HOME
The Info List - Freestyle Skiing



--- Advertisement ---


(i)

FREESTYLE SKIING is a skiing discipline comprising aerials, moguls , cross , half-pipe and slopestyle as part of the Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
. It can consist of a skier performing aerial flips and spins, and can include skiers sliding rails and boxes on their skis. It is also commonly referred to as freeskiing, jibbing, as well as many other names around the world.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Forms of freestyle skiing

* 2.1 Aerial skiing
Aerial skiing
* 2.2 Mogul skiing
Mogul skiing
* 2.3 Ski ballet * 2.4 Ski cross
Ski cross
* 2.5 Half-pipe skiing
Half-pipe skiing
* 2.6 Slopestyle
Slopestyle

* 3 Equipment * 4 References * 5 External links

HISTORY

Ski
Ski
acrobatics have been practiced since the 1930s. Aerial skiing was popularized in the 1950s by Olympic gold medalist Stein Eriksen
Stein Eriksen
. Early US competitions were held in mid 1960's. The International Ski Federation (FIS) recognized freestyle as a sport in 1979 and brought in new regulations regarding certification of athletes and jump techniques in an effort to curb the dangerous elements of the competitions. The first FIS Freestyle Skiing
Skiing
World Cup was staged in 1980 and the first FIS Freestyle World Ski Championships took place in 1986 in Tignes
Tignes
, France
France
. Freestyle skiing
Freestyle skiing
was a demonstration event at the 1988 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
in Calgary
Calgary
. Mogul skiing
Mogul skiing
was added as an official medal event at the 1992 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
in Albertville
Albertville
, and the aerials event was added for the 1994 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
in Lillehammer
Lillehammer
. In 2011, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) approved both halfpipe and slopestyle freeskiing events to be added to the 2014 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
in Sochi
Sochi
, Russia
Russia
.

FORMS OF FREESTYLE SKIING

AERIAL SKIING

Skier performing an Aerial

Aerialists ski off 2-4 meter jumps, that propel them up to 6 meters in the air (which can be up to 20 meters above the landing height, given the landing slope). Once in the air, aerialists perform multiple flips and twists before landing on a 34 to 39-degree inclined landing hill about 30 meters in length. The top male aerialists can currently perform triple back flips with up to four or five twists.

Aerial skiing
Aerial skiing
is a judged sport, and competitors receive a score based on jump takeoff (20%), jump form (50%) and landing (30%). A degree of difficulty (DD) is then factored in for a total score. Skiers are judged on a cumulative score of LIMA two jumps. These scores do not generally carry over to the next round.

Aerialists train for their jumping maneuvers during the summer months by skiing on specially constructed water ramps and landing in a large swimming pool. An example of this is the Utah Olympic Park training facility . A water ramp consists of a wooden ramp covered with a special plastic mat that when lubricated with sprinklers allows an athlete to ski down the ramp towards a jump. The skier then skis off the wooden jump and lands safely in a large swimming pool. A burst of air is sent up from the bottom of the pool just before landing to break up the surface tension of the water, thus softening the impact of the landing. Skiers sometimes reinforce the skis that they use for water-ramping with 6mm of fiberglass or cut holes in the front and back in order to soften the impact when landing properly on their skis.

Summer training also includes training on trampolines, diving boards, and other acrobatic or gymnastic training apparatus.

MOGUL SKIING

Main article: Mogul skiing
Mogul skiing

Moguls are a series of bumps on a trail formed when skiers push the snow into mounds or piles as they execute short-radius turns.

SKI BALLET

Main article: Ski ballet

Ski ballet (later renamed acroski) was a competitive discipline until the International Ski Federation
International Ski Federation
ceased all formal competition of this event after 2000.

SKI CROSS

Main article: Ski cross
Ski cross

Ski cross
Ski cross
is based on the snowboarding boardercross. Despite it being a timed racing event, it is often considered part of freestyle skiing because it incorporates terrain features traditionally found in freestyle.

HALF-PIPE SKIING

Main article: Half-pipe skiing
Half-pipe skiing

Half-pipe skiing
Half-pipe skiing
takes the well-known halfpipe to the next level. Competitors gradually ski to the end of the pipe by doing flips and tricks.

SLOPESTYLE

Main article: Slopestyle
Slopestyle

EQUIPMENT

Twin-tip skis are used in events such as slopestyle and halfpipe. Mogul skis are used in moguls and sometimes in aerials. Specially designed racing skis are used in ski cross. Ski bindings
Ski bindings
took a major design change to include plate bindings mounted to the bottom of the skiers boot to allow for multi-directional release.

REFERENCES

* ^ Lund, Morten; Miller, Peter (1998) Roots of an Olympic Sport: Freestyle Skiing
Skiing
Heritage Vol 10 #1: 11-20 * ^ Miller, Peter (1973) Cult, Philosophy, Sport, Art Form: Freestyle Skiing
Skiing
is American Made Ski
Ski
Vol 38 #2:47-49, 109, 111 * ^ Levinson, David; Christensen, Karen (1999) Encyclopedia of World Sport: From Ancient Times to the Present Oxford University Press ISBN 9780195131956 pg 360 * ^ "Halfpipe Skiing
Skiing
Approved For 2014 Winter Olympics". Newschoolers.com. Retrieved 2016-11-29. * ^ " Slopestyle
Slopestyle
Skiing
Skiing
Approved for 2014 Olympics". Newschoolers.com. Retrieved 2016-11-29.

* Furrer, Art; Renggli, Sepp (1970) Skiakrobatik für jedermann Bern: Benteli OCLC
OCLC
630830869 * Broze, Matt Charles (1972) Freestyle skiing
Freestyle skiing
Seattle: Wildcat Books OCLC
OCLC
42982990 * Johnston, John; Daigle, Michel; Bowie, Darryl (1974) Freestyle Skiing: Technique Manual Vancouver: Winter Habit Productions OCLC 15753976 * Luini, Mario; Brunner, André (1975) Akroski : alles über Skiakrobatik u. Skikunst Bern: Benteli ISBN 9783716500781 * United States Ski
Ski
Association (1977) Official freestyle competition rules OCLC
OCLC
746862658 * Mohan, John; Hiltner, Walt (1978) Freestyle Skiing
Skiing
New York: Winchester Press ISBN 083291858X * Wieman, Randy; Newman, Robbi (1979) Freestyle Skiing: A Complete Guide to the Fundamentals of Hot Dogging Angus ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Skiing
Skiing
and snowboarding

NORDIC

COMPETITIVE

* Cross-country * Nordic combined
Nordic combined
* Paralympic cross-country * Ski jumping
Ski jumping
* Ski flying
Ski flying
* Ski
Ski
marathon * Ski-orienteering
Ski-orienteering

RECREATIONAL

* Cross-country * Roller * Ski touring
Ski touring
* Skijoring
Skijoring

ALPINE

* Combined * Downhill * Extreme * Giant slalom
Giant slalom
* Heliskiing
Heliskiing
* Para-alpine * Slalom * Speed * Super-G
Super-G

OTHER SKIING

* Biathlon
Biathlon
* Telemark * Ski mountaineering
Ski mountaineering

SNOWBOARDING AND FREESTYLE

* Aerial * Alpine snowboarding
Alpine snowboarding
* Boardercross
Boardercross
* Half-pipe
Half-pipe
* Mogul * Ski cross
Ski cross
* Slopestyle
Slopestyle

TECHNIQUE

* Carve turn
Carve turn
* Jump turn * Parallel turn * Pivot turn * Snowplough * Stem * Stem christie
Stem christie

EQUIPMENT

* Skis * Bindings * Boots * Helmet * Monoski
Monoski
* Poles * Skins * Snowboard
Snowboard
* Suit * Wax

RESORTS AND AMENITIES

* Après-ski
Après-ski
* Chairlift
Chairlift
* Cross-country skiing
Cross-country skiing
trail * Dry ski slope
Dry ski slope
* Glade skiing * Gondola lift
Gondola lift
* Indoor skiing
Indoor skiing
* Night skiing
Night skiing
* Piste
Piste
* Ski
Ski
lift * Ski
Ski
school * Ski
Ski
tunnel * Snow grooming * Snowmaking
Snowmaking
* Surface lift
Surface lift

* v * t * e

Winter Olympic sports
Winter Olympic sports

* Alpine skiing
Alpine skiing
* Biathlon
Biathlon
* Bobsleigh
Bobsleigh
* Cross-country skiing
Cross-country skiing
* Curling
Curling
* Figure skating
Figure skating
* Freestyle skiing * Ice hockey
Ice hockey
* Luge
Luge
* Nordic combined
Nordic combined
* Short track speed skating
Short track speed skating
* Skeleton * Ski jumping
Ski jumping
* Snowboarding
Snowboarding
* Speed skating
Speed skating

* See also: