Kayak Club eV
Canoe Schwaben Augsburg
Five barn-door deflectors hinged to the side walls of the channel
Yes (dam release)
Landscaped into hillsides
July 1970 - August 1971
308 m (1,010 ft)
10 m (33 ft)
4.1 m (13 ft)
Competition: 1.3% (63 ft/mi)
10 m3/s (350 cu ft/s)
The Arch Bridge rapid at Eiskanal, its steepest drop.
Augsburg Eiskanal is an artificial whitewater river in Augsburg,
Germany, constructed as the canoe slalom venue for the 1972 Summer
Olympics in nearby Munich.
The first artificial whitewater course of its kind, it introduced the
sport of canoe slalom (using decked canoes and kayaks) to the Olympic
Games. However, because of the expense of building artificial
rivers and supplying them with water, canoe slalom was missing from
the next four Summer Olympics. It returned with the 1992 Olympic Games
in Barcelona, and has been featured in every Summer Olympics since
The Eiskanal has thus served as the prototype for six Olympic
whitewater venues, from 1992 through 2012, and for more than fifty
training and competition facilities in eighteen countries (see list).
Despite being the oldest, it is still one of the most widely used,
hosting two World Championships and numerous World Cup races. It was a
World Cup venue for all but four of the years 1990 through 2010, and
it was so again in 2013 and 2014.
The facility and its website are jointly managed by two clubs with
headquartets in the boat house, Augsburger
Kayak Club eV and Canoe
4 External links
The Eiskanal complex, showing the river, dam, power house, and
The Hochablass (High Drain) dam on the north-flowing Lech river south
Augsburg dates back to 1647. It was most recently rebuilt in
1911-1912. The dam diverts river water into the Hauptstadtbach
(Capital Creek) which branches into the many canals of the Augsburg
Lech district as it flows through the town. In Medieval times, the
canals were used for drinking water, water wheel operation, and sewage
disposal. In 1875, in order to collect drinking water from the
upstream end of the system, a water collection and filtration plant
was built straddling a new bypass branch of Capital Creek, near the
dam. (In 2007 it was decommissioned and converted into a waterworks
museum and a small hydro power station.) The original channel became
known as the Eiskanal (ice channel), since it was used to deflect
floating ice away from the waterworks facility, protecting its
By the 1950s, the Eiskanal was already in use as a canoe slalom venue,
but its slope was much less than that of the mountain streams commonly
used in the sport. When the 1972 Olympic Games were awarded to
Munich, a plan was devised to create a much steeper artificial
whitewater rapid by constructing a 300-meter-long channel connecting
the Eiskanal section of Capital Creek directly back to the Lech river.
The 1971 construction cost was 14.9 million Deutsche Marks, equivalent
to $24.5 million US (2013). For the 1972 Olympics, this new channel
was only the bottom half of a 660-meter race course; the top half was
in the old Eiskanal, starting above the boat house near the dam. Since
the standard length of a canoe slalom course was later reduced to 250
to 300 meters, major races are now held entirely within the 1971
channel. Nonetheless, the entire sports complex goes by the name
To prepare for the 1972 Olympics, East Germany's team constructed a
secret copy of the Eiskanal on the
Zwickau Mulde river in the
Cainsdorf district of Zwickau. The training there, on the world's only
other artificial rapid, was so successful that East German paddlers
won all four Olympic gold medals in canoe slalom, the only time that
has ever happened. The ruins of the long-abandoned, overgrown canal
can still be seen in satellite photographs at 50°40′48″N
12°30′10″E / 50.680°N 12.5027°E / 50.680; 12.5027.
Using a technique which has never been duplicated, the streambed of
the Eiskanal canoe slalom channel was made of sculpted concrete, with
simulated boulders being an integral part of the uneven channel floor.
This feature is easily seen in photographs of the channel without
water. The shapes were planned using water flowing through a
25-meter-long scale model made of sheet metal. Most of the
simulated boulders are attached to the channel walls, but two stand
alone in the middle of the channel. Five barn-door water deflectors,
hinged to the channel sides, can be swung in or out to change the
water flow at those locations.
An underwater weir at the top can be raised to block most or all of
the flow into the slalom channel from Capital Creek. At the bottom, a
stationary weir creates a take-out pool. A pedestrian bridge on top of
the weir supports a strainer that keeps people and boats from washing
over. The strainer is slanted toward the river so anything that washes
against it is pushed up rather than down.
Six names have been given to sections of the channel. The turbulent
water between the first drop and the first rock island is called
Waschmaschine, or Washing Machine. Where the channel narrows and drops
at the pedestrian bridge is Bogenbrücke, or Arch Bridge. It has a
pair of hinged water deflectors to further narrow the channel, if
desired. The rock island below the bridge is called Moby Dick, after
the fictional whale. At the last of the hinged deflectors, on the left
wall, the right half of the channel is a pour-over. The wave at the
pour-over is called Korkenzieher, or Corkscrew. The turbulent right
bend in the channel between there and the road bridge is Karussell, or
Carousel. Another pour-over wave under the bridge, on the left side,
is called Torpedowalze, or Torpedo Hole. After the road bridge, the
course flattens out, and racers sprint to the finish line.
Water diversion features of the
Augsburg Eiskanal canoe slalom race
Finals gate set for World Cup race #2, 29 Jun 2013.
The lake behind Hochablass dam on the Lech river.
Downstream side of Hochablass, showing the 5.8 meter drop that powers
Flatwater gates on Capital Creek; whitewater course branches off to
The course fully watered. Corkscrew wave in the mid distance (past
Without water, Washing Machine section, from first drop to the rock
Looking upstream from the Arch Bridge.
Looking downstream from Arch Bridge toward Moby Dick.
The Carousel section approaching the road bridge.
Kayaker at Corkscrew entering Carousel, Arch Bridge in background.
Three pictures at the top drop, where Washing Machine begins.
Playboating in the 2006 Eurocup competition, kneeling C-1.
Seated in a kayak, K-1.
Washing Machine by hubi1802
Downstream from Arch Bridge, no water.
1 2 3 Paddlers below the Arch Bridge by magie*
Bottom Weir by SM_Wlad
Peter Kauzer 2009 World Cup video
^ a b c Kunze, Ed., Herbert (1974). "The Official Report of the
Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXth Olympiad Munich
1972,Volume 2: The constructions, pp 154-159, 208-209" (PDF). proSport
GmbH & Co. KG. München. Digital version: Copyright, © 2003,
Amateur Athletic Foundation of Los Angeles. Retrieved
^ a b "
Augsburg Eiskanal, Olympic
Canoe Slalom Course" (PDF). Regio
Augsburg Tourismus GmbH. 2010. Retrieved 2013-03-17.
^ "Eiskanal Augsburg". 2013. Retrieved 2013-03-17.
^ 1 2 3 Archived January 16, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. The term
"Eiskanal" may also refer to a bobsled track made of ice.
^ islerimage (2012-06-05). "Kajak Eiskanal Augsburg". YouTube.
Retrieved 2013-03-18. kadra0912 (2012-05-25). "Eiskanal Augsburg
Jugend-Wettkampf". YouTube. Retrieved 2013-03-18. Sections are
named in these videos.
Coordinates: 48°20′56″N 10°56′12″E / 48.349°N
10.9366°E / 48.349; 10.9366
Canoeing and kayaking
Sprint (Men's Canadian medalists
Women's Canadian medalists
Men's kayak medalists
Women's kayak medalists
Slalom (Men's canoe medalists
Women's canoe medalists
Men's kayak medalists
Women's kayak medalists
Mixed canoe medalists)
Slalom Junior & U23
Whitewater canoeing / kayaking
Canoe paddle strokes
Albano buoy system
Douglas C. Gordon
Canoeing and kayaking venues
List of world records in canoeing
Au Sable River
Devizes to Westminster International
YMCA Massive Murray Paddle
National Student Rodeo
Riverland Paddling Marathon
Canadian International Dragon Boat Festival
Hong Kong Dragon Boat Festival in New York
Houston Dragon Boat Festival
Lethbridge Dragon Boat Festival
Ottawa Dragon Boat Festival
Toronto International Dragon Boat Race Festival
British Dragon Boat Racing Association
Association of International
Paddle Sport Federations
International Dragon Boat Federation
Sir Alexander Mackenzie Canada Sea-to-Sea Bicentennial Expeditions
UK Rivers Access Campaign
The Rise and Fall of the Great Lakes
Venues of the 1972 Summer Olympics
Dressage Facility Nymphenburg
Messegelände, Fechthalle 1
Messegelände Fechthalle 2
Messegelände, Judo- und Ringerhalle
Oberschleißheim Regatta Course
Riding Facility, Riem
Drei Flüsse Stadion
Drei Flüsse Stadion (Passau)
Urban Stadium (Nuremberg)
Bay of Kiel
Olympic venues in canoeing
1936: Berlin-Grünau Regatta Course
1948: Henley Royal Regatta
1956: Lake Wendouree
1960: Lake Albano
1964: Lake Sagami
1968: Virgilio Uribe Rowing and
Augsburg Eiskanal, Oberschleißheim Regatta Course
1976: Notre Dame Island
1980: Krylatskoye Rowing Canal
1984: Lake Casitas
1988: Han River Regatta Course/
1992: Canal Olímpic de Catalunya, Segre Olympic Park
1996: Lake Lanier, Ocoee Whitewater Center
2000: Penrith Whitewater Stadium, Sydney International Regatta Centre
2004: Olympic Canoe/
Kayak Slalom Centre, Schinias Olympic Rowing and
2008: Shunyi Olympic Rowing-
2012: Dorney Lake, Lee Valley White Water Centre
2016: Lagoa Stadium, Deodoro Olympic Whitewater Stadium
2020: Kasai Rinkai Park, Sea Forest Waterway
2028: Lake Perris, S