East York, formally the
East York is a former municipality
within the City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It was a semi-autonomous
borough within the overall municipality of Metropolitan
1998, when it was amalgamated into the new "megacity" of Toronto.
Before the amalgamation, it was Canada's only borough.
It is separated by the Don River from the former City of Toronto.
East York is southeast of the river, and the
neighbourhoods of Leaside, Bennington Heights and densely populated
Thorncliffe Park are northwest of the river. The heart of
East York is
filled with middle-class and working-class homes, with extensive
high-rise developments along peripheral major streets and in Crescent
Town and Thorncliffe Park.
6 See also
7.3 Further reading
8 External links
Pape and Cosburn, 1911
Plains Road School East York, between 1900 and 1903
East York was originally part of York Township. Following the
incorporation of the Township of
North York in 1922, York Township was
divided by Toronto,
Leaside and North Toronto. With the rapid growth
that followed the opening of the Bloor-Danforth (Prince Edward)
Viaduct in 1919, the residents of the eastern half of York Township
(as an exclave of the western half) felt they had been neglected by
the township when it came to roads, sewers and other municipal
services. Left with the option to either join the City of
branch out on its own, 448 East Yorkers voted to incorporate a new
township, while 102 voted to amalgamate with Toronto. The Township of
East York was incorporated on January 1, 1924 with a population of
19,849. The western half of York Township retained its name.
East York was originally populated by working class
English people who
valued the opportunity to own small homes of their own, with front
lawns and back gardens. Many had immigrated from
Yorkshire. In 1961, 71.7% of the population identified themselves as
having British origins.
In the late 1940s, after World War II,
East York became home to many
returning veterans and their families. Many inexpensive homes were
built, including the houses around Topham Park, by the government, to
house the returning veterans and the baby boomers. The local
government was both socially conscious and frugal, fitting the
residents' self-image of
East York as filled with supportive
neighbours and non-government organizations.
For many years, the borough did not allow the serving of alcoholic
beverages in any restaurants, etc. The result was a heavy
concentration of alcohol-serving restaurants and bars on Danforth
Avenue, a main street in the city of
Toronto running east-west just
south of East York. The prohibition of serving alcohol was eliminated
in the 1970s.
The borough of
East York was established in 1967 through the
amalgamation of the former township of
East York and the former town
Leaside was a planned industrial and residential
East York has over the years been a residential enclave for
senior citizens, as the original owners from the 1940s age and as
younger families move out to suburbs to live in larger houses. East
York had its own fire department with three stations, which are still
in operation today under the combined
Toronto Fire Services. Recently,
rapid and accelerated gentrification has changed many neighbourhoods.
Many one-story bungalows have added second floors, and many shops have
been converted to more upscale shops. Canada's only borough, East York
was semi-autonomous within the greater municipality of Metropolitan
In 1998, East York, along with North York, York, Scarborough,
Etobicoke and Old Toronto, were amalgamated into the new "megacity" of
Toronto. East York's last mayor was
Michael Prue who went on to become
city councillor for East York, and then a Member of Provincial
Beaches—East York in 2001. Between 2002 and 2005, the
East York Civic Centre's "True Davidson Council Chamber" was used to
Toronto Computer Leasing Inquiry/
Toronto External Contracts
East York is located just near the mouth of the Don River. The
municipality borders Scarborough to the east, Old
Toronto to the west,
North York to the north.
Visible Minorities, 2006 
Other visible minorities, n.i.e.
East York's population was 115,185 in 2001. By the 2006 census, the
population had dropped slightly (−2.7%), to 112,054.[nb 1]
Since the 1970s, the population composition has changed from
predominantly British, as
East York has become a major arrival point
for immigrants, many of whom have established their first Canadian
residence in the apartments that became plentiful in Thorncliffe Park,
Crescent Town and elsewhere on or near main streets. Almost half of
the population in 2001 (45.1%) was foreign-born, and of these, 49.0%
had immigrated to the area between 1991 and 2001.  These groups
include Bengalis, Indians, Pakistanis, Jamaicans, Filipinos and Sri
East York also has a well established Greek population and a
growing Chinese community. In 2006 the percentage of visible
minorities was 38.4%, and the percentage of immigrants was 44.4%.
The religious affiliations of the
East York population are consistent
with its ethnic composition. Some 63.4% of the population adheres to
Christianity, with an almost even split between Catholics (23.6%) and
Protestants (25.3%). Christian Orthodox and unspecified types of
Christianity make up 12.0% and 2.5% respectively. The largest
non-Christian religious group is Muslim, who make up 12.6% of
religious adherents, followed by
Buddhism (1.6%), and
Judaism (0.9%). A sizable percentage of the population (17.1%) has no
religious affiliation. 
There is also
Estonian House which is the unofficial Estonian
Consulate in Toronto. The building houses a banquets, social events,
and even an Estonian school for the Estonian community of
While English is the dominant language in the area, nearly half
(42.6%) of the population reports that their first language was
neither English nor French.
East York is home to various sports teams. The hockey teams are the
Bulldogs, playing in
East York Arena, Victoria Village, playing in
Victoria Village arena and the Flames, playing in
Community Gardens. All three leagues offer co-ed (boys and girls)
entry level and competitive select hockey for various ages, being
played in the
North York Hockey League.
East York is home to East York
Soccer, playing at
East York Collegiate,
Clairlea Soccer, playing at
various locations and the Leaside-East
Toronto Soccer Club, playing at
Leaside High School and Flemingdon, who offer entry level and
competitive soccer for all ages.
East York is represented by East York
City FC in soccer.
East York is home to baseball organizations such as
East York and Topham Park.
East York provides entry level and AAA
baseball for all ages, while Topham Park provides entry level and
competitive select softball.
East York is home to a provincially known
figure skating club, a gymnastics club, a lawn bowling club, and a
East York has a skateboarding community group, Team EY,
who collaborated with the local skateboarding community to build the
East York Skatepark in 2007.
Leaside Memorial Community Gardens, the largest recreation centre in
Leaside, provides an indoor swimming pool, an ice rink, a curling rink
and a large auditorium.
Toronto District School Board operates English-language and French
Immersion secular public schools.
East York Board of Education, the
previous education authority, merged into the TDSB.
Toronto Catholic District School Board also operates 4 elementary
schools and no high school in that area (one was closed and went
defunct). St. Patrick Catholic Secondary School, however, is a feeder
school for all
East York Catholics.
List of people from East York
List of mayors of East York
List of neighbourhoods in East York
East York is no longer a separate municipality, Statistics Canada
no longer reports its population (or other statistics). The total
population was obtained for this article by summing the census tracts
East York before 2006.
^ Davidson, True. 1976. The Golden Years of East York. Toronto:
Centennial College Press.
^ "2001 Census Data for East York".
^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 27, 2010.
Retrieved November 12, 2010.
Davidson, True. 1976. The Golden Years of East York. Toronto:
Centennial College Press.
Gillies, Marion and Barry Wellman. 1968. "East York: A Profile."
Report to Community Studies Section, Clarke Institute of Psychiatry,
Wellman, Barry and Bernie Hogan, with Kristen Berg, Jeffrey Boase,
Juan-Antonio Carrasco, Rochelle Côté, Jennifer Kayahara, Tracy L.M.
Kennedy and Phouc Tran. “Connected Lives: The Project”
Pp. 157–211 in Networked Neighbourhoods: The Online Community
in Context, edited by Patrick Purcell. Guildford, UK: Springer, 2006.
Media related to
East York at Wikimedia Commons
East York Information
East York Weather
Former municipalities of
Toronto by year of amalgamation
Town of York
1888: Seaton Village
1890: Bedford Park
1908: Deer Park
1910: Moore Park
Neighbourhoods in Toronto
Bloor West Village
Bloor Street Culture Corridor
Church and Wellesley
East Bayfront District
Gerrard India Bazaar
High Park North
Queen Street West
St. James Town
West Don Lands
West Don Lands (Canary District)
Bayview Woods – Steeles
Don Valley Village
Jane and Finch
North York City Centre
Pelmo Park – Humberlea
York University Heights
Scarborough City Centre
Tam O'Shanter – Sullivan
Eringate – Centennial – West Deane
Humber Heights – Westmount
Humber Valley Village
Islington–City Centre West
The Queensway – Humber Bay
Old East York
Italics indicate neighbourhoods now defunct. For information on the
evolution of each neighbourhood in general, see History of