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HRH The Duke of Parma HRH The Duchess of Parma

HRH The Prince of Piacenza HRH The Marchioness of Castell'Arquato HRH The Countess of Barceto

HRH The Countess of Colorno HRH The Count of Bardi HRH The Countess of Bardi

HRH Princess Zita HRH Princess Gloria

HRH The Marchioness of Sala

Extended ducal family

Descendants of Xavier, Duke of Parma:

HRH Princess Maria Francisca HRH Princess Maria Teresa HRH Princess Cecilia HRH Princess Maria de las Nieves HRH Prince Sixte Henri

Descendants of Felix, Prince Consort of Luxembourg:

HRH Grand Duke Jean of Luxembourg

HIRH Archduchess Marie Astrid of Austria HRH The Grand Duke of Luxembourg HRH Prince Jean of Luxembourg HRH Princess Margaretha of Liechtenstein HRH Prince Guillaume of Luxembourg HRH Princess Charlotte, Mrs Cunningham HRH Prince Robert of Luxembourg HRH Princess Julie of Luxembourg

HRH The Dowager Countess of Holstein-Ledreborg HRH The Dowager Princess of Ligne

Descendants of Prince René:

HRH Prince Philippe Annette de Bourbon de Parme

Jacques Joseph

HRH Princess Lorena HRH Prince Alain Inge-Birgitte de Bourbon de Parme

HRH Prince Michel HRH Princess Maria Pia

HRH Prince Erik HRH Princess Lydia

HRH Princess Antonieta HRH Princess Marie-Gabriella HRH Princess Alexia HRH Prince Miguel HRH Prince Henri

HRH Princess Sibilla HRH Prince Charles Emmanuel HRH Princess Constance

HRH Prince Amaury HRH Princess Charlotte HRH Princess Elisabeth HRH Princess Zita

Amélie Osten Sacken Bogdanoff

Marina de Bourbon de Parme

Tania Astrid Axel Raphaële

Côme Alix Aure

Descendants of Prince Luigi:

Brigitte de Bourbon de Parme

Louis de Bourbon de Parme Ariane

Delphine Guy

Rémy de Bourbon de Parme Laurence

Tristan Shira

Talma

Aude

HRH Princess Chantal, Mme des Georges HRH Prince Jean Virginia de Bourbon de Parme

Arnaud Christophe

Descendants of Prince Gaetano:

HRH Princess Diana

v t e

The Duke of Parma
Parma
(Italian: duca di Parma) was the ruler of the Duchy of Parma, a small historical state which existed between 1545 and 1802, and again from 1814 to 1859. The Duke of Parma
Parma
was also Duke of Piacenza, except for the first years of the rule of Ottavio Farnese
Ottavio Farnese
(1549–1556), and the time of the Napoleonic wars, when the two were established as separate positions held by two different individuals. The Duke of Parma
Parma
also usually held the title of Duke of Guastalla from 1746 (when Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor occupied the Duchy of Guastalla after the last Gonzaga duke died childless) until 1847 (when the territory was ceded to Modena), except for the Napoleonic era, when Napoleon's sister Pauline was briefly Duchess of Guastalla and of Varella. The position is currently claimed by a member of the Bourbon family, which also holds the Spanish throne. Therefore, the current claimant to the Duchy of Parma
Duchy of Parma
is a legitimate (though not prime) claimant to the Kingdom of Spain. The recent pretender to the Parmese throne, the late Carlos-Hugo, was also a pretender to the Spanish throne in the 1970s (see Carlism).

Contents

1 Reigning Dukes of Parma
Parma
(1545–1802)

1.1 House of Farnese 1545–1731 1.2 House of Bourbon-Parma
House of Bourbon-Parma
1731–1735 1.3 House of Habsburg 1735–1748 1.4 House of Bourbon-Parma
House of Bourbon-Parma
1748–1802

2 Honorary Dukes of Parma
Parma
(1808–1814) 3 Reigning Dukes of Parma
Parma
(1814–1859)

3.1 House of Habsburg-Lorraine, 1814–1847 3.2 House of Bourbon-Parma, 1847–1859

4 See also 5 References

Reigning Dukes of Parma
Parma
(1545–1802)[edit] House of Farnese 1545–1731[edit]

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death

Pier Luigi 16 September 1545 – 10 September 1547

19 November 1503 Rome son of Cardinal Alexander Farnese (future Pope Paul III) and probably Silvia Ruffini Girolama Orsini 1519 Rome 4 children 10 September 1547 Piacenza aged 43

Ottavio 9 November 1549 – 18 September 1586

9 October 1524 Valentano son of Pier Luigi Farnese, Duke of Parma
Pier Luigi Farnese, Duke of Parma
and Girolama Orsini Margaret of Parma 4 November 1538 Rome 2 children 18 September 1586 Parma aged 61

Alessandro 18 September 1586 – 3 December 1592

27 August 1545 Rome son of Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma
Parma
and Margaret of Parma Maria of Portugal 11 November 1565 Bruxelles 3 children 3 December 1592 Saint Waast, Netherlands aged 47

Ranuccio I 3 December 1592 – 5 March 1622

28 March 1569 Parma son of Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma
Parma
and Maria of Portugal Margherita Aldobrandini 7 May 1600 Rome 9 children 5 March 1622 Parma aged 52

Odoardo 5 March 1622 – 11 September 1646

28 April 1612 Parma son of Ranuccio I Farnese, Duke of Parma
Parma
and Margherita Aldobrandini Margherita de Medici 11 October 1628 Florence 4 children 11 September 1646 Piacenza aged 34

Ranuccio II 11 September 1646 – 11 December 1694

17 September 1630 Casalmaggiore son of Odoardo Farnese, Duke of Parma
Parma
and Margherita de Medici (1) Marguerite of Savoy 29 April 1660 Turin 2 children (2) Isabella of Modena 18 February 1664 Modena 3 children (3) Maria of Modena 1 October 1668 Modena 9 children 11 December 1694 Parma aged 64

Francesco 11 December 1694 – 26 February 1727

19 May 1678 Parma son of Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma
Parma
and Maria of Modena Dorothea Sophie of Neuburg 7 December 1696 Parma no issue 26 February 1727 Piacenza aged 48

Antonio 26 February 1727 – 20 January 1731

29 November 1679 Parma son of Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma
Parma
and Maria of Modena Enrichetta d'Este 5 February 1728 Parma no issue 20 January 1731 Parma aged 51

House of Bourbon-Parma
House of Bourbon-Parma
1731–1735[edit] See also: Bourbon family tree

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death

Charles I 29 December 1731 – 3 October 1735

20 January 1716 Madrid son of Philip V of Spain
Spain
and Elizabeth of Parma Maria Amalia of Saxony 19 June 1738 13 children 14 December 1788 Madrid aged 72

House of Habsburg 1735–1748[edit]

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death

Emperor Charles VI 3 October 1735 – 20 October 1740

1 October 1685 Vienna son of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
and Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 1 August 1708 Barcelona 4 children 20 October 1740 Vienna aged 55

Maria Theresa 20 October 1740 – 18 October 1748

13 May 1717 Vienna daughter of Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
and Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor 12 February 1736 16 children 29 November 1780 Vienna aged 63

House of Bourbon-Parma
House of Bourbon-Parma
1748–1802[edit]

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death

Philip 18 October 1748 – 18 July 1765

15 March 1720 Madrid son of Philip V of Spain
Spain
and Elisabeth Farnese Princess Louise Élisabeth of France 25 October 1739 3 children 18 July 1765 Alessandria aged 45

Ferdinand 18 July 1765 – 9 October 1802

20 January 1751 Parma son of Philip, Duke of Parma
Parma
and Princess Louise Élisabeth of France Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria 19 July 1769 7 children 9 October 1802 Fontevivo aged 51

Honorary Dukes of Parma
Parma
(1808–1814)[edit] These did not actually rule over any territory of Parma
Parma
and Piacenza, but were of the honorary, hereditary type duché grand-fief, granted by Napoleon
Napoleon
I in 1808.

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death

Jean-Jacques-Régis de Cambacérès 1808–1814

18 October 1753 Montpellier son of Jean-Antoine de Cambacérès and Marie-Rose Vassal never married 8 March 1824 Paris aged 70

Reigning Dukes of Parma
Parma
(1814–1859)[edit] House of Habsburg-Lorraine, 1814–1847[edit]

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death

Marie Louise 11 April 1814 – 17 December 1847

12 December 1791 Vienna daughter of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor
Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor
and Maria Theresa
Maria Theresa
of Naples and Sicily (1) Napoleon
Napoleon
I 1 April 1810 Louvre 1 son (2) Adam Albert, Count von Neipperg 7 September 1821 Parma 3 children (3) Charles René, Count of Bombelles Parma 17 February 1834 no issue 17 December 1847 Parma aged 56

Napoléon François Joseph Charles Bonaparte, the son of Marie Louise and Napoleon
Napoleon
I, was at one time in the line of succession, but he was never Duke of Parma.

House of Bourbon-Parma, 1847–1859[edit]

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death

Charles II 17 December 1847 – 17 May 1849

22 December 1799 Madrid son of Louis of Etruria
Louis of Etruria
and Maria Louisa, Duchess of Lucca Maria Teresa of Savoy 5 September 1820 2 children 16 April 1883 Nice aged 84

Charles III 17 May 1849 – 27 March 1854

14 January 1823 Pianore son of Charles II, Duke of Parma
Parma
and Maria Teresa of Savoy Louise Marie Thérèse of France 10 November 1845 4 children 27 March 1854 Parma aged 31

Robert I 27 March 1854 – 9 June 1859

9 July 1848 Florence son of Charles III, Duke of Parma
Parma
and Louise Marie Thérèse of France (1) Maria Pia of the Two Sicilies 5 April 1869 12 children

(2) Maria Antonia of Portugal 15 October 1884 12 children 16 November 1907 Viareggio aged 63

See also[edit]

Pretenders to the throne of Parma Timeline of Parma

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Dukes of Parma

Pier Luigi (1545–47) Ottavio (1556–86) Alexander (1586–92) Ranuccio I (1592–1622) Odoardo (1622–46) Ranuccio II (1646–94) Francesco (1694–1727) Antonio (1727–31) Charles I (1731–35) Charles II (1735–40) Maria Theresa (1740–48) Philip (1748–65) Ferdinand (1765–1802) Cambacérès (Parma) (1808-1814) Lebrun (Piacenza) (1808-1814) Marie Louise (1814–47) Charles Louis (1847–49) Charles III (1849–54) Robert I* (1854–1907)

Held in pretence, no implied sovereignty:

Henry* (1907–39) Joseph* (1939–50) Elias* (1950–59) Robert II* (1959–74) Xavier* (1974–77) Carlos Hugo* (1977–2010) Carlos* (2010–)

* denotes titular Duke

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