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The ELYMIANS (Greek : Ἔλυμοι; Latin
Latin
: Elymi) were an ancient people who inhabited the western part of Sicily
Sicily
during the Bronze Age and Classical antiquity
Classical antiquity
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Origins * 2 History * 3 Areas of settlement * 4 See also * 5 External links * 6 References

ORIGINS

Apart from mythological tales, there is little known about the identity and culture of the Elymians. They are indistinguishable from their Sicani neighbours in the archaeological record of the early Iron Age (c. 1100–c. 700 BC). Thereafter they appear to have adopted many aspects of the culture of the Greek colonists of Sicily, erecting the remarkable temple at Segesta
Segesta
and using the Greek alphabet
Greek alphabet
to write their own language. As yet, no one has succeeded in deciphering the Elymian language . The Elymian temple at Segesta
Segesta
, Sicily
Sicily
.

HISTORY

The Elymians
Elymians
maintained friendly relations (and alliances) with Carthage
Carthage
but came into frequent conflict with the expansionist Greek colonies of western Sicily, especially Selinus
Selinus
. Boundary disputes with Selinus
Selinus
broke out into open warfare on several occasions after 580 BC. They sought to ally first with Athens
Athens
against Selinus, provoking the disastrous Sicilian expedition of 415 BC-413 BC. Following this failure they encouraged the Carthaginians to attack Selinus
Selinus
in 409 BC and succeeded in obtaining the destruction of their rivals.

However, they turned on Carthage
Carthage
during the First Punic War
First Punic War
and allied with Rome instead. The Elymians
Elymians
were granted a privileged status under Roman rule and were exempted from taxes. This was said to have been in recognition of the Elymians' claim of Trojan ancestry, which was seen as making them cousins of the Roman people, who also claimed to have been descended from the Trojans. The Elymians
Elymians
appear to have largely disappeared from view under Roman rule, presumably becoming assimilated into the general Sicilian population.

AREAS OF SETTLEMENT

Map of approximate area of Elymian settlement, showing major cities.

The Elymi shared western Sicily
Sicily
with the Sicani, the Phoenicians , and later the Greeks. Their three most important cities were Segesta
Segesta
, the political centre; Eryx (the modern Erice), a religious centre; and Entella . Other cities were Elima , Halyciae (referred to as Alicia in modern Italian sources), Iaitas , Hypana , and Drepanon .

SEE ALSO

* Ancient peoples of Italy * Prehistoric Italy * Monte Polizzo

EXTERNAL

.