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Fort Knox
Fort Knox
is a United States Army
United States Army
post in Kentucky
Kentucky
south of Louisville and north of Elizabethtown. It is also the site of the United States Bullion Depository, which is used to house a large portion of the United States' official gold reserves. The 109,000 acre (170 sq mi, 441 km²) base covers parts of Bullitt, Hardin, and Meade counties. It currently holds the Army Human Resources Center of Excellence to include the Army Human Resources Command. For 60 years, Fort Knox
Fort Knox
was the home of the U.S. Army Armor Center and the U.S. Army Armor School (now moved to Fort Benning), and was used by both the Army and the Marine Corps to train crews on the M1 Abrams main battle tank. The history of the U.S. Army's Cavalry and Armored forces, and of General George S. Patton's career, is located at the General George Patton Museum[2] on the grounds of Fort Knox.

Contents

1 Bullion Depository 2 Census-designated place 3 Patton Museum 4 History

4.1 Fortification 4.2 Post war 4.3 New camp 4.4 Air Corps use 4.5 Protection of America's Founding Documents 4.6 Mechanized military unit occupation 4.7 Filming history 4.8 1993 shooting 4.9 2013 shooting

5 Human Resources Command
Human Resources Command
(HRC) 6 Fort Knox
Fort Knox
High School 7 Units

7.1 Current 7.2 Previous

8 Geography

8.1 Climate

9 Demographics 10 General use 11 See also 12 References 13 External links

Bullion Depository[edit]

The U.S. Gold Bullion Depository.

Main article: United States Bullion Depository The United States Department of the Treasury
United States Department of the Treasury
has maintained the Bullion Depository on the post since 1937. This facility is operated solely by the Treasury Department. Census-designated place[edit] Parts of the base in Hardin and Meade counties form a census-designated place (CDP), which had a population of 12,377 at the 2000 census and 10,124 at the 2010 census. Patton Museum[edit] The George S. Patton
George S. Patton
Museum and Center of Leadership at Fort Knox includes an exhibit highlighting leadership issues that arose from the attacks of 11 September 2001, which includes two firetrucks. One of them, designated Foam 161, was partially charred and melted in the attack upon the Pentagon. Fort Knox
Fort Knox
is also the location of the United States Army's Human Resources Command's Timothy Maude
Timothy Maude
Center of Excellence, which was named in honor of Lieutenant General Timothy Maude, the highest-ranking member of the U.S. military to die in the attacks of 11 September 2001.[3] In 2012, the U.S. Army Armor School was relocated to "The Maneuver Center of Excellence" at FT Benning, GA. History[edit] Fortification[edit] Fortifications were constructed near the site in 1861, during the Civil War when Fort Duffield
Fort Duffield
was constructed. Fort Duffield
Fort Duffield
was located on what was known as Muldraugh Hill on a strategic point overlooking the confluence of the Salt and Ohio
Ohio
Rivers and the Louisville and Nashville Turnpike. The area was contested by both Union and Confederate forces. Bands of organized guerrillas frequently raided the area during the war. John Hunt Morgan[4] the 2nd Kentucky Cavalry for the Confederate Army raided the area before staging his famous raid on Indiana
Indiana
and Ohio
Ohio
known as Morgan's Raid.[5] Post war[edit] After the war, the area now occupied by the Army was home to various small communities. In October 1903, military maneuvers for the Regular Army and the National Guards of several states were held at West Point, Kentucky
Kentucky
and the surrounding area.[6] In April 1918, field artillery units from Camp Zachary Taylor arrived at West Point for training. 20,000 acres (8,100 ha) near the village of Stithton were leased to the government and construction for a permanent training center was started in July 1918. New camp[edit] The new camp was named after Henry Knox, the Continental Army's chief of artillery during the Revolutionary War and the country's first Secretary of War. The camp was extended by the purchase of a further 40,000 acres (16,000 ha) in June 1918 and construction properly began in July 1918. The building program was reduced following the end of the war and reduced further following cuts to the army in 1921 after the National Defense Act of 1920. The camp was greatly reduced and became a semi-permanent training center for the 5th Corps Area for Reserve Officer training, the National Guard, and Citizen's Military Training Camps (CMTC). For a short while, from 1925 to 1928, the area was designated as "Camp Henry Knox
Henry Knox
National Forest."[7] Air Corps use[edit] The post contains an airfield, called Godman Army Airfield, that was used by the United States Army
United States Army
Air Corps, and its successor, the United States Army
United States Army
Air Forces as a training base during World War II. It was used by the Kentucky
Kentucky
Air National Guard for several years after the war until they relocated to Standiford Field
Standiford Field
in Louisville. The airfield is still in use by the United States Army
United States Army
Aviation Branch. Protection of America's Founding Documents[edit]

A tank driver at Fort Knox
Fort Knox
in 1942

For protection after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution of the United States
Constitution of the United States
and the Gettysburg Address
Gettysburg Address
were all moved for safekeeping to the United States Bullion Depository until Major W. C. Hatfield ordered its release after the D-Day Landings on 19 September 1944.[8] Mechanized military unit occupation[edit]

Infantryman wearing Brodie helmet, kneeling in front of M3 Half-track, holds an M1 Garand
M1 Garand
rifle. Fort Knox, June 1942.

In 1931 a small force of the mechanized cavalry was assigned to Camp Knox to use it as a training site. The camp was turned into a permanent garrison in January 1932 and renamed Fort Knox. The 1st Cavalry Regiment arrived later in the month to become the 1st Cavalry Regiment (Mechanized). In 1936 the 1st was joined by the 13th to become the 7th Cavalry Brigade (Mechanized). The site quickly became the center for mechanization tactics and doctrine. The success of the German mechanized units at the start of World War II
World War II
was a major impetus to operations at the fort. A new Armored Force was established in July 1940 with its headquarters at Fort Knox
Fort Knox
with the 7th Cavalry Brigade becoming the 1st Armored Division. The Armored Force School and the Armored Force Replacement Center were also sited at Fort Knox
Fort Knox
in October 1940, and their successors remained there until 2010, when the Armor School moved to Fort Benning, Georgia. The site was expanded to cope with its new role. By 1943, there were 3,820 buildings on 106,861 acres (43,245 ha). A third of the post has been torn down within the last ten years,[when?] with another third slated by 2010. Filming history[edit] Films such as Goldfinger (1964) and Stripes (1981) have been filmed in Fort Knox.[9] 1993 shooting[edit] On 18 October 1993, Arthur Hill went on a shooting rampage, killing three and wounding two before attempting suicide, shooting and severely wounding himself. The shooting occurred at Fort Knox's Training Support Center. Prior to the incident, Hill's coworkers claimed they were afraid of a mentally unstable person who was at work. Hill died on 21 October of his self-inflicted gunshot wound.[10][11][12] 2013 shooting[edit] On 3 April 2013, a civilian employee was shot and killed in a parking lot on post. The victim was an employee of the United States Army Human Resources Command
Human Resources Command
and was transported to the Ireland Army Community Hospital, where he was pronounced dead. This shooting caused a temporary lock-down that was lifted around 7 p.m. on the same day.[13][14] U.S. Army Sgt. Marquinta E. Jacobs, a soldier stationed at Fort Knox, was charged on 4 April with the shooting.[15] He pleaded guilty to charges of premeditated murder and aggravated assault, and was sentenced to 30 years in prison on 10 January 2014.[16] Human Resources Command
Human Resources Command
(HRC)[edit] Main article: United States Army
United States Army
Human Resources Command The Army Human Resources Command
Human Resources Command
Center re-located to Fort Knox
Fort Knox
from the Washington D.C./Virginia area beginning in 2009. New facilities are under construction throughout Fort Knox, such as the new Army Human Resource Center, the largest construction project in the history of Fort Knox. It is a $185 million, three-story, 880,000-square-foot (82,000 m2) complex of six interconnected buildings, sitting on 104 acres (42 ha). In May 2010, The Human Resource Center of Excellence, the largest office building in the state, opened at Fort Knox. The new center employs nearly 4,300 soldiers and civilians.[17] Fort Knox
Fort Knox
High School[edit] Main article: Fort Knox
Fort Knox
High School Fort Knox
Fort Knox
is one of only four Army posts (the others being Fort Campbell, Kentucky, Fort Meade, Maryland, and Fort Sam Houston, Texas) that still have a high school located on-post.[citation needed] Fort Knox High School, serving grades 9–12, was built in 1958 and has undergone only a handful of renovations since then; but a new building was completed in 2007. Units[edit] Current[edit]

3rd Sustainment Command (Expeditionary) 19th Engineer Battalion 4th Cavalry Brigade, First Army Division East 95th Training Division (formerly 95th Infantry Division) 100th Army Band
100th Army Band
(formerly 100th Infantry Division Band) 113th Band Ireland Army Community Hospital
Ireland Army Community Hospital
MEDDAC 84th Training Command (UR)

70th Training Division (FT)

United States Army
United States Army
Recruiting Command

3rd Recruiting Brigade U S Army Medical Recruiting Brigade

Previous[edit]

1st Armor Training Brigade 3rd Brigade, 1st Infantry Division 16th Cavalry Regiment

1st Squadron 2nd Squadron 3rd Squadron

194th Armored Brigade

1st Cavalry Regiment

7th Squadron (Air)

Troops A, B, C, D, & HHT 235th Aviation Co. (Attack Helicopter)

81st Armored Regiment

1st Battalion 2nd Battalion 3rd Battalion

15th Cavalry Regiment

5th Squadron

46th Infantry Regiment

1st Battalion 2nd Battalion

34th Military Police Detachment 46th Adjutant General Battalion

Source:[18] Geography[edit] Fort Knox
Fort Knox
is located at 37°54'09.96" North, 85°57'09.11" West, along the Ohio
Ohio
River. The depository itself is located at 37°52'59.59" North, 85°57'55.31" West. According to the Census Bureau, the base CDP has a total area of 20.94 square miles (54.23 km2), of which 20.92 sq mi (54.18 km2) is land and 0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)—0.14%—is water.[19] Communities near Fort Knox include Brandenburg, Elizabethtown, Hodgenville, Louisville, Radcliff, Shepherdsville, and Vine Grove, Kentucky.[20] The Meade County city of Muldraugh is completely surrounded by Fort Knox. Climate[edit] The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Fort Knox
Fort Knox
has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[21] Demographics[edit] As of the census[22] of 2000, there were 12,377 people, 2,748 households, and 2,596 families residing on base. The population density was 591.7 inhabitants per square mile (228.5/km2). There were 3,015 housing units at an average density of 144.1/sq mi (55.6/km2). The racial makeup of the base was 66.3% White, 23.1% African American, 0.7% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 4.3% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 10.4% of the population. There were 2,748 households out of which 77.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 86.0% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 5.5% were non-families. 4.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 0.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.49 and the average family size was 3.60. The age distribution was 34.9% under the age of 18, 25.5% from 18 to 24, 37.2% from 25 to 44, 2.3% from 45 to 64, and 0.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 155.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 190.3 males. These statistics are generally typical for military bases. The median income for a household on the base was US$34,020, and the median income for a family was $33,588. Males had a median income of $26,011 versus $21,048 for females. The per capita income for the base was $12,410. About 5.8% of the population and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.6% of those under the age of 18 and 100.0% of those 65 and older. General use[edit] The term "Fort Knox" is used in general discussion as a synonym for a secure location. See also[edit]

Elizabethtown metropolitan area Louisville metropolitan area Goldfinger (film) Stripes (film) Ireland Army Community Hospital List of attractions and events in the Louisville metropolitan area List of World War II
World War II
military service football teams

References[edit]

^ "U.S. Army Cadet Command and Fort Knox
Fort Knox
Leadership".  ^ " General George Patton Museum
General George Patton Museum
of Leadership - Home". Archived from the original on 18 February 2013.  ^ Barrouquere, Brett (11 September 2013). "Fire truck damaged on 9/11 on display at Fort Knox". The Associated Press/Stars and Stripes. ^ Ramage, James A., Rebel Raider: The Life of General John Hunt Morgan. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky, 1986. ISBN 0-8131-1576-0. ^ "Fort Knox, KY • History". Archived from the original on 29 June 2007.  ^ New York Times 17 July 1903 pg 5 ^ The Courier-Journal 15 April 1928 end ^ Stephen Puleo, American Treasures: The Secret Efforts to Save the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution and the Gettysburg Address. ^ Barth, Jack (1991). Roadside Hollywood: The Movie Lover's State-By-State Guide to Film Locations, Celebrity Hangouts, Celluloid Tourist Attractions, and More. Contemporary Books. Page 126. ISBN 9780809243266. ^ "Gunman in Fort Knox
Fort Knox
Shooting Dies".  ^ Worker at Fort Knox
Fort Knox
Kills 3, Then Shoots Himself - New York Times ^ "3 Killed, 2 Hurt in Army Base Shooting Spree". latimes.  ^ "Shooting reported at Fort Knox
Fort Knox
military post". WKYT TV. Retrieved 4 April 2013.  ^ M. Alex Johnson and Alastair Jamieson (3 April 2013). "'Not a random act': Civilian employee dead after Fort Knox
Fort Knox
shooting". NBCNews.com ^ Dylan Lovan (4 April 2013). "FBI: Man charged with murder in Fort Knox shooting". USA Today ^ Jared Feldschreiber (10 January 2014). "U.S. Army Sgt. Marquinta Jacobs Sentenced to 30 Years In Prison For Shooting Death of Lloyd Gilbert at Fort Knox". Lawyer Herald ^ "Human resource center opens at Fort Knox". Louisville Business First.  ^ Units & Organizations ^ Kentucky
Kentucky
– Place GCT-PH1. Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2000 Archived 11 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Data Set: Census 2000 Summary File
File
1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data ^ "US Army Armor Center- Family & Community". Archived from the original on 8 February 2008.  ^ "Fort Knox, Kentucky
Kentucky
Köppen Climate Classification
Köppen Climate Classification
(Weatherbase)". Weatherbase.  ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 September 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fort Knox.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Fort Knox.

Official website Fort Knox
Fort Knox
area booming Patton Museum, (at Fort Knox) Ireland Army Community Hospital, (at Fort Knox) Official Base information from the DOD Military Installations website[dead link] Fort Knox
Fort Knox
Morale, Welfare, and Recreation

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Bullitt County, Kentucky, United States

County seat: Shepherdsville

Cities

Fox Chase Hebron Estates Hillview Hunters Hollow Lebanon Junction Mount Washington Pioneer Village Shepherdsville

CDP

Brooks

Unincorporated communities

Bardstown Junction Barrallton Beech Grove Belmont Brownington Cedar Grove Clermont Cupio Gap in Knob Hobbs Katharyn Lotus Salt River Scuffletown Smithville Solitude Stites Whitfield Zoneton

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Hardin County, Kentucky, United States

County seat: Elizabethtown

Cities

Elizabethtown Muldraugh‡ Radcliff Sonora Upton‡ Vine Grove West Point

CDPs

Cecilia Fort Knox‡ Rineyville

Other unincorporated communities

Big Spring‡ Eastview Glendale Hardin Springs Howe Valley Limp Nolin Old Stephensburg Saint John Star Mills Stephensburg White Mills

Footnotes

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Meade County, Kentucky, United States

County seat: Brandenburg

Cities

Brandenburg Ekron Muldraugh‡

CDPs

Doe Valley Fort Knox‡

Unincorporated communities

Battletown Big Spring‡ Concordia Flaherty Garrett Guston Midway Payneville Rhodelia Rock Haven

Footnotes

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

United States Army
United States Army
Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC)

Sub-commands

Capabilities Integration Center Cadet Command Combined Arms Center Fires Center of Excellence Initial Military Training Maneuver Center of Excellence Maneuver Support Center of Excellence Accessions Command Center for Army Lessons Learned Recruiting Command Sustainment Center of Excellence

Installations

Aberdeen Proving Ground Carlisle Barracks Fort Belvoir Fort Benning Fort Eustis Fort Gordon Fort Huachuca Fort Jackson Fort Knox Fort Leavenworth Fort Lee Fort Leonard Wood Fort Rucker Fort Sill Presidio of Monterey Redstone Arsenal

Schools

Air Assault School Air Defense Artillery School Airborne School Armor School Aviation School Basic Training CBRN School Sniper School Combatives
Combatives
School Command and General Staff College Defense Language Institute Engineer School Field Artillery School Infantry School Intelligence Center Jumpmaster School Army Logistics University Mountain Warfare School Officer Candidate School Pathfinder School Prime Power School Quartermaster School Ranger School Reconnaissance and Surveillance Leaders Course School of Advanced Military Studies Sergeants Major Academy Soldier Support Institute War College Warrant Officer Candidate School

v t e

Military installations
Military installations
of Kentucky

Army

Fort

Fort Anderson (inactive) Campbell Fort DeWolf
Fort DeWolf
(inactive) Fort Duffield
Fort Duffield
(inactive) Knox

Camp

Camp Breckinridge (inactive) Camp Zachary Taylor (inactive)

Storage Facility

Blue Grass Army Depot

Airfield

Bowman Field Army Airfield (now Bowman Field) Campbell Army Airfield Godman Army Airfield

Air Force

Station

Owingsville Air Force Station (inactive) Snow Mountain Air Force Station
Snow Mountain Air Force Station
(inactive)

Kentucky
Kentucky
National Guard

Training Center

Boone Center

.