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The Mormaer
Mormaer
or Earl of Atholl
Atholl
was the title of the holder of a medieval comital lordship straddling the highland province of Atholl (Ath Fodhla), now in northern Perthshire. Atholl
Atholl
is a special Mormaerdom, because a King of Atholl
Atholl
is reported from the Pictish period. The only other two Pictish kingdoms to be known from contemporary sources are Fortriu
Fortriu
and Circinn. Indeed, the early 13th century document known to modern scholars as the de Situ Albanie repeats the claim that Atholl
Atholl
was an ancient Pictish kingdom. In the 11th century, the famous Crínán of Dunkeld may have performed the role of Mormaer. Royal connections continued with Máel Muire, who was the son of King Donnchad I, and the younger brother of Máel Coluim III mac Donnchada. Matad was perhaps the most famous of the Mormaers, fathering Harald Maddadsson, a notorious rebel of the Scottish King and perhaps the first Gael
Gael
to rule Orkney
Orkney
as Earl of Orkney. The line of Máel Muire and Crínán came to an end when Forbhlaith, the daughter of Mormaer Henry married David de Hastings. The latter marriage produced a daughter, Ada, who married into the Strathbogie family, a semi-Normanized Gaelic family with Fife
Fife
origins. The Strathbogies ruled until the Wars of Independence, when the Campells took over. It finally passed to the Stewarts.

Contents

1 Early Mormaers/Earls of Atholl 2 Earls of Atholl; Second creation (1320) 3 Earls of Atholl; Third creation (1341) 4 Earls of Atholl; Fourth creation (1342) 5 Earls of Atholl; Fifth creation (1398) 6 Earls of Atholl; Sixth creation (1403) 7 Earls of Atholl; Seventh creation (1404) 8 Earls of Atholl; Eighth creation (1457) 9 Earls of Atholl; Ninth creation (1596) 10 Earls of Atholl; Tenth creation (1629) 11 See also 12 References

Early Mormaers/Earls of Atholl[edit]

Dubdon (fl. 960s) Duncan II MacDonachadh 970s - 1010[citation needed] Crínán? (d. 1045) ? Máel Muire (fl. 1130s) Matad, Earl of Atholl (d. 1151x1161) Máel Coluim, Earl of Atholl (d. 1190s) Henry, Earl of Atholl (d. 1211) Isabella, Countess of Atholl (d. ?)

m. Thomas of Galloway
Thomas of Galloway
(d. 1232) m. (?) Alan Durward

Padraig, Earl of Atholl (d. 1241) Forbhlaith, Countess of Atholl (d. ?)

m. David de Hastings

Ada, Countess of Atholl (d. 1264) m. John de Strathbogie David de Strathbogie, 8th Earl of Atholl
Atholl
(d. 1270) John de Strathbogie, 9th Earl of Atholl (d. 1306) David II Strathbogie, Earl of Atholl (d. 1326) (forfeited)

After David II, two of others of his name claimed the lordship, though neither exercised it:

David III Strathbogie, titular Earl of Atholl
David III Strathbogie, titular Earl of Atholl
(d. 1335) David IV Strathbogie, titular Earl of Atholl
Atholl
(d. 1369)

Earls of Atholl; Second creation (1320)[edit]

John Campbell, 1st Earl of Atholl
Atholl
(d. 1333) inherited the property confiscated from David II Strathbogie in about 1320, but died without issue

Earls of Atholl; Third creation (1341)[edit]

William Douglas, 1st Earl of Atholl
Atholl
(d. 1353) resigned his earldom upon or shortly after creation

Earls of Atholl; Fourth creation (1342)[edit]

Other titles: Earl of Strathearn
Earl of Strathearn
(1358, abd. 1369, regained 1370)

Robert Stewart, 1st Earl of Atholl
Atholl
(1316–1390), grandson of Robert I, ceased to be Earl of Atholl
Atholl
in 1367, and later became King Robert II in 1371

Earls of Atholl; Fifth creation (1398)[edit]

Other titles: Duke of Rothesay
Duke of Rothesay
(1398) and Earl of Carrick
Earl of Carrick
(c. 1390)

David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, 1st Earl of Atholl
Atholl
(d. 1402), grandson of Robert II, died without issue

Earls of Atholl; Sixth creation (1403)[edit]

Other titles: Duke of Albany
Duke of Albany
(1398), Earl of Fife
Fife
(1371, res. 1372) and Earl of Buchan
Earl of Buchan
(1382, res. 1406)

Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany, 1st Earl of Atholl
Atholl
(1340–1420), third son of Robert II, was created Earl of Atholl
Atholl
for the life of his brother (Robert III) only. He therefore lost the earldom upon the death of his brother in 1406.

Earls of Atholl; Seventh creation (1404)[edit]

Other titles: Earl of Caithness
Earl of Caithness
(1375, abd c 1428–1430), Earl of Strathearn (1427 for life), Earl of Caithness
Earl of Caithness
(1430) and Baron Cortachy (1409)

Walter Stewart, 1st Earl of Atholl
Atholl
(d. 1437), sixth and youngest son of Robert II, was attainted (his honours forfeit) and executed for his part in the murder of James I

Earls of Atholl; Eighth creation (1457)[edit]

Other titles: Lord of Balveny (1460)

John Stewart, 1st Earl of Atholl (1440–1512) (a half-brother of James II (from a different Stewart family)) John Stewart, 2nd Earl of Atholl (d. 1521), only son of the 1st Earl John Stewart, 3rd Earl of Atholl (1507–1542), only son of the 2nd Earl John Stewart, 4th Earl of Atholl (d. 1579), only son of the 3rd Earl John Stewart, 5th Earl of Atholl
Atholl
(1563–1595), only son of the 4th Earl, died without issue

Earls of Atholl; Ninth creation (1596)[edit]

Other titles: Lord Innermeath (1469)

John Stewart, 1st Earl of Atholl (1566–1603) (only son of the 5th Lord Innermeath) James Stewart, 2nd Earl of Atholl
Atholl
(d. 1625) (only son of the 1st Earl, died without issue and both titles became extinct)

Earls of Atholl; Tenth creation (1629)[edit]

see Duke of Atholl

See also[edit]

Clan Murray Atholl

References[edit]

^ Paul, James Balfour (1904). The Scots Peerage: Volume I. Edinburgh: D. Douglas. p. 433. Retrieved 1 October 2017. 

Anderson, Alan Orr, Early Sources of Scottish History: AD 500–1286, 2 Vols, (Edinburgh, 1922) Roberts, John L., Lost Kingdoms: Celtic Scotland in the Middle Ages, (Edinburgh, 1997)

v t e

Mormaerdoms or Earldoms attested before 1286

Angus Atholl Buchan Caithness Carrick Dunbar Fife Lennox Mar Mearns Menteith Moray Ross Strathearn Sutherland

v t e

Mormaers or Earls of Atholl

[Known] 10th-century mormaers

Dubdon

[Known] Mormaers from the Atholl
Atholl
line

Máel Muire of Atholl Matad of Atholl Máel Coluim of Atholl Henry of Atholl Isabella of Atholl
Atholl
(with 1. Tomás Mac Uchtraigh; 2. Alan Durward) Padraig of Atholl Forbhlaith of Atholl (with David de Hastings) Ada de Hastings (with John of Strathbogie) David I of Strathbogie John of Strathbogie David II of Strathbogie

Appointed between Robert I and James I

John Campbell William Douglas, Lord of Liddesdale Robert Stewart David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany Walter Stewart

Stewart of Balveny

John Stewart, 1st Earl John Stewart, 2nd Earl John Stewart, 3rd Earl John Stewart, 4th Earl John Stewart, 5th Earl

Stewart of Innermeath

John Stewart, 1st Earl James

.