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Fiat
Fiat
Automobiles S.p.A. (English: /ˈfiːɑːt/; originally FIAT, Italian: Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino, lit. 'Italian Automobiles Factory, Turin') is the largest automobile manufacturer in Italy, a subsidiary of FCA Italy S.p.A., which is part of Fiat Chrysler
Chrysler
Automobiles. Fiat
Fiat
Automobiles S.p.A. was formed in January 2007 when Fiat
Fiat
reorganized its automobile business,[2] and traces its history back to 1899 when the first Fiat
Fiat
automobile, the Fiat
Fiat
4 HP, was produced. During its more than century-long history Fiat
Fiat
remained the largest automobile manufacturer in Europe and the third in the world after General Motors
General Motors
and Ford for over twenty years, until the car industry crisis in the late 1980s.[3] Fiat
Fiat
has also manufactured railway engines, military vehicles, farm tractors, aircraft, and weapons such as the Fiat–Revelli Modello 1914. Fiat
Fiat
Automobiles has received many international awards for its vehicles, including nine European Car of the Year awards, the most of any other manufacturer, and it ranked many times as the lowest level of CO2 emissions by vehicles sold in Europe.[4]

Contents

1 History 2 Presence

2.1 Europe 2.2 South America 2.3 United States 2.4 Africa 2.5 Asia

3 Current production

3.1 Western countries markets 3.2 Emerging markets (production in Europe) 3.3 Emerging markets (production in South America)

4 European Cars of the Year

4.1 CO2 emissions

5 Electric vehicles 6 Concept vehicles 7 Motorsport 8 Marketing

8.1 Logo 8.2 Motor Village and flagship stores 8.3 BSM- Fiat
Fiat
deal

9 References 10 External links

History[edit] Main articles: Fiat S.p.A.
Fiat S.p.A.
and Fiat
Fiat
Chrysler
Chrysler
Automobiles

The founders of Fiat: 1. Luigi Damevino, 2. Cesare Goria Gatti, 3. Roberto Biscaretti di Ruffia, 4. Carlo Racca, 5. Emanuele Cacherano di Bricherasio, 6. Michele Ceriana Mayneri, 7. Giovanni Agnelli, 8. Lodovico Scarfiotti, 9. Alfonso Ferrero

On 11 July 1899, Giovanni Agnelli
Giovanni Agnelli
was part of the group of founding members of FIAT, Fabbrica Italiana di Automobili Torino. The first Fiat
Fiat
plant opened in 1900[5] with 35 staff making 24 cars. Known from the beginning for the talent and creativity of its engineering staff, by 1903 Fiat
Fiat
made a small profit and produced 135 cars; this grew to 1,149 cars by 1906. The company then went public selling shares via the Milan stock exchange.

Fiat
Fiat
4 HP, the first model of car produced by Fiat

Agnelli led the company until his death in 1945, while Vittorio Valletta administered the firm's daily activities. Its first car the 3 ½ CV (of which only 24 copies were built, all bodied by Alessio of Turin)[6] strongly resembled contemporary Benz,[7] and had a 697 cc (42.5 cu in) boxer twin engine.[7] In 1903, Fiat produced its first truck.[8] In 1908, the first Fiat
Fiat
was exported to the US.[8] That same year, the first Fiat
Fiat
aircraft engine was produced. Also around the same time, Fiat
Fiat
taxis became popular in Europe.[9] By 1910, Fiat
Fiat
was the largest automotive company in Italy. That same year, a new plant was built in Poughkeepsie, NY, by the newly founded American F.I.A.T. Automobile Company.[10][11] Owning a Fiat
Fiat
at that time was a sign of distinction. The cost of a Fiat
Fiat
in the US was initially $4,000[12] and rose up to $6,400 in 1918,[13] compared to $825 for a Ford Model T
Ford Model T
in 1908,[14] and $525 in 1918, respectively.[15] During World War I, Fiat
Fiat
had to devote all of its factories to supplying the Allies with aircraft, engines, machine guns, trucks, and ambulances. Upon the entry of the US into the war in 1917, the factory was shut down as US regulations became too burdensome. After the war, Fiat
Fiat
introduced its first tractor, the 702.[16] By the early 1920s, Fiat
Fiat
had a market share in Italy
Italy
of 80%.[17]

Front of the Lingotto

In 1921, workers seized Fiat's plants and hoisted the red flag of communism over them. Agnelli responded by quitting the company. However, the Italian Socialist Party
Italian Socialist Party
and its ally organization, the Italian General Confederation of Labour, in an effort to effect a compromise with the centrist parties ordered the occupation ended. In 1922, Fiat
Fiat
began to build the famous Lingotto
Lingotto
car factory—then the largest in Europe—which opened in 1923. It was the first Fiat factory to use assembly lines; by 1925, Fiat
Fiat
controlled 87% of the Italian car market.[18] In 1928, with the 509, Fiat
Fiat
included insurance in the purchase price.[19] Fiat
Fiat
made military machinery and vehicles during World War II
World War II
for the Army and Regia Aeronautica
Regia Aeronautica
and later for the Germans. Fiat
Fiat
made obsolete fighter aircraft like the biplane CR.42, which was one of the most common Italian aircraft, along with Savoia-Marchettis, as well as light tanks (obsolete compared to their German and Soviet counterparts) and armoured vehicles. The best Fiat
Fiat
aircraft was the G.55 fighter, which arrived too late and in too limited numbers. In 1945, the year Benito Mussolini
Benito Mussolini
was overthrown, the National Liberation Committee removed the Agnelli family from leadership roles in Fiat
Fiat
because of its ties to Mussolini's government. These were not returned until 1963, when Giovanni's grandson, Gianni, took over as general manager until 1966, as chairman until 1996. In 1970, Fiat
Fiat
employed more than 100,000 in Italy
Italy
when its production reached the highest number, 1.4 million cars, in that country.[20] As of 2002, Fiat
Fiat
built more than 1 million vehicles at six plants in Italy
Italy
and the country accounted for more than a third of the company's revenue.[20] On 29 January 2014, it was announced that Fiat S.p.A.
Fiat S.p.A.
(the former owner of Fiat
Fiat
Group) was to be merged into a new Netherlands-based holding company Fiat Chrysler Automobiles
Fiat Chrysler Automobiles
NV (FCA), took place before the end of 2014. Fiat Chrysler Automobiles
Fiat Chrysler Automobiles
became the new owner of Fiat
Fiat
Group.[21] On 1 August 2014, Fiat S.p.A.
Fiat S.p.A.
received necessary shareholder approval to proceed with the merger,[22] which became effective 12 October 2014.[23][24] Presence[edit] See also: List of Fiat
Fiat
passenger cars

Global locations of Fiat
Fiat
automobiles dealer, 2012

Europe[edit] Fiat's main market is Europe, mainly focused in Italy. Historically successful in citycars and supermini sector, currently Fiat
Fiat
has a range of models focused on those two segments (in 2011, those accounted for the 84% of its sales). Fiat
Fiat
does not currently offer any large family car, nor an executive car - these market segments have, to some extent been covered by the Lancia
Lancia
and Alfa Romeo
Alfa Romeo
brands, which Fiat
Fiat
also owns. Fiat's share of the European market shrank from 9.4 per cent in 2000 to 5.8 per cent in the summer of 2004. At this point Sergio Marchionne was appointed as Fiat's chief executive. By March 2009 their market share had expanded to 9.1 per cent.[25] Fiat
Fiat
built their five-story Lingotto
Lingotto
plant in 1915 through 1918, at the time it was Europe's largest car manufacturing plant.[26] Later the Mirafiori plant was built, also in Turin. To prepare for production of the all-new Fiat
Fiat
128, Fiat
Fiat
opened their Rivalta plant in October 1968. Until the 128 entered production, the plant was used to build sports versions of the 850 and 124 as well as parts for the Fiat Dino.[27]

Fiat
Fiat
Punto

Fiat
Fiat
Panda

Fiat's 2017 range of passenger car engines comprised eleven units, eight petrols and three diesels.[28] Their current range of models is the following:

City car: Fiat
Fiat
500, Fiat
Fiat
Panda Supermini: Fiat
Fiat
Punto Compact car: Fiat
Fiat
Tipo Mini
Mini
MPV: Fiat
Fiat
500L Mini
Mini
SUV: Fiat
Fiat
500X Roadster: Fiat 124
Fiat 124
Spider

Fiat
Fiat
sales in 2011 were up to 676,704 (less 17.3% versus the previous year):[29]

Model 2011 sales

Fiat
Fiat
Punto 220,343

Fiat
Fiat
Panda 189,527

Fiat
Fiat
500 156,301

Fiat
Fiat
Linea 35,499

Fiat
Fiat
Bravo 31,673

Fiat
Fiat
Sedici 14,777

Fiat
Fiat
Freemont 13,651

Fiat
Fiat
Albea 8,951

Fiat
Fiat
Idea 5,982

Light commercial vehicles are sold in Europe under the brand Fiat Professional. Fiat
Fiat
was importing cars to the UK market by the outbreak of World War II in 1939 (with the two countries on opposite sides), but its market share increased rapidly during the 1970s, with the 127 supermini and 128 range of small family cars being the biggest sellers, selling largely on practicality and efficiency. Its market share increased further during the 1980s with the Fiat
Fiat
Uno (imported to the UK from June 1983) being the company's best seller in the UK, and its share fell sharply in the early 1990s before the arrival of the Punto in March 1994 rejuvenated the company's UK fortunes. The second generation Punto was a strong seller in the UK after its October 1999 launch, but the new modern day Fiat 500
Fiat 500
(launched there in January 2008) has accounted for most of the company's UK sales in more recent years. The original Fiat 500
Fiat 500
had been one of the few direct competitors for the iconic Mini
Mini
during its 1960s heyday.[30] South America[edit]

Fiat
Fiat
Uno, specifically developed for Brazilian market

Fiat
Fiat
has invested for a long time in South America, mainly in Brazil (where has been the market leader for many years) and in Argentina. They built their first Brazilian car plant in the Greater Belo Horizonte city of Betim
Betim
in 1973, after having begun by building tractors there.[31] The Brazilian range is similar to European one, with the addition of a special family which derives from a common platform (called "Project 178"): Palio Weekend, Palio Adventure, Strada. Recently a range of new models developed in Brazil
Brazil
has been launched: Uno, Palio, Grand Siena, Fiorino. Other European models are currently imported to Brazil: Fiat
Fiat
500. Fiat
Fiat
sells in Brazil
Brazil
under the Fiat
Fiat
brand, European Fiat
Fiat
Professional light commercial vehicles as:

Strada (developed in Brazil, has the same platform as the Palio from "Project 178") Previous versions of European Doblò, Doblò Cargo.

United States[edit]

Fiat
Fiat
re-entered the North American market in 2011 with the new Fiat 500

Fiat
Fiat
has a long history in the United States. In 1908, the Fiat Automobile Co. was established in the country and a plant in Poughkeepsie, N.Y.,[32][33] began producing Fiats a year later, like the Fiat
Fiat
60 HP and the Fiat
Fiat
16-20 HP.[34] These luxury cars were produced long before Chrysler
Chrysler
Corp. was formed in 1925 from older manufacturers that were acquired by Walter P. Chrysler, the founder.[35] The New Jersey factory was closed when the U.S. entered World War I
World War I
in 1917. Fiat
Fiat
returned to North America in the 1950s, selling the original 500, Fiat
Fiat
600 Multipla, Fiat
Fiat
1100, Fiat
Fiat
1200, and the Fiat
Fiat
1300.[36] The company name Fiat
Fiat
was sometimes used as a jocular backronym for 'Fix it again Tony', referring to poor reliability and problems, such as rust, which some Fiat
Fiat
models suffered in the 1970s and 1980s. Models produced in those years include the Fiat 124
Fiat 124
Sport Spider and the Fiat X1/9.[37][38][39] Partly as a result, Fiat
Fiat
sales in the US fell from a high of 100,511 cars in 1975 to 14,113 in 1982.[38] In 1983, Fiat
Fiat
left the United States car market with a reputation for poor quality cars in North America.[40][40][41] In January 2009, the Fiat
Fiat
Group acquired a 20% stake in US automaker Chrysler
Chrysler
LLC.[42] The deal saw the return of the Fiat
Fiat
brand to North America after a 25-year absence. The first Fiat-branded model to appear in the US was the internationally popular Fiat 500
Fiat 500
city car. The Fiat 500
Fiat 500
model is built at Chrysler's assembly plant in Toluca, Mexico, which currently makes also the Dodge Journey
Dodge Journey
and Fiat
Fiat
Freemont crossovers.[43] Fiat
Fiat
is also selling their commercial vehicles Fiat Ducato and Fiat
Fiat
Doblò in North America, rebranded as Ram ProMaster and Ram ProMaster City respectively. Africa[edit] Fiat
Fiat
passenger cars began assembly in South Africa in 1950, and full production in their Rosslyn plant commenced in 1966.[44] Sales reached a peak market share of about five percent around 1970 but then dropped precipitously. A new 128-based half-ton pickup truck helped turn the situation around.[45] It also assembled in Egypt through El-Nasr Automotive Manufacturing Company which assembled FIAT brands 125-127-128 Asia[edit] Fiat's presence in Chinese market is limited compared to its European, Japanese, Korean and American rivals. At the beginning of 2012, Fiat was only importing Fiat Bravo
Fiat Bravo
and Fiat 500
Fiat 500
model. However, in 2012 Fiat
Fiat
and GAC opened a Joint Venture plant to produce the first Fiat vehicle specifically developed for Chinese market ever: the Fiat Viaggio, a compact car derived by another model of Fiat
Fiat
SpA group, the Dodge
Dodge
Dart (in turn derived by another Fiat
Fiat
Group car, the Alfa Romeo Giulietta). Fiat
Fiat
currently offers to Japanese consumers the 500 in both coupe and convertible bodystyles, and the Panda. Both vehicles are in compliance with Japanese Government dimension regulations affording the Japanese public to purchase a non-Japanese vehicle without having to pay an annual tax for driving a car that exceeds the regulations. Fiat
Fiat
is also present in the Indian market since 1948. Current presence is in Joint Venture with Tata Motors, although current car sales (Fiat is currently offering the Fiat Punto
Fiat Punto
and Fiat
Fiat
Linea) are niche market and limited (approx. 20k units in 2011). Current production[edit] Western countries markets[edit]

Fiat
Fiat
500L

Fiat
Fiat
Freemont

A-segment
A-segment
- Fiat
Fiat
500

The Fiat 500
Fiat 500
(Italian: cinquecento, Italian pronunciation: [ˌtʃiŋkweˈtʃɛnto]) is a car produced by the Fiat
Fiat
company of Italy
Italy
between 1957 and 1975, with limited production of the Fiat 500
Fiat 500
K estate continuing until 1977. The car was designed by Dante Giacosa. Redesigned in 2007, it is currently distributed worldwide.

A-segment
A-segment
- Fiat
Fiat
Panda

The Fiat Panda
Fiat Panda
is a city car from the Italian automotive manufacturer Fiat. Current version is the third one distributed as from 2012.

B-segment
B-segment
- Fiat
Fiat
Punto

The third generation Fiat
Fiat
supermini to bear the name Punto, codenamed Project 199, the Grande Punto was unveiled at the 2005 Frankfurt Motor Show and went on sale later that year. Styled by Giugiaro, the car is based on the Fiat/GM SCCS platform. Whilst the model shares some of its name with the previous Punto, a large number of its components are new, including a new chassis and body shell. After facelift in 2009 it was named as Punto Evo and sold as bare Punto name.

C-segment
C-segment
- Fiat
Fiat
Tipo M-segment
M-segment
- Fiat
Fiat
500L

The Fiat 500L
Fiat 500L
enlarges, as from September 2012, the Fiat 500
Fiat 500
family with a Mini MPV
Mini MPV
which replace the Fiat
Fiat
Idea. The model is produced in the new Fiat
Fiat
plant in Serbia. The platform is the same of the Fiat Punto.[46] Emerging markets (production in Europe)[edit]

C-segment
C-segment
- Fiat
Fiat
Aegea

Emerging markets (production in South America)[edit]

Fiat
Fiat
Argo (Project X6H)

Main article: Fiat
Fiat
Argo Argo is the car that is going to replace Fiat
Fiat
Palio and Punto for the Brazilian Market produced in Betim
Betim
- MG Brazil

Fiat
Fiat
New Sedan (Project X6S)

The new sedan is going to be produced in Argentina
Argentina
in Cordoba and is going to be in the place of Siena and Grand Siena.

Fiat
Fiat
New pickup (Project X6P)

The new pickup will took place of Strada, but the project is on hold.

Palio Weekend

Fiat
Fiat
Palio

Main article: Fiat
Fiat
Palio The Fiat
Fiat
Palio is a supermini designed by Fiat
Fiat
as a world car, aimed at developing countries. The Palio Weekend is a small family car station wagon; an extended version of the hatchback Palio.

Fiat
Fiat
Grand Siena

Grand Siena

Main article: Fiat
Fiat
Siena The Fiat
Fiat
Grand Siena is the four-door sedan version of the second generation of the Fiat
Fiat
Palio, a small family car especially designed for developing countries. European Cars of the Year[edit] The European Car of the Year award has been awarded twelve times to the Fiat
Fiat
Group over the last forty years, more than any other manufacturer. Nine of these awards were won by Fiat
Fiat
Automobiles models. Fiat
Fiat
models awarded the title:

1967: Fiat
Fiat
124 1970: Fiat
Fiat
128 1972: Fiat
Fiat
127 1984: Fiat
Fiat
Uno 1989: Fiat
Fiat
Tipo 1995: Fiat
Fiat
Punto 1996: Fiat
Fiat
Bravo/Brava 2004: Fiat
Fiat
Panda 2008: Fiat
Fiat
500[47]

CO2 emissions[edit] Fiat
Fiat
Automobiles, one of Europe's 10 best-selling automotive brands, has for the second year running been confirmed as having the lowest average value for CO2 emissions from vehicles sold in 2008: 133.7 g/km (137.3 g/km in 2007). This was corroborated by JATO, a provider of automotive data.[48] Electric vehicles[edit] Fiat
Fiat
started development of electric vehicles back in the mid 1970s, with the concept Fiat
Fiat
X1/23. More recently in 2008, Fiat
Fiat
showed the Phylla concept,[49] and the Fiat
Fiat
Bugster concept in Brazil.[50] Fiat
Fiat
joined utility companies Cemig
Cemig
and Itaipu to develop new electric vehicles for Brazil, with production in 2009 of the Palio Weekend Electric.[51] Fiat
Fiat
launched the electric 500e in California in 2013, but no sales were planned for Europe.[52] Fiat
Fiat
CEO Sergio Marchionne
Sergio Marchionne
claimed in 2014 that each one was sold at a loss of $14,000.[53] Concept vehicles[edit]

1951 Fiat
Fiat
Biposto (Abarth, Bertone) 1954 Fiat
Fiat
Turbina[54] 1956 Fiat
Fiat
600 Multipla Eden Roc 1957 Fiat
Fiat
1200 Stanguellini Spider 1961 Fiat
Fiat
600 Model Y Berlinetta 1964 Fiat
Fiat
2300 S Coupe Speciale 1967 Fiat
Fiat
125 Executive Concept 1967 Fiat
Fiat
125 GTZ 1967 Fiat Dino
Fiat Dino
Parigi 1968 Fiat
Fiat
Abarth
Abarth
2000[55] 1969 Fiat 128
Fiat 128
Coupe 1969 Fiat 128
Fiat 128
Teenager 1972 Fiat 128
Fiat 128
Pulsar Michelotti 1972 Fiat
Fiat
ESV 1500 1972 Fiat
Fiat
X1/23 1974 Fiat
Fiat
127 Village 1975 Fiat
Fiat
Abarth
Abarth
131 1976 Fiat
Fiat
126 Cavaletta 1980 Fiat Panda
Fiat Panda
4×4 Strip (153) 1992 Fiat
Fiat
Grigua (170) 1992 Fiat
Fiat
Cinquecento Cita (170)

1993 Fiat
Fiat
Downtown 1993 Fiat
Fiat
Lucciola Concept (170) 1993 Fiat
Fiat
ZIC 1994 Fiat Punto
Fiat Punto
Racer (176) 1994 Fiat
Fiat
Firepoin[56] 1996 Fiat Bravo
Fiat Bravo
Enduro Concept (182) 1996 Fiat
Fiat
Formula 4 1996 Fiat
Fiat
Vuscia Concept 1996 Fiat
Fiat
Barchetta Coupe Concept by Maggiora 2004 Fiat
Fiat
Trepiùno 2005 Fiat
Fiat
Oltre 2006 Fiat
Fiat
FCC 2006 Fiat
Fiat
Suagna Bertone 2007 Fiat
Fiat
Barchetta Bertone 2008 Fiat
Fiat
Phylla 2010 Fiat
Fiat
FCC 3 Mio 2012 Fiat
Fiat
FCC 2 2014 Fiat
Fiat
FCC 4

Motorsport[edit] In 1971 the Fiat 124
Fiat 124
Sport Spider was prepared for the World Rally Championship when Abarth
Abarth
became involved with its production and development and from 1972 had relative success with two wins in 1972, one in 1973 and won 1st, 2nd and 3rd in the 1974 Portuguese TAP Rally.[57] The Fiat
Fiat
131 Abarth
Abarth
was a very successful rally car replacing the 124. Between 1976 and 1981 the Fiat
Fiat
131 won 18 World Rally Championship events,[58] and winning the WRC three times: in 1977, 1978, and in 1980.[59] Lancia
Lancia
took over the role of motorsport for the Fiat
Fiat
Group during the 1980s. After a long break of factory-supported entries, in 2003 a Fiat Punto S1600 won the Italian Rally Championship, and 2006 the Fiat Grande Punto S2000 won the FIA European Rally Championship,[60] followed by three successive wins in 2009, 2010 and 2011. Marketing[edit] Logo[edit]

Fiat
Fiat
logo used from 1968 to 1999

The FIAT initials were first used in the distinctive logo form 1901.[61] Beginning in 1931, the company began using a single red shield without a wreath. In 1968 the "rhomboid" logo (as it was known internally) was introduced which featured the FIAT initials spelled out on four interconnected rhombuses. The rhomboid was slowly phased in during the early 1970s, although the older "laurel wreath" style FIAT badge was used to denote sporting models such as the 124 Spider, 127 Sport, X1/9 and the tuned Abarth
Abarth
models. A new corporate nose based on the rhomboid logo was first introduced in 1983 on the Uno, which consisted of five chrome bars inclined at an angle of 18 degrees to mirror the rhomboid, which usually appeared in reduced size at the corner of the grille. In 1999 the wreath style logo was re-introduced to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the company. Motor Village and flagship stores[edit] Fiat
Fiat
launched its Motor Village flagship store concept in 2006, with its Mirafiori Motor Village in Turin, followed by London's on Wigmore Street in 2008[62] and Paris's on the Champs-Élysées
Champs-Élysées
in 2010.[63] BSM- Fiat
Fiat
deal[edit] In 2009, BSM (the British School of Motoring) ended a 16-year relationship with Vauxhall Motors
Vauxhall Motors
and signed a deal with Fiat
Fiat
UK to swap its learner vehicle from the Vauxhall Corsa to the new Fiat
Fiat
500. Fiat
Fiat
UK will supply 14,000 cars to BSM over four years in a marketing deal.[64] References[edit]

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Fiat
SpA reorganizes auto business, changes name to Fiat
Fiat
Group Automobiles". AP Worldstream. Retrieved 22 September 2009.  ^ Castronovo, Valerio (2008). Il Piemonte nel processo di integrazione europea. Milan: Giuffrè Editore. p. 214. ISBN 88-14-14385-4.  ^ " Fiat
Fiat
brand recirds the lowest CO2 emissions in Europe for the fifth year running". Fiat.co.uk. 8 March 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2012.  ^ Scottsdale, FIAT of. "A Brief History of Fiat
Fiat
and Its Century of Automaking". www.fiatusaofscottsdale.com. Retrieved 2017-12-12.  ^ "Chi Siamo (italian)". fiat.it. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 1 March 2013.  ^ a b Georgano, p. 24 cap. ^ a b Jennings, Bob. " Fiat
Fiat
centenary something to crow over". drive.com.au. Retrieved 9 March 2008.  ^ "Fiat, a joint-stock company that soon become famous". allaboutitaly.com. Archived from the original on 24 December 2008. Retrieved 25 January 2008.  ^ "1913 Fiat
Fiat
Type 56". hemmings.com. Retrieved 1 March 2013.  ^ "Inside the Poughkeepsie Fiat
Fiat
factory". hemmings.com. Retrieved 18 May 2013.  ^ Kimes, Beverly Rae; Clark, Henry Austin, Jr., eds. (1985). The Standard Catalogue of American Cars 1805–1942 (2nd ed.). Krause Publications. p. 38. ISBN 978-0-87341-111-0.  ^ Kimes/Clark (1985), p. 39 ^ Kimes/Clark (1985), p. 551 ^ Kimes/Clark (1985), p. 556 ^ "Case New Holland, Family history". themanufacturer.com. Archived from the original on 20 February 2009. Retrieved 12 March 2008.  ^ " Fiat
Fiat
SpA". britannica. Retrieved 24 October 2012.  ^ Georgano, p.151 ^ Georgano, p.8 ^ a b Tommaso Ebhardt and David Rocks (30 January 2014). "Maserati Boom Signals Fiat
Fiat
'Arrivederci' to Italian Past". Bloomberg.  ^ " Fiat S.p.A.
Fiat S.p.A.
approves merger plan for the formation of Fiat
Fiat
Chrysler Automobiles" (PDF) (Press release). Fiat S.p.A.
Fiat S.p.A.
15 June 2014. Retrieved 26 February 2015.  ^ Snavely, Brent (4 August 2014). "Merger opens new chapter for Fiat Chrysler
Chrysler
Automobiles". USAToday. Retrieved 26 February 2015.  ^ Wayland, Michael (7 October 2014). " Fiat Chrysler Automobiles
Fiat Chrysler Automobiles
merger to become official Sunday". The Detroit News. Retrieved 26 February 2015.  ^ " Fiat
Fiat
says merger into Dutch-registered FCA effective October 12". Reuters. 7 October 2014. Retrieved 26 February 2015.  ^ "Fix it again, Sergio — and then fix the rest of 'em". The Irish Times. 6 May 2009. Retrieved 25 September 2009.  ^ Eyewitness Travel: Italy. DK. 2005. pp. 26–27. ISBN 1-4053-0781-1.  ^ Becker, Clauspeter (1971), Logoz, Arthur, ed., " Fiat
Fiat
128", Auto-Universum 1971 (in German), Zürich, Switzerland: Verlag Internationale Automobil-Parade AG, XIV: 88  ^ "Theme: Engines – a survey of Fiat´s 2004 and 2014 ranges". Driven To Write. 19 August 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2016.  ^ "New Vehicle Registrations: Provisional Figures (ACEA Press Releases)". ACEA. 15 January 2012. Archived from the original on 25 August 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2012.  ^ [1] ^ "Fiat: Italy's industrial giant". CAR (South Africa). Ramsay, Son & Parker (Pty) ltd. p. 65.  ^ "American built Fiats". American-automobiles.com. Retrieved 22 June 2016.  ^ Location of Fiat
Fiat
Poughkeepsie factory Archived 18 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine. ^ American built Fiats ^ "Anyone less than 30 years old probably never has seen -- or at least doesn't remember seeing -- a Fiat
Fiat
automobile in the flesh". bankrate.com. Retrieved 22 September 2009.  ^ http://vintage-original-ads.com/Pictures/albums/uploads/1958-Fiat-Captured-America-Hoffman-ad.jpg ^ Nelson D Schwartz (25 April 2009). "Would Detroit Sound Any Better in Italian?". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 December 2009.  ^ a b " Fiat
Fiat
Finito". Time. 31 January 1983. Retrieved 21 September 2009.  ^ Krisher, Tom (31 January 1983). "Problems of old Chrysler
Chrysler
linger at 'new' Chrysler, US". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 22 September 2009.  ^ a b Szczesny, Joseph R. (1 May 2009). "Can Americans Learn to Love Fiat? Chrysler
Chrysler
Hopes So". Time. Retrieved 19 September 2009.  ^ Lo Vecchio, Roberto (27 August 2009). "Fiat- Chrysler
Chrysler
I PRIMI CENTO GIORNI DI MARCHIONNE". Quattroruote. Archived from the original on 31 August 2009. Retrieved 22 September 2009.  ^ "Mergers: Commission approves acquisition of Chrysler
Chrysler
by Fiat". europa.eu. Retrieved 11 June 2010.  ^ "Toluca started Fiat
Fiat
500s, 2011 Journeys". www.allpar.com. Retrieved 1 January 2011.  ^ Wilkins, p. 66 ^ Wilkins, p. 67 ^ "Architecture - Fiat
Fiat
500L, design "cab forward"". Retrieved 7 February 2012.  ^ English, Andrew (19 November 2007). "Fiat's Cinquecento voted car of the year". telegraph.co.uk. London. Retrieved 15 August 2010.  ^ " Fiat
Fiat
keeps the low-CO2 crown for second year in a row". Autoblog/FiatAutoPress release. 3 March 2009. Retrieved 5 December 2009.  ^ "Fiat's electric Topolino Auto Express News News". Auto Express. 4 June 2008. Retrieved 27 April 2009.  ^ " Fiat
Fiat
Bugster A Plug-In Electric Car
Car
Other Motorsports". Auto Racing Daily. 16 November 2008. Archived from the original on 22 February 2009. Retrieved 27 April 2009.  ^ "Meet the First Electric Car
Car
Produced in South America: Brazil's Fiat
Fiat
Palio Weekend". Treehugger. 14 July 2009. Retrieved 29 August 2014.  ^ " Fiat
Fiat
500e most efficient electric car in the USA". Autocar. Archived from the original on 30 October 2014. Retrieved 29 August 2014.  ^ " Sergio Marchionne
Sergio Marchionne
asks customers not to buy Fiat
Fiat
500e". Auto Express. 22 May 2014. Retrieved 29 August 2014.  ^ " Fiat
Fiat
Turbina".  ^ " Fiat
Fiat
Abarth
Abarth
2000".  ^ " Fiat
Fiat
Firepoin (1994)".  ^ Giacosa, John Tipler ; foreword by Dante (1993). Fiat
Fiat
& Abarth
Abarth
124 Spider & coupé. Godmanstone, England: Veloce Pub. Plc. ISBN 1-874105-09-X.  ^ " Fiat
Fiat
Manufacturer Profile & Rally History". rallye-info.com. Retrieved 16 July 2011.  ^ "Walter Röhrl". rallybase.nl. Retrieved 3 July 2007.  ^ " Fiat
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Wins European Rally Championship". Fiat
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UK. Archived from the original on 11 June 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2012.  ^ " Fiat
Fiat
Logo
Logo
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opens new flagship store in West London". Motortorque. 12 March 2008. Archived from the original on 22 March 2009. Retrieved 12 December 2009.  ^ "Fiats join Jeeps in Paris for first time in Fiat-owned store". Automotive Europe. 8 July 2010. Retrieved 24 July 2012.  ^ Mortished, Carl (28 July 2009). "Cheeky Italian Fiat
Fiat
takes British out of BSM as Vauxhall is dumped". The Times. London. Retrieved 5 December 2009. 

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Design, engineering, and coachbuilding

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Cars

Mobi Panda 500 Uno Argo Grand Siena Punto Linea Tipo/Egea 124 Spider

Crossovers/SUVs

500X Panda 4x4/Cross

Minivans

500L 500L Living

Vans

Doblò Ducato Fiorino Qubo Talento

Pickup trucks

Doblò Work Up/Pratico Ducato Flatbed Strada Toro Fullback

Historic models List of Fiats

1980–2014

Panda Panorama Argenta Uno Oggi Regata Croma Duna/Prêmio Tipo Tempra Cinquecento Coupé Punto Ulysse Barchetta Bravo Bravo/Brava Marea Palio Siena Multipla Seicento Stilo Albea Idea Panda II Croma II Sedici

1950–1979

1400 Campagnola 8V 1900 1100/103 600 Fiat
Fiat
1200 500 1200/1500/1600 Cabriolet 1800 2100 1300 1500 2300 850 124

124 Sport Coupé 124 Sport Spider

Dino 125 128 130 127 126 132 X1/9 131 133 147 Ritmo/Strada

1920–1949

510 520 "Superfiat" 502 519 509 503 507 512 520 521 525 514 515 522 524 508 Balilla 518 Ardita 527 1500 500 "Topolino" 508 C 2800 1100

1899–1919

4 HP 6 HP 8 HP 10 HP 12 HP 16-20 HP 24-32 HP 60 HP Brevetti 1 Zero 2B 70 501 505

LCVs

1100 T 238 241 242 900T Daily Fiorino Marengo

Concept models

Downtown Oltre Phylla Trepiùno Turbina X1/23

Racing cars

130 HP 28-40 HP Mephistofeles S74 S76 Record

Armored vehicles

2000 L6/40 L3/35 3000 M11/39 M13/40 M14/41

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Fiat Professional
S.p.A. website Two subsidiaries of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles
Fiat Chrysler Automobiles
Italy

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car timeline (Europe), 1980s–present

Type 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

City car 126 Cinquecento Seicento / 600

500

Panda I Panda II Panda III

Supermini Hatchback 127

Punto I Punto II

Uno Palio

Grande Punto Punto Evo Punto

Sedan

Duna

Siena Albea

Compact car Hatchback Ritmo Tipo Bravo I / Brava Stilo Bravo II Tipo

Sedan 128

131 Regata Tempra Marea

Linea Tipo

Mid-size car/Station wagon 132 Argenta Croma I

Croma II

Cabriolet

Ritmo Cabrio

Punto Cabrio

500C

Coupé

Coupé

Spider

Spidereuropa

Barchetta

Barchetta

124 Spider

Sports car X1/9

LAV Fiorino I Fiorino II

Fiorino III / Qubo

Doblò I Doblò II

Mini
Mini
CUV

Sedici 500X

Mini
Mini
MPV

Idea 500L

Compact MPV

Multipla

Large MPV

Ulysse I Ulysse II Freemont

LCV Daily

Scudo I Scudo II Talento

Ducato I Ducato II Ducato III

Mini
Mini
pickup

Strada

Pickup

Fullback

Off-road Campagnola (1107)

Legend

     Manufactured by Pininfarina
Pininfarina
from 1983      Manufactured by Bertone from 1982

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Fiat
Fiat
car timeline (South America), 1980s–present

Type 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Economy car Hatch 147 / Spazio

Mille

Mobi

Uno Palio I Palio II Argo

Uno II

Sedan

Oggi Prêmio/Duna Siena Grand Siena Cronos

Subcompact

Punto

Compact Hatch

Tipo Brava Stilo Bravo

Sedan

Tempra / Tempra SW Marea / Marea Weekend Linea

Coupé

Coupé

LCV/LAV Fiorino I Fiorino II Fiorino III

Doblò

Ducato

Mini
Mini
MPV

Idea

Pickup City Fiorino Pick-up Strada

Toro

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Chrysler
Chrysler
Automobiles

Marques

Current

Abarth Alfa Romeo Chrysler Dodge FIAT Fiat
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Professional Jeep Lancia Maserati Ram

Defunct

AMC Autobianchi Barreiros Ceirano Commer DeSoto Eagle Fargo Hillman Humber Imperial Innocenti Karrier Pegaso Plymouth SCAT Seddon Atkinson Singer Simca S.P.A. (Società Piemontese Automobili) SRT Sunbeam Valiant Zastava Automobiles

Subsidiaries

FCA Italy

Subsidiaries

Abarth
Abarth
& C. Alfa Romeo
Alfa Romeo
Automobiles Fiat
Fiat
Automobiles Fiat
Fiat
Professional Lancia
Lancia
Automobiles

FCA Argentina FCA Auto Poland FCA Brasil

Current JV

FCA Srbija
FCA Srbija
(67%) FCA India Automobiles (50%) GAC FCA (50%) Sevel
Sevel
(50%) Tofaş
Tofaş
(37.8%)

Defunct JV

Nanjing Fiat
Fiat
Automobile

FCA US

see own template for a list of marques, divisions and joint ventures

Comau Fiat
Fiat
Powertrain Technologies (VM Motori) Italiana Editrice (77%)

La Stampa Il Secolo XIX

Magneti Marelli Maserati Teksid (84.8%)

Facilities

List of assembly sites Lingotto
Lingotto
(former) Nardò Ring
Nardò Ring
(former)

People

Giovanni Agnelli Gianni Agnelli Andrea Agnelli John Elkann Sergio Marchionne

Related

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S.p.A. CNH Industrial

Iveco

EXOR Fiat
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Industrial Ferrari

.