, who is first mugged and then adopted by the Merry Men. He also confesses to being on the run for killing the nephew of an abbot. In the 2004 Dreamworks
Dreamworks
film Shrek 2
Shrek 2
the Fairy Godmother and Prince Charming take King Harold to a fast food restaurant called "Friar's Fat Boy". This is a parody of the American restaurant chain Bob's Big Boy and features a statue of Friar
Friar
Tuck outside of the restaurant similar to the famous Big Boy statue from its real life inspiration. The fictional restaurant returns again in the 2005 Activision published videogame Shrek Super Slam
Shrek Super Slam
as a fighting location. The game even features theme music for the restaurant, which plays in the background of the fight. Friar
Friar
Tuck is called Brother and later Father Tuck in Angus Donald's Outlaw Chronicles series - so named as "there were no friars in England
England
at that time";[2] consisting of Outlaw (2009), Holy Warrior (2010), and King's Man
King's Man
(2011). The first appearance of Tuck (in this case, not an anachronistic Friar) in the BBC show Robin Hood
Robin Hood
came in 2009 during its third series. After Robin was hurled over a ravine by Guy of Gisbourne, Tuck finds Robin further downstream. Tuck distracts Guy from the cave he is treating Robin in after Guy is told to look for Robin's body, thus saving Robin's life. He is played by David Harewood
David Harewood
and portrayed as African. Mark Addy
Mark Addy
plays Friar
Friar
Tuck in Ridley Scott's Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(2010). In the film, his hobby is beekeeping, which he uses to make mead and as a weapon against the French. Data impersonates Friar
Friar
Tuck in episode named Qpid (1991) from Gene Roddenberry's Star Trek: The Next Generation series (4th season, episode 20). Friar
Friar
Tuck goes by the name "Brother Tooke" in Azlander- Second Nature (2012) by Gabriel Brunsdon. He was portrayed by Trevor Cooper in the Doctor Who
Doctor Who
Series 8 episode, Robot of Sherwood. In the VeggieTales
VeggieTales
show, Robin Good and His Not-So-Merry Men, Archibald Asparagus portrays a version of him named Friar
Friar
Cluck. Cultural references[edit] A pattern in the dermatologic disease trichotillomania (compulsive pulling out of scalp hair) has been named after this character[3] References[edit]

^ Michael Patrick Hearn, "Afterword", Howard Pyle
Howard Pyle
The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood, p 384 ISBN 0-451-52007-6 ^ Roberts, Martin (2010-07-14). "Novelist reinvents Robin Hood
Robin Hood
as medieval gangster Reuters". In.reuters.com. Retrieved 2011-10-31.  ^ J Dermatol Case Rep. 2012 Jun 30;6(2):63-4. doi: 10.3315/jdcr.2012.1103.

External links[edit]

Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Curtal Friar, a 17th-century ballad with additional information Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Spotlight: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Friar, a page on the 1560s play and modern productions of it

v t e

Robin Hood

Characters

Robin Hood Maid Marian Merry Men Much the Miller's Son Little John Friar
Friar
Tuck Alan-a-Dale Will Scarlet Will Stutely Gilbert Whitehand Arthur a Bland David of Doncaster The Jolly Pinder of Wakefield Sheriff of Nottingham Guy of Gisbourne Prince John Bishop of Hereford Richard at the Lee King Richard

Settings

Sherwood Forest Nottingham Loxley Barnsdale Wentbridge

Screen

Film

Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1912) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1922) The Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1938) The Bandit of Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
(1946) The Prince of Thieves
The Prince of Thieves
(1948) The Story of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and His Merrie Men (1952) The Men of Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
(1954) Sword of Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
(1960) A Challenge for Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1967) The Scalawag Bunch
The Scalawag Bunch
(1971) Wolfshead: The Legend
Legend
of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1973) The Arrows of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1975) Robin and Marian
Robin and Marian
(1976) Aaj Ka Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1988) O Mistério de Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1990) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1991) Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves (1991) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(2010) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(2018)

TV

Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1953) The Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1955) The Legend
Legend
of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1968) The Legend
Legend
of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1975) Robin of Sherwood (1984) The New Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1997) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(2006)

Animated

Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Makes Good (1939) Rabbit Hood
Rabbit Hood
(1949) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Daffy (1958) Robin Hoodwinked
Robin Hoodwinked
(1958) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1973) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1990) Young Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1991) Tom and Jerry: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and His Merry Mouse (2012)

Parody

When Things Were Rotten
When Things Were Rotten
(1975) The Zany Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1984) Maid Marian
Maid Marian
and Her Merry Men
Merry Men
(1989) Robin Hood: Men in Tights (1993)

Alternate settings

Mexicali Rose (1939 film) Robin and the 7 Hoods
Robin and the 7 Hoods
(1964 film) Naan Sigappu Manithan (1985 Tamil film) Nyayam Meere Cheppali
Nyayam Meere Cheppali
(1985 Telugu film) Catch Me Now
Catch Me Now
(2008 Chinese TV series) Alyas Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(2016 Philippines TV Series)

Popular culture

Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(Once Upon a Time character) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(DC Comics character)

Child ballads

8: Erlinton 102: Willie and Earl Richard's Daughter 103: Rose the Red and White Lily 115: Robyn and Gandeleyn 117: A Gest of Robyn Hode 118: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and Guy of Gisborne 119: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Monk 120: Robin Hood's Death 121: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Potter 123: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Curtal Friar 124: The Jolly Pinder of Wakefield 126: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Tanner 127: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Tinker 128: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Newly Revived 129: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Prince of Aragon 130: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Scotchman 131: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Ranger 132: The Bold Pedlar and Robin Hood 136: Robin Hood's Delight 138: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and Allan-a-Dale 139: Robin Hood's Progress to Nottingham 140: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Rescuing Three Squires 141: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Rescuing Will Stutly 142: Little John
Little John
a Begging 143: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Bishop 144: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Bishop of Hereford 145: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and Queen Katherine 146: Robin Hood's Chase 147: Robin Hood's Golden Prize 148: The Noble Fisherman 149: The Noble Fisherman 151: The King's Disguise, and Friendship with Robin Hood 152: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Golden Arrow 153: Robin Hood
Robin Hood
and the Valiant Knight 154: A True Tale of Robin Hood

Stage / Theatre

The Downfall and The Death of Robert Earl of Huntington (1598 and 1601 plays) The Merrie Men of Sherwood Forest
Sherwood Forest
(1871 operetta) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1890 opera) The Foresters
The Foresters
(1892 play) Twang!!
Twang!!
(1965 musical parody) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1934 opera) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1998 ballet) Robin des Bois
Robin des Bois
(2013 musical)

Video games

Robin of the Wood
Robin of the Wood
(1985) The Curse of Sherwood (1987) The Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1991) Conquests of the Longbow: The Legend
Legend
of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1991) Robin Hood: The Legend
Legend
of Sherwood (2002) Robin Hood: Defender of the Crown (2003) Volume (2015)

Literature

Ivanhoe
Ivanhoe
(1819) Maid Marian
Maid Marian
(1822) The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(1883) Bows against the Barons
Bows against the Barons
(1934) The Once and Future King
The Once and Future King
(1958) The Outlaws of Sherwood (1988) Through a Dark Mist
Through a Dark Mist
(1991) Lady of the Forest
Lady of the Forest
(1992) In the Shadow of Midnight
In the Shadow of Midnight
(1994) The Last Arrow (1997) Lady of Sherwood
Lady of Sherwood
(1999) Ronin Hood of the 47 Samurai (2005) King Raven Trilogy (2006)

Music

Legend
Legend
(1984 soundtrack) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(2006 soundtrack) Robin Hood
Robin Hood
– czwarta strzała (1997) "Love" (song) "Not in Nottingham" (song) "(Everything I Do) I Do It for You" (song) The Tale of Gamelyn

Alan Dale

Outlaw (2009) Holy Warrior
Holy Warrior
(2010) King's Man
King's Man
(2011) Warlord (2012) Grail Knight (2013) The Iron Castle (2014) The King's Assassin (2015) The Death of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
(2016)

Related

Miss Robin Hood Son of the Guardsman The Son of Robin Hood The Bandit of Sherwood Forest Princess of Thieves Robin Hood
Robin Hood
Morality Test "Robot of Sherwood" "Robin Good and His Not-So-Merry Men" Once Upon a Time

Authority control

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