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The First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff
First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff
(1SL/CNS)[2][3] is the professional head of the United Kingdom's Royal Navy
Royal Navy
and the whole Naval Service. Originally the title was the Senior Naval Lord to the Board of Admiralty
Board of Admiralty
when the post was created in 1689.[4] The office holder was then re-styled First Naval Lord from 1771.[5] The concept of a professional "First Naval Lord" was introduced in 1805[6] and the title of the First Naval Lord was changed to "First Sea Lord" on the appointment of Sir Jackie Fisher in 1904. From 1923 onward, the First Sea Lord
Sea Lord
was a member of the Chiefs of Staff Committee; he now sits on the Defence Council and the Admiralty
Admiralty
Board.[7] The current First Sea Lord
Sea Lord
is Admiral Sir Philip Jones (appointed in April 2016).[8] The flagship of the First Sea Lord
Sea Lord
is HMS Victory.[9]

Contents

1 History 2 Senior Naval Lords, 1689–1771 3 First Naval Lords, 1771–1904 4 First Sea Lords, 1904–present 5 Fictional First Sea Lords 6 See also 7 Notes 8 Citations 9 Sources

History[edit] Lords Admiral were appointed from the 15th century; they were later styled Lords High Admiral until the 18th century, and Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty
Admiralty
from the 17th century, as the governors of the English and later of the British Royal Navy. From 1683 to 1684, there were seven paid Commissioners and one supernumerary Commissioner who served without salary. The number varied between five and seven Commissioners through the 18th century. The standing of all the Commissioners was in theory the same, although the First Commissioner or First Lord exercised an ascendancy over his colleagues from an early date.[10] The generally recognized office of Senior Naval Lord to the Board of Admiralty
Admiralty
was established on 8 March 1689,[4] with the first incumbent being Admiral Arthur Herbert; he was also First Lord of the Admiralty. On the 20 January 1690 Admiral Herbert was succeeded by Admiral Sir John Chicheley[4] under First Lord of Admiralty
Admiralty
Thomas Herbert, Earl of Pembroke.[10] On 22 May 1702 the Board of Admiralty
Board of Admiralty
ceased control of Naval Affairs and was replaced by the Lord Admiral's Council.[4] The previous office of Senior Naval Lord was replaced by a Senior Member to the Lords Admiral Council; he was usually a serving naval officer of Admiral rank and was the Chief Naval Adviser to the Lord Admiral. This lasted until 8 November 1709 when the Board of Admiralty
Board of Admiralty
resumed control of Naval Affairs and the post of Senior Naval Lord was resumed.[10] On 2 February 1771 the office of Senior Naval Lord was renamed to First Naval Lord.[5] The first post holder was Vice-Admiral Augustus Hervey; he first served under First Lord of the Admiralty
First Lord of the Admiralty
John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich. In 1805, for the first time, specific functions were assigned to each of the 'Naval' Lords, who were described as 'Professional' Lords, leaving to the 'Civil' Lords the routine business of signing documents.[10] On the 2 May 1827[11] the Board of Admiralty
Board of Admiralty
once again ceased control of Naval Affairs and was replaced by a Lord High Admirals Council: this lasted until 1828.[10] The title of the First Naval Lord was changed to First Sea Lord
Sea Lord
on the appointment of Sir Jackie Fisher in 1904.[12] In 1917, the First Sea Lord was re-styled First Sea Lord
Sea Lord
and Chief of the Naval Staff.[13] From 1923 onward, the First Sea Lord
Sea Lord
was a member of the Chiefs of Staff Committee and from 1923 to 1959, in rotation with the representatives of the other services (the Chief of the Imperial General Staff and Chief of the Air Staff), he would serve as the chairman of that committee and head of all British armed forces.[a] The title was retained when the Board of Admiralty
Board of Admiralty
was abolished in 1964 and the Board's functions were integrated into the Ministry of Defence.[14] Under the current organisation, the First Sea Lord
Sea Lord
sits on the Defence Council [3] the Admiralty
Admiralty
Board.[3] and the Navy Board. Senior Naval Lords, 1689–1771[edit]

Rank Name Image Term of office Ref.

Admiral Arthur Herbert

8 March 1689 20 January 1690 [4]

Admiral Sir John Chicheley

20 January 1690 5 June 1690 [4]

Admiral Edward Russell

5 June 1690 23 January 1691 [4]

Captain Henry Priestman

23 January 1691 2 May 1694 [4]

Admiral Earl of Orford

2 May 1694 31 May 1699 [4]

Admiral Sir George Rooke

31 May 1699 26 January 1702 [4]

Admiral Sir John Leake

8 November 1709 4 October 1710 [15]

Admiral Sir George Byng

4 October 1710 30 September 1712 [15]

Admiral Sir John Leake

30 September 1712 14 October 1714 [15]

Admiral Sir George Byng

14 October 1714 16 April 1717 [15]

Admiral Matthew Aylmer

16 April 1717 19 March 1718 [15]

Admiral Sir George Byng

19 March 1718 30 September 1721 [15]

Admiral Sir John Jennings

30 September 1721 1 June 1727 [15]

Admiral Sir John Norris

1 June 1727 13 May 1730 [15]

Admiral Sir Charles Wager

13 May 1730 23 June 1733 [15]

Admiral Lord Archibald Hamilton

23 June 1733 13 March 1738 [15]

Admiral Lord Harry Powlett

13 March 1738 19 March 1742 [15]

Admiral Lord Archibald Hamilton

19 March 1742 25 March 1746 [15]

Admiral Lord Vere Beauclerk

25 March 1746 18 November 1749 [15]

Admiral Lord Anson

18 November 1749 22 June 1751 [15]

Admiral Sir William Rowley

22 June 1751 17 November 1756 [15]

Vice Admiral The Honourable Edward Boscawen

17 November 1756 6 April 1757 [15]

Admiral Sir William Rowley

6 April 1757 2 July 1757 [15]

Admiral The Honourable Edward Boscawen

2 July 1757 19 March 1761 [15]

Admiral The Honourable John Forbes

19 March 1761 20 April 1763 [15]

Admiral Earl Howe

20 April 1763 31 July 1765 [15]

Admiral Sir Charles Saunders

31 July 1765 15 September 1766 [15]

Rear Admiral The Honourable Augustus Keppel

15 September 1766 11 December 1766 [15]

Rear Admiral Sir Peircy Brett

11 December 1766 28 February 1770 [15]

Admiral Sir Francis Holburne

28 February 1770 2 February 1771 [15]

First Naval Lords, 1771–1904[edit]

Rank Name Image Term of office Ref.

Vice Admiral Augustus Hervey

2 February 1771 12 April 1775 [5]

Vice Admiral Sir Hugh Palliser

12 April 1775 23 September 1779 [5]

Vice Admiral Robert Man

23 September 1779 22 September 1780 [5]

Vice Admiral George Darby

22 September 1780 1 April 1782 [5]

Admiral Sir Robert Harland

1 April 1782 30 January 1783 [5]

Admiral Hugh Pigot

30 January 1783 31 December 1783 [5]

Rear Admiral John Leveson-Gower

31 December 1783 12 August 1789 [5]

Vice Admiral Lord Hood

12 August 1789 7 March 1795 [5]

Vice Admiral Sir Charles Middleton

7 March 1795 20 November 1795 [5]

Rear Admiral James Gambier

20 November 1795 19 February 1801 [5]

Rear Admiral Sir Thomas Troubridge

19 February 1801 15 May 1804 [5]

Vice Admiral James Gambier

15 May 1804 10 February 1806 [5]

Rear Admiral John Markham

10 February 1806 6 April 1807 [5]

Admiral James Gambier

6 April 1807 9 May 1808 [5]

Vice Admiral Sir Richard Bickerton

9 May 1808 25 March 1812 [5]

Vice Admiral William Domett

25 March 1812 23 October 1813 [5]

Vice Admiral Sir Joseph Yorke

23 October 1813 24 May 1816 [5]

Vice Admiral Sir Graham Moore

24 May 1816 13 March 1820 [5]

Vice Admiral Sir William Johnstone Hope

13 March 1820 2 May 1827 [5]

Vice Admiral Sir George Cockburn

19 September 1828 25 November 1830 [10]

Rear Admiral Sir Thomas Hardy

25 November 1830 1 August 1834 [10]

Rear Admiral The Hon. Sir George Dundas

1 August 1834 1 November 1834 [10]

Rear Admiral Sir Charles Adam

1 November 1834 23 December 1834 [10]

Vice Admiral Sir George Cockburn

23 December 1834 25 April 1835 [10]

Vice Admiral Sir Charles Adam

25 April 1835 8 September 1841 [10]

Admiral Sir George Cockburn

8 September 1841 13 July 1846 [10]

Vice Admiral Sir William Parker

13 July 1846 24 July 1846 [10]

Vice Admiral Sir Charles Adam

24 July 1846 20 July 1847 [10]

Rear Admiral Sir James Dundas

20 July 1847 13 February 1852 [10]

Rear Admiral The Hon. Maurice Fitzhardinge Berkeley

13 February 1852 2 March 1852 [10]

Vice Admiral Hyde Parker

2 March 1852 26 May 1854 [10]

Vice Admiral The Hon. Maurice Fitzhardinge Berkeley

26 May 1854 24 November 1857 [10]

Vice Admiral The Hon. Sir Richard Saunders Dundas

24 November 1857 8 March 1858 [10]

Vice Admiral Sir William Martin

8 March 1858 28 June 1859 [10]

Vice Admiral The Hon. Sir Richard Saunders Dundas

28 June 1859 15 June 1861 [10]

Admiral The Hon. Sir Frederick Grey

15 June 1861 13 July 1866 [10]

Vice Admiral Sir Alexander Milne

13 July 1866 18 December 1868 [10]

Admiral Sir Sydney Dacres

18 December 1868 27 November 1872 [10]

Admiral Sir Alexander Milne

27 November 1872 7 September 1876 [16]

Admiral Sir Hastings Yelverton

7 September 1876 5 November 1877 [16]

Admiral Sir George Wellesley

5 November 1877 12 August 1879 [16]

Admiral Sir Astley Cooper Key

12 August 1879 1 July 1885 [16]

Admiral Sir Arthur Hood

1 July 1885 15 February 1886 [16]

Admiral Lord John Hay

15 February 1886 9 August 1886 [16]

Admiral Sir Arthur Hood

9 August 1886 24 October 1889 [16]

Admiral Sir Richard Hamilton

24 October 1889 28 September 1891 [16]

Admiral Sir Anthony Hoskins

28 September 1891 1 November 1893 [16]

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Frederick Richards

1 November 1893 19 August 1899 [16]

Admiral of the Fleet Lord Walter Kerr

19 August 1899 21 October 1904 [17]

First Sea Lords, 1904–present[edit]

Rank Name Image Term of office Ref.

Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Fisher

21 October 1904 25 January 1910 [18]

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Wilson

25 January 1910 5 December 1911 [19]

Admiral Sir Francis Bridgeman

5 December 1911 9 December 1912 [20]

Admiral Prince Louis of Battenberg

9 December 1912 30 October 1914 [21]

Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Fisher

30 October 1914 15 May 1915 [22]

Admiral Sir Henry Jackson

15 May 1915 30 November 1916 [23]

Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Jellicoe

30 November 1916 10 January 1918 [24]

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Rosslyn Wemyss

10 January 1918 1 November 1919 [25]

Admiral of the Fleet The Earl Beatty

1 November 1919 30 July 1927 [26]

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Charles Madden

30 July 1927 30 July 1930 [27]

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Frederick Field

30 July 1930 21 January 1933 [28]

Admiral of the Fleet The Lord Chatfield

21 January 1933 7 September 1938 [29]

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Roger Backhouse

7 September 1938 12 June 1939 [30]

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Dudley Pound

12 June 1939 15 October 1943 [31]

Admiral of the Fleet The Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope

15 October 1943 24 May 1946 [32]

Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Cunningham

24 May 1946 29 September 1948 [33]

Admiral of the Fleet The Lord Fraser of North Cape

29 September 1948 20 December 1951 [34]

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Rhoderick McGrigor

20 December 1951 18 April 1955 [35]

Admiral of the Fleet The Earl Mountbatten of Burma

18 April 1955 19 October 1959 [36]

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Charles Lambe

19 October 1959 23 May 1960 [37]

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Caspar John

23 May 1960 7 August 1963 [38]

Admiral Sir David Luce

7 August 1963 March 1966 [39]

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Varyl Begg

March 1966 August 1968 [40]

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Michael Le Fanu

August 1968 July 1970 [41]

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Peter Hill-Norton

July 1970 March 1971 [42]

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Michael Pollock

March 1971 March 1974 [43]

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Edward Ashmore

March 1974 March 1977 [44]

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Terence Lewin

March 1977 July 1979 [45]

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Henry Leach

July 1979 December 1982 [46]

Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Fieldhouse

December 1982 August 1985 [47]

Admiral of the Fleet Sir William Staveley

August 1985 May 1989 [48]

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Julian Oswald

May 1989 March 1993 [49]

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Benjamin Bathurst

March 1993 July 1995 [50]

Admiral Sir Jock Slater

July 1995 October 1998 [51]

Admiral Sir Michael Boyce

October 1998 January 2001 [51]

Admiral Sir Nigel Essenhigh

January 2001 September 2002 [52]

Admiral Sir Alan West

September 2002 February 2006 [51]

Admiral Sir Jonathon Band

February 2006 July 2009 [51]

Admiral Sir Mark Stanhope

July 2009 April 2013 [51]

Admiral Sir George Zambellas

April 2013 April 2016 [53]

Admiral Sir Philip Jones

April 2016 Incumbent [8]

Fictional First Sea Lords[edit] In John Buchan's novel, The Thirty-Nine Steps
The Thirty-Nine Steps
(1915), the First Sea Lord is named as Lord Alloa, an impostor who Richard Hannay recognizes at a meeting as a spy and recent pursuer of his. Hannay describes Lord Alloa as recognizable from news pictures for his "beard cut like a spade, the firm fighting mouth, the blunt square nose, and the keen blue eyes...the man, they say, that made the New British Navy".[54] The real First Sea Lord
Sea Lord
at the time the story is set (early summer 1914) was Prince Louis of Battenberg, coincidentally also bearded. See also[edit]

Chief of the Defence Staff (United Kingdom) Second Sea Lord Third Sea Lord Fourth Sea Lord Fifth Sea Lord

Notes[edit]

a. ^ In 1955, it was decided to create a new post, Chief of the Defence Staff, who would be chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee.[55]

Citations[edit]

^ Archives, The National. "Admiralty: Office of the First Sea Lord, later First Sea Lord
Sea Lord
and Chief of the Naval Staff: Correspondence and Papers". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. The National Archives. UK. Retrieved 6 February 2017.  ^ Organisation: How the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
is Managed Ministry of Defence ^ a b c The Navy List, 1992, corrected to 31 March 1992, pub HMSO, ISSN 0141-6081 pages 4-5. The Navy List, 2008, compiled 3 September 2008, pub TSO, ISBN 978-0-11-773081-6 pages 4-5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Rodger, p. 34 ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Rodger, p. 69 ^ Thomas, David A, A companion to the Royal Navy, pub Harrap, 1988, ISBN 0-245-54572-7 page 31. ^ MoD Website: people - First Sea Lord
Sea Lord
and Chief of Naval Staff, accessed 23 July 2013 ^ a b "Admiral Sir Philip Jones takes over as First Sea Lord". Royal Navy. 8 April 2016. Retrieved 8 April 2016.  ^ HMS Victory
HMS Victory
handed to First Sea Lord
Sea Lord
in Portsmouth, BBC News, 10 October 2012, accessed 8 October 2016 ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x "Sainty, JC, 'Lord High Admiral and Commissioners of the Admiralty
Admiralty
1660-1870', Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 4: Admiralty
Admiralty
Officials 1660-1870 (1975), pp. 18-31". Retrieved 4 September 2009.  ^ Rodger, p. 91 ^ Heathcote, p. 81 ^ "Friedman, N, 'The British Battleship 1906-1946', (2015), p. 21.".  ^ Ministry of Defence (2012-12-10). "History of the Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Defence website" (PDF). Mod.uk. Retrieved 2013-06-03.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Rodger, p. 51-52 ^ a b c d e f g h i j "The Commissioners ("Lords") of the Admiralty 1828 - 1895". W Loney RN. Retrieved 25 January 2014.  ^ Heathcote, p. 144 ^ Mackay, p. 315 ^ Heathcote, p. 268 ^ "Admiral Sir Francis Bridgeman". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 25 January 2014.  ^ Kerr, p. 238 ^ Heathcote, p. 83 ^ Heathcote, p. 127 ^ Heathcote, p. 130 ^ Heathcote, p. 252 ^ Heathcote, p. 26 ^ Heathcote, p. 164 ^ Heathcote, p. 75 ^ Heathcote, p. 42 ^ Heathcote, p. 21 ^ Heathcote, p. 217 ^ Heathcote, p. 60 ^ Heathcote, p. 63 ^ Heathcote, p. 90 ^ Heathcote, p. 162 ^ Heathcote, p. 189 ^ Heathcote, p. 150 ^ Heathcote, p. 139 ^ "Sir David Luce". Unit Histories. Retrieved 25 January 2014.  ^ Heathcote, p. 29 ^ Heathcote, p. 155 ^ Heathcote, p. 115 ^ Heathcote, p. 214 ^ Heathcote, p. 16 ^ Heathcote, p. 158 ^ Heathcote, p. 152 ^ Heathcote, p. 78 ^ Heathcote, p. 235 ^ Heathcote, p. 204 ^ Heathcote, p. 23 ^ a b c d e Who's Who 2010, A & C Black, 2010, ISBN 978-1-408-11414-8 ^ "Sir Nigel Essenhigh". University of Exeter. Retrieved 25 January 2014.  ^ "Admiral Zambellas new First Sea Lord". Inside Government. 9 April 2013. Retrieved 25 January 2014.  ^ The Thirty-Nine Steps
The Thirty-Nine Steps
by John Buchan, chapter 8. ^ Defence Administrative Responsibilities Hansard, 25 October 1955

Sources[edit]

Heathcote, Tony (2002). The British Admirals of the Fleet 1734 - 1995. Pen & Sword Ltd. ISBN 0-85052-835-6.  Kerr, Mark (1934). Prince Louis of Battenberg: Admiral of the Fleet. London: Longmans, Green and Co.  Mackay, Ruddock F. (1973). Fisher of Kilverstone. London: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0198224099.  Rodger, N.A.M. (1979). The Admiralty. Offices of State. Lavenham: T. Dalton Ltd. ISBN 0900963948. 

v t e

First Sea Lords of the Royal Navy

Senior Naval Lords (1689–1771)

Arthur Herbert Sir John Chicheley Edward Russell Henry Priestman Earl of Orford Sir George Rooke Sir John Leake Sir George Byng Sir John Leake Sir George Byng Matthew Aylmer Sir George Byng Sir John Jennings Sir John Norris Sir Charles Wager Lord Archibald Hamilton Lord Harry Powlett Lord Archibald Hamilton Lord Vere Beauclerk Lord Anson Sir William Rowley Edward Boscawen Sir William Rowley Edward Boscawen John Forbes Earl Howe Sir Charles Saunders Augustus Keppel Sir Peircy Brett Sir Francis Holburne

First Naval Lords (1771–1904)

Augustus Hervey Sir Hugh Palliser Robert Man George Darby Sir Robert Harland Sir Hugh Pigot John Leveson-Gower Lord Hood Sir Charles Middleton James Gambier Sir Thomas Troubridge James Gambier John Markham James Gambier Sir Richard Bickerton William Domett Sir Joseph Yorke Sir Graham Moore Sir William Johnstone Hope Sir George Cockburn Sir Thomas Hardy The Hon. George Dundas Charles Adam Sir George Cockburn Sir Charles Adam Sir George Cockburn Sir William Parker Sir Charles Adam Sir James Dundas The Hon. Maurice Berkeley Hyde Parker The Hon. Maurice Berkeley The Hon. Sir Richard Dundas William Martin The Hon. Sir Richard Dundas The Hon. Sir Frederick Grey Sir Alexander Milne Sir Sydney Dacres Sir Alexander Milne Sir Hastings Yelverton Sir George Wellesley Sir Astley Key Sir Arthur Hood Lord John Hay Sir Arthur Hood Sir Richard Hamilton Sir Anthony Hoskins Sir Frederick Richards Lord Walter Kerr

First Sea Lords (1904–present)

Sir John Fisher Sir Arthur Wilson Sir Francis Bridgeman Prince Louis of Battenberg The Lord Fisher Sir Henry Jackson Sir John Jellicoe Sir Rosslyn Wemyss The Earl Beatty Sir Charles Madden, Bt Sir Frederick Field The Lord Chatfield Sir Roger Backhouse Sir Dudley Pound The Lord Cunningham of Hyndhope Sir John Cunningham The Lord Fraser of North Cape Sir Rhoderick McGrigor The Earl Mountbatten of Burma Sir Charles Lambe Sir Caspar John Sir David Luce Sir Varyl Begg Sir Michael Le Fanu Sir Peter Hill-Norton Sir Michael Pollock Sir Edward Ashmore Sir Terence Lewin Sir Henry Leach Sir John Fieldhouse Sir William Staveley Sir Julian Oswald Sir Benjamin Bathurst Sir Jock Slater Sir Michael Boyce Sir Nigel Essenhigh Sir Alan West Sir Jonathon Band Sir Mark Stanhope Sir George Zambellas Sir Philip Jones

v t e

Admiralty
Admiralty
Board

Chairman

Secretary of State for Defence

Civilian

Minister of State for the Armed Forces Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare and Veterans Minister for Reserves Under Secretary of State & the Lords Spokesman on Defence Finance Director (Navy)

Naval

First Sea Lord
Sea Lord
and Chief of the Naval Staff Second Sea Lord
Second Sea Lord
and Deputy Chief of Naval Staff Fleet Commander Assistant Chief of the Naval Staff (Policy)

v t e

Navy Board

Naval

First Sea Lord
Sea Lord
and Chief of Naval Staff Second Sea Lord
Second Sea Lord
and Deputy Chief of Naval Staff Fleet Commander Assistant Chief of the Naval Staff (Policy)

Civilian

Finance Director (Navy) Non Executive Director

v t e

 Her Majesty's Naval Service

Leadership

Secretary of State for Defence Minister of State for the Armed Forces Chief of the Naval Staff and First Sea Lord Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff
Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff
and Second Sea Lord Fleet Commander Commander, Allied Maritime Command Commandant General Royal Marines Judge Advocate General of the Armed Forces Warrant Officer of the Naval Service Corps Regimental Sergeant Major 5-star admirals

Components

Royal Navy

Surface fleet Fleet Air Arm Submarine Service Royal Navy
Royal Navy
Medical Service Nursing Service (QARNNS) Chaplaincy Service Navy Police

Royal Marines

3 Commando Brigade Special
Special
Boat Service Marines Band Service

Royal Naval Reserve

Royal Marines
Royal Marines
Reserve

Naval Careers Service

History and future

Admiralty
Admiralty
in the 16th century Admiralty
Admiralty
in the 17th century Admiralty
Admiralty
in the 18th century Customs and traditions Historic forces and commands Future of the Royal Navy History of the Royal Navy History of the Royal Marines HMS Belfast (C35) National Maritime Museum National Museum of the Royal Navy Naval Historical Branch

Operating forces

Navy Command UK Maritime Forces UK Amphibious Forces Current forces and commands

Fleet

British fleet Royal Fleet Auxiliary Current deployments Historic fleets

Ships

Aircraft carriers Escort carriers Seaplane carriers Amphibious warfare ships Battlecruisers Battleships Pre-dreadnought battleships Bomb vessels Corvette and sloop Cruisers Destroyers Fireships Frigates Gun-brigs Gunboat and gunvessels Hospital ships Ironclads Mine countermeasure vessels Monitors Ironclads Patrol vessels Royal yachts Ships of the line Submarines Support ships Survey vessels Historic ships names

Administration

Defence Council Admiralty
Admiralty
Board Navy Board Navy Command

Senior officers

Assistant Chief of the Naval Staff (Aviation & Carriers) Assistant Chief of the Naval Staff (Capability) Assistant Chief of the Naval Staff (Personnel) Assistant Chief of the Naval Staff (Policy) Assistant Chief of the Naval Staff (Ships) Assistant Chief of the Naval Staff (Submarines) Assistant Chief of the Naval Staff (Support) Assistant Chief of the Naval Staff (Training) Chaplain of the Fleet Chief of Material (Fleet) Controller of the Navy Commandant General Royal Marines Commander Operations Commander UK Amphibious Forces Commander UK Maritime Forces Commodore, Naval Staff Commodore, Regional Forces Commodore RFA Flag Officer, Training and Recruitment Flag Officer, Reserves Flag Officer Scotland and Northern Ireland Flag Officer Sea Training Head of Royal Navy
Royal Navy
Communications Naval Secretary Rear-Admiral, Fleet Air Arm Rear Admiral Submarines

Personnel and training

Admiralty
Admiralty
Interview Board Britannia Royal Naval College Commando Training Centre Royal Marines Defence Academy of the United Kingdom HMS Raleigh HMS Sultan Royal Corps of Naval Constructors Chaplain of the Fleet Royal Navy
Royal Navy
Submarine School Sea Training

Equipment

Uniforms Officer rank insignia Ratings rank insignia

Former components

Naval Intelligence Division Naval Recruitment Training Agency Royal Corps of Naval Constructors Royal Maritime Auxiliary Service Royal Naval Academy Royal Naval Auxiliary Service Royal Naval College, Greenwich Royal Naval Air Service Royal Naval Supply and Transport Service Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve Royal School of Naval Architecture Women's Royal Naval Service

Former administration

Admiralty Admiralty
Admiralty
Naval Staff Admiralty
Admiralty
War Staff Admiralty
Admiralty
Navy War Council Board of Admiralty Navy Board Sick and Hurt Board Transport Board Victualling Board

Former leadership

Secretary of State Lord High Admiral First Lord of the Admiralty Chief of the Admiralty
Admiralty
War Staff Commander-in-Chief Fleet Commander-in-Chief, Naval Home Command Deputy First Sea Lord Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff Third Sea Lord Fourth Sea Lord Fifth Sea Lord Vice Chief of the Naval Staff Judge Advocate of the Fleet Chief Naval Judge Advocate

category

v t e

Admiralty
Admiralty
Department

Direction and control of Admiralty
Admiralty
and Naval affairs

Office of First Lord of the Admiralty
First Lord of the Admiralty
and President of the Board of Admiralty Lord High Admirals Council

Boards and offices under the First Lord

Board of Admiralty Navy Board Office of the Naval Secretary Office of the First Naval Lord Office of the First Sea Lord Office of the Senior Naval Lord Office of the Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty Office of the Permanent Secretary to the Admiralty Office of the Private Secretary to the First Lord of the Admiralty

Direction of Admirals Naval/Sea Lords War and Naval Staff

Office of the Senior Naval Lord Office of the First Naval Lord Office of the First Sea Lord

Secretariat and staff under the First Sea Lord

Office of the Naval Assistant to the First Sea Lord Office of the Additional Naval Assistant to the First Sea Lord Office of the Hydrographer of the Navy Offices of the Sea Lords Admiralty
Admiralty
Navy War Council Admiralty
Admiralty
War Staff Admiralty
Admiralty
Naval Staff

Operational planning, policy strategy, tactical doctrine requirements

Admiralty
Admiralty
Navy War Council Admiralty
Admiralty
War Staff Admiralty
Admiralty
Naval Staff

Divisions and sections under the War and Naval Staff

Administrative Planning Division Air Division Anti-Submarine Division Anti-Submarine and Warfare Division Anti-U-boat Division Air Warfare Division Air Warfare and Fly Training Division Air Warfare and Training Division Communications Division Convoy Section Economic Warfare Division Gunnery and Anti-Aircraft Warfare Division Gunnery Division Gunnery and Torpedo Division Historical Section Local Defence Division Division Mercantile Movements Division Naval Air Division Naval Air Organisation and Training Division Naval Artillery and Torpedos Division Navigation Division Navigation and Direction Division Minesweeping Division Mobilisation Division Naval Intelligence Division Operations Division Operations Division
Operations Division
(Home) Operations Division
Operations Division
(Foreign) Operations Division
Operations Division
(Mining) Plans Division Plans Division Q Press Division Requirements and Organisation (Combined Operations) Division Service Conditions and Fleet Supply Duties Division Signal Division Signal Section Standardisation Division Tactical Division Tactical and Weapons Policy Division Torpedo Division Torpedo, Anti-Submarine and Minewarfare Division Trade Division Trade and Operations Division Training Division Training and Staff Duties Division Tactical and Staff Duties Division Undersurface Warfare Division

Offices of the Sea Lords

Office of the Second Sea Lord Office of the Third Sea Lord Office of the Fourth Sea Lord Office of the Fifth Sea Lord

Admiralty
Admiralty
civil units under the Sea Lords

Admiralty
Admiralty
Area Cash Offices Admiralty
Admiralty
Central Dockyard Laboratory Admiralty
Admiralty
Central Metallurgical Laboratory Admiralty
Admiralty
Civilian Shore Wireless Service Admiralty
Admiralty
Compass Observatory Admiralty
Admiralty
Constabulary Admiralty
Admiralty
Experiment Works Admiralty
Admiralty
Gunnery Establishment Admiralty
Admiralty
Interview Board Admiralty
Admiralty
Labour Department Admiralty
Admiralty
Mine Design Department Admiralty
Admiralty
Mining Establishment Admiralty
Admiralty
Naval Aircraft Materials Laboratory Admiralty
Admiralty
Regional Offices Admiralty
Admiralty
Research Laboratory Admiralty
Admiralty
Signal Establishment Admiralty
Admiralty
Signals and Radar Establishment Admiralty
Admiralty
Surface Weapons Establishment Admiralty
Admiralty
Surveying Service Admiralty
Admiralty
Torpedo Experimental Establishment Admiralty
Admiralty
Underwater Weapons Establishment Architectural and Engineering Works Department Air Equipment and Naval Photography Department Air Department Air Materiel Department Air Personnel Department Amphibious Warfare Headquarters Armament Supply Department Board of Invention and Research Board of Longitude Boom Defence Department Boom Defence and Marine Salvage Department Britannia Royal Naval College Chemical Board Chemical Department Civil Catering Department Civil Engineer in Chiefs Department Coastguard and Reserves Branch Combined Operations Headquarters Commissioner for Property and Income-tax for the Naval Department Compass Department Contract and Purchase Department Council of Naval Education Dental Examining Board Department of Radio Equipment Department of the Accountant-General of the Navy Department of Aeronautical and Engineering Research Department of Miscellaneous Weapons Development Department of Naval Assistant (Foreign) to Second Sea Lord Department of Naval Education Operational Research Department of Personal Services and Officer Appointments Department of Physical Research Department of Physical Training & Sports Department of Radio Equipment Department of Research Programmes and Planning Department of Superintendent of de-magnetisation Department of the Admiral of the Training Service Department of the Chief Inspector of Naval Ordnance Department of the Chief of Naval Information Department of the Chief Scientist Department of the Civil Engineer-in-Chief Department of the Comptroller of Steam Machinery Department of the Comptroller for Victualling and Transport Services Department of the Controller of the Navy Department of the Controller-General of Merchant Shipbuilding Department of the Controller for Navy Pay Department of the Deputy Controller for Auxiliary Shipbuilding Department of the Deputy Controller for Dockyards and Shipbuilding Department of the Director Contract-Built Ships Department of the Director-General Aircraft Department of the Director-General of Manpower Department of the Director-General, Supply and Secretariat Branch Department of the Director of Aircraft Maintenance and Repair Department of the Director of Contract Labour Department of the Director of Dockyards Department of the Director of Electrical Engineering Department of the Director of Manning Department of the Director of Merchant Shipbuilding Department of the Director of Merchant Shipbuilding and Repairs Department of the Director of Merchant Ship Repairs Department of the Director of Naval Construction Department of the Director of Naval Equipment Department of the Director of Naval Recruiting Department of the Director of Naval Weather Service Department of the Director of Personal Services Department of the Director of Physical Training and Sports Department of the Director of Torpedoes and Mining Department of the Director of Transports Department of the Director of Underwater Weapons Department of the Director of Unexploded Bombs Department of the Director of Warship Production Department of the Director of Welfare and Service Conditions Department of the Director of Wreck Dispersal Department of the Flag Officer Sea Training Department of the Engineer in Chief Department of the Paymaster Director-General Department of the Inspector of Anti-Aircraft Weapons Department of the Inspector of Dockyard Expense Accounts Department of the Inspector-General of Naval Hospitals and Fleets Department of the Medical Director-General of the Navy Department of the Physician of the Navy Department of the Physician General of the Navy Department of the Storekeeper-General of the Navy Department of the Surveyor of Buildings Department of the Surveyor of Dockyards Dockyards and Fleet Maintenance Department Dockyards Branch Dockyard Expense Accounts Department Dockyard Schools Electrical Engineering Department Engineer Branch Engineering Department Experimental Department Fire Control Group Greenwich Hospital Department Inspector of Telegraphs Inspector of Repairs Medical Consultative Board Medical Examining Board Historical Section Hydrographic Department Marine Pay Office Materials and Priority Department Medical Consultative Board Medical Department Medical Examining Board Movements Department Nautical Almanac Office Naval Artillery and Torpedo Department Naval Engineering College Naval Equipment Department Naval Historical Branch Naval Construction Department Naval Intelligence Department Naval Medical Service Naval Law Division Naval Mobilisation Department Naval Ordnance Department Naval Ordnance Inspection Department Naval Ordnance Stores Department Naval Publicity Department Naval Reserve Department Naval Security Department Naval Stores Department Naval Training Department Naval Works Department Navy, Army and Air Force Institute Navy and Army Canteen Board Navy Works Department Navigation Department Observatory at the Cape of Good Hope Office of the Admiral Commanding Coast Guard and Reserves Office of the Admiral Commanding, Reserves Office of the Admiral Superintendent, Chatham Office of the Admiral-Superintendent, Devonport Office of the Admiral-Superintendent, Malta Office of the Admiral-Superintendent of Naval Reserves Office of the Admiral-Superintendent, Pembroke Office of the Admiral-Superintendent, Plymouth Office of the Admiral-Superintendent, Portsmouth Office of the Admiral-Superintendent, Rosyth Office of the Admiralty
Admiralty
Chemist Office of the Adviser on the Naval Construction to the Board of Admiralty Office of the Assistant Controller Office of the Assistant Controller Research and Development Office of the Clerk of the Journals Office of the Deputy Controller of Navy Office of the Deputy Controller Production Office of the Director Woman’s Royal Naval Nursing Service Office of Extra Naval Assistant to Second Sea Lord Office of the Inspector Gun Mountings Office of the Keeper of Records Office of the Senior Psychologist of the Navy Office of the Translator of French and Spanish Languages Office of the Vice Controller Air Office of the Vice Controller of the Navy Organisation and Methods Department Packet Service Regional Organisation for Merchant Shipbuilding and Repairs Royal Corps of Naval Constructors Royal Flying Corps Royal Marines
Royal Marines
Office Royal Marines
Royal Marines
Pay Office Office of the Chaplain of the Fleet Royal Naval Academy Royal Naval Aircraft Workshops Royal Naval Air Service Royal Naval Air Stations Royal Naval Armaments Depot Royal Naval Cordite Factories Royal Naval Propellant Factory Royal Naval College, Dartmouth Royal Naval College, Greenwich Royal Naval College, Keyham Royal Naval College, Osborne Royal Naval Engineering College Royal Naval Film Corporation Royal Naval Hospital Royal Naval Medical Depot Royal Naval Minewatching Service Royal Naval Mine Depot Royal Naval Patrol Service Royal Naval Scientific Service Royal Naval Sick Quarters Royal Naval Torpedo Depot Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve Royal Naval War College Royal Naval War College, Portsmouth Royal Navy
Royal Navy
Dockyard Royal Navy
Royal Navy
Medical Service Royal Navy
Royal Navy
Shore Signal Service Royal Observatory, Greenwich Royal School of Naval Architecture Salvage Department School of Mathematics and Naval Construction Scientific Research and Experiment Department Sea Transport Department Ship Department Ship Design Department Signal Department Signal School Statistics Department Steam Department Superintendent of De-magnetisation Torpedoes and Mining Department Transport Department Undersurface Warfare Department Victualling Department Volunteer Boys and Cadet Corps Weapons Department Wireless Telegraphy Board

Distribution of the Fleet

Office of the Permanent Secretary to the Admiralty Office of the First Naval Lord Office of the First Sea Lord Admiralty
Admiralty
Naval Staff

Military units distributed under the Admiralty

1st Fleet 2nd Fleet 3rd Fleet Africa Station Atlantic Fleet Australia Station Cape of Good Hope Station Cape and West Africa Station Battle Cruiser Fleet Battle Cruiser Force Caspian Flotilla Channel Fleet Channel Squadron Coastal Forces Coast of Ireland Station Cork Station Coast of Scotland Command China Command Dover Command Downs Station East Indies Fleet East Indies Station East Indies and China Station Eastern Fleet Far Eastern Fleet Grand Fleet Gibraltar Command Gibraltar and Mediterranean Approaches Command Harwich Force Home Fleet Jamaica Station Leeward Islands Station Lisbon Station Mediterranean Fleet Newfoundland Station New Zealand Division New Zealand Naval Forces Nore Command North America and West Indies Station North Atlantic Command North Sea Fleet Orkneys and Shetlands Command Pacific Fleet Pacific Station Patrols Command Plymouth Command Portsmouth Command Queenstown Station Royal East African Navy Royal Indian Navy Royal Navy
Royal Navy
Submarine Service Rosyth Command Reserve Fleet Scotland and Northern Ireland South Atlantic Command South Atlantic and Pacific Station South America Station South East Coast of America Station West Africa Squadron West Africa Station Western Approaches Command West Indies Station Western Squadron

Direction of Naval Finance

Department of the Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty

Departments under Secretary

Department of the Civil Lord of the Admiralty Accountant-General's Department Comptroller of the Navy Department of the Surveyor of the Navy

Direction of Naval Administration and the Admiralty
Admiralty
Secretariat

Department of the Permanent Secretary

Branches and offices under Permanent Secretary

Admiralty
Admiralty
Central Copying Branch Admiralty
Admiralty
Central Registry Branch Admiralty
Admiralty
Record Office Admiralty
Admiralty
Library Admiralty
Admiralty
Secretariat Air Branch Civil Branch Legal Branch Military Branch Naval Branch Ship Branch

Civil Administration

Department of the Civil Lord of the Admiralty, Department of the Additional Civil Lord of the Admiralty

Departments under Civil Administration

Accountant-General's Department Contract and Purchase Department Department of the Director of Contract Labour Department of the Surveyor of Buildings Director of Works' Department Greenwich Hospital Department Works Loan Department

Legal

Judicial Department

Legal under Judicial Department

Admiralty
Admiralty
court High Court of Admiralty Office of the Judge of the High Court of Admiralty High Court of Justice Office of the Judge Advocate of the Fleet Office of the Chief Naval Judge Advocate Office of the Marshall High Court of the Admiralty Office of the Admiralty
Admiralty
Advocate Office of the Admiralty
Admiralty
Proctor Office of the Receiver of Droits High Court of Admiralty Office of the Registrar High Court of the Admiralty Office of the Solicitor for the Affairs of the Admiralty Office of the Solicitor to the Admiralty
Admiralty
and Navy Office of the Counsel to the Admiralty Court of Admiralty
Admiralty
for the Cinque Ports King's Bench Division (Admiralty) Queens's Bench Division (Admiralty) Probate, Divorce and Admiralty
Admiralty
Division Vice Admiralty
Admiralty
courts Colonial Courts of Admiralty

v t e

Board of Admiralty

Ministerial Lords

Office of the First Lord of the Admiralty
First Lord of the Admiralty
and President of the Board (1628–1964)

Naval Lords

Senior Naval Lord (1689–1771) First Naval Lord (1771–1904) First Sea Lord
Sea Lord
(1904–1917) First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff
First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff
(1917–1964) Second Naval Lord (1830–1869, 1872–1904) Second Sea Lord
Second Sea Lord
(1904–1917) Second Sea Lord
Second Sea Lord
and Chief of Naval Personnel (1917–1964) Third Naval Lord (1832–1858) Controller of the Navy (1859–1869) Third Naval Lord and Controller (1869–1872) Controller of the Navy (1872–1882) Third Naval Lord and Controller of the Navy (1882–1904) Third Sea Lord
Third Sea Lord
and Controller of the Navy (1904–1912) Third Sea Lord
Third Sea Lord
(1912–1917) Controller of the Navy (1917–1918) Third Sea Lord
Third Sea Lord
and Chief of Naval Matériel (1918–1965) Junior Naval Lord (1868–1904) Fourth Sea Lord
Fourth Sea Lord
(1904–1917) Fourth Sea Lord
Fourth Sea Lord
and Chief of Supplies and Transport (1917–1955) Fifth Sea Lord
Fifth Sea Lord
(1917) Fifth Sea Lord
Fifth Sea Lord
and Chief of Naval Air Service (1917–1956)

Staff Naval Lords

Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff
Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff
(1917–1964) Deputy First Sea Lord
Deputy First Sea Lord
(1917–1919) Assistant Chief of the Naval Staff (1917–1964) Vice Chief of the Naval Staff
Vice Chief of the Naval Staff
(1941–1964) Deputy First Sea Lord
Deputy First Sea Lord
(1942–1946)

Civil Lords

Civil Lord of the Admiralty
Admiralty
(1830–1964) Accountant-General of the Navy (1832–1869) Controller of Victualling (1832–1869) Director-General of the Medical Department (1832–1869) Storekeeper-General of the Navy (1832–1869) Surveyor of the Navy
Surveyor of the Navy
(1832–1869) Controller of the Navy (1859–1869) Additional Civil Lord of the Admiralty
Admiralty
(1882–1885) Additional Civil Lord of the Admiralty
Admiralty
(1912–1917) Second Civil Lord (1918–1919) Third Civil Lord (1918–1919) Fourth Civil Lord (1918–1919)

Civil Secretaries

Secretaries to the Lords Admiral, Admiralty, Committees and Commissions (1625–1660) First Secretary to the Admiralty
Admiralty
(1660–1763) First Secretary to the Admiralty
Admiralty
(1763–1871) Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty
Admiralty
(1871–1886) Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty
Admiralty
(1886–1959) Joint-Deputy Secretary to the Admiralty
Admiralty
(1702–1766) Second Secretary to the Admiralty
Admiralty
(1783–1857) Permanent Secretary to the Admiralty
Admiralty
(1869–1872) Naval Secretary
Naval Secretary
to the Board of Admiralty
Board of Admiralty
(1872–1882) Permanent Secretary to the Admiralty
Admiralty
(1882–1964)

v t e

United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Ministry of Defence

Headquarters: Main Building, Palace of Whitehall

Armed Forces

Naval Service

Royal Navy Royal Marines

Army Royal Air Force

Defence Council

Political

Secretary of State for Defence Minister of State for the Armed Forces Minister for Defence Procurement Minister of State (House of Lords) Parliamentary Under Secretary of State and Minister for Defence Personnel and Veterans

Military

Chief of the Defence Staff Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff Chief of the Naval Staff and First Sea Lord Chief of the General Staff Chief of the Air Staff Commander Joint Forces Command

Civil Service

Permanent Under Secretary of State for Defence Chief Scientific Adviser Chief of Defence Materiel (not in the Defence Council) Chief of Defence People Director-General Finance Director-General Head Office and Commissioning Services Director-General Nuclear Director-General Security Policy Lead Non-Executive Board Member Non-Executive Defence Board Member and Chair of the People Committee Non-Executive Defence Board Member and Chair of the Defence Audit Committee Non-Executive Defence Board Member and Chair of the Defence Equipment and Support Board

Service boards

Admiralty Board
Admiralty Board
(Navy Board) Army Board Air Force Board

Service commands

Joint Forces Command Headquarters Air Command Army Headquarters Navy Command

Support organisations

Defence Business Services Defence Equipment and Support Defence Infrastructure Organisation Defence Intelligence

Executive agencies

Defence Electronics and Components Agency Defence Science and Technology Laboratory United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Hydrographic Office Ministry of Defence Police

Non-departmental public bodies

National Army Museum National Museum of the Royal Navy Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
Muse

.