FA Community Shield
   HOME

TheInfoList



The Football Association Community Shield (formerly the Charity Shield) is
English football Association football Association football, more commonly known as simply football or soccer, is a team sport played with a sphere, spherical Ball (association football), ball between two teams of 11 football player, players. It is played b ...
's annual match contested at
Wembley Stadium Wembley Stadium (branded as Wembley Stadium connected by EE for sponsorship reasons) is a football stadium in Wembley, London. It opened in 2007 on the site of the Wembley Stadium (1923), original Wembley Stadium, which was demolished from 2002 ...

Wembley Stadium
between the champions of the previous
Premier League The Premier League, often referred to as the English Premier League or the EPL (legal name: The Football Association Premier League Limited), is the top level of the English football league system The English football league system, also ...
season and the holders of the
FA Cup The Football Association Challenge Cup, more commonly known as the FA Cup, is an annual knockout A knockout (abbreviated to KO or K.O.) is a fight-ending, winning criterion in several full-contact combat sports, such as boxing, kickboxing, ...

FA Cup
. If the Premier League champions also won the FA Cup, then the league runners-up provide the opposition. The fixture is recognised as a competitive super cup by
The Football Association The Football Association (also known as The FA) is the Sports governing body, governing body of association football in England and the Crown dependencies of Jersey, Bailiwick of Guernsey, Guernsey, and the Isle of Man. Formed in 1863, it is t ...
and
UEFA The Union of European Football Associations (UEFA ; french: Union des associations européennes de football; german: Union der europäischen Fußballverbände) is the administrative body for football Football is a family of team sport ...

UEFA
. Organised by the FA, proceeds from the game are distributed to community initiatives and charities around the country. Revenue from the gate receipts and match programme sales is distributed to the 124 clubs who competed in the FA Cup from the first round onwards, for onward distribution to charities and projects of their choice, while the remainder is distributed to the FA's national charity partners. The fixture was first played in the 1908–09 season, replacing the
Sheriff of London Charity Shield The Sheriff of London Charity Shield, also known as the Dewar Shield was a football Football is a family of team sport A team is a Queens Park also took part in 1899. The professional side was either the Football League champion or FA C ...
. The current holders are
Leicester City Leicester is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. ...
, who defeated
Manchester City Manchester () is the most-populous city and metropolitan borough in North West England and Greater Manchester, England. The city has the country's List of English districts by population, fifth-largest population at 547,627 (as of 2018) and lie ...
1–0 in the 2021 match.


History

The Community Shield evolved from the
Sheriff of London Charity Shield The Sheriff of London Charity Shield, also known as the Dewar Shield was a football Football is a family of team sport A team is a Queens Park also took part in 1899. The professional side was either the Football League champion or FA C ...
that had been introduced in 1898–99 in English football, 1898 as a Professional Footballers' Association, professionals vs Amateur sports, amateurs cup (the gentlemen and players tradition). The Football Association Charity Shield, as it was known at the time, was designed to replace the Sheriff of London Charity Shield after the leading amateur clubs fell out with the FA. The new format was to have the Football League First Division champions play the Southern Football League, Southern League champions, and the first match was in 1908 FA Charity Shield, 1908 between Manchester United F.C., Manchester United (the First Division champions) and Queens Park Rangers F.C., Queens Park Rangers (the Southern League champions). The match was drawn 1–1, so the game was replayed when Manchester United won 4–0. This is the only Charity Shield game to go to a replay. Both games were played at Stamford Bridge (stadium), Stamford Bridge. The competition format varied over the years: in 1913 the Shield was contested between Amateurs and Professionals XIs, while in 1921 the Shield was contested between the Football League and FA Cup winners for the first time. The format continued to vary in the 1920s, usually along the lines of Amateurs vs Professionals, including one year (1927) where the Professionals were represented by the FA Cup holders Cardiff City F.C., Cardiff City and the Amateurs by Corinthian F.C., the Corinthians, echoing the format of the trophy's predecessor, the Sheriff of London Charity Shield. In 1930 the Football League winner ''v.'' FA Cup winner returned, and with a few exceptions, this format has remained to the present day. Notable exceptions include the 1950 FA Charity Shield, 1950 Shield, which involved the England national football team, England FIFA World Cup, World Cup team against an FA team that had toured Canada that summer, and the 1961 FA Charity Shield, 1961 Shield, when Tottenham Hotspur became the first team of the 20th century to win Double (association football), the Double, and so played a Football Association XI. The game was moved to the start of the season from 1959 onwards. The question of which two teams should contest the Shield should one team win both the FA Cup and League continued to linger. In 1971, Arsenal F.C., Arsenal became the second team to win the Double since the Shield's foundation, but owing to their previously arranged pre-season friendly matches, they could not take part.
Leicester City Leicester is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. ...
were invited as Division Two champions to play FA Cup runners-up Liverpool F.C., Liverpool instead and went on to win the trophy, despite having won neither the League (until 2016) nor the FA Cup (until 2021). In 1972, league champions Derby County F.C., Derby County and FA Cup winners Leeds United A.F.C., Leeds United both declined to take part in the Charity Shield, so
Manchester City Manchester () is the most-populous city and metropolitan borough in North West England and Greater Manchester, England. The city has the country's List of English districts by population, fifth-largest population at 547,627 (as of 2018) and lie ...
, who had finished in fourth in the First Division, and Third Division champions Aston Villa F.C., Aston Villa were invited to take part; Manchester City won 1–0. After league champions Liverpool and FA Cup winners Sunderland declined to play, despite finishing the season 11th in the league City also contested the 1973 FA Charity Shield, 1973 Charity Shield but lost 1–0 to Second Division champions Burnley. In 1974, the then the Football Association, FA secretary, Ted Croker, created the current format with the match being played at Wembley Stadium (1923), Wembley Stadium, and being contested by the reigning League and FA Cup holders. Between 1949 and 1991, the Shield was List of FA Community Shield matches#Results, shared on 11 occasions, after the matches ended in a tie. Four drawn games in the 1980s and early 1990s resulted in each team holding the trophy for six months, but in 1993 penalties were re-introduced to decide drawn games. With the formation of a new top league, the FA Premier League, the Shield became a showcase match between the Premier League and FA Cup winners from the 1993–94 in English football, 1993 competition onwards. In 2002, the Charity Commission found that the Football Association had failed to meet its legal obligations under charity law, by failing to specify what money from ticket sales went to charity, and delaying payments to the charities nominated. As a result, the competition was renamed the Community Shield. Arsenal were the first winners of the renamed Community Shield with a 1–0 victory over Liverpool. In 2016, the FA's official silversmith Thomas Lyte restored and rebuilt the Football Association's original 1908 Charity Shield to mark 50 years since England national football team, England beat West Germany in the 1966 FIFA World Cup. The trophy was sold at auction with the proceeds going to the Bobby Moore Fund for Cancer Research UK raising £40,000. The auction was held at The Royal Garden Hotel in Kensington, where the England team celebrated the 1966 victory. The Bobby Moore Fund became the FA's charity partner in July 2016.


Rules

The rules of the Community Shield are generally the same as those of the Premier League, with a team of 11 starting players and 7 substitutes. However, unlike in most other competitions where only three substitutions are permitted, teams in the Community Shield are permitted up to six substitutions. If the scores are level after 90 minutes, the teams play a penalty shootout. If a team wins both the
Premier League The Premier League, often referred to as the English Premier League or the EPL (legal name: The Football Association Premier League Limited), is the top level of the English football league system The English football league system, also ...
and the
FA Cup The Football Association Challenge Cup, more commonly known as the FA Cup, is an annual knockout A knockout (abbreviated to KO or K.O.) is a fight-ending, winning criterion in several full-contact combat sports, such as boxing, kickboxing, ...

FA Cup
, the runner-up from the Premier League will play.


Status

Serving as England's super cup between the previous season's
Premier League The Premier League, often referred to as the English Premier League or the EPL (legal name: The Football Association Premier League Limited), is the top level of the English football league system The English football league system, also ...
champions and
FA Cup The Football Association Challenge Cup, more commonly known as the FA Cup, is an annual knockout A knockout (abbreviated to KO or K.O.) is a fight-ending, winning criterion in several full-contact combat sports, such as boxing, kickboxing, ...

FA Cup
winners, the Community Shield is regarded as the "curtain-raiser" and is the first competitive game of each top-flight English football season. However, it has been treated with varying degrees of seriousness by participating teams, with some using it similarly to friendly match, friendlies in their pre-season schedule – as an opportunity to give match practice to fringe members of their squads or those returning from injury. ''BBC Sport'' pundit Mark Lawrenson and ''The Guardian'' writer Tom Bryant both described the match as a "glorified friendly". Prior to the 2008 FA Community Shield, Manchester United manager Sir Alex Ferguson summarised his opinion of the competition: "The Community Shield is a prestigious match but I have used players in it who were not quite fit... it's always a game we never quite use as a do or die thing; we use it as a barometer for fitness". Others, however, continue to recognise the status of the match as the first official game and trophy of the domestic season. Ahead of the 2016 FA Community Shield against Manchester United, Leicester City manager Claudio Ranieri asked, "Why do you say this question, a friendly? When is the Community Shield a friendly? Of course we will be at the maximum and Manchester United will be at their maximum. The two teams want to win. I am very excited." The following year, Chelsea F.C., Chelsea manager Antonio Conte affirmed the significance of the cup, stating "It is not a friendly game. It is an official game and there is a trophy so for us it must be important" ahead of his side's clash with Arsenal F.C., Arsenal, the team that had denied his club the double (association football), double the previous season. Likewise in 2018,
Manchester City Manchester () is the most-populous city and metropolitan borough in North West England and Greater Manchester, England. The city has the country's List of English districts by population, fifth-largest population at 547,627 (as of 2018) and lie ...
manager Pep Guardiola referred to his side's clash with Chelsea in the competition as "the first final" of the season.


Records

* The most successful teams in the competition are Manchester United F.C., Manchester United (17 outright wins, 4 shared), Arsenal F.C., Arsenal (15 outright wins, 1 shared), Liverpool F.C., Liverpool (10 outright wins, 5 shared) and Everton F.C., Everton (8 outright wins, 1 shared). * Chelsea F.C., Chelsea (2010, 2012, 2015, 2017 and 2018) and Newcastle United (1932, 1951, 1952, 1955 and 1996) share the joint-longest run of appearances without winning or sharing the trophy. * The highest scoring game was Manchester United's 8–4 win against Swindon Town F.C., Swindon Town in 1911 FA Charity Shield, 1911. * Everton F.C., Everton hold the record for most consecutive wins (4) from 1984 to 1987; however, the 1986 'win' was shared with Liverpool F.C., Liverpool. Manchester United F.C., Manchester United hold the record for most consecutive losses (4) from 1998 to 2001. During this period Manchester United F.C., Manchester United also held the record for most consecutive games played (6) from 1996 to 2001 in which they won 2. * Tottenham Hotspur F.C., Tottenham Hotspur goalkeeper Pat Jennings scored against Manchester United from his own penalty area in the 1967 FA Charity Shield, 1967 Charity Shield, which was shared at 3–3. * Brighton & Hove Albion F.C., Brighton & Hove Albion are the only club to win just the Shield, never the FA Cup or the League. In the five years that the Charity Shield was contested by the winners of the Football League and Southern League between 1908 and 1912, this was the only occasion on which the Southern League champions prevailed. The victory remains Brighton's only national honour to date and they were crowned the 'Champions of all England'.


Venues

For purposes of clarity, venues mentioned in ''italics'' in this section no longer exist.


Permanent venues

Since 1974, the Community Shield has been at a permanent home rather than guest venues. *Old Wembley Stadium: 1974–2000 *Millennium Stadium: 2001–2006 *New Wembley Stadium: 2007–2011, since 2013


Neutral and guest host venues

The fixture was originally played at various neutral grounds or the home ground of one of the teams competing. In total there have been seventeen host grounds other than the aforementioned permanent three. The first ground to host the fixture was Stamford Bridge (stadium), Stamford Bridge in 1908 and the last ground which guest hosted the fixture was Villa Park in 2012, which was due to Wembley and the Millennium Stadium hosting the Football at the 2012 Summer Olympics, 2012 Olympics football tournament. Stadiums considered included St James' Park, and the Stadium of Light but Villa Park was chosen for the 2012 contest. There have been eight grounds which have hosted the fixture on one single occasion, these being: St James' Park in 1932, ''Roker Park'' in 1936, ''Burnden Park'' in 1958, Turf Moor in 1960, Portman Road in 1962, Anfield in 1964, Elland Road in 1969 and ''Filbert Street'' in 1971. Nine grounds have hosted the fixtures on multiple occasions.


Winners


By year


By number of wins (clubs)


By number of wins (other)


Winners and runners-up by competition

;Notes


References


External links


Official site
at TheFA.com {{DEFAULTSORT:Fa Community Shield FA Community Shield, National association football supercups Football cup competitions in England, !Community shield Recurring sporting events established in 1908 1908 establishments in England Annual sporting events in the United Kingdom Charity events in the United Kingdom Charity football matches