Durham County, North Carolina
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Durham County is a
county A county is a geographical region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics (physical geography), human impact characteristics (human geography), and the interaction of humanity and the environment ...
located in the
U.S. state In the United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state ...
of
North Carolina North Carolina () is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily news ...

North Carolina
. As of the
2010 census2010 census may refer to: * 2010 Chinese Census * 2010 Dominican Republic Census * 2010 Indonesian census * 2010 Malaysian Census * 2010 Russian Census * 2010 Turkish census * 2010 United States Census * 2010 Zambian census {{Disambiguation ...
, the population was 267,587, making it the sixth-most populous county in North Carolina. Its
county seat A county seat is an administrative centerAn administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government, or a county town, or the place where the central administration of a Township, commune is located. In countries with Fre ...
is Durham. Durham County is the core of the Durham- Chapel Hill, NC
Metropolitan Statistical Area #REDIRECT Metropolitan statistical area #REDIRECT Metropolitan statistical area#REDIRECT Metropolitan statistical area In the United States, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) is a geographical region with a relatively high population density a ...
, which is also included in the
Raleigh Raleigh (; ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lo ...
-Durham- Cary, NC
Combined Statistical Area Combined statistical area (CSA) is a United States Office of Management and Budget The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is the largest office within the Executive Office of the President of the United States (EOP). OMB's most prominent ...
, which had a population of 1,749,525 in 2010.


History

The county was formed on April 17, 1881, from parts of Orange County and
Wake County Wake County is located in the U.S. state of North Carolina North Carolina () is a U.S. state, state in the Southeastern United States, Southeastern region of the United States. North Carolina is the List of U.S. states and territories by a ...
, taking the name of its own county seat. In 1911 parts of Cedar Fork Township of
Wake County Wake County is located in the U.S. state of North Carolina North Carolina () is a U.S. state, state in the Southeastern United States, Southeastern region of the United States. North Carolina is the List of U.S. states and territories by a ...
were transferred to Durham County and became Carr Township.


Geography

According to the
U.S. Census Bureau The United States Census Bureau (USCB), officially the Bureau of the Census, is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, ...
, the county has a total area of , of which is land and (4.0%) is water.


Adjacent counties

* Person County - north * Granville County - northeast *
Wake County Wake County is located in the U.S. state of North Carolina North Carolina () is a U.S. state, state in the Southeastern United States, Southeastern region of the United States. North Carolina is the List of U.S. states and territories by a ...
- east and southeast * Chatham County - south * Orange County - west


Major highways

* * * * * * * * * * * *


Demographics


2020 census

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 324,833 people, 131,140 households, and 75,291 families residing in the county.


2000 census

As of the
census A census is the procedure of systematically calculating, acquiring and recording information Information is processed, organised and structured data Data (; ) are individual facts, statistics, or items of information, often numeric. In ...

census
of 2000, there were 223,314 people, 89,015 households, and 54,032 families residing in the county. The
population density Population density (in agriculture Agriculture is the science, art and practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary Image:Family watching television 1958.jpg, Exercise tr ...

population density
was 769 people per square mile (297/km2). There were 95,452 housing units at an average density of 329 per square mile (127/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 50.91%
White White is the lightest color Color (American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the Unite ...
, 39.46%
Black Black is a color which results from the absence or complete absorption Absorption may refer to: Chemistry and biology *Absorption (chemistry), diffusion of particles of gas or liquid into liquid or solid materials *Absorption (skin), a rout ...
or
African American African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people A people is any plurality of person A person (plural people or persons) is a being t ...
, 0.30%
Native American Native Americans may refer to: Ethnic groups * Indigenous peoples of the Americas, the pre-Columbian peoples of North and South America and their descendants * Native Americans in the United States * Indigenous peoples in Canada, the indigenous p ...
, 3.29%
Asian Asian may refer to: * Items from or related to the continent of Asia: ** Asian people, people in or descending from Asia ** Asian culture, the culture of the people from Asia ** Asian cuisine, food based on the style of food of the people from Asi ...
, 0.04%
Pacific Islander Pacific Islanders, Pacificer, Pasifika, or Pasefika, are the peoples of the Pacific Islands This is a list of islands in the Pacific Ocean, collectively called the Pacific Islands. Three major groups of island An island (or isle) ...
, 4.21% from
other races Other most often refers to: * Other (philosophy), a concept in psychology and philosophy Other or The Other may also refer to: Books * The Other (Tryon novel), ''The Other'' (Tryon novel), a 1971 horror novel by Tom Tryon * The Other (short story ...
, and 1.80% from two or more races. 7.63% of the population were
Hispanic The term ''Hispanic'' ( es, hispano) refers to people, cultures Culture () is an umbrella term which encompasses the social behavior Social behavior is behavior Behavior (American English) or behaviour (British English; American and ...
or
Latino Latino or Latinos most often refers to: * Latino (demonym), a term used in the United States for people with cultural ties to Latin America * Hispanic and Latino Americans in the United States * The people or cultures of Latin America; ** Latin A ...
of any race. There were 89,015 households, out of which 29.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.00% were
married couples Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock is a culturally and often legally recognized union between people called spouse A spouse is a significant other in a marriage (in certain contexts, it can also apply to a civil union or comm ...

married couples
living together, 14.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.30% were non-families. 30.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.99. In the county, the age distribution was as follows: 22.90% under the age of 18, 12.80% from 18 to 24, 34.80% from 25 to 44, 19.80% from 45 to 64, and 9.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 93.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $43,337, and the median income for a family was $53,223. Males had a median income of $35,939 versus $30,683 for females. The
per capita income Per capita income (PCI) or total income measures the average income earned per person in a given area (city, region, country, etc.) in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population. Per capita i ...
for the county was $23,156. About 9.80% of families and 13.40% of the population were below the
poverty line The poverty threshold, poverty limit, poverty line or breadline is the minimum level of income In microeconomics, income is the Consumption (economics), consumption and saving opportunity gained by an entity within a specified timeframe, w ...
, including 17.20% of those under age 18 and 12.30% of those age 65 or over.


Law and government

Durham County is a member of the regional Triangle J Council of Governments. Durham County is governed by a five-member board of county commissioners, currently consisting of Chair Brenda A. Howerton, Vice Chair Wendy Jacobs, Nimasheena Burns, Heidi Carter, and
Nida Allam Nida Allam (December 15, 1993) is an American politician, political activist, and data analyst. She currently serves on the Durham County Board of Commissioners, to which she was elected in 2020, making her the first Muslim woman to serve in pub ...
.
/ref> All are elected concurrently, and each elected member serves a four-year term. It is consistently one of the most Democratic counties in North Carolina having only voted for the Republican candidate twice since 1884, the Republican landslides of 1928 and 1972.
George H. W. Bush George Herbert Walker BushSince around 2000 he was usually called George H. W. Bush, Bush Senior, Bush 41 or Bush the Elder to distinguish him from his eldest son, George W. Bush George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American p ...

George H. W. Bush
is the last Republican to manage even 40 percent of the county's vote. Since the 1990s, Durham County has been one of the most Democratic urban counties in the South. Among counties in the I-85 Corridor, only Orange County is usually more Democratic.


Communities

The city of Durham is the only incorporated municipality to predominantly exist within Durham County, and the only one whose urban core lies within the county, though small portions of municipalities from neighboring counties extend into Durham County, and the city of Durham also itself extends slightly into neighboring counties. All other towns and places within Durham County are
unincorporated communities An unincorporated area is a region not governed by a local municipal corporation. Similarly, an unincorporated community is a Human settlement, settlement not governed by its own local municipal corporation, but is administered as part of larg ...

unincorporated communities
.


Cities

* Durham (county seat, small portions extend into Wake and Orange counties) *
Raleigh Raleigh (; ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lo ...
(small part, mostly in Wake County)Raleigh Durham Annexation Agreement Lines


Towns

* Chapel Hill (small part, mostly in Orange County) * Morrisville (small part, mostly in
Wake County Wake County is located in the U.S. state of North Carolina North Carolina () is a U.S. state, state in the Southeastern United States, Southeastern region of the United States. North Carolina is the List of U.S. states and territories by a ...
)


Townships

*
Carr Carr may refer to: Geography * Carr (landform), north European wetland, a fen overgrown with trees * Carr, Colorado, unincorporated town in Weld County * Carr, North Carolina, United States, in Orange County * Carr, South Yorkshire, England * Ca ...
* Durham *
Lebanon Lebanon ( , ar, لُبْنَان, translit=lubnān, ), officially the Republic of Lebanon or the Lebanese Republic, is a country in Western Asia Western Asia, West Asia, or Southwest Asia, is the westernmost subregion A subregion is a part ...
* Mangum * Oak Grove *
Triangle A triangle is a polygon In geometry, a polygon () is a plane (mathematics), plane Shape, figure that is described by a finite number of straight line segments connected to form a closed ''polygonal chain'' (or ''polygonal circuit''). The ...


Census-designated places

* Gorman * Rougemont, North Carolina, Rougemont (small portions extend into neighboring Person County)


Unincorporated communities

* Bahama, North Carolina, Bahama * Bethesda, Durham County, North Carolina, Bethesda * Genlee, North Carolina, Genlee * Lowe's Grove, North Carolina, Lowe's Grove * Nelson, North Carolina, Nelson * Oak Grove, Durham County, North Carolina, Oak Grove * Braggtown, North Carolina, Braggtown


See also

* National Register of Historic Places listings in Durham County, North Carolina


References


External links


Durham County Government official website

Durham Convention and Visitors Bureau

Durham County Library website

Greater Durham Chamber of Commerce

North Carolina Room of the Durham County Library
Website for an archive which collects materials concerning the city and county of Durham {{authority control Durham County, North Carolina, 1881 establishments in North Carolina Populated places established in 1881