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The Info List - Eric Clapton


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Eric Patrick Clapton, CBE (born 30 March 1945), is an English rock and blues guitarist, singer, and songwriter. He is the only three-time inductee to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame: once as a solo artist and separately as a member of the Yardbirds and of Cream. Clapton has been referred to as one of the most important and influential guitarists of all time.[1] Clapton ranked second in Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
magazine's list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time"[2] and fourth in Gibson's "Top 50 Guitarists of All Time".[3] He was also named number five in Time magazine's list of "The 10 Best Electric Guitar Players" in 2009.[4] In the mid-1960s Clapton left the Yardbirds to play with John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers. Immediately after leaving Mayall, Clapton formed the power trio Cream with drummer Ginger Baker
Ginger Baker
and bassist Jack Bruce, in which Clapton played sustained blues improvisations and "arty, blues-based psychedelic pop".[5] After Cream broke up, he formed blues rock band Blind Faith
Blind Faith
with Baker, Steve Winwood, and Ric Grech. Clapton's solo career began in the 1970s, where his work bore the influence of the mellow style of J. J. Cale
J. J. Cale
and the reggae of Bob Marley. His version of Marley's "I Shot the Sheriff" helped reggae reach a mass market.[6] Two of his most popular recordings were "Layla", recorded with Derek and the Dominos; and Robert Johnson's "Crossroads", recorded with Cream. Following the death of his son Conor in 1991, Clapton's grief was expressed in the song "Tears in Heaven", which was featured on his Unplugged album. Clapton has been the recipient of 18 Grammy Awards, and the Brit Award for Outstanding Contribution to Music. In 2004 he was awarded a CBE at Buckingham Palace
Buckingham Palace
for services to music.[7][8][9] He has received four Ivor Novello Awards
Ivor Novello Awards
from the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors, including the Lifetime Achievement Award. In his solo career, Clapton has sold more than 130 million records worldwide.[10] In 1998, Clapton, a recovering alcoholic and drug addict, founded the Crossroads Centre on Antigua, a medical facility for recovering substance abusers.[11]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Early career, breakthrough, and international success

2.1.1 The Yardbirds
The Yardbirds
and the Bluesbreakers 2.1.2 Cream 2.1.3 Blind Faith, Delaney and Bonnie and Friends

2.2 "Layla" and solo career

2.2.1 Derek and the Dominos 2.2.2 Personal challenges and early solo success

2.3 Continued success 2.4 Tragedy, healing and resurgence 2.5 Collaboration albums 2.6 Clapton, Old Sock
Old Sock
and I Still Do

3 Influences 4 Legacy 5 Guitars 6 Other media appearances 7 Personal life

7.1 Relationships and children 7.2 Political views 7.3 Controversy over remarks on immigration 7.4 Wealth and assets 7.5 Car collection 7.6 Charitable work 7.7 Football

8 Awards and honours 9 Clapton's music in film and TV 10 Discography

10.1 Solo studio albums 10.2 Collaborations

11 References 12 Further reading 13 External links

Early life Clapton was born on 30 March 1945 in Ripley, Surrey, England, to 16-year-old Patricia Molly Clapton (7 January 1929 – March 1999) and Edward Walter Fryer (21 March 1920 – 15 May 1985), a 25-year-old soldier from Montreal, Quebec.[12] Fryer shipped off to war prior to Clapton's birth and then returned to Canada. Clapton grew up believing that his grandmother, Rose, and her second husband, Jack Clapp, Patricia's stepfather, were his parents, and that his mother was actually his older sister. The similarity in surnames gave rise to the erroneous belief that Clapton's real surname is Clapp (Reginald Cecil Clapton was the name of Rose's first husband, Eric Clapton's maternal grandfather).[13] Years later, his mother married another Canadian soldier and moved to Germany,[14] leaving young Eric with his grandparents in Surrey.[15] Clapton received an acoustic Hoyer guitar, made in Germany, for his thirteenth birthday, but the inexpensive steel-stringed instrument was difficult to play and he briefly lost interest.[15] Two years later Clapton picked it up again and started playing consistently.[15] Clapton was influenced by the blues from an early age, and practised long hours to learn the chords of blues music by playing along to the records.[16] He preserved his practice sessions using his portable Grundig
Grundig
reel-to-reel tape recorder, listening to them over and over until he felt he'd got it right.[16][17] In 1961, after leaving Hollyfield School
Hollyfield School
in Surbiton, Clapton studied at the Kingston College of Art but was dismissed at the end of the academic year because his focus remained on music rather than art. His guitar playing was so advanced that, by the age of 16, he was getting noticed.[17] Around this time, Clapton began busking around Kingston, Richmond, and the West End.[18] In 1962, Clapton started performing as a duo with fellow blues enthusiast David Brock in pubs around Surrey.[17] When he was seventeen years old, Clapton joined his first band, an early British R&B group, the Roosters, whose other guitarist was Tom McGuinness. He stayed with this band from January until August
August
1963.[11] In October of that year, Clapton did a seven-gig stint with Casey Jones & the Engineers.[11] Career Early career, breakthrough, and international success The Yardbirds
The Yardbirds
and the Bluesbreakers Main articles: The Yardbirds
The Yardbirds
and John Mayall
John Mayall
& the Bluesbreakers In October 1963, Clapton joined the Yardbirds, a blues-influenced rock and roll band, and stayed with them until March 1965. Synthesising influences from Chicago blues
Chicago blues
and leading blues guitarists such as Buddy Guy, Freddie King, and B.B. King, Clapton forged a distinctive style and rapidly became one of the most talked-about guitarists in the British music scene.[19] The band initially played Chess/Checker/Vee-Jay blues numbers and began to attract a large cult following when they took over the Rolling Stones' residency at the Crawdaddy Club
Crawdaddy Club
in Richmond. They toured England with American bluesman Sonny Boy Williamson II; a joint LP album, recorded in December 1963, was issued in 1965.

Appearing at the Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall
in London for the first time in 1964, Clapton has since performed at the venue over 200 times.[20]

Yardbirds' rhythm guitarist, Chris Dreja, recalled that whenever Clapton broke a guitar string during a concert, he would stay on stage and replace it. The English audiences would wait out the delay by doing what is called a "slow handclap". Clapton's nickname of 'Slowhand' came from Giorgio Gomelsky, a pun on the slow handclapping that ensued when Clapton stopped playing while he replaced a string.[21] In December 1964, Clapton made his first appearance at the Royal Albert Hall, London, with the Yardbirds.[20] Since then, Clapton has performed at the Hall over 200 times, and has stated that performing at the venue is like "playing in my front room".[22][23] In March 1965, Clapton and the Yardbirds had their first major hit, "For Your Love", written by songwriter Graham Gouldman, who also wrote hit songs for Herman's Hermits
Herman's Hermits
and the Hollies (and would later achieve success of his own as a member of 10cc). In part because of its success, the Yardbirds elected to move toward a pop-oriented sound, much to the annoyance of Clapton, who was devoted to the blues and not commercial success. He left the Yardbirds on the day that "For Your Love" went public, a move that left the band without its lead guitarist and most accomplished member. Clapton suggested fellow guitarist Jimmy Page
Jimmy Page
to be his replacement, but Page declined out of loyalty to Clapton,[24] putting Jeff Beck
Jeff Beck
forward.[19] Beck and Page played together in the Yardbirds for a while, but Beck, Page, and Clapton were never in the group together. They first appeared together on the 12-date benefit tour for Action for Research into multiple sclerosis in 1983 with the first date taking place on 23 September at the Royal Albert Hall.[25] Clapton joined John Mayall
John Mayall
& the Bluesbreakers in April 1965, only to quit a few months later. In June, Clapton was invited to jam with Jimmy Page, recording a number of tracks that would be retroactively credited to The Immediate All-Stars. In the summer of 1965 he left for Greece with a band called the Glands, which included his old friend Ben Palmer on piano. In November 1965 he rejoined John Mayall. In March 1966, while still a member of the Bluesbreakers, Clapton briefly collaborated on a side project with Jack Bruce
Jack Bruce
and Steve Winwood
Steve Winwood
among others, recording only a few of tracks under the name Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
and the Powerhouse. During his second Bluesbreakers stint, Clapton gained a reputation as the best blues guitarist on the club circuit. Although Clapton gained world fame for his playing on the influential album, Blues
Blues
Breakers – John Mayall
John Mayall
– With Eric Clapton, this album was not released until he had left the band for the last time in July 1966. Having swapped his Fender Telecaster
Fender Telecaster
and Vox AC30
Vox AC30
amplifier for a 1960 Gibson Les Paul
Gibson Les Paul
Standard guitar and Marshall amplifier, Clapton's sound and playing inspired the famous slogan "Clapton is God", spray-painted by an unknown admirer on a wall in Islington in 1967.[26] The graffiti was captured in a now-famous photograph, in which a dog is urinating on the wall. Clapton is reported to have been embarrassed by the slogan, saying in his The South Bank Show
The South Bank Show
profile in 1987, "I never accepted that I was the greatest guitar player in the world. I always wanted to be the greatest guitar player in the world, but that's an ideal, and I accept it as an ideal".[27] Cream Main article: Cream (band) Clapton left the Bluesbreakers in July 1966 (replaced by Peter Green) and was invited by drummer Ginger Baker
Ginger Baker
to play in his newly formed band Cream, one of the earliest supergroups, with Jack Bruce
Jack Bruce
on bass (previously of the Bluesbreakers, the Graham Bond
Graham Bond
Organisation and Manfred Mann).[28] Before the formation of Cream, Clapton was not well known in the United States; he left the Yardbirds before "For Your Love" hit the U.S. Top Ten, and had yet to perform there.[29] During his time with Cream, Clapton began to develop as a singer, songwriter, and guitarist, though Bruce took most of the lead vocals and wrote the majority of the material with lyricist Pete Brown.[19] Cream's first gig was an unofficial performance at the Twisted Wheel Club in Manchester on 29 July 1966 before their full debut two nights later at the National Jazz and Blues
Blues
Festival in Windsor. Cream established its enduring legend with the high-volume blues jamming and extended solos of their live shows.

Clapton (right) with Cream

By early 1967, fans of the emerging blues-rock sound in Britain had begun to portray Clapton as Britain's top guitarist; however, he found himself rivalled by the emergence of Jimi Hendrix, an acid rock-infused guitarist who used wailing feedback and effects pedals to create new sounds for the instrument.[30] Hendrix attended a performance of the newly formed Cream at the Central London Polytechnic on 1 October 1966, during which he sat in on a double-timed version of "Killing Floor".[30] Top UK stars, including Clapton, Pete Townshend, members of the Rolling Stones, and the Beatles, avidly attended Hendrix's early club performances. Hendrix's arrival had an immediate and major effect on the next phase of Clapton's career.[31] Clapton first visited the United States while touring with Cream. In March 1967, Cream performed a nine-show stand at the RKO Theater in New York. They recorded Disraeli Gears
Disraeli Gears
in New York from 11–15 May 1967. Cream's repertoire varied from hard rock ("I Feel Free") to lengthy blues-based instrumental jams ("Spoonful"). Disraeli Gears featured Clapton's searing guitar lines, Bruce's soaring vocals and prominent, fluid bass playing, and Baker's powerful, polyrhythmic jazz-influenced drumming. Together, Cream's talents secured them as an influential power trio.

Clapton's The Fool guitar (replica shown), with its bright artwork and famous "woman tone", was symbolic of the 1960s psychedelic rock era.

In 28 months, Cream had become a commercial success, selling millions of records and playing throughout the U.S. and Europe. They redefined the instrumentalist's role in rock and were one of the first blues-rock bands to emphasise musical virtuosity and lengthy jazz-style improvisation sessions. Their US hit singles include "Sunshine of Your Love" (#5, 1968), "White Room" (#6, 1968) and "Crossroads" (#28, 1969) – a live version of Robert Johnson's "Cross Road Blues". Though Cream was hailed as one of the greatest groups of its day, and the adulation of Clapton as a guitar legend reached new heights, the supergroup was short-lived. Drug and alcohol use escalated tension between the three members, and conflicts between Bruce and Baker eventually led to Cream's demise. A strongly critical Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
review of a concert of the group's second headlining U.S. tour was another significant factor in the trio's demise, and it affected Clapton profoundly.[32] Cream's farewell album, Goodbye, featuring live performances recorded at The Forum, Los Angeles, 19 October 1968, was released shortly after Cream disbanded; it also featured the studio single "Badge", co-written by Clapton and George Harrison. Clapton met Harrison and became close friends with him after the Beatles shared a bill with the Clapton-era Yardbirds at the London Palladium. Clapton played the lead guitar solo on Harrison's "While My Guitar Gently Weeps" from the Beatles' White Album (1968). Harrison's debut solo album, Wonderwall Music, in 1968, became the first of many Harrison solo records to include Clapton on guitar. Clapton would go largely uncredited for his contributions to Harrison's albums due to contractual restraints, and Harrison was credited as "L'Angelo Misterioso" for his contributions to the song "Badge" on Goodbye. The pair would often play live together as each other's guest. A year after Harrison's death in 2001, Clapton was musical director for the Concert for George.[33] In January 1969, when the Beatles were recording/filming what became Let It Be, tensions became so acute that Harrison quit the group for several days, prompting the others to consider replacing him with Clapton, an idea that particularly appealed to John Lennon.[34] Michael Lindsay-Hogg, television director of the recording sessions for Let It Be, states, "I was there when John mentioned Clapton — but that wasn't going to happen. Would Eric have become a Beatle? No. Paul didn't want to go there. He didn't want them to break up. Then George came back."[35] Clapton was on good terms with all four of the Beatles; in December 1968 he had played with Lennon at The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus as part of the one-off group the Dirty Mac.[36] Cream briefly reunited in 1993 to perform at the ceremony inducting them into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame; a full reunion took place in May 2005, with Clapton, Bruce, and Baker playing four sold-out concerts at London's Royal Albert Hall,[37] and three shows at New York's Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden
that October.[38] Recordings from the London shows, Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall
London May 2-3-5-6, 2005, were released on CD, LP, and DVD
DVD
in September/December 2005.[39] Blind Faith, Delaney and Bonnie and Friends Main articles: Blind Faith
Blind Faith
and Delaney and Bonnie and Friends

Blind Faith
Blind Faith
in 1969, with Clapton standing far right

Clapton's next group, Blind Faith
Blind Faith
(1969), was composed of Cream drummer Ginger Baker, Steve Winwood
Steve Winwood
of Traffic, and Ric Grech
Ric Grech
of Family, and yielded one LP and one arena-circuit tour. The supergroup debuted before 100,000 fans in London's Hyde Park on 7 June 1969. They performed several dates in Scandinavia and began a sold-out American tour in July before their only album was released. The LP Blind Faith consisted of just six songs, one of them the hit "Can't Find My Way Home". The album's jacket image of a topless pubescent girl was deemed controversial in the United States and was replaced by a photograph of the band. Blind Faith
Blind Faith
dissolved after less than seven months. Clapton subsequently toured as a sideman for an act that had opened for Blind Faith, Delaney and Bonnie and Friends. He also played two dates as a member of the Plastic Ono Band
Plastic Ono Band
that autumn, including a recorded performance at the Toronto Rock and Roll Revival
Toronto Rock and Roll Revival
in September 1969 released as the album Live Peace in Toronto 1969.[40] On 30 September 1969, Clapton played lead guitar on Lennon's second solo single, "Cold Turkey".[41] On 15 December 1969 Clapton performed with Lennon, George Harrison, and others as the Plastic Ono Band
Plastic Ono Band
at a fundraiser for UNICEF
UNICEF
in London.[40] Delaney Bramlett
Delaney Bramlett
encouraged Clapton in his singing and writing. During the summer of 1969, Clapton and Bramlett contributed to the Music From Free Creek "supersession" project. Clapton, appearing as "King Cool" for contractual reasons, played with Dr. John
Dr. John
on three songs, joined by Bramlett on two tracks. Using the Bramletts' backing group and an all-star cast of session players (including Leon Russell
Leon Russell
and Stephen Stills), Clapton recorded his first solo album during two brief tour hiatuses, titled Eric Clapton. Delaney Bramlett
Delaney Bramlett
co-wrote six of the songs with Clapton, also producing the LP,[42] and Bonnie Bramlett co-wrote "Let It Rain".[43] The album yielded the unexpected US No. 18 hit, J. J. Cale's "After Midnight". Clapton also worked with much of Delaney and Bonnie's band to record George Harrison's All Things Must Pass in spring 1970. During this busy period, Clapton recorded with other artists including Dr. John, Leon Russell, Plastic Ono Band, Billy Preston, Ringo Starr
Ringo Starr
and Dave Mason. Other notable recordings from this period include Clapton's guitar work on "Go Back Home" from Stephen Stills' self-titled first solo album.[44] "Layla" and solo career Derek and the Dominos Main article: Derek and the Dominos With the intention of counteracting the "star" cult faction that had begun to form around him, Clapton assembled a new band composed of Delaney and Bonnie's former rhythm section, Bobby Whitlock
Bobby Whitlock
as keyboardist and vocalist, Carl Radle as the bassist, and drummer Jim Gordon, with Clapton playing guitar. It was his intention to show that he need not fill a starring role, and functioned well as a member of an ensemble.[45] During this period, Clapton was increasingly influenced by The Band
The Band
and their album Music from Big Pink, saying, "What I appreciated about the Band was that they were more concerned with songs and singing. They would have three- and four-part harmonies, and the guitar was put back into perspective as being accompaniment. That suited me well, because I had gotten so tired of the virtuosity—or pseudo-virtuosity—thing of long, boring guitar solos just because they were expected. The Band
The Band
brought things back into perspective. The priority was the song."[46]

Clapton (right) with Derek and the Dominos

The band was originally called " Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
and Friends". The name "Derek and the Dominos" was a fluke that occurred when the band's provisional name of "Del and the Dynamos" was misread as Derek and the Dominos.[47] Clapton's biography states that Tony Ashton of Ashton, Gardner and Dyke told Clapton to call the band "Del and the Dominos", since "Del" was his nickname for Eric Clapton. Del and Eric were combined and the final name became "Derek and the Dominos".[48] Clapton's close friendship with George Harrison
George Harrison
brought him into contact with Harrison's wife, Pattie Boyd, with whom he became deeply infatuated. When she spurned his advances, Clapton's unrequited affections prompted most of the material for the Dominos' album, Layla and Other Assorted Love Songs (1970). Heavily blues-influenced, the album features the twin lead guitars of Clapton and Duane Allman, with Allman's slide guitar as a key ingredient of the sound. Working at Criteria Studios
Criteria Studios
in Miami with Atlantic Records
Atlantic Records
producer Tom Dowd, who had worked with Clapton on Cream's Disraeli Gears, the band recorded a double album. The album features the hit love song "Layla", inspired by the classical poet of Persian literature, Nizami Ganjavi's The Story of Layla
Layla
and Majnun, a copy of which Ian Dallas
Ian Dallas
had given to Clapton. The book moved Clapton profoundly, as it was the tale of a young man who fell hopelessly in love with a beautiful, unavailable woman and who went crazy because he could not marry her.[49][50] The two parts of "Layla" were recorded in separate sessions: the opening guitar section was recorded first, and for the second section, laid down a few weeks later, drummer Jim Gordon played the piano part for the melody which he claimed to have written (though Bobby Whitlock
Bobby Whitlock
stated that Rita Coolidge wrote it).[48] The Layla
Layla
LP was actually recorded by a five-piece version of the group, thanks to the unforeseen inclusion of guitarist Duane Allman
Duane Allman
of the Allman Brothers Band. A few days into the Layla
Layla
sessions, Dowd—who was also producing the Allmans—invited Clapton to an Allman Brothers outdoor concert in Miami. The two guitarists met first on stage, then played all night in the studio, and became friends. Duane first added his slide guitar to "Tell the Truth" and "Nobody Knows You When You're Down and Out". In four days, the five-piece Dominos recorded "Key to the Highway", "Have You Ever Loved a Woman" (a blues standard popularised by Freddie King
Freddie King
and others), and "Why Does Love Got to be So Sad". In September, Duane briefly left the sessions for gigs with his own band, and the four-piece Dominos recorded "I Looked Away", "Bell Bottom Blues", and "Keep on Growing". Duane returned to record "I am Yours", "Anyday", and "It's Too Late". On 9 September, they recorded Hendrix's "Little Wing" and the title track. The following day, the final track, "It's Too Late", was recorded.[51]

Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
in Barcelona, 1974

Tragedy dogged the group throughout its brief career. During the sessions, Clapton was devastated by news of the death of Jimi Hendrix; eight days previously the band had cut a cover of "Little Wing" as a tribute to Hendrix. On 17 September 1970, one day before Hendrix's death, Clapton had purchased a left-handed Fender Stratocaster
Fender Stratocaster
that he had planned to give to Hendrix as a birthday gift. Adding to Clapton's woes, the Layla
Layla
album received only lukewarm reviews upon release. The shaken group undertook a US tour without Allman, who had returned to the Allman Brothers Band. Despite Clapton's later admission that the tour took place amidst a veritable blizzard of drugs and alcohol, it resulted in the live double album In Concert.[52] A second record was in the works when a clashing of egos took place and Clapton walked, thus disbanding the group. Allman was killed in a motorcycle accident on 29 October 1971. Clapton wrote later in his autobiography that he and Allman were inseparable during the sessions in Florida; he talked about Allman as the "musical brother I'd never had but wished I did".[53] Although Radle would remain Clapton's bass player until the summer of 1979 (Radle died in May 1980 from the effects of alcohol and narcotics), it would be 2003 before Clapton and Whitlock appeared together again (Clapton guested on Whitlock's appearance on the Later with Jools Holland
Later with Jools Holland
show). Another tragic footnote to the Dominos story was the fate of drummer Jim Gordon, who was an undiagnosed schizophrenic and years later murdered his mother during a psychotic episode. Gordon was confined to 16-years-to-life imprisonment, later being moved to a mental institution, where he remains today.[19] Personal challenges and early solo success Clapton's career successes in the 1970s were in stark contrast with the struggles he coped with in his personal life, which was troubled by romantic longings and drug and alcohol addiction.[54] He became infatuated with Pattie Boyd, who at the time was married to close friend George Harrison, and withdrew from recording and touring to isolation in his Surrey
Surrey
residence as the band broke up. There he nursed a heroin addiction, which resulted in a lengthy career hiatus interrupted only by the Concert for Bangladesh
Concert for Bangladesh
in August
August
1971 (where he passed out on stage, was revived, and managed to finish his performance).[19] In January 1973, the Who's Pete Townshend
Pete Townshend
organised a comeback concert for Clapton at London's Rainbow Theatre, aptly titled the "Rainbow Concert", to help Clapton kick his addiction. Clapton would return the favour by playing 'The Preacher' in Ken Russell's film version of the Who's Tommy in 1975; his appearance in the film (performing "Eyesight to the Blind") is notable as he is clearly wearing a fake beard in some shots, the result of deciding to shave off his real beard after the initial takes in an attempt to force the director to remove his earlier scene from the movie and leave the set.[48]

Yvonne Elliman
Yvonne Elliman
with Clapton promoting 461 Ocean Boulevard
461 Ocean Boulevard
in 1974

In 1974, Clapton started living with Pattie Boyd
Pattie Boyd
(they would not marry until 1979) and was no longer using heroin (although he gradually began to drink heavily). He assembled a low-key touring band that included Radle, Miami guitarist George Terry, keyboardist Dick Sims (who died in 2011[55]), drummer Jamie Oldaker, and vocalists Yvonne Elliman and Marcy Levy
Marcy Levy
(also known as Marcella Detroit). With this band Clapton recorded 461 Ocean Boulevard
461 Ocean Boulevard
(1974), an album with an emphasis on more compact songs and fewer guitar solos; the cover version of "I Shot the Sheriff" was Clapton's first number one hit and was important in bringing reggae and the music of Bob Marley
Bob Marley
to a wider audience. The 1975 album There's One in Every Crowd
There's One in Every Crowd
continued this trend. The album's original title, The World's Greatest Guitar Player (There's One in Every Crowd), was changed before pressing, as it was felt its ironic intention would be misunderstood. The band toured the world and subsequently released the 1975 live LP, E.C. Was Here.[56] Clapton continued to release albums and toured regularly. Highlights of the period include No Reason to Cry
No Reason to Cry
(a collaboration with Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
and The Band); Slowhand, which featured "Wonderful Tonight" and a second J. J. Cale
J. J. Cale
cover, "Cocaine". In 1976 he performed as one of a string of notable guests at the farewell performance of The Band, filmed in a Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
documentary called The Last Waltz.[57] Continued success

A seven-times Platinum RIAA certification for the album Timepieces: The Best of Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
(1982)

In 1981 Clapton was invited by producer Martin Lewis to appear at the Amnesty International
Amnesty International
benefit The Secret Policeman's Other Ball in London. Clapton accepted the invitation and teamed up with Jeff Beck to perform a series of duets—reportedly their first ever billed stage collaboration. Three of the performances were released on the album of the show, and one of the songs was featured in the film. The performances at London's Drury Lane theatre
Drury Lane theatre
heralded a return to form and prominence for Clapton in the new decade. Many factors had influenced Clapton's comeback, including his "deepening commitment to Christianity", to which he had converted prior to his heroin addiction.[58][59][60] After calling his manager and admitting he was an alcoholic, Clapton flew to Minneapolis–Saint Paul
Minneapolis–Saint Paul
in January 1982 and checked in at Hazelden Treatment Center, located in Center City, Minnesota. On the flight over, Clapton indulged in a large number of drinks, for fear he would never be able to drink again. Clapton wrote in his autobiography:[61]

In the lowest moments of my life, the only reason I didn't commit suicide was that I knew I wouldn't be able to drink any more if I was dead. It was the only thing I thought was worth living for, and the idea that people were about to try and remove me from alcohol was so terrible that I drank and drank and drank, and they had to practically carry me into the clinic.

Tina Turner
Tina Turner
and Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
at Wembley Arena, 18 June 1987

After being discharged, it was recommended by doctors of Hazelden that Clapton not partake in any activities that would act as triggers for his alcoholism or stress. A few months after his discharge, Clapton began working on his next album, against doctors' orders. Working with Tom Dowd, he produced what he thought as his "most forced" album to date, Money and Cigarettes. Clapton chose the name of the album "because that's all I saw myself having left" after his first rehabilitation from alcoholism.[62] In 1984 he performed on former Pink Floyd
Pink Floyd
member Roger Waters' solo album, The Pros and Cons of Hitch Hiking, and joined the supporting tour. Since then Waters and Clapton have had a close relationship. In 2005 they performed together for the Tsunami Relief Fund. In 2006 they performed at the Highclere Castle, in aid of the Countryside Alliance, playing two set pieces of "Wish You Were Here" and "Comfortably Numb". Clapton, now a seasoned charity performer, played at the Live Aid concert on 13 July 1985.[63] When offered a slot close to peak viewing hours, he was apparently flattered. As Clapton recovered from his addictions, his album output continued in the 1980s, including two produced with Phil Collins, 1985's Behind the Sun, which produced the hits "Forever Man" and "She's Waiting", and 1986's August.[64]

George Harrison
George Harrison
and Clapton at the Prince's Trust
Prince's Trust
Concert, Wembley Arena, London, 1987

August
August
was suffused with Collins's trademark drum and horn sound, and became Clapton's biggest seller in the UK to date, matching his highest chart position, number 3. The album's first track, the hit "It's in the Way That You Use It", was featured in the Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
Paul Newman
Paul Newman
movie The Color of Money. The horn-peppered "Run" echoed Collins' "Sussudio" and other work, while "Tearing Us Apart" (with Tina Turner) and "Miss You" continued Clapton's more angry sound. This rebound kicked off Clapton's two-year period of touring with Collins and their August
August
collaborators, bassist Nathan East
Nathan East
and keyboard player/songwriter Greg Phillinganes. While on tour for August, two concert videos were recorded of the four-man band, Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
Live from Montreux and Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
and Friends. Clapton later remade "After Midnight" as a single and a promotional track for the Michelob beer brand, which had also used earlier songs by Collins and Steve Winwood. Clapton won a British Academy Television Award
British Academy Television Award
for his collaboration with Michael Kamen
Michael Kamen
on the score for the 1985 BBC Television thriller serial Edge of Darkness. In 1989, Clapton released Journeyman, an album which covered a wide range of styles including blues, jazz, soul and pop. Collaborators included George Harrison, Phil Collins, Daryl Hall, Chaka Khan, Mick Jones, David Sanborn
David Sanborn
and Robert Cray. At the 1987 Brit Awards
Brit Awards
in London, Clapton was awarded the prize for Outstanding Contribution to Music.[9] Clapton would also get together with the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
for charity. The supergroup called itself The Bunburys, and recorded a charity album with the proceeds going to the Bunbury Cricket Club in Cheshire, which plays exhibition cricket matches to raise money for nonprofit organisations in England. The Bunburys
The Bunburys
recorded three songs for The Bunbury Tails: “We’re the Bunburys”, “Bunbury Afternoon”, and “Fight (No Matter How Long)”. The last song also appeared on The 1988 Summer Olympics Album, and went to #8 on the rock music chart.[65] Clapton also played at the cricket club's 25th anniversary celebrations in 2011 which was held at London's Grosvenor House Hotel.[66] Tragedy, healing and resurgence The 1990s brought a series of 32 concerts to the Royal Albert Hall, such as the 24 Nights
24 Nights
series of concerts that took place around January through February 1990, and February to March 1991. On 27 August
August
1990, fellow blues guitarist Stevie Ray Vaughan, who was touring with Clapton, and three members of their road crew were killed in a helicopter crash between concerts. Then, on 20 March 1991, Clapton's four-year-old son, Conor, died after falling from the 53rd-floor window of his mother's friend's New York City
New York City
apartment at 117 East 57th Street. Conor's funeral took place on 28 March at St Mary Magdalene's Church in Clapton's home village in Ripley, Surrey.[67]

I almost subconsciously used music for myself as a healing agent, and lo and behold, it worked... I have got a great deal of happiness and a great deal of healing from music.

—Clapton on the healing process in writing "Tears in Heaven".[68]

Clapton's grief was expressed in the song "Tears in Heaven", which was co-written by Will Jennings.[69][70] At the 35th Annual Grammy Awards, Clapton received six Grammys for the single "Tears in Heaven" and his Unplugged album.[71] Unplugged features Clapton performing live in front of a small audience on 16 January 1992 at Bray Film Studios in Windsor, Berkshire, England. The album reached number one on the Billboard 200, and is certified Diamond by the RIAA for selling over 10 million copies in the US.[72] It reached number two in the UK Albums Chart and is certified four times platinum in the UK.[73] On 9 September 1992, Clapton performed "Tears in Heaven" at the 1992 MTV Video Music Awards, and won the award for Best Male Video.[74][75] In 1992 he received the Ivor Novello Award
Ivor Novello Award
for Lifetime Achievement from the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors.[76] In October 1992 Clapton was among the dozens of artists performing at Bob Dylan's 30th Anniversary Concert Celebration. Recorded at Madison Square Garden in New York City, the live two-disk CD/ DVD
DVD
captured a show full of celebrities performing classic Dylan songs, with Clapton playing the lead on a nearly 7-minute version of Dylan's "Knockin' on Heaven's Door" as part of the finale.[77] While Unplugged featured Clapton playing acoustic guitar, his 1994 album From the Cradle contained new versions of old blues standards, highlighted by his electric guitar playing.[78] In 1995, Clapton for the first and only time featured on a UK No. 1 single, collaborating with Chrissie Hynde, Cher
Cher
and Neneh Cherry
Neneh Cherry
on a solo to a cover of "Love Can Build a Bridge" released in aid of the British charity telethon Comic Relief.[79] Clapton's 1996 recording of the Wayne Kirkpatrick/Gordon Kennedy/Tommy Sims tune "Change the World" (featured in the soundtrack of the film Phenomenon) won the Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Song of the Year in 1997, the same year he recorded Retail Therapy (an album of electronic music with Simon Climie
Simon Climie
under the pseudonym TDF). On 15 September 1997, Clapton appeared at the Music for Montserrat concert at the Royal Albert Hall, London, performing "Layla" and "Same Old Blues" before finishing with "Hey Jude" alongside fellow English artists Paul McCartney, Elton John, Phil Collins, Mark Knopfler
Mark Knopfler
and Sting.[80] That autumn, Clapton released the album Pilgrim, the first record featuring new material for almost a decade.[60] In 1996 Clapton had a relationship with singer-songwriter Sheryl Crow. They remain friends, and Clapton appeared as a guest on Crow's Central Park Concert. The duo performed a Cream hit single, "White Room". Later, Clapton and Crow performed an alternate version of "Tulsa Time" with other guitar legends at the Crossroads Guitar Festival
Crossroads Guitar Festival
in June 2007 as well as Robert Johnson's blues classic "Crossroads" at London's Hyde Park in August
August
2008 with John Mayer
John Mayer
and Robert Randolph. In 1998 Clapton, then 53, met 22-year-old administrative assistant Melia McEnery in Columbus, Ohio, at a party given for him after a performance. He quietly dated her for a year, and went public with the relationship in 1999. They married on 1 January 2001 at St Mary Magdalene church in Clapton's birthplace, Ripley. They have three daughters, Julie Rose (13 June 2001), Ella May (14 January 2003), and Sophie Belle (1 February 2005). At the 41st Annual Grammy Awards
Grammy Awards
on 24 February 1999, Clapton received his third Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance, for his song "My Father's Eyes".[81] In October 1999, the compilation album, Clapton Chronicles: The Best of Eric Clapton, was released, which contained a new song, "Blue Eyes Blue", that also appears in soundtrack for the film, Runaway Bride.[82][83] Clapton finished the twentieth century with collaborations with Carlos Santana
Carlos Santana
and B.B. King. Collaboration albums

Clapton performing for Tsunami Relief Cardiff
Tsunami Relief Cardiff
at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff, Wales on 22 January 2005

Following the release of the 2001 record Reptile, in June 2002, Clapton performed "Layla" and "While My Guitar Gently Weeps" at the Party at the Palace
Party at the Palace
concert in the grounds of Buckingham Palace.[84] On 29 November 2002, the Concert for George was held at the Royal Albert Hall, a tribute to George Harrison, who had died a year earlier of lung cancer.[85] Clapton was a performer and the musical director. The concert featured Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr, Jeff Lynne, Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers, Ravi Shankar, Gary Brooker, Billy Preston, Joe Brown and Dhani Harrison.[85] In 2004, Clapton released two albums of covers of songs by bluesman Robert Johnson, Me and Mr. Johnson and Sessions for Robert J. Guitarist Doyle Bramhall II
Doyle Bramhall II
worked on the album with Clapton (after opening Clapton's 2001 tour with his band Smokestack) and would join him on his 2004 tour. In 2004, Rolling Stone ranked Clapton No. 53 on their list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time".[86]

Clapton performing at the Ahoy Arena of Rotterdam on 1 June 2006

On 22 January 2005, Clapton performed in the Tsunami Relief Concert held at the Millennium Stadium
Millennium Stadium
in Cardiff, in aid of the victims of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. In May 2005 Eric Clapton, Jack Bruce, and Ginger Baker
Ginger Baker
reunited as Cream for a series of concerts at the Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall
in London. Concert recordings were released on CD and DVD. Later, Cream performed in New York at Madison Square Garden. Back Home, Clapton's first album of new original material in nearly five years, was released on Reprise Records
Reprise Records
on 30 August. A collaboration with guitarist J. J. Cale, titled The Road to Escondido, was released on 7 November 2006, featuring Derek Trucks
Derek Trucks
and Billy Preston
Billy Preston
(Preston had also been a part of Clapton's 2004 touring band). The 14-track CD was produced and recorded by the duo in August 2005 in California. He invited Trucks to join his band for his 2006–2007 world tour. Bramhall remained in the band as well, giving Clapton three elite guitarists in his band and thus allowing him to revisit many Derek and the Dominos
Derek and the Dominos
songs that he hadn't played in decades. Trucks became the third member of the Allman Brothers Band to tour supporting Clapton, the second being pianist/keyboardist Chuck Leavell, who appeared on the MTV Unplugged
MTV Unplugged
album and the 24 Nights performances at the Royal Albert Hall, London in 1990 and 1991, as well as Clapton's 1992 US tour.[87] On 20 May 2006, Clapton performed with Queen drummer Roger Taylor and former Pink Floyd
Pink Floyd
bassist/songwriter Roger Waters
Roger Waters
at Highclere Castle, Hampshire, in support of the Countryside Alliance
Countryside Alliance
which promotes issues relating to the British countryside.[88] On 13 August
August
2006, Clapton made a guest appearance at the Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
concert in Columbus, Ohio, playing guitar on three songs in Jimmie Vaughan's opening act.[89] The chemistry between Trucks and Clapton convinced him to invite the Derek Trucks
Derek Trucks
Band to open for Clapton's set at his 2007 Crossroads Guitar Festival. Trucks remained on set afterward and performed with Clapton's band throughout his performances. The rights to Clapton's official memoirs, written by Christopher Simon Sykes and published in 2007, were sold at the 2005 Frankfurt Book Fair
Frankfurt Book Fair
for US$4 million.[90] On 26 February 2008, it was reported that North Korean officials had invited Clapton to play a concert in the communist state.[91] Clapton's management received the invitation and passed it on to the singer, who agreed in principle and suggested it take place sometime in 2009.[92] Kristen Foster, a spokesperson, said, "Eric Clapton receives numerous offers to play in countries around the world", and "[t]here is no agreement whatsoever for him to play in North Korea".[93]

Clapton (left) and actor Bill Murray
Bill Murray
kicking off the Crossroads Guitar Festival, Illinois on 27 July 2007

In 2007 Clapton learned more about his father, a Canadian soldier who left the UK after the war. Although Clapton's grandparents eventually told him the truth about his parentage, he only knew that his father's name was Edward Fryer. This was a source of disquiet for Clapton, as witnessed by his 1998 song "My Father's Eyes". A Montreal
Montreal
journalist named Michael Woloschuk researched Canadian Armed Forces service records and tracked down members of Fryer's family, and finally pieced together the story. He learned that Clapton's father was Edward Walter Fryer, born 21 March 1920, in Montreal
Montreal
and died 15 May 1985 in Newmarket, Ontario. Fryer was a musician (piano and saxophone) and a lifelong drifter who was married several times, had several children, and apparently never knew that he was the father of Eric Clapton.[94] Clapton thanked Woloschuk in an encounter at Macdonald Cartier Airport, in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.[95] In February 2008 Clapton performed with his long-time friend Steve Winwood at Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden
and guested on his recorded single, "Dirty City", on Winwood's album Nine Lives. The two former Blind Faith bandmates met again for a series of 14 concerts throughout the United States in June 2009. Clapton's 2008 Summer Tour began on 3 May at the Ford Amphitheatre, Tampa, Florida, and then moved to Canada, Ireland, England, Norway, Iceland, Denmark, Poland, Germany, and Monaco. On 28 June 2008, he headlined Saturday night for Hard Rock Calling 2008 in London's Hyde Park (previously Hyde Park Calling) with support from Sheryl Crow
Sheryl Crow
and John Mayer.[96][97] In September 2008 Clapton performed at a private charity fundraiser for The Countryside Alliance at Floridita in Soho, London, that included such guests as the London Mayor Boris Johnson.

Clapton (right) performing with the Allman Brothers Band at the Beacon Theatre, New York City
New York City
in March 2009

In March 2009, the Allman Brothers Band (amongst many notable guests) celebrated their 40th year, dedicating their string of concerts to the late Duane Allman
Duane Allman
on their annual run at the Beacon Theatre. Eric Clapton was one of the performers, with drummer Butch Trucks
Butch Trucks
remarking that the performance was not the typical Allman Brothers experience, given the number and musical styles of the guests who were invited to perform. Songs like "In Memory of Elizabeth Reed" were punctuated with others, including "The Weight", with Levon Helm; Johnny Winter
Johnny Winter
sitting in on Hendrix's "Red House"; and "Layla". On 4 May 2009 Clapton appeared as a featured guest at the Royal Albert Hall, playing "Further on Up the Road" with Joe Bonamassa. Clapton was scheduled to be one of the performers at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 25th anniversary concert in Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden
on 30 October 2009, but cancelled due to gallstone surgery.[98] Van Morrison (who also cancelled)[99] said in an interview that he and Clapton were to do a "couple of songs", but that they would do something else together at "some other stage of the game".[100] Clapton, Old Sock
Old Sock
and I Still Do

Clapton performing in Munich, Germany on 5 June 2010

Clapton performed a two-night show with Jeff Beck
Jeff Beck
at London's O2 Arena on 13–14 February 2010.[101] The two former Yardbirds extended their 2010 tour with stops at Madison Square Garden,[102] the Air Canada Centre in Toronto, and the Bell Centre
Bell Centre
in Montreal.[103] Clapton performed a series of concerts in 11 cities throughout the United States from 25 February to 13 March 2010, including Roger Daltrey
Roger Daltrey
as opening act. His third European tour with Steve Winwood
Steve Winwood
began on 18 May and ended 13 June, including Tom Norris as opening act. He then began a short North American tour lasting from 26 June to 3 July, starting with his third Crossroads Guitar Festival
Crossroads Guitar Festival
on 26 June at Toyota Park in Bridgeview, Illinois. Clapton released a new studio album, Clapton, on 27 September 2010 in the United Kingdom and 28 September 2010 in the United States. On 17 November 2010, Clapton performed as guest on the Prince's Trust
Prince's Trust
rock gala held at the Royal Albert Hall, supported by the house band for the evening, which included Jools Holland, Midge Ure
Midge Ure
and Mark King.[104]

Clapton, Keb' Mo'
Keb' Mo'
and Buddy Guy
Buddy Guy
at the Crossroads Guitar Festival
Crossroads Guitar Festival
on 26 June 2010

On 24 June 2011, Clapton was in concert with Pino Daniele in Cava de' Tirreni stadium before performing a series of concerts in South America from 6 to 16 October 2011. He spent November and December 2011 touring Japan with Steve Winwood, playing 13 shows in various cities throughout the country. On 24 February 2012 Clapton, Keith Richards, Gary Clark Jr., Derek Trucks, Doyle Bramhall II, Kim Wilson
Kim Wilson
and other artists performed together in the Howlin' For Hubert Tribute concert held at the Apollo Theater
Apollo Theater
of New York honouring blues guitarist Hubert Sumlin
Hubert Sumlin
who died at age 80 on 4 December 2011. On 29 November 2012, Clapton joined The Rolling Stones
Rolling Stones
at London's O2 Arena during the band's second of five arena dates celebrating their 50th anniversary.[105] On 12 December, Clapton performed The Concert for Sandy Relief at Madison Square Garden, broadcast live via television, radio, cinemas and the Internet across six continents.[106] In January 2013, Surfdog Records announced a signed deal with Clapton for the release of his forthcoming album Old Sock
Old Sock
on 12 March. On 8 April 2013, Eric and Hard Rock International launched the limited-edition Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
Artist Spotlight merchandise programme benefiting Crossroads Centre Antigua.[107] Clapton toured the US and Europe from 14 March to 19 June 2013 to celebrate 50 years as a professional musician.[108] On 28 February 2013, Clapton announced his intention to stop touring in 2015 due to hassles with travel.[109][110]

Clapton in Prague, June 2013, during his 50th Celebration World Tour

On 15 October 2013, Clapton's popular Unplugged album and concert DVD were re-released, titled Unplugged: Expanded & Remastered. The album includes the original 14 tracks, remastered, as well as 6 additional tracks, including 2 versions of "My Father's Eyes". The DVD includes a restored version of the concert, as well as over 60 minutes of unseen footage from the rehearsal. On 13 and 14 November 2013, Clapton headlined the final two evenings of the "Baloise Sessions", an annual indoor music festival in Basel, Switzerland. On 20 November 2013, Warner Bros released Crossroads Guitar Festival
Crossroads Guitar Festival
2013 in CD/DVD/Blu-ray. On 30 April 2014, Clapton announced the release of The Breeze: An Appreciation of JJ Cale as an homage to J. J. Cale
J. J. Cale
who died on 26 July 2013. This tribute album is named after the 1972 single "Call Me the Breeze" and features 16 Cale songs performed by Clapton, Mark Knopfler, John Mayer, Willie Nelson, Tom Petty
Tom Petty
and others.[111] On 21 June 2014, Clapton abruptly walked off stage during a concert at the Glasgow Hydro. Although he did return to perform one final song, thousands of fans were upset by the lack of explanation from Clapton or the venue and booed after the concert ended around 40 minutes before advertised to finish. Both Clapton and the venue apologised the next day, blaming 'technical difficulties' for making sound conditions 'unbearable' for Clapton on stage.[112][113][114] A week later he confirmed his retirement plans attributing his decision to the road being "unbearable" in addition to "odd ailments" that may force him to put down his guitar permanently.[115] In a 2016 interview with Classic Rock magazine, Clapton revealed that he had been diagnosed with peripheral neuropathy in 2013, a condition which refers to damage in one's peripheral nerves and often results in stabbing, burning or tingling pain in the arms and legs.[116] Clapton performed two shows at Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden
in New York on 1 and 3 May 2015 followed by a 7-night residency at London's Royal Albert Hall from 14 to 23 May 2015 to celebrate his 70th birthday on 30 March.[20] The shows also mark 50 years since Clapton first played at the Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall
– his debut was on 7 December 1964 when he performed as part of The Yardbirds
The Yardbirds
for the BBC's Top Beat Show.[20] The concert film, Slowhand
Slowhand
at 70 – Live at the Royal Albert Hall, was released by Eagle Rock Entertainment on 13 November 2015 on DVD, CD, Blu-Ray
Blu-Ray
and LP.[117] The 2-night concerts in the US marked the 46th anniversary since Clapton, with Cream, opened the "new" Madison Square Garden on 2 November 1968. Clapton has performed more times at Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden
than any other US venue, a total of 45 times.[118] On 20 May 2016, Clapton released his twenty-third studio album I Still Do. On 30 September 2016 the live-album Live in San Diego was released.[119] Influences Clapton cites Muddy Waters, Freddie King, B.B. King, Albert King, Buddy Guy, and Hubert Sumlin
Hubert Sumlin
as guitar playing influences. Clapton stated blues musician Robert Johnson
Robert Johnson
to be his single most important influence. In 2004 Clapton released CDs and DVDs entitled Sessions for Robert Johnson, featuring covers of Robert Johnson
Robert Johnson
songs using electric and acoustic guitars.[120] Clapton co-authored with others the book Discovering Robert Johnson, in which Clapton said Johnson was:

...the most important blues musician who ever lived. He was true, absolutely, to his own vision, and as deep as I have gotten into the music over the last 30 years, I have never found anything more deeply soulful than Robert Johnson. His music remains the most powerful cry that I think you can find in the human voice, really. ... it seemed to echo something I had always felt.[121]

Clapton also singled out Buddy Holly
Buddy Holly
as an influence. The Chirping Crickets was the first album Clapton ever bought; he later saw Holly on Sunday Night at the London Palladium.[122] In his autobiography, Clapton recounted the first time he saw Holly and his Fender, saying, "I thought I'd died and gone to heaven ... it was like seeing an instrument from outer space and I said to myself: 'That's the future – that's what I want'".[122] Legacy

Clapton's handprints (far right) with other members of the Yardbirds at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame

Clapton has been referred to as one of the most important and influential guitarists of all time.[1][123][124][125] Clapton is the only three-time inductee to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame: once as a solo artist, and separately as a member of the Yardbirds and Cream.[5] He ranked second in Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
magazine's list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time"[2] and fourth in Gibson's Top 50 Guitarists of All Time.[3] In 2011, The Guardian
The Guardian
attributed the creation of the cult of the guitar hero to Clapton, ranking it number seven on their list of the 50 key events in rock music history;

Nothing is more central to rock mythology than the cult of the lead guitarist. And no one did more to create that cult than Eric Clapton. He had already been a member of the Yardbirds before joining John Mayall's Bluesbreakers, the clearing house for guitarists, in April 1965. His two stints with Mayall saw his reputation grow to the extent that a famous graffito captured the popular appraisal of him among rock fans: "Clapton is God".[126]

In 2012, Clapton was among the British cultural icons selected by artist Sir Peter Blake to appear in a new version of his most famous artwork – the Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
album cover – to celebrate the British cultural figures of his life that he most admires to mark his 80th birthday.[127] Guitars

Clapton on the There's One in Every Crowd
There's One in Every Crowd
Tour, with "Blackie" on 15 August
August
1975

Clapton's choice of electric guitars has been as notable as the man himself; like Hank Marvin, the Beatles and Jimi Hendrix, Clapton exerted a crucial and widespread influence in popularising particular models of electric guitar.[128] With the Yardbirds, Clapton played a Fender Telecaster, a Fender Jazzmaster, a double-cutaway Gretsch 6120, and a 1964 Cherry-Red Gibson ES-335. He became exclusively a Gibson player for a period beginning in mid-1965, when he purchased a used sunburst Gibson Les Paul
Gibson Les Paul
guitar from a guitar store in London. Clapton commented on the slim profile of the neck, which would indicate it was a 1960 model.[129] Early during his stint in Cream, Clapton's first Les Paul Standard was stolen. He continued to play Les Pauls exclusively with Cream (one bought from Andy Summers
Andy Summers
was almost identical to the stolen guitar)[130] until 1967, when he acquired his most famous guitar in this period, a 1964 Gibson SG, dubbed "the Fool".[131] Clapton used both the Les Paul and the SG to create his self-described "woman tone".[132] He explained in a 1967 interview, "I am playing more smoothly now. I’m developing what I call my 'woman tone.' It's a sweet sound, something like the solo on 'I Feel Free'."[132] Writer Michael Dregni describes it as "thick yet piercing, overdriven yet smooth, distorted yet creamy".[133] The tone is achieved by a combination of tone control settings on the guitars and Clapton's Marshall JTM45 amplifier.[134] Vintage Guitar magazine identifies "the opening riff and solo of 'Sunshine of Your Love' are arguably the best illustrations of full-blown woman tone".[132] Clapton's "Fool" acquired its name from its distinctive psychedelic paint job, created by the visual art collective also known as the Fool (just before Cream's first US appearance in 1967, Clapton's SG, Bruce's Fender VI, and Baker's drum head were all repainted in psychedelic designs).

Clapton with Blackie while on tour in the Netherlands, 1978. Clapton recorded hits such as "Cocaine", "I Shot the Sheriff", "Wonderful Tonight", "Farther Up the Road" and "Lay Down Sally" on Blackie

In 1968 Clapton bought a Gibson Firebird
Gibson Firebird
and started using the 1964 Cherry-Red Gibson ES-335 again.[131] The aforementioned 1964 ES-335 had a storied career. Clapton used it at the last Cream show in November 1968 as well as with Blind Faith, played it sparingly for slide pieces in the 1970s, used it on "Hard Times" from Journeyman, the Hyde Park live concert of 1996, and the From the Cradle
From the Cradle
sessions and tour of 1994–95. It was sold for US$847,500 at a 2004 auction.[135] Gibson produced a limited run of 250 "Crossroads 335" replicas. The 335 was only the second electric guitar Clapton bought.[136] In July 1968 Clapton gave George Harrison
George Harrison
a 1957 'goldtop' Gibson Les Paul that been refinished with a red colour, nicknamed Lucy. The following September, Clapton played the guitar on the Beatles' recording of "While My Guitar Gently Weeps". Lucy was stolen from Harrison, though later tracked down and returned to him - he lent it to Clapton for his 1973 comeback concert at the Rainbow. His SG found its way into the hands of George Harrison's friend Jackie Lomax, who subsequently sold it to musician Todd Rundgren
Todd Rundgren
for US$500 in 1972. Rundgren restored the guitar and nicknamed it "Sunny", after "Sunshine of Your Love". He retained it until 2000, when he sold it at an auction for US$150,000.[131] At the 1969 Blind Faith
Blind Faith
concert in Hyde Park, London Clapton played a Fender Custom Telecaster, which was fitted with "Brownie"'s neck.

Clapton's Lead II Fender, the first ever piece of memorabilia donated to the Hard Rock Cafe, London in 1979

In late 1969 Clapton made the switch to the Fender Stratocaster. "I had a lot of influences when I took up the Strat. First there was Buddy Holly, and Buddy Guy. Hank Marvin
Hank Marvin
was the first well known person over here in England who was using one, but that wasn't really my kind of music. Steve Winwood
Steve Winwood
had so much credibility, and when he started playing one, I thought, oh, if he can do it, I can do it".[137] The first—used during the recording of Eric Clapton—was "Brownie", which in 1973 became the backup to the most famous of all Clapton's guitars, "Blackie". In November 1970 Eric bought six Fender Stratocasters from the Sho-bud guitar shop in Nashville, Tennessee while on tour with the Dominos. He gave one each to George Harrison, Steve Winwood, and Pete Townshend. Clapton assembled the best components of the remaining three to create "Blackie", which was his favourite stage guitar until its retirement in 1985. It was first played live 13 January 1973 at the Rainbow Concert.[138] Clapton called the 1956/57 Strat a "mongrel".[139] On 24 June 2004, Clapton sold "Blackie" at Christie's
Christie's
Auction House, New York, for US$959,500 to raise funds for his Crossroads Centre for drug and alcohol addictions.[140] "Brownie" is now on display at the Experience Music Project.[141] The Fender Custom Shop
Fender Custom Shop
has since produced a limited run of 275 'Blackie' replicas, correct in every detail right down to the 'Duck Brothers' flight case, and artificially aged using Fender's 'Relic' process to simulate years of hard wear. One was presented to Clapton upon the model's release and was used for three numbers during a concert at the Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall
on 17 May 2006.[142] In 1979 Clapton gave his signed Fender Lead II guitar to the Hard Rock Cafe
Hard Rock Cafe
in London to designate his favourite bar stool. Pete Townshend
Pete Townshend
also donated his own Gibson Les Paul
Gibson Les Paul
guitar, with a note attached: "Mine's as good as his! Love, Pete".[143]

Clapton playing an Eric Clapton Stratocaster
Eric Clapton Stratocaster
at the Hard Rock Calling concert in Hyde Park, London
Hyde Park, London
in 2008

Signature guitars in Clapton's honour are made by Fender and C.F. Martin & Company. In 1988 Fender introduction his signature Eric Clapton Stratocaster.[144] Several signature-model 000-sized acoustic guitars made by Martin. The first, of these, introduced in 1995, was a limited edition 000-42EC Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
signature model with a production run of 461. For the single "Change the World" (1996) and the album Pilgrim (1998) he used a Martin 000-28 EC Eric Clapton signature model, which he subsequently gave to guitarist Paul Wassif.[145] His 1939 000-42 Martin that he played on the Unplugged album sold for US$791,500 at auction.[135] In 1999, Clapton auctioned off some of his guitar collection to raise more than US$5 million for continuing support of the Crossroads Centre in Antigua, which he founded in 1997.[140] In 2004 Clapton organised and participated in the Crossroads Guitar Festival
Crossroads Guitar Festival
to benefit the centre. A second guitar auction, including the "Cream" of Clapton's collection – as well as guitars donated by famous friends – was held on 24 June 2004.[140] His Lowden acoustic guitar sold for US$41,825. The revenue garnered by this auction at Christie's
Christie's
was US$7,438,624.[135] In 2010 Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
announced that he would be auctioning off over 150 items at a New York auction in 2011 with proceeds to go to his Crossroads Centre drug and rehabilitation centre in Antigua. Items included Clapton's guitar from the Cream reunion tour in 2005, speaker cabinets used in the early 1970s from his days with Derek and the Dominos, and some guitars from Jeff Beck, J. J. Cale, and Joe Bonamassa.[146] In March 2011 Clapton raised more than US$2.15 million when he auctioned off key items, including a 1984 Gibson hollow body guitar, a Gianni Versace
Gianni Versace
suit from his 1990 concert at the Royal Albert Hall, and a replica of the famous Fender Stratocaster
Fender Stratocaster
known as "Blackie", which fetched more than $30,000. All proceeds again went to Crossroads. Clapton uses Ernie Ball
Ernie Ball
Slinky and Super Slinky strings, gauge .10 to.46.[147] His guitar technician for over thirty years was Lee Dickson.[148] Other media appearances

Clapton's handprints in Hollywood, California

Clapton frequently appears as a guest on the albums of other musicians. He played lead guitar and synthesiser on The Pros and Cons of Hitch Hiking, Roger Waters' debut solo album. Other media appearances include the Toots & the Maytals Grammy award-winning[149] album True Love, where he played guitar on the track "Pressure Drop". He played on Paul Brady's 1985 album Back to the Centre on the track "Deep in your Heart". He can also be heard at the beginning of Frank Zappa's album, We're Only in It for the Money, repeating the phrase, "Are you hung up?" over and over again. In 1985, Clapton appeared on the charity concert Live Aid
Live Aid
in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
with Phil Collins, Tim Renwick, Chris Stainton, Jamie Oldaker, Marcy Levy, Shaun Murphy, and Donald 'Duck' Dunn. In 1988 he played with Dire Straits and Elton John
Elton John
at the Nelson Mandela 70th Birthday Tribute at Wembley Stadium and the Prince's Trust
Prince's Trust
rock gala at the Royal Albert Hall.[150] On 30 June 1990, Dire Straits, Clapton and Elton John
Elton John
made a guest appearance in the Nordoff-Robbins charity show held at Knebworth in England.[151] In 1991 Clapton was featured on Richie Sambora's album, Stranger in This Town, in a song dedicated to him, called "Mr. Bluesman". He contributed guitar and vocals to "Runaway Train", a duet with Elton John
Elton John
on the latter's The One album the following year.[152] On 12 September 1996 Clapton played a party for Armani
Armani
at New York City's Lexington Armory with Greg Phillinganes, Nathan East
Nathan East
and Steve Gadd. Sheryl Crow
Sheryl Crow
appeared on one number, performing "Tearing Us Apart", a track from August, which was first performed by Tina Turner during the Prince's Trust
Prince's Trust
All-Star Rock show in 1986. It was Clapton's sole US appearance that year, following the open-air concert held at Hyde Park.[153] The concert was taped and the footage was released both on VHS video cassette and later, on DVD.[153] Clapton was featured in the movie version of Tommy, the first full length rock opera, written by the Who. The movie version gave Clapton a cameo appearance as the Preacher, performing Sonny Boy Williamson's song, "Eyesight to the Blind". He appeared in Blues
Blues
Brothers 2000 as one of the Louisiana Gator Boys. In addition to being in the band, he had a small speaking role. Clapton has appeared in an advertisement for the Mercedes-Benz G-Wagen. In March 2007 Clapton appeared in an advertisement[154] for RealNetwork's Rhapsody online music service. In 2010 Clapton started appearing as a spokesman for T-Mobile, advertising their MyTouch Fender cell phone. Clapton also appeared in the 2011 BBC
BBC
documentary Reggae
Reggae
Got Soul: The Story of Toots and the Maytals which was described as "The untold story of one of the most influential artists ever to come out of Jamaica."[155] When asked to describe God by their minister, the characters Eric Forman and Steven Hyde
Steven Hyde
both drew an image of Clapton in the episode "Holy Crap!" of season two of That '70s Show.[156] Clapton appeared on the BBC's Top Gear in 2013, during Series 19 Episode 4 and was involved in testing the new Kia Cee'd. He was called upon to test the Cee'd's auxiliary input, which he tested by plugging in one of his guitars and playing several bars of his most famous hits. He was introduced by Top Gear host Jeremy Clarkson
Jeremy Clarkson
as a "local guitarist".[157] In 2017, a documentary film titled Eric Clapton: Life in 12 Bars was directed by Lili Fini Zanuck.[158] Clapton wrote the film score for Zanuck's 1991 film Rush and the two remained friends.[158] In an interview for BBC
BBC
News, Zanuck said that Clapton only agreed to participate if she directed it:

"I think this got made because Eric was in the right mood. He's an incredibly private man and despite his immense success, he's never cared if he got any publicity at all, he just loves his music ... I think it might be something to do with his age, as he turned 70 a couple of years ago. He said to me, "I didn't want it to be done after I was dead and for it to be wrong." Maybe he thought his time had come to lay it all out on the table.'"[158]

Personal life Relationships and children Clapton and Pattie Boyd
Pattie Boyd
married in 1979, but had no children. In 1984 while recording Behind The Sun, Clapton began a relationship with Yvonne Kelly, the manager of AIR Studios Montserrat. Although both were married to other partners at the time, they had a daughter in January 1985. She was named Ruth Kelly Clapton, but her existence was kept from the public until the media realised she was his child in 1991.[159][160] Clapton and Boyd tried unsuccessfully to have children, even trying in vitro fertilisation in 1984, but were faced instead with miscarriages.[161] They divorced in 1988 following his affair with Italian model Lory Del Santo, who gave birth to their son, Conor, on 21 August
August
1986, who died in 1991 at the age of 4 1/2 after falling out of an open bedroom window on the 53rd floor of a Manhattan apartment building.[162] Clapton married Melia McEnery in a low-key church ceremony in January 2002. They have three daughters: Julie Rose (born June 2001), Ella May (born January 2003) and Sophie Belle (born 1 February 2005).[163] His grandson Isaac Eric Owen Bartlett was born in June 2013 to his oldest daughter Ruth and her husband Dean Bartlett.[164] Political views Clapton is a supporter of the Countryside Alliance
Countryside Alliance
which promotes issues relating to the British countryside. He has played in concerts to raise funds for the organisation and publicly opposed the Labour Party's ban on fox hunting with the 2004 Hunting Act. A spokesperson for Clapton said, "Eric supports the Countryside Alliance. He doesn't hunt himself, but does enjoy rural pursuits such as fishing and shooting sports. He supports the Alliance's pursuit to scrap the ban on the basis that he doesn't agree with the state's interference with people's private pursuits".[165] Controversy over remarks on immigration On 5 August
August
1976, Clapton provoked an uproar and lingering controversy when he spoke out against increasing immigration during a concert in Birmingham. Visibly intoxicated, Clapton voiced his support of controversial political candidate Enoch Powell, and announced on stage that Britain was in danger of becoming a "black colony". Among other things, Clapton said "Keep Britain white!"[166] which was at the time a National Front (NF) slogan.[167][168] This incident, along with some controversial remarks made around the same time by David Bowie, as well as uses of Nazi-related imagery by Sid Vicious
Sid Vicious
and Siouxsie Sioux, were the main catalysts for the creation of Rock Against Racism, with a concert on 30 April 1978.[169] In an interview from October 1976 with Sounds magazine, Clapton said that he was not a political person and that his rambling remarks that night were not appropriate.[170] However, in a 2004 interview with Uncut, Clapton referred to Powell as "outrageously brave".[171] He complained that the UK was "... inviting people in as cheap labour and then putting them in ghettos".[172] In 2004, Clapton told an interviewer for Scotland on Sunday, "There's no way I could be a racist. It would make no sense".[173] In his 2007 autobiography, Clapton called himself "deliberately oblivious to it all" and wrote, "I had never really understood or been directly affected by racial conflict ... when I listened to music, I was disinterested in where the players came from or what colour their skin was. Interesting, then, that 10 years later, I would be labelled a racist."[174] In a December 2007 interview with Melvyn Bragg
Melvyn Bragg
on The South Bank Show, Clapton reiterated his support for Enoch Powell
Enoch Powell
and again denied that Powell's views were racist.[175] Wealth and assets In 2009, Surrey
Surrey
Life Magazine ranked Clapton as number 17 in their list of richest Surrey
Surrey
residents, estimating his fortune at £120 million in assets. This was a combination of property and income which include a £9 million yacht, Va Bene
Va Bene
(previously owned by Bernie Ecclestone), his back music catalogue, his touring income, and his holding company Marshbrook Ltd, which had earned him £110 million since 1989.[176] In 2003, he purchased a 50% share of gentleman's outfitters Cordings Piccadilly.[177] At the time, owner Noll Uloth was trying to save the shop from closure and is reported to have contacted Clapton, his "best client"; within five minutes, Clapton replied with "I can't let this happen".[177] Car collection

Ferrari SP12 EC
Ferrari SP12 EC
built for Clapton under Ferrari's Special
Special
Projects programme.[178]

Since the 1970s, Clapton considered himself a "car enthusiast" and often stated his passion for the Ferrari
Ferrari
brand.[179] Clapton currently owns or has owned a range of Ferraris, and when asked about his Ferrari
Ferrari
collection in 1989, he said he liked the touring cars for road use the company produces and commented "if I had more space and if I had been wise I would have a huge collection by now and I would be a multi-multi-millionaire".[180] In 2010, he explained that for him " Ferrari
Ferrari
has always been the number one car" to own and drive, and that he always supported Ferrari
Ferrari
on the road and in Formula One
Formula One
motor racing.[181] In 2012, Ferrari
Ferrari
honoured Clapton with the one-off special project car, the Ferrari
Ferrari
SP12 EC. In July 2013 Clapton displayed it at the Goodwood Festival of Speed
Goodwood Festival of Speed
in England in the Michelin Supercar Run.[182] In 2014, Clapton explained that Ferrari
Ferrari
is still his favourite car brand.[183] Among the other vehicles Clapton owns or has owned during his life are a vintage Mini
Mini
Cooper Radford which was a gift from George Harrison.[184] Charitable work

Auction of Clapton's guitars and amps in aid of the Crossroads Centre

In 1993, Clapton was appointed a director of Clouds House, a UK treatment centre for drug and alcohol dependence, and served on their board until 1997.[185] Clapton also served on the board of directors for The Chemical Dependency Centre from 1994 until 1999.[186] Both charities subsequently merged to become Action on Addiction
Action on Addiction
in 2007. In 1998, he established the Crossroads Centre in Antigua
Antigua
to help others overcome their addictions to drugs and alcohol and is active in its management oversight and fundraising to the present day.[187][188] Clapton has organised the Crossroads Guitar Festival
Crossroads Guitar Festival
in 1999, 2004, 2007, 2010 and 2013 to raise funds for this centre.[189] Clapton has collaborated with The Prince's Trust, the leading UK youth charity which provides training, personal development, business start up support, mentoring, and advice. He has performed at the charity's rock concert numerous times since the 1980s, most recently in 2010.[190] In 2008, he donated a song to Aid Still Required's CD to assist with the restoration of the devastation done to Southeast Asia from the 2004 tsunami.[191] Football Clapton is a fan of English Premier League
Premier League
football club West Bromwich Albion.[192] In 1982 he performed a concert before West Brom player John Wile's testimonial game at The Hawthorns. It has been reported that the club rejected his offer to invest cash in the club around this time. In the late 1970s Clapton positioned a West Brom scarf on the back cover of his album, Backless.[193] In the 1978-79 season Clapton sponsored West Brom's UEFA Cup
UEFA Cup
home game against Turkish club Galatasaray.[192] Awards and honours

Year Award / Recognition

1983

Presented the Silver Clef Award from Princess Michael of Kent
Princess Michael of Kent
for outstanding contribution to British music.[194]

1985

Presented with BAFTA
BAFTA
for Best Original Television Music for Score of Edge of Darkness
Edge of Darkness
with Michael Kamen.[195]

1993

"Tears in Heaven" won three Grammy awards for Song of the Year, Record of the Year, and Male Pop Vocal Performance. Clapton also won Album of the Year and Best Rock Vocal Performance for Unplugged and Best Rock Song for "Layla".[196]

1995

Made an Officer of the Order of the British Empire
Order of the British Empire
(OBE) for services to music, as part of the 1995 New Year Honours list.[197]

2000

Inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
for the third time, this time as a solo artist. He was earlier inducted as a member of the bands Cream and the Yardbirds.[198]

2004

Promoted to Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
(CBE), receiving the award from the Princess Royal at Buckingham Palace
Buckingham Palace
as part of the 2004 New Year Honours list.[199][200]

2006

Awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award as a member of Cream.[201]

2017

Made a Commandeur of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres
Ordre des Arts et des Lettres
of France[202]

Clapton's music in film and TV

"Change the World"

"Change the World" (studio version) from the Phenomenon soundtrack.

Problems playing this file? See media help.

Clapton's music has appeared in dozens of movies and television shows as far back as 1973's Mean Streets
Mean Streets
which featured the song "I Looked Away". Other appearances in media include in the Miami Vice
Miami Vice
series ("Wonderful Tonight", "Knock on Wood", "She's Waiting", and "Layla"), Back to the Future
Back to the Future
("Heaven Is One Step Away"), The Color of Money ("It's In The Way That You Use It"), Lethal Weapon 2
Lethal Weapon 2
("Knockin' On Heaven's Door"), Goodfellas ("Layla" and "Sunshine of Your Love"),[203] Freaks and Geeks
Freaks and Geeks
episode "I'm With the Band" ("Sunshine of Your Love", "White Room" and "Crossroads (song)"), Friends
Friends
episodes "The One with the Proposal, Part 2" ("Wonderful Tonight") and "The One Where Rachel Has A Baby" ("River of Tears"), School Of Rock
School Of Rock
("Sunshine Of Your Love)", Men in Black III
Men in Black III
("Strange Brew"), Captain Phillips (film) ("Wonderful Tonight"), August: Osage County (film) ("Lay Down Sally") for which it was a significant part of the soundtrack, being played in the intro and twice more later on, Good Girls Revolt
Good Girls Revolt
episode "The Year-Ender" ("White Room)" and Rick and Morty
Rick and Morty
episode "Summer's Future" ("It's In The Way That You Use It").[204] Both Opel
Opel
and Vauxhall used the guitar riff from "Layla" in their advertising campaigns throughout 1987–95. In addition to his music appearing in media, Clapton has contributed to several movies by writing or co-writing the musical scores or contributing original songs. These movies include Lethal Weapon
Lethal Weapon
(co-written with Michael Kamen),[205] Communion, Rush, Phenomenon ("Change the World"), and Lethal Weapon
Lethal Weapon
3 (co-wrote and co-performed "It's Probably Me" with Sting and "Runaway Train" with Elton John).[206] Discography Main article: Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
discography Solo studio albums

Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
(1970) 461 Ocean Boulevard
461 Ocean Boulevard
(1974) There's One in Every Crowd
There's One in Every Crowd
(1975) No Reason to Cry
No Reason to Cry
(1976) Slowhand
Slowhand
(1977) Backless
Backless
(1978) Another Ticket
Another Ticket
(1981) Money and Cigarettes
Money and Cigarettes
(1983) Behind the Sun (1985) August
August
(1986) Journeyman (1989) Rush (1992) From the Cradle
From the Cradle
(1994) Pilgrim (1998) Reptile (2001) Me and Mr. Johnson
Me and Mr. Johnson
(2004) Sessions for Robert J (2004) Back Home (2005) Clapton (2010) Old Sock
Old Sock
(2013)[207] The Breeze: An Appreciation of JJ Cale (2014) I Still Do
I Still Do
(2016)

Collaborations

Riding with the King (with B.B. King) (2000) The Road to Escondido
The Road to Escondido
(with J. J. Cale) (2006)

References

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2010.  ^ "Andy Summers". Guitarplayer.com. Retrieved 23 October 2011.  ^ a b c Bob Gulla (2008) Guitar Gods: The 25 Players Who Made Rock History p.45. Retrieved 30 December 2010 ^ a b c Oxman, J. Craig (December 2011). "Clapton's Fool: History's Greatest Guitar?". Vintage Guitar. Alan Greenwood. Retrieved 8 May 2015.  ^ Dregni, Michael (September 2014). "The Dallas Rangemaster". Vintage Guitar. pp. 46–49.  ^ Drozdowski, Ted (9 January 2009). "How to Get Clapton's Classic 'Woman Tone'". Lifestyle. Gibson.com. Archived from the original on 2 December 2010. Retrieved 6 August
August
2010.  ^ a b c " Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
Guitar Auction, 24 June 2004: More Information and Images". Stratcollector.com. 18 March 2004. Archived from the original on 19 February 2009. Retrieved 22 August
August
2010.  ^ Ochoa, Hugh (27 June 2004). "2004 Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
Crossroads Guitar Auction: the Auction, the Burst Brothers, and Lee Dickson". Stratcollector.com. Archived from the original on 15 February 2009. Retrieved 22 August
August
2010.  ^ Tom Wheeler (2004) The Stratocaster chronicles: Fender : celebrating 50 years of the Fender Strat p.8. Hal Leonard Corporation, 2004 ^ Landers, Rick (28 June 2004). "Strat Collector News Desk: An Interview with Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
Guitar Technician Lee Dickson". Stratcollector.com. Archived from the original on 27 March 2009. Retrieved 22 August
August
2010.  ^ "The Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
FAQ – Guitars". Xs4all.nl. 3 September 2001. Archived from the original on 23 August
August
2009. Retrieved 22 August 2010.  ^ a b c " Christie's
Christie's
Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
Guitars". 14 June 2004. Archived from the original on 14 June 2004. Retrieved 30 March 2016.  ^ "Rock Memorabilia Market Booms: Eric Clapton". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 15 July 2009. Retrieved 22 August 2010.  ^ "Eric Clapton's Blackie – Guitar Center". Gc.guitarcenter.com. Archived from the original on 23 October 2007. Retrieved 22 August 2010.  ^ Clapton's guitar: watching Wayne Henderson build the perfect instrument. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ Heritage Music and Entertainment Dallas Signature Auction Catalog #634. Ivy Press Heritage Capital Corporation. 2006. p. 181.  ^ "Bonhams Auction". Bonhams.com. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ " Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
Will Auction Vintage Guitars & Amps For His Crossroads Centre". [permanent dead link] ^ " Ernie Ball
Ernie Ball
– Artists". Ernie Ball. Archived from the original on 5 August
August
2008. Retrieved 21 August
August
2008.  ^ Kelly, Will. "Lee Dickson: Three Decades with Clapton". Vintage Guitar. pp. 44–48.  ^ "Frederick "Toots" Hibbert Biography". biography.com. Retrieved 2 July 2016.  ^ " Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
on stage at Nelson Mandela 70th Birthday Tribute ." Getty Images. 17 December 2017.  ^ Tobler, John: Who's who in rock & roll p.1988. Crescent Books, 1991 ^ Boehm, Mike (12 July 1992). "ELTON JOHN "The One" MCA". articles.latimes.com. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 18 September 2011.  ^ a b "Live in Hyde Park (Video/DVD)". AllMusic. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ "Rhapsody.com Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
advert". 2007. Archived from the original on 14 August
August
2013. Retrieved 23 March 2007.  ^ "Toots and the Maytals: Reggae
Reggae
Got Soul". BBC
BBC
Four (documentary). Directed by George Scott. UK. 2011. 59 min. Retrieved 15 December 2016. ^ "That '70s Show. Series 2. Episode "Holy Crap"". ABC. 17 December 2017.  ^ Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
plays guitar on a KIA Cee'd. YouTube. 18 February 2013. Retrieved 27 August
August
2015.  ^ a b c Jones, Emma (4 January 2018). "Lili Fini Zanuck: Director says 2017 'wasn't a turning point' for Hollywood". BBC
BBC
News. Retrieved 6 January 2018.  ^ Schumacher, Michael (1992), p. 263. ^ Sandford, Christopher (1994). Clapton: Edge of Darkness, Victor Gollancz, p. 210. ^ Boyd, Pattie; Junor, Penny (2008). Wonderful Tonight: George Harrison, Eric Clapton, and Me. Random House. p. 233. ISBN 0307450228.  ^ "Eric Clapton's Son Killed in a 49-Story Fall". The New York Times. 21 March 1991.  ^ Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
on IMDb ^ Ruth ClaptonBartlett [@ruthclapton] (4 June 2013). "So happy to welcome our beautiful son Isaac Eric Owen Bartlett to the world, he's already so loved by us all. t.co/RxKr7OYsvi" (Tweet). Retrieved 8 June 2013 – via Twitter.  ^ "Clapton Headlines Pro-Hunt Concert". Contact Music. 30 April 2006. Retrieved 9 June 2014.  ^ Bainbridge, Luke (14 October 2007). "The ten right-wing rockers". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 7 October 2016.  ^ Hall, John (19 August
August
2009). "Dabbling in right wing politics – David Bowie, Brian Ferry and Eric Clapton". The Independent. London. Retrieved 18 January 2010.  ^ Rebel Rock by J. Street. First Edition (1986). Oxford Press Basil Blackwell.pp.74–75. ^ Manzoor, Sarfraz (20 April 2008). "The year rock found the power to unite". The Observer. London. Retrieved 18 January 2010.  ^ Charone, Barbara (October 1976). "Eric Clapton: Farther On Up The Road". Reprint for the web, article from Sounds Magazine. Retrieved 19 October 2009.  ^ Tyler, Kieron (1 December 2007). " Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
is not God". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 24 July 2015.  ^ Boyd, Brian (25 March 2005). "Eric's old post-colonial blues". The Irish Times. Retrieved 24 July 2015.  ^ "A sentimental journey". The Scotsman. Retrieved 22 August 2010. [permanent dead link] ^ "The gospel according to God". The Guardian. London. 21 October 2007. Retrieved 2 May 2010.  ^ "Eric Clapton". The South Bank Show. 2 December 2007. ITV.  ^ Beresford, Philip (June 2009). "Surrey's Richest 50; The Top Ten". Rank of the wealthiest residents of Surrey, England. Surrey
Surrey
Life Magazine. Retrieved 27 August
August
2011.  ^ a b "Clapton rescues gentlemen's shop". BBC. 2 August
August
2004.  ^ Tan, Danny (29 May 2012). " Ferrari SP12 EC
Ferrari SP12 EC
– Eric Clapton's one-off is a 458 Italia with styling inspired by the 512 BB". Paul Tan's Automotive News. Petaling Jaya, Malaysia: Driven Communications Sdn Bhd. Retrieved 29 May 2012.  ^ "The Many Cars of Eric 'Slowhand' Clapton". This Week in Motors. Retrieved 20 August
August
2016.  ^ "Desert Island Discs 1989 – Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
& Sue Lawley". YouTube Network. Retrieved 20 August
August
2016.  ^ " Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
interview on Ferrari.com". YouTube Network. Retrieved 20 August
August
2016.  ^ " Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
displays one-off Ferrari SP12 EC
Ferrari SP12 EC
at Goodwood". Autocar.co.uk. Retrieved 4 December 2017 ^ " Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
with his wife Melia – Grid Walk with Martin Brundle F1". YouTube Network. Retrieved 20 August
August
2016.  ^ "Vintage Mini
Mini
Cooper Radford Harrison/Clapton". Equipboard, Inc. Archived from the original on 20 August
August
2016. Retrieved 20 August 2016.  Archived from the original. ^ "Company Check, List of Directors of UK Companies and Organizations: Eric Patrick Clapton, Director, Clouds House". Company Check. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ "Company Check, List of Directors of UK Companies and Organizations, Eric Patrick Clapton, Director, The Chemical Dependency Centre". Company Check. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ "Treatment Alternatives for Addiction". 27 March 2013. Archived from the original on 27 March 2013. Retrieved 30 March 2016.  ^ " Crossroads Centre Antigua, Official website". Crossroadsantigua.org. Retrieved 3 October 2013.  ^ "Crossroads Guitar Festival, Official website". Crossroadsguitarfestival.com. 8 April 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2013.  ^ "TRH attend The Prince's Trust
Prince's Trust
Rock Gala 2010". Princes Trust. 2 March 2018. [permanent dead link] ^ "Green and Growing Aid Still Required Helps Darfur Refugees Take Root". Aid Still Required.org. Retrieved 4 December 2017 ^ a b "Throwback Thursday: The West Brom Match Sponsored By Eric Clapton (September 27, 1978)". Paste Magazine. 26 October 2016.  ^ "West Bromwich Albion's famous supporters". Birmingham
Birmingham
mail. 23 June 2015. Retrieved 26 October 2016.  ^ Michael Schumacher, Crossroads: The Life and Music of Eric Clapton. Consulted on 12 August
August
2007. ^ "Awards Database – The BAFTA
BAFTA
site". BAFTA. Retrieved 10 October 2009.  ^ "1993 Grammy Winners". The New York Times. 26 February 1993. Retrieved 20 August
August
2008.  ^ "Supplement to The London Gazette: 1995 New Year Honours list". The Gazette. London. 30 December 1994. Retrieved 17 September 2015.  ^ "Clapton's Hall of Fame hat-trick". BBC
BBC
News. 8 December 1999. Retrieved 22 August
August
2010.  ^ "CBEs – full list". BBC
BBC
News. 31 December 2003. Retrieved 22 August
August
2010.  ^ "Musician Clapton delighted by CBE". BBC
BBC
News. 3 November 2004. Retrieved 22 August
August
2010.  ^ "Lifetime Achievement Award". The Recording Academy. National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2012.  ^ "France Honors Eric Clapton". Where's Eric! The Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
Fan Club Magazine. 27 May 2017. Retrieved 2 June 2017.  ^ "Soundtracks for Goodfellas". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 17 February 2007.  ^ "Original Motion Picture Soundtrack Of 'August: Osage County' To Be Released On January 7, 2014". Prnewswire.com. Retrieved 22 July 2017.  ^ "Lethal Weapon". Allmusic. Retrieved 16 December 2017 ^ " Lethal Weapon
Lethal Weapon
3". Allmusic. Retrieved 16 December 2017 ^ "New Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
Album 'Old Sock' Due in March". Rolling Stone. 29 January 2013. Retrieved 8 June 2013. 

Further reading

On Clapton's career

Eric Clapton, Clapton, The Autobiography, 2007 and 2008, Broadway Books, 352 pp. / Arrow, 400 pages / Century, 384 pp. Eric Clapton, Derek Taylor
Derek Taylor
and Peter Blake, 24 Nights, Genesis Publications, 2 volumes, 1992, 198 and 64 pp. Eric Clapton's signed limited edition books, in a Solander box with 2 live CD Ray Coleman, Clapton!: The Authorized Biography, Warner Books, 368 pp, or Futura, 336 pages, 1986; originally publ. as "Survivor: The Authorized Biography", Sidgwick & Jackson, 1985, 300 pp. Christopher Hjort w/ a foreword by John Mayall, Strange brew: Eric Clapton and the British Blues
Blues
Boom, 1965–1970, Jawbone, 2007, 352 pp. Marc Roberty, Eric Clapton: The Complete Recording Sessions 1963–1992, Blandford or St. Martin's Press, 1993, 192 pp. Marc Roberty, Slowhand: The Life & Music of Eric Clapton, Octopus or Harmony, 1991, 176 pp; upd. ed. Crown, 1993, 192 pp. Marc Roberty, Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
in His Own Words, Omnibus Press, 1993, 96 pp. Marc Roberty, Eric Clapton: The New Visual Documentary, Omnibus Press, 1990, 128 pp.; rev. ed., 1994, ...pp.; originally publ. as Eric Clapton: A Visual Documentary, 1986, ... pp. Marc Roberty, Eric Clapton: The Man, the Music and the Memorabilia, Paper Tiger-Dragon's World, 1994, 226 pp. Marc Roberty, The Complete Guide to the Music of Eric Clapton, Omnibus Press, 1995, 152 pp. CD format; rev. ed., 2005, 128 pp. Michael Schumacher, Crossroads: The Life and Music of Eric Clapton, Hyperion, 1995, 388 pp.; rev. ed, Time Warner p'backs, 1998, 411 pp.; new ed. titled Eric Clapton, Sphere, 2008, 432 pp. Harry Shapiro, Eric Clapton: Lost in The Blues, Guinness Books or Muze, 1992, 256 pp.; rev. ed. Da Capo press, 1193, 225 pp.; originally publ. as Slowhand: The Story of Eric Clapton, Proteus Books, 1985, 160 pp. Dave Thompson, Cream: The World's First Supergroup, Virgin Books, 2005, 256 pp.; rev., upd. & illustr. ed. titled Cream: How Eric Clapton Took the World By Storm, 2006, 320 pp. Steve Turner, Conversations with Eric Clapton, London: Abacus, 1976, 116 pp.

About Clapton's playing and sound

David M. Brewster (2003). "Eric Clapton". Introduction to Guitar Tone & Effects. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 54. ISBN 978-0-634-06046-5.  H. P. Newquist and Richard Maloof (2003). "Eric Clapton". The Blues-Rock Masters. Backbeat Books. p. 27. ISBN 978-0-87930-735-6.  Pete Prown and Lisa Sharken (2003). "Eric Clapton". Gear Secrets of the Guitar Legends. Backbeat Books. p. 6. ISBN 9780879307516. 

External links

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Eric Clapton

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eric Clapton.

Official website Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
at Encyclopædia Britannica "Eric Clapton". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.  Eric Clapton discography
Eric Clapton discography
at MusicBrainz Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
on IMDb

v t e

Eric Clapton

Discography Singles discography Videography

Studio albums

Eric Clapton 461 Ocean Boulevard There's One in Every Crowd No Reason to Cry Slowhand Backless Another Ticket Money and Cigarettes Behind the Sun August Journeyman From the Cradle Pilgrim Reptile Me and Mr. Johnson
Me and Mr. Johnson
/ Sessions for Robert J Back Home Clapton Old Sock I Still Do

Live albums

Eric Clapton's Rainbow Concert E. C. Was Here Just One Night Time Pieces Vol.II Live in the Seventies 24 Nights Unplugged Crossroads 2: Live in the Seventies One More Car, One More Rider Live in San Diego

Compilations

The History of Eric Clapton Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
at His Best Clapton Steppin' Out Timepieces: The Best of Eric Clapton Backtrackin' The Cream of Eric Clapton Crossroads Story The Cream of Clapton Blues Clapton Chronicles: The Best of Eric Clapton Complete Clapton Forever Man

Singles

"After Midnight" / "Easy Now" " Blues
Blues
Power" / "Bottle of Red Wine" "Let It Rain" "I Shot the Sheriff" / "Give Me Strength" "Willie and the Hand Jive" "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot" "Knockin' on Heaven's Door" "Hello Old Friend" "Carnival" "Lay Down Sally" / "Cocaine" "Wonderful Tonight" "Tulsa Time" "Promises" / "Watch Out for Lucy" "Early in the Morning (Live)" "I Can't Stand It" "I've Got a Rock 'n' Roll Heart" "Crosscut Saw" "Forever Man" "It's in the Way That You Use It" "Behind the Mask" "Tearing Us Apart" "Pretending" / "Before You Accuse Me" "Hound Dog" "Bad Love" "Tears in Heaven" / " White Room
White Room
(Live)" " Layla
Layla
(Acoustic)" "Down & Out" "Motherless Child" / "Driftin'" "Change the World" "Born in Time" "Circus" "My Father's Eyes" "Pilgrim" "Blue Eyes Blue" "(I) Get Lost" "Come Rain or Come Shine" / "Ten Long Years" "3 O'Clock Blues" "Key to the Highway" "Worried Life Blues" "I Ain't Gonna Stand for It" "Every Little Thing" / "No Sympathy"

Soundtracks

Edge of Darkness Homeboy Rush

Concert films

Live 1986 The Cream of Eric Clapton Live in Hyde Park In Concert: A Benefit for the Crossroads Centre at Antigua Sessions for Robert J Crossroads Guitar Festival
Crossroads Guitar Festival
2004 Live at Montreux 1986 Crossroads Guitar Festival
Crossroads Guitar Festival
2007 Crossroads Guitar Festival
Crossroads Guitar Festival
2010 Crossroads Guitar Festival
Crossroads Guitar Festival
2013 Planes, Trains and Eric Slowhand
Slowhand
at 70 – Live at the Royal Albert Hall

Collaborations

Riding with the King The Road to Escondido Live from Madison Square Garden Play the Blues: Live from Jazz at Lincoln Center Crossroads Guitar Festival
Crossroads Guitar Festival
2013 The Breeze: An Appreciation of JJ Cale

Tours

Journeyman World Tour 1992 Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
World Tour

Related

Blackie Brownie The Fool Signature Stratocaster Crossroads Centre Crossroads Guitar Festival Pattie Boyd
Pattie Boyd
(wife) Ferrari
Ferrari
SP12 EC Va Bene Wonderful Tonight: George Harrison, Eric Clapton, and Me

Associated bands

v t e

The Yardbirds

Original members (1963–68): Keith Relf Paul Samwell-Smith Chris Dreja Jim McCarty Top Topham Eric Clapton Jeff Beck Jimmy Page

Later members (since 1992): John Idan Gypie Mayo Alan Glen Jerry Donahue Ben King Johnny A. Kenny Aaronson Myke Scavone

Albums

For Your Love Having a Rave Up Roger the Engineer Little Games Birdland

Live albums

Five Live Yardbirds Sonny Boy Williamson and the Yardbirds Live Yardbirds! Featuring Jimmy Page BBC
BBC
Sessions Reunion Jam Live! Blueswailing July '64 Live at B.B. King
B.B. King
Blues
Blues
Club Making Tracks

Compilations

The Yardbirds
The Yardbirds
Greatest Hits Shapes of Things Cumular Limit Ultimate! Yardbirds '68

Bootlegs

Golden Eggs More Golden Eggs

Singles

"I Wish You Would" "Good Morning Little Schoolgirl" "For Your Love" "Heart Full of Soul" "Evil Hearted You" "I'm a Man" "Shapes of Things" "You're a Better Man Than I "Boom Boom" "Over Under Sideways Down" "Happenings Ten Years Time Ago" "Ten Little Indians"

Other songs

"Let It Rock" "Who Do You Love" "You Can't Judge a Book
Book
by Looking at the Cover" "Too Much Monkey Business" "Smokestack Lightning" "Five Long Years" "The Sky Is Crying" "My Girl Sloopy" "The Train Kept A-Rollin'" "Spoonful" "The Stumble" "Dust My Blues" "White Summer" "Stealing Stealing" "Most Likely You Go Your Way (And I'll Go Mine)" "Dazed and Confused" "Knowing That I'm Losing You" "I'm Waiting for the Man"

Related articles

Discography Members Giorgio Gomelsky Simon Napier-Bell Mickie Most Peter Grant Cream Jeff Beck
Jeff Beck
Group Led Zeppelin Renaissance Box of Frogs

Media

v t e

Cream

Ginger Baker Jack Bruce Eric Clapton

Studio albums

Fresh Cream Disraeli Gears Wheels of Fire Goodbye

Live albums

Live Cream Live Cream
Live Cream
Volume II BBC
BBC
Sessions Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall
London May 2-3-5-6, 2005

Compilations

Best of Cream Heavy Cream Strange Brew: The Very Best of Cream The Very Best of Cream Those Were the Days Gold

Singles

"Wrapping Paper" "I Feel Free" "Strange Brew"/"Tales of Brave Ulysses" "Spoonful" "Sunshine of Your Love"/"SWLABR" "Anyone for Tennis" "White Room" "Crossroads" "Badge" "Lawdy Mama"

Other songs

"Four Until Late" "Rollin' and Tumblin'" "I'm So Glad" "Toad" "We're Going Wrong" "Outside Woman Blues" "Sitting on Top of the World" "Born Under a Bad Sign" "Steppin' Out" "Doing That Scrapyard Thing"

Film

Cream's Farewell Concert

Collaborators

Pete Brown Felix Pappalardi Martin Sharp Gail Collins Janet Godfrey George Harrison Mike Taylor Robert Stigwood

Related articles

Discography Songs The Graham Bond
Graham Bond
Organisation John Mayall
John Mayall
& the Bluesbreakers Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
and the Powerhouse Blind Faith BBM

Book Category

v t e

Derek and the Dominos

Duane Allman Eric Clapton Jim Gordon Carl Radle Bobby Whitlock

Studio album

Layla
Layla
and Other Assorted Love Songs

Live albums

In Concert Live at the Fillmore

Reissues

The Layla
Layla
Sessions: 20th Anniversary Edition

Songs

"Layla" "Bell Bottom Blues" "Tell the Truth" "Nobody Knows You When You're Down and Out" "Key to the Highway" "Have You Ever Loved a Woman" "Little Wing"

Related articles

Blind Faith Delaney & Bonnie Dave Mason The Allman Brothers Band Pattie Boyd

v t e

John Mayall
John Mayall
& the Bluesbreakers

John Mayall

Eric Clapton Jack Bruce Peter Green John McVie Mick Fleetwood Hughie Flint Mick Taylor Colin Allen Don "Sugarcane" Harris Harvey Mandel Larry Taylor Aynsley Dunbar Dick Heckstall-Smith Andy Fraser Roger Dean Alan Skidmore Keef Hartley Jon Hiseman Rick Vito Henry Lowther Tony Reeves Rocky Athas Jay Davenport Greg Rzab

Studio albums

Blues
Blues
Breakers with Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
(1966) A Hard Road
A Hard Road
(1967) Crusade (1967) Bare Wires
Bare Wires
(1968) Blues
Blues
from Laurel Canyon (1968) Wake Up Call (1993) Road Dogs (2005)

John Mayall
John Mayall
solo

The Blues
Blues
Alone (1967) Empty Rooms
Empty Rooms
(1969) USA Union
USA Union
(1970) Memories (1971) Back to the Roots (1971) Ten Years Are Gone (1973) Spinning Coin (1995) Tough (2009) A Special
Special
Life (2014)

Live and compilation albums

John Mayall
John Mayall
Plays John Mayall
John Mayall
(1965) Looking Back (1969) The Turning Point (1969) Thru the Years
Thru the Years
(1971) Jazz Blues
Blues
Fusion (1972) The 1982 Reunion Concert (1992) 70th Birthday Concert
70th Birthday Concert
(2003) Live from Austin, TX (2007)

Book Category

v t e

Plastic Ono Band

John Lennon Yoko Ono

Members 1969–1974

Eric Clapton Klaus Voormann Alan White Ringo Starr Delaney Bramlett Bonnie Bramlett Jim Gordon George Harrison Nicky Hopkins Bobby Keys Keith Moon Billy Preston Jim Price Hugh McCracken Stuart Scharf David Spinozza Kenneth Ascher Michael Brecker Arthur Jenkins David Friedman Pete Kleinow Don Brooks Jeremy Steig Jesse Ed Davis Eddie Mottau

Members 2009–present

Sean Lennon Cornelius Yuka Honda Michael Leonhart Erik Friedlander

Albums

Live Peace in Toronto 1969 John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band Yoko Ono/Plastic Ono Band Some Time in New York City Approximately Infinite Universe Feeling the Space Mind Games Walls and Bridges Shaved Fish Live in New York City Don't Stop Me! Between My Head and the Sky The Flaming Lips with Yoko Ono/Plastic Ono Band Take Me to the Land of Hell

Singles

"Give Peace a Chance" "Cold Turkey" "Instant Karma!" "Mother "Power to the People "Happy Xmas (War Is Over)" "Woman Is the Nigger of the World" "Now or Never" "Death of Samantha" "Mind Games" "Whatever Gets You thru the Night" "#9 Dream

Related articles

List of Plastic Ono Band
Plastic Ono Band
lineups Elephant's Memory The Dirty Mac Toronto Rock and Roll Revival

Category

v t e

People associated with the Beatles

Personnel

Neil Aspinall Dave Dexter Jr. Geoff Emerick Mal Evans Glyn Johns Bert Kaempfert Freda Kelly Jeff Lynne Magic Alex Ken Mansfield George Martin Giles Martin Phil McDonald Ken Scott Norman Smith Phil Spector Alistair Taylor Chris Thomas Ken Townsend Peter Vince

Businessmen

Peter Bennett Sid Bernstein Al Brodax Peter Brown Lee Eastman Brian Epstein David Geffen Dick James Allen Klein Joseph Lockwood Larry Parnes Allan Williams

Musicians

Eric Clapton The Dirty Mac Donovan Bob Dylan Johnny Gentle Nicky Hopkins Johnny Hutchinson Mick Jagger Brian Jones Jim Keltner David Mason Tommy Moore Chas Newby Jimmie Nicol Harry Nilsson Peter and Gordon Plastic Ono Band Billy Preston Ronnie Scott Ravi Shankar Tony Sheridan Rory Storm
Rory Storm
and the Hurricanes Andy White

Writers

Tony Barrow Alan Clayson Ray Coleman Ray Connolly Hunter Davies Peter Doggett Walter Everett Larry Kane Mark Lewisohn Ian MacDonald Philip Norman Alan W. Pollack Nicholas Schaffner Bruce Spizer Derek Taylor

Girlfriends / wives

Nancy Lee Andrews Jane Asher Barbara Bach Pattie Boyd Olivia Harrison Astrid Kirchherr Cynthia Lennon Linda McCartney Heather Mills Yoko Ono Francie Schwartz Maureen Starkey

Parents / guardians

Mona Best Alfred Lennon Julia Lennon Jim and Mary McCartney George Smith Mimi Smith

Others

Tony Anthony Peter Blake George Dunning Horst Fascher The Fool Robert Freeman Bill Harry Jann Haworth Michael Lindsay-Hogg Alejandro Jodorowsky Bruno Koschmider Richard Lester Ruth McCartney Murray the K Ed Sullivan Saul Swimmer Ivan Vaughan Jürgen Vollmer Klaus Voormann Lord Woodbine Bob Wooler David Wynne Maharishi Mahesh Yogi Roby Yonge

v t e

Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Class of 2000

Performers

Eric Clapton Earth, Wind & Fire (Philip Bailey, Larry Dunn, Johnny Graham, Ralph Johnson, Al McKay, Fred White, Maurice White, Verdine White, Andrew Woolfolk) The Lovin' Spoonful
Spoonful
(Steve Boone, Joe Butler, John Sebastian, Zal Yanovsky) The Moonglows
The Moonglows
(Prentiss Barnes, Harvey Fuqua, Peter Graves, Billy Johnson, Bobby Lester) Bonnie Raitt James Taylor

Early influences

Nat King Cole Billie Holiday

Non-performers (Ahmet Ertegun Award)

Clive Davis

Sidemen

Hal Blaine King Curtis James Jamerson Scotty Moore Earl Palmer

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 46945873 LCCN: n84222859 ISNI: 0000 0003 6855 2322 GND: 119073102 SELIBR: 223940 SUDOC: 033662827 BNF: cb13892530m (data) BIBSYS: 90600646 MusicBrainz: 618b6900-0618-4f1e-b835-bccb17f84294 NLA: 35799208 NDL: 00620495 NKC: ola2002145157 BNE: XX982

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