DENOMINAZIONE DI ORIGINE CONTROLLATA (DOC) (pronounced ; English :
controlled designation of origin) is a quality assurance label for
Italian wines . The system is modeled on the French Appellation
d\'origine contrôlée (AOC) designations. The Italian government
introduced the system in 1963 and overhauled in 1992 to comply with
* 1 Description
* 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links
There are three levels of labels: DO — Denominazione di Origine (designation of origin, seldom used), DOC — Denominazione di Origine Controllata (controlled designation of origin), and DOCG — Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (controlled and guaranteed designation of origin). All three require that a food product be produced within the specified region using defined methods and that it satisfy a defined quality standard.
The need for a DOCG identification arose when the DOC designation was, in the view of many Italian food industries, given too liberally to different products. A new, more restrictive identification was then created as similar as possible to the previous one so that buyers could still recognize it, but qualitatively different.
A paper strip denoting DOCG on a bottle of 2012 Barbera d\'Asti
A notable difference for wines is that DOCG labelled wines are analysed and tasted by government–licensed personnel before being bottled. To prevent later manipulation, DOCG wine bottles then are sealed with a numbered governmental seal across the cap or cork.
Italian legislation additionally regulates the use of the following
qualifying terms for wines:
Classico (classic): reserved for wines
produced in the region where a particular type of wine has been
produced "traditionally". For the
Classico , this "traditional
region" is defined by a decree from July 10, 1932, and Riserva
(reserve), which may be used only for wines that have been aged at
least two years longer than normal for a particular type of wine.
For wines produced in Bolzano