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HRH THE DUKE OF PARMA HRH The Duchess of Parma
Parma

* HRH The Hereditary Prince of Parma * HRH Princess Luisa * HRH Princess Cecilia

-------------------------

HRH The Countess of Colorno HRH The Count of Bardi HRH The Countess of Bardi

* HRH Princess Zita * HRH Princess Gloria

HRH The Marchioness of Sala Extended ducal family -------------------------

Descendants of Xavier, Duke of Parma : -------------------------

HRH Princess Maria Francisca of Lobkowicz HRH Princess Maria Teresa HRH Princess Cecilia HRH Princess Maria de las Nieves HRH Prince Sixte Henri

-------------------------

Descendants of Felix, Prince Consort of Luxembourg : -------------------------

HRH Grand Duke Jean of Luxembourg

* HIRH Archduchess Marie Astrid of Austria * HRH The Grand Duke of Luxembourg * HRH Prince Jean of Luxembourg
Prince Jean of Luxembourg
* HRH Princess Margaretha of Liechtenstein * HRH Prince Guillaume of Luxembourg * HRH Princess Charlotte, Mrs Cunningham

* HRH Prince Robert of Luxembourg HRH Princess Julie of Luxembourg

HRH Princess Marie Gabriele, Countess of Holstein-Ledreborg HRH the Dowager Princess de Ligne -------------------------

Descendants of Prince René : -------------------------

* HRH Prince Philippe Annette de Bourbon de Parme

* Jacques * Joseph

* HRH Princess Lorena

* HRH Prince Alain Inge-Birgitte de Bourbon de Parme

HRH Prince Michel HRH Princess Maria Pia

* HRH Prince Erik HRH Princess Lydia

* HRH Princess Antonieta * HRH Princess Marie-Gabriella * HRH Princess Alexia * HRH Prince Miguel * HRH Prince Henri

* HRH Princess Sibilla

* HRH Prince Charles Emmanuel HRH Princess Constance

* HRH Prince Amaury * HRH Princess Charlotte * HRH Princess Elisabeth * HRH Princess Zita

* Amélie Osten Sacken Bogdanoff

Marina de Bourbon de Parme

* Tania * Astrid

* Axel Raphaële

* Côme * Alix

* Aure

-------------------------

Descendants of Prince Luigi: -------------------------

Brigitte de Bourbon de Parme

* Louis de Bourbon de Parme Ariane

* Delphine * Guy

Rémy de Bourbon de Parme Laurence

* Tristan Shira

* Talma

* Aude

HRH Princess Chantal, Mme des Georges HRH Prince Jean Virginia de Bourbon de Parme

* Arnaud * Christophe

-------------------------

Descendants of Prince Gaetano: ------------------------- HRH Princess Diana

* v * t * e

The DUKE OF PARMA (Italian : duca di Parma) was a small historical title which existed between 1545 and 1802, and again from 1814 to 1859.

The Duke of Parma
Parma
was also Duke of Piacenza
Piacenza
, except for the first years of the rule of Ottavio Farnese (1549–1556), and the time of the Napoleonic wars
Napoleonic wars
, when the two were established as separate positions held by two individuals. The Duke of Parma
Parma
also usually held the title of Duke of Guastalla from 1746 (when Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor occupied the duchy after the last duke died childless) to 1847 (when the territory was ceded to Modena
Modena
), again, except for the Napoleonic dukes, when Napoleon
Napoleon
's sister Pauline was Duchess of Guastalla and of Varella.

The position is currently claimed by a member of the Bourbon family, which also holds the Spanish throne . Therefore, the current claimant to the Duchy of Parma
Parma
is a legitimate (though not prime) claimant to the Kingdom of Spain
Spain
; indeed, the recent pretender to the Parmese throne, the late Carlos-Hugo , was also a pretender to the Spanish throne in the 1970s (see Carlism
Carlism
).

CONTENTS

* 1 Reigning Dukes of Parma
Parma
(1545–1802)

* 1.1 House of Farnese 1545–1731 * 1.2 House of Bourbon
House of Bourbon
1731–1735 * 1.3 House of Habsburg 1735–1748 * 1.4 House of Bourbon-Parma
House of Bourbon-Parma
1748–1802

* 2 Honorary Dukes of Parma
Parma
(1808–1814)

* 3 Reigning Dukes of Parma
Parma
(1814–1859)

* 3.1 House of Habsburg-Lorraine, 1814–1847 * 3.2 House of Bourbon-Parma, 1847–1859

* 4 See also * 5 References

REIGNING DUKES OF PARMA (1545–1802)

HOUSE OF FARNESE 1545–1731

DUKE PORTRAIT BIRTH MARRIAGES DEATH

PIER LUIGI 16 September 1545 – 10 September 1547 19 November 1503 Rome
Rome
son of Cardinal Alexander Farnese (future Pope Paul III
Pope Paul III
) and probably Silvia Ruffini Girolama Orsini 1519 Rome
Rome
4 children 10 September 1547 Piacenza
Piacenza
aged 43

OTTAVIO 9 November 1549 – 18 September 1586 9 October 1524 Valentano
Valentano
son of Pier Luigi Farnese, Duke of Parma and Girolama Orsini Margaret of Parma
Parma
4 November 1538 Rome
Rome
2 children 18 September 1586 Parma
Parma
aged 61

ALESSANDRO 18 September 1586 – 3 December 1592 27 August 1545 Rome
Rome
son of Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma
Parma
and Margaret of Parma
Parma
Maria of Portugal 11 November 1565 Bruxelles
Bruxelles
3 children 3 December 1592 Saint Waast, Netherlands
Netherlands
aged 47

RANUCCIO I 3 December 1592 – 5 March 1622 28 March 1569 Parma
Parma
son of Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma
Parma
and Maria of Portugal Margherita Aldobrandini 7 May 1600 Rome
Rome
9 children 5 March 1622 Parma
Parma
aged 52

ODOARDO 5 March 1622 – 11 September 1646 28 April 1612 Parma
Parma
son of Ranuccio I Farnese, Duke of Parma
Parma
and Margherita Aldobrandini Margherita de Medici 11 October 1628 Florence
Florence
4 children 11 September 1646 Piacenza
Piacenza
aged 34

RANUCCIO II 11 September 1646 – 11 December 1694 17 September 1630 Casalmaggiore son of Odoardo Farnese, Duke of Parma
Parma
and Margherita de Medici (1) Marguerite of Savoy 29 April 1660 Turin
Turin
2 children (2) Isabella of Modena 18 February 1664 Modena
Modena
3 children (3) Maria of Modena 1 October 1668 Modena
Modena
9 children 11 December 1694 Parma
Parma
aged 64

FRANCESCO 11 December 1694 – 26 February 1727 19 May 1678 Parma
Parma
son of Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma
Parma
and Maria of Modena Dorothea Sophie of Neuburg 7 December 1696 Parma
Parma
no issue 26 February 1727 Piacenza
Piacenza
aged 48

ANTONIO 26 February 1727 – 20 January 1731 29 November 1679 Parma
Parma
son of Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma
Parma
and Maria of Modena Enrichetta d\'Este 5 February 1728 Parma
Parma
no issue 20 January 1731 Parma
Parma
aged 51

HOUSE OF BOURBON 1731–1735

See also: Bourbon family tree

DUKE PORTRAIT BIRTH MARRIAGES DEATH

CHARLES I 29 December 1731 – 3 October 1735 20 January 1716 Madrid
Madrid
son of Philip V of Spain
Spain
and Elizabeth of Parma
Parma
Maria Amalia of Saxony 19 June 1738 13 children 14 December 1788 Madrid
Madrid
aged 72

HOUSE OF HABSBURG 1735–1748

DUKE PORTRAIT BIRTH MARRIAGES DEATH

EMPEROR CHARLES VI 3 October 1735 – 20 October 1740 1 October 1685 Vienna
Vienna
son of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
and Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
1 August 1708 Barcelona
Barcelona
4 children 20 October 1740 Vienna
Vienna
aged 55

MARIA THERESA 20 October 1740 – 18 October 1748 13 May 1717 Vienna
Vienna
daughter of Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
and Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
12 February 1736 16 children 29 November 1780 Vienna
Vienna
aged 63

HOUSE OF BOURBON-PARMA 1748–1802

DUKE PORTRAIT BIRTH MARRIAGES DEATH

PHILIP 18 October 1748 – 18 July 1765 15 March 1720 Madrid
Madrid
son of Philip V of Spain
Spain
and Elisabeth Farnese
Elisabeth Farnese
Princess Louise Élisabeth of France 25 October 1739 3 children 18 July 1765 Alessandria
Alessandria
aged 45

FERDINAND 18 July 1765 – 9 October 1802 20 January 1751 Parma
Parma
son of Philip, Duke of Parma
Parma
and Princess Louise Élisabeth of France Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria
Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria
19 July 1769 7 children 9 October 1802 Fontevivo
Fontevivo
aged 51

HONORARY DUKES OF PARMA (1808–1814)

These did not actually rule over any territory of Parma
Parma
and Piacenza , but were of the honorary, hereditary type duché grand-fief , granted by Napoleon
Napoleon
in 1808.

DUKE PORTRAIT BIRTH MARRIAGES DEATH

JEAN JACQUES RéGIS DE CAMBACéRèS, DUC DE PARME 1808–1814 18 October 1753 Montpellier
Montpellier
son of Jean-Antoine de Cambaceres and Marie-Rose Vassal never married 8 March 1824 Paris
Paris
aged 70

REIGNING DUKES OF PARMA (1814–1859)

HOUSE OF HABSBURG-LORRAINE, 1814–1847

DUKE PORTRAIT BIRTH MARRIAGES DEATH

MARIE LOUISE 11 April 1814 – 17 December 1847 12 December 1791 Vienna
Vienna
daughter of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor
Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor
and Maria Theresa
Maria Theresa
of Naples and Sicily (1) Napoleon
Napoleon
I of France 1 April 1810 Louvre
Louvre
1 son (2) Adam Albert, Count von Neipperg 7 September 1821 Parma
Parma
three children (3) Charles René, Count of Bombelles Parma
Parma
17 February 1834 no issue 17 December 1847 Parma
Parma
aged 56

* Napoléon François Joseph Charles Bonaparte , the son of Marie Louise and Napoleon
Napoleon
I of France was at one time in the line of succession, but was never Duke of Parma.

HOUSE OF BOURBON-PARMA, 1847–1859

DUKE PORTRAIT BIRTH MARRIAGES DEATH

CHARLES II 17 December 1847 – 17 May 1849 22 December 1799 Madrid
Madrid
son of Louis of Etruria and Maria Louisa, Duchess of Lucca
Maria Louisa, Duchess of Lucca
Maria Teresa of Savoy 5 September 1820 2 children 16 April 1883 Nice
Nice
aged 84

CHARLES III 17 May 1849 – 27 March 1854 14 January 1823 Pianore son of Charles II, Duke of Parma
Parma
and Maria Teresa of Savoy Louise Marie Thérèse of France 10 November 1845 4 children 27 March 1854 Parma
Parma
aged 31

ROBERT I 27 March 1854 – 9 June 1859 9 July 1848 Florence
Florence
son of Charles III, Duke of Parma
Parma
and Louise Marie Thérèse of France (1) Maria Pia of the Two Sicilies 5 April 1869 12 children

(2) Maria Antonia of Portugal 15 October 1884 12 children 16 November 1907 Viareggio
Viareggio
aged 63

SEE ALSO

* Pretenders to the throne of Parma
Parma
* Timeline of Parma
Parma

* v * t * e

Dukes of Parma
Parma

* Pier Luigi (1545–47) * Ottavio (1556–86) * Alexander (1586–92) * Ranuccio I (1592–1622) * Odoardo (1622–46) * Ranuccio II (1646–94) * Francesco (1694–1727) * Antonio (1727–31) * Charles I (1731–35) * Charles II (1735–40) * Maria Theresa
Maria Theresa
(1740–48) * Philip (1748–65) * Ferdinand (1765–1802) * Cambacérès (Parma) (1808-1814) * Lebrun (Piacenza) (1808-1814) * Marie Louise (1814–47) * Charles Louis (1847–49) * Charles III (1849–54) * Robert I * (1854–1907)

Held in pretence, no implied sovereignty:

* Henry * (1907–39) * Joseph * (1939–50) * Elias * (1950–59) * Robert II * (1959–74) * Xavier * (1974–77) * Carlos Hugo * (1977–2010) * Carlos * (2010–)

* denotes titular Duke

REFERENCES

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Parma
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