ESPN ON ABC (known as ABC SPORTS from 1961 to 2006) is the brand used
for sports event and documentary programming televised on the American
Broadcasting Company (ABC) in the
United States . Officially, the
broadcast network retains its own sports division; however, for all
practical purposes, ABC's sports division has been merged into ESPN
Inc. , the parent subsidiary of cable sports network
ESPN that is
majority owned by ABC's corporate parent,
The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company , in
partnership with the
Hearst Corporation .
ABC broadcasts use ESPN's production and announcing staff, and
incorporate elements such as ESPN-branded on-screen graphics,
SportsCenter _ in-game updates, and the BottomLine ticker . The ABC
logo is used for identification purposes as a digital on-screen
graphic during sports broadcasts on the network, and in promotions to
disambiguate events airing the broadcast network from those shown on
ESPN cable channel.
The broadcast network's sports event coverage carried the ABC Sports
brand prior to September 2, 2006. When ABC acquired a controlling
ESPN in 1984, it operated the cable network separately
from its network sports division. The integration of ABC
ESPN began after
The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company bought ABC in 1996. The
branding change to _
ESPN on ABC_ was made to better orient ESPN
viewers with event telecasts on ABC and provide consistent branding
for all sports broadcasts on Disney-owned channels (shortly
ESPN2 's in-game graphics were likewise altered to simply
use the main "ESPN" brand). Despite its name, ABC's sports coverage is
ESPN and (with occasional exceptions) not a simulcast
of programs aired by the network, although
ESPN2 will often
carry ABC's regional broadcasts that otherwise would not air in
certain markets .
* 1 History
* 1.1 Pre-Disney/
* 1.2 1980s and 1990s: Disney purchase and
* 1.3 2000–2005: Continued integration
* 1.4 2006–present: The end of ABC
Sports and introduction of ESPN
* 1.4.1 Limited re-emphasis on ABC brand since 2015
* 1.5 ESPN, ABC Sports, and Hearst
* 1.6 Siphoning
* 2 Picture format differences from
ESPN cable outlets
* 3 Taglines
* 4 Programs throughout the years
* 4.1 Current programs
* 4.2 Additional programming
* 4.3 Former programs
* 5 Notable personalities
* 5.1 Current
* 5.1.1 Play-by-play
* 5.1.2 Analysts
* 5.1.3 Reporters
* 5.1.4 Studio hosts
* 5.2 Former
* 5.2.1 Play-by-play
* 5.2.2 Analysts
* 5.2.3 Reporters
* 5.2.4 Studio hosts
* 5.2.5 Behind-the-scenes personnel
* 6 Presidents
* 6.1 ABC
* 7 Main competitors
* 8 References
* 8.1 Bibliography
* 9 External links
Like its longtime competitors
Sports , ABC Sports
was originally part of the news division of the ABC network, and,
after 1961, was spun off into a separate sports division.
Roone Arledge came to ABC
Sports as a producer of NCAA football
games in 1960, the network was in financial shambles. The
International Olympic Committee even wanted a bank to guarantee ABC's
contract to broadcast the 1960 Olympics . At the time, Edward Scherick
served as the de facto head of ABC Sports. Scherick had joined the
fledgling ABC television network when he persuaded it to purchase
Sports Programs, Inc., in exchange for the network acquiring shares in
the company. Scherick had formed the company after he left
CBS , when
the network would not make him the head of its sports programming unit
(choosing to instead appoint former baseball public relations agent
William C. McPhail). Before ABC
Sports even became a formal division
of the network, Scherick and ABC programming chief Tom Moore pulled
off many programming deals involving the most popular American
While Scherick was not interested in "For Men Only," he recognized
the talent that Arledge had. Arledge realized ABC was the organization
he was looking to become part of. The lack of a formal organization
would offer him the opportunity to claim real power when the network
matured. With this, he signed on with Scherick as an assistant
producer, with Arledge eventually ascending to a role as executive
producer of its sports telecasts.
Several months before ABC began broadcasting NCAA college football
games, Arledge sent Scherick a remarkable memo, filled with youthful
exuberance, and television production concepts which sports broadcasts
have adhered to since. Network broadcasts of sporting events had
previously consisted of simple set-ups and focused on the game itself.
In his memo, Arledge not only offered another way to broadcast the
game to the sports fan, but recognized that television had to take
fans to the game. In addition, he had the forethought to realize that
the broadcasts needed to attract, and hold the attention of female
viewers, as well as males. On September 17, 1960, the then-29-year-old
Arledge put his vision into reality with ABC's first NCAA college
football broadcast from Birmingham ,
Alabama , between the Alabama
Crimson Tide and the Georgia Bulldogs which
Alabama won, 21–6.
Despite the production values he brought to NCAA college football,
Scherick wanted low-budget sports programming (as in inexpensive
broadcasting rights) that could attract and retain an audience. He hit
upon the idea of broadcasting track and field events sponsored by the
Amateur Athletic Union . While Americans were not exactly fans of
track and field events, Scherick figured that Americans understood
In January 1961, Scherick called Arledge into his office, and asked
him to attend the annual AAU board of governors meeting. While he was
shaking hands, Scherick said, "if the mood seemed right, might he cut
a deal to broadcast AAU events on ABC?" It seemed like a tall
assignment, however as Scherick said years later, "Roone was a gentile
and I was not." Arledge came back with a deal for ABC to broadcast all
AAU events for $50,000 per year. Next, Scherick and Arledge divided up
their NCAA college football sponsor list. They then telephoned their
sponsors and said in so many words, "Advertise on our new sports show
coming up in April, or forget about buying commercials on NCAA college
football this fall." The two persuaded enough sponsors to advertise on
the broadcasts, though it took them to the last day of a deadline
imposed by ABC's programming operations to do it.
_Wide World of
Sports _ – an anthology series featuring a different
sporting event each broadcast, which premiered on the network on April
29, 1961 – suited Scherick's plans exactly. By exploiting the
speed of jet transportation and flexibility of videotape , Scherick
was able to undercut
NBC and CBS's advantages in broadcasting live
sporting events. In that era, with communications nowhere near as
universal as they are in the present day, ABC was able to safely
record events on videotape for later broadcast without worrying about
an audience finding out the results. Arledge, his colleague Chuck
Howard , and
Jim McKay (who left
CBS for this opportunity) made up the
show on a week-by-week basis during the first year of _Wide World_'s
run. Arledge had a genius for the dramatic storyline that unfolded in
the course of a game or event. McKay's honest curiosity and reporter's
bluntness gave the show an emotional appeal which attracted viewers
who might not have otherwise watched a sporting event. More
importantly from Arledge's perspective, _Wide World of Sports_ allowed
him to demonstrate his ability as an administrator as well as a
His ability to provide prime sports content was solidified in 1964,
when ABC appointed Arledge as the vice president of ABC Sports. That
same year, Scherick left the sports division to become ABC's vice
president of programming – leaving Arledge as the top executive at
ABC Sports, although he would not gain a formal title as president for
In 1968, Arledge was formally appointed as president of ABC Sports.
As the sports division's president for the succeeding 18 years, his
job was his hobby; as he described it, it was good because he watched
sports for work rather than leisure, but had a downside as he had no
time left for leisure activities. He made sportsmen into stars, a
trend he would later bring to the news division where he lured
established anchors and correspondents such as
David Brinkley and
Diane Sawyer and paid unheard-of salaries, including the first
million-dollar contract to
Barbara Walters .
Arledge personally produced all ten of ABC's Olympic Games
broadcasts, created the primetime _
Monday Night Football _ and coined
the famous "thrill of victory, agony of defeat" tagline first used on
_Wide World of Sports_ – although ABC insiders of that era attribute
the authorship to legendary sports broadcaster Jim McKay. Over the
next few years, the look of the network's sports telecasts became more
intimate and entertaining as under Arledge, ABC introduced techniques
such as slow motion replay, freeze frame , instant replay ,
split-screen, hand-held cameras, endzone cameras, underwater cameras
and cameras on cranes.
As part of an agreement with the
National Football League (which
completed its merger with the
American Football League that year),
_Monday Night Football_ debuted on ABC in September 1970, which
served as the NFL's premier game of the week until 2006, when _Sunday
Night Football _, which moved to
NBC that year as part of a broadcast
deal that in turn saw _MNF_ move to ESPN, took over as the league's
marquee game. Although it suffered a decline in ratings toward the end
of its ABC run, the program was a hit for the network; according to
Leonard Goldenson , _Monday Night Football_ helped
regularly score ABC an audience share of 15%–16%.
With the creation of _Monday Night Football_, Arledge not only
anchored ABC's primetime programming, but created a national pastime.
At first, nobody – including the affiliates and the advertisers –
supported the idea of primetime football games at the beginning of the
week. Arledge said regarding this skepticism, "But I thought there was
something special about football, because there are so few games, and
relatively few teams. Also, there is something about the look of a
night game, with the lights bouncing off the helmets."
It was not only the lights that made watching Arledge-style football
on ABC an event in itself. The games were transformed into events
through the technical innovations envisioned by Arledge and through a
new style of sportscaster embodied in
Howard Cosell . ABC was the
first network not to allow announcer approval by the league from which
it was purchasing broadcast rights. Arledge said, "
CBS had been the
basic football network. They treated it like a religion and would
almost never criticize it. But if you screwed up on _Monday Night
Football_, Cosell would let everyone know about it." Arledge proudly
pointed out that the program "changed the habits of the nation."
In 1977, Arledge's executive responsibilities at ABC were expanded,
and he was made president of
ABC News while remaining as head of ABC
1980S AND 1990S: DISNEY PURCHASE AND
Sports broadcasting complex at the 1993 Indianapolis 500
The seeds of its eventual integration with
ESPN occurred when ABC
acquired a controlling interest in
Getty Oil in 1984. One
Capital Cities Communications purchased ABC for US$ 3.5
billion. Although some
ESPN sportscasters such as John Saunders and
Dick Vitale began to also appear on ABC
Sports telecasts and shared
some sports content (particularly the USFL ),
ESPN and ABC Sports
continued to operate as separate entities.
The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company bought Capital Cities/ABC in 1996,
Disney started to slowly integrate
ESPN and ABC Sports. ESPN
Chris Berman ,
Mike Tirico and
Brad Nessler also
began working on ABC
Sports broadcasts. In 1998,
ESPN adopted the
graphics and music package used by ABC
Sports for _Monday Night
Football_ for the network's _Sunday Night Football_ broadcasts. ESPN
graphics were also utilized on ABC's motorsports telecasts, including
NASCAR events, during this period.
That same year,
ESPN signed a five-year contract to televise National
Hockey League (NHL) games, whereby the cable network essentially
purchased time on ABC to air selected NHL games on the broadcast
network. This was noted in copyright tags at the conclusion of the
telecasts (i.e., _"The preceding program has been paid for by ESPN,
ESPN later signed a similar television rights contract with
National Basketball Association in 2002, allowing it to produce
and broadcast NBA games on ABC under a similar time buy on the
2000–2005: CONTINUED INTEGRATION
Sports logo, used from 2001 to 2006.
Between 2000 and 2002, many ABC
Sports programs utilized graphics
almost identical to those used on ESPN. One notable exception was
_Monday Night Football_, which switched to a different graphics
package as part of then-new producer
Don Ohlmeyer 's attempt to
provide some renewed vigor into those telecasts. Subsequently, ABC
changed graphics packages each fall from 2002 to 2005, while ESPN's
basically remained consistent.
Meanwhile, Disney continued to consolidate the corporate structure of
ESPN and ABC Sports.
Steve Bornstein was given the title as president
ESPN and ABC
Sports in 1996. The sales, marketing, and
production departments of both divisions were eventually merged. As a
ESPN uses some union production crews for its coverage (as the
networks normally do), whereas non-union personnel are quite common in
cable sports broadcasting.
2006–PRESENT: THE END OF ABC SPORTS AND INTRODUCTION OF
ESPN ON ABC
In August 2006, it was announced that ABC
Sports would be totally
integrated into ESPN, incorporating the graphics and music used by the
cable channel and its related television properties, and production
staff. The brand integration does not directly affect whether the ESPN
cable channel or ABC carries a particular event, as in most cases this
is governed by contracts with the applicable league or organization.
Perhaps confusingly, this means that some events are broadcast with
ESPN branding during ABC coverage, even though another channel owns
the cable rights. For example, TNT held the cable television rights to
British Open from 2003 to 2009 (with ABC carrying the tournament's
weekend coverage); in addition, since 2009, ABC has shared the rights
IndyCar Series with
NBCSN . IndyCar fans who have criticized ESPN
on ABC's race broadcasts have used "Always Bad Coverage" as a derisive
backronym pertaining to the quality of the telecasts. On the other
Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball games; however, ABC does not as
Fox holds the broadcast television rights to the league's game
The last live sporting event televised under the ABC
United States Championship Game in the Little League World
Series on Saturday, August 26, 2006 (ABC was slated to carry the
Little League World Series Championship Game on Sunday, August 27,
however rain forced the postponement of the game to the following
Monday, August 28, with that game subsequently airing on
ESPN2 ). The
changeover took effect the following weekend to coincide with the
start of the college football season, with NBA ,
IndyCar Series and
NASCAR coverage eventually following suit.
However, ABC used a separate graphics package (incorporating the
network's own logo) during its coverage of the final round of the
Scripps National Spelling Bee , which were similar to the older-styled
ESPN graphics but with a yellow base. In 2008, though, it utilized the
newer yellow and red
ESPN graphics which had been used on other recent
telecasts, but with the ABC logo. These graphics were used through
2010. In 2011, the Bee was moved off of network TV and the telecast
began to be produced by Scripps Television, which uses its own
Limited Re-emphasis On ABC Brand Since 2015
ESPN has signed new contracts with various conferences to produce
college football coverage, the network has begun branding its coverage
of select conferences to which it has rights. This branding was first
seen on SEC broadcasts in 2011, which became the "SEC on ESPN". ACC
broadcasts followed suit in 2012 becoming the "ACC on ESPN". Despite
the fact that ACC games also air on ABC, the games remain branded as
the "ACC on ESPN" regardless of network. In 2016, a new contract
brought conference branding to Big Ten telecasts as well, which air on
ESPN and ABC. While Big Ten games that air on
ESPN cable channels
are branded as the "Big Ten on ESPN", games airing on ABC are now
branded as the "Big Ten on ABC". While the program is still officially
ESPN College Football which is reflected when talent appears
on screen, the Big Ten on ABC logo and branding is used for intro,
program IDs, and replay wipes. This is the first time any regularly
scheduled sporting event outside of the National Spelling Bee has
carried any ABC branding since 2006.
Also starting with Saturday Primetime in 2017, live NBA game action
no longer shows the
ESPN identification on screen. Previously under
ESPN on ABC (since 2006-07), the
ESPN logo was part of the score
banner, while the ABC logo was separately floating on the right side
of the screen, remaining on screen during replays. The version of the
new 2016-17 graphics package used on ABC replaces the
ESPN logo in the
score banner with several stars, while the ABC logo (still constantly
on screen) anchors the right side of the banner. In addition,
commercial transitions for ABC games now contain the ABC logo. It is
the first time NBA games on ABC don't have
ESPN identification during
live action since the 2006 NBA Finals.
ESPN, ABC SPORTS, AND HEARST
ESPN on ABC logo, used from its introduction in 2006 until 2012.
Despite the rebranding, ABC
Sports continues to exist, at least
nominally, as a division of the ABC network. One indication of this
was the retention of
George Bodenheimer 's official title as
ESPN Inc. and ABC Sports" even after the rebranding –
the second part of the title would presumably be unnecessary if ESPN
had fully absorbed ABC's sports operations – though following
Bodenheimer's retirement and the subsequent appointment of John
Skipper at the end of 2011, the title was shortened to "President,
ESPN Inc." In addition, ABC itself maintains the copyright over many
of the ESPN-branded broadcasts, if they are not contractually assigned
to the applicable league or organizer, suggesting that
ESPN has merely
"loaned" usage of its brand name , staff and infrastructure to ABC,
rather than having acquired ABC
This is likely a minor technicality stemming from
technically a joint venture between Disney (which owns an 80%
controlling interest) and the
Hearst Corporation (which owns the
remaining 20%). Disney has long exercised operational control of the
network, while Hearst is believed to be more of a silent partner
rather than an active participant in ESPN's management. However, this
relationship does mean that Hearst's ABC-affiliated stations – such
WMUR-TV in Manchester ,
New Hampshire ; WTAE-TV
West Palm Beach ;
KMBC-TV in Kansas City – have right of first refusal to local
simulcasts of ESPN-televised
Monday Night Football games involving
home-market teams, which are very rarely waived to other stations
within their markets. Equally, other Hearst-owned stations such as NBC
Baltimore , and WDSU-TV in New Orleans have been
able to air NFL games from
ESPN for the same reason (independent
WMOR-TV in the Tampa market is also eligible to air these
games, but rarely if ever does so).
Under NFL broadcasting rules, the league's cable-televised games must
be simulcast on broadcast television in the local markets of the teams
playing in the broadcast, though the game is not permitted to air in
the home team's market if tickets do not sell out 72 hours before
kickoff – games that are not sold out must be blacked out in the
market of origin (due to the league's March 2015 decision to suspend
its blackout policies, all NFL games televised by
ESPN during the 2015
season are allowed to air on broadcast television in the originating
market of the game and the home markets of both participating teams).
Similar rules and rights were previously in place for ESPN-televised
Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball playoff games, except in that non-sellout games
were not blacked out (
Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball does not black out games
based on attendance, but rather to protect local broadcasters). ABC
owned-and-operated stations also have right of first refusal for NFL
Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball postseason ) simulcasts from
ESPN, though in recent years the stations have passed on airing the
game telecasts in favor of carrying ABC's Monday night schedule, which
includes the popular reality competition series _Dancing with the
The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company have been criticized for decreasing
the amount of sports programming televised on ABC. Several ABC
affiliates have also voiced opposition regarding the increasing
migration of live sporting event telecasts from ABC to ESPN.
An example was in regards to
NASCAR race broadcasts: from 2007 to
2009, ABC aired all of the Chase for the
NASCAR Sprint Cup races,
along with one other race. From 2010 to 2014, only three Sprint Cup
races and one Chase race (Charlotte ) were shown on ABC, to the
outrage of many
NASCAR fans and sponsors. Several other events such as
college football's Rose Bowl and
Capital One Bowl games, and the
British Open golf tournament have also been transferred from ABC to
ESPN (although the
Capital One Bowl would return to ABC in 2013).
This, however, is not entirely the fault of ESPN, as ABC in general
has attracted a primarily female viewership in recent years, with
sports largely attracting a male-dominated –though not exclusive –
The decrease in sports events televised by ABC has resulted in the
network having a very inconsistent weekend afternoon sports schedule
similar – if not somewhat equal – to Fox in previous years (and to
some extent, to this day, even with the expansion of sports coverage
on Fox since 2011); ESPN-produced sports specials (aired as part of
30 for 30 _ and _E:60 _ anthology series) and/or more recently,
figure skating and gymnastics specials supplied by Disson Skating (a
subsidiary of independent production company Disson
Sports until 2014,
ABC-supplied rerun blocks of certain prime-time network shows and
occasional theatrical film telecasts have also filled the schedule on
weekend afternoons without a scheduled sports event. As a consequence
of this, ABC turned over an hour of its then-existing two-hour Sunday
afternoon block (from 4:00 to 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time ) to its
affiliates on June 21, 2015, reducing its Sunday schedule on weeks
without major sporting events to one hour; the 5:00 p.m. (Eastern)
hour that was retained is usually reserved for rebroadcasts of ESPN
sports documentaries. However, as of January 2016, ABC rescinded the
remaining hour of its Sunday afternoon schedule (5:00–6:00 PM
Eastern Time) back to its affiliates thus leaving ABC without a Sunday
afternoon block (save for major sporting events). This exclusively
relegated ABC's sports schedule to Saturday afternoons (and by
extension, ABC's non-news weekend schedule to 3:00 to 6:00 PM and 8:00
to 11:00 PM on Saturdays and 7:00 to 11:00 PM on Sundays). ABC's
in-house network-programmed Sunday schedule not counting news-related
programming as a result of this is now exclusively relegated to its
four-hour prime time block (from 7:00 to 11:00 PM).
In the past few years, ABC gave up several lucrative sports
contracts. It gave up the rights for the
American Le Mans Series in
2013 when it merged with the
Rolex Grand Am Series to form the
Weathertech Sportscar Championship and subsequently moved to Fox. It
also ended its FIFA coverage with rights also being transferred to Fox
one year later in 2014. It then lost the
NASCAR broadcast rights the
same year with the rights being picked up by NBC. Also, it phased out
the last of its college basketball coverage also in the same year (the
SEC Men\'s Basketball Tournament ) with the tournament being moved to
ESPN cable networks. It also gave up its highlights show relating
British Open golf tournament one year later. In 2016, ABC ended
its regularly scheduled doubleheaders for its NBA Sunday Showcase,
opting to opening up a window for Saturday night games and leaving
single games on Sunday afternoons in most cases. In addition, ABC
Grantland -related programming when the brand shut
down operations in October.
ESPN has announced they will simulcast an NFL Wild Card Playoff game
on ABC starting in 2016, marking the first time ABC will have an NFL
Super Bowl XL
Super Bowl XL .
PICTURE FORMAT DIFFERENCES FROM
ESPN CABLE OUTLETS
ESPN on ABC events were still produced
with graphics and a BottomLine framed for the 4:3 aspect ratio – as
opposed to the 16:9 formatting used for the ticker and graphics on the
ESPN family of networks, as well as CBS, Fox, and NBC's sports
telecasts. However, beginning during the 2016 Little League World
Series in August 2016, ABC migrated to a 16:9 presentation for
ABC broadcasts, similar to the
ESPN cable networks, as ABC's
entertainment programming also switched to a 16:9 presentation in
Until 2001, ABC
Sports programs ended with the line "This has been a
presentation of ABC Sports. Recognized around the world as the leader
in sports television." Beginning in 2001, ABC changed the tagline to
"ABC Sports: Championship Television," in regards to ABC's sports
lineup (which included the BCS Championship Game, the Stanley Cup
Finals, rights to
Super Bowl coverage, and would later include the NBA
Finals). Ever since the
ESPN on ABC integration, the
ESPN tagline –
"This has been a presentation of ESPN, The Worldwide Leader in Sports"
– has been used at the end of each broadcast on ABC.
PROGRAMS THROUGHOUT THE YEARS
NBA on ABC _ (1964 –1973 , 2002 –present)
* _NBA Christmas
NBA Saturday Primetime _
NBA Sunday Showcase _
* _WNBA on
ESPN _ (2003 –present)
College Football on ABC _ (1950 , 1966 –present)
* First selection of ACC , Big Ten , Big 12 , and Pac-12 matchups
Saturday Night Football _ (2006 –present)
Citrus Bowl (1987 –2010 , 2013 –present)
Las Vegas Bowl (2001 , 2013 –present)
Celebration Bowl (2015 –present)
Outback Bowl (2017 –present)
IndyCar Series on ABC _ (1996 –present)
Indianapolis 500 (1965 –present)
Grand Prix of St. Petersburg , IndyCar Grand Prix , and
Chevrolet Detroit Grand Prix Presented by Lear Corporation
Little League World Series (1963 –present)
X Games (1997 –present)
* _World of X Games_ (2014–present)
CME Group Tour Championship (2015 –present)
* _NFL Wild Card Saturday _ (2015 –present): simulcast of ESPN's
NFL Wild Card playoff coverage
* Wimbledon (2012 –present): condensed re-broadcasts of ESPN's
coverage of Gentlemen's and Ladies' Singles finals, as well as a
highlight show on the Championships' rest day
New York City Marathon (2013 –present): condensed rebroadcast of
ESPN2's coverage; coverage simulcast live on
WABC-TV in New York
* Tournament of Roses Parade (1989–present): produced by ABC
Sports from 1989–2006 and by
ESPN since 2007
* _ESPY Awards _ (2015–present)
NFL Pro Bowl _ (2018 -present): simulcast of ESPN's Pro Bowl
Monday Night Football _ (1970 –2005 )
Super Bowl : XIX , XXII , XXV , XXIX , XXXIV , XXXVII , and XL
* Saturday NFL Wild Card playoff games (1990 –2005 )
* Thursday Night NFL Kickoff game (2003 –2005 )
Pro Bowl (1975 –1987 , 1995 –2003 )
Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball on ABC _
Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball Game of the Week _ (1953 –1954 , 1960
Monday Night Baseball _ (1976 –1988 , telecasts moved to
Thursday for 1989 )
* _Baseball Night in America _ (1994 –1995 )
World Series : 1948 –1950 , 1977 , 1979 , 1981 , 1983 , 1985 ,
1987 , 1989 , and 1995 (Games 1, 4, ">
* ^ Deitsch, Richard (August 10, 2006). "Worldwide leader expands".
Sports Illustrated _. Archived from the original on August 23, 2006.
Retrieved January 18, 2016.
* ^ "\'
ESPN on ABC\' to debut during college football season".
Associated Press . August 10, 2006.
* ^ Ford 2004 , p. 468.
* ^ Goldenson, Wolf & 1991–1993 , p. 182.
* ^ Mike Meserole (December 6, 2002). "Arledge Created Monday Night
ESPN Classic _.
ESPN Inc. Retrieved May 30, 2011.
* ^ Ford 2004 , p. 466.
* ^ "
Roone Arledge at the Encyclopedia of Television". _Museum of
Broadcast Communications _. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
* ^ "Roone Arledge". _Columbia College _. June 18, 2008. Retrieved
July 7, 2013.
* ^ Goldenson, Wolf & 1991–1993 , p. 210.
* ^ Goldenson, Wolf & 1991–1993 , p. 211.
Richard Sandomir (June 10, 2015). "Without Showing Games, ESPN
Leaves a Mark on the N.B.A. Finals". _
The New York Times _. The New
York Times Company . Retrieved June 12, 2015.
* ^ Robin Miller (July 12, 2012). "Miller’s Mailbag, 7.12".
_Speed _. Fox
Sports Media Group .
* ^ Michael Cieply;
Brian Stelter (November 22, 2011). "Disney
Promotes a New Leader at ESPN". _The New York Times_. The New York
Times Company. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
* ^ Archived March 15, 2012, at the
Wayback Machine .
* ^ "WGN-TV To Carry Monday Night\'s Bears/Cowboys Game, Plus Local
Pre-Game Show". _Chicagoland Radio and Media_. October 7, 2012.
* ^ Jon Consoli (February 9, 2010). "ABC affiliates upset about
losing sports to ESPN".
Reuters . Retrieved September 17, 2011.
* ^ "ABC adds 14 new shows for next season". _
WJLA-TV _. Allbritton
Communications Company .
Associated Press . May 14, 2013.
* ^ "
NBA on ABC Broadcast Schedule". _National Basketball
Association_. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
* ^ "NFL Wild Card Playoff Game Will Return to
ESPN – and Be
Simulcast for the First Time on ABC". ESPN. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
* ^ "Picture perfect: ABC now full 16:9; TVs might need to be
updated". _WBRZ.com_. Louisiana Television Broadcasting, LLC.
Retrieved 22 September 2016.
* ^ "
Allen Bestwick to move to IndyCar Series
Charlotte Observer _.
The McClatchy Company . January 2,
2014. Archived from the original on 2014-10-15.
* ^ "
Marty Reid Fired:
ESPN Replaces NASCAR, IndyCar Announcer
After Nationwide Gaffe (VIDEO)". _
The Huffington Post _. September 29,
2013. Retrieved September 29, 2013.
* ^ "Dennis Swanson Retires as ABC
Sports President". _Philadelphia
Inquirer _. April 11, 1996. access-date= requires url= (help )
* ^ "Bornstein to lead ABC". _
The Telegraph-Herald _. April 12,
2001. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
* ^ "Howard Katz resigns as ABC
Sports President". _ABC Sports_.
ESPN.com. April 18, 2003. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
Leonard H. Goldenson ; Marvin J. Wolf (1991). _Beating the Odds:
The Untold Story Behind the Rise of ABC_. New York City: Charles
Scribner\'s Sons . ISBN 0684190559 .
* Luke Ford (2004). _The Producers: Profiles in Frustration_.
iUniverse. ISBN 0595320163 .
ESPN on ABC website
* Saunders: ABC\'s demise signals end of an era
* What to Watch: Rest in peace,