**Fluid mechanics** is the branch of physics concerned with the mechanics of fluids (liquids, gases, and plasmas) and the forces on them.^{[1]}^{:3}
It has applications in a wide range of disciplines, including mechanical, civil, chemical and biomedical engineering, geophysics, oceanography, meteorology, astrophysics, and biology.

It can be divided into fluid statics, the study of fluids at rest; and fluid dynamics, the study of the effect of forces on fluid motion.^{[1]}^{:3}
It is a branch of continuum mechanics, a subject which models matter without using the information that it is made out of atoms; that is, it models matter from a *macroscopic* viewpoint rather than from *microscopic*. Fluid mechanics, especially fluid dynamics, is an active field of research, typically mathematically complex. Many problems are partly or wholly unsolved and are best addressed by numerical methods, typically using computers. A modern discipline, called computational fluid dynamics (CFD), is devoted to this approach.^{[2]} Particle image velocimetry, an experimental method for visualizing and analyzing fluid flow, also takes advantage of the highly visual nature of fluid flow.

- Aerodynamics
- Applied mechanics
- Bernoulli's principle
- Communicating vessels
- In some applications, another rough broad division among fluids is made: ideal and non-ideal fluids. An ideal fluid is non-viscous and offers no resistance whatsoever to a shearing force. An ideal fluid really does not exist, but in some calculations, the assumption is justifiable. One example of this is the flow far from solid surfaces. In many cases, the viscous effects are concentrated near the solid boundaries (such as in boundary layers) while in regions of the flow field far away from the boundaries the viscous effects can be neglected and the fluid there is treated as it were inviscid (ideal flow). When the viscosity is neglected, the term containing the viscous stress tensor in the Navierâ€“Stokes equation vanishes. The equation reduced in this form is called the Euler equation.