* These three Dutch Caribbean territories form the BES islands.

Physiographically, these are continental islands not a part of the volcanic Windward Islands arc. However, based on proximity, these islands are sometimes grouped with the Windward Islands culturally and politically.

~ Disputed territories administered by Colombia.

# Physiographically, Bermuda is an isolated oceanic island in the North Atlantic Ocean, not a part of the Antilles, West Indies, Caribbean, North American continent or South American continent. Usually grouped with Northern American countries based on proximity; occasionally grouped with the Caribbean region culturally.