Greek mythology , EREBUS /ˈɛrəbəs/ , also EREBOS (Greek :
Ἔρεβος, "deep darkness, shadow"), was often conceived as a
primordial deity , representing the personification of darkness; for
Theogony identifies him as one of the first five
beings in existence, born of Chaos .
Erebus features little in Greek
mythological tradition and literature, but is said to have fathered
several other deities with
Nyx ; depending on the source of the
mythology, this union includes Aether ,
Hemera , the
Hypnos , the
Styx , Charon , and
Greek literature the name
Erebus is also used as a region of the
Greek underworld where the dead pass immediately after dying, and is
sometimes used interchangeably with
The perceived meaning of
Erebus is "darkness"; the first recorded
instance of it was "place of darkness between earth and Hades". The
name Ἔρεβος itself originates from PIE *h1regʷ-es/os-
Sanskrit rájas, Gothic riqis,
Old Norse røkkr).
According to the Greek oral poet
Erebus is the
offspring of Chaos , and brother to
Nyx : "From Chaos came forth
Erebus and black Night (Nyx); but of Night were born Aether and Day
Hemera ), whom she conceived and bore from union in love with
The Roman writer Hyginus , in his Fabulae, described
Erebus as the
Geras , the god of old age.
* ^ A B Ἔρεβος. Liddell, Henry George ; Scott, Robert ; A
Greek–English Lexicon at the
Perseus Project .
* ^ Hesiod,
* ^ Elizabeth, Alice (1896). The Sources of Spenser\'s Classical
Mythology. New York: Silver, Burdett and Company. pp. 52, 55.
* ^ Morford, Mark P. O. (1999). Classical Mythology: Sixth Edition.
New York: Oxford University Press US. pp. 36, 84, 253, 263, 271. ISBN
0-19-514338-8 . , ISBN 9780195143386
* ^ Peck, Harry Thurston (1897). Harper\'s Dictionary of Classical
Literature and Antiquities, Volume 1. New York: Harper. p. 620.
* ^ Rengel, Marian (2009). Greek and Roman
Mythology A to Z.
Infobase Publishing. p. 51. ISBN 1-60413-412-7 . , ISBN 9781604134124
* ^ Turner, Patricia (2001). Dictionary of Ancient Deities. Oxford
University Press. p. 170. ISBN 0-19-514504-6 . , ISBN 9780195145045
* ^ Harper, Douglas. "Online Etymology Dictionary: Erebus".
Retrieved 1 July 2011.
* ^ R. S. P. Beekes , Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Brill,
2009, p. 451.
* ^ Evelyn-White (1914)
* ^ Atsma, Aaron. "Hyginus, Fabulae 1–49". Theoi E-Texts Library.
Retrieved 1 July 2011.
* Evelyn-White, Hugh G. (1914). "Theogony". The
Homeric Hymns and
Homerica with an English Translation by Hugh G. Evelyn-White. Perseus
Digital Library Project. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
* Smith, William ; Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and
Mythology , London (1873). "E\'rebos"
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