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The Info List - Eiskanal





Augsburger Kayak
Kayak
Club eV Canoe
Canoe
Schwaben Augsburg

Main shape Linear

Adjustable Five barn-door deflectors hinged to the side walls of the channel

Water source Lech River

Pumped No

Flow diversion Yes (dam release)

Practice pool Yes

Surf wave Yes

Grandstands Landscaped into hillsides

Canoe
Canoe
lift No

Facilities Yes

Construction July 1970 - August 1971

Opening date August 1971

Stats

Length 308 m (1,010 ft)

Width 10 m (33 ft)

Drop 4.1 m (13 ft)

Slope Competition: 1.3% (63 ft/mi)

Flowrate 10 m3/s (350 cu ft/s)

Eiskanal Augsburg

The Arch Bridge rapid at Eiskanal, its steepest drop.

The Augsburg
Augsburg
Eiskanal is an artificial whitewater river in Augsburg, Germany, constructed as the canoe slalom venue for the 1972 Summer Olympics in nearby Munich. The first artificial whitewater course of its kind, it introduced the sport of canoe slalom (using decked canoes and kayaks) to the Olympic Games.[1] However, because of the expense of building artificial rivers and supplying them with water, canoe slalom was missing from the next four Summer Olympics. It returned with the 1992 Olympic Games in Barcelona, and has been featured in every Summer Olympics since then.[2] The Eiskanal has thus served as the prototype for six Olympic whitewater venues, from 1992 through 2012, and for more than fifty training and competition facilities in eighteen countries (see list). Despite being the oldest, it is still one of the most widely used, hosting two World Championships and numerous World Cup races. It was a World Cup venue for all but four of the years 1990 through 2010, and it was so again in 2013 and 2014. The facility and its website are jointly managed by two clubs with headquartets in the boat house, Augsburger Kayak
Kayak
Club eV and Canoe Schwaben Augsburg.[3]

Contents

1 History 2 Design 3 Gallery 4 External links 5 References

History[edit]

The Eiskanal complex, showing the river, dam, power house, and whitewater course.

The Hochablass (High Drain) dam on the north-flowing Lech river south of Augsburg
Augsburg
dates back to 1647. It was most recently rebuilt in 1911-1912. The dam diverts river water into the Hauptstadtbach (Capital Creek) which branches into the many canals of the Augsburg Lech district as it flows through the town. In Medieval times, the canals were used for drinking water, water wheel operation, and sewage disposal. In 1875, in order to collect drinking water from the upstream end of the system, a water collection and filtration plant was built straddling a new bypass branch of Capital Creek, near the dam. (In 2007 it was decommissioned and converted into a waterworks museum and a small hydro power station.) The original channel became known as the Eiskanal (ice channel), since it was used to deflect floating ice away from the waterworks facility, protecting its equipment. By the 1950s, the Eiskanal was already in use as a canoe slalom venue, but its slope was much less than that of the mountain streams commonly used in the sport.[1] When the 1972 Olympic Games were awarded to Munich, a plan was devised to create a much steeper artificial whitewater rapid by constructing a 300-meter-long channel connecting the Eiskanal section of Capital Creek directly back to the Lech river. The 1971 construction cost was 14.9 million Deutsche Marks, equivalent to $24.5 million US (2013).[1] For the 1972 Olympics, this new channel was only the bottom half of a 660-meter race course; the top half was in the old Eiskanal, starting above the boat house near the dam. Since the standard length of a canoe slalom course was later reduced to 250 to 300 meters, major races are now held entirely within the 1971 channel. Nonetheless, the entire sports complex goes by the name Eiskanal.[4] To prepare for the 1972 Olympics, East Germany's team constructed a secret copy of the Eiskanal on the Zwickau Mulde
Zwickau Mulde
river in the Cainsdorf district of Zwickau. The training there, on the world's only other artificial rapid, was so successful that East German paddlers won all four Olympic gold medals in canoe slalom, the only time that has ever happened. The ruins of the long-abandoned, overgrown canal can still be seen in satellite photographs at 50°40′48″N 12°30′10″E / 50.680°N 12.5027°E / 50.680; 12.5027. Design[edit] Using a technique which has never been duplicated, the streambed of the Eiskanal canoe slalom channel was made of sculpted concrete, with simulated boulders being an integral part of the uneven channel floor. This feature is easily seen in photographs of the channel without water. The shapes were planned using water flowing through a 25-meter-long scale model made of sheet metal.[2] Most of the simulated boulders are attached to the channel walls, but two stand alone in the middle of the channel. Five barn-door water deflectors, hinged to the channel sides, can be swung in or out to change the water flow at those locations. An underwater weir at the top can be raised to block most or all of the flow into the slalom channel from Capital Creek. At the bottom, a stationary weir creates a take-out pool. A pedestrian bridge on top of the weir supports a strainer that keeps people and boats from washing over. The strainer is slanted toward the river so anything that washes against it is pushed up rather than down. Six names have been given to sections of the channel.[5] The turbulent water between the first drop and the first rock island is called Waschmaschine, or Washing Machine. Where the channel narrows and drops at the pedestrian bridge is Bogenbrücke, or Arch Bridge. It has a pair of hinged water deflectors to further narrow the channel, if desired. The rock island below the bridge is called Moby Dick, after the fictional whale. At the last of the hinged deflectors, on the left wall, the right half of the channel is a pour-over. The wave at the pour-over is called Korkenzieher, or Corkscrew. The turbulent right bend in the channel between there and the road bridge is Karussell, or Carousel. Another pour-over wave under the bridge, on the left side, is called Torpedowalze, or Torpedo Hole. After the road bridge, the course flattens out, and racers sprint to the finish line.

Water diversion features of the Augsburg
Augsburg
Eiskanal canoe slalom race course.

Finals gate set for World Cup race #2, 29 Jun 2013.

Gallery[edit]

The lake behind Hochablass dam on the Lech river.

Downstream side of Hochablass, showing the 5.8 meter drop that powers the Eiskanal.

Flatwater gates on Capital Creek; whitewater course branches off to the right.

The course fully watered. Corkscrew wave in the mid distance (past gate 15).

Without water, Washing Machine section, from first drop to the rock island.

Looking upstream from the Arch Bridge.

Looking downstream from Arch Bridge toward Moby Dick.

The Carousel section approaching the road bridge.

Kayaker at Corkscrew entering Carousel, Arch Bridge in background.

Three pictures at the top drop, where Washing Machine begins.

Playboating
Playboating
in the 2006 Eurocup competition, kneeling C-1.

Seated in a kayak, K-1.

External links[edit] Photos

Washing Machine by hubi1802 Downstream from Arch Bridge, no water. 1 2 3 Paddlers below the Arch Bridge by magie* Bottom Weir by SM_Wlad

Videos

Peter Kauzer 2009 World Cup video

References[edit]

^ a b c Kunze, Ed., Herbert (1974). "The Official Report of the Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXth Olympiad Munich 1972,Volume 2: The constructions, pp 154-159, 208-209" (PDF). proSport GmbH & Co. KG. München. Digital version: Copyright, © 2003, Amateur Athletic Foundation of Los Angeles. Retrieved 2013-03-17.  ^ a b " Augsburg
Augsburg
Eiskanal, Olympic Canoe
Canoe
Slalom Course" (PDF). Regio Augsburg
Augsburg
Tourismus GmbH. 2010. Retrieved 2013-03-17.  ^ "Eiskanal Augsburg". 2013. Retrieved 2013-03-17.  ^ 1 2 3 Archived January 16, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. The term "Eiskanal" may also refer to a bobsled track made of ice. ^ islerimage (2012-06-05). "Kajak Eiskanal Augsburg". YouTube. Retrieved 2013-03-18.  kadra0912 (2012-05-25). "Eiskanal Augsburg Jugend-Wettkampf". YouTube. Retrieved 2013-03-18.  Sections are named in these videos.

Coordinates: 48°20′56″N 10°56′12″E / 48.349°N 10.9366°E / 48.349; 10.9366

v t e

Canoeing
Canoeing
and kayaking

Main disciplines

Canoe
Canoe
sprint Canoe
Canoe
slalom Canoe
Canoe
marathon Canoe
Canoe
polo Wildwater canoeing Canoe
Canoe
sailing Playboating Paracanoe

Olympics

Summer Olympics Male medalists Female medalists Venues

Other disciplines

Creeking Dragon boating Extreme racing Playboating Surf skiing Surf kayaking Snow boating Squirt boating Standup paddleboarding

ICF championships

Sprint (Men's Canadian medalists Women's Canadian medalists Men's kayak medalists Women's kayak medalists Paracanoe medalists) Slalom (Men's canoe medalists Women's canoe medalists Men's kayak medalists Women's kayak medalists Mixed canoe medalists) Slalom Junior & U23 Marathon

Recreation

Small-craft sailing Whitewater canoeing / kayaking Sea kayaking Canoe
Canoe
camping Kayak
Kayak
fishing Canoe
Canoe
and Kayak
Kayak
diving Dongola racing Canoe
Canoe
orienteering Canoe
Canoe
livery Playboating

Modern boats

Canoe Kayak Concrete canoe Flyak Folding kayak International Canoe Malia Recreational kayak Sprint canoe

Traditional boats

Aleutian kayak Cayuco Chundan Vallam Dugout Fur brigade Outrigger
Outrigger
canoe Pacific Northwest Rabaska Sturgeon-nosed canoe Taimen Umiak Waka War canoe

Techniques

Canoe
Canoe
paddle strokes Eskimo Rescue Kayak
Kayak
roll Portage

Equipment

Artificial whitewater Albano buoy system Outrigger Paddle Paddle
Paddle
float Paddle
Paddle
leash Royalex Sea sock Spray deck Tuilik

Kayakers

Doug Ammons Jimmy Blakeney Tyler Bradt Paul Caffyn Tad Dennis Chris Duff Nigel Foster Maria Francis Douglas C. Gordon Štěpánka Hilgertová Freya Hoffmeister Eric Jackson Ramo Kolenović Brad Ludden Andrew McAuley Mark Pollock Oskar Speck Rush Sturges Clay Wright Alexander Yermilov

Venues

Canoeing
Canoeing
and kayaking venues

Competitions

List of world records in canoeing Adirondack Canoe
Canoe
Classic Au Sable River Canoe
Canoe
Marathon Devizes to Westminster International Canoe
Canoe
Marathon Dusi Canoe
Canoe
Marathon Hawkesbury Canoe
Canoe
Classic YMCA Massive Murray Paddle National Student Rodeo Thameside Series Waterside Series Riverland Paddling Marathon

Festivals

Canadian International Dragon Boat Festival Duanwu Festival Hong Kong Dragon Boat Festival in New York Houston Dragon Boat Festival Lethbridge Dragon Boat Festival Ottawa Dragon Boat Festival Toronto International Dragon Boat Race Festival

Governing bodies

European Canoe
Canoe
Association American Canoe
Canoe
Association Australian Canoeing British Canoeing British Dragon Boat Racing Association Canoe
Canoe
Kayak
Kayak
Canada Canoe
Canoe
Wales Croatian Canoe
Canoe
Federation Israel Canoe
Canoe
Association Scottish Canoe
Canoe
Association Portuguese Canoe
Canoe
Federation USA Canoe/Kayak

Other organisations

Association of International Paddle
Paddle
Sport Federations Canadian Canoe
Canoe
Museum International Dragon Boat Federation Sir Alexander Mackenzie Canada Sea-to-Sea Bicentennial Expeditions UK Rivers Access Campaign

Media

La Chasse-galerie Paddle-to-the-Sea
Paddle-to-the-Sea
(film) The Rise and Fall of the Great Lakes Waterwalker

v t e

Venues of the 1972 Summer Olympics

Olympiapark

Boxhalle Hockeyanlage Olympiahalle Olympiastadion Olympisches Dorf Radstadion Schwimmhalle Volleyballhalle

Greater Munich

Basketballhalle Bogenschießlage Dantebad Dressage Facility Nymphenburg Grünwald Messegelände, Fechthalle 1 Messegelände Fechthalle 2 Messegelände, Gewichtheberhalle Messegelände, Judo- und Ringerhalle Oberschleißheim Regatta Course Riding Facility, Riem Schießanlage

Football venues

Drei Flüsse Stadion
Drei Flüsse Stadion
(Passau) ESV-Stadion (Ingolstadt) Jahnstadion (Regensburg) Rosenaustadion
Rosenaustadion
(Augsburg) Urban Stadium (Nuremberg)

Handball venues

Böblingen Sportshalle Donauhalle Ulm Hohenstaufenhalle Göppingen Sporthalle Augsburg

Other venues

Bay of Kiel Bundesautobahn 96 Eiskanal (Augsburg)

v t e

Olympic venues in canoeing

1936: Berlin-Grünau Regatta Course 1948: Henley Royal Regatta 1952: Taivallahti 1956: Lake Wendouree 1960: Lake Albano 1964: Lake Sagami 1968: Virgilio Uribe Rowing and Canoeing
Canoeing
Course 1972: Augsburg
Augsburg
Eiskanal, Oberschleißheim Regatta Course 1976: Notre Dame Island 1980: Krylatskoye Rowing Canal 1984: Lake Casitas 1988: Han River Regatta Course/ Canoeing
Canoeing
Site 1992: Canal Olímpic de Catalunya, Segre Olympic Park 1996: Lake Lanier, Ocoee Whitewater Center 2000: Penrith Whitewater Stadium, Sydney International Regatta Centre 2004: Olympic Canoe/ Kayak
Kayak
Slalom Centre, Schinias Olympic Rowing and Canoeing
Canoeing
Centre 2008: Shunyi Olympic Rowing- Canoeing
Canoeing
Park 2012: Dorney Lake, Lee Valley White Water Centre 2016: Lagoa Stadium, Deodoro Olympic Whitewater Stadium 2020: Kasai Rinkai Park, Sea Forest Waterway 2024: Vaires-sur-Marne 2028: Lake Perris, S

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