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The development regions of Romania (Romanian Regiunile de dezvoltare ale României) refer to the eight regional divisions created in Romania in 1998 in order to better co-ordinate regional development as Romania progressed towards accession to the European Union. The development regions correspond to NUTS II-level divisions in European Union member states. Despite becoming increasingly significant in regional development projects, Romania's development regions do not actually have an administrative status and do not have a legislative or executive council or government. Rather, they serve a function for allocating European Union PHARE funds for regional development, as well as for collection of regional statistics. They also co-ordinate a range of regional development projects and became members of the Committee of the Regions when Romania joined the EU on January 1, 2007.

List

There are 8 development regions in Romania, which (with the exception of București-Ilfov) are named by their geographical position in the country:

  • RO1 – Macroregiunea 1:
    • Nord-Vest – RO11; 6 counties; 2,600,132 inhabitants; 34,159 km2 (13,189 sq mi)
    • Centru – RO12; 6 counties; 2,360,805 inhabitants; 34,082 km2 (13,159 sq mi)
  • RO2 – Macroregiunea 2:
    • Nord-Est – RO21; 6 counties; 3,302,217 inhabitants; 36,850 km2 (14,230 sq mi)
    • Sud-Est – RO22; 6 counties; 2,545,923 inhabitants; 35,762 km2 (13,808 sq mi)
  • RO3 – Macroregiunea 3:
    • Sud - Muntenia – RO31; 7 counties; 3,136,446 inhabitants; 34,489 km2 (13,316 sq mi)
    • București - Ilfov – RO32; 1 county and Bucharest; 2,272,163 inhabitants; 1,811 km2 (699 sq mi)
  • RO4 – Macroregiunea 4:
    • Sud-Vest Oltenia – RO41; 5 counties; 2,075,642 inhabitants; 29,212 km2 (11,279 sq mi)
    • Vest – RO42; 4 counties; 1,828,313 inhabitants; 32,028 km2 (12,366 sq mi)

Economy

Gross domestic product (GDP) as reported by Eurostat
2006 2014[1]
Region
(NUTS)
Total
(million )
[2]
€ per
capita
[3]
PPP
(million €)
[4]
PPP
€ per capita
[5]
% of
EU average
GDP (PPP)
[6]
Total
(million )
€ per
capita
PPP
(million €)
PPP
€ per capita
% of
EU average
GDP (PPP)
Romania 98,419 4,500 196,999 9,200 38 150,230 7,500 301,801 15,200 55
Nord-Vest 11,675 4,200 23,370 8,700 36 16,925 6,500 34,001 13,100 48
Centru 11,335 4,500 22,689 9,100 37 16,600 7,100 33,349 14,200 52
Nord-Est 10,787 2,900 21,591 5,900 24 15,387 4,700 30,912 9,500 34
Sud-Est 11,051 3,800 22,119 7,900 32 16,935 6,800 34,020 13,600 50
Sud - Muntenia 12,482 3,800 24,985 7,700 31 18,234 5,900 36,630 11,900 43
București - Ilfov 22,946 9,900 45,931 21,100 86 40,453 17,700 81,267 35,600 129
Sud-Vest Oltenia 8,138 3,600 16,290 7,200 29 11,288 5,600 22,677 11,200 41
Vest 9,940 5,300 19,897 10,500 43 14,285 7,900 28,698 15,800 58

See also

References

  1. ^ Eurostat (26 February 2016). "GDP per capita in the EU in 2014". Europa web portal. Retrieved 28 February 2016. 
  2. ^ "Site3-TGM table". Epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 2009-07-14. 
  3. ^ Eurostat (19 February 2009). "GDP per inhabitant in the EU in 2006" (PDF). Europa web portal. Retrieved 28 February 2016. 
  4. ^ "Site3-TGM table". Epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 2009-07-14. 
  5. ^ "Site3-TGM table". Epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 2009-07-14. 
  6. ^ "Site3-TGM table". Epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 2009-07-14.