Fluminense Football Club
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Fluminense Football Club (), known simply as Fluminense, is a Brazilian sports club best known for its professional association football, football team that competes in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, the first tier of Brazilian football league system, Brazilian football and the Campeonato Carioca, the State football leagues in Brazil, state league of Rio de Janeiro (state), Rio de Janeiro. The club is based in the neighbourhood of Laranjeiras, in the city of Rio de Janeiro. The club was founded on 21 July 1902 and Oscar Cox was its first elected president . Fluminense have since been crowned national champions four times, most recently in the 2012 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, the team have also won the 2007 Copa do Brasil, the 1999 Campeonato Brasileiro Série C and the 1952 edition of Copa Rio (international tournament), Copa Rio (or Copa Rio Internacional). Its best international performances are a second place at the 2008 Copa Libertadores and a second place at the 2009 Copa Sudamericana. In 1949, Fluminense became the first football club to receive the Olympic Cup, awarded annually by the International Olympic Committee to an institution or association with a record of merit and integrity in actively developing the Olympic movement, Olympic Movement. Fluminense (gentilic), Fluminense is a demonym for people indigenous to the state of Rio de Janeiro (state), Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil. Although football was its original endeavour, the club is today an Umbrella organization, umbrella organisation for several teams in more than 16 different sport activities. Fluminense's traditional Kit (association football), home kit consists of garnet, white and green vertical striped shirts, white shorts and white socks, an outfit which has been in use since 1920. Umbro is the current kit manufacturer. The club holds several long-standing rivalries with other clubs, most notably with Clube de Regatas do Flamengo, Flamengo (''Fla–Flu, Clássico Fla-Flu''), as well as with Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas, Botafogo (''Clássico Vovô'') and CR Vasco da Gama, Vasco da Gama (''Clássico dos Gigantes''). The club was the birthplace of the Brazil national football team, where the ''canarinhos'' have played their first ever match, scored their first ever goal and lifted their first ever trophy. It has contributed the fifth-most players to the national team among all Brazilian clubs.


History

Fluminense Football Club was founded on 21 July 1902 in the neighbourhood of Laranjeiras, Rio de Janeiro, Laranjeiras in the city of Rio de Janeiro by a group of young football enthusiasts led by Oscar Cox, a Brazilian of English descent who had come into contact with the sport whilst studying in Europe. The first official match was played against now defunct Rio FC, Rio Football Club, and Fluminense won 8–0. The club's first title came in 1906, when Fluminense won the Campeonato Carioca. In 1911, disagreement between Fluminense players led to the formation of Clube de Regatas do Flamengo, Flamengo's football team. The so-called ''Fla-Flu'' Local derby, derby is considered one of the biggest in the history of Brazilian football. Three years later, in Fluminense's stadium, the Brazil national football team debuted, against touring English club Exeter City F.C., Exeter City. It was also there that they won their debut title, in South American Championship 1919, 1919. By 1922, Fluminense had 4,000 members, a stadium for 25,000 people, and facilities that impressed clubs in Europe. The following years saw an expansion of the club's hegemony in Rio. Fluminense would remain unsurpassed in terms of state championships until 2009. International acclaim came in 1949 with the awarding of the Olympic Cup, and was further fostered in 1952 with Fluminense's World-wide honour, the Copa Rio (International), Copa Rio. The club established itself regionally with victory in two Torneio Rio-São Paulo cups in 1957 and 1960. National honors followed in 1970, 1984, 2010 and 2012 with Torneio Roberto Gomes Pedrosa, Taça de Prata and Série A cups, respectively, also taking the Cup in Brazil in 2007 and the Campeonato Brasileiro Série C, Brasileirão Série C in 1999. From the 1950s, with the creation of the Rio-São Paulo Tournament, the forerunner of what eventually would become the national championship, Fluminense established itself regionally by winning the tournament title in the years of 1957 and 1960. From the 1960s, the first national championships began to be played in Brazil. Fluminense's first national title came in 1970; at that time, Brazil had the best players in world football, and all of them played in Brazilian clubs. Although its squad was not counted among the main contenders of the season in Brazil, Fluminense won the Brazilian championship and surpassed the great strengths of the time in Santos, Palmeiras and Cruzeiro. In the 1970s, Fluminense signed several famous players like Roberto Rivellino. This time, called "Maquina Tricolor", they won the state championship in the years of 1975 and 1976. In the national championship, Fluminense lost in the semifinal matches to Internacional in 1975 and Corinthians in 1976. Fluminense again became Brazilian champions in 1984. This time, they won the State Championship in the years of 1983, 1984, and 1985 with players like Julio César Romero, Romerito, Ricardo Gomes, Deley, and the "Casal Vinte": Benedito Assis da Silva, Assis and Washington César Santos, Washington. At the end of the 1980s, Copa do Brasil was created, inspired by the Cup tournaments played in European countries. Fluminense reached the final of the Copa do Brasil for the first time in 1992, but lost to Internacional de Porto Alegre. A disastrous campaign led to the club's relegation from Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, Brasileirão Série A in 1996 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, 1996. A set of off-field political manoeuvres, however, not performed by Fluminense, allowed Fluminense to remain in Brazil's top domestic league, only to be relegated the next year. Completely out of control the club was relegated from Série B to Série C in 1998. In 1999, Fluminense won the Série C championship and were to be promoted to Série B when they were invited to take part in Copa João Havelange, a championship that replaced the traditional Série A in 2000. In 2001, it was decided that all clubs which took part in Copa João Havelange's so-called Copa João Havelange Group Blue, Blue Group should be kept in Série A. In 2002, 2005 and 2012, Fluminense won the Campeonato Carioca again. In 2005 Fluminense reached the final of the Copa do Brasil again, but lost to Paulista Futebol Clube. In 2007, Fluminense won the Copa do Brasil, after beating Figueirense in the final, and was admitted to the Copa Libertadores again after 23 years. The club's campaign saw them reach the final and included remarkable matches against Arsenal de Sarandí, São Paulo FC, São Paulo and Boca Juniors. Fluminense lost the final to LDU Quito in a penalty shootout. After signing 27 players and going through 5 different managers in 2009, Fluminense found themselves struggling to avoid another relegation from Série A. With less than one-third of the championship left, the mathematical probability of the club's relegation was 98%. At this point, manager Alexi Stival, Cuca decided to dispense with some of the more experienced players and gave Fluminense's youngsters a chance. That, along with Fred (footballer, born 1983), Fred's recovery from a serious injury and substantial support from the fans, allowed not only a sensational escape from relegation, but also placed Fluminense in the final of the Copa Sudamericana. For the second year in a row, the club contested a continental cup. In a repeat of the previous year's Copa Libertadores, Fluminense lost the final to LDU Quito. In 2010, Fluminense won the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 2010, Brazilian championship for the third time in their history, marking their third national championship after 1970 and 1984. It was also the fourth title for coach Muricy Ramalho in a decade: Ramalho had won the title three times in a row with São Paulo FC, São Paulo from 2006 to 2008. Darío Conca was named the Brazilian Championship's Player of the Season, while Fred (footballer, born 1983), Fred and Washington Stecanela Cerqueira, Washington were decisive players in Fluminense's winning campaign. On 23 May 2012, Fluminense lost the semifinal qualification match to Boca Juniors from Argentina, for the continental club football cup, Copa Libertadores. Later that year, on 11 November, they won their fourth 2012 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, Brazilian championship after defeating the near-relegated Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras, Palmeiras 3–2. Fluminense won the Série A for the fourth time on 11 November 2012. In December 2013, a draw with Esporte Clube Bahia, Bahia in the last round of the 2013 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A had Fluminense mathematically relegated to Série B. However, irregular lineups by Associação Portuguesa de Desportos, Portuguesa and Fluminense's main rivals Clube de Regatas do Flamengo, Flamengo in their matches against Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense, Grêmio and Cruzeiro Esporte Clube, Cruzeiro respectively caused both teams to lose 4 points after a trial in STJD (Brazil's governing football jury). That allowed Fluminense to stay in Série A, with Portuguesa being relegated instead and Flamengo ending the championship as the last non-relegated club.


Performance

Fluminense have taken part in 47 of the 49 official Campeonato Brasileiro Serie A, Serie A championships organized in Brazil since 1971.


Records


Highest attendances – Maracanã

* 1. Fluminense 0-0 Clube de Regatas do Flamengo, Flamengo, 1963 194,603 ¹ * 2. Fluminense 3–2 Clube de Regatas do Flamengo, Flamengo, 1969 171,599 * 3. Fluminense 1–0 Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas, Botafogo, 1971 160,000 * 4. Fluminense 0–0 Clube de Regatas do Flamengo, Flamengo, 1976 155,116 * 5. Fluminense 1–0 Clube de Regatas do Flamengo, Flamengo, 1984 153,520 * 6. Fluminense 1–1 Sport Club Corinthians Paulista, Corinthians, 1976 146,043 ¹: 177,656 paying, a record for persons present at Maracanã stadium.


Highest average attendance at public competition for Fluminense

* Largest average attendance in the Copa Libertadores (RJ): 52,801 (49,011 paying, 2008) * Largest average attendance in the Copa Sudamericana (RJ): 29,357 (27,318 paying, 2009) * Largest average attendance in international tournaments (RJ): 48,797 (37,541 paying, Copa Rio, 1952) * Largest average attendance in national championships (RJ): 43,541 paying (1976) * Largest average attendance in the Tournament Roberto Gomes Pedrosa (RJ): 40,408 paying (1970) * Largest average attendance in the Brazil Cup (RJ): 27,123 paying (2007) * Largest average attendance in the Rio-São Paulo Tournament (RJ): 33,018 paying (1960) * Largest average attendance in the state championship: 47,814 paying (1969, all stages) * Largest average attendance in the state championship in the Maracana Stadium: 93,560 paying (1969, 10 matches)


Support

The supporters of Fluminense Football Club are usually related to the upper classes of Rio de Janeiro. However, the popularity of the club reaches beyond the city limits. Recent polls have estimated the number of supporters to be between 1.3% and 3.7% of the Demographics of Brazil, Brazilian population. Considering a population of 185 million people, that would account for numbers between 2.73 and 6.84 million. The best attendance ever observed in a match of Fluminense was registered on 15 December 1963 in a rally against Flamengo. On that day, an impressive number of 194,000 people showed up at Estádio do Maracanã, Maracanã stadium. This occasion remains as the stadium's record for a match between clubs. Notable supporters of Fluminense include composers Cartola and Chico Buarque, FIFA president of honor João Havelange, musician Ivan Lins, poet and actor Mário Lago, journalist and songwriter Nelson Motta, dramatist, journalist and writer Nelson Rodrigues, 1970 FIFA World Cup winner Gérson, Paris Saint-Germain F.C., Paris Saint-Germain central defender Thiago Silva, Left-back legend Marcelo, former Ministry of Culture (Brazil), Minister of Culture Gilberto Gil, Silvio Santos, the owner of Sistema Brasileiro de Televisão, SBT, the second largest Brazilian television network, and the Academy Award nominee Fernanda Montenegro.


Honours


National

* Campeonato Brasileiro Série A: 1970 Torneio Roberto Gomes Pedrosa, 1970, 1984 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, 1984, 2010 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, 2010, 2012 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, 2012 * Copa do Brasil: 2007 Copa do Brasil, 2007 * Campeonato Brasileiro Série C: 1999 Campeonato Brasileiro Série C, 1999 * Primeira Liga (Brazil), Primeira Liga do Brasil: 2016 Primeira Liga, 2016


Regional

* Torneio Rio-São Paulo: 1957, 1960 * :pt:Taça Ioduran, Taça Ioduran – Rio-São Paulo: 1919


Intercontinental

*Copa Rio (international tournament), Copa Rio Internacional: 1952


State

* Campeonato Carioca (31): 1906 Campeonato Carioca, 1906, 1907 Campeonato Carioca, 1907, 1908 Campeonato Carioca, 1908, 1909 Campeonato Carioca, 1909, 1911 Campeonato Carioca, 1911, 1917 Campeonato Carioca, 1917, 1960 Campeonato Carioca, 1918, 1919 Campeonato Carioca, 1919, 1924 Campeonato Carioca, 1924, 1936 Campeonato Carioca, 1936, 1937 Campeonato Carioca, 1937, 1938 Campeonato Carioca, 1938, 1940 Campeonato Carioca, 1940, 1941 Campeonato Carioca, 1941, 1946 Campeonato Carioca, 1946, 1951 Campeonato Carioca, 1951, 1959 Campeonato Carioca, 1959, 1964 Campeonato Carioca, 1964, 1969 Campeonato Carioca, 1969, 1971 Campeonato Carioca, 1971, 1973 Campeonato Carioca, 1973, 1975 Campeonato Carioca, 1975, 1976 Campeonato Carioca, 1976, 1980 Campeonato Carioca, 1980, 1983 Campeonato Carioca, 1983, 1984 Campeonato Carioca, 1984, 1985 Campeonato Carioca, 1985, 1995 Campeonato Carioca, 1995, 2002 Campeonato Carioca, 2002, 2005 Campeonato Carioca, 2005, 2012 Campeonato Carioca, 2012


Fluminense main derbies

* Fla-Flu, also called Derby of Crowds ('Clássico das Multidões'), played with Clube de Regatas do Flamengo, Flamengo; * Giants' Derby ('Clássico dos Gigantes'); played with CR Vasco da Gama, Vasco da Gama; * Grandpa Derby ('Clássico Vovô'), played with Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas, Botafogo. The name comes from being the two oldest practicing football clubs among the great clubs of Rio de Janeiro, and this is also the oldest classic in Brazil, because its first game was on October 22, 1905, friendly that the Fluminense won by 6–0. According to the fluzao.info site, the average paying public at the principal classics of Fluminense played in the Maracanã Stadium, Estádio do Maracanã is 60,107 against Flamengo, 43,735 against Vasco, 34,359 against Botafogo, 25,127 against America and 22,527 against Bangu (1950-2010). These statistics could be about 20% higher, given the issues of the distribution of gratuities at Maracanã. Corinthians vs Fluminense, interstate derby The derby against Sport Club Corinthians Paulista, Corinthians is perhaps the most representative among the various confrontations with big Brazilian clubs played by Fluminense, given the fact that these clubs often intersect at decisive moments in their seasons.


Statistics

; Records.


Players with most appearances


Top goalscorers


Coaches with most games


Sponsors

Companies that Fluminense Football Club currently has sponsorship deals with include: * Umbro 
Betano


Players


Current squad


Reserve team


Out on loan


First-team staff


Head coaches

* Charlie Williams (footballer, born 1873), Charlie Williams (1911–12) * Ramón Platero (1919) * Charlie Williams (footballer, born 1873), Charlie Williams (1924–26) * Luiz Vinhaes (1929–33) * Ondino Viera (1938–43) * Gentil Alves Cardoso, Gentil Cardoso (1945–47) * Ondino Viera (1948–49) * Zezé Moreira (1951–54) * Sylvio Pirillo (1956–58) * Zezé Moreira (1958–62) * Tim (footballer), Tim (1964–67) * Telê Santana (1969–70) * Paulo Amaral (1970) * Mário Zagallo (1971–72) * Zezé Moreira (1973) * Didi (footballer, born 1928), Didi (1975) * Carlos Alberto Parreira (1975–78) * Mário Travaglini (1976–77) * Paulo Emilio Frossard Jorge, Paulo Emilio (1978) * Nélson Rosa Martins, Nelsinho Rosa (1979–81) * José Luiz Carbone, Carbone (1983–84) * Carlos Alberto Parreira (1984–85) * José Omar Pastoriza (1985) * Nélson Rosa Martins, Nelsinho Rosa (1985–86) * José Luiz Carbone, Carbone (1987) * Paulo Emilio Frossard Jorge, Paulo Emilio (1990) * Nélson Rosa Martins, Nelsinho Rosa (1993) * Renato Gaúcho (1996) * Hugo de León (1997) * José Luiz Carbone, Carbone (1997–98) * Carlos Alberto Parreira (1999–00) * Oswaldo de Oliveira (2001–02) * Renato Gaúcho (2 September 2002 – 11 July 2003) * Joel Santana (18 July 2003 1 October 2003) * Renato Gaúcho (1 October 2003 – 28 December 2003) * Ricardo Gomes (4 March 2004 – 15 August 2004) * Alexandre Gama(16 August 2004 - 31 December 2004) * Abel Braga (1 January 2005 – 10 December 2005) * Ivo Wortmann (11 December 2005 – 19 February 2006) * Paulo Campos (football manager), Paulo Campos (22 February 2006 – 12 March 2006) * Oswaldo de Oliveira (2006) * Antônio Lopes (23 August 2006 – 29 September 2006) * Paulo César Gusmão, PC Gusmão (29 September 2006 – 11 February 2007) * Renato Gaúcho (24 April 2007 – 10 August 2008) * Cuca (footballer, born 1963), Cuca (11 August 2008 – 2 October 2008) * Renê Simões (2 October 2008 – 6 March 2009) * Carlos Alberto Parreira (7 March 2009 – 13 July 2009) * Vinícius Eutrópio (14 July 2009 – 19 July 2009) * Renato Gaúcho (20 July 2009 – 1 September 2009) * Cuca (footballer, born 1963), Cuca (1 September 2009 – 19 April 2010) * Muricy Ramalho (25 April 2010 – 13 March 2011) * Enderson Moreira ''(int.)'' (21 March 2011 – 31 May 2011) * Abel Braga (8 June 2011 – 29 July 2013) * Vanderlei Luxemburgo (30 July 2013 – 12 November 2013) * Dorival Júnior (12 November 2013 – 26 December 2013) * Renato Gaúcho (28 December 2013 – 2 April 2014) * Cristóvão Borges (2 April 2014 – 23 March 2015) * Ricardo Drubscky (23 March – 17 May 2015) * Enderson Moreira (18 May 2015 – 16 September 2015) * Eduardo Baptista (17 September 2015 – 25 February 2016) * Levir Culpi (4 March 2016 – 6 November 2016) * Marco Aurélio de Oliveira, Marcão (6 November 2016 – 1 December 2016) * Abel Braga (1 December 2016 – June 2018) * Marcelo Oliveira (June 2018 - 29 November 2018) * Fábio Moreno (last game in Brazilian Championship) * Fernando Diniz (2018-2019) * Marco Aurélio de Oliveira, Marcão (one game) * Oswaldo de Oliveira (2019) * Marco Aurélio de Oliveira, Marcão (2019) * Odair Hellmann (2020) * Marco Aurélio de Oliveira, Marcão (2020–2021) * Roger Machado Marques, Roger Machado (2021) * Marco Aurélio de Oliveira, Marcão (2021-present)


See also

*2008 Fluminense Football Club season


Notes


References


External links

*
Flickr: Fluminense Oficial's Photostream – Downloadable Fluminense Photos



Fluminense F.C. Page at Goal.com







NETFLU – Hourly News about Fluminense Football Club



Fluminense F.C. daily news in Portuguese



Fluminense Football Club Page at ESPN Global

Fluminense F.C. at The World Game: News, Results & Tables
{{Authority control Fluminense FC, Association football clubs established in 1902 Football clubs in Rio de Janeiro (state) Football clubs in Rio de Janeiro (city) 1902 establishments in Brazil