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The EASTERN UNITED STATES, commonly referred to as the AMERICAN EAST or simply THE EAST, is a region roughly coinciding with the boundaries of the United States
United States
established in the 1783 Treaty of Paris , which bounded the new country to the west along the Mississippi River
Mississippi River
. It is geographically diverse, spanning the Northeast and Southeast as well as the eastern part of the Central United States
United States
.

In 2011 the 26 states east of the Mississippi
Mississippi
(including Washington, D.C. but not the small portions of Minnesota
Minnesota
and Louisiana
Louisiana
east of the river) had an estimated population of 179,948,346 or 58.28% of the total U.S. population of 308,745,358 (excluding Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
).

CONTENTS

* 1 Southern United States
United States
* 2 New England
New England
* 3 The Midwest * 4 Major population centers * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links

SOUTHERN UNITED STATES

Main article: Southern United States
United States

The Southern United States
United States
constitutes a large region in the south-eastern and south-central United States. Because of the region's unique cultural and historic heritage, including Native Americans ; early European settlements of English, Scots-Irish, Scottish and German heritage ; importation of hundreds of thousands of enslaved Africans; growth of a large proportion of African Americans in the population, reliance on slave labor, and legacy of the Confederacy after the American Civil War
American Civil War
, the South developed its own customs, literature, musical styles, and varied cuisines, that have profoundly shaped traditional American culture.The South's culture is deeply rooted in the American Civil War.

In the last few decades, the Southern US has been attracting internal and international migrants. The American South
American South
is among the fastest-growing areas in the United States.

Kentucky
Kentucky
, Tennessee
Tennessee
, Virginia
Virginia
, West Virginia
Virginia
, Maryland
Maryland
, Delaware , North Carolina
North Carolina
, South Carolina
South Carolina
, Georgia , Arkansas
Arkansas
, Alabama
Alabama
, Mississippi
Mississippi
, Florida
Florida
, and Louisiana
Louisiana
are parts of the Eastern United States which make up the area often known as the Southern United States.

NEW ENGLAND

Main article: New England
New England

New England
New England
is a region of the United States
United States
located in the northeastern corner of the country, bounded by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
, Canada
Canada
and the state of New York , consisting of the modern states of Maine
Maine
, New Hampshire
New Hampshire
, Vermont
Vermont
, Massachusetts
Massachusetts
, Rhode Island
Rhode Island
, and Connecticut
Connecticut
.

In one of the earliest English settlements in the New World
New World
, English Pilgrims
Pilgrims
from Europe first settled in New England
New England
in 1620, in the colony of Plymouth . In the late 18th century, the New England colonies would be among the first North American British colonies to demonstrate ambitions of independence from the British Crown
British Crown
, although they would later threaten secession over the War of 1812 between the United States
United States
and Britain.

New England
New England
produced the first examples of American literature and philosophy and was home to the beginnings of free public education. In the 19th century, it played a prominent role in the movement to abolish slavery in the United States
United States
. It was the first region of the United States
United States
to be transformed by the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
.

It is a region with one of the highest levels of support for the Democratic Party in the United States, with the majority of voters in every state voting for the Democrats in the 1992, 1996, 2004, 2008 and 2012 Presidential elections, and every state but New Hampshire
New Hampshire
voting for Al Gore
Al Gore
in 2000.

THE MIDWEST

Main article: Midwestern United States
United States

The Midwestern United States
United States
(in the U.S. generally referred to as the Midwest) is one of the four geographic regions within the United States that are recognized by the United States
United States
Census Bureau.

The region consists of seven states in the central and inland northeastern US: Illinois
Illinois
, Indiana
Indiana
, Iowa
Iowa
, Michigan
Michigan
, Minnesota
Minnesota
, Ohio
Ohio
, and Wisconsin
Wisconsin
. A 2006 Census Bureau estimate put the population at 66,217,736. Both the geographic center of the contiguous U.S. and the population center of the U.S. are in the Midwest. The United States
United States
Census Bureau divides this region into the East North Central States (essentially the Great Lakes
Great Lakes
States) and the West North Central States.

Chicago
Chicago
is the largest city in the region, followed by Indianapolis and Columbus . Chicago
Chicago
has the largest metropolitan statistical area, followed by Detroit, and Minneapolis – Saint Paul . Sault Ste. Marie , Michigan
Michigan
is the oldest city in the region, having been founded by French missionaries and explorers in 1668.

The term Midwest has been in common use for over 100 years. Another term sometimes applied to the same general region is "the heartland". Other designations for the region have fallen into disuse, such as the "Northwest" or "Old Northwest" (from "Northwest Territory") and "Mid-America". Since the book Middletown appeared in 1929, sociologists have often used Midwestern cities (and the Midwest generally) as "typical" of the entire nation. The region has a higher employment-to-population ratio (the percentage of employed people at least 16 years old) than the Northeast, the West, the South, or the Sun Belt states.

Four of the states associated with the Midwestern United States ( Kansas
Kansas
, Nebraska
Nebraska
, North Dakota , and South Dakota
South Dakota
) are traditionally referred to as belonging to the Great Plains
Great Plains
region. However, in recent years they are often included in the Midwestern region.

MAJOR POPULATION CENTERS

The following is a list of the 24 largest cities in the East by population:

*

New York City
New York City
population: 8,175,133 *

Chicago
Chicago
population: 2,695,598 *

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
population: 1,526,006 *

Jacksonville population: 821,784 *

Indianapolis
Indianapolis
population: 820,445 *

Columbus population: 787,033 *

Charlotte population: 731,424 *

Detroit
Detroit
population: 713,777 *

Memphis population: 646,889 *

Baltimore
Baltimore
population: 620,961 *

Boston
Boston
population: 617,594 *

Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
population: 601,723 *

Nashville population: 601,222 *

Louisville, Kentucky
Kentucky
population: 597,337 *

Milwaukee
Milwaukee
population: 594,833 *

Virginia
Virginia
Beach, Virginia
Virginia
population: 437,994 *

Atlanta
Atlanta
population: 420,003 *

Raleigh
Raleigh
population: 403,892 *

Miami
Miami
population: 399,457 *

Cleveland
Cleveland
population: 396,815 *

Tampa population: 335,709 *

Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
population: 305,704 *

Cincinnati
Cincinnati
population: 296,943 *

Lexington, Kentucky
Kentucky
population: 295,803

SEE ALSO

* East Coast of the United States
United States
* Eastern Canada
Canada
* Territories of the United States
United States
on stamps

.