Bhadravarman or Phạm Hồ Đạt (, Sanskrit
''Bhadravarman'', literally "Blessed armour" but also meaning the ''Jasminum sambac
'' flower), was the king of Champa
from 380 to 413. In 380, Bhadravarman, the son or grandson of Fan Fo,
[Higham, C., 2014, Early Mainland Southeast Asia, Bangkok: River Books Co., Ltd., ]
took the throne with the regal name Dharmamahārāja Śrī Bhadravarman I, "Great King of the Law Bhadravarman".
[Maspero, G., 2002, The Champa Kingdom, Bangkok: White Lotus Co., Ltd., ]
He is the first Champa king to have ''varman'' suffixed to his name. The use of the honorific title ''varman'', very common amongst the Pallava dynasty
kings, was borrowed by the kings of Cambodia. Also the same year, the King moved the capital to Indrapura
in Quảng Nam Province
. He built temples and palaces, all facing north, at Mỹ Sơn
and Trà Kiệu
Significantly, Bhadravarman was a renowned scholar, well-versed in all four Vedas
and the author of several inscriptions in Sanskrit. He invited learned Brahmins from India to settle in his kingdom.
In 399, Bhadravarman went on a military campaign up north and succeeded in capturing the Vietnam
ese provinces of Rinan
( vi|Cửu Chân). He continued on his temple-building campaign as well, building Cham towers along the coast up north. From 405 to 413, he continuously battled the Chinese governor Do Tue
. However, at their last confrontation, Bhadravarman disappeared without a trace after he was defeated by the governor.
Two of his sons, Chen Chen and Na Neng were killed in 413, while another son, Ti Kai, fled with his mother. Bhadravarman's son, Ti Chen, Gangaraja, abdicated the throne and left for India. The kingdom then transitioned into civil war.
Category:4th-century monarchs in Asia
Category:5th-century monarchs in Asia
Category:5th-century Vietnamese people
Category:4th-century Vietnamese people