Efate is an island in the
Pacific Ocean which is part of the Shefa
Province in Vanuatu. It is also known as Île Vate.
4 Small Islands off Efate
8 External links
It is the most populous (approx. 66,000) island in Vanuatu. Efate's
land area of 899.5 square kilometres (347.3 sq mi) makes it
Vanuatu's third largest island. Most inhabitants of
Efate live in Port
Vila, the national capital. Its highest mountain is Mount McDonald
with a height of 647 metres (2,123 ft).
James Cook named it Sandwich
Island "in honour of my noble
patron, the Earl of Sandwich" on his 1774 voyage on HMS Resolution.
During World War II,
Efate served an important role as a United States
On March 13, 2015, Port Vila, the island's largest human settlement
and the capital of Vanuatu, bore extensive damage from Cyclone Pam.
Efate became an independent commune in 1889 when residents declared
the region as Franceville. However, by 1890 the commune was broken up.
Efate is governed by both the
Port Vila Municipality and the Shefa
Provincial Council, whose governance is the town limits of Port Vila
only, and rural
Efate and the outer
Efate Islands, respectively.
Small Islands off Efate
Island (3 km (2 mi) west)
North and west of
Efate are small islands called Eratoka (Hat) Island,
Lelepa, Nguna, Pele and Emao. Eratoka
Island is a small island that,
when seen from a distance looks like a floppy hat. This is where the
famous Chief Roi Mata, along with his 20 wives, were buried. Nguna,
Pele and Emao are stratovolcanoes, which may form the rim of a
volcanic caldera to their north.
Efate was used as the location for 3 seasons the reality game show,
Survivor. The island was used for season 9 of the American edition of
Survivor (titled Survivor:
Vanuatu - Islands of Fire), season 2 of
Survivor (titled Australian Celebrity Survivor: Vanuatu)
and season 6 of the French edition (titled Koh-Lanta: Vanuatu). Much
of the Survivor:
Vanuatu and Australian Celebrity
Survivor was filmed
approximately 30 minutes from
Port Vila near Mangililu and Gideon’s
Landing, the latter of which is now a commonly visited tourist
Eratap (beach), a small outer island of Efate.
The capital of
Port Vila is the hub of tourism in
approximately 60 000 tourists annually by air transport, cruise ships
and the yachting community. Due to the British and French influence
both cuisines are readily available in the capital. Budget dining
include the scattered Chinese eateries across Vila and the Mummas
Market downtown. Outside of
Port Vila a more rustic destination
awaits, with most people living a traditional lifestyle: cooking
island food or 'aelan kakae', tending their gardens daily as
subsistence agriculture is the dominant economy in Vanuatu, and
swimming at the beach.
Port Vila services the domestic carrier Air
Vanuatu which goes to the
outer islands of Vanuatu. Popular destinations such as Tanna and Santo
can be reached daily from Port Vila, while more remote locations can
be reached on a less regular basis. The island is served by Bauerfield
Efate offers a range of tourism attractions and activities including
Mele Cascades, Eton Beach, Tanalilui Road Markets, Round
Buggy Fun Rental, Diving and Sunset Cruises.
^ 2009 Census Summary release final Archived December 21, 2013, at the
Wayback Machine. - Government of Vanuatu
^ "JULY - SEPTEMBER 1774". Captain Cook Society. Retrieved 14 December
^ Fighter Squadron at Guadalcanal, Max Brand, Naval Institute Press,
1996, ISBN 1-55750-088-6
^ Andrew Freedman (March 13, 2015). "Monstrous
Category 5 cyclone
makes direct hit on tiny Vanuatu". Mashable. Retrieved April 4,
^ J. Maarten Troost, Getting Stoned with Savages, Broadway Books, 2006
^ "North Vate". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Éfaté Island.
Efate - Bibliography of the island's indigenous languages
South Efate language entry.
Efate is available through Paradisec's open access
collections, including collections from Arther Capell and Nick
Vanuatu by province
Provinces of Vanuatu
Islands and islets