HOME
The Info List - Focke-Wulf





Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Flugzeugbau AG (German pronunciation: [ˌfɔkəˈvʊlf]) was a German manufacturer of civil and military aircraft before and during World War II.[1] Many of the company's successful fighter aircraft designs were slight modifications of the Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Fw 190. It is one of the predecessor companies of today's Airbus.

Contents

1 History 2 List of Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
aircraft

2.1 Company designations 2.2 RLM designations 2.3 Built under license 2.4 Planned/unfinished designs 2.5 Projects

3 See also 4 References 5 External links

History[edit] The company was founded in Bremen
Bremen
on 24 October 1923 as Bremer Flugzeugbau AG by Prof. Henrich Focke,[2] Georg Wulf [3] and Dr. rer. pol. Werner Naumann.[4] Almost immediately, they renamed the company Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Flugzeugbau AG (later Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Flugzeugbau GmbH).[5] Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
merged, under government pressure, with Albatros-Flugzeugwerke of Berlin
Berlin
in 1931. The Albatros-Flugzeugwerke engineer and test pilot Kurt Tank
Kurt Tank
became head of the technical department and started work on the Fw 44 Stieglitz (Goldfinch). Dr Ludwig Roselius
Ludwig Roselius
became Chairman in 1925 and handed over to his brother Friedrich in early 1933. In 1938 Roselius' HAG combine increased its shareholding to 46% and C. Lorenz AG secured 28%. The company was reconstituted as Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Flugzeugbau GmbH and no longer had to publish its accounts. A substantial capital injection occurred at this time.[6] In August 1933 Hans Holle and Rudolf Schubert were given power of attorney over the Berlin
Berlin
branch of Focke-Wulf. Then in October 1933, Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Flugzeugbau A.G. Albatros Berlin
Berlin
was officially registered with the Department of Trade.[7] Dr Roselius always remained the driving force of Focke-Wulf. He and his closest collaborator, Barbara Goette, often met with technical director Professor Kurt Tank. When Roselius died in May 1943, Heinrich Puvogel continued handling the financial affairs of Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
as chief of Seehandel A.G.[8] Hanna Reitsch
Hanna Reitsch
demonstrated the Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Fw 61, the first fully controllable helicopter (as opposed to autogyro), in Berlin
Berlin
in 1938.[9] The four-engined Fw 200 airliner flew nonstop between Berlin and New York City
New York City
on August 10, 1938, making the journey in 24 hours and 56 minutes. It was the first aircraft to fly that route without stopping. The return trip on August 13, 1938 took 19 hours and 47 minutes. These flights are commemorated with a plaque in the Böttcherstraße
Böttcherstraße
street of Bremen. The Fw 190 Würger (Shrike/butcher-bird), designed from 1938 on, and produced in quantity from early 1941–1945, was a mainstay single-seat fighter for the Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
during World War II. Repeated bombing of Bremen
Bremen
in World War II
World War II
resulted in the mass-production plants being moved to eastern Germany and General Government, with AGO Flugzeugwerke
AGO Flugzeugwerke
of Oschersleben
Oschersleben
as a major subcontractor for the Fw 190. Those plants used many foreign and forced labourers, and from 1944 also prisoners of war. Focke-Wulf's 100-acre (0.40 km2) plant at Marienburg produced approximately half of all Fw 190s and was bombed by the Eighth Air Force on October 9, 1943.[10] Many Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
workers, including Kurt Tank, worked at the Instituto Aerotécnico in Córdoba, Argentina
Córdoba, Argentina
between 1947 and 1955. Focke-Wulf began to make gliders in 1951, and in 1955, motorised planes. Focke-Wulf, Weserflug and Hamburger Flugzeugbau
Hamburger Flugzeugbau
joined forces in 1961 to form the Entwicklungsring Nord (ERNO) to develop rockets. ITT
ITT
Corporation, which had acquired a 25% stake in the company prior to the war, won $27 million in compensation in the 1960s for the damage that was inflicted on its share of the Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
plant by WWII Allied bombing.[11] Colonel Sosthenes Behn, Ludwig Roselius
Ludwig Roselius
and Barbara Goette
Barbara Goette
outfoxed Hitler
Hitler
in 1936 when he tried to have Roselius removed as a major stakeholder from Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
A.G. and reconstitution followed resulting in the privatized company Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Flugzeugbau GmbH.[12] Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
formally merged with Weserflug in 1964, becoming Vereinigte Flugtechnische Werke (VFW), which after several further mergers became the European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company N.V. (EADS). EADS
EADS
was later reorganised as Airbus. List of Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
aircraft[edit] Company designations[edit]

Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
A 3 Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
A 4 Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
A 5 Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
A 6 Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
A 7 Focke-Wulf A 16
Focke-Wulf A 16
- light transport aircraft, 1924. First design built by Focke-Wulf. Focke-Wulf A 17
Focke-Wulf A 17
Möwe (Gull), 8-passenger airliner, 1927. Focke-Wulf GL 18
Focke-Wulf GL 18
- light transport aircraft developed from the A 16, 1926. Focke-Wulf F 19
Focke-Wulf F 19
Ente (Duck) - experimental civil utility aircraft, 1927. Focke-Wulf A 20
Focke-Wulf A 20
Habicht (Hawk), 4-passenger airliner, 1927. Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
A 21 Photomöwe, aerial photography version of A 17, 1929. Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
GL 22 - revised GL 18, 1927. Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
K 23 - two-seat reconnaissance aircraft, 1928. Focke-Wulf S 24
Focke-Wulf S 24
Kiebitz (Lapwing), sport aircraft, 1928. Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
L 101 D Albatros Fockw-Wulf A 26 - engine testbed Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
A 28 - re-engined A 20 Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
A 29 - production version of A 17, 1929. Focke-Wulf A 32 Bussard (Buzzard), airliner, 1930. Focke-Wulf A 33 Sperber (Sparrowhawk), 3-passenger airliner, 1930. Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
A 36 - mail plane, 1931. Focke-Wulf A 38
Focke-Wulf A 38
Möwe (Gull), 10-passenger airliner, 1931. Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
S 39 Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
S 48 Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
S 1 - trainer, 1925. Focke-Wulf S 2 - two-seat trainer, 1928. Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
W 4 - reconnaissance floatplane, 1927. Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
W 7 - maritime patrol biplane, 1932.

RLM designations[edit]

Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Fw 40 Focke-Wulf Fw 43 Falke (Falcon), utility aircraft Focke-Wulf Fw 44
Focke-Wulf Fw 44
Stieglitz (Goldfinch), trainer (biplane), 1932. Focke-Wulf Fw 47 Höhengeier (Vulture), weather aircraft Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Fw 55 biplane floatplane Focke-Wulf Fw 56
Focke-Wulf Fw 56
Stösser (Goshawk), trainer (parasol monoplane), 1933 Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Fw 57, twin-engined heavy fighter-bomber (prototype), 1935. Focke-Wulf Fw 58
Focke-Wulf Fw 58
Weihe (Kite), transport/photo reconnaissance/weather research aircraft, 1937. Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Fw 61, helicopter (prototype), 1936. Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Fw 62, ship-borne reconnaissance (biplane seaplane), 1937. Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Ta 152, interceptor/fighter (derived from Fw 190), 1944. Focke-Wulf Ta 154
Focke-Wulf Ta 154
Moskito (Mosquito), night-fighter with wood structure like its British namesake, 1943. Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Fw 159, fighter (prototype only), 1935. Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Fw 186, autogiro reconnaissance aircraft (prototype), 1937. Focke-Wulf Fw 187
Focke-Wulf Fw 187
Falke (Falcon), twin-engined two-seat heavy day fighter ("Zerstörer"), 1936. Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Fw 188, reconnaissance aircraft (prototype), 1939. Focke-Wulf Fw 189
Focke-Wulf Fw 189
Uhu (Eagle Owl), twin-engined, three-seat army cooperation/tactical reconnaissance, 1938. Focke-Wulf Fw 190
Focke-Wulf Fw 190
Würger (Shrike/butcher-bird), single-seat fighter/interceptor, 1939 Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Fw 191, twin-engined Bomber B
Bomber B
design competitor (prototype), 1942. Focke-Wulf Fw 200
Focke-Wulf Fw 200
Condor, multi-engined airliner and maritime patrol-bomber, 1937.

Built under license[edit]

Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
C.20 license-built (autogyro) Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
C.30 Heuschrecke (Grasshopper), license-built (autogyro) Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
FWP.149D license-built Piaggio P.149

Planned/unfinished designs[edit]

Focke-Wulf Fw 42
Focke-Wulf Fw 42
– twin-engined medium bomber project developed from the F 19, 1929. Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Fw 160 – A design for a four-engined bomber with a twin-boom, unconnected tail. Focke-Wulf Ta 183
Focke-Wulf Ta 183
Huckebein – design for a jet-engined fighter Focke-Wulf Fw 206 – planned commercial aircraft Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Fw 238 - long-range bomber project (RLM airframe number 8-238 already used by Blohm und Voss) Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Fw 249 - large transport aircraft project; officially designated as Project 195. Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Fw 250 - twin-engine jet fighter project Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Fw 252 - single engine jet fighter Focke-Wulf Ta 254 – proposed version of the Ta 154 fighter. Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Fw 259 Frontjäger (concept) Focke-Wulf Fw 260 – 1960s VTOL airliner proposal Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Fw 261 - four-engine bomber/reconnaissance/U-Boat support aircraft project Focke-Wulf Ta 283
Focke-Wulf Ta 283
– interceptor fighter project Focke-Wulf Fw 300 - proposed long-range version of Fw 200, 1942. Focke-Wulf Ta 400 Amerika Bomber
Amerika Bomber
design competitor, never built, 1943. Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Fw P.03.10206 series of long-range strategic bomber projects, 1944. Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Fw P.03.10221-15 - large capacity strategic transport, 1941. Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Fw P.03.10025 – A 1944 design with a swept wing, a forward-swept V-tail, and two pusher propellers at the rear. Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Fw 03.10251 series of jet engined night and bad weather fighters Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Fighter Project w/BMW803 – A 1941 design with a connected twin boom tail, slightly swept back wings, and two pusher propellers at the rear.

Projects[edit]

Focke-Wulf 1000x1000x1000
Focke-Wulf 1000x1000x1000
series of bomber designs, 1944. Focke-Wulf Project I - single-seat jet fighter, 1943. Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Project II Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Project III Focke-Wulf Project VII
Focke-Wulf Project VII
"Flitzer" – fighter project, 1944. Focke-Wulf Project VIII - turboprop powered fighter-bomber project, also designated Fw 281 Focke Rochen
Focke Rochen
– 1950s VTOL fighter project Focke-Wulf Super Lorin
Focke-Wulf Super Lorin
– Ramjet-rocket combo powered fighter Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Fw 354 Triebflügel – tail-sitter VTOL interceptor design Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
TO Project Focke-Wulf Volksjäger
Focke-Wulf Volksjäger
– rocket-powered interceptor fighter project Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
VTOL Project

See also[edit]

Focke-Achgelis

References[edit]

^ Yenne, William (2003). From Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
to Avrocar: Secret Weapons of World War II: The Techno-Military Breakthroughs That Changed History. New York: Berkley Books. pp. 281–283. . ^ (In 1937, shareholders ousted Henrich Focke). ^ NOTE: Georg Wulf died during a test flight 29 September 1927 ^ NOTE: Dr. rer. pol. Werner Naumann differs from Dr. rer. nat. Werner Naumann, state secretary in Joseph Goebbel's Propagandaministerium. ^ Initially, it produced several commercial aircraft, typically with thick wings mounted high over bulky fuselages."Focke-Wulf". Retrieved 2006-07-01.  ^ Dieter Pfliegensdörfer; Volker Bergmann; Willi Elmers; Manfred Fittkau; Michael Jung; Michael Wolf; Wolfgang Günther. Wellblech & Windkanal. Arbeit und Geschäfte im Bremer Flugzeugbau von den Anfängen 1909 bis heute. Steintor, 1989, ISBN 3926028513 ^ Thiel, Reinhold. Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
Flugzeugbau. Bremen, Verlag H.M. Hauschild GmbH, 2011. ISBN 9783897574892 ^ Leidig, Ludwig. Bombshell. sbpra 2013. ISBN 978-1-62516-346-2 ^ Hanna Reitsch
Hanna Reitsch
“Fliegen, mein Leben” on p. 180–198. Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt Stuttgart 1952 ^ Gurney, Gene (Major, USAF) (1962). "The War in the Air: a pictorial history of World War II
World War II
Air Forces in combat". New York: Bonanza Books: 219.  ^ Sampson, Anthony: The Sovereign State, Hodder and Stoughton, 1973, ISBN 0-340-17195-2 ^ The Office of Military Government US Zone in Post-war Germany 1946-1949, declassified per Executive Order 12958, Section 3.5 NND Project Number: NND 775057 by: NND Date: 1977

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Focke-Wulf.

List of Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
aircraft Documents and clippings about Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
in the 20th Century Press Archives of the German National Library of Economics
German National Library of Economics
(ZBW).

v t e

ITT
ITT
Corporation

Related companies

Abbey Life American Cable and Radio Corporation Bell Telephone Manufacturing Company C. Lorenz Cannon Claro Puerto Rico Commercial Cable Company Commercial Pacific Cable Company Creed & Company EDO Corporation Exelis Visual Information Solutions Federal Telegraph Company Flygt Focke-Wulf Goulds Pumps ITT
ITT
Exelis ITT
ITT
Technical Institute Kellogg Switchboard & Supply Company Kolster-Brandes Mix & Genest Sheraton Hotels and Resorts Standard Telecommunication Laboratories Standard Telephones and Cables The Hartford WPXN-TV Xylem Inc.

Key people

Sosthenes Behn William Henry Harrison Harold Geneen John William Mackay Rand Araskog

Media

The Sovereign State ITT: The Management of Opportunity The ITT
ITT
Wars

Products

GeoEye-1 ITT
ITT
System 12 ITT
ITT
2020

v t e

Focke-Wulf
Focke-Wulf
aircraft

Company designations, pre-1933

A 3 A 4 A 5 A 6 A 7 A 16 A 17 GL 18 F 19 A 20 A 21 GL 22 K 23 S 24 A 26 A 28 A 29 A 32 A 33 A 36 A 38 S 39 A 43 A 47 S 48

S 1 S 2 W 4 W 7

C.20 (cierva under licence) C.30 (Cierva under licence)

RLM designations, 1933-1945

Fw 40 Fw 42 Fw 43 Fw 44 Fw 47 Fw 55 Fw 56 Fw 57 Fw 58 Fw 61 Fw 62 Ta 152 Ta 154 Fw 159 Ta 183 Fw 186 Fw 187 Fw 189 Fw 190 Fw 191 Fw 200 Fw 206 Fw 238 Fw 249 Fw 250 Fw 281 Ta 254 Fw 261 Ta 283 Fw 300 Ta 400

Company designations, post-1945

Fw 260 Fw 300

Projects

Project I Project II Project III Project IV Project V Project VI Project VII "Flitzer" Project VIII

1000x1000x1000 Rochen Super Lorin Super TL Triebflügel Volksjäger

v t e

Reich Air Ministry aircraft designations

1 to 100

B 9 Gö 9 Do 10 Do 11 Wn 11 Do 12 Do 13 Do 14 Do 15 Wn 15 Do 16 Wn 16 Do 17 Do 18 Do 19 Do 20 Do 22 Do 23 Do 24 Kl 25 Do 26 Kl 26 M 27 Do 29 Kl 31 Kl 32 W 33 L 33 W 34 Kl 35 Kl 36 HD 37 HD 38 G 38 DFS 39 BV 40 DFS 40 A 40 Fw 42 He 42 Fw 43 HD 43 Fw 44 He 45 He 46 Ju 46 Fw 47 Ju 47 K 47 A 48 He 49 Ju 49 He 50 A 50 He 51 K 51 Ju 52 K 53 NR 54 Fw 55 NR 55 Fw 56 Fw 57 Fw 58 He 58 He 59 He 60 Ju 60 Fw 61 He 61 Fw 62 He 62 He 63 Ar 64 He 64 Ar 65 He 65 Ar 66 He 66 Ar 67 Ar 68 Ar 69 He 70 He 71 He 72 He 74 Ar 76 Ar 77 Ar 79 Ar 80 Ar 81 Ju 85 Ju 86 Ju 87 Ju 88 Ju 89 Ju 90 Ar 95 Ar 96 Fi 97 Fi 98 Fi 99 He 100

101 to 200

Al 101 Al 102 Al 103 Fi 103 Fh 104 Kl 105 Kl 106 Kl 107 Bf 108 Bf 109 Bf 110 He 111 He 112 He 113 He 114 He 115 He 116 Hs 117 He 118 He 119 He 120 Hs 121 Hs 122 Hs 123 Hs 124 Hs 125 Hs 126 Hs 127 Hs 128 Hs 129 Hs 130 Bü 131 Hs 132 Bü 133 Bü 134 Ha 135 Ha 136 Hü 136 Ha 137 BV 138 Ha 139 Ha 140 BV 141 BV 142 BV 143 BV 144 Go 145 Go 146 Go 147 Ju 147 Go 149 Go 150 Kl 151 Ta 152 Kl 152 Ta 153 Ta 154 BV 155 Fi 156 Fi 157 Fi 158 Fw 159 Ju 160 Bf 161 He 162 Bf 162 Bf 163 Me 163 Me 164 Fi 166 FK 166 Fi 167 Fi 168 He 170 He 172 He 176 He 177 He 178 Bü 180 Bü 181 Bü 182 Ta 183 Fl 184 Fl 185 Fw 186 Ju 186 Fw 187 Ju 187 Ju 188 Fw 189 Fw 190 Fw 191 Ao 192 DFS 193 DFS 194 Ar 195 Ar 196 Ar 197 Ar 198 Ar 199 Fw 200

201 to 300

Si 201 Si 202 DFS 203 Si 204 Fw 206 Me 208 Me 209 Me 209 (1943) Me 210 Hü 211 Do 212 Do 214 Do 215 Do 216 Do 217 Hs 217 He 219 He 220 BV 222 Fa 223 Fa 224 Ao 225 Fa 225 BV 226 Ho 226 FGP 227 DFS 228 Ho 229 DFS 230 Ar 231 Ar 232 Ar 233 Ar 234 Do 235 BV 237 BV 238 Fw 238 Ar 239 Ar 240 Go 241 Go 242 Go 244 BV 246 Ju 248 BV 250 Fw 250 Ho 250 Ho 251 Ho 252 Ju 252 Fi 253 Ho 253 Ta 254 Ho 254 Fi 256 Sk 257 Fw 261 Me 261 Me 262 Me 263 Me 264 Fl 265 Me 265 Fa 266 Ho 267 Ju 268 Fa 269 He 270 We 271 Fw 272 He 274 He 275 He 277 He 278 He 280 Fl 282 Fa 283 Ta 283 Fa 284 Fl 285 Ju 286 Ju 287 Ju 288 Ju 290 Me 290 As 292 Hs 293 Hs 294 Hs 295 Ar 296 Hs 296 Hs 297 Hs 298 Fw 300

301-

Me 309 Me 310 Do 317 Do 318 He 319 Me 321 Ju 322 Me 323 Me 328 Me 329 Fa 330 DFS 331 DFS 332 Fi 333 Me 334 Do 335 Fa 336 Fl 339 E.340 WNF 342 He 343 Rk 344 So 344 Go 345 DFS 346 Rk 347 Ba 349 Ju 352 Me 362 Me 364 Ju 388 Ju 390 Fw 391 Ar 396 Ta 400 Me 409 Me 410 Do 417 He 419 ZMe 423 Ar 430 Ka 430 Ar 432 Do 435 Ar 440 Ju 452 Me 462 Ju 488 Fw 491 Me 509 Me 510 He 519 ZSO 523 Ar 532 Do 535 E.555 Me 609 A

.