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The Info List - Eric Clapton



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ERIC PATRICK CLAPTON, CBE (born 30 March 1945), is an English rock and blues guitarist, singer, and songwriter. He is the only three-time inductee to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
: once as a solo artist and separately as a member of the Yardbirds and Cream . Clapton has been referred to as one of the most important and influential guitarists of all time. Clapton ranked second in Rolling Stone magazine's list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time " and fourth in Gibson\'s "Top 50 Guitarists of All Time". He was also named number five in Time magazine's list of "The 10 Best Electric Guitar Players" in 2009.

In the mid-1960s Clapton left the Yardbirds to play with John Mayall and Robert Johnson 's "Crossroads ", recorded with Cream. Following the death of his son Conor in 1991, Clapton's grief was expressed in the song " Tears in Heaven ", which was featured on his Unplugged album.

Clapton has been the recipient of 18 Grammy Awards , and the Brit Award for Outstanding Contribution to Music. In 2004 he was awarded a CBE at Buckingham Palace
Buckingham Palace
for services to music. In 1998, Clapton, a recovering alcoholic and drug addict , founded the Crossroads Centre on Antigua
Antigua
, a medical facility for recovering substance abusers.

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life

* 2 Career

* 2.1 Early career, breakthrough, and international success

* 2.1.1 The Yardbirds
The Yardbirds
and the Bluesbreakers * 2.1.2 Cream * 2.1.3 Blind Faith, Delaney and Bonnie and Friends

* 2.2 "Layla" and solo career

* 2.2.1 Derek and the Dominos
Derek and the Dominos
* 2.2.2 Personal challenges and early solo success

* 2.3 Continued success * 2.4 Resurgence and stardom * 2.5 Collaboration albums * 2.6 Clapton, Old Sock and I Still Do

* 3 Influences * 4 Legacy * 5 Guitars * 6 Other media appearances

* 7 Personal life

* 7.1 Relationships and children * 7.2 Political views * 7.3 Controversy over remarks on immigration * 7.4 Wealth and assets * 7.5 Car collection * 7.6 Charitable work * 7.7 Football

* 8 Awards and honours * 9 Clapton\'s music in film and TV

* 10 Discography

* 10.1 Solo studio albums * 10.2 Collaborations

* 11 References * 12 Further reading * 13 External links

EARLY LIFE

Clapton was born on 30 March 1945 in Ripley, Surrey , England, to 16-year-old Patricia Molly Clapton (7 January 1929 – March 1999) and Edward Walter Fryer (21 March 1920 – 15 May 1985), a 25-year-old soldier from Montreal
Montreal
, Quebec. Fryer shipped off to war prior to Clapton's birth and then returned to Canada. Clapton grew up believing that his grandmother, Rose, and her second husband, Jack Clapp, Patricia's stepfather, were his parents, and that his mother was actually his older sister. The similarity in surnames gave rise to the erroneous belief that Clapton's real surname is Clapp (Reginald Cecil Clapton was the name of Rose's first husband, Eric Clapton's maternal grandfather). Years later, his mother married another Canadian soldier and moved to Germany, leaving young Eric with his grandparents in Surrey
Surrey
.

Clapton received an acoustic Hoyer guitar , made in Germany, for his thirteenth birthday, but the inexpensive steel-stringed instrument was difficult to play and he briefly lost interest. Two years later Clapton picked it up again and started playing consistently. Clapton was influenced by the blues from an early age, and practised long hours to learn the chords of blues music by playing along to the records. He preserved his practice sessions using his portable Grundig reel-to-reel tape recorder, listening to them over and over until he felt he'd got it right.

In 1961, after leaving Hollyfield School in Surbiton , Clapton studied at the Kingston College of Art but was dismissed at the end of the academic year because his focus remained on music rather than art. His guitar playing was so advanced that, by the age of 16, he was getting noticed. Around this time, Clapton began busking around Kingston , Richmond , and the West End . In 1962, Clapton started performing as a duo with fellow blues enthusiast David Brock in pubs around Surrey. When he was seventeen years old, Clapton joined his first band, an early British R&B group, the Roosters, whose other guitarist was Tom McGuinness . He stayed with this band from January until August
August
1963. In October of that year, Clapton did a seven-gig stint with Casey Jones & the Engineers .

CAREER

EARLY CAREER, BREAKTHROUGH, AND INTERNATIONAL SUCCESS

The Yardbirds
The Yardbirds
And The Bluesbreakers

Main articles: The Yardbirds
The Yardbirds
and John Mayall a joint LP album, recorded in December 1963, was issued in 1965. Appearing at the Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall
in London for the first time in 1964, Clapton has since performed at the venue over 200 times.

Yardbirds' rhythm guitarist, Chris Dreja , recalled that whenever Clapton broke a guitar string during a concert, he would stay on stage and replace it. The English audiences would wait out the delay by doing what is called a "slow handclap ". Clapton's nickname of 'Slowhand' came from Giorgio Gomelsky , a pun on the slow handclapping that ensued when Clapton stopped playing while he replaced a string. In December 1964, Clapton made his first appearance at the Royal Albert Hall , London, with the Yardbirds. Since then, Clapton has performed at the Hall over 200 times, and has stated that performing at the venue is like "playing in my front room".

In March 1965, Clapton and the Yardbirds had their first major hit, " For Your Love ", written by songwriter Graham Gouldman , who also wrote hit songs for Herman\'s Hermits and the Hollies (and would later achieve success of his own as a member of 10cc ). In part because of its success, the Yardbirds elected to move toward a pop-oriented sound, much to the annoyance of Clapton, who was devoted to the blues and not commercial success. He left the Yardbirds on the day that "For Your Love" went public, a move that left the band without its lead guitarist and most accomplished member. Clapton suggested fellow guitarist Jimmy Page to be his replacement, but Page declined out of loyalty to Clapton, putting Jeff Beck
Jeff Beck
forward. Beck and Page played together in the Yardbirds for a while, but Beck, Page, and Clapton were never in the group together. They first appeared together on the 12-date benefit tour for Action for Research into multiple sclerosis in 1983.

Clapton joined John Mayall he left the Yardbirds before "For Your Love" hit the U.S. Top Ten, and had yet to perform there. During his time with Cream, Clapton began to develop as a singer, songwriter, and guitarist, though Bruce took most of the lead vocals and wrote the majority of the material with lyricist Pete Brown . Cream's first gig was an unofficial performance at the Twisted Wheel Club in Manchester on 29 July 1966 before their full debut two nights later at the National Jazz and Blues
Blues
Festival in Windsor . Cream established its enduring legend with the high-volume blues jamming and extended solos of their live shows. Clapton (right) with Cream

By early 1967, fans of the emerging blues-rock sound in Britain had begun to portray Clapton as Britain's top guitarist; however, he found himself rivalled by the emergence of Jimi Hendrix , an acid rock -infused guitarist who used wailing feedback and effects pedals to create new sounds for the instrument. Hendrix attended a performance of the newly formed Cream at the Central London Polytechnic on 1 October 1966, during which he sat in on a double-timed version of "Killing Floor ". Top UK stars, including Clapton, Pete Townshend
Pete Townshend
, members of the Rolling Stones , and the Beatles , avidly attended Hendrix's early club performances. Hendrix's arrival had an immediate and major effect on the next phase of Clapton's career.

Clapton first visited the United States while touring with Cream. In March 1967, Cream performed a nine-show stand at the RKO Theater in New York. They recorded Disraeli Gears in New York from 11–15 May 1967. Cream's repertoire varied from hard rock (" I Feel Free ") to lengthy blues-based instrumental jams (" Spoonful "). Disraeli Gears featured Clapton's searing guitar lines, Bruce's soaring vocals and prominent, fluid bass playing, and Baker's powerful, polyrhythmic jazz-influenced drumming. Together, Cream's talents secured them as an influential power trio . Clapton's The Fool guitar (replica shown), with its bright artwork and famous "woman tone", was symbolic of the 1960s psychedelic rock era.

In 28 months, Cream had become a commercial success, selling millions of records and playing throughout the U.S. and Europe. They redefined the instrumentalist's role in rock and were one of the first blues-rock bands to emphasise musical virtuosity and lengthy jazz-style improvisation sessions. Their US hit singles include " Sunshine of Your Love " (#5, 1968), " White Room
White Room
" (#6, 1968) and "Crossroads " (#28, 1969) – a live version of Robert Johnson\'s "Cross Road Blues". Though Cream was hailed as one of the greatest groups of its day, and the adulation of Clapton as a guitar legend reached new heights, the supergroup was short-lived. Drug and alcohol use escalated tension between the three members, and conflicts between Bruce and Baker eventually led to Cream's demise. A strongly critical Rolling Stone review of a concert of the group's second headlining U.S. tour was another significant factor in the trio's demise, and it affected Clapton profoundly.

Cream's farewell album, Goodbye , featuring live performances recorded at The Forum , Los Angeles, 19 October 1968, was released shortly after Cream disbanded; it also featured the studio single "Badge ", co-written by Clapton and George Harrison . Clapton met Harrison and became close friends with him after the Beatles shared a bill with the Clapton-era Yardbirds at the London Palladium . Clapton played the lead guitar solo on Harrison's "While My Guitar Gently Weeps " from the Beatles' White Album (1968). Harrison's debut solo album, Wonderwall Music
Wonderwall Music
, in 1968, became the first of many Harrison solo records to include Clapton on guitar. Clapton would go largely uncredited for his contributions to Harrison's albums due to contractual restraints, and Harrison was credited as "L'Angelo Misterioso" for his contributions to the song "Badge" on Goodbye. The pair would often play live together as each other's guest. A year after Harrison's death in 2001, Clapton was musical director for the Concert for George .

In January 1969, when the Beatles were recording/filming what became Let It Be , tensions became so acute that Harrison quit the group for several days, prompting the others to consider replacing him with Clapton, an idea that particularly appealed to John Lennon . Michael Lindsay-Hogg, television director of the recording sessions for Let It Be, states, "I was there when John mentioned Clapton—but that wasn't going to happen. Would Eric have become a Beatle? No. Paul didn't want to go there. He didn't want them to break up. Then George came back." Clapton was on good terms with all four of the Beatles; in December 1968 he had played with Lennon at The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus as part of the one-off group the Dirty Mac .

Cream briefly reunited in 1993 to perform at the ceremony inducting them into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
; a full reunion took place in May 2005, with Clapton, Bruce, and Baker playing four sold-out concerts at London's Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall
, and three shows at New York's Madison Square Garden that October. Recordings from the London shows, Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall
London May 2-3-5-6, 2005 , were released on CD, LP, and DVD
DVD
in September/December 2005.

Blind Faith, Delaney And Bonnie And Friends

Main articles: Blind Faith and Delaney and Bonnie and Friends

Clapton's next group, Blind Faith (1969), was composed of Cream drummer Ginger Baker
Ginger Baker
, Steve Winwood of Traffic , and Ric Grech of Family , and yielded one LP and one arena-circuit tour. The supergroup debuted before 100,000 fans in London's Hyde Park on 7 June 1969. They performed several dates in Scandinavia and began a sold-out American tour in July before their only album was released. The LP Blind Faith consisted of just six songs, one of them the hit "Can\'t Find My Way Home ". The album's jacket image of a topless pubescent girl was deemed controversial in the United States and was replaced by a photograph of the band. Blind Faith dissolved after less than seven months.

Clapton subsequently toured as a sideman for an act that had opened for Blind Faith, Delaney and Bonnie and Friends . He also played two dates as a member of the Plastic Ono Band that autumn, including a recorded performance at the Toronto Rock and Roll Revival
Toronto Rock and Roll Revival
in September 1969 released as the album Live Peace in Toronto 1969 . On 30 September 1969, Clapton played lead guitar on Lennon's second solo single, " Cold Turkey ". On 15 December 1969 Clapton performed with Lennon, George Harrison, and others as the Plastic Ono Band at a fundraiser for UNICEF
UNICEF
in London.

Delaney Bramlett encouraged Clapton in his singing and writing. During the summer of 1969, Clapton and Bramlett contributed to the Music From Free Creek "supersession" project. Clapton, appearing as "King Cool" for contractual reasons, played with Dr. John
Dr. John
on three songs, joined by Bramlett on two tracks.

Using the Bramletts' backing group and an all-star cast of session players (including Leon Russell and Stephen Stills
Stephen Stills
), Clapton recorded his first solo album during two brief tour hiatuses, titled Eric Clapton . Delaney Bramlett co-wrote six of the songs with Clapton, also producing the LP, and Bonnie Bramlett co-wrote "Let It Rain". The album yielded the unexpected US No. 18 hit, J. J. Cale 's "After Midnight". Clapton also worked with much of Delaney and Bonnie's band to record George Harrison's All Things Must Pass in spring 1970. During this busy period, Clapton recorded with other artists including Dr. John, Leon Russell , Plastic Ono Band, Billy Preston
Billy Preston
, Ringo Starr and Dave Mason . Other notable recordings from this period include Clapton's guitar work on "Go Back Home" from Stephen Stills
Stephen Stills
' self-titled first solo album .

"LAYLA" AND SOLO CAREER

Derek And The Dominos

Main article: Derek and the Dominos
Derek and the Dominos

With the intention of counteracting the "star" cult faction that had begun to form around him, Clapton assembled a new band composed of Delaney and Bonnie's former rhythm section , Bobby Whitlock as keyboardist and vocalist, Carl Radle as the bassist, and drummer Jim Gordon , with Clapton playing guitar. It was his intention to show that he need not fill a starring role, and functioned well as a member of an ensemble. During this period, Clapton was increasingly influenced by The Band and their album Music from Big Pink , saying, "What I appreciated about the Band was that they were more concerned with songs and singing. They would have three- and four-part harmonies, and the guitar was put back into perspective as being accompaniment. That suited me well, because I had gotten so tired of the virtuosity—or pseudo-virtuosity—thing of long, boring guitar solos just because they were expected. The Band brought things back into perspective. The priority was the song." Clapton (right) with Derek and the Dominos
Derek and the Dominos

The band was originally called " Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
and Friends". The name "Derek and the Dominos" was a fluke that occurred when the band's provisional name of "Del and the Dynamos" was misread as Derek and the Dominos. Clapton's biography states that Tony Ashton of Ashton, Gardner and Dyke told Clapton to call the band "Del and the Dominos", since "Del" was his nickname for Eric Clapton. Del and Eric were combined and the final name became "Derek and the Dominos".

Clapton's close friendship with George Harrison brought him into contact with Harrison's wife, Pattie Boyd , with whom he became deeply infatuated. When she spurned his advances, Clapton's unrequited affections prompted most of the material for the Dominos' album, Layla and Other Assorted Love Songs (1970). Heavily blues-influenced, the album features the twin lead guitars of Clapton and Duane Allman, with Allman's slide guitar as a key ingredient of the sound. Working at Criteria Studios in Miami with Atlantic Records producer Tom Dowd , who had worked with Clapton on Cream's Disraeli Gears, the band recorded a double album.

The album features the hit love song " Layla
Layla
", inspired by the classical poet of Persian literature , Nizami Ganjavi 's The Story of Layla
Layla
and Majnun , a copy of which Ian Dallas had given to Clapton. The book moved Clapton profoundly, as it was the tale of a young man who fell hopelessly in love with a beautiful, unavailable woman and who went crazy because he could not marry her. The two parts of "Layla" were recorded in separate sessions: the opening guitar section was recorded first, and for the second section, laid down a few weeks later, drummer Jim Gordon played the piano part for the melody which he claimed to have written (though Bobby Whitlock stated that Rita Coolidge wrote it).

The Layla
Layla
LP was actually recorded by a five-piece version of the group, thanks to the unforeseen inclusion of guitarist Duane Allman of the Allman Brothers Band . A few days into the Layla
Layla
sessions, Dowd—who was also producing the Allmans—invited Clapton to an Allman Brothers outdoor concert in Miami. The two guitarists met first on stage, then played all night in the studio, and became friends. Duane first added his slide guitar to "Tell the Truth " and "Nobody Knows You When You\'re Down and Out ". In four days, the five-piece Dominos recorded " Key to the Highway ", " Have You Ever Loved a Woman " (a blues standard popularised by Freddie King and others), and "Why Does Love Got to be So Sad". In September, Duane briefly left the sessions for gigs with his own band, and the four-piece Dominos recorded "I Looked Away", "Bell Bottom Blues
Blues
", and "Keep on Growing". Duane returned to record "I am Yours", "Anyday ", and "It's Too Late". On 9 September, they recorded Hendrix's " Little Wing " and the title track. The following day, the final track, "It's Too Late", was recorded. Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
in Barcelona
Barcelona
, 1974

Tragedy dogged the group throughout its brief career. During the sessions, Clapton was devastated by news of the death of Jimi Hendrix; eight days previously the band had cut a cover of "Little Wing" as a tribute to Hendrix. On 17 September 1970, one day before Hendrix's death, Clapton had purchased a left-handed Fender Stratocaster that he had planned to give to Hendrix as a birthday gift. Adding to Clapton's woes, the Layla
Layla
album received only lukewarm reviews upon release. The shaken group undertook a US tour without Allman, who had returned to the Allman Brothers Band. Despite Clapton's later admission that the tour took place amidst a veritable blizzard of drugs and alcohol, it resulted in the live double album In Concert
In Concert
.

A second record was in the works when a clashing of egos took place and Clapton walked, thus disbanding the group. Allman was killed in a motorcycle accident on 29 October 1971. Clapton wrote later in his autobiography that he and Allman were inseparable during the sessions in Florida; he talked about Allman as the "musical brother I'd never had but wished I did". Although Radle would remain Clapton's bass player until the summer of 1979 (Radle died in May 1980 from the effects of alcohol and narcotics), it would be 2003 before Clapton and Whitlock appeared together again (Clapton guested on Whitlock's appearance on the Later with Jools Holland show). Another tragic footnote to the Dominos story was the fate of drummer Jim Gordon , who was an undiagnosed schizophrenic and years later murdered his mother during a psychotic episode . Gordon was confined to 16-years-to-life imprisonment, later being moved to a mental institution, where he remains today.

Personal Challenges And Early Solo Success

Clapton's career successes in the 1970s were in stark contrast with the struggles he coped with in his personal life, which was troubled by romantic longings and drug and alcohol addiction. He became infatuated with Pattie Boyd , who at the time was married to close friend George Harrison , and withdrew from recording and touring to isolation in his Surrey
Surrey
residence as the band broke up. There he nursed a heroin addiction , which resulted in a lengthy career hiatus interrupted only by the Concert for Bangladesh in August
August
1971 (where he passed out on stage, was revived, and managed to finish his performance). In January 1973, the Who\'s Pete Townshend
Pete Townshend
organised a comeback concert for Clapton at London's Rainbow Theatre , aptly titled the "Rainbow Concert ", to help Clapton kick his addiction. Clapton would return the favour by playing 'The Preacher' in Ken Russell\'s film version of the Who's Tommy in 1975; his appearance in the film (performing "Eyesight to the Blind") is notable as he is clearly wearing a fake beard in some shots, the result of deciding to shave off his real beard after the initial takes in an attempt to force the director to remove his earlier scene from the movie and leave the set. Yvonne Elliman with Clapton promoting 461 Ocean Boulevard in 1974

In 1974, Clapton started living with Pattie Boyd (they would not marry until 1979) and was no longer using heroin (although he gradually began to drink heavily). He assembled a low-key touring band that included Radle, Miami guitarist George Terry , keyboardist Dick Sims (who died in 2011 ), drummer Jamie Oldaker , and vocalists Yvonne Elliman and Marcy Levy (also known as Marcella Detroit). With this band Clapton recorded 461 Ocean Boulevard (1974), an album with an emphasis on more compact songs and fewer guitar solos; the cover version of " I Shot the Sheriff " was Clapton's first number one hit and was important in bringing reggae and the music of Bob Marley to a wider audience. The 1975 album There\'s One in Every Crowd continued this trend. The album's original title, The World's Greatest Guitar Player (There's One in Every Crowd), was changed before pressing, as it was felt its ironic intention would be misunderstood. The band toured the world and subsequently released the 1975 live LP, E.C. Was Here . Clapton continued to release albums and toured regularly. Highlights of the period include No Reason to Cry (a collaboration with Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
and The Band ); Slowhand , which featured "Wonderful Tonight " and a second J. J. Cale cover, "Cocaine ". In 1976 he performed as one of a string of notable guests at the farewell performance of The Band, filmed in a Martin Scorsese documentary called The Last Waltz .

CONTINUED SUCCESS

A seven-times Platinum RIAA
RIAA
certification for the album Timepieces: The Best of Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
(1982)

In 1981 Clapton was invited by producer Martin Lewis to appear at the Amnesty International benefit The Secret Policeman\'s Other Ball in London. Clapton accepted the invitation and teamed up with Jeff Beck to perform a series of duets—reportedly their first ever billed stage collaboration. Three of the performances were released on the album of the show, and one of the songs was featured in the film. The performances at London's Drury Lane theatre heralded a return to form and prominence for Clapton in the new decade. Many factors had influenced Clapton's comeback, including his "deepening commitment to Christianity", to which he had converted prior to his heroin addiction.

After calling his manager and admitting he was an alcoholic, Clapton flew to Minneapolis–Saint Paul
Minneapolis–Saint Paul
in January 1982 and checked in at Hazelden Treatment Center , located in Center City, Minnesota . On the flight over, Clapton indulged in a large number of drinks, for fear he would never be able to drink again. Clapton wrote in his autobiography:

In the lowest moments of my life, the only reason I didn't commit suicide was that I knew I wouldn't be able to drink any more if I was dead. It was the only thing I thought was worth living for, and the idea that people were about to try and remove me from alcohol was so terrible that I drank and drank and drank, and they had to practically carry me into the clinic. Tina Turner and Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
at Wembley Arena , 18 June 1987

After being discharged, it was recommended by doctors of Hazelden that Clapton not partake in any activities that would act as triggers for his alcoholism or stress. A few months after his discharge, Clapton began working on his next album, against the Hazelden doctors' orders. Working with Tom Dowd, Clapton produced what he thought as his "most forced" album to date, Money and Cigarettes .

In 1984 he performed on former Pink Floyd member Roger Waters ' solo album, The Pros and Cons of Hitch Hiking , and joined the supporting tour. Since then Waters and Clapton have had a close relationship. In 2005 they performed together for the Tsunami Relief Fund. In 2006 they performed at the Highclere Castle, in aid of the Countryside Alliance, playing two set pieces of "Wish You Were Here " and "Comfortably Numb ". Clapton, now a seasoned charity performer, played at the Live Aid concert on 13 July 1985. When offered a slot close to peak viewing hours, he was apparently flattered. As Clapton recovered from his addictions, his album output continued in the 1980s, including two produced with Phil Collins , 1985's Behind the Sun , which produced the hits "Forever Man" and "She's Waiting", and 1986's August
August
. George Harrison and Clapton at the Prince\'s Trust Concert, Wembley Arena , 1987

August
August
was suffused with Collins's trademark drum and horn sound, and became Clapton's biggest seller in the UK to date, matching his highest chart position, number 3. The album's first track, the hit "It's in the Way That You Use It", was featured in the Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
Paul Newman movie The Color of Money . The horn-peppered "Run" echoed Collins' " Sussudio " and other work, while "Tearing Us Apart" (with Tina Turner ) and "Miss You" continued Clapton's more angry sound. This rebound kicked off Clapton's two-year period of touring with Collins and their August
August
collaborators, bassist Nathan East and keyboard player/songwriter Greg Phillinganes . While on tour for August, two concert videos were recorded of the four-man band, Eric Clapton Live from Montreux and Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
and Friends. Clapton later remade "After Midnight" as a single and a promotional track for the Michelob beer brand, which had also used earlier songs by Collins and Steve Winwood . Clapton won a British Academy Television Award
British Academy Television Award
for his collaboration with Michael Kamen on the score for the 1985 BBC Television thriller serial Edge of Darkness . In 1989, Clapton released Journeyman , an album which covered a wide range of styles including blues, jazz, soul and pop. Collaborators included George Harrison, Phil Collins, Daryl Hall , Chaka Khan
Chaka Khan
, Mick Jones , David Sanborn and Robert Cray . At the 1987 Brit Awards in London, Clapton was awarded the prize for Outstanding Contribution to Music.

Clapton would also get together with the Bee Gees for charity. The supergroup called itself The Bunburys , and recorded a charity album with the proceeds going to the Bunbury Cricket Club , which plays exhibition cricket matches to raise money for nonprofit organizations in England. The Bunburys recorded three songs for The Bunbury Tails: “We’re the Bunburys”, “Bunbury Afternoon”, and “Fight (No Matter How Long)”. The last song also appeared on The 1988 Summer Olympics Album , and went to #8 on the rock music chart.

RESURGENCE AND STARDOM

The 1990s brought a series of 32 concerts to the Royal Albert Hall, such as the 24 Nights series of concerts that took place around January through February 1990, and February to March 1991. On 27 August
August
1990, fellow blues guitarist Stevie Ray Vaughan , who was touring with Clapton, and three members of their road crew were killed in a helicopter crash between concerts. Then, on 20 March 1991, Clapton's four-year-old son, Conor, died after falling from the 53rd-floor window of his mother's friend's New York City
New York City
apartment at 117 East 57th Street. Conor's funeral took place on 28 March at St Mary Magdalene's Church in Clapton's home village in Ripley, Surrey . I almost subconsciously used music for myself as a healing agent, and lo and behold, it worked... I have got a great deal of happiness and a great deal of healing from music. —Clapton on the healing process in writing "Tears in Heaven".

Clapton's grief was expressed in the song " Tears in Heaven ", which was co-written by Will Jennings . At the 35th Grammy Awards , Clapton received six Grammys for the single "Tears in Heaven" and his Unplugged album. Unplugged features Clapton performing live in front of a small audience on 16 January 1992 at Bray Film Studios in Windsor, Berkshire , England. The album reached number one on the Billboard 200 , and has since been certified Diamond by the RIAA
RIAA
for selling over 10 million copies in the US. On 9 September 1992, Clapton performed "Tears in Heaven" at the 1992 MTV Video Music Awards , and won the award for Best Male Video.

In October 1992 Clapton was among the dozens of artists performing at Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
's 30th Anniversary Concert Celebration . Recorded at Madison Square Garden in New York City, the live two-disk CD/DVD captured a show full of celebrities performing classic Dylan songs, with Clapton playing the lead on a nearly 7-minute version of Dylan's "Knockin\' on Heaven\'s Door " as part of the finale. While Unplugged featured Clapton playing acoustic guitar , his 1994 album From the Cradle contained new versions of old blues standards , highlighted by his electric guitar playing. In 1995, Clapton for the first and only time featured on a UK No. 1 single, collaborating with Chrissie Hynde , Cher
Cher
and Neneh Cherry on a solo to a cover of "Love Can Build a Bridge " released in aid of the British charity telethon Comic Relief .

Clapton's 1996 recording of the Wayne Kirkpatrick /Gordon Kennedy / Tommy Sims tune "Change the World" (featured in the soundtrack of the film Phenomenon ) won the Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Song of the Year in 1997, the same year he recorded Retail Therapy (an album of electronic music with Simon Climie under the pseudonym TDF ). On 15 September 1997, Clapton appeared at the Music for Montserrat concert at the Royal Albert Hall, London, performing "Layla" and "Same Old Blues" before finishing with "Hey Jude" alongside fellow English artists Paul McCartney , Elton John , Phil Collins, Mark Knopfler and Sting . That autumn, Clapton released the album Pilgrim , the first record featuring new material for almost a decade.

In 1996 Clapton had a relationship with singer-songwriter Sheryl Crow . They remain friends, and Clapton appeared as a guest on Crow's Central Park Concert. The duo performed a Cream hit single, "White Room ". Later, Clapton and Crow performed an alternate version of "Tulsa Time" with other guitar legends at the Crossroads Guitar Festival in June 2007 as well as Robert Johnson 's blues classic "Crossroads " at London's Hyde Park in August
August
2008 with John Mayer and Robert Randolph .

In 1998 Clapton, then 53, met 22-year-old administrative assistant Melia McEnery in Columbus, Ohio , at a party given for him after a performance. He quietly dated her for a year, and went public with the relationship in 1999. They married on 1 January 2001 at St Mary Magdalene church in Clapton's birthplace, Ripley . They have three daughters, Julie Rose (13 June 2001), Ella May (14 January 2003), and Sophie Belle (1 February 2005).

At the 41st Grammy Awards on 24 February 1999, Clapton received his third Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance , for his song "My Father's Eyes". In October 1999, the compilation album, Clapton Chronicles: The Best of Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
, was released, which contained a new song, " Blue Eyes Blue ", that also appears in soundtrack for the film, Runaway Bride . Clapton finished the twentieth century with collaborations with Carlos Santana
Carlos Santana
and B.B. King
B.B. King
.

COLLABORATION ALBUMS

Clapton performing for Tsunami Relief Cardiff at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff, Wales on 22 January 2005

Following the release of the 2001 record Reptile , in June 2002, Clapton performed "Layla" and "While My Guitar Gently Weeps" at the Party at the Palace concert in the grounds of Buckingham Palace
Buckingham Palace
. On 29 November 2002, the Concert for George was held at the Royal Albert Hall , a tribute to George Harrison, who had died a year earlier of lung cancer. Clapton was a performer and the musical director. The concert featured Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr, Jeff Lynne , Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers , Ravi Shankar , Gary Brooker , Billy Preston, Joe Brown and Dhani Harrison . In 2004, Clapton released two albums of covers of songs by bluesman Robert Johnson , Me and Mr. Johnson and Sessions for Robert J . Guitarist Doyle Bramhall II worked on the album with Clapton (after opening Clapton's 2001 tour with his band Smokestack) and would join him on his 2004 tour. In 2004, Rolling Stone ranked Clapton No. 53 on their list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time" . Clapton performing at the Ahoy Arena of Rotterdam on 1 June 2006

On 22 January 2005, Clapton performed in the Tsunami Relief Concert held at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff
Cardiff
, in aid of the victims of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake
2004 Indian Ocean earthquake
. In May 2005 Eric Clapton, Jack Bruce, and Ginger Baker
Ginger Baker
reunited as Cream for a series of concerts at the Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall
in London. Concert recordings were released on CD and DVD. Later, Cream performed in New York at Madison Square Garden . Back Home , Clapton's first album of new original material in nearly five years, was released on Reprise Records on 30 August.

A collaboration with guitarist J. J. Cale, titled The Road to Escondido , was released on 7 November 2006, featuring Derek Trucks and Billy Preston
Billy Preston
(Preston had also been a part of Clapton's 2004 touring band). The 14-track CD was produced and recorded by the duo in August
August
2005 in California. He invited Trucks to join his band for his 2006–2007 world tour. Bramhall remained in the band as well, giving Clapton three elite guitarists in his band and thus allowing him to revisit many Derek and the Dominos
Derek and the Dominos
songs that he hadn't played in decades. Trucks became the third member of the Allman Brothers Band to tour supporting Clapton, the second being pianist/keyboardist Chuck Leavell , who appeared on the MTV Unplugged album and the 24 Nights performances at the Royal Albert Hall, London in 1990 and 1991, as well as Clapton's 1992 US tour.

On 20 May 2006, Clapton performed with Queen drummer Roger Taylor and former Pink Floyd bassist/songwriter Roger Waters at the Highclere Castle , Hampshire, in support of the Countryside Alliance. On 13 August
August
2006, Clapton made a guest appearance at the Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
concert in Columbus, Ohio , playing guitar on three songs in Jimmie Vaughan 's opening act. The chemistry between Trucks and Clapton convinced him to invite The Derek Trucks Band to open for Clapton's set at his 2007 Crossroads Guitar Festival . Trucks remained on set afterward and performed with Clapton's band throughout his performances. The rights to Clapton's official memoirs, written by Christopher Simon Sykes and published in 2007, were sold at the 2005 Frankfurt Book Fair for US$4 million.

On 26 February 2008, it was reported that North Korean officials had invited Clapton to play a concert in the communist state . Clapton's management received the invitation and passed it on to the singer, who agreed in principle and suggested it take place sometime in 2009. Kristen Foster, a spokesperson, said, " Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
receives numerous offers to play in countries around the world", and "here is no agreement whatsoever for him to play in North Korea". Clapton (left) and actor Bill Murray
Bill Murray
kicking off the Crossroads Guitar Festival , Illinois on 27 July 2007

In 2007 Clapton learned more about his father, a Canadian soldier who left the UK after the war. Although Clapton's grandparents eventually told him the truth about his parentage, he only knew that his father's name was Edward Fryer. This was a source of disquiet for Clapton, as witnessed by his 1998 song "My Father\'s Eyes ". A Montreal
Montreal
journalist named Michael Woloschuk researched Canadian Armed Forces service records and tracked down members of Fryer's family, and finally pieced together the story. He learned that Clapton's father was Edward Walter Fryer, born 21 March 1920, in Montreal
Montreal
and died 15 May 1985 in Newmarket, Ontario . Fryer was a musician (piano and saxophone) and a lifelong drifter who was married several times, had several children, and apparently never knew that he was the father of Eric Clapton. Clapton thanked Woloschuk in an encounter at Macdonald Cartier Airport, in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

In February 2008 Clapton performed with his long-time friend Steve Winwood at Madison Square Garden and guested on his recorded single, "Dirty City", on Winwood's album Nine Lives . The two former Blind Faith bandmates met again for a series of 14 concerts throughout the United States in June 2009. Clapton's 2008 Summer Tour began on 3 May at the Ford Amphitheatre , Tampa, Florida , and then moved to Canada, Ireland, England, Norway, Iceland, Denmark, Poland, Germany, and Monaco. On 28 June 2008, he headlined Saturday night for Hard Rock Calling 2008 in London's Hyde Park (previously Hyde Park Calling) with support from Sheryl Crow and John Mayer . In September 2008 Clapton performed at a private charity fundraiser for The Countryside Alliance at Floridita in Soho
Soho
, London, that included such guests as the London Mayor Boris Johnson
Boris Johnson
. Clapton (right) performing with the Allman Brothers Band at the Beacon Theatre , New York City
New York City
in March 2009

In March 2009, the Allman Brothers Band (amongst many notable guests) celebrated their 40th year, dedicating their string of concerts to the late Duane Allman on their annual run at the Beacon Theatre . Eric Clapton was one of the performers, with drummer Butch Trucks remarking that the performance was not the typical Allman Brothers experience, given the number and musical styles of the guests who were invited to perform. Songs like " In Memory of Elizabeth Reed " were punctuated with others, including " The Weight ", with Levon Helm
Levon Helm
; Johnny Winter sitting in on Hendrix's "Red House "; and "Layla". On 4 May 2009 Clapton appeared as a featured guest at the Royal Albert Hall, playing " Further on Up the Road " with Joe Bonamassa
Joe Bonamassa
.

Clapton was scheduled to be one of the performers at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame 's 25th anniversary concert in Madison Square Garden on 30 October 2009, but cancelled due to gallstone surgery. Van Morrison (who also cancelled) said in an interview that he and Clapton were to do a "couple of songs", but that they would do something else together at "some other stage of the game".

CLAPTON, OLD SOCK AND I STILL DO

Clapton performing in Munich, Germany on 5 June 2010

Clapton performed a two-night show with Jeff Beck
Jeff Beck
at London\'s O2 Arena on 13–14 February 2010. The two former Yardbirds extended their 2010 tour with stops at Madison Square Garden, the Air Canada Centre in Toronto, and the Bell Centre in Montreal. Clapton performed a series of concerts in 11 cities throughout the United States from 25 February to 13 March 2010, including Roger Daltrey
Roger Daltrey
as opening act. His third European tour with Steve Winwood began on 18 May and ended 13 June, including Tom Norris as opening act. He then began a short North American tour lasting from 26 June to 3 July, starting with his third Crossroads Guitar Festival on 26 June at Toyota Park in Bridgeview, Illinois . Clapton released a new studio album, Clapton , on 27 September 2010 in the United Kingdom and 28 September 2010 in the United States. On 17 November 2010, Clapton performed as guest on the Prince\'s Trust rock gala held at the Royal Albert Hall, supported by the house band for the evening, which included Jools Holland , Midge Ure and Mark King . Clapton, Keb\' Mo\' and Buddy Guy
Buddy Guy
at the Crossroads Guitar Festival on 26 June 2010

On 24 June 2011, Clapton was in concert with Pino Daniele in Cava de\' Tirreni stadium before performing a series of concerts in South America from 6 to 16 October 2011. He spent November and December 2011 touring Japan with Steve Winwood , playing 13 shows in various cities throughout the country. On 24 February 2012 Clapton, Keith Richards , Gary Clark Jr. , Derek Trucks, Doyle Bramhall II , Kim Wilson and other artists performed together in the Howlin' For Hubert Tribute concert held at the Apollo Theater of New York honouring blues guitarist Hubert Sumlin who died at age 80 on 4 December 2011. On 29 November 2012, Clapton joined The Rolling Stones at London's O2 Arena during the band's second of five arena dates celebrating their 50th anniversary. On 12 December, Clapton performed The Concert for Sandy Relief at Madison Square Garden, broadcast live via television, radio, cinemas and the Internet across six continents. Clapton performing with bassist Nathan East in May 2015

In January 2013, Surfdog Records announced a signed deal with Clapton for the release of his forthcoming album Old Sock on 12 March. On 8 April 2013, Eric and Hard Rock International launched the limited-edition Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
Artist Spotlight merchandise programme benefiting Crossroads Centre Antigua. Clapton toured the US and Europe from 14 March to 19 June 2013 to celebrate 50 years as a professional musician. On 28 February 2013, Clapton announced his intention to stop touring in 2015 due to hassles with travel.

On 15 October 2013, Clapton's popular Unplugged album and concert DVD were re-released, titled Unplugged: Expanded he later saw Holly on Sunday Night at the London Palladium . In his autobiography, Clapton recounted the first time he saw Holly and his Fender, saying, "I thought I'd died and gone to heaven ... it was like seeing an instrument from outer space and I said to myself: 'That's the future – that's what I want'".

LEGACY

Clapton has been referred to as one of the most important and influential guitarists of all time. Clapton is the only three-time inductee to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
: once as a solo artist, and separately as a member of the Yardbirds and Cream. He ranked second in Rolling Stone magazine's list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time" and fourth in Gibson\'s Top 50 Guitarists of All Time.

Guitarists influenced by Clapton include Slash , Allen Collins , Richie Sambora , Stevie Ray Vaughan , Gary Moore , Duane Allman , Derek Trucks , Eddie Van Halen
Eddie Van Halen
, Terry Kath , Brian May , Tony Iommi , Lenny Kravitz
Lenny Kravitz
, Ted Nugent , Orianthi , Vince Gill , Brad Paisley
Brad Paisley
, Jonny Buckland , Joe Don Rooney , Alex Lifeson , Jonny Lang , John Mayer , Joe Satriani , Joe Bonamassa
Joe Bonamassa
, Davy Knowles , Lindsay Ell , Neal Schon , and Mark Knopfler .

In 2012, Clapton was among the British cultural icons selected by artist Sir Peter Blake to appear in a new version of his most famous artwork – the Beatles' Sgt. Pepper\'s Lonely Hearts Club Band album cover – to celebrate the British cultural figures of his life that he most admires to mark his 80th birthday.

GUITARS

Clapton on the There's One in Every Crowd Tour, with "Blackie " on 15 August
August
1975

Clapton's choice of electric guitars has been as notable as the man himself; like Hank Marvin
Hank Marvin
, the Beatles and Jimi Hendrix, Clapton exerted a crucial and widespread influence in popularising particular models of electric guitar. With the Yardbirds, Clapton played a Fender Telecaster, a Fender Jazzmaster , a double-cutaway Gretsch 6120 , and a 1964 Cherry-Red Gibson ES-335. He became exclusively a Gibson player for a period beginning in mid-1965, when he purchased a used sunburst Gibson Les Paul
Gibson Les Paul
guitar from a guitar store in London. Clapton commented on the slim profile of the neck, which would indicate it was a 1960 model.

Early during his stint in Cream, Clapton's first Les Paul Standard was stolen. He continued to play Les Pauls exclusively with Cream (one bought from Andy Summers was almost identical to the stolen guitar) until 1967, when he acquired his most famous guitar in this period, a 1964 Gibson SG , dubbed "the Fool ". Clapton used both the Les Paul and the SG to create his self-described "woman tone". He explained in a 1967 interview, "I am playing more smoothly now. I’m developing what I call my 'woman tone.' It's a sweet sound, something like the solo on 'I Feel Free'." Writer Michael Dregni describes it as "thick yet piercing, overdriven yet smooth, distorted yet creamy". The tone is achieved by a combination of tone control settings on the guitars and Clapton's Marshall JTM45 amplifier. Vintage Guitar magazine identifies "the opening riff and solo of 'Sunshine of Your Love' are arguably the best illustrations of full-blown woman tone". Clapton's "Fool" acquired its name from its distinctive psychedelic paint job, created by the visual art collective also known as the Fool (just before Cream's first US appearance in 1967, Clapton\'s SG , Bruce's Fender VI
Fender VI
, and Baker's drum head were all repainted in psychedelic designs).

In 1968 Clapton bought a Gibson Firebird and started using the 1964 Cherry-Red Gibson ES-335 again. The aforementioned 1964 ES-335 had a storied career. Clapton used it at the last Cream show in November 1968 as well as with Blind Faith, played it sparingly for slide pieces in the 1970s, used it on "Hard Times" from Journeyman , the Hyde Park live concert of 1996, and the From the Cradle sessions and tour of 1994–95. It was sold for US$847,500 at a 2004 auction. Gibson produced a limited run of 250 "Crossroads 335" replicas. The 335 was only the second electric guitar Clapton bought.

In July 1968 Clapton gave George Harrison a 1957 'goldtop' Gibson Les Paul that been refinished with a red colour, nicknamed Lucy . The following September, Clapton played the guitar on the Beatles' recording of " While My Guitar Gently Weeps ". Lucy was stolen from Harrison, though later tracked down and returned to him - he lent it to Clapton for his 1973 comeback concert at the Rainbow . His SG found its way into the hands of George Harrison's friend Jackie Lomax , who subsequently sold it to musician Todd Rundgren
Todd Rundgren
for US$500 in 1972. Rundgren restored the guitar and nicknamed it "Sunny", after "Sunshine of Your Love". He retained it until 2000, when he sold it at an auction for US$150,000. At the 1969 Blind Faith concert in Hyde Park, London Clapton played a Fender Custom Telecaster , which was fitted with "Brownie "'s neck.

In late 1969 Clapton made the switch to the Fender Stratocaster . "I had a lot of influences when I took up the Strat. First there was Buddy Holly , and Buddy Guy
Buddy Guy
. Hank Marvin
Hank Marvin
was the first well known person over here in England who was using one, but that wasn't really my kind of music. Steve Winwood had so much credibility, and when he started playing one, I thought, oh, if he can do it, I can do it". The first—used during the recording of Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
—was "Brownie", which in 1973 became the backup to the most famous of all Clapton's guitars, "Blackie ". In November 1970 Eric bought six Fender Stratocasters from the Sho-bud guitar shop in Nashville, Tennessee while on tour with the Dominos. He gave one each to George Harrison, Steve Winwood, and Pete Townshend. Clapton with Blackie, while on tour in the Netherlands, 1978

Clapton assembled the best components of the remaining three to create "Blackie", which was his favourite stage guitar until its retirement in 1985. It was first played live 13 January 1973 at the Rainbow Concert . Clapton called the 1956/57 Strat a "mongrel". On 24 June 2004, Clapton sold "Blackie" at Christie\'s Auction House, New York, for US$959,500 to raise funds for his Crossroads Centre for drug and alcohol addictions. "Brownie" is now on display at the Experience Music Project . The Fender Custom Shop has since produced a limited run of 275 'Blackie' replicas, correct in every detail right down to the 'Duck Brothers' flight case, and artificially aged using Fender's 'Relic' process to simulate years of hard wear. One was presented to Clapton upon the model's release and was used for three numbers during a concert at the Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall
on 17 May 2006.

In 1981 Clapton gave his signed Fender Lead II guitar to the Hard Rock Cafe to designate his favourite bar stool. Pete Townshend
Pete Townshend
also donated his own Gibson Les Paul
Gibson Les Paul
guitar, with a note attached: "Mine's as good as his! Love, Pete".

Signature guitars in Clapton's honour are made by Fender and C.F. Martin "> Clapton's handprints in Hollywood, California
Hollywood, California

Clapton frequently appears as a guest on the albums of other musicians. He played lead guitar and synthesiser on The Pros and Cons of Hitch Hiking , Roger Waters ' debut solo album. Other media appearances include the Toots within five minutes, Clapton replied with "I can't let this happen".

CAR COLLECTION

Since the 1970s, Clapton considered himself a "car enthusiast" and often stated his passion for the Ferrari
Ferrari
brand. Clapton currently owns or has owned a range of Ferraris, and when asked about his Ferrari
Ferrari
collection in 1989, he said he liked the touring cars for road use the company produces and commented "if I had more space and if I had been wise I would have a huge collection by now and I would be a multi-multi-millionaire". In 2010, he explained that for him "Ferrari has always been the number one car" to own and drive, and that he always supported Ferrari
Ferrari
on the road and in Formula One
Formula One
motor racing. In 2012, Ferrari
Ferrari
honoured Clapton with the one-off special project car, the Ferrari
Ferrari
SP12 EC . In 2014, Clapton explained that Ferrari
Ferrari
is still his favourite car brand. Among the other vehicles Clapton owns or has owned during his life are a vintage Mini
Mini
Cooper Radford which was a gift from George Harrison.

CHARITABLE WORK

In 1993, Clapton was appointed a director of Clouds House , a UK treatment centre for drug and alcohol dependence, and served on their board until 1997. Clapton also served on the board of directors for The Chemical Dependency Centre from 1994 until 1999. Both charities subsequently merged to become Action on Addiction in 2007.

In 1998, he established the Crossroads Centre in Antigua
Antigua
to help others overcome their addictions to drugs and alcohol and is active in its management oversight and fundraising to the present day. Clapton has organised the Crossroads Guitar Festival in 1999, 2004, 2007, 2010 and 2013 to raise funds for this centre.

In 2008, he donated a song to Aid Still Required 's CD to assist with the restoration of the devastation done to Southeast Asia from the 2004 tsunami
2004 tsunami
.

FOOTBALL

Clapton is a fan of English Premier League
Premier League
football club West Bromwich Albion . In 1982 he performed a concert before West Brom player John Wile 's testimonial game at The Hawthorns . It has been reported that the club rejected his offer to invest cash in the club around this time. In the late 1970s Clapton positioned a West Brom scarf on the back cover of his album, Backless. In the 1978-79 season Clapton sponsored West Brom's UEFA Cup
UEFA Cup
home game against Turkish club Galatasaray .

AWARDS AND HONOURS

YEAR AWARD / RECOGNITION

1983

Presented the Silver Clef Award from Princess Michael of Kent for outstanding contribution to British music.

1985

Presented with BAFTA
BAFTA
for Best Original Television Music for Score of Edge of Darkness with Michael Kamen .

1993

"Tears in Heaven" won three Grammy awards for Song of the Year, Record of the Year, and Male Pop Vocal Performance. Clapton also won Album of the Year and Best Rock Vocal Performance for Unplugged and Best Rock Song for "Layla".

1995

Made an Officer of the Order of the British Empire
Order of the British Empire
(OBE) for services to music, as part of the 1995 New Year Honours list.

2000

Inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
for the third time, this time as a solo artist. He was earlier inducted as a member of the bands Cream and the Yardbirds.

2004

Promoted to Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Order of the British Empire
(CBE), receiving the award from the Princess Royal at Buckingham Palace
Buckingham Palace
as part of the 2004 New Year Honours list.

2006

Awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award as a member of Cream.

2017

Made a Commandeur of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres of France

CLAPTON\'S MUSIC IN FILM AND TV

Clapton's music has appeared in dozens of movies and television shows as far back as 1973's Mean Streets which featured the song "I Looked Away". Other appearances in media include in the Miami Vice series (" Wonderful Tonight ", "Knock on Wood", "She's Waiting", and "Layla "), Back to the Future ("Heaven Is One Step Away"), The Color of Money ("It's In The Way That You Use It"), Lethal Weapon 2 ("Knockin\' On Heaven\'s Door "), Goodfellas (" Layla
Layla
" and " Sunshine of Your Love "), Freaks and Geeks episode "I'm With the Band" ("Sunshine of Your Love ", " White Room
White Room
" and " Crossroads (song) "), Friends
Friends
episodes "The One with the Proposal, Part 2 " (" Wonderful Tonight ") and "The One Where Rachel Has A Baby" ("River of Tears"), Men in Black III ("Strange Brew"), Captain Phillips (film) (" Wonderful Tonight ") and August: Osage County (film) (" Lay Down Sally ") for which it was a significant part of the soundtrack, being played in the intro and twice more later on. Also, Opel
Opel
and Vauxhall used the guitar riff from " Layla
Layla
" in their advertising campaigns throughout 1987–95. In addition to his music appearing in media, Clapton has contributed to several movies by writing or co-writing the musical scores or contributing original songs. These movies include Lethal Weapon (co-written with Michael Kamen), Communion , Rush , Phenomenon (" Change the World "), and Lethal Weapon 3 (co-wrote and co-performed "It's Probably Me" with Sting and "Runaway Train" with Elton John).

DISCOGRAPHY

Main article: Eric Clapton discography

SOLO STUDIO ALBUMS

* Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
(1970) * 461 Ocean Boulevard (1974) * There\'s One in Every Crowd (1975) * No Reason to Cry (1976) * Slowhand (1977) * Backless (1978) * Another Ticket (1981) * Money and Cigarettes (1983) * Behind the Sun (1985) * August
August
(1986) * Journeyman (1989) * Rush (1992) * From the Cradle (1994) * Pilgrim (1998) * Reptile (2001) * Me and Mr. Johnson (2004) * Sessions for Robert J (2004) * Back Home (2005) * Clapton (2010) * Old Sock (2013) * The Breeze: An Appreciation of JJ Cale (2014) * I Still Do (2016)

COLLABORATIONS

* Riding with the King (with B.B. King
B.B. King
) (2000) * The Road to Escondido (with J. J. Cale ) (2006)

REFERENCES

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Eric Clapton
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FURTHER READING

This article's further reading MAY NOT FOLLOW\'S CONTENT POLICIES OR GUIDELINES . Please improve this article by removing less relevant or redundant publications with the same point of view ; or by incorporating the relevant publications into the body of the article through appropriate citations . (October 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )

On Clapton's career

*

* Robin Bextor, Eric Clapton: Now originally publ. as "Survivor: The Authorized Biography", Sidgwick & Jackson, 1985, 300 pp. * Geoffrey Giuliano, Brenda Giuliano and Deborah Lynn Black, The Illustrated Eric Clapton, Sunburst Books, 1994, 96 pp. * George Harrison, Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
rev. & upd. Vermilion, 1985 or 1987, 123 pp. * Marc Roberty, Eric Clapton: The Complete Recording Sessions 1963–1992, Blandford or St. Martin's Press, 1993, 192 pp. * Marc Roberty, Slowhand: The Life upd. ed. Crown, 1993, 192 pp. * Marc Roberty, Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
in His Own Words, Omnibus Press, 1993, 96 pp. * Marc Roberty, Eric Clapton: The New Visual Documentary, Omnibus Press, 1990, 128 pp.; rev. ed., 1994, ...pp.; originally publ. as Eric Clapton: A Visual Documentary, 1986, ... pp. * Marc Roberty, Clapton: The Complete Chronicle, Pyramid, 1991, 176 pp. / Mitchell Beazley 1993, 192 pp. * Marc Roberty, Eric Clapton: The Man, the Music and the Memorabilia, Paper Tiger-Dragon's World, 1994, 226 pp. * Marc Roberty, The Complete Guide to the Music of Eric Clapton, Omnibus Press, 1995, 152 pp. CD format; rev. ed., 2005, 128 pp. * Marc Roberty, Eric Clapton, CD Books, Orion, 1994, ...pp or MBS (Miami), 1996, 120 pp. CD format * Marc Roberty and Chris Welch, Eric Clapton: The Illustrated Disco/Biography, Omnibus Press, 1984, 80 pp. or Beekman (New York), 1990, ...pp. * Michael Schumacher, Crossroads: The Life and Music of Eric Clapton, Hyperion, 1995, 388 pp.; rev. ed, Time Warner p'backs, 1998, 411 pp.; new ed. titled Eric Clapton, Sphere, 2008, 432 pp. * Harry Shapiro, Eric Clapton: Lost in The Blues, Guinness Books or Muze, 1992, 256 pp.; rev. ed. Da Capo press, 1193, 225 pp.; originally publ. as Slowhand: The Story of Eric Clapton, Proteus Books, 1985, 160 pp. * Dave Thompson, Cream: The World's First Supergroup, Virgin Books, 2005, 256 pp.; rev., upd. Backbeat Books, 2000, 192 pp.

About Clapton's playing and sound

*

* David M. Brewster (2003). "Eric Clapton". Introduction to Guitar Tone & Effects. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 54. ISBN 978-0-634-06046-5 . * H. P. Newquist and Richard Maloof (2003). "Eric Clapton". The Blues-Rock Masters. Backbeat Books. p. 27. ISBN 978-0-87930-735-6 . * Pete Prown and Lisa Sharken (2003). "Eric Clapton". Gear Secrets of the Guitar Legends. Backbeat Books. p. 6. ISBN 9780879307516 .

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