The Eastern United States, commonly referred to as the American East
or simply the East, is a region roughly coinciding with the boundaries
United States established in the 1783 Treaty of Paris, which
bounded the new country to the west along the
Mississippi River. It is
geographically diverse, spanning the Northeast and Southeast as well
as the eastern part of the Central United States.
In 2011 the 26 states east of the
Mississippi (in addition to
Washington, D.C. but not including the small portions of
Minnesota east of the river) had an estimated population of
179,948,346 or 58.28% of the total
U.S. population of 308,745,358
(excluding Puerto Rico).
1 Southern United States
2 New England
3 The Midwest
4 Major population centers
5 See also
7 External links
Southern United States
Main article: Southern United States
United States constitutes a large region in the
south-eastern and south-central United States, usually enumerated as
the following: Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia,
Maryland,[dubious – discuss] North Carolina, South Carolina,
Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, and Louisiana; all
of these are also considered to number among the Eastern United
Its unique cultural and historic heritage includes the following
early European settlements of English, Scots-Irish, Scottish and
importation of hundreds of thousands of enslaved Africans
growth of a large proportion of
African Americans in the population
reliance on slave labor
legacy of the Confederacy after the American Civil War.
These led to "the South" developing distinctive customs, literature,
musical styles, and varied cuisines, that have profoundly shaped
traditional American culture.
Many aspects of the South's culture remain deeply rooted in the
American Civil War.
In the last few decades,[vague] the Southern US has been attracting
domestic and international migrants, and the American South[vague] is
among the fastest-growing[vague] areas in the United States.
Main article: New England
New England is a region of the
United States located in the
northeastern corner of the country, bounded by the Atlantic Ocean,
Canada and the state of New York, consisting of the modern states of
Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and
In one of the earliest English settlements in the New World, English
Pilgrims from Europe first settled in
New England in 1620, in the
colony of Plymouth. In the late 18th century, the
New England colonies
would be among the first North American British colonies to
demonstrate ambitions of independence from the British Crown, although
they would later threaten secession over the
War of 1812
War of 1812 between the
United States and Britain.
New England produced the first examples of American literature and
philosophy and was home to the beginnings of free public education. In
the 19th century, it played a prominent role in the movement to
abolish slavery in the United States. It was the first region of the
United States to be transformed by the Industrial Revolution.
Historically an area in which parts were strongly Republican, it is
now a region with one of the highest levels of support for the
Democratic Party in the United States, with the majority of voters in
every state voting for the Democrats in the 1992, 1996, 2004, 2008,
2012 and 2016 Presidential elections, and every state but New
Hampshire voting for
Al Gore in 2000.
Main article: Midwestern United States
United States (in the U.S. generally referred to as the
Midwest) is one of the four geographic regions within the United
States that are recognized by the
United States Census Bureau.
Seven states in the central and inland northeastern US, traditionally
considered to be part of the Midwest, can also be classified as being
part of the Eastern United States: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan,
Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin. A 2006 Census Bureau estimate put the
population at 66,217,736. The
United States Census Bureau divides this
region into the East North Central States (essentially the Great Lakes
States) and the West North Central States.
Chicago is the largest city in the region, followed by Indianapolis
Chicago has the largest metropolitan statistical area,
followed by Detroit, and Minneapolis – Saint Paul. Sault Ste. Marie,
Michigan is the oldest city in the region, having been founded by
French missionaries and explorers in 1668.
The term Midwest has been in common use for over 100 years. Another
term sometimes applied to the same general region is "the heartland".
Other designations for the region have fallen into disuse, such as the
"Northwest" or "Old Northwest" (from "Northwest Territory") and
"Mid-America". Since the book Middletown appeared in 1929,
sociologists have often used Midwestern cities (and the Midwest
generally) as "typical" of the entire nation. The region has a higher
employment-to-population ratio (the percentage of employed people at
least 16 years old) than the Northeast, the West, the South, or the
Sun Belt states.
Four of the states associated with the Midwestern United States
(Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota) are also
traditionally referred to as belonging in part to the Great Plains
Major population centers
The following is a list of the 24 largest cities in the East by
New York City
Virginia Beach, Virginia
East Coast of the United States
Territories of the
United States on stamps
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eastern United States.
Regions of the United States
District of Columbia
Minor Outlying Island
E N Central
W N Central
E S Central
W S Central
Slave and free states
Red states and blue states
Coordinates: 38°N 82°W / 38°N