Euclid Tsakalotos (Greek: Ευκλείδης Τσακαλώτος,
officially Ευκλείδης Στεφάνου
Τσακαλώτος, transcr. Efklidis Stefanou Tsakalotos, Greek
pronunciation: [efˈkliðis steˈfanu t͜sakaˈlotos]; born 1960)
is a left-wing Greek economist and politician who has been Minister of
Greece since 2015. He is also a member of the Central
Syriza and has represented
Athens B in the Hellenic
Parliament since May 2012.
Tsakalotos was born in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, but moved to the
United Kingdom at a young age. He went to St Paul's School in London
Philosophy, Politics and Economics at The Queen's
College, Oxford. He went on to complete a master's degree at the
Institute of Development Studies, attached to the University of Sussex
and returned to Oxford to complete a doctorate in economics under the
supervision of Włodzimierz Brus, which he did in 1989. From 1989 to
1993, Tsakalotos worked at the University of Kent, where he met his
partner, Heather D. Gibson. He moved to Greece, and taught at the
Athens University of Economics and Business
Athens University of Economics and Business from 1994 to 2010,
becoming a professor of economics. Since 2010, he has been a professor
of economics at the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens. He
has written a number of books in both Greek and English and has been
published in a range of different academic journals.
A student member of the Communist Party of Greece, Tsakalotos joined
Synaspismos in the early 1990s and was elected to the Central
Syriza in 2004 shortly after their formation. He was
first elected as a Member of the
Hellenic Parliament for
Athens B in
the May 2012 legislative election and has been re-elected in every
election since. In opposition from 2012 to 2015, he was Syriza's
shadow finance minister. When
Syriza entered government in January
2015, Tsakalotos was appointed as an Alternate Minister within the
Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In April, he took over as head of
Greece's negotiating team on the third bailout package. On 6 July
2015, following Yanis Varoufakis's resignation, Tsakalotos was
appointed as Minister of Finance. He was re-appointed in September
2015 following the snap legislative election.
1 Early life and education
2 Academic career
3 Early political career
4 In opposition (2012–2015)
5 First term in government (2015)
5.1 Alternate Minister and bailout negotiator
5.2 Minister of Finance
6 Second term in government (2015–present)
6.1 Reappointment as Minister of Finance
6.2 Bailout review and calls for IMF involvement
7 Political views
8 Personal life
9.2 Articles and papers
10 See also
13 External links
Early life and education
Tsakalotos was born in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, in 1960. He is the
son of Stefanos Tsakalotos, a civil engineer who worked in the
shipping industry, and the family relocated to the United Kingdom in
1965 when the younger Tsakolotos was five years old. He attended
St Paul's School, London
St Paul's School, London from 1973 to 1978.[a] In St Paul's
School's alumni magazine, he praised his former schoolmaster Keith
Perry, saying that the teacher did "much to bolster [his]
self-confidence". During his time at the school, he co-founded its
Economics and Politics Society (known as Polecon) with his close
friend Owen Tudor, who now works for the Trades Union Congress.
Tsakalotos went on to read
Philosophy, Politics and Economics at The
Queen's College, Oxford. Whilst at the Queen's College, Tsakalotos was
an admirer of both
Gerald Cohen and Andrew Glyn, a
philosopher and Marxian economist respectively, who both taught at the
university. He also took part in student protests against Margaret
Thatcher's Conservative government. During his time at university,
he became a supporter of Irish republicanism, a view he expressed in
his visit to the
Sinn Féin ardfheis in March 2015. One of his
university friends at this time, Yannis Stournaras, later became a
Greek finance minister and served as Governor of the Bank of
Greece. Following graduation, he completed a master's degree
(MPhil) at the Institute of Development Studies, attached to the
University of Sussex. He then returned to Oxford to complete a
doctorate (DPhil) in economics, studying at Mansfield College. He
completed this doctorate in 1989 under the supervision of Włodzimierz
Brus, with his thesis, Alternative Economic Strategies: The Case of
Greece, later being published as a book.:ix
After the completion of his doctorate, Tsakalotos entered into an
academic career. His first role was as a research associate at the
University of Kent, from 1989 to 1990. From October 1990 to June 1993,
he taught at the university as a lecturer. In 1993, Tsakalotos
and his wife moved to Greece, and in October 1994 he began teaching at
the Athens University of Economics and Business. In September 2010,
he became a full professor of economics at the National and
Kapodistrian University of Athens, more commonly referred to simply as
the University of Athens.
In his capacity as an academic, Tsakalotos served as a member of the
executive committee of the Hellenic Federation of University Teachers'
Associations (POSDEP). In the mid-2000s, Tsakalotos led his
students in a several months-long protest against proposed reforms to
the Greek education system. Thanos Tsouknidas, an accountant that knew
Tsakalotos at the time, said: "He was there, involved in the struggle.
We were fighting together." His active role in the teachers' union
brought him popularity, and according to a former student, his classes
were often packed.
Tsakalotos has written a number of books and articles on Greek and
international economic policies, alone and in cooperation with other
academics and writers. He has co-authored a number of works with his
wife, who has also served as editor for some of the works that he has
Early political career
As a student at the University of Oxford, Tsakalotos joined the
Communist Party of Greece
Communist Party of Greece (Interior), a eurocommunist party that had
split from the main Communist Party of Greece, a Marxist–Leninist
party, in 1968. In the early 1990s, shortly after moving to Greece,
Tsakalotos became a member of Synaspismos, a radical left-wing
political party, which was to become the largest constituent party of
Syriza itself was formed in 2004, ahead of that year's
legislative election, as a coalition of 13 left-wing political parties
in Greece. Tsakalotos was elected to their Central Committee in
December 2004. However, he also remained a prominent member of
Synaspismos and served on both their Central Political Committee and
their Political Secretariat until a July 2013 party congress, during
Syriza voted to become an independent political party and for
all component parties to disband, including Synaspismos.
Syriza was formed, Tsakalotos stood as their candidate
for the prefecture of
Preveza in the 2004 legislative election.
Greek government-debt crisis
Greek government-debt crisis effectively began in 2009 and was a
backdrop for Tsakalotos' involvement in the creation of Syriza's
economic policy. Tsakalotos has been credited as the "brains behind"
the policy, and as a member of Syriza's "economics quartet",
alongside John Milios,
Giorgos Stathakis and Yannis Dragasakis. He
has also been credited as one author of Syriza's Thessaloniki
Programme, a manifesto which proposed a set of policies oriented
towards reversing austerity measures while maintaining a balanced
In opposition (2012–2015)
Some things which are now seen as unrealistic will change with the
political balance of forces.
— Euclid Tsakalotos, LSE meeting
In the May 2012 legislative election, Tsakalotos was elected as a
Member of the
Hellenic Parliament (MP) representing Athens B, the
largest electoral district in Greece. The election saw
16.8% of the vote, placing second behind New Democracy, who won 18.8%
of the vote, and ahead of PASOK, with 13%. Alexis Tsipras, the party
leader, was unable to form a coalition, but also refused to enter into
one with PASOK, forcing the country to new elections in June 2012,
where Tsakalotos won re-election as an MP. Tsakalotos said that Syriza
had a focus on the European Union, and told
The New York Times
The New York Times that a
Europe imposing austerity on its citizens for the actions of banks
"isn't the Europe that the original inspirators of Europe
imagined". New Democracy won a plurality of seats in June 2012 and
formed a coalition government with
PASOK and Democratic Left, making
Syriza the largest opposition party with 78 seats. Tsakalotos'
role in opposition was as the spokesperson for economic affairs in
Tsipras' shadow cabinet.
In opposition from 2012 to 2015, Tsakalotos was a key proponent of
Syriza's economic policy. He argued that
Greece needed something
similar to the Marshall Plan, with a payment scheme that took into
account the strength of the economy. He told
Bloomberg News that
"People say that we are responsible for the situation we find
ourselves in. OK, sure. But I think that
Germany will find it hard to
argue that in 1953 [at the time of the London Agreement on German
External Debts] they were completely blameless." He appeared in
various international media as a spokesperson for
Syriza and making
the case for their policies: among others, he was interviewed on
Lateline, an Australian news programme on ABC, by SBS, another
Australian news channel, was quoted by the
Bloomberg, and also appeared in an
Intelligence Squared debate
arguing for the motion '
Angela Merkel is Destroying Europe'.
September 2013 saw his book, co-authored with Christos Laskos,
published by Pluto Press.
Crucible of Resistance was described as
offering "badly needed correctives" to the prevalent ideas on the
Greek situation. The book addressed why the European debt crisis
began, with a particular focus on Greece. It argued that the idea
Greece was exceptional was a myth and that the crisis had revealed the
inadequacies of neoliberalism and social democracy. Tsakalotos was
criticised by elements of the Greek media in 2013 when he was accused
of living a wealthy lifestyle while criticising austerity in public.
He was dubbed the 'aristocrat of the left', and one newspaper
published front-page criticism arguing that Tsakalotos' own family
wealth came from investments made by companies such as JPMorgan Chase
In December 2014, the
Hellenic Parliament did not approve the new
President with the supermajority required, and so a snap election was
called for the end of January 2015. A few days before the 2015
election took place, Tsakalotos was quizzed on Syriza's economic
policies by a number of economists, debt campaigners and investment
analysts at the London School of Economics. Tsakalotos said there was
a need for fiscal space, meaning 6–7 billion Euros a year to
spend on an expansionary fiscal policy. He also said that they would
cancel the austerity budgets already agreed with the European Union
International Monetary Fund
International Monetary Fund (IMF), pay back the loans from
the IMF and focus on rescheduling and writing off the loans from the
First term in government (2015)
Alternate Minister and bailout negotiator
In the legislative election on 25 January 2015,
Syriza won a
near-majority of seats, with 149 out of 300, and so formed a coalition
with the right-wing anti-austerity party Independent Greeks.
Tsipras became prime minister and formed his cabinet on 27 January,
appointing Tsakalotos as Alternate Minister for International Economic
Relations, subordinate to the Minister for Foreign Affairs, Nikos
Kotzias. Tsakalotos described his role as follows: "[It] means
coordinating our approach to promoting exports and attracting
investment. It also means upgrading our economic diplomacy which needs
to go beyond traditional sectors, for instance exporting olive oil and
importing capital goods."
Euclid Tsakalotos with
Gerry Adams at the
Sinn Féin ardfheis in March
Syriza at the
Sinn Féin ardfheis on 7 March
2015 and gave a speech on the conference floor, during which he said
Sinn Féin and
Syriza are "part of a great realignment in
European politics" towards left-wing anti-austerity parties. The
leader of Sinn Féin, Gerry Adams, embraced Tsakalotos on the stage
following the speech. Tsakalotos then spent several hours
afterwards in talks with senior members of Sinn Féin. The
Financial Times later commented on this, saying it was a "moment of
Syriza and Sinn Féin.
Tsakalotos began to gain a more prominent role in the renegotiations
with Greece's creditors over a new bailout plan, which at the time
were being led by Yanis Varoufakis, the Minister of Finance. On 27
April, Tsakalotos was the made the coordinator of the Greek team
negotiating with the creditor's representatives over this new bailout
plan. This move was largely seen as sidelining Yanis Varoufakis, the
Minister of Finance, but the markets reacted positively.
In June 2015, lenders warned that time was running out for a deal to
be agreed on a new bailout plan. On 17 June, Tsakalotos warned that
Greece would not be able to repay its €1.6bn loan from the IMF at
the end of the month unless a new bailout plan was agreed. The
deadline for the renewal of Greece's bailout package was also looming
at the end of June. On 26 June, an emergency cabinet meeting led to
the calling of a referendum on the bailout deal proposed by the
creditors. Capital controls and a bank holiday were announced on 28
June, with the
Eurozone refusing an extension of the bailout plan and
Greece defaulting on its loan to the IMF on 30 June.
Minister of Finance
The bailout referendum on 5 July resulted in a 'No' vote to the
adoption of the bailout package. The following day, Varoufakis
resigned as finance minister. As he left the finance ministry, he
suggested that Tsakalotos was likely to succeed him, and Tsakalotos
was subsequently sworn-in later that day. In the process of
this, Tsakalotos relinquished his previous ministerial position of
Alternate Minister for International Economic Relations.
Tsakalotos was noted for his differences with Varoufakis, for example,
Financial Times noted that he "could hardly be more different from
his flamboyant predecessor". At a press conference shortly
following his appointment, Tsakalotos said: "I cannot hide from you
that I am quite nervous. I am not taking on this job at the easiest
point in Greek history."
Tsakalotos' first official meeting as Minister of Finance was on 7
July and was an emergency meeting of the
Eurogroup following the vote
in the referendum. Tsakalotos brought a note with him that reminded
him to display "no triumphalism" after the 'No' vote in the Greek
bailout referendum. Following the talks, he was described as "Much
better than Varoufakis".
Greece was given 48 hours to agree to a
new bailout plan or it would face being forced to leave the eurozone
on 8 July, leading to a plan being submitted by the Greek
government on 10 July. In a nine-hour
Eurogroup meetings on 11
July, Tsakalotos was noted for his calmness in the "tough, even
violent" atmosphere of the talks by observers.
The government backed the tenth austerity package which went before
Parliament on 16 July. The package was the first in a series of prior
actions necessary for negotiations to open up over bailout funding
worth 86 billion euros. The package came in two parts, with
the first being approved on 16 July, and the second on 23 July. The
legislation included a rise in VAT across several goods and services,
the abolition of the VAT discount for Greek islands, a corporation tax
rise from 26% to 29%, a luxury tax on cars, boats and swimming pools,
an end to early retirement by 2022, and an increase in the retirement
age to 67. Tsakalotos said on 16 July debate, "I don't know if we
did the right thing, however, I do know that we felt like we had no
other choice but do what we did." The contentious vote was opposed
by 109 out of 201 members of the Central Committee of Syriza, and 32
Syriza MPs voted against the proposals on 16 July. It also led to
a cabinet reshuffle on 17 July, but Tsakalotos retained his role as
Minister of Finance.
The second set of measures were debated and voted on 23 July, with
Tsakalotos beginning the debate, and urging a vote in favour of the
measures. Tsakalotos was criticised for his speech, with Ovenden
writing that "[his] argument made him sound little different from the
kind of kindergarten exchanges which had characterised Pasok and New
Democracy over the years." However, the proposals passed
parliament, clearing the way for a new bailout deal to be negotiated
with Greece's creditors.
A new bailout deal, the Third Economic Adjustment Programme for
Greece, was agreed in August 2015, and the first set of measures went
to vote on 14 August, in the form of the eleventh austerity
package. Tsakalotos opened the debate, calling the deal a "very
tough agreement with many thorns." During the debate, he engaged
heavily with the acting President of New Democracy, Vangelis
Meimarakis, who criticised Tsakalotos for being "provocative".
Towards the end of the debate, Zoi Konstantopoulou, the Speaker of the
Hellenic Parliament, raised so many procedural questions and
objections that Tsakalotos missed the 9:30 am vote to catch a
flight to Brussels. More than 40
Syriza MPs voted against the
plans, and it was suggested that Tsipras may resign, bringing the
prospect of another snap election in September. In
that day, final negotiations were concluded for the Third Economic
Adjustment Programme for Greece.
On 20 August, Tsipras announced the resignation of the Syriza-ANEL
government, and that a legislative election was scheduled for 20
September. Tsakalotos and the rest of the cabinet remained as lame
duck ministers whilst opposition parties attempted to form their own
government. However, the opposition parties failed to form a
Vassiliki Thanou-Christophilou was appointed as an
interim Prime Minister on 27 August. On 28 August,
Thanou-Christophilou's caretaker cabinet was sworn in, with George
Chouliarakis being sworn in as the interim Minister of Finance.
Second term in government (2015–present)
Tsakalotos at an informal meeting of ECOFIN in
Bratislava on 9
Reappointment as Minister of Finance
Reuters reported that Tsakalotos was considering not running in the
September 2015 legislative election, as he did not want to have to
implement the bailout agreement. However, these fears were
Alexis Tsipras when he said there was no doubt that
Tsakalotos would stand in the election. He also claimed that,
during the election campaign, without Tsakalotos' involvement, there
would have been no bailout package. In recognition of that, Tsakalotos
was made to head the list for
Syriza in Athens B. In an interview
during the campaign, Tsakalotos admitted that the Greek government had
suffered "defeat" during negotiations with creditors, implying that
some responsibility for this lay with his predecessor, Varoufakis.
Following the re-election of the Syriza-
ANEL coalition, Tsakalotos was
tipped to resume the role of Minister of Finance, however the
state media reported that he was reluctant to do so. Nonetheless,
he was reappointed as Minister of Finance on 23 September, as part of
the Tsipras' second cabinet. Chouliarakis, the interim Minister of
Finance, was retained in the finance ministry as an Alternate Minister
of Finance. Later in September, in an interview with the Financial
Times, Tsakalotos said that it was "absolutely critical that we get
something on debt relief." He added: "By the second quarter of 2016,
if we get a positive review, bank recapitalisation and debt relief, I
don’t see any reason why there shouldn’t be a return to growth."
He also said that the new government would make serious attempts to
crack down on tax evasion: "It will be a central aspect of our
policies, which will determine the success of the government, because
it’s the only way the Greek people will accept difficult measures
that show we’re all in the same boat."
At the annual meetings of the IMF and the
World Bank between 9 and 11
October 2015, Tsakalotos had a number of meetings with high-level
attendees. On 8 January 2016, Tsakalotos began a tour of
European cities, including Rome, Lisbon, Paris, Helsinki and Berlin,
meeting with finance ministers, prior to a
Eurogroup meeting on 14
January. In February 2016, Spyros Economides, Director of the
Hellenic Observatory, commented on Tsakalotos' performance as Minister
of Finance: "In some ways, he has done an extremely good job because
the mess left by his predecessor both in substantive and
presentational terms was horrific." Tsakalotos visited the
European Parliament in March 2016 and told MEPs of the Committee on
Economic and Monetary Affairs that he welcomed their role in
monitoring the reforms.
Bailout review and calls for IMF involvement
The first review of the bailout programme carried out by Greece's
lenders stalled in February 2016 over pension reforms. Speaking to
Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Tsakalotos urged the lenders to
complete the review by 1 May as "This question of time is important if
we want to move from a vicious to a virtuous circle." He wrote to
other members of the
Eurogroup on 6 May to appeal for their support
against extra demands for austerity that, he argued, were beyond the
mandate of the Greek government.
Speaking in October 2016, Tsakalotos said that he wanted the IMF to
join the bailout programme and that Wolfgang Schäuble's position on
debt relief for
Greece was untenable. Schäuble said that the bailout
programme "will work, the IMF will be on board and there won't be much
debt relief." However, Tsakalotos said that "Something has to give
there, and I think deep down in his heart he understands that. He's a
wily politician. He's been around for a long time. I can't believe he
doesn't understand you can't have all those three things."
Tsakalotos has been described as a "Marxist", and Ovenden has
written that "While Keynes is the main economic reference point for
Varoufakis, who opposed the
Brussels deal, for Tsakalotos, who signed
it, Marx is more that guide to economic and political analysis."
Paul Mason described Tsakalotos as a "classic
Marxist of the New
Left," continuing that "Tsakalotos comes from that school of Marxism
which learned from the 1970s onwards to make compromises with
capitalist reality." In an interview with the
Financial Times in
September 2015, following his re-appointment, he said: "I’m one of
the government’s most left-wing ministers, politically speaking.
However, I want to do things like the recapitalisation of the banks. I
can do things that aren’t particularly left-wing."
Tsakalotos is also a leading member of the Group of 53, a prominent
faction within Syriza. One report names him as the leader of the
Group. The Group was founded in mid-2014 and stands ideologically
between the Left Platform and Alexis Tsipras's core backers.
After the Left Platform split from
Syriza to Popular Unity, the Group
of 53 became the most left-wing faction within Syriza.
Tsakalotos has been described as a "Revolutionary Europeanist", as he
European Union integration but not its capitalist principles.
In one article, he wrote: "[the] European Monetary Union has created a
split between [the] core and periphery, and relations between the two
are hierarchical and discriminatory." Tsakalotos has also
advocated for a "change in [the] architecture" of the Eurozone. He has
also suggested that the EU should have a focus on the development of
member countries, which is what requires this change in
architecture. In a May 2012 interview on Lateline, Tsakalotos
said: "At the moment the
Eurozone is at risk, not because of the Greek
radical left – it's at risk because it has an architecture, a
financial and economic architecture that is evidently unable to deal
with the crisis in the Eurozone, and we think part of the solution is
a change in that architecture." In 2011, he cited a move towards
fiscal federalism as a potential solution to the EU's economic
Tsakalotos is married to Heather D. Gibson, a Scottish economist
currently serving as Director-Advisor to the
Bank of Greece
Bank of Greece and his
ofttimes research and writing partner. They met when Tsakalotos was
teaching at the
University of Kent
University of Kent and they later married in
Canterbury. The couple has three children and maintains two homes in
Kifisia, along with an office in Athens and a holiday home in Preveza,
all courtesy of a large estate belonging to Tsakalotos' father.
Through his father,
Euclid Tsakalotos is the first cousin
twice-removed (great-grandnephew) of Thrasyvoulos Tsakalotos, who
served as Chief of the
Hellenic Army General Staff
Hellenic Army General Staff from 1951 to
1952. Tsakalotos has been quoted as saying that his
great-granduncle fought on the "other side, the wrong side" in the
Greek Civil War, and was worried that his great-grandnephew would
become a "liberal, [but] certainly not anything further to the
Tsakalotos is a fan of
PAOK FC and was given a shirt with Dimitar
Berbatov's name on the back by Alexis Tsipras. When he lived in
the UK, he was a supporter of Leeds United.
Crucible of Resistance: Greece, the
Eurozone and the World Economic
Crisis (with Christos Laskos, Pluto Press, London, Chicago: 2013),
22 Πράγματα που μας λένε για την
ελληνική κρίση και δεν είναι έτσι (22
Things they tell you about the Greek Crisis which are not so; with
Christos Laskos, KPSM Publications: 2012), ISBN 9789606750700
Χωρίς επιστροφή (No Return; with Christos Laskos, KPSM
Publications: 2011), ISBN 9789606750595
Corporatism and Economic Performance: A Comparative Analysis of Market
Economies (with Andrew Henley, Edward Elgar Publishing: 1993)
Alternative Economic Strategies: The Case of
Publishers, Aldershot: 1991), ISBN 1856281833
Articles and papers
Tsakalotos has published a number of articles and papers, including
several co-authored with his wife, Heather Gibson, and others. He has
been published in a range of Academic journals, such as the Cambridge
Journal of Economics, the Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics
and the Oxford Review of Economic Policy. For a full list, see the
link to his page on
Academia.edu in the External links.
First Cabinet of Alexis Tsipras
Second Cabinet of Alexis Tsipras
Greek government-debt crisis
^ Some sources also claim that Tsakalotos attended Eton College.
^ Some of Tsakalotos' work has sparked debate in academic circles,
leading to some articles being published in response to his work.
These include Educating Capitalists: A Rejoinder to Wright and
Tsakalotos by Wolfgang Streeck, as well as Tsakalotos on "Homo
Economicus": Some Comments by Guglielmo Carchedi.
^ Hellenic Parliament: MPs' contact details Note: Modern Greek middle
names are typically a patronymic in the genitive case; thus, Stefanou
from his father's name, Stefanos.
^ a b c d e Κατσαντώνη, Χριστίνα,
"ΕυκλειδηΣ ΤσακαλωτοΣ: Ο ανθρωποΣ στη
"σκια" του Γ.Βαρουφακη", The Times of Change Magazine
Τρίτη, 07 Ιουλίου 2015. Retrieved 7 July 2015
^ a b c d Smith, Helena (18 June 2015). "Euclid Tsakalotos: Greece's
secret weapon in credit negotiations". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 July
^ a b c Khan, Mehreen (6 July 2015). "Meet Euclid Tsakalotos, the man
who has replaced
Yanis Varoufakis as Greece's new finance minister".
The Telegraph. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
^ Savaricas, Nathalie (6 July 2015). "
Greece debt crisis: Euclid
Tsakalotos – the new finance minister with one of the most
challenging jobs in the EU". The Independent. Retrieved 7 July
^ a b c d e f Rayner, Gordon (7 July 2015). "Profile: Euclid
Leeds United fan now in charge of saving the euro".
The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
^ Moore, Charles (11 July 2015). "Why the Greek No is a great moment
for socialism". The Spectator. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
^ "Alternative economic strategies: the case of
Greece / Euclid
Tsakalotos". National Library of Australia. Retrieved 27 August
^ a b c "Alternate Foreign Minister for International Economic
Relations". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Archived from the original on
28 June 2015. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
^ a b Tsakalotos, Euclid, Heather Gibson, ed., Alternative Economic
Strategies: The Case of
Greece (Aldershot, Avebury Publishers: 1991),
^ Pragnell, Chris (5 May 2015). "University tutor Euclid Tsakalotos
has become chief bail-out negotiator for Greece". Kent Online.
Retrieved 14 August 2015.
^ Euclid Tsakalotos: National & Kapodistrian University of Athens.
uoa.academia.edu. Retrieved 6 July 2015
^ a b c d Kambas, Michele; Galloni, Alessandra (6 July 2015). "New
Greek finance minister is a change of style, not substance". Reuters.
Retrieved 15 August 2015.
^ Carchedi, Guglielmo (July 2006). "Tsakalotos on 'Homo Economicus':
Some Comments". Science & Society. 70 (3): 370–375.
access-date= requires url= (help)
^ Streeck, Wolfgang (2004). "Educating Capitalists: A Rejoinder to
Wright and Tsakalotos" (PDF). Socio-Economic Review. 2 (3): 425–438.
Retrieved 17 September 2016.
^ "Who are the Greek left?". Workers' Liberty. 22 May 2012. Retrieved
18 March 2017.
^ (in Greek) The Greek Government syriza.gr. Retrieved 6 July 2015
^ a b "Euclid Tsakalotos: Bye bye creative vagueness, hello method and
detail!". Protothema. 29 April 2015. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
^ Skordas, Aggelos (28 April 2015). "Euclid Tsakalotos: Who Is the
Greek Economist that Sidelined Superstar Yanis Varoufakis". Greek
Reporter. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
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Minister of Finance
Minister of Finance
Finance Ministers of Greece
Third Hellenic Republic
Current Cabinet of Greece
Deputy Prime Minister
Foreign Affairs: Nikos Kotzias
Finance: Euclid Tsakalotos
National Defence: Panos Kammenos
Interior and Administrative Reconstruction: Panagiotis Kouroumblis
Economy, Development and Tourism: Giorgos Stathakis
Education, Research and Religious Affairs: Nikos Filis
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Shipping and Island Policy: Thodoris Dritsas
Agricultural Development and Food: Evangelos Apostolou
Culture and Sports: Aristides Baltas
State: Nikos Pappas;
Alekos Flambouraris (Governmental Coordination)
Administrative Reform: Christophoros Vernardakis
Public Order and Citizen Protection: Nikos Toskas
Immigration Policy: Ioannis Mouzalas
Tourism: Elena Kountoura
Environment: Giannis Tsironis
Finance: Tryfon Alexiadis; George Chouliarakis
Education, Research and Religious Affairs: Sia Anagnostopoulou
Research and Innovation: Kostas Fotakis
Social Solidarity: Theano Fotiou
Combating Unemployment: Rania Antonopoulos
European Affairs: Nikos Xydakis
National Defence: Dimitris Vitsas
Corruption Issues: Dimitris Papangelopoulos
Health: Pavlos Polakis
Agricultural Development and Food: Markos Bolaris
Deputy Minister to the Prime Minister for Governmental Coordination:
Macedonia and Thrace: Maria Kollia-Tsaroucha
Interior: Yannis Balafas
Foreign Affairs: Ioannis Amanatidis; Dimitris Mardas
Industry: Theodora Tzakri
Infrastructure, Transport and Networks: Marina Chrissoveloni
National Strategic Reference Framework Affairs: Alexis Haritsis
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