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The provinces of Burkina Faso are divided into 351 departments (as of 2014 and since local elections of 2012), whose urbanized areas (cities, towns and villages) are grouped into the same commune (municipality) with the same name as the department (the department also covers rural areas, including national natural parks, that are not ruled locally at municipal level, but by the state at departmental level). The 351 communes created in those departments have three kinds of status :

  • 49 urban communes (including 2 urban communes with special status, the Ouagadougou and Bobo-Dioulasso departments that are further subdivided into "arrondissements"), are grouping their main city/town (subdivided into urban sectors) and all other administrative villages in their department ; in these 49 urban communes, the main city or town is subdivided into urban sectors (within the two communes with special status, each urban sector of the capital city belong to only one arrondissement, which may also include other surrounding villages outside the capital city) — these 49 urban communes include the capital town (or city) of each one of the 45 provinces, and the commune of 4 additional departments, whose capitals are now large towns covering their respective urban areas (subdivided into urban sectors rather than former separate villages) : Bittou, Garango, Niangoloko and Pouytenga.
  • 302 rural communes are grouping all administrative villages in their department.[1][2]

Departments (or communes) generally have the same name as their capital city or town, with a few exceptions (for historical reasons). For the local elections in 2012, communes were created in each department that still did not have one (village councils were kept but operate at advisory level under the supervision of their commune: each administrative village or urban sector elects at least 2 seats in the municipal council of their commune; for other elections at regional or national level, the smallest electoral circonscription is the whole department). The departments (or communes) are listed below, by province:

List of departments by region and by province

Boucle du Mouhoun Region

Balé

Departments of Balé

Banwa

Departments of Banwa

Kossi

Departments of Kossi

Mouhoun

Departments of Mouhoun

Nayala

Departments of Nayala

Sourou

Departments of Sourou

Cascades Region

Comoé

Departments of Comoé

Léraba

Departments of Léraba

Centre Region

Kadiogo

Departments of Kadiogo

Centre-Est Region

Boulgou

Departments of Boulgou

Departments of Koulpélogo

Kouritenga

Departments of Kouritenga

Centre-Nord Region

Bam

Departments of Bam

Namentenga

Departments of Namentenga

Sanmatenga

Departments of Sanmatenga

Centre-Ouest Region

Boulkiemdé

Departments of Boulkiemdé

Sanguié

Departments of Sanguié

Sissili

Departments of Sissili

Ziro

Departments of Ziro

Centre-Sud Region

Bazèga

Departments of Bazèga

Nahouri

Departments of Nahouri

Zoundwéogo

Departments of Zoundwéogo

Est Region

Gnagna

Departments of Gnagna

Gourma

Departments of Gourma

Komondjari

Departments of Komondjari

Kompienga

Departments of Kompienga

Tapoa

Departments of Tapoa

Hauts-Bassins Region

Houet

Departments of Houet

Kénédougou

Departments of Kénédougou

Tuy

Departments of Tuy

Nord Region

Loroum

Departments of Loroum

Passoré

Departments of Passoré

Yatenga

Departments of Yatenga

Zondoma

Departments of Zondoma

Plateau-Central Region

Ganzourgou

Departments of Ganzourgou

Kourwéogo

Departments of Kourwéogo

Oubritenga

Departments of Oubritenga

Sahel Region

Oudalan

Departments of Oudalan

Séno

Departments of Séno

Soum

Departments of Soum

Yagha

Departments of Yagha

Sud-Ouest Region

Bougouriba

Departments of Bougouriba

Ioba

Departments of Ioba

Noumbiel

Departments of Noumbiel

Poni

Departments of Poni

References

  1. ^ (in French) Résultats préliminaires du RGPH 2006, INSD.BF (non-consolidated figures of legal population by village or urban sector)
  2. ^ (in French) Mémorandum sur la détermination du nombre de sièges des conseillers municipaux par village et par secteur dans le cadre des élections locales du 2 décembre 2012, CENI.BF (consolidated figures of legal population by village or urban sector, based on RGPH 2006, modified in 2012 including for newly created administrative villages).

See also