EMPEROR GO-YōZEI (後陽成天皇, Go-Yōzei-tennō , December 31, 1571 – September 25, 1617) was the 107th Emperor of Japan , according to the traditional order of succession . Go-Yōzei's reign spanned the years 1586 through to his abdication in 1611, corresponding to the transition between the Azuchi–Momoyama period and the Edo period .
This 16th-century sovereign was named after the 9th-century Emperor Yōzei , and go- (後), translates as later, and thus, he could be called the "Later Emperor Yōzei". The Japanese word go has also been translated to mean the second one, and in some older sources, this emperor may be identified as "Yōzei, the second", or as "Yōzei II".
* 1 Genealogy
* 2 Events of Go-Yōzei\'s life
* 2.1 Legacy
* 2.1.1 Kugyō
* 3 Eras of Go-Yōzei\'s reign * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 References
Before Go-Yōzei's ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne , his personal name (imina ) was Katahito (周仁).
He was the eldest son of Prince Masahito (誠仁親王, Masahito-shinnō, 1552–1586), also known as Prince Sanehito and posthumously named Yōkwōin daijō-tennō , who was the eldest son of Emperor Ōgimachi . His mother was a lady-in-waiting.
Go-Yōzei's Imperial family lived with him in the Dairi of the Heian Palace . The family included at least 35 children:
* Court Lady: Konoe Sakiko (近衛前子) – Empress Dowager Chūwa (中和門院) (1575–1630)
* First daughter: Princess Shōkō (聖興女王) (1590–1594) * Second daughter: Ryūtōin-no-miya (龍登院宮) (1592–1600) * Third daughter: Imperial Princess Seishi (清子内親王) (1593–1674) * Fourth daughter: Princess Bunkō (文高女王) (1595–1644) * Third son: Imperial Prince Kotohito (政仁親王) (later Emperor Go-Mizunoo ) (1596–1680) * Fifth daughter: Princess Son'ei (尊英女王) (1598–1611) * Fourth son: Konoe Nobuhiro (近衛信尋) (1599–1649) * Seventh son: Imperial Prince Yoshihito (好仁親王) (later First Takamatsu-no-miya ) (1603–1638) * Ninth son: Ichijō Akiyoshi (一条昭良) (1605–1672) * Sixth daughter: Imperial Princess Teishi? (貞子内親王) (1606–1675) * Tenth son: Imperial Prince Morochika (庶愛親王) (later Buddhist Priest Sonkaku) (1608–1661) * Twelfth daughter: Princess Son'ren? (尊蓮女王) (1614–1627)
* Lady-in-waiting: Nakayama Chikako (中山親子) (1576–1608)
* First son: Imperial Prince Katahito (良仁親王) (later Princely Priest Kakushin) (1588–1648) * Second son: Princely Priest Shōkai (承快法親王) (1591–1609)
* Lady-in-waiting: Hino Teruko (日野輝子) (1581–1607)
* Fifth son: Imperial Prince Toshiatsu (毎敦親王) (later Princely Priest Sonsei) (1602–1651)
* Lady-in-waiting: Jimyōin Motoko (持明院基子) (?–1644)
* Sixth son: Imperial Prince Tsuneyoshi (常嘉親王) (later Princely Priest Gyōnen) (1602–1661)
* Lady-in-waiting: Niwata Tomoko (庭田具子) (?–1626)
* Eighth son: Princely Priest Ryōjun (良純法親王) (1603–1669)
* Lady-in-waiting: Hamuro Nobuko (葉室宣子) (?–1679)
* Eleventh daughter: Princess Sonsei (尊清女王) (1613–1669)
* Handmaid?: Nishinotōin Tokiko (西洞院時子) (?–1661)
* Seventh daughter: Princess Eishū (永崇女王) (1609–1690) * Eighth daughter: Kō'un'in-no-miya (高雲院宮) (1610–1612)
* Consort: Furuichi Taneko (古市胤子) (1583–1658)
* Ninth daughter: Rei'un'in-no-miya (冷雲院宮) (1611) * Eleventh son: Princely Priest Dōkō (道晃法親王) (1612–1679) * Tenth daughter: Kūkain-no-miya (空花院宮) (1613)
* Consort: Daughter of Chūtō Tokohiro (中東時広) (?–1680)
* Twelfth son: Princely Priest Dōshū (道周法親王) (1613–1634) * Thirteenth son: Princely Priest Ji'in (慈胤法親王) (1617–1699) *
EVENTS OF GO-YōZEI\'S LIFE
Prince Katahito became emperor when his grandfather abdicated. The
succession (senso) was considered to have been received by the new
monarch; and shortly thereafter,
* DECEMBER 31, 1571: The birth of an Imperial prince who will become
known by the posthumous name of Go-Yōzei-tennō.
* NOVEMBER 5, 1586: Prince Katahito was given the title Crown Prince
* DECEMBER 17, 1586 (Tenshō 14, on the 7th day of the 11th month):
Ogimachi gave over the reins of government to his grandson, who would
become Emperor Go-Yōzei. There had been no such Imperial transition
Emperor Go-Hanazono abdicated in 1464 (Kanshō 5). The dearth of
abdications is attributable to the disturbed state of the country and
because there was neither any dwelling for an ex-emperor nor excess
funds in the treasury to support him.
* 1586 (Tenshō 14, in the 12th month): A marriage is arranged
between Lady Asahi , the youngest sister of
Toyotomi Hideyoshi , and
* 1609 (
Invasion of Ryukyu by Shimazu daimyō of
* 1610 (
Keichō 15): Reconstruction of the Daibutsu hall in Kyōto
* MAY 20, 1610 (
Keichō 15, the 27th day of the 3rd month): Toyotomi
Hideyori came to Kyoto to visit the former-
Go-Yōzei's reign corresponds to the rule of Toyotomi Hideyoshi and the beginning of the Edo Bakufu . He was the sovereign who confirmed the legitimacy of their accession to power; and this period allowed the Imperial Family to recover a small portion of its diminished powers.
This Emperor gave Toyotomi Hideyoshi the rank of Taikō, originally a title given to the father of the emperor's chief advisor ( Kampaku ), or a retired Kampaku, which was essential to increase his status and effectively stabilize his power.
Go-Yōzei did abdicate in favor of his third son; but he wanted to be succeeded by his younger brother, Imperial Prince Hachijō-no-miya Toshihito (八条宮智仁親王) (first of the Hachijō-no-miya line, later called Katsura-no-miya ), who built the Katsura Imperial Villa .
After abdication, Go-Yōzei lived for six years in the Sentō Imperial Palace ; and thereafter, it became the usual place to which abdicated emperors would retire. The name of this palace and its gardens was Sentō-goshō; and emperors who had abdicated were sometimes called Sentō-goshō.
* SEPTEMBER 25, 1617: Go-Yōzei died.
Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.
In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Go-Yōzei's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:
Toyotomi Hideyoshi , 1585–1591
Toyotomi Hidetsugu , 1591–1595
Kujō Kanetaka , 1600–1604
Konoe Nobutada , 1605–1606
Takatsukasa Nobufusa , 1606–1608
Kujō Yukiie , 1608–1612
ERAS OF GO-YōZEI\'S REIGN
The years of Go-Yōzei's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō .
Wikimedia Commons has media related to EMPEROR GO-YōZEI .
Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom
Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 後陽成天皇 (107)
* ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan,
* ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp.
* ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Imperial House, p. 9; Titsingh, p. 402.
* ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Imperial House, p. 424.
* ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Imperial House, p. 10.
* ^ A B C Ponsonby-Fane, Imperial House, p. 113.
* ^ Titsingh, p. 402. A distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior
Emperor Tenji ; and all sovereigns except Jitō , Yōzei , Go-Toba
, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of
* Hirai, Kiyoshi. (1950). "A Short History of the Retired Emperor's
Palace in the Edo Era", Architectural Institute of Japan: The Japanese
Construction Society Academic Dissertation Report Collection
(日本建築学会論文報告集), No.61(19590325).link to online
catalog (English) link to digitized text/drawings (Japanese)
* Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1999). Japans Kaiserhof in der Edo-Zeit: unter
besonderer Berücksichtigung der Jahre 1846 bis 1867. Münster: LIT
Verlag. ISBN 978-3-8258-3939-0 ;
* Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1956). Kyoto: The Old
Capital of Japan, 794–1869. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC
* __________. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby
* Screech, Timon. (2006). Secret Memoirs of the Shoguns: Isaac
Titsingh and Japan, 1779–1822. London:
* v * t * e
Prominent people of the Sengoku period
THREE MAJOR DAIMYōS
* Go-Kashiwabara * Go-Nara * Ōgimachi * Go-Yōzei
* List of daimyōs from the Sengoku period
* Saika Magoichi
* Suzuki Sadayu * Suzuki Shigehide * Suzuki Shigetomo
* Suzuki Magoroku * Igasaki Dōshun
Monks and other religious figures
* Dota Gozen
* List of samurai from the Sengoku period
* v * t * e
* Italics mark imperial consort and regent Jingū, who is not traditionally listed. * Years given as CE / AD
* Jimmu * Suizei * Annei * Itoku * Kōshō * Kōan * Kōrei * Kōgen * Kaika * Sujin * Suinin * Keikō * Seimu * Chūai * Jingū
* Ōjin * Nintoku * Richū * Hanzei * Ingyō * Ankō * Yūryaku * Seinei * Kenzō * Ninken * Buretsu * Keitai * Ankan * Senka
* Kinmei * Bidatsu * Yōmei * Sushun * Suiko * Jomei * Kōgyoku * Kōtoku * Saimei * Tenji * Kōbun * Tenmu * Jitō * Monmu * Genmei
* Genmei * Genshō * Shōmu * Kōken * Junnin * Shōtoku * Kōnin * Kanmu
* Kanmu * Heizei * Saga * Junna * Ninmyō * Montoku * Seiwa * Yōzei * Kōkō * Uda * Daigo * Suzaku * Murakami * Reizei * En\'yū * Kazan * Ichijō * Sanjō * Go-Ichijō * Go-Suzaku * Go-Reizei * Go-Sanjō * Shirakawa * Horikawa * Toba * Sutoku * Konoe * Go-Shirakawa * Nijō * Rokujō * Takakura * Antoku * Go-Toba
* Tsuchimikado * Juntoku * Chūkyō * Go-Horikawa * Shijō * Go-Saga * Go-Fukakusa * Kameyama * Go-Uda * Fushimi * Go-Fushimi * Go-Nijō * Hanazono * Go-Daigo
* Kōgon * Kōmyō * Sukō * Go-Kōgon * Go-En\'yū * Go-Komatsu
* Go-Murakami * Chōkei * Go-Kameyama * Go-Komatsu * Shōkō * Go-Hanazono * Go-Tsuchimikado * Go-Kashiwabara * Go-Nara * Ōgimachi
* Ōgimachi * Go-Yōzei
* Go-Yōzei * Go-Mizunoo * Meishō * Go-Kōmyō * Go-Sai * Reigen * Higashiyama * Nakamikado * Sakuramachi * Momozono * Go-Sakuramachi * Go-Momozono * Kōkaku * Ninkō * Kōmei * Meiji
EMPIRE OF JAPAN
* Meiji * Taishō * Shōwa
JAPAN (POST-WAR JAPAN )
* Imperial family tree * Imperial house
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