Breisgau (German pronunciation: [ˈfʁaɪ̯bʊʁk ʔɪm
ˈbʁaɪ̯sɡaʊ̯] ( listen); Alemannic: Friburg im Brisgau
[ˈfʁiːb̥əɡ̊]; French: Fribourg-en-Brisgau) is a city in
Baden-Württemberg, Germany, with a population of about 220,000. In
the south-west of the country, it straddles the
Dreisam river, at the
foot of the Schlossberg. Historically, the city has acted as the hub
Breisgau region on the western edge of the
Black Forest in the
Rhine Plain. A famous old German university town, and
archiepiscopal seat, Freiburg was incorporated in the early twelfth
century and developed into a major commercial, intellectual, and
ecclesiastical center of the upper
Rhine region. The city is known for
its medieval minster and
Renaissance university, as well as for its
high standard of living and advanced environmental practices. The city
is situated in the heart of the major Baden wine-growing region and
serves as the primary tourist entry point to the scenic beauty of the
Black Forest. According to meteorological statistics, the city is the
sunniest and warmest in Germany, and held the all-time German
temperature record of 40.2 °C (104.4 °F) from 2003 to
8 International relations
8.1 Twin towns, sister cities
10 Points of interest
11 Notable residents
14 Further reading
15 External links
See also: History of Freiburg
Timeline of Freiburg im Breisgau
view • discuss • edit
1120 - Founded by Duke Bertold III of Zähringen
1218 - Inherited by the Counts of Urach
1368 - Purchased its independence
1805 - Became part of Baden
1940-1944 - Heavily damaged during WWII
Freiburg was founded by Konrad and Duke Berthold III of Zähringen in
1120 as a free market town; hence its name, which translates to
"free (or independent) town". Frei means "free", and Burg, like the
modern English word "borough", was used in those days for an
incorporated city or town, usually one with some degree of
autonomy. The German word Burg also means "a fortified town", as in
Hamburg. Thus, it is likely that the name of this place means a
"fortified town of free citizens".
This town was strategically located at a junction of trade routes
Mediterranean Sea and the
North Sea regions, and the Rhine
Danube rivers. In 1200, Freiburg's population numbered
approximately 6,000 people. At about that time, under the rule of
Bertold V, the last duke of Zähringen, the city began construction of
Freiburg Münster cathedral on the site of an older parish
church. Begun in the Romanesque style, it was continued and
completed 1513 for the most part as a Gothic edifice. In 1218, when
Bertold V died, then Egino V von Urach, the count of Urach assumed the
title of Freiburg's count as Egino I von Freiburg. The city council
did not trust the new nobles and wrote down its established rights in
a document. At the end of the thirteenth century there was a feud
between the citizens of Freiburg and their lord, Count Egino II of
Freiburg. Egino II raised taxes and sought to limit the citizens'
freedom, after which the Freiburgers used catapults to destroy the
count's castle atop the Schloßberg, a hill that overlooks the city
center. The furious count called on his brother-in-law the Bishop of
Strasbourg, Konradius von Lichtenberg, for help. The bishop responded
by marching with his army to Freiburg.
Panoramic view of Freiburg, seen from Schlossberg, Freiburg Münster
can be seen in the center.
Freiburg City Hall (Rathaus)
According to an old Freiburg legend, a butcher named Hauri stabbed the
Strasbourg to death on 29 July 1299. It was a Pyrrhic
victory, since henceforth the citizens of Freiburg had to pay an
annual expiation of 300 marks in silver to the count of Freiburg until
1368. In 1366 the counts of Freiburg made another failed attempt to
occupy the city during a night raid. Eventually the citizens were fed
up with their lords, and in 1368 Freiburg purchased its independence
from them. The city turned itself over to the protection of the
Habsburgs, who allowed the city to retain a large measure of freedom.
Most of the nobles of the city died in the battle of Sempach (1386).
The patrician family Schnewlin took control of the city until the
guildsmen revolted. The guilds became more powerful than the
patricians by 1389.
The silver mines in Mount
Schauinsland provided an important source of
capital for Freiburg. This silver made Freiburg one of the richest
cities in Europe, and in 1327 Freiburg minted its own coin, the
Rappenpfennig. In 1377 the cities of Freiburg, Basel, Colmar, and
Breisach entered into an monetary alliance known as the Genossenschaft
des Rappenpfennigs (Rappenpfennig Collective). This alliance
facilitated commerce among the cities and lasted until the end of the
sixteenth century. There were 8,000-9,000 people living in Freiburg
between the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, and 30 churches and
monasteries. At the end of the fourteenth century the veins of silver
were dwindling, and by 1460 only approximately 6,000 people still
lived within Freiburg's city walls.
A university city, Freiburg evolved from its focus on mining to become
a cultural centre for the arts and sciences. It was also a commercial
center. The end of the
Middle Ages and the dawn of the
a time of both advances and tragedy for Freiburg.
In 1457, Albrecht VI, Regent of Further Austria, established
Albert-Ludwigs-Universität, one of Germany's oldest universities. In
1498, Emperor Maximilian I held a Reichstag in Freiburg. In 1520, the
city ratified a set of legal reforms, widely considered the most
progressive of the time. The aim was to find a balance between city
traditions and old Roman Law. The reforms were well received,
especially the sections dealing with civil process law, punishment,
and the city's constitution.
Freiburg Münster medieval cathedral
In 1520, Freiburg decided not to take part in the Reformation and
became an important centre for Catholicism on the Upper Rhine. Erasmus
moved here after
Basel accepted the Reformation.
In 1536, a strong and persistent belief in witchcraft led to the
city's first witch-hunt. The need to find a scapegoat for calamities
such as the Black Plague, which claimed 2,000 area residents (25% of
the city population) in 1564, led to an escalation in witch-hunting
that reached its peak in 1599. A plaque on the old city wall marks the
spot where burnings were carried out.
The seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries were turbulent
times for Freiburg. At the beginning of the
Thirty Years' War
Thirty Years' War there
were 10,000-14,000 citizens in Freiburg; by its end only 2,000
remained. During this war and other conflicts, the city belonged at
various times to the Austrians, the French, the Swedish, the Spanish,
and various members of the German Confederacy. Between 1648 and 1805,
when the city was not under French occupation it was the
administrative headquarters of Further Austria, the Habsburg
territories in the southwest of Germany. In 1805, the city, together
Ortenau areas, became part of Baden.
In 1827, when the
Archdiocese of Freiburg
Archdiocese of Freiburg was founded, Freiburg became
the seat of a
The Martinstor, one of the original city gates in Freiburg
On 22 October 1940, the
Gauleiter of Baden, Robert Heinrich
Wagner, ordered the deportation of all of Baden's and 350 of
Jewish population. They were deported to
Camp Gurs in the
south of France, where many died. On 18 July 1942, the remaining Baden
and Freiburg Jews were transferred to
Auschwitz in Nazi-occupied
Poland, where almost all were murdered. A living memorial has been
created in the form of the 'footprint' in marble on the site of the
city's original synagogue, which was burned down by the Nazis on 9
November 1938, during the pogrom known as Kristallnacht. The memorial
is a children's paddling pool and contains a bronze plaque
commemorating the original building and the
Jewish community which
perished. The pavements of Freiburg carry memorials to individual
victims, in the form of brass plates outside their former residences.
Freiburg was heavily bombed during World War II. In May 1940, aircraft
Luftwaffe mistakenly dropped approximately 60 bombs on Freiburg
near the railway station, killing 57 people. On 27 November 1944, a
raid by more than 300 bombers of RAF
Bomber Command (Operation
Tigerfish) destroyed a large portion of the city centre, with the
notable exception of the Münster, which was only lightly damaged.
After the war, the city was rebuilt on its medieval plan.
It was occupied by the
French Army on 21 April 1945, and Freiburg was
soon allotted to the French Zone of Occupation. In December 1945
Freiburg became the seat of government for the German state Badenia,
which was merged into
Baden-Württemberg in 1952. The French Army
maintained a presence in Freiburg until 1991, when the last French
Army division left the city, and left Germany.
On the site of the former
French Army base, a new neighborhood for
5,000 people, Vauban, was begun in the late 1990s as a "sustainable
Solar power provides electricity to many of the
households in this small community.
Because of its scenic beauty, relatively warm and sunny climate, and
easy access to the Black Forest, Freiburg is a hub for regional
tourism. The longest cable car run in Germany, which is 3.6 kilometres
(2.2 mi) long, runs from Günterstal up to a nearby mountain
called Schauinsland. The city has an unusual system of gutters (called
Freiburg Bächle) that run throughout its centre. These Bächle, once
used to provide water to fight fires and feed livestock, are
constantly flowing with water diverted from the Dreisam. They were
never intended to be used for sewage, and even in the
Middle Ages such
use could lead to harsh penalties. During the summer, the running
water provides natural cooling of the air, and offers a pleasant
gurgling sound. It is said that if one accidentally falls or steps
into a Bächle, they will marry a Freiburger, or 'Bobbele'.
The Augustinerplatz is one of the central squares in the old city.
Formerly the location of an Augustinian monastery that became the
Augustiner Museum in 1921, it is now a popular social space for
Freiburg's younger residents. It has a number of restaurants and bars,
including the local brewery 'Feierling', which has a Biergarten. On
warm summer nights, hundreds of students gather here.
At the centre of the old city is the Münsterplatz or Cathedral
Square, Freiburg's largest square. A farmers market is held here every
day except Sundays. This is the site of Freiburg's Münster, a gothic
minster cathedral constructed of red sandstone, built between 1200 and
1530 and noted for its towering spire.
The Historical Merchants' Hall of 1520-21
The Historical Merchants' Hall (Historisches Kaufhaus), is a Late
Gothic building on the south side of Freiburg's Münsterplatz. Built
between 1520 and 1530, it was once the center of the financial life of
the region. Its façade is decorated with statues and the coat of arms
The Altes Rathaus, or old city hall, was completed in 1559 and has a
painted façade. The Platz der alten Synagoge "Old
is one of the more important squares on the outskirts of the historic
old city. The square was the location of a synagogue until it was
Kristallnacht in 1938. Zum Roten Bären, the oldest hotel
in Germany, is located along Oberlinden near the Swabian Gate.
The Siegesdenkmal, or victory monument, is a monument to the German
victory in the Franco-Prussian War in 1871. It is situated at the
northern edge of the historic city center of Freiburg. The
Siegesdenkmal was built by Karl Friedrich Moest. In everyday language
of people living in Freiburg, it serves as an orientation marker or as
a meeting place.
To the east of the city centre, the Schlossberg hill provides
extensive views over the city and surrounding region. The castle
(Schloss) from which the hill takes its name was demolished in the
1740s, and only ruins remain. Schlossberg retained its importance to
the city, however, and 150 years ago the city leaders opened up walks
and views to make the mountain available to the public. Today, the
Schlossbergbahn funicular railway connects the city centre to the
Other museums in the city include the Archaeology Colombischlössle
Badische Zeitung is the main local daily paper, covering the Black
In 2010, Freiburg was voted as the Academy of Urbanism's European City
of the Year in recognition of the exemplary sustainable urbanism it
has implemented over the past several decades.
Freiburg is bordered by the
Black Forest mountains Rosskopf and
Bromberg to the east, Schönberg and Tuniberg to the south, with the
Kaiserstuhl hill region to the west.
Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification classifies its climate as oceanic
(Cfb). Marine features are limited however, as a result of its vast
distance to oceans and seas. As a result, summers have a significant
subtropical influence as the inland air heats up. July and August are
even under normal circumstances akin to a heatwave for most of
Germany. Winters are moderate but usually with frequent frosts.
Climate data for Freiburg 1981-2010, sunshine 1990-2010, extremes
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Source #1: Weatheronline.de
Source #2: Meteociel.fr
Largest groups of foreigners by country of origin
Dieter Salomon, mayor of Freiburg
Freiburg is known as an "eco-city". It has attracted the Bundesamt
für Strahlenschutz, solar industries, and research; the Greens have a
stronghold there (the strongest in any major German city; up to 35% of
the overall city vote, in some neighbourhoods reaching 40% or more in
the 2012 national elections). The newly built neighbourhoods of Vauban
Rieselfeld were developed and built according to the idea of
sustainability. The citizens of Freiburg are known in
their love of cycling and recycling.
The Oberbürgermeister, Dieter Salomon, (elected as of 2002[update]),
was the first member of Bündnis 90/Die Grünen to hold such an office
in a city with more than 100,000 inhabitants.
In June 1995, the Freiburg city council adopted a resolution that it
would permit construction only of "low-energy buildings" on municipal
land, and all new buildings must comply with certain "low energy"
specifications. Low-energy housing uses solar power passively as well
as actively. In addition to solar panels and collectors on the roof,
providing electricity and hot water, many passive features use the
sun’s energy to regulate the temperature of the rooms.
2010 Green Party convention in Freiburg, Dieter Salomon, Green Party
Mayor, and Carey Campbell, Independent Green Party, USA, and National
Chairman, Committee to Draft Michael Bloomberg
Freiburg is host to a number of international organisations, in
ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability,
International Solar Energy Society, and the City Mayors
The composition of Freiburg city council is as follows:
Alliance '90/The Greens
Christian Democratic Union
Social Democratic Party
Left List / Solidarity City
Free Democratic Party
Green Alternative Freiburg
Christians for Freiburg
Freiburg is a center of academia and research with numerous
intellectual figures and Nobel Laureates having lived, worked, and
The city houses one of the oldest and most renowned of German
universities, the Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg, as well as its
medical center. Home to some of the greatest minds of the West,
including such eminent figures as Johann Eck, Max Weber, Edmund
Husserl, Martin Heidegger, and Friedrich Hayek, it is one of Europe's
top research and teaching institutions.
Freiburg also plays host to various other educational and research
institutes, such as the Freiburg University of Education, the
Protestant University for Applied Sciences Freiburg, Freiburg Music
Catholic University of Applied Sciences Freiburg, the
International University of Cooperative Education IUCE, three Max
Planck institutes, and five Fraunhofer institutes.
The city is home to the IES Abroad
European Union program, which
allows students to study the development and activities of the
The DFG / LFA Freiburg, a French-German high school established by the
1963 Élysée Treaty, is in the city.
Freiburg VAG tram
Freiburg has an extensive pedestrian zone in the city centre where no
motor cars are allowed. Freiburg also has an excellent public
transport system, operated by the city-owned VAG Freiburg. The
backbone of the system is the Freiburg tramway network, supplemented
by feeder buses.
Freiburg is on the main
Frankfurt am Main
Frankfurt am Main -
Basel railway line, with
frequent and fast long-distance passenger services from the Freiburg
Hauptbahnhof to major German and other European cities. Other railway
lines run east into the
Black Forest and west to Breisach. The line to
Breisach is the remaining stub of the Freiburg–
railway, severed in 1945 when the railway bridge over the
Breisach was destroyed, and was never replaced.
The city also is served by the A5
Frankfurt am Main
Frankfurt am Main -
Freiburg is served by
EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg in France,
close to the borders of both
Germany and Switzerland, 70 km
(43 mi) south of Freiburg. Karlsruhe/
Baden-Baden airport (Baden
Airpark) is approximately 100 km (62 mi) north of Freiburg
and is also served by several airlines. The nearest larger
international airports include
Stuttgart (200 km (120 mi)),
Frankfurt/Main (260 km (160 mi)), and
Munich (430 km
(270 mi)). The nearby Flugplatz Freiburg, a small airfield in the
Messe, Freiburg district, lacks commercial service but is used for
Car share website such as Mitfahrgelegenheit are commonly used among
Freiburg residents since it is considered relatively safe.
Schwarzwald-Stadion is the home ground of Bundesliga club SC Freiburg
Freiburg is home to football teams SC Freiburg, which plays at the
Schwarzwald-Stadion, and Freiburger FC.
Freiburg also has the EHC Freiburg
Ice hockey team, which plays at the
Franz-Siegel Halle, and the RC Freiburg
Rugby union team, which
competes in the Regionalliga Baden Wurttemberg.
From 1925 to 1984, the
Schauinsland Races took place on an old logging
track. The course is still used periodically for European Hill Climb
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany
Twin towns, sister cities
Freiburg is twinned with:
Besançon, France; since 1959
Innsbruck, Austria; since 1963
Padua, Italy; since 1967
Guildford, England; since 1979
Madison, Wisconsin; since 1987
Matsuyama, Japan; since 1988
Lviv, Ukraine; since 1989
Granada, Spain; since 1991
Isfahan, Iran; since 2000
Suwon, South Korea; since 2015
Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's controversial comments, which
included questioning the dimension of the Holocaust, have sparked
discussions concerning Freiburg's relationship with Isfahan.
Immediately following the comments, Freiburg mayor Salomon postponed a
trip to Isfahan, but most people involved, especially those in the
Alliance '90/The Greens
Alliance '90/The Greens party, were opposed to cancelling the
Seal of Freiburg.
The city's coat of arms is Argent a cross Gules, the St George's
Saint George is the city's patron saint. The cross also appears
on the city's flag, which dates from about 1368, and is identical to
that of England, which has the same patron.
The city also has a seal that can be seen in a few places in the inner
city. It is a stylized depiction of the façade of the
Wasserschlössle, a castle-like waterworks facility built into a hill
that overlooks the residential district of Wiehre. The seal depicts a
three-towered red castle on a white background, with green-clad
trumpeters atop the two outer towers. Beneath the castle is a gold
Points of interest
Arboretum Freiburg-Günterstal, an arboretum in the suburb of
Freiburg Botanic Garden
University of Freiburg
University Library Freiburg, the newly renovated library features a
The Whale House, which, in Dario Argento's 1977 horror film Suspiria,
served as the Dance Academy, the film's central location
Colombischlössle Archeological Museum
Green Spaces in Freiburg
Vauban, Freiburg, a sustainable eco-community
Cobblestone mosaics (Freiburg im Breisgau)
Wolfram Aichele, (1924-2016), artist
Hannah Arendt, (1906-1975), political theorist
Joseph Freiherr von Auffenberg, (1798-1857), playwright and poet
Kurt Bauch, (1897-1975), art historian
Aloysius Bellecius (1704-1757), Jesuit ascetic author
Walter Benjamin, (1892-1940), literary critic and philosopher
Hoimar von Ditfurth, (1921-1989), physician
Alfred Döblin, (1878-1957), physician and novelist
Hedy Epstein, (1924-2016),
Holocaust refugee and activist
Erasmus of Rotterdam, (1466-1536), Dutch Renaissance
humanist and theologian
Walter Eucken, economist
Max von Gallwitz, general and politician
Miriam Gebhardt, historian
Svetlana Geier, translator
Friedrich Gempp, (1873-1947)
Major General and the founder and first
director of the Department Defence of Reichswehr
Hans F. K. Günther,
Heinrich Haussler, professional cyclist Cervelo TestTeam
Dany Heatley, former player for the Minnesota Wild, Anaheim Ducks, San
Jose Sharks, Ottawa Senators, and
Atlanta Thrashers NHL teams.
Martin Heidegger, philosopher
Waldemar Hoven (1903–1948),
Nazi physician executed for war crimes
Edmund Husserl, philosopher
Hans Jantzen, art historian
Marie-Laurence Jungfleisch, athlete
Walter Kaufmann, philosopher
Boris Kodjoe, U.S.-based model and actor
Benjamin Lebert, (born 1982), author and newspaper columnist
Johann Nepomuk Locherer, (1773-1837), Roman
theologian and professor.
Joachim Löw, (born 1960), coach of the German national football team
Hanns Ludin (1905–1947),
Nazi diplomat executed for war crimes
Andreas Lutz, (born 1981), media artist
Gerhard Markson, conductor
Carl Christian Mez, (1866-1944), botanist
Karl Rahner, (1904-1984),
Karl von Rotteck, (1775-1840), historian and liberal politician
Wolfgang Schäuble, (born 1942), Minister of the Interior,
Helmut Kohl and, 2005 - current, Angela Merkel
Marcel Schirmer, singer and bassist for the metal band Destruction
Bernhard Sigmund Schultze, (1827–1919) obstetrician
Jürgen Schrempp, former head of DaimlerChrysler
Berthold Schwarz, fabled alchemist who supposedly introduced gunpowder
Til Schweiger, actor and director
Nobel Prize laureate in chemistry "for his
discoveries in the field of macromolecular chemistry"
Edith Stein, Saint of the
Catholic Church, martyred by the Nazis,
Freiburg university faculty member; her residence is marked by a
plaque and a Stolperstein
Friedrich von Hayek, economist, philosopher,
Nobel Prize laureate in
Christoph von Marschall, journalist
Otto Heinrich Warburg, 1931 recipient of
Nobel Prize in Physiology or
Medicine; awarded Iron Cross 1st class (1918).
Max Weber, (1864-1920), lawyer, political economist, and sociologist
August Weismann, biologist
Joseph Wirth, (1879-1956), politician (center), MdR, chancellor,
foreign minister, minister of the interior
Bernhard Witkop, organic chemist
Engelbert Zaschka, inventor and one of the first German helicopter
Joana Zimmer, pop singer
The Freiburger Münster
Inside the belfry of the Freiburger Münster
Landscape seen from the Schlossberg
The University of Freiburg
University Library Freiburg
Historic Merchants Hall (Historisches Kaufhaus) at the Münsterplatz
Observation tower on the Schlossberg
Freiburg's main railway station (Hauptbahnhof)
The Konzerthaus (concert hall)
View of Freiburg
Haus zum Walfisch
Fischbrunnen or Fish Fountain.
Main cemetery Freiburg
^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland nach Fläche, Bevölkerung und
Postleitzahl am 30.09.2016".
Statistisches Bundesamt (in German).
^ Website for the German Agricultural Society: Baden (accessed on
January 1, 2008)."Archived copy". Archived from the original on
2007-10-30. Retrieved 2008-01-01.
^ Temperature extremes
^ a b c "Stadt Freiburg im Breisgau: History". www.freiburg.de (Stadt
Freiburg im Breisgau). Archived from the original on 2009-02-27.
Retrieved 2009-04-11. , also Arnold, Benjamin German
Knighthood1050-1300 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1985) p. 123.
^ "Bartleby.com: Great Books Online -- Quotes, Poems, Novels, Classics
and hundreds more". Archived from the original on 30 August 2008.
Retrieved 17 March 2016.
^ Spector, Shmuel and Wigoder, Geoffrey, The Encyclopedia of Jewish
life Before and During the Holocaust,
New York University Press 2001.
See Die Synagoge in Freiburg im Breisgau.
^ Robinson, Derek (2005). Invasion 1940. London: Constable &
Robinson. pp. 31–32. ISBN 1-84529-151-4.
^ "Erlebniswelt Schlossberg" [Experience Schlossberg] (in German).
Stadt Freiburg. Archived from the original on 2011-04-05. Retrieved
Breisgau historic weather averages" (in German).
weatheronline.de. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
Breisgau historic extremes" (in French). Meteociel.fr.
Retrieved 6 November 2015.
^ Rangfolge der verschiedenen Nationalitäten in Freiburg im Detail,
(City of Freiburg im Breisgau)
^ a b Andrew Purvis. "Freiburg, Germany: is this the greenest city in
the world?". the Guardian. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
^ "City Mayors: About City Mayors". Retrieved 17 March 2016.
^ "European Union". Retrieved 17 March 2016.
^ "Lawyer Freiburg". Retrieved 28 November 2014.
^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-03-10. Retrieved
Käflein, Achim (photographs); Huber, Alexander (German text) (2008).
Trefzer-Käflein, Annette, ed. Freiburg. Freund, BethAnne (English
translation). Freiburg: edition-kaeflein.de.
ISBN 978-3-940788-01-6. OCLC 301982091.
The Freiburg Charter for Sustainable Urbanism - a collaboration
between the City of Freiburg and The Academy of Urbanism
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Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Freiburg.
Breisgau digital city tour
Tourism & History & Pictures
Freiburg City Panoramas – Panoramic views and virtual tours
City of Freiburg
Freiburg University of Education
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Freiburg-Home.com – Information & Reviews about Freiburg
Webcams in Freiburg and the Black Forest
Tramway in Freiburg
fudder – a popular online magazine about Freiburg (Winner of Grimme
Online Award 2007)
Freiburg's History for Pedestrians
Freiburg - Green City
Hotels in Freiburg
BUND (Friends of the Earth Germany): Freiburg & Environment:
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Sustainable City - Green City?
Freiburg Excursion Destinations and Film Recommendations
Places adjacent to Freiburg im Breisgau
Freiburg im Breisgau
Germany by population
Freiburg im Breisgau
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cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants
Important cities and tourist sites in Germany: Greater region of
Freiburg (Breisgau–Black Forest–High Rhine)
Freiburg im Breisgau
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Furtwangen im Schwarzwald
Regions, and urban and rural districts in the state of
Capitals of states of the Federal Republic of Germany
Capitals of area states
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Capitals of former states
Breisgau (South Baden, 1949–1952)
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1 Unlike the mono-city states
Berlin and Hamburg, the State of Bremen
consists of two cities, thus state and capital are not identical.