The Info List - Fort Worth, Texas

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Fort Worth is the 16th-largest city in the United States
United States
and the fifth-largest city in the state of Texas.[7] The city is located in North Central Texas. It is the county seat of Tarrant County, covering nearly 350 square miles (910 km2) into three other counties; Denton, Parker and Wise. According to the 2016 census estimates, Fort Worth's population is 854,113.[5] The city is the second-largest in the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area (the "DFW Metroplex"). The city was established in 1849 as an Army outpost on a bluff overlooking the Trinity River. Today, Fort Worth still embraces its Western heritage and traditional architecture and design.[8][9] USS Fort Worth (LCS-3) is the first ship of the United States Navy named after the city.[10] Fort Worth is home to the Van Cliburn International Piano Competition and several world-class museums designed by internationally known contemporary architects. The Kimbell Art Museum, considered to have one of the best collections in Texas, is housed in what is widely regarded as one of the state's foremost works of modern architecture, designed by Louis Kahn
Louis Kahn
with an addition by Renzo Piano. Also of note is the Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, designed by Tadao Ando. The Amon Carter Museum of American Art, designed by Philip Johnson, houses one of the world's most extensive collections of American art. The Sid Richardson Museum, redesigned by David M. Schwarz, has one of the most focused collections of Western art in the U.S., emphasizing Frederic Remington and Charles Russell. The city is stimulated by several university communities: Texas Christian University, Texas
Wesleyan, University of North Texas
Health Science Center, and Texas
A&M University School of Law, and many multinational corporations, including Bell Helicopter, Lockheed Martin, American Airlines, BNSF Railway, Pier 1
Pier 1
Imports, XTO Energy and Radio Shack.


1 History

1.1 Treaty of Bird's Fort 1.2 Mexican–American War 1.3 Town

1.3.1 Panther City
and Hell's Half Acre

1.4 Late 20th and early 21st centuries

2 Geography and climate

2.1 Cityscape

2.1.1 Architecture 2.1.2 Natural gas
Natural gas

2.2 Climate

3 Demographics 4 Economy

4.1 Top employers

5 Culture

5.1 Arts and sciences

6 Sports and recreation

6.1 TCU Horned Frogs 6.2 Colonial National Invitational Golf Tournament 6.3 Professional sports teams 6.4 Motor racing 6.5 Cowtown Marathon

7 Government

7.1 City

7.1.1 City
Council[65] 7.1.2 City

7.2 State Government

7.2.1 State Board of Education members[66] 7.2.2 Texas
State Representatives[67] 7.2.3 Texas
State Senators[68] 7.2.4 State Facilities

7.3 Federal Government

7.3.1 United States
United States
Representatives[71] 7.3.2 Federal facilities

8 Education

8.1 Public libraries 8.2 Public schools 8.3 Private schools 8.4 Institutes of higher education

9 Media

9.1 Magazines 9.2 Radio stations

9.2.1 AM 9.2.2 FM 9.2.3 Internet radio stations and shows

9.3 Television stations 9.4 Newspapers

10 Transportation

10.1 History

10.1.1 Electric streetcars 10.1.2 Electric interurban railways

10.2 Current transport

10.2.1 Roads 10.2.2 Public transportation 10.2.3 Rail transportation 10.2.4 Airports 10.2.5 Walkability

11 Notable people 12 Sister cities 13 See also 14 References 15 Further reading 16 External links

16.1 Official sites and resources 16.2 Digital collections 16.3 Geography

History[edit] Main articles: History of Fort Worth, Texas
and Timeline of Fort Worth, Texas Treaty of Bird's Fort[edit]

Fort Worth Texas
Historical Marker

The Treaty of Bird's Fort between the Republic of Texas
and several Native American tribes was signed in 1843 at Bird's Fort in present-day Arlington, Texas.[11][12] Article XI of the treaty provided that no one may "pass the line of trading houses" (at the border of the Indians' territory) without permission of the President of Texas, and may not reside or remain in the Indians' territory. These "trading houses" were later established at the junction of the Clear Fork and West Fork of the Trinity River in present-day Fort Worth.[13] At this river junction, the U.S. War Department established Fort Worth in 1849 as the northernmost of a system of 10 forts for protecting the American Frontier
following the end of the Mexican–American War.[14] The City
of Fort Worth continues to be known as "where the West begins."[15] Mexican–American War[edit]

Lithograph (1876)

A line of seven army posts were established in 1848–49 after the Mexican War to protect the settlers of Texas
along the western American Frontier
and included Fort Worth, Fort Graham, Fort Gates, Fort Croghan, Fort Martin Scott, Fort Lincoln, and Fort Duncan.[16] Originally 10 forts had been proposed by Major General William Jenkins Worth (1794–1849), who commanded the Department of Texas
in 1849. In January 1849, Worth proposed a line of 10 forts to mark the western Texas
frontier from Eagle Pass to the confluence of the West Fork and Clear Fork of the Trinity River. One month later, Worth died from cholera in South Texas.[16] General William S. Harney
William S. Harney
assumed command of the Department of Texas and ordered Major Ripley A. Arnold (Company F, Second United States Dragoons)[16] to find a new fort site near the West Fork and Clear Fork. On June 6, 1849, Arnold, advised by Middleton Tate Johnson, established a camp on the bank of the Trinity River and named the post Camp Worth in honor of the late General Worth. In August 1849, Arnold moved the camp to the north-facing bluff, which overlooked the mouth of the Clear Fork of the Trinity River. The United States
United States
War Department officially named the post Fort Worth on November 14, 1849.[17] Native American attacks were still a threat in the area, as this was their traditional territory and they resented encroachment by European-American settlers, but people from the United States
United States
set up homesteads near the fort. E. S. Terrell (1812–1905) from Tennessee claimed to be the first resident of Fort Worth.[18] The fort was flooded the first year and moved to the top of the bluff; the current courthouse was built on this site. The fort was abandoned September 17, 1853.[16] No trace of it remains. Town
development[edit] As a stop on the legendary Chisholm Trail, Fort Worth was stimulated by the business of the cattle drives and became a brawling, bustling town. Millions of head of cattle were driven north to market along this trail. Fort Worth became the center of the cattle drives, and later, the ranching industry. It was given the nickname of Cowtown[19]. During Civil War, Fort Worth suffered from shortages of money, food, and supplies. the population dropped as low as 175, but began to recover during Reconstruction. By 1872, Jacob Samuels, William Jesse Boaz, and William Henry Davis had opened general stores. The next year, Khleber M. Van Zandt established Tidball, Van Zandt, and Company, which became Fort Worth National Bank in 1884. Panther City
and Hell's Half Acre[edit]

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In 1875, the Dallas Herald published an article by a former Fort Worth lawyer, Robert E. Cowart, who wrote that the decimation of Fort Worth's population, caused by the economic disaster and hard winter of 1873, had dealt a severe blow to the cattle industry. Added to the slowdown due to the railroad's stopping the laying of track 30 miles (48 km) outside of Fort Worth, Cowart said that Fort Worth was so slow that he saw a panther asleep in the street by the courthouse. Although an intended insult, the name Panther City
was enthusiastically embraced when in 1876 Fort Worth recovered economically.[20] Many businesses and organizations continue to use Panther in their name. A panther is set at the top of the police department badges.[21] The "Panther City" tradition is also preserved in the names and design of some of the city's geographical/architectural features, such as Panther Island (in the Trinity River), the Flat Iron Building, the Intermodal Transportation Center, and in two or three "Sleeping Panther" statues. In 1876, the Texas
and Pacific Railway finally was completed to Fort Worth, stimulating a boom and transforming the Fort Worth Stockyards into a premier center for the cattle wholesale trade.[22] Migrants from the devastated war-torn South continued to swell the population, and small, community factories and mills yielded to larger businesses. Newly dubbed the "Queen City
of the Prairies"[23], Fort Worth supplied a regional market via the growing transportation network. Fort Worth became the westernmost railhead and a transit point for cattle shipment. Louville Niles, a Boston, Massachusetts-based businessman and main shareholder of the Fort Worth Stockyards
Fort Worth Stockyards
Company is credited with bringing the two biggest meat packing firms at the time, Armour and Swift, to the stockyards[24].

Pioneer Tower

With the boom times came a variety of entertainments and related problems. Fort Worth had a knack for separating cattlemen from their money. Cowboys took full advantage of their last brush with civilization before the long drive on the Chisholm Trail
Chisholm Trail
from Fort Worth up north to Kansas. They stocked up on provisions from local merchants, visited saloons for a bit of gambling and carousing, then galloped northward with their cattle only to whoop it up again on their way back. The town soon became home to "Hell's Half-Acre", the biggest collection of saloons, dance halls, and bawdy houses south of Dodge City
(the northern terminus of the Chisholm Trail), giving Fort Worth the nickname of "The Paris of the Plains".[25][26] Certain sections of town were off-limits for proper citizens. Shootings, knifings, muggings, and brawls became a nightly occurrence. Cowboys were joined by a motley assortment of buffalo hunters, gunmen, adventurers, and crooks. Hell's Half Acre (also known as simply "The Acre") expanded as more people were drawn to the town. Occasionally, the Acre was referred to as "the bloody Third Ward" after it was designated one of the city's three political wards in 1876. By 1900, the Acre covered four of the city's main north-south thoroughfares.[27] Local citizens became alarmed about the activities, electing Timothy Isaiah "Longhair Jim" Courtright in 1876 as city marshal with a mandate to tame it. Courtright sometimes collected and jailed 30 people on a Saturday night, but allowed the gamblers to operate, as they attracted money to the city. After learning that train and stagecoach robbers, such as the Sam Bass gang, were using the area as a hideout, he intensified law enforcement, but certain businessmen advertised against too many restriction in the area as having bad effects on the legitimate businesses. Gradually, the cowboys began to avoid the area; as businesses suffered, the city moderated its opposition. Courtright lost his office in 1879.[27] Despite crusading mayors such as H. S. Broiles and newspaper editors such as B. B. Paddock, the Acre survived because it generated income for the city (all of it illegal) and excitement for visitors. Longtime Fort Worth residents claimed the place was never as wild as its reputation, but during the 1880s, Fort Worth was a regular stop on the "gambler's circuit"[27] by Bat Masterson, Doc Holliday, and the Earp brothers (Wyatt, Morgan, and Virgil). James Earp, the eldest of his brothers, lived with his wife in Fort Worth during this period; their house was at the edge of Hell's Half Acre, at 9th and Calhoun. He often tended bar at the Cattlemen's Exchange saloon in the "uptown" part of the city.[28] Reforming citizens objected to the dance halls, where men and women mingled; by contrast, the saloons or gambling parlors had primarily male customers.

Consolidated B-24 Liberators (long-range bombers) at the Consolidated-Vultee Plant, Fort Worth, 1943

In the late 1880s, Mayor Broiles and County Attorney R. L. Carlock initiated a reform campaign. In a public shootout on February 8, 1887, Jim Courtright was killed on Main Street by Luke Short, who claimed he was "King of Fort Worth Gamblers." [27] As Courtright had been popular, when Short was jailed for his murder, rumors floated of lynching him. Short's good friend Bat Masterson
Bat Masterson
came armed and spent the night in his cell to protect him. The first prohibition campaign in Texas
was mounted in Fort Worth in 1889, allowing other business and residential development in the area. Another change was the influx of black residents. Excluded by state segregation from the business end of town and the more costly residential areas, the city's black citizens settled into the southern portion of the city. The popularity and profitability of the Acre declined and more derelicts and the homeless were seen on the streets. By 1900, most of the dance halls and gamblers were gone. Cheap variety shows and prostitution became the chief forms of entertainment. Some politicians sought reforms under the Progressive Era.[27]

President Kennedy in Fort Worth on Friday morning, November 22, 1963. He was assassinated in Dallas
later in the day.

In 1911, the Reverend J. Frank Norris launched an offensive against racetrack gambling in the Baptist Standard and used the pulpit of the First Baptist Church of Fort Worth to attack vice and prostitution. When he began to link certain Fort Worth businessmen with property in the Acre and announce their names from his pulpit, the battle heated up. On February 4, 1912, Norris's church was burned to the ground; that evening, his enemies tossed a bundle of burning oiled rags onto his porch, but the fire was extinguished and caused minimal damage. A month later, the arsonists succeeded in burning down the parsonage. In a sensational trial lasting a month, Norris was charged with perjury and arson in connection with the two fires. He was acquitted, but his continued attacks on the Acre accomplished little until 1917. A new city administration and the federal government, which was eyeing Fort Worth as a potential site for a major military training camp, joined forces with the Baptist preacher to bring down the final curtain on the Acre. The police department compiled statistics showing that 50% of the violent crime in Fort Worth occurred in the Acre, which confirmed respectable citizens' opinion of the area. After Camp Bowie
Camp Bowie
(a World War I Army training installation) was located on the outskirts of Fort Worth in 1917, the military used martial law to regulate prostitutes and barkeepers of the Acre. Fines and stiff jail sentences curtailed their activities. By the time Norris held a mock funeral parade to "bury John Barleycorn" in 1919, the Acre had become a part of Fort Worth history. The name continues to be associated with the southern end of Fort Worth.[29] Late 20th and early 21st centuries[edit]

1920 panorama

On March 28, 2000, at 6:15 pm, an F3 (some estimates claim an F4) tornado smashed through downtown, tearing many buildings into shreds and scrap metal. One of the hardest-hit structures was the Bank One Tower, which was one of the dominant features of the Fort Worth skyline and which had Reata, a popular restaurant, on its top floor. It has since been converted to upscale condominiums and officially renamed "The Tower". This was the first major tornado to strike Fort Worth proper since the early 1940s.[30] When oil began to gush in West Texas
in the early 20th century, and again in the late 1970s, Fort Worth was at the center of the wheeling and dealing. In July 2007, advances in horizontal drilling technology made vast natural gas reserves in the Barnett Shale
Barnett Shale
available directly under the city, helping many residents receive royalty checks for their mineral rights.[citation needed] Today, the city of Fort Worth and many residents are dealing with the benefits and issues associated with the natural gas reserves under ground.[31][32] Fort Worth was the fastest-growing large city in the United States from 2000 to 2006[33] and was voted one of "America's Most Livable Communities."[34] Geography and climate[edit] Fort Worth is located in North Texas, and has a generally humid subtropical climate.[35] It is part of the Cross Timbers
Cross Timbers
region;[36] this region is a boundary between the more heavily forested eastern parts and the rolling hills and prairies of the central part. Specifically, the city is part of the Grand Prairie ecoregion within the Cross Timbers.

Downtown Fort Worth at night

The Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex
Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex
is the hub of the North Texas region. According to the United States
United States
Bureau, the city has a total area of 298.9 square miles (774 km2), of which 292.5 square miles (758 km2) is land and 6.3 square miles (16 km2) (2.12%) is covered by water. A large storage dam was completed in 1914 on the West Fork of the Trinity River, 7 miles (11 km) from the city, with a storage capacity of 33,495 acre feet of water.[37] The lake formed by this dam is known as Lake Worth. The city is not entirely contiguous and has several enclaves, practical enclaves, semi-enclaves and cities that are otherwise completely or nearly surrounded by it, including: Westworth Village, River Oaks, Saginaw, Blue Mound, Benbrook, Everman, Forest Hill, Edgecliff Village, Westover Hills, White Settlement, Sansom Park, Lake Worth, Lakeside, and Haslet. Cityscape[edit] See also: List of neighborhoods in Fort Worth, Texas Architecture[edit]

Aerial view of Sundance Square
Sundance Square
in 2008

Downtown is mainly known for its Art Deco-style buildings. The Tarrant County Courthouse was created in the American Beaux Arts design, which was modeled after the Texas
State Capitol building. Most of the structures around Sundance Square
Sundance Square
have preserved their early 20th-century façades. Downtown has a unique rustic architecture. Natural gas
Natural gas
wells[edit] The city of Fort Worth contains over 1000 natural gas wells (December 2009 count) tapping the Barnett Shale. Each well site is a bare patch of gravel 2–5 acres (8,100–20,200 m2) in size. As city ordinances permit them in all zoning categories, including residential, well sites can be found in a variety of locations. Some wells are surrounded by masonry fences, but most are secured by chain link.

Surrounding municipalities

River Oaks (4.9 miles) Saginaw (11.5 miles) Blue Mound (9.7 miles) Haltom City (5.5 miles)

Westworth Village (7.5 miles)

Fort Worth

Arlington (15 miles)

Benbrook (11.6 miles) Edgecliff Village (8.7 miles) Burleson (15.8 miles) Forest Hill (8.6 miles)

Climate[edit] Fort Worth has a humid subtropical climate according to the Köppen climate classification system[38] and is within USDA hardiness zone 8a. The hottest month of the year is July, when the average high temperature is 95 °F (35.0 °C), and overnight low temperatures average 72 °F (22.2 °C), giving an average temperature of 84 °F (28.9 °C).[39] The coldest month of the year is January, when the average high temperature is 55 °F (12.8 °C) and low temperatures average 31 °F (−0.6 °C).[39] The average temperature in January is 43 °F (6 °C).[39] The highest temperature ever recorded in Fort Worth is 113 °F (45.0 °C), on June 26, 1980, during the Great 1980 Heat Wave,[40] and June 27, 1980.[41] The coldest temperature ever recorded in Fort Worth was −8 °F (−22.2 °C) on February 12, 1899.[42] Because of its position in North Texas, Fort Worth is very susceptible to supercell thunderstorms, which produce large hail and can produce tornados. The average annual precipitation for Fort Worth is 34.01 inches (863.9 mm).[39] The wettest month of the year is May, when an average of 4.58 inches (116.3 mm) of precipitation falls.[39] The driest month of the year is January, when only 1.70 inches (43.2 mm) of precipitation falls.[39] The driest calendar year since records began has been 1921 with 17.91 inches (454.9 mm) and the wettest 2015 with 62.61 inches (1,590.3 mm). The wettest calendar month has been April 1922 with 17.64 inches (448.1 mm), including 8.56 inches (217.4 mm) on April 25. The average annual snowfall in Fort Worth is 2.6 inches (0.07 m).[43] The most snowfall in one month has been 13.5 inches (0.34 m) in February 1978, and the most in a season 17.6 inches (0.45 m) in 1977/1978. The National Weather Service office which serves the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex is based in the northeastern part of Fort Worth.[44]

Climate data for Fort Worth, Texas

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 80 (27) 79 (26) 87 (31) 92 (33) 97 (36) 102 (39) 110 (43) 113 (45) 111 (44) 103 (39) 95 (35) 83 (28) 113 (45)

Average high °F (°C) 54.1 (12.3) 60.1 (15.6) 68.3 (20.2) 75.9 (24.4) 83.2 (28.4) 91.1 (32.8) 95.4 (35.2) 94.8 (34.9) 87.7 (30.9) 77.9 (25.5) 65.1 (18.4) 56.5 (13.6) 75.84 (24.35)

Daily mean °F (°C) 44.1 (6.7) 49.4 (9.7) 57.4 (14.1) 65.0 (18.3) 73.1 (22.8) 80.9 (27.2) 85.0 (29.4) 84.4 (29.1) 77.5 (25.3) 67.2 (19.6) 55.1 (12.8) 46.7 (8.2) 65.48 (18.6)

Average low °F (°C) 34.0 (1.1) 38.7 (3.7) 46.4 (8) 54.0 (12.2) 63.0 (17.2) 70.7 (21.5) 74.6 (23.7) 74.0 (23.3) 67.2 (19.6) 56.4 (13.6) 45.1 (7.3) 36.8 (2.7) 55.08 (12.83)

Record low °F (°C) −7 (−22) −5 (−21) −2 (−19) 21 (−6) 32 (0) 43 (6) 52 (11) 59 (15) 31 (−1) 24 (−4) −3 (−19) −5 (−21) −7 (−22)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.89 (48) 2.37 (60.2) 3.06 (77.7) 3.20 (81.3) 5.15 (130.8) 3.23 (82) 2.12 (53.8) 2.03 (51.6) 2.42 (61.5) 4.11 (104.4) 2.57 (65.3) 2.57 (65.3) 34.72 (881.9)

Average precipitation days 7.2 6.1 7.5 7.2 9.3 7.2 4.7 4.5 5.8 7.1 6.7 6.5 79.8

Source: National Climatic Data Center[45]

Demographics[edit] Main article: People of Fort Worth

Historical population

Census Pop.

1880 6,663

1890 23,076


1900 26,668


1910 73,312


1920 106,482


1930 163,447


1940 177,662


1950 278,778


1960 356,268


1970 393,476


1980 385,164


1990 447,619


2000 534,697


2010 741,206


Est. 2016 854,113 [46] 15.2%

U.S. Decennial Census[47] 2013 Estimate[48]

Racial composition 2010[49] 1990[50] 1970[50] 1940[50]

White 61.6% 63.8% 79.4% 85.7%

—Non-Hispanic 41.7% 56.5% 72.0%[51] n/a

Black or African American 18.9% 22.0% 19.9% 14.2%

Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 34.1% 19.5% 7.9%[51] n/a

Asian 3.7% 2.0% 0.1% -

Map of racial distribution in Fort Worth, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people: White, Black, Asian Hispanic, or Other (yellow)

According to the 2010 census, the racial composition of Fort Worth was:

White: 61.1% (non-Hispanic Whites: 41.7%) Black or African American: 18.9% Native American: 0.6% Asian: 3.7% (1.0% Vietnamese, 0.6% Indian, 0.4% Laotian, 0.3% Filipino, 0.3% Korean, 0.3% Chinese, 0.1% Pakistani, 0.1% Burmese, 0.1% Cambodian, 0.1% Nepalese, 0.1% Thai, 0.1% Japanese) Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander: 0.1% Two or more races: 3.1% Hispanic or Latino (of any race): 34.1% (29.6% Mexican, 1.3% Salvadoran, 0.8% Puerto Rican, 0.6% Honduran, 0.4% Guatemalan, 0.2% Cuban)

As of the census of 2000, 534,694 people, 195,078 households, and 127,581 families resided in the city. The July 2004 census estimates have placed Fort Worth in the top 20 most populous cities (# 19) in the U.S. with the population at 604,538. Fort Worth is also in the top five cities with the largest numerical increase from July 1, 2003 to July 1, 2004, with 17,872 more people or a 3.1% increase.[52] The population density was 1,827.8 people per square mile (705.7/km²). There were 211,035 housing units at an average density of 721.4 per square mile (278.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 59.69% White, 20.26% Black or African American, 0.59% Native American, 2.64% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 14.05% from other races, and 2.72% from two or more races. About 29.81% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race. In 1970, the Census
Bureau reported Fort Worth's population as 72% non-Hispanic White, 19.9% Black, and 7.9% Hispanic.[50] Of the 195,078 households, 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.8% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were not families; 9,599 were unmarried partner households: 8,202 heterosexual, 676 same-sex male, and 721 same-sex female households. About 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.33. In the city, the population was distributed as 28.3% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 32.7% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $37,074, and for a family was $42,939. Males had a median income of $31,663 versus $25,917 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,800. About 12.7% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.4% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over. Economy[edit] Major companies based in Fort Worth include American Airlines
American Airlines
Group (and subsidiaries American Airlines
American Airlines
and Envoy Air), D. R. Horton, the John Peter Smith Hospital, Pier 1
Pier 1
Imports, RadioShack, and the BNSF Railway. In 2013, Fort Worth-Arlington ranked 15th on Forbes' list of the Best Places for Business
and Careers.[53] In 2018 GE Transportation
GE Transportation
is relocating locomotive production from Erie, Pennsylvania
Erie, Pennsylvania
to Fort Worth. Top employers[edit] According to the city's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[54] the top employers in the Fort Worth area are:

# Employer Number of employees

1 Lockheed Martin
Lockheed Martin
Aeronautics 13,500

2 Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth 11,400

3 Fort Worth Independent School District 10,100

4 American Airlines
American Airlines
Group 6,500

5 City
of Fort Worth 6,100

6 JPS Health Network 4,300

7 Harris Methodist Hospital 4,000

8 Bell Helicopter 3,800

9 Alcon 3,300

10 Cook Children's Health Care System 3,100

Culture[edit] Building on its frontier western heritage and a history of strong local arts patronage, Fort Worth promotes itself as the " City
of Cowboys and Culture".[55] Fort Worth has the world's first and largest indoor rodeo, world class museums, a calendar of festivals and a robust local arts scene. Arts and sciences[edit]


Bass Performance Hall, Casa Mañana, Stage West Theatre, Kids Who Care Inc., Jubilee Theater, Circle Theatre, Amphibian Stage Productions


American Airlines
American Airlines
DC-3 NC21798 "Flagship Knoxville" on permanent Display at the CR Smith Museum

Kimbell Art Museum, Amon Carter Museum of American Art, Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, Sid Richardson Museum, Fort Worth Museum of Science and History, National Cowgirl Museum and Hall of Fame, Military Museum of Fort Worth, Texas
Civil War Museum, Texas
Cowboy Hall of Fame, Fort Worth Stockyards
Fort Worth Stockyards
Museum, Al and Ann Stohlman Museum, Lenora Rolla Heritage Center Museum, National Multicultural Western Heritage Museum, CR Smith Museum.


Fort Worth Symphony Orchestra, Billy Bob's, Texas
Ballet Theater, Van Cliburn International Piano Competition, Fort Worth Opera, Live Eclectic Music (Ridglea Theater[56]) The Academy of Western Artists, based in Gene Autry, Oklahoma
Gene Autry, Oklahoma
presents its annual awards in Fort Worth in fields related to the American cowboy, including music, literature, and even chuckwagon cooking.[57]


The Fort Worth Zoo
Fort Worth Zoo
is home to over 5000 animals and has been named as a top zoo in the nation by Family Life magazine, the Los Angeles Times, and USA Today and one of the top zoos in the South by Southern Living Reader's Choice Awards; it has been ranked in the top 10 zoos in the United States. The Fort Worth Botanic Garden
Fort Worth Botanic Garden
and the Botanical Research Institute of Texas
are also in the city. For those interested in hiking, birding, or canoeing, the Fort Worth Nature Center and Refuge in northwest Fort Worth is a 3621-acre preserved natural area designated by the Department of the Interior as a National Natural Landmark Site in 1980. Established in 1964 as the Greer Island Nature Center and Refuge, it celebrated its 50th anniversary in 2014. The Nature Center has small, genetically pure bison herd, a resident prairie dog town, and the prairie upon which they live. It is one of the largest urban parks of its type in the U.S. Parks Fort Worth has a total of 263 parks with 179 of those being neighborhood parks. The total acres of park land is 11,700.72 acres with the average being about 12.13 acres per park.[58] There are two off-leash dog parks located in the city, ZBonz Dog Park and Fort Woof. Fort Woof was recognized by Dog Fancy Magazine as the No. 1 Dog Park in the Nation in 2006, and as City
Voter's the Best Dog Park in the Metroplex in 2009. The park includes an agility course, water fountains, shaded shelters and waste stations.[59] Sports and recreation[edit] While much of Fort Worth's sports attention is focused on the Metroplex's professional sports teams, the city has its own athletic identity. The TCU Horned Frogs
TCU Horned Frogs
compete in NCAA Division I athletics, including the football team, consistently ranked in the top 25, and the baseball team, which has competed in the last six NCAA tournaments and 3 straight College World Series, coming within a win of making the College World Series
College World Series
finals in 2009 and 2016. The women's basketball team has competed in the last seven NCAA tournaments. Texas
Wesleyan University competes in the NAIA, and won the 2006 NAIA Div. I Men's Basketball championship and three-time National Collegiate Table Tennis Association (NCTTA) team championships (2004–2006). Fort Worth is also home to the NCAA football Bell Helicopter
Bell Helicopter
Armed Forces Bowl, as well as four minor-league professional sports teams. One of these minor league teams, the Fort Worth Cats
Fort Worth Cats
baseball team, was reborn in 2001. The original Cats were a very popular minor league team in Fort Worth from the 19th century (when they were called the Panthers) until 1960, when the team was merged into the Dallas Rangers. TCU Horned Frogs[edit] Main article: TCU Horned Frogs The presence of Texas
Christian University less than 5 miles (8 km) from downtown and national competitiveness in football, baseball, and men's and women's basketball have sustained TCU as an important part of Fort Worth's sports scene. The Horned Frog football team produced two national championships in the 1930s and remained a strong competitor in the Southwest Conference into the 1960s before beginning a long period of underperformance. The revival of the TCU football program began under Coach Dennis Franchione with the success of running back LaDainian Tomlinson. Under Head Coach Gary Patterson, the Horned Frogs have developed into a perennial top-10 contender, and a Rose Bowl winner in 2011. Notable players include Sammy Baugh, Davey O'Brien, Bob Lilly, LaDainian Tomlinson, Jerry Hughes, and Andy Dalton. The Horned Frogs, along with their rivals and fellow non-AQ leaders the Boise State Broncos and University of Utah Utes, were deemed the quintessential "BCS Busters", having appeared in both the Fiesta and Rose Bowls. Their "BCS Buster" role ended in 2012 when they joined the Big 12
Big 12
athletic conference in all sports. The Horned Frog football teams have one of the best winning percentages of any school in the Football Bowl Subdivision
Football Bowl Subdivision
in recent years. Colonial National Invitational Golf Tournament[edit] Fort Worth hosts an important professional men's golf tournament every May at the Colonial Country Club. The Colonial Invitational Golf Tournament, now officially known as the Fort Worth Invitational, is one of the more prestigious and historical events of the tour calendar. The Colonial Country Club was the home course of golfing legend Ben Hogan, who was from Fort Worth. Professional sports teams[edit] The Fort Worth Cats
Fort Worth Cats
were a professional baseball team that played in the city and was founded in 2001, as part of the All-American Association. Their home venue was LaGrave Field. The team was disbanded when the league they played in, United League Baseball, formally ceased operation due to low attendance. Fort Worth Vaqueros FC
Fort Worth Vaqueros FC
are a minor league soccer team[60] which began play in the summer of 2014. They are part of the National Premier Soccer League and play their home games at Martin Field.

Stock Car Race at Texas
Motor Speedway

Motor racing[edit] Fort Worth is home to Texas
Motor Speedway, also known as "The Great American Speedway". Texas
Motor Speedway is a 1.5-mile quad-oval track located in the far northern part of the city in Denton County. The speedway opened in 1997, and currently hosts an IndyCar
event and six NASCAR
events among three major race weekends a year.[61][62] Amateur sports-car racing in the greater Fort Worth area occurs mostly at two purpose-built tracks: Motorsport Ranch
and Eagles Canyon Raceway. Sanctioning bodies include the Porsche Club of America, the National Auto Sports Association, and the Sports Car Club of America. Cowtown Marathon[edit] The annual Cowtown Marathon has been held every last weekend in February since 1978. The two-day activities include two 5Ks, a 10K, the half marathon, marathon, and ultra marathon. With just under 27,000 participants in 2013, the Cowtown is the largest multiple-distance event in Texas. Government[edit]

Downtown U.S. Post Office in Fort Worth

government[edit] Fort Worth has a council-manager government, with elections held every two years for a mayor, elected at large, and eight council members, elected by district. The mayor is a voting member of the council and represents the city on ceremonial occasions. The council has the power to adopt municipal ordinances and resolutions, make proclamations, set the city tax rate, approve the city budget, and appoint the city secretary, city attorney, city auditor, municipal court judges, and members of city boards and commissions. The day-to-day operations of city government are overseen by the city manager, who is also appointed by the council.[63] The current mayor is Republican Betsy Price, making Fort Worth the largest city in the United States
United States
with a female mayor.[64] City

Office Name

Mayor Betsy Price

Council, District 2 Carlos Flores

Council, District 3 Brian Byrd

Council, District 4 Cary Moon

Council, District 5 Gyna Bivens

Council, District 6 Jungus Jordan

Council, District 7 Dennis Shingleton

Council, District 8 Kelly Allen Gray

Council, District 9 Ann Zadeh


Fort Worth Police Department
Fort Worth Police Department
- provides crime prevention, investigation, and other emergency services. Fort Worth Fire Department
Fort Worth Fire Department
- provides fire and emergency services. Fort Worth Library
Fort Worth Library
- public library system of the City
of Fort Worth.

State Government[edit] State Board of Education members[66][edit]

District Name Party

  District 11 Patricia Hardy Republican

  District 13 Erika Beltran Democratic

State Representatives[67][edit]

District Name Party Residence

  District 61 Phil King Republican Weatherford

  District 63 Tan Parker Republican Flower Mound

  District 90 Ramon Romero Jr. Democratic Fort Worth

  District 91 Stephanie Klick Republican Fort Worth

  District 92 Jonathan Stickland Republican Bedford

  District 93 Matt Krause Republican Arlington

  District 95 Nicole Collier Democratic Fort Worth

  District 96 Bill Zedler Republican Arlington

  District 97 Craig Goldman Republican Fort Worth

  District 98 Giovanni Capriglione Republican Southlake

  District 99 Charlie Geren Republican River Oaks

State Senators[68][edit]

District Name Party Residence

  District 9 Kelly Hancock Republican Fort Worth

  District 10 Konni Burton Republican Colleyville

  District 12 Jane Nelson Republican Flower Mound

  District 30 Craig Estes Republican Wichita Falls

State Facilities[edit] The Texas
Department of Transportation operates the Fort Worth District Office in Fort Worth.[69] The North Texas
Intermediate Sanction Facility, a privately operated prison facility housing short-term parole violators, was in Fort Worth. It was operated on behalf of the Texas
Department of Criminal Justice. In 2011, the state of Texas
decided not to renew its contract with the facility.[70] Federal Government[edit] United States
United States

District Name Party Residence

  Texas's 6th congressional district Joe Barton Republican Arlington

  Texas's 12th congressional district Kay Granger Republican Fort Worth

  Texas's 24th congressional district Kenny Marchant Republican Coppell

  Texas's 26th congressional district Michael Burgess Republican Lewisville

  Texas's 33rd congressional district Marc Veasey Democratic Fort Worth

Federal facilities[edit] Fort Worth is home to one of the two locations of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. In 1987, construction on this second facility began. In addition to meeting increased production requirements, a western location was seen to serve as a contingency operation in case of emergencies in the Washington, DC, metropolitan area; as well, costs for transporting currency to Federal Reserve banks in San Francisco, Dallas, and Kansas
would be reduced. Currency production began in December 1990 at the Fort Worth facility, the official dedication took place April 26, 1991. The Eldon B. Mahon United States
United States
Courthouse building contains three oil-on-canvas panels on the fourth floor by artist Frank Mechau (commissioned under the Public Works Administration's art program).[72] Mechau's paintings, The Taking of Sam Bass, Two Texas Rangers, and Flags Over Texas
were installed in 1940, becoming the only New Deal art commission sponsored in Fort Worth. The courthouse, built in 1933, serves the United States
United States
District Court for the Northern District of Texas
and was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 2001. Federal Medical Center, Carswell, a federal prison and health facility for women, is located in the Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth.[73] Carswell houses the federal death row for female inmates.[74] The Federal Aviation Administration, National Archives and Records Administration, and Federal Bureau of Investigation
Federal Bureau of Investigation
have offices in Fort Worth. Education[edit] Public libraries[edit] Fort Worth Library
Fort Worth Library
is the public library system. Public schools[edit] Most of Fort Worth is served by the Fort Worth Independent School District. Other school districts that serve portions of Fort Worth include:

Arlington Independent School District (wastewater plant only) Azle Independent School District Birdville Independent School District Burleson Independent School District Castleberry Independent School District Crowley Independent School District Eagle Mountain-Saginaw Independent School District Everman Independent School District Hurst-Euless-Bedford Independent School District Keller Independent School District Kennedale Independent School District Lake Worth Independent School District Mansfield Independent School District (residential) Northwest Independent School District White Settlement Independent School District

The portion of Fort Worth within the Arlington Independent School District contains a wastewater plant. No residential areas are in the portion. Pinnacle Academy of the Arts (K-12) is a state charter school, as is Crosstimbers Academy. Private schools[edit] Private schools in Fort Worth include both secular and parochial.

All Saints' Episcopal School (Fort Worth, TX) (PreK-12) Bethesda Christian School (K-12) Colleyville Covenant Christian Academy
Colleyville Covenant Christian Academy
(PreK-12) Covenant Classical School (K-12) Fort Worth Christian School
Fort Worth Christian School
(K-12) Fort Worth Country Day School (K-12) Lake Country Christian School (K-12) Nolan Catholic High School
Nolan Catholic High School
(9-12) Trinity Valley School (K-12) Temple Christian School (PreK-12) Trinity Baptist Temple Academy (K-12) Hill School of Fort Worth
Hill School of Fort Worth
(2–12) Southwest Christian School (K-12) St. Paul Lutheran School (K-8) The Roman Catholic Diocese of Fort Worth
Roman Catholic Diocese of Fort Worth
oversees several Catholic elementary and middle schools.[75]

Institutes of higher education[edit] Further information: List of colleges and universities in Fort Worth, Texas

Christian University Texas
Wesleyan University University of Texas
at Arlington - Downtown Fort Worth campus University of North Texas
Health Science Center Texas
A&M University School of Law Tarleton State University
Tarleton State University
- Fort Worth campus Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary Brite Divinity School Tarrant County College

Other institutions:

The Art Institute of Fort Worth Brightwood College - Fort Worth Campus Fisher More College Remington College Fort Worth campus Westwood College
Westwood College
Fort Worth campus The Culinary School of Fort Worth Epic Helicopters Pilot Training Academy

Media[edit] See also: List of newspapers in Texas, List of radio stations in Texas, and List of television stations in Texas Fort Worth is shared by Dallas's media market. Magazines[edit] The city's magazine is Fort Worth, Texas
Magazine, which publishes information about Fort Worth events, social activity, fashion, dining, and culture.[76] Radio stations[edit] Many radio stations are in and around Fort Worth, with many different formats. AM[edit] On the AM dial, like in all other markets, political talk radio is prevalent, with WBAP 820, KLIF 570, KEXB 620, KSKY
660, KRLD 1080 the conservative talk stations serving Fort Worth and KMNY
1360 the sole progressive talk station serving the city. KFXR 1190 is a news/talk/classic country station. Sports talk can be found on KTCK 1310 ("The Ticket"). WBAP, a 50,000-watt clear-channel station which can be heard over much of the country at night, was a long-successful country music station before converting to its current talk format. Several religious stations are also on AM in the Dallas/Fort Worth area; KHVN 970 and KGGR 1040 are the local urban gospel stations and KKGM
1630 has a Southern gospel format. Fort Worth's Spanish-speaking population is served by many stations on AM:

540 KFJZ
870 KHFX 1140 KFLC 1270 KTNO 1440 KBXD 1480 KZMP 1540 KRVA 1600

A few mixed Asian language stations serve Fort Worth:

KHSE 700 KTXV 890 KZEE 1220

Other formats found on the Fort Worth AM dial are urban KKDA 730, business talk KJSA 1120, country station KCLE 1460. FM[edit] KLNO
is a commercial radio station licensed to Fort Worth. Long-time Fort Worth resident Marcos A. Rodriguez
Marcos A. Rodriguez
operated Dallas
Fort Worth radio stations KLTY and KESS on 94.1 FM. Noncommercial stations serve the city fairly well. Three college stations can be heard - KTCU 88.7, KCBI 90.9, and KNTU
88.1, with a variety of programming. Also, the local NPR station is KERA 90.1, along with community radio station KNON 89.3. Downtown Fort Worth also hosts the Texas
Country radio station KFWR
95.9 The Ranch. A wide variety of commercial formats, mostly music, are on the FM dial in Fort Worth. See also: Template: Dallas
Fort Worth Radio Internet radio stations and shows[edit] When local radio station KOAI 107.5 FM, now KMVK, dropped its smooth jazz format, fans set up smoothjazz1075.com, an internet radio station, to broadcast smooth jazz for disgruntled fans. A couple of internet radio shows are in the Fort Worth area, DFDubbIsHot and The Broadband Brothers. Television stations[edit] Fort Worth shares a television market with nearby Dallas. Owned-and-operated stations of their affiliated networks are highlighted in bold.

– FOX Channel 4 KXAS-TV
– NBC Channel 5 WFAA
– ABC Channel 8 KTVT
– CBS Channel 11 KERA – PBS Channel 13 KTXA
– Independent Channel 21 KDFI
– MNTV Channel 27 KDAF
– CW Channel 33 KFWD
– Independent Channel 52 K31GL-D – TV31.4

Newspapers[edit] Fort Worth has one newspaper published daily, the Fort Worth Star-Telegram. The Star-Telegram is the 45-most widely circulated newspaper in the United States, with a daily circulation of 210,990 and a Sunday circulation of 304,200. The Fort Worth Weekly is an alternative weekly newspaper that serves the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex. The newspaper had an approximate circulation of 47,000 in 2015.[77] The Fort Worth Weekly publishes every Wednesday and features, among many things, news reporting, cultural event guides, movie reviews, and editorials. Fort Worth Business
Press is a weekly publication that chronicles news in the Fort Worth business community. Fort Worth, Texas
Magazine is a monthly publication that highlights the social and cultural life of the city. The Fort Worth Press was a daily newspaper, published weekday afternoons and on Sundays from 1921 until 1975. It was owned by the E. W. Scripps Company and published under the then-prominent Scripps-Howard Lighthouse logo. The paper reportedly last made money in the early 1950s. Scripps Howard stayed with the paper until mid-1975. Circulation had dwindled to fewer than 30,000 daily, just more than 10% of that of the Fort Worth Star Telegram. The name Fort Worth Press was resurrected briefly in a new Fort Worth Press paper operated by then-former publisher Bill McAda and briefer still by William Dean Singleton, then-owner of the weekly Azle (Texas) News, now owner of the Media Central news group. The Fort Worth Press operated from offices and presses at 500 Jones Street in downtown Fort Worth.[78] Transportation[edit]

The Trinity Railway Express
Trinity Railway Express
makes a stop in downtown Fort Worth

Like most cities that grew quickly after World War II, Fort Worth's main mode of transportation is the automobile, but bus transportation via The T is available, as well as an interurban train service to Dallas
via the Trinity Railway Express. History[edit] Electric streetcars[edit]

Interurban Line between Fort Worth and Dallas, Texas
(postcard, circa 1902–1924)

The first streetcar company in Fort Worth was the Fort Worth Street Railway Company. Its first line began operating in December 1876, and traveled from the courthouse down Main Street to the T&P Depot.[79] By 1890, more than 20 private companies were operating streetcar lines in Fort Worth. The Fort Worth Street Railway Company bought out many of its competitors, and was eventually itself bought out by the Bishop & Sherwin Syndicate in 1901.[80] The new ownership changed the company's name to the Northern Texas
Traction Company, which operated 84 miles of streetcar railways in 1925, and their lines connected downtown Fort Worth to TCU, the Near Southside, Arlington Heights, Lake Como, and the Stockyards. Electric interurban railways[edit] At its peak, the electric interurban industry in Texas
consisted of almost 500 miles of track, making Texas
the second in interurban mileage in all states west of the Mississippi River. Electric interurban railways were prominent in the early 1900s, peaking in the 1910s and fading until all electric interurban railways were abandoned by 1948. Close to three-fourths of the mileage was in the Dallas-Fort Worth area, running between Fort Worth and Dallas
and to other area cities including Cleburne, Denison, Corsicana, and Waco. The line depicted in the associated image was the second to be constructed in Texas
and ran 35 miles between Fort Worth and Dallas. Northern Texas Traction Company built the railway, which was operational from 1902 to 1934.[81] Current transport[edit] In 2009, 80.6% of Fort Worth (city) commuters drive to work alone. The 2009 mode share for Fort Worth (city) commuters are 11.7% for carpooling, 1.5% for transit, 1.2% for walking, and .1% for cycling.[82] In 2015, the American Community Survey estimated modal shares for Fort Worth (city) commuters of 82% for driving alone, 12% for carpooling, .8% for riding transit, 1.8% for walking, and .3% for cycling.[83] Roads[edit] Fort Worth is served by four interstates and three U.S. highways. It also contains a number of arterial streets in a grid formation. Interstate highways 30, 20, 35W, and 820 all pass through the city limits. Interstate 820
Interstate 820
is a loop of Interstate 20
Interstate 20
and serves as a beltway for the city. Interstate 30
Interstate 30
and Interstate 20
Interstate 20
connect Fort Worth to Arlington, Grand Prairie, and Dallas. Interstate 35W connects Fort Worth with Hillsboro to the south and the cities of Denton and Gainesville to the north.

I-20 in southern Fort Worth

U.S. Route 287
U.S. Route 287
runs southeast through the city connecting Wichita Falls to the north and Mansfield to the south. U.S. Route 377
U.S. Route 377
runs south through the northern suburbs of Haltom City
and Keller through the central business district. U.S. Route 81
U.S. Route 81
shares a concurrency with highway 287 on the portion northwest of I-35W. Notable state highways:

State Highway 114 (east-west) Texas
State Highway 183 (east-west) Texas
State Highway 121 (north-south)

(List of Dallas-Fort Worth area freeways) Public transportation[edit]

"The T" bus in Ft. Worth, April 2005

The Fort Worth Transportation Authority, better known as The T, serves Fort Worth with dozens of different bus routes throughout the city, including a downtown bus circulator known as Molly the Trolley. The T operates buses in the suburbs of Richland Hills
Richland Hills
(route 41) and Arlington (MAX).[84] In 2010, Fort Worth won a $25 million Federal Urban Circulator grant to build a streetcar system.[85] In December 2010, though, the city council forfeited the grant by voting to end the streetcar study.[86] Rail transportation[edit]

The Trinity Railway Express
Trinity Railway Express
is a commuter rail line that connects downtown Fort Worth with downtown Dallas
and several suburban stations between the two major cities.[87] Two Amtrak
routes stop at the Fort Worth Intermodal Transportation Center: The Heartland Flyer
Heartland Flyer
and Texas


Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport
Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport
is a major commercial airport located between the major cities of Fort Worth and Dallas. DFW Airport is the world's third-busiest airport based on operations and tenth-busiest airport based on passengers.[88]

Prior to the construction of DFW, the city was served by Greater Southwest International Airport, which was located just to the south of the new airport. Originally named Amon Carter Field after one of the city's influential mayors, Greater Southwest opened in 1953 and operated as the primary airport for Fort Worth until 1974. It was then abandoned until the terminal was torn down in 1980. The site of the former airport is now a mixed-use development straddled by Texas
State Highway 183 and 360. One small section of runway remains north of Highway 183, and serves as the only reminder that a major commercial airport once occupied the site. Fort Worth is home to these four airports within city limits:

Fort Worth Alliance Airport Fort Worth Meacham International Airport Fort Worth Spinks Airport Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth

Walkability[edit] A 2011 study by Walk Score
Walk Score
ranked Fort Worth 47th-most walkable of 50 largest U.S. cities.[89] Biking The Fort Worth Bike Sharing is a nonprofit organization that controls Fort Worth B-Cycle, a bike-sharing program introduced to the area on April 22, 2013. There are 45 stations across the city with 350 bikes available for rent all day, every day of the year. These areas include Downtown, the Cultural District, the Trinity Trails, the Stockyards, Near Southside and on TCU's campus. Their mission is to "enhance our community by providing an affordable, efficient, environmentally-friendly bike share program that complements our existing public transportation system and provides both residents and visitors a healthy, convenient way to move around our city".[90] Notable people[edit] Main article: List of people from Fort Worth, Texas Sister cities[edit] Fort Worth is a part of the Sister Cities International
Sister Cities International
program and maintains cultural and economic exchange programs with its eight sister cities.[91][92]

Reggio Emilia, Italy
(1985) Nagaoka, Niigata
Nagaoka, Niigata
Prefecture, Japan
(1987) Trier, Germany
(1987) Bandung, Indonesia
(1990) Budapest, Hungary
(1990)[93] Toluca, Mexico
(1998) Mbabane, Swaziland
(2004) Guiyang, China

See also[edit]

Fort Worth United Soccer Club List of museums in North Texas Trinity River Vision Project

– Fort Worth Metroplex portal Texas


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Christian University Press. p. 85. ISBN 0-87565-077-5.  ^ Knight, Oliver. Fort Worth: Outpost on the Trinity. Fort Worth: Texas
Christian University Press. p. 133. ISBN 0-87565-077-5.  ^ Robert A. Rieder, "Electric Interurban Railways," Handbook of Texas Online [3], accessed March 23, 2012. Published by the Texas
State Historical Association. ^ Yonah Freemark (October 13, 2010). "Transit Mode Share Trends Looking Steady; Rail Appears to Encourage Non-Automobile Commutes". Transport Politic. Retrieved October 31, 2017.  ^ "2015 American Community Survey, 1-year estimates: Commuting Characteristics by Sex". American Fact Finder. U.S. Census
Bureau. Retrieved October 31, 2017.  ^ "Home – FWTA". FWTA. Retrieved August 27, 2017.  ^ Freemark, Yonah. "Fort Worth Wins Grant for Streetcar, But Whether It's Ready Is Another Question". Retrieved April 30, 2012.  ^ Wolinsky, Robert (December 8, 2010). "Fort Worth Council Votes Against Streetcar Project, Gives Up $25 Million in Federal Grant". Retrieved April 30, 2012.  ^ "Stations". trinityrailwayexpress.org. Retrieved March 3, 2016.  ^ "dfwairport.com - DFW Fast Facts". dfwairport.com. Archived from the original on July 12, 2015. Retrieved March 3, 2016.  ^ "2011 City
and Neighborhood Rankings". Walk Score. 2011. Retrieved August 28, 2011.  ^ "Who We Are". fortworth.bcycle.com. Retrieved November 8, 2016.  ^ Mae Ferguson, Executive Director Fort Worth Sister Cities International. "The Programs and Exchanges of Fort Worth Sister Cities". Retrieved May 11, 2015.  ^ "Fort Worth". Sister Cities International. Retrieved April 11, 2014.  ^ " Budapest
- Testvérvárosok" [ Budapest
- Twin Cities]. Budapest Főváros Önkormányzatának hivatalos oldala [Official site of the Municipality of Budapest] (in Hungarian). Archived from the original on August 9, 2013. Retrieved August 14, 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

Cervantez, Brian. "'For the Exclusive Benefit of Fort Worth': Amon G. Carter, the Great Depression, and the New Deal." Southwestern Historical Quarterly 119.2 (2015): 120-146. Delia Ann Hendricks, The History of Cattle and Oil in Tarrant County (M.A. thesis, Texas
Christian University, 1969). Oliver Knight, Fort Worth, Outpost on the Trinity (Norman: University of Oklahoma
Press, 1953). Richard G. Miller, "Fort Worth and the Progressive Era: The Movement for Charter Revision, 1899–1907", in Essays on Urban America, ed. Margaret Francine Morris and Elliot West (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1975). Ruth Gregory Newman, The Industrialization of Fort Worth (M.A. thesis, North Texas
State University, 1950). Buckley B. Paddock, History of Texas: Fort Worth and the Texas Northwest Edition (4 vols., Chicago: Lewis, 1922). J'Nell Pate, Livestock Legacy: The Fort Worth Stockyards, 1887–1987 (College Station: Texas
A&M University Press, 1988). Warren H. Plasters, A History of Amusements in Fort Worth from the Beginning to 1879 (M.A. thesis, Texas
Christian University, 1947). Robert H. Talbert, Cowtown-Metropolis: Case Study of a City's Growth and Structure (Fort Worth: Texas
Christian University, 1956). Joseph C. Terrell, Reminiscences of the Early Days of Fort Worth (Fort Worth, 1906). Farber, James (1960). Fort Worth in the Civil War. Belton, Texas: Peter Hansborough Bell Press.  Garrett, Julia Kathryn (1972). Fort Worth: A Frontier
Triumph. Austin: Encino.  Knight, Oliver (1953). Fort Worth, Outpost on the Trinity. Norman: University of Oklahoma
Press.  Miller, Richard G. (1975). "Fort Worth and the Progressive Era: The Movement for Charter Revision, 1899–1907". In Morris, Margaret Francine; West, Elliot. Essays on Urban America. Austin: University of Texas
Press.  Pate, J'Nell (1988). Livestock Legacy: The Fort Worth Stockyards, 1887–1987. College Station: Texas
A&M University Press.  Pinkney, Kathryn Currie (2003). From stockyards to defense plants, the transformation of a city: Fort Worth, Texas, and World War II. Ph.D. thesis, University of North Texas.  Sanders, Leonard (1973). How Fort Worth Became the Texasmost City. Fort Worth: Amon Carter Museum.  Talbert, Robert H. (1956). Cowtown-Metropolis: Case Study of a City's Growth and Structure. Fort Worth: Texas
Christian University. 

External links[edit]

Find more aboutFort Worth, Texasat's sister projects

Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Travel guide from Wikivoyage Learning resources from Wikiversity

Official sites and resources[edit]

of Fort Worth official website Fort Worth Convention and Visitors Bureau Downtown Fort Worth official website Fort Worth Business
Directory Fort Worth, Texas
from the Handbook of Texas

Digital collections[edit]

Fort Worth... The Way We Were Fort Worth Library
Fort Worth Library
Digital Archives W.D. Smith Commercial Photography The Reeder Children's Theatre Presents... Memories of Fort Worth's Reeder School Time Frames Online. University of Texas
Arlington Library Special Collections


Geographic data related to Fort Worth, Texas
at OpenStreetMap

Articles Relating to Fort Worth and Tarrant County

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Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington


Collin Dallas Denton Ellis Hood Hunt Johnson Kaufman Parker Rockwall Somervell Tarrant Wise

Major cities

Dallas Fort Worth Arlington

Cities and towns 100k–300k

Carrollton Denton Frisco Garland Grand Prairie Irving Lewisville McKinney Mesquite Plano Richardson

Cities and towns 25k–99k

Allen Bedford Cedar Hill Cleburne The Colony Coppell DeSoto Duncanville Euless Farmers Branch Flower Mound Grapevine Haltom City Highland Village Hurst Keller Lancaster Mansfield North Richland Hills Rockwall Rowlett Southlake Wylie

Cities and towns 10k–25k

Addison Balch Springs Benbrook Burleson Colleyville Corinth Ennis Forest Hill Forney Greenville Sachse Saginaw Seagoville Terrell University Park Watauga Waxahachie Weatherford White Settlement

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Municipalities and communities of Tarrant County, Texas, United States

County seat: Fort Worth


Arlington Azle‡ Bedford Benbrook Blue Mound Burleson‡ Colleyville Crowley‡ Dallas‡ Dalworthington Gardens Euless Everman Forest Hill Fort Worth‡ Grand Prairie‡ Grapevine‡ Haltom City Haslet‡ Hurst Keller Kennedale Lake Worth Mansfield‡ Newark‡ North Richland Hills Pelican Bay Reno‡ Richland Hills River Oaks Saginaw Sansom Park Southlake‡ Watauga Westworth Village White Settlement


Edgecliff Village Flower Mound‡ Lakeside Pantego Trophy Club‡ Westlake‡ Westover Hills


Briar‡ Pecan Acres‡ Rendon Eagle Mountain‡‡

Unincorporated communities

Alliance‡ Avondale Boss Eagle Acres Lake Crest Estates Lake Forest Lake Shore Estates

Historical communities

Belt Junction Bisbee Bransford Center Point Ederville Garden Acres Handley Johnsons Station

Ghost towns

Birds Dido


‡ This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties ‡‡ Previously considered a census-designated place

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Municipalities and communities of Denton County, Texas, United States

County seat: Denton


Argyle Aubrey Carrollton‡ Celina‡ Coppell‡ Corinth Dallas‡ Denton Fort Worth‡ Frisco‡ Grapevine‡ Haslet‡ Highland Village Justin Krugerville Krum Lake Dallas Lakewood Village Lewisville‡ Little Elm Oak Point Pilot Point Plano‡ Roanoke Sanger Southlake‡ The Colony


Bartonville Copper Canyon Corral City Cross Roads DISH Double Oak Flower Mound‡ Hackberry Hebron‡ Hickory Creek Lincoln Park Northlake Ponder Prosper‡ Providence Village Shady Shores Trophy Club‡ Westlake‡


Lantana Paloma Creek Paloma Creek South Savannah

Unincorporated communities

Alliance‡ Bolivar Navo

Ghost towns

Alton Elizabethtown


‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

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Municipalities and communities of Parker County, Texas, United States

County seat: Weatherford


Aledo Azle‡ Cool Cresson‡ Fort Worth‡ Hudson Oaks Mineral Wells‡ Reno‡ Springtown‡ Weatherford Willow Park


Annetta Annetta North Annetta South Millsap Sanctuary


Briar‡ Horseshoe Bend Western Lake

Other unincorporated communities

Brock Dennis Garner Goshen Peaster Poolville Whitt


‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

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Municipalities and communities of Wise County, Texas, United States

County seat: Decatur


Aurora Bridgeport Chico Decatur Fort Worth‡ Lake Bridgeport New Fairview Newark‡ Paradise Rhome Runaway Bay Springtown‡


Alvord Boyd


Briar‡ Pecan Acres‡

Unincorporated communities

Balsora Greenwood Slidell Boonsville Cottondale

Ghost town

Rush Creek


‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

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 State of Texas

Austin (capital)


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Ark‑La‑Tex Big Bend Blackland Prairies Brazos Valley Central Texas Coastal Bend Concho Valley Cross Timbers Deep East Texas East Texas Edwards Plateau Golden Triangle Hill Country Llano Estacado Northeast Texas North Texas Osage Plains Panhandle Permian Basin Piney Woods Rio Grande Valley Southeast Texas South Plains South Texas Texoma Trans-Pecos West Texas

Metropolitan areas

Abilene Amarillo Austin–Round Rock Beaumont–Port Arthur Brownsville–Harlingen College Station–Bryan Corpus Christi Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington El Paso Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land Killeen–Temple Laredo Longview Lubbock McAllen–Edinburg–Mission Midland Odessa San Angelo San Antonio–New Braunfels Sherman–Denison Texarkana Tyler Victoria Waco Wichita Falls


See: List of counties in Texas

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County seats of Texas


Abilene Albany Alice Alpine Amarillo Anahuac Anderson Andrews Angleton Anson Archer City Aspermont Athens Austin


Baird Ballinger Bandera Bastrop Bay City Beaumont Beeville Bellville Belton Benjamin Big Lake Big Spring Boerne Bonham Boston Brackettville Brady Breckenridge Brenham Brownfield Brownsville Brownwood Bryan Burnet


Caldwell Cameron Canadian Canton Canyon Carrizo Springs Carthage Center Centerville Channing Childress Clarendon Clarksville Claude Cleburne Coldspring Coleman Colorado City Columbus Comanche Conroe Cooper Corpus Christi Corsicana Cotulla Crane Crockett Crosbyton Crowell Crystal City Cuero


Daingerfield Dalhart Dallas Decatur Del Rio Denton Dickens Dimmitt Dumas


Eagle Pass Eastland Edinburg El Paso Eldorado Emory


Fairfield Falfurrias Farwell Floresville Floydada Fort Davis Fort Stockton Fort Worth Franklin Fredericksburg


Gail Gainesville Galveston Garden City Gatesville George West Georgetown Giddings Gilmer Glen Rose Goldthwaite Goliad Gonzales Graham Granbury Greenville Groesbeck Groveton Guthrie


Hallettsville Hamilton Haskell Hebbronville Hemphill Hempstead Henderson Henrietta Hereford Hillsboro Hondo Houston Huntsville


Jacksboro Jasper Jayton Jefferson Johnson City Jourdanton Junction


Karnes City Kaufman Kermit Kerrville Kingsville Kountze


La Grange Lamesa Lampasas Laredo Leakey Levelland Liberty Linden Lipscomb Littlefield Livingston Llano Lockhart Longview Lubbock Lufkin


Madisonville Marfa Marlin Marshall Mason Matador McKinney Memphis Menard Mentone Meridian Mertzon Miami Midland Monahans Montague Morton Mount Pleasant Mount Vernon Muleshoe


Nacogdoches New Braunfels Newton


Odessa Orange Ozona


Paducah Paint Rock Palestine Palo Pinto Pampa Panhandle Paris Pearsall Pecos Perryton Pittsburg Plains Plainview Port Lavaca Post


Quanah Quitman


Rankin Raymondville Refugio Richmond Rio Grande City Robert Lee Roby Rockport Rocksprings Rockwall Rusk


San Angelo San Antonio San Augustine San Diego San Marcos San Saba Sanderson Sarita Seguin Seminole Seymour Sherman Sierra Blanca Silverton Sinton Snyder Sonora Spearman Stanton Stephenville Sterling City Stinnett Stratford Sulphur Springs Sweetwater


Tahoka Throckmorton Tilden Tulia Tyler




Van Horn Vega Vernon Victoria


Waco Waxahachie Weatherford Wellington Wharton Wheeler Wichita Falls Woodville



v t e

Mayors of cities with populations exceeding 100,000 in Texas

Sylvester Turner
Sylvester Turner
(D) (Houston) Ron Nirenberg
Ron Nirenberg
(I) (San Antonio) Mike Rawlings
Mike Rawlings
(D) (Dallas) Steve Adler (D) (Austin) Betsy Price
Betsy Price
(R) (Fort Worth) Dee Margo
Dee Margo
(R) (El Paso) Jeff Williams (R) (Arlington) Joe McComb (R) (Corpus Christi) Harry LaRosiliere
Harry LaRosiliere
(I) (Plano) Pete Saenz
Pete Saenz
(D) (Laredo) Dan Pope (R) (Lubbock) Douglas Athas (Garland) Beth Van Duyne (R) (Irving) Ginger Nelson (Amarillo) Ron Jensen (Grand Prairie) Tony Martinez (Brownsville) Johnny Isbell (Pasadena) Brian Loughmiller (R) (McKinney) Stan Pickett (Mesquite) Jim Darling (McAllen) Jeff Cheney (Frisco) Jose Segarra (Killeen) Kyle Deaver (Waco) Kevin Falconer (R) (Carrollton) Jerry Morales (Midland) Chris Watts (Denton) Norm Archibald (Abilene) Becky Ames (R) (Beaumont) David Turner (Odessa) Alan McGraw (Round Rock) Glenn Barham (Wichita Falls) Paul Voelker (Richardson) Dean Ueckert (Lewisville) Martin Heines (Tyler) Tom Reid (Pearland) Nancy Berry (College Station)

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All-America City
Award: Hall of Fame

Akron, Ohio Anchorage, Alaska Asheville, North Carolina Baltimore Boston Cincinnati Cleveland Columbus, Ohio Dayton, Ohio Des Moines, Iowa Edinburg, Texas Fayetteville, North Carolina Fort Wayne, Indiana Fort Worth, Texas Gastonia, North Carolina Grand Island, Nebraska Grand Rapids, Michigan Hickory, North Carolina Independence, Missouri Kansas
City, Missouri Laurinburg, North Carolina New Haven, Connecticut Peoria, Illinois Philadelphia Phoenix, Arizona Roanoke, Virginia Rockville, Maryland Saint Paul, Minnesota San Antonio Seward, Alaska Shreveport, Louisiana Tacoma, Washington Toledo, Ohio Tupelo, Mississippi Wichita, Kansas Worcester, Massachusetts

v t e

Fort Worth Independent School District

Dr. Kent Paredes Scribner, Superintendent - Jacinto Ramos, Jr., President of the Board of Education

Zoned high schools

Amon Carter Riverside High School Arlington Heights High School Benbrook Middle-High School Diamond Hill-Jarvis High School Paul Laurence Dunbar High School Eastern Hills High School North Side High School R.L. Paschal High School Polytechnic High School South Hills High School Southwest High School Western Hills High School Oscar Dean Wyatt High School Green B. Trimble Technical High School

Gold Seal Schools of Choice

Young Women's Leadership Academy Young Men's Leadership Academy Texas
Academy of Biomedical Sciences Marine Creek Collegiate Academy

Alternative schools

Tarrant County JJAEP Lena Pope Home Boulevard Heights Middle Level Learning Center Success High School Horizons Alternative School Jo Kelly School Metro Opportunity School

Football stadiums

Farrington Field Herman Clark Stadium Scarborough-Handley Field


Lon Goldstein Field

Cities served

Benbrook Forest Hill Fort Worth Haltom City Kennedale Westover Hills Westworth Village Unincorporated portions of Tarrant County

Cities where FWISD is the primary public school district in bold. Italicized schools serve as both middle schools and high schools.

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 126125532 GND: 4225183-7 BNF: