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The Eastern United States, commonly referred to as the American East or simply the East, is a region roughly coinciding with the boundaries of the United States
United States
established in the 1783 Treaty of Paris, which bounded the new country to the west along the Mississippi
Mississippi
River. It is geographically diverse, spanning the Northeast and Southeast as well as the eastern part of the Central United States. In 2011 the 26 states east of the Mississippi
Mississippi
(in addition to Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
but not including the small portions of Louisiana
Louisiana
and Minnesota
Minnesota
east of the river) had an estimated population of 179,948,346 or 58.28% of the total U.S. population
U.S. population
of 308,745,358 (excluding Puerto Rico).

Contents

1 Southern United States 2 New England 3 The Midwest 4 Major population centers 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Southern United States[edit] Main article: Southern United States The Southern United States
United States
constitutes a large region in the south-eastern and south-central United States, usually enumerated as the following: Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland,[dubious – discuss] North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, and Louisiana; all of these are also considered to number among the Eastern United States. Its unique cultural and historic heritage includes the following aspects:

Native Americans early European settlements of English, Scots-Irish, Scottish and German heritage importation of hundreds of thousands of enslaved Africans growth of a large proportion of African Americans
African Americans
in the population reliance on slave labor legacy of the Confederacy after the American Civil War.

These led to "the South" developing distinctive customs, literature, musical styles, and varied cuisines, that have profoundly shaped traditional American culture. Many aspects of the South's culture remain deeply rooted in the American Civil War. In the last few decades,[vague] the Southern US has been attracting domestic and international migrants, and the American South[vague] is among the fastest-growing[vague] areas in the United States. New England[edit] Main article: New England New England
New England
is a region of the United States
United States
located in the northeastern corner of the country, bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, Canada
Canada
and the state of New York, consisting of the modern states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. In one of the earliest English settlements in the New World, English Pilgrims
Pilgrims
from Europe first settled in New England
New England
in 1620, in the colony of Plymouth. In the late 18th century, the New England
New England
colonies would be among the first North American British colonies to demonstrate ambitions of independence from the British Crown, although they would later threaten secession over the War of 1812
War of 1812
between the United States
United States
and Britain. New England
New England
produced the first examples of American literature and philosophy and was home to the beginnings of free public education. In the 19th century, it played a prominent role in the movement to abolish slavery in the United States. It was the first region of the United States
United States
to be transformed by the Industrial Revolution. Historically an area in which parts were strongly Republican, it is now a region with one of the highest levels of support for the Democratic Party in the United States, with the majority of voters in every state voting for the Democrats in the 1992, 1996, 2004, 2008, 2012 and 2016 Presidential elections, and every state but New Hampshire voting for Al Gore
Al Gore
in 2000. The Midwest[edit] Main article: Midwestern United States The Midwestern United States
United States
(in the U.S. generally referred to as the Midwest) is one of the four geographic regions within the United States that are recognized by the United States
United States
Census Bureau. Seven states in the central and inland northeastern US, traditionally considered to be part of the Midwest, can also be classified as being part of the Eastern United States: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin. A 2006 Census Bureau estimate put the population at 66,217,736. The United States
United States
Census Bureau divides this region into the East North Central States (essentially the Great Lakes States) and the West North Central States. Chicago
Chicago
is the largest city in the region, followed by Indianapolis and Columbus. Chicago
Chicago
has the largest metropolitan statistical area, followed by Detroit, and Minneapolis – Saint Paul. Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan
Michigan
is the oldest city in the region, having been founded by French missionaries and explorers in 1668. The term Midwest has been in common use for over 100 years. Another term sometimes applied to the same general region is "the heartland". Other designations for the region have fallen into disuse, such as the "Northwest" or "Old Northwest" (from "Northwest Territory") and "Mid-America". Since the book Middletown appeared in 1929, sociologists have often used Midwestern cities (and the Midwest generally) as "typical" of the entire nation. The region has a higher employment-to-population ratio (the percentage of employed people at least 16 years old) than the Northeast, the West, the South, or the Sun Belt states. Four of the states associated with the Midwestern United States (Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota) are also traditionally referred to as belonging in part to the Great Plains region. Major population centers[edit] The following is a list of the 24 largest cities in the East by population:

New York City population: 8,175,133

Chicago population: 2,695,598

Philadelphia population: 1,526,006

Jacksonville population: 821,784

Indianapolis population: 820,445

Columbus population: 787,033

Charlotte population: 731,424

Detroit population: 713,777

Memphis population: 646,889

Baltimore population: 620,961

Boston population: 617,594

Washington, D.C. population: 601,723

Nashville population: 601,222

Louisville, Kentucky population: 597,337

Milwaukee population: 594,833

Virginia
Virginia
Beach, Virginia population: 437,994

Atlanta population: 420,003

Raleigh population: 403,892

Miami population: 399,457

Cleveland population: 396,815

Tampa population: 335,709

Pittsburgh population: 305,704

Cincinnati population: 296,943

Lexington, Kentucky population: 295,803

See also[edit]

East Coast of the United States Eastern Canada Territories of the United States
United States
on stamps

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eastern United States.

v t e

Regions of the United States

Administrative (political)

Units

U.S. state District of Columbia Insular area Minor Outlying Island Maritime territory

Time zones

Hawaii–Aleutian Alaska Pacific Mountain Central Eastern

Census

West

Pacific Mountain

Midwest

E N Central W N Central

Northeast

New England Middle Atlantic

South

S Atlantic E S Central W S Central

Courts of appeals

1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th

Physical

Physiographic

Pacific Mountain Intermontane Plateaus Rocky Mountain Superior Upland Interior Plains Interior Highlands Appalachian Atlantic Plain

Coastal

Arctic West Great Lakes Gulf East

Historical

Acquisitions

Thirteen Colonies Northwest Territory Southwest Territory Louisiana
Louisiana
Purchase Gadsden Purchase Texas annexation Oregon Treaty Mexican Cession Alaska Purchase Newlands Resolution

Civil War

Union

Border states

Confederacy

Old South Dixie

Slave and free states

Theaters Pacific Western Trans-Mississippi Lower Seaboard Eastern

Divided

Pacific Northwest Atlantic Northeast Prairie Pothole Columbia Oregon

Other

Appalachia Border states Red states and blue states Central Eastern Four Corners Great Plains High Plains Intermountain Interior Northern Northwest South Central Southern

Deep New Upland

Southeast Southwest

List Category

Coordinates: 38°N 82°W / 38°N

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