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Erigavo

Ceerigaabo

عيرجابو
City
Overview of Erigavo
Overview of Erigavo
Erigavo is located in Somaliland
Erigavo
Erigavo
Location in Somaliland
Coordinates: 10°37′05″N 047°22′12″E / 10.61806°N 47.37000°E / 10.61806; 47.37000Coordinates: 10°37′05″N 047°22′12″E / 10.61806°N 47.37000°E / 10.61806; 47.37000
Country Somaliland
RegionSanaag
DistrictErigavo
Government
Erigavo (Somali: Ceerigaabo), also spelled as Erigabo, is the capital and largest city of the Sanaag region of Somaliland.[2]

History

Pathway in old Erigavo.

The Erigavo settlement is several centuries old. The surrounding area was supposedly built by the Madigan Dir.[3] Modern Erigavo was founded by the Musa Ismail sub-clan of the Habr Yunis as a Home Well for passing nomads and caravans.[4] The general area is noted for its numerous historical tombs, where various Somali clan patriarchs are buried.[5] As of 2013, Erigavo is the administrative capital of the northern Sanaag region. It is also the center of the Erigavo District.

Geography

Environment

10 km (6 m) to the north of the town are the remains of a juniper forest,[6] running along the edge of the escarpment overlooking the Gulf of Aden. The escarpment is approximately 2,000 m (6,562 ft) above sea level, where the road from Erigavo drops down to the coast. 2 km (1.2 mi) to the west, it rises to the highest point in Somaliland, Shimbiris. A popular local attraction, the summit sits at an elevation of about 2670 m above sea level. A road also leads up from Erigavo to Daallo mountain. At the mountain's peak, the sea can be observed in addition to the ancient town of Hiis situated nearby.

Erigavo is also home to many animal and plant species. Wildlife native to the area include dorcas gazelle, gerenuk, Salt's dik-dik, hamadryas baboon, desert warthog, spotted hyena, striped hyena, black-backed jackal, African golden wolf, honey badger and Somali ostrich.

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Climate

Under the Köppen climate classification, Erigavo features a mild version of the semi-arid climate. The city generally sees equable temperatures year round, with some of the mildest weather in all of Somaliland. Despite its location in the tropics, due to the high altitude,

The Erigavo settlement is several centuries old. The surrounding area was supposedly built by the Madigan Dir.[3] Modern Erigavo was founded by the Musa Ismail sub-clan of the Habr Yunis as a Home Well for passing nomads and caravans.[4] The general area is noted for its numerous historical tombs, where various Somali clan patriarchs are buried.[5] As of 2013, Erigavo is the administrative capital of the northern Sanaag region. It is also the center of the Erigavo District.

Geography

Environment

10 km (6 m) to the north of the town are the remains of a juniper forest,[6] running along the edge of the escarpment overlooking the Gulf of Aden. The escarpment is approximately 2,000 m (6,562 ft) above sea level, where the road from Erigavo drops down to the coast. 2 km (1.2 mi) to the west, it rises to the highest point in Somaliland, Shimbiris. A popular local attraction, the summit sits at an elevation of about 2670 m above sea level. A road also leads up from Erigavo to Daallo mountain. At the mountain's peak, the sea can be observed in addition to the ancient town of Hiis situated nearby.

Erigavo is also home to many animal and plant species. Wildlife native to the area include dorcas gazelle, gerenuk, Salt's dik-dik, hamadryas baboon, desert warthog, spotted hyena, striped hyena, black-backed jackal, African golden wolf, honey badger and Somali ostrich.

.

Climate

Under the Köppen climate

10 km (6 m) to the north of the town are the remains of a juniper forest,[6] running along the edge of the escarpment overlooking the Gulf of Aden. The escarpment is approximately 2,000 m (6,562 ft) above sea level, where the road from Erigavo drops down to the coast. 2 km (1.2 mi) to the west, it rises to the highest point in Somaliland, Shimbiris. A popular local attraction, the summit sits at an elevation of about 2670 m above sea level. A road also leads up from Erigavo to Daallo mountain. At the mountain's peak, the sea can be observed in addition to the ancient town of Hiis situated nearby.

Erigavo is also home to many animal and plant species. Wildlife native to the area include dorcas gazelle, gerenuk, Salt's dik-dik, hamadryas baboon, desert warthog, spotted hyena, striped hyena, black-backed jackal, African golden wolf, honey badger and Somali ostrich.

dorcas gazelle, gerenuk, Salt's dik-dik, hamadryas baboon, desert warthog, spotted hyena, striped hyena, black-backed jackal, African golden wolf, honey badger and Somali ostrich.

.

Under the Köppen climate classification, Erigavo features a mild version of the semi-arid climate. The city generally sees equable temperatures year round, with some of the mildest weather in all of Somaliland. Despite its location in the tropics, due to the high altitude, temperatures rarely exceed 30 degrees Celsius. Nights are frequently chilly, even during the summer season. This is a trait shared with very few places in the world; notable locations with similar climate are Sana'a in Yemen or Arequipa in Peru. The city receives on average under 400 mm of precipitation annually. Average monthly temperatures range from 14.3 C in the month of December to 19.7 C in the month of July. Absolute minimum temperatures sometimes touch or cross zero degrees Celsius isotherm.

[8] The city is primarily inhabited by people from the Somali ethnic group, and is wholly dominated by the Habr Yunis and the Habr Je'lo sub-clans of the Isaaq clan.[9] Other minority groups inhabiting Erigavo include the Dhulbahante and the Warsangeli sub-clans of the Darod, as well as the Magaadle Dir.[10][11]

Education

Higher learning in Erigavo is provided by East Africa University (EAU), which has one of its six branches in the city.[12] The Sanaag University also offers tertiary courses and degrees, and Gollis university has a branch and many colleges. Queen of Sheba University offers women in Sanaag free degree courses and a limited number of places worldwide in distance mode.

Administration

Town affairs are managed by the mayor of Erigavo, as appointed by Somaliland. Taxes are levied and collected by the local town council as of 1999.[13]

Services

The city is home to a Boy Scouts organization. Formed in 2005 by the local Sanaag administration, the Scouts partake in various activities, including a 2006 training program on governance, peace and leadership.[14]

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ https://www.menafn.com/qn_news_story_s.aspx?storyid=1095348715&title=Somaliland-The-UN-and-its-JPLG-Program-have-Orphaned-Erigavo-Mayor-Ismail-Haji-Nur
  2. ^ Renders, Marleen (2012-01-20). Consider Somalia: State-Building with Traditional Leaders and Institutions. BRILL. ISBN 9789004222540.
  3. ^ Ali, Ibrahim (1993). The History of the Somali People. p. 44. (Erigaavo) it is where Madigan Dir built their castles, famous still. All around Daryale the splendors of the past are seen.
  4. ^ A General survey of the Somaliland protectorate 1944-1950, p.164
  5. ^ A.H. Keane, Man, Past and Present, (Cambridge University Press: 1920), p.485.
  6. ^ "Somali montane xeric woodlands". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund.
  7. ^ "Klimatafel von Erigavo / Somalia" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
  8. ^ Higher learning in Erigavo is provided by East Africa University (EAU), which has one of its six branches in the city.[12] The Sanaag University also offers tertiary courses and degrees, and Gollis university has a branch and many colleges. Queen of Sheba University offers women in Sanaag free degree courses and a limited number of places worldwide in distance mode.

    AdministrationTown affairs are managed by the mayor of Erigavo, as appointed by Somaliland. Taxes are levied and collected by the local town council as of 1999.[13]

    Services

    The city

    The city is home to a Boy Scouts organization. Formed in 2005 by the local Sanaag administration, the Scouts partake in various activities, including a 2006 training program on governance, peace and leadership.[14]

    Notable resi