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In Greek mythology
Greek mythology
, EREBUS /ˈɛrəbəs/ , also EREBOS (Greek : Ἔρεβος, "deep darkness, shadow"), was often conceived as a primordial deity , representing the personification of darkness; for instance, Hesiod
Hesiod
's Theogony
Theogony
identifies him as one of the first five beings in existence, born of Chaos . Erebus
Erebus
features little in Greek mythological tradition and literature, but is said to have fathered several other deities with Nyx
Nyx
; depending on the source of the mythology, this union includes Aether , Hemera
Hemera
, the Hesperides
Hesperides
, Hypnos
Hypnos
, the Moirai
Moirai
, Geras
Geras
, Styx
Styx
, Charon , and Thanatos
Thanatos
.

In Greek literature
Greek literature
the name Erebus
Erebus
is also used as a region of the Greek underworld where the dead pass immediately after dying, and is sometimes used interchangeably with Tartarus
Tartarus
.

The perceived meaning of Erebus
Erebus
is "darkness"; the first recorded instance of it was "place of darkness between earth and Hades". The name Ἔρεβος itself originates from PIE *h1regʷ-es/os- "darkness" (cf. Sanskrit
Sanskrit
rájas, Gothic riqis, Old Norse
Old Norse
røkkr).

According to the Greek oral poet Hesiod
Hesiod
's Theogony
Theogony
, Erebus
Erebus
is the offspring of Chaos , and brother to Nyx
Nyx
: "From Chaos came forth Erebus
Erebus
and black Night (Nyx); but of Night were born Aether and Day ( Hemera
Hemera
), whom she conceived and bore from union in love with Erebus." Hesiod, Theogony
Theogony
(120–125)

The Roman writer Hyginus , in his Fabulae, d