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The Bailiwick of Guernsey is a British Crown dependency in the English Channel off the coast of Normandy. As a bailiwick, Guernsey embraces not only all ten parishes on the Island of Guernsey, but also the islands of Alderney and Sark – each with their own parliament – and the smaller islands of Herm, Jethou and Lihou. Although its defence is the responsibility of the United Kingdom,[1] the Bailiwick is not part of the United Kingdom, but, as its description suggests, a possession of the Crown. Consequently, though it lies within the Common Travel Area, it is not part of the European Union. The Policy and Resources Committee are responsible for external relations.

Contents

1 Consulates 2 Independence debate 3 Relations with Crown dependencies

3.1 Jersey 3.2 Isle of Man 3.3 Trilateral Crown dependency

4 Relations with the United Kingdom

4.1 Scotland 4.2 Northern Ireland

5 Relations with Europe

5.1 European Union 5.2 France 5.3 Republic of Ireland

6 Relations with the Commonwealth

6.1 Commonwealth of Nations 6.2 Commonwealth Parliamentary Association 6.3 Commonwealth Games

7 Relations with the business community 8 Tax agreements 9 Twinning and affiliations 10 External links 11 References

Consulates[edit] Main article: List of diplomatic missions in Guernsey Several European countries have honorary consuls and hold informal honorary consulates in the island. The Honorary Consulate of the French Republic is based at Victor Hugo's former residence at Hauteville House. Independence debate[edit] While Guernsey has complete autonomy over internal affairs and certain external matters, the topic of complete independence from the British Crown has been discussed widely and frequently, with ideas ranging from Guernsey obtaining independence as a Commonwealth realm to the bailiwicks of Guernsey and Jersey uniting and forming an independent Federal State within the Commonwealth, whereby both islands retain their independence with regards to domestic affairs but internationally, the islands would be regarded as one state.[2] Relations with Crown dependencies[edit] Jersey[edit] A Guernsey-Jersey double taxation agreement was first signed in 1956. In 1998 Guernsey and Jersey electricity companies formed the Channel Islands Electricity Grid to operate and manage the submarine cables between Europe and the Channel Islands. Guernsey has formed part of the British–Irish Council since it was formed in 1999, as does Jersey. Meetings take place twice a year, in 2004, 2010 and 2014[3] the meetings have taken place in Guernsey. Its stated aim is to "promote the harmonious and mutually beneficial development of the totality of relationships among the peoples of these islands". In September 2010 a Channel Islands Brussels Office was set up jointly by the two Bailiwicks to develop the Channel Islands' influence with the EU, to advise the Channel Islands' governments on European matters, and to promote economic links with the EU.[4] On 24 January 2013 Jersey signed double taxation agreements with Guernsey (updating the existing agreement) and with the Isle of Man.[5] This was the first time all three Crown dependencies had established such mutual agreements which also included provision for exchange of tax information equivalent to TIEAs.[6] A fishing dispute relating to fishing within the Guernsey 12 mile limit surfaced again in 2015.[7] Isle of Man[edit] Guernsey has formed part of the British–Irish Council since it was formed in 1999, as does the Isle of Man. Meetings take place twice a year, in 2004, 2010 and 2014[3] the meetings have taken place in Guernsey. Its stated aim is to "promote the harmonious and mutually beneficial development of the totality of relationships among the peoples of these islands". Trilateral Crown dependency[edit] The three crown dependencies, while independent, share a relatively similar position with respect to the United Kingdom and with international bodies such as the EU or the OECD. As a result, the crown dependencies work together on areas of mutual interest. For example, in 2000, the three states cooperated on development of common policies for offshore banking.[8] In 2003, they developed a joint approach to certain EU activities around tax information.[9][10] The heads of government of the crown dependencies, including Isle of Man, Guernsey, Alderney, Sark, and Jersey, meet at an annual inter-island summit, to discuss matters of common concern, such as financial regulation and relations with the UK.[11][12][13][14] Relations with the United Kingdom[edit] The relationship of the Crown with Guernsey has been set out in numerous Charters over the centuries. Guernsey is not represented in any UK parliament. The UK cannot legislate on behalf of Guernsey without obtaining prior consent. A Guernsey-UK double taxation arrangement was signed in 1952. Guernsey has formed part of the British–Irish Council since it was formed in 1999, as does England & Wales. Meetings take place twice a year, in 2004, 2010 and 2014[3] the meetings have taken place in Guernsey. Its stated aim is to "promote the harmonious and mutually beneficial development of the totality of relationships among the peoples of these islands". The Deputy Chief Minister of Guernsey attended the UK Liberal Democrats conference in 2012 to communicate the message that "Guernsey and the Channel Islands are good neighbours to the UK".[15] The Chief Minister of Guernsey, accompanied by the Commerce and Employment Minister, has been announced to attend the UK Conservative Party conference 2012.[16] There are close working relations between the island and the UK Police and Border Agency. Scotland[edit] Guernsey has formed part of the British–Irish Council since it was formed in 1999, as does Scotland Meetings take place twice a year, in 2004, 2010 and 2014[3] the meetings have taken place in Guernsey. Its stated aim is to "promote the harmonious and mutually beneficial development of the totality of relationships among the peoples of these islands". In September 2015 there was a meeting with Nicola Sturgeon.[17] Northern Ireland[edit] Guernsey has formed part of the British–Irish Council since it was formed in 1999, as does Northern Ireland. Meetings take place twice a year, in 2004, 2010 and 2014[3] the meetings have taken place in Guernsey. Its stated aim is to "promote the harmonious and mutually beneficial development of the totality of relationships among the peoples of these islands". Relations with Europe[edit] Guernsey has entered into Tax Information Exchange Agreements with most countries within Europe. European Union[edit] Guernsey is neither a separate Member State nor an Associate Member of the European Union. Protocol No. 3 of the Treaty of Accession of the United Kingdom placed the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man within the Common Customs territory of the Community and the Common External Tariff of the European Economic Community. The authorities in Guernsey have to treat natural and legal persons of the European Union equally.[18] People born in the Channel Islands are British citizens and hence European citizens, they are not entitled to take advantage of the freedom of movement of people or services unless they are directly connected (through birth, descent from parent or grandparent, or five years' continuous residence in the UK). In 2011, Guernsey working with Jersey set up a Channel Islands Brussels Office whose aims are to strengthen the Islands' voice in Brussels. The 2016 decision by the United Kingdom population to vote for Brexit will impact on the relationship of the Bailiwick with the European Union when the Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union two-year notice has expired. France[edit] Fishing disputes have been regular events over the years.[19] In 2011 a peace deal was made.[20] In 2013 long term agreements with Électricité de France (EdF) have been signed to supply low carbon electricity for the Channel Islands Electricity Grid.[21] On 22 January 2015, an agreement of cooperation was signed by Guernsey and Jersey with La Manche and Lower Normandy.The purpose of the agreement is to develop institutional partnerships and strengthen exchanges in the areas of economic development, tourism, education and culture between Lower Normandy, La Manche, the Government of Jersey and the States of Guernsey.[22][23] Republic of Ireland[edit] Guernsey has formed part of the British–Irish Council since it was formed in 1999, as does Ireland. Meetings take place twice a year, in 2004, 2010 and 2014[3] the meetings have taken place in Guernsey. Its stated aim is to "promote the harmonious and mutually beneficial development of the totality of relationships among the peoples of these islands". Guernsey's Deputy Chief Minister and Jersey's Assistant Chief Minister travelled to Dublin in September 2012 as a first step in a more coordinated approach to international relations. The purpose of the visit was to meet Ireland's Minister for European Affairs ahead of Ireland's assumption of the European Union presidency in 2013 for mutual discussions.[24] Relations with the Commonwealth[edit] Commonwealth of Nations[edit] The States of Guernsey have made calls for a more integrated relationship with the Commonwealth of Nations,[25] including more direct representation and enhanced participation in Commonwealth organisations and meetings, including Commonwealth Heads of Government Meetings,[26] however with no right to vote in the Ministerial or Heads of Government meetings. Commonwealth Parliamentary Association[edit] Both Alderney and Guernsey are members of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association. Commonwealth Games[edit] The Bailiwick of Guernsey which includes Alderney, Sark, Herm and the other smaller islands is a member of the Commonwealth Games Federation and has attended every games event since the inauguration in 1970.[27] Relations with the business community[edit] In 2011 Guernsey, which had previously been unrated, was awarded a AAA credit rating by Standard & Poor.[28] The Guernsey Vetting Bureau was established to utilise the UK Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS) for local employers and other organisations. In December 2013 The International Stock Exchange (TISE) was officially recognised by both the UK HMRC and the Australian Securities Exchange ASX and in March 2015, the Exchange became an Affiliate Member of the World Federation of Exchanges WFE. Tax agreements[edit] Guernsey has entered into a number of:

Double tax agreements (DTA) Tax Information Exchange Agreements (TIEA)

Guernsey has also signed:

EU Savings Tax Directive[29] OECD Base erosion and profit shifting Agreement (BEPS) [30]

Twinning and affiliations[edit]

Guernsey is twinned with Biberach an der Riß Vale parish was twinned with the Normandy port of Barneville-Carteret in 1987. Guernsey was affiliated with No. 201 Squadron RAF until the unit was disbanded in 2010. Guernsey has an affiliated warship, HMS Daring[31]

External links[edit]

Channel Islands portal

States of Guernsey External Relations Tax Agreements

References[edit]

^ Darryl Mark Ogier (2005). The government and law of Guernsey. States of Guernsey. ISBN 978-0-9549775-0-4. Retrieved 2 November 2011.  ^ Marr, J., The History of Guernsey – the Bailiwick's story, Guernsey Press (2001). ^ a b c d e f "BIC 2014 report" (PDF). BIC.  ^ "Guernsey and Jersey begin recruiting for senior Brussels positions" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-10-04.  ^ "Double Tax Agreements with Guernsey and Isle of Man". 24 January 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2013.  ^ "Guernsey, Jersey and Isle of Man sign taxation agreement". BBC. 24 January 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2013.  ^ "Jersey fishermen want UK to force Guernsey to negotiate fishing rights". Guernsey press. 11 August 2015.  ^ "Crown Dependencies Join Forces On Money Laundering With New "Know Your Customer" Principles". Tax-News.com. 20 December 2000.  ^ "Channel Isles And IoM Discuss Joint Approach To EU Tax Directive". Tax-News.com. 2 September 2003.  ^ "JOINT APPROACH NEEDED TO EU". Isle of Man Today. 1 Sep 2003.  ^ "'Positive' meeting at Inter-Island conference". Isle of Man Newspapers. 7 Sep 2007.  ^ "Inter-island crown dependencies meeting". IFCFeed.com. 28 September 2009.  ^ "Crown Dependencies Summit Held". Tax-News.com. 30 May 2012.  ^ "Crown Dependencies e-Government meeting further strengthens working relationships". gov.im. 30 March 2015.  ^ "Deputy Chief Minister welcomes growing understanding of Guernsey at the Lib Dem Conference". States of Guernsey. Retrieved 4 October 2012.  ^ "Guernsey misses Labour conference due to 'limited budget'". Guernsey Evening Press. 4 October 2012. Retrieved 4 October 2012.  ^ "First Minister welcomes Guernsey's Chief Minister". Office of First Minister of Scotland. 23 September 2015.  ^ "Guernsey, the UK and the EU".  ^ "Storms loom in fishery dispute". Herald Scotland. 3 December 1996.  ^ "French fishermen strike peace deal with Guernsey:..." Independent. 23 October 2011.  ^ "Channel Islands Electricity Grid strengthened with new agreement". Sustainable Guernsey. 29 May 2013.  ^ "Chief Ministers sign agreement with Normandy". Jersey gov.  ^ "22 January 2015 agreement". States of Alderney.  ^ "Channel Island Ministers to meet with Irish Government". States of Guernsey. Retrieved 4 October 2012.  ^ "The role and future of the Commonwealth". House of Commons. Retrieved 18 March 2013.  ^ "Written evidence from the States of Guernsey". Policy Council of Guernsey. Retrieved 18 March 2013.  ^ "Guernsey". Commonwealth Games Federation.  ^ "Do you know the difference between Guernsey and Ireland? The ratings agencies didn't". The Guardian. 24 April 2011.  ^ "Tax Agreements". Guernsey Finance.  ^ "Island signs up to fight profit shifting". Guernsey Press. 22 October 2016.  ^ "HMS Daring - Affiliations". Royal Navy. Retrieved 2015-10-05. 

v t e

Foreign relations of European countries

Sovereign states

Albania Andorra Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland

Italy Kazakhstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Malta Moldova Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom Vatican City

States with limited recognition

Abkhazia Artsakh Kosovo Northern Cyprus South Ossetia Transnistria

Dependencies and other entities

Åland Faroe Islands Gibraltar Guernsey Isle of Man Jersey Svalbard

Other entities

European Union Sovereign Military Order of Malta

v t e

British–Irish Council

Good Friday Agreement

Member jurisdictions

 United Kingdom  Ireland  Guernsey  Isle of Man  Jersey Northern Ireland  Scotland  Wales

Member bodies

Government of the United Kingdom Government of Ireland Policy Council of Guernsey Isle of Man Government Council of Ministers of Jersey Northern Ireland Executive Scottish Government Welsh Government

Work areas

Demography eHealth Environment Indigenous, minority and lesser-used languages Knowledge economy Misuse of drugs Social inclusion Tourism Transport

Representatives of states

May Varadkar St Pier Quayle Gorst Vacant Sturgeon Jones

v t e

Guernsey articles

History Geography Geology

History

Archaeology Braye du Valle Fortifications of Guernsey

Bréhon Tower Castle Cornet Chateau des Marais Doyle Monument Fort Grey Fort Hommet Vale Castle

German occupation during World War II

Evacuation Resistance Relationships Civilian life Deportations Fort Hommet 10.5cm German fortification of Guernsey Channel Islands Occupation Society (CIOS)

Jews in Guernsey Royal Guernsey Light Infantry Royal Guernsey Militia Maritime history Windmills Witch trials

Subdivisions

Islands

Guernsey Alderney Sark Herm Jethou Brecqhou Lihou

Parishes

Castel Forest St Andrew St Martin St Peter Port St Pierre du Bois St Sampson St Saviour Torteval Vale

Schools

State

Grammar Sch. & 6th Form Ctr. La Mare de Carteret Les Beaucamps HS St Sampson's HS St Anne's, Alderney Sark Herm

Independent

Blanchelande College Elizabeth College Ladies' College

Politics

Bailiff of Guernsey

list

Chief Minister Courts of Guernsey Duke of Normandy Elections Greffier Laws Law enforcement Lieutenant Governor Politics of Guernsey States of Election States Assembly

Economy

Banks Guernsey Post Guernsey pound

coins

Stock Exchange Telecommunications Transport

airport rail harbour

Emergency Services

Ambulance Fire Lifeboat Police

Culture

Catholic Church Cuisine

Bean Jar

Demographics Languages

Guernésiais

Music St James Religion

Town Church St Martin's Church Vale Church Chapel of St Apolline

Sport Television

Symbols

Anthem Coat of arms Flag Floral emblem

Outline Index Bibliography

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