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In Greek mythology , EREBUS /ˈɛrəbəs/ , also EREBOS (Greek : Ἔρεβος, "deep darkness, shadow"), was often conceived as a primordial deity , representing the personification of darkness; for instance, Hesiod 's _ Theogony _ identifies him as one of the first five beings in existence, born of Chaos . Erebus
Erebus
features little in Greek mythological tradition and literature, but is said to have fathered several other deities with Nyx
Nyx
; depending on the source of the mythology, this union includes Aether , Hemera , the Hesperides , Hypnos , the Moirai , Geras , Styx , Charon , and Thanatos
Thanatos
.

In Greek literature the name Erebus
Erebus
is also used as a region of the Greek underworld where the dead pass immediately after dying, and is sometimes used interchangeably with Tartarus .

The perceived meaning of _Erebus_ is "darkness"; the first recorded instance of it was "place of darkness between earth and Hades". The name Ἔρεβος itself originates from PIE _*h1regʷ-es/os-_ "darkness" (cf. Sanskrit
Sanskrit
_rájas_, Gothic _riqis_, Old Norse _røkkr_).

According to the Greek oral poet Hesiod 's _ Theogony _, Erebus
Erebus
is the offspring of Chaos , and brother to Nyx
Nyx
: "From Chaos came forth Erebus
Erebus
and black Night (Nyx); but of Night were born Aether and Day ( Hemera ), whom she conceived and bore from union in love with Erebus." Hesiod, _Theogony_ (120–125)

The Roman writer Hyginus , in his _Fabulae_, described Erebus
Erebus
as the father of Geras , the god of old age.

REFERENCES

NOTES

* ^ _A_ _B_ Ἔρεβος. Liddell, Henry George ; Scott, Robert ; _ A Greek–English Lexicon _ at the Perseus Project . * ^ Hesiod, _Theogony_ 116–124. * ^ Elizabeth, Alice (1896). _The Sources of Spenser\'s Classical Mythology_. New York: Silver, Burdett and Company. pp. 52, 55. * ^ Morford, Mark P. O. (1999). _Classical Mythology: Sixth Edition_. New York: Oxford University Press US. pp. 36, 84, 253, 263, 271. ISBN 0-19-514338-8 . , ISBN 9780195143386 * ^ Peck, Harry Thurston (1897). _Harper\'s Dictionary of Classical Literature and Antiquities, Volume 1_. New York: Harper. p. 620. * ^ Rengel, Marian (2009). _Greek and Roman Mythology
Mythology
A to Z_. Infobase Publishing. p. 51. ISBN 1-60413-412-7 . , ISBN 9781604134124 * ^ Turner, Patricia (2001). _Dictionary of Ancient Deities_. Oxford University Press. p. 170. ISBN 0-19-514504-6 . , ISBN 9780195145045 * ^ Harper, Douglas. "Online Etymology Dictionary: Erebus". Retrieved 1 July 2011. * ^ R. S. P. Beekes , _Etymological Dictionary of Greek_, Brill, 2009, p. 451. * ^ Evelyn-White (1914) * ^ Atsma, Aaron. "Hyginus, Fabulae 1–49". Theoi E-Texts Library. Retrieved 1 July 2011.

SOURCES

* Evelyn-White, Hugh G. (1914). "Theogony". _The Homeric Hymns and Homerica with an English Translation by Hugh G. Evelyn-White_. _ Perseus Digital Library Project_. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. * Smith, William ; _Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology
Mythology
_, London (1873). "E\'rebos"

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