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Ermine Street is the name of a major Roman road
Roman road
in England that ran from London
London
(Londinium) to Lincoln (Lindum Colonia) and York (Eboracum). The Old English name was "Earninga Straete" (1012), named after a tribe called the Earningas, who inhabited a district later known as Armingford Hundred, around Arrington, Cambridgeshire
Arrington, Cambridgeshire
and Royston, Hertfordshire.[1] "Armingford", and "Arrington" share the same Old English origin. The original Roman name for the route is unknown. It is also known as the Old North Road from London
London
to where it joins the A1 Great North Road near Godmanchester.

Contents

1 Course 2 Alternative course 3 See also 4 Notes 5 References 6 External links

Course[edit] Ermine Street begins at Bishopsgate, where one of the seven gates in the wall surrounding Roman London
London
was located. From here it runs north up Norton Folgate, Shoreditch High Street
Shoreditch High Street
and Kingsland Road
Kingsland Road
through Stoke Newington
Stoke Newington
(forming Stoke Newington
Stoke Newington
Road and Stoke Newington
Stoke Newington
High Street), Tottenham, Edmonton
Edmonton
and Eastern Enfield (Ponders End, Enfield Highway, Enfield Wash and Freezywater) to Royston. This section of Ermine Street from London
London
to Royston, Hertfordshire
Royston, Hertfordshire
is now largely part of the A10. At this point it crosses the Icknield Way. From Royston, it was formerly the A14 to the A1 but now it is the A1198 to Godmanchester
Godmanchester
(Durovigutum). Ignoring bypasses and modern diversions, the road through Huntingdon
Huntingdon
to the Alconbury
Alconbury
junction on the A1 gives the line. The section from Alconbury
Alconbury
to Water Newton, ignoring modern bypasses such as that at Stilton, follows the A1. Ermine street used to pass through Durobrivae, the slight remains of which can be seen to the east, alongside the A1 at Peterborough. The modern road returns to Ermine Street north-west of Stamford, near Great Casterton, through which Ermine Street ran. The post- Roman road
Roman road
wandered off for two and half miles (4.0 km) through Colsterworth, but Ermine Street continues as the B6403, through Ancaster to the A17. It then continues as a public right of way, easily walked, until Waddington airfield blocks it at SK981626. The route from Colsterworth, through Ancaster, to Bracebridge Heath is known as High Dike. It runs roughly parallel with and to the east of the A607 between Carlton Scroop
Carlton Scroop
and Harmston. High Dike takes to the level, open, dry country of the Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Heath while the A607 wanders through the villages on the spring line below. From the Antonine Itinerary
Antonine Itinerary
there is known to have been a Roman Settlement on the road in South Lincolnshire, called Causennae which has been variously identified with Ancaster Roman Town
Ancaster Roman Town
or Saltersford, south of Grantham.[2][3][4] Another long section remains, now the A15, running north out of Lincoln, past RAF Scampton
RAF Scampton
and Caenby
Caenby
Corner, past Kirton in Lindsey at grid reference SE9698, and continuing almost to the Humber
Humber
at Winteringham. Before the diversion was made round the extended runway at Scampton, with a very slight diversion at Broughton, it was possible to travel about 33 miles, from the Newport Arch, the Roman north gate at Lincoln, to the Parish
Parish
of Winteringham
Winteringham
along a road so slightly curved as to be regarded as straight. Roman Winteringham
Winteringham
was the terminal for the ferry to Petuaria (Brough) on the north shore of the Humber. From there, the road curved westwards to York. This landing place on the south shore of the Humber
Humber
is significant because Winteringham
Winteringham
translates as "the homestead of Winta's people". Apart from Woden, the god, the first leader on Lindsey's list of kings is Winta. Clearly, the end of the Jurassic
Jurassic
limestone ridge at the Humber
Humber
was significant in the English settlement of Lincolnshire. Winterton is a little further inland. Ermine Street and the River Trent together were evidently an important early route of entry into early post-Roman Britain. Alternative course[edit] The Roman Map of Britain above shows a sector of Ermine Street for which there was an alternative route. As Ermine Street extended north out of Lincoln and past Scampton
Scampton
an alternative course of Ermine Street curved left and formed a semicircle on a wide heading west of the Humber
Humber
Estuary. The straight northerly route, traced in red on the map, between Lincoln and York
York
was the shorter, but was not passable over the Humber
Humber
Estuary during adverse weather conditions. Thus an alternative route was established (see also Roman roads in Britain). This 'alternative' route is detailed in the Antonine Itinerary
Antonine Itinerary
and linked York
York
(Eboracum), Castleford
Castleford
(Lagecium), Doncaster
Doncaster
(Danum), Littleborough (Agelocum) and Lincoln (Lindum). Beginning at the modern Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Showground the portion of this route in Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
is known as Till Bridge Lane, the modern A1500.[5] The route in the Doncaster
Doncaster
area, and again north of Castleford, is known as the Roman Ridge or Roman Rigg. A large section of this road formed for many later centuries the Great North Road between Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
and West Yorkshire. See also[edit]

Roman Britain Roman roads in Britain

Notes[edit]

^ P.H.Blair, An Introduction to Anglo-Saxon England (Cambridge,2003),p.256 ^ Historic England. "Monument No. 325760". PastScape. Retrieved 15 September 2013.  ^ Whitewell, J.B. (1970). Roman Lincolnshire. History of Lincolnshire. 2. Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
local history society. pp. 64, 65.  ^ Margary, Ivan D. (1967). Roman Roads in Britain. London: John Baker.  ^ Lincoln & Newark-on-Trent (Map) (C3 ed.). 1:50 000. OS Landranger. Ordnance survey of Great Britain. 2 June 2011. § 121. ISBN 9780319229422. 

References[edit]

I. D. Margary, Roman Roads in Britain (3rd ed. 1973) Ordnance Survey 1:50 000 maps. (1972 to 2001) Ordnance Survey, Map of Roman Britain
Roman Britain
(3rd edn. 1956) Soil Survey of England And Wales, Soils of England and Wales , Sheet 4 (1983) XTC song Chalkhills and Children, from Oranges and Lemons (1989)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ermine Street.

Map of Roman roads in Britain
Roman roads in Britain
at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
(archived 11 January 2008) - very large map ' Ermine Street - A Journey through Roman Britain' web page by the BBC

Coordinates: 53°09′05″N 0°32′04″W / 53.15151°N 0.53454°W / 53.151

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