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The term ETHNOTAXONOMY refers either to that subdiscipline within ethnology which studies the taxonomic systems defined and used by individual ethnic groups , or to the operative individual taxonomy itself, which is the object of the ethnologist's immediate study.

For example, in many West African languages, the perceptual world of color is classified into the principal categories "Red," "White," and "Black" (finer gradations being secondary). The range of wavelengths that an English-speaker calls blue would be a subcategory of "Black."

The set of categories of familial relationships evinced by the ethnic group's kinship system is another ethnotaxonomy. An example of this might be the Hawaiian kinship
Hawaiian kinship
system, where all members of a generation of the same sex are referred to by a single term. Both the relationships termed mother and aunt in English fall into the same taxon "Mother-Aunt". This does not mean that the users of this taxonomy are confused about the concept "Birth-Mother," only that it is a subcategory.

Conversely, an ethnotaxonomy such as the Sudanese kinship system or that used in ancient Rome , where no two relationships have the same denotation, may show much more granularity than the English system. Thus the relationship called aunt in English is not fundamental in Latin, but either amita "Father's Sister" or matertera "Mother's Sister" must be chosen. Latin and Sudanese are called a "descriptive systems," and Hawaiian is called a "classificatory" system, but it is obvious that this terminology is English-centered (see Lewis H. Morgan ), the difference being one of degree, rather than kind.

Categories of plants, "Useful" and "Harmful," etc., are yet another well-known example. Indeed, in recent years there has been a vogue usage of the term ethnotaxonomy limiting it to ethnobotany and ethnopharmacology , because of the "rediscovery" of the medicinal and commercial value of plants disclosed by examining the botanical ethnotaxonomies of lesser-known cultures.

SEE ALSO

* Folk taxonomy

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Ethnicity

Related concepts

* Clan

* Ethnic group
Ethnic group

* Ethnolinguistic group * Ethnoreligious group
Ethnoreligious group

* Indigenous peoples
Indigenous peoples
* Ingroups and outgroups * Meta-ethnicity * Metroethnicity * Minority group * Monoethnicity * Nation * Nationality
Nationality
* Panethnicity * Polyethnicity * Population
Population
* Race * Symbolic ethnicity * Tribe
Tribe

ETHNOLOGY

* Anthropology
Anthropology
* Ethnic studies * Ethnoarchaeology

* Ethnobiology

* Ethnobotany
Ethnobotany
* Ethnozoology * Ethnoecology

* Ethnocinema * Ethnogeology

* Ethnography
Ethnography

* Autoethnography * Clinical * Critical * Cyber- * Netnography * Online * Person-centered * Salvage * Transidioethnography * Video

* Ethnohistory * Ethnolinguistics * Ethnology
Ethnology
* Ethnomathematics * Ethnomethodology * Ethnomuseology * Ethnomusicology
Ethnomusicology
* Ethnophilosophy * Ethnopoetics * Ethnoscience * Ethnosemiotics * Ethnotaxonomy

Groups by region

* Africa * Europe * Oceania

* Arab League * Europe

* Australian

* indigenous

* Indigenous Oceanian * Europeans in Oceania

AMERICAS

* Indigenous * Canada * Mexico * United States * Central America * South America

ASIA

* Central * East * Northern * South * Southeast * West

Identity and ethnogenesis

* Cross-race effect * Cultural assimilation * Cultural identity
Cultural identity
* Demonym * Development * Endonym * Ethnic flag * Ethnic option * Ethnic origin * Ethnic religion
Ethnic religion
* Ethnicity in census * Ethnofiction * Ethnonym * Folk religion
Folk religion
* Historical * Imagined community * Kinship
Kinship
* Legendary progenitor * Lineage-bonded society * Mores
Mores
* Nation-building * Nation state * National language
National language
* National myth * Origin myth * Pantribal sodality * Tribal name * Tribalism * Urheimat

Multiethnic society

* Consociationalism * Diaspora politics * Dominant minority * Ethnic democracy * Ethnic enclave
Ethnic enclave
* Ethnic interest group * Ethnic majority * Ethnic media * Ethnic pornography
Ethnic pornography
* Ethnic theme park * Ethnoburb
Ethnoburb
* Ethnocracy * Ethnopluralism * Indigenous rights * Middleman minority * Minority rights * Model minority * Multinational state
Multinational state

Ideology and ethnic conflict

* Ethnic bioweapon * Ethnic cleansing
Ethnic cleansing
* Ethnic hatred * Ethnic joke * Ethnic nationalism
Ethnic nationalism
* Ethnic nepotism * Ethnic penalty * Ethnic slur * Ethnic stereotype * Ethnic violence * Ethnocentrism * Ethnocide * Ethnosymbolism * Indigenism * Separatist movements * Xenophobia

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