The Info List - Deanna Durbin

Edna Mae Durbin (December 4, 1921 – c. April 20, 2013), known professionally as Deanna Durbin, was a Canadian-born actress and singer, later settled in France, who appeared in musical films in the 1930s and 1940s. With the technical skill and vocal range of a legitimate lyric soprano, she performed many styles from popular standards to operatic arias. Durbin made her first film appearance with Judy Garland
Judy Garland
in Every Sunday (1936), and subsequently signed a contract with Universal Studios. Her success as the ideal teenaged daughter in films such as Three Smart Girls
Three Smart Girls
(1936) was credited with saving the studio from bankruptcy.[2] In 1938, at the age of 17, Durbin was awarded the Academy Juvenile Award. As she matured, Durbin grew dissatisfied with the girl-next-door roles assigned to her, and attempted to portray a more womanly and sophisticated style. The film noir Christmas Holiday
Christmas Holiday
(1944) and the whodunit Lady on a Train
Lady on a Train
(1945) were, however, not as well received as her musical comedies and romances had been. Durbin retired from acting and singing in 1949, and withdrew from public life, granting no interviews for the remainder of her life, except for one in 1983. She married film producer-director Charles Henri David in 1950, and the couple moved to a farmhouse near Paris.


1 Early life 2 Career 3 Personal life 4 Legacy 5 Filmography 6 Discography 7 Radio appearances 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Early life[edit] Edna Mae Durbin was born on December 4, 1921, at Grace Hospital in Winnipeg, Manitoba, the younger daughter of James Allen Durbin and his wife Ada (née Read), who were originally from Manchester, England. When she was an infant, her family moved from Winnipeg
to Southern California, and her parents became United States citizens in 1923, which would have conferred United States citizenship via Jus sanguinis to her and her elder sister, Edith (born 1909, England), although it is unclear if she or her sister ever elected to claim U.S. citizenship. At the age of one, Edna Mae was singing children's songs.[citation needed] By the time she was 10, her parents recognized that she had definite talent and enrolled her in voice lessons at the Ralph Thomas Academy.[3] Durbin soon became Thomas's prize pupil, and he showcased her talent at various local clubs and churches.[3] In early 1935, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
was planning a biographical film on the life of opera star Ernestine Schumann-Heink
Ernestine Schumann-Heink
and was having difficulty finding an actress to play the young opera singer. MGM casting director Rufus LeMaire heard about a talented young soloist performing with the Ralph Thomas Academy and called her in for an audition. Durbin sang "Il Bacio" for the studio's vocal coach, who was stunned by her "mature soprano" voice. She sang the number again for Louis B. Mayer, who signed her to a six-month contract.[3] Career[edit] Durbin made her first film appearance in the short Every Sunday
Every Sunday
(1936) with a young Judy Garland. The film would highlight the pairs' talent, as studio executives had questioned the wisdom of casting two female singers together. Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
decided to keep both girls, but by the time that decision was made, Durbin's contract option had lapsed.[2] Durbin signed a contract with Universal Studios, where she was given the professional name Deanna. She was 14 years old when she made her first feature-length film, Three Smart Girls
Three Smart Girls
(1936). When producer Joe Pasternak cast the film, he wanted to borrow Garland from MGM, but Garland was not available at the time. When Pasternak learned that Durbin was no longer with MGM, he cast her in the film instead. Three Smart Girls was a success and established Durbin as a star. With Pasternak producing for Universal, Durbin went on to star in a string of successful musical films, including One Hundred Men and a Girl (1937),[4] Mad About Music
Mad About Music
(1938), That Certain Age
That Certain Age
(1938), Three Smart Girls Grow Up (1939), and First Love (1939)—most of which were directed by Henry Koster.[5] During the 1930s, Durbin continued to pursue singing projects. In 1936, she auditioned to provide the vocals for Snow White in Disney's animated film Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, but was rejected by Walt Disney, who said the 15-year-old Durbin's voice was "too old" for the part.[6] In late 1936, Cesar Sturani, the general music secretary of the Metropolitan Opera, offered Durbin an audition. She turned down his request because she felt she needed more singing lessons. Andrés de Segurola, who was the vocal coach working with Universal Studios—himself a former Metropolitan Opera singer—believed that Durbin was a potential opera star. De Segurola was commissioned to advise the Metropolitan Opera on her progress. Also in 1936, Durbin started a radio collaboration with Eddie Cantor
Eddie Cantor
which lasted until 1938, when her heavy workload for Universal forced her to quit her weekly appearances.[7] The success of Durbin's films was reported to have saved Universal from bankruptcy.[2] In 1938, she received an Academy Juvenile Award with Mickey Rooney. Her producer, Joe Pasternak, said:

Deanna's genius had to be unfolded, but it was hers and hers alone, always has been, always will be, and no one can take credit for discovering her. You can't hide that kind of light under a bushel. You just can't, no matter how hard you try!

In the early 1940s, Durbin continued her success with It's a Date (1940), Spring Parade
Spring Parade
(1940), Nice Girl?
Nice Girl?
(1941), and It Started with Eve (1941), her last film with Pasternak and director Henry Koster.[8] After Pasternak moved from Universal to MGM, Durbin was suspended between October 16, 1941 and early February 1942 for refusing to appear in They Lived Alone, which was scheduled to be directed by Koster. The project was canceled when Durbin and Universal settled their differences. In the agreement, Universal conceded to Durbin the approval of her directors, stories, and songs.[9] Following the two sequels to her first film Three Smart Girls, Durbin issued a press release announcing that she was no longer inclined to participate in these team efforts and was now performing as a solo artist. The Three Smart Girls
Three Smart Girls
Join Up title was changed to Hers to Hold (1943). Joseph Cotten, who played alongside Durbin in the film, praised her integrity and character in his autobiography.[10] In 1943, Durbin took on a more sophisticated role in the World War II story of refugee children from China, The Amazing Mrs. Holliday. Additional adult roles followed, including the film noir Christmas Holiday (1944), directed by Robert Siodmak, and the whodunit Lady on a Train (1945).[8] While these adult dramatic roles may have been more satisfying for Durbin, her fans preferred her in light musical confections such as Can't Help Singing
Can't Help Singing
(1944), her only Technicolor
film, which featured some of the last melodies written by Jerome Kern
Jerome Kern
plus lyrics by E. Y. Harburg. A musical comedy in a Western setting, this production was filmed mostly on location in southern Utah and co-starred Robert Paige.[11]

Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
and cinematographer William H. Daniels on the set of For the Love of Mary (1948)

In 1946, Universal merged with two other companies to create Universal-International. The new regime discontinued much of Universal's familiar product and scheduled only a few musicals. She stayed on for another four pictures: I'll Be Yours
I'll Be Yours
(1947), Something in the Wind (1947), Up in Central Park (1948), and For the Love of Mary (1948).[8] In 1946, Durbin was the second-highest paid woman in the United States, just behind Bette Davis,[5] and in 1947, she was the top-salaried woman in the United States. Her fan club ranked as the world's largest during her active years.[12] By 1948, however, her box-office clout began to diminish. In private life, Durbin continued to use her given name, Edna; salary figures printed annually by the Hollywood trade publications listed the actress as "Edna Mae Durbin, player". On August 22, 1948, two months after completing her final film, Universal-International announced a lawsuit which sought to collect from Durbin $87,083 in wages the studio had paid her in advance.[13] Durbin settled the complaint by agreeing to star in three more pictures, including one in Paris. The studio allowed Deanna's contract to expire on August 31, 1949, so the three films were never made.[citation needed] Durbin, who obtained a $200,000 ($2,057,063 in 2017),[14] severance payment[15] chose to retire from movies. Her former producer Joe Pasternak tried to dissuade her, but she told him: "I can't run around being a Little Miss Fix-It who bursts into song—the highest-paid star with the poorest material."[16] Personal life[edit]

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Durbin married an assistant director, Vaughn Paul, in 1941; the couple divorced in 1943. Her second marriage, to film writer-producer-actor Felix Jackson in 1945, produced a daughter, Jessica Louise Jackson, but a divorce followed in 1949. In Paris on December 21, 1950, shortly after her 29th birthday, Durbin married Charles David, the producer-director of both French and American pictures who had guided her through Lady on a Train. Durbin and David raised two children: Jessica (from her second marriage to Jackson) and Peter (from her union with David). Over the years, Durbin resisted numerous offers to perform again. In 1951, she was invited to play in London's West End production of Kiss Me Kate, and in the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
film version of the same in 1953, and Sigmund Romberg's operetta The Student Prince in 1954, and was reportedly Alan Jay Lerner's first choice to portray Eliza Doolittle in the 1956 Broadway cast of My Fair Lady.[citation needed] In 1983, film historian David Shipman was granted a rare interview by Durbin. In the interview, she steadfastly asserted her right to privacy and maintained it until the end of her life, declining to be profiled on websites.[17] Durbin made it known that she did not like the Hollywood studio system. She emphasized that she never identified herself with the public image that the media created around her. She spoke of the Deanna "persona" in the third person, and considered the film character "Deanna Durbin" to be a byproduct of her youth and not her true identity.[18] Durbin's husband of more than 48 years, Charles David, died in Paris on March 1, 1999. On April 30, 2013, a newsletter published by the Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
Society reported that Durbin had died "in the past few days", quoting her son, Peter H. David, who thanked her admirers for respecting her privacy. No other details were given.[5] According to a family friend, Durbin died on or around April 20 in Neauphle-le-Château, France.[1][19] Legacy[edit]

Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Hollywood Walk of Fame
at 1722 Vine Street. She left her hand and footprints in front of the Grauman's Chinese Theatre on February 7, 1938. Frank Tashlin's Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
cartoon The Woods Are Full of Cuckoos (1937) contains an avian caricature of Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
called "Deanna Terrapin". An unnamed caricature of Durbin also appeared in the Warner Brother's cartoon "Malibu Beach Party" (1940). Deanna Durbin's singing is featured in Alistair Maclean's 1955 novel HMS Ulysses, being broadcast over the wartime ship's internal communication system. Durbin's name found its way into the introduction to a song written by satirical writer Tom Lehrer
Tom Lehrer
in 1965. Prior to singing "Whatever Became of Hubert?", Lehrer said that Vice President Hubert Humphrey
Hubert Humphrey
had been relegated to "those where-are-they-now columns: Whatever became of Deanna Durbin, and Hubert Humphrey, and so on." She is referenced in Richard Brautigan's novel Trout Fishing in America (1967), when the narrator claims to have seen one of her movies seven times, but cannot recall which one.[20] Durbin figures prominently in the 1963 Ray Bradbury
Ray Bradbury
short story "The Anthem Sprinters" (collected in The Machineries of Joy). In Philippe Mora's 1983 cult film The Return of Captain Invincible, Christopher Lee
Christopher Lee
sings a song called "Name Your Poison," written by Richard O'Brien
Richard O'Brien
& Richard Hartley, which has the line, "Think of young Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
/ And how she sang on rum and bourbon." Russian cellist/conductor Mstislav Rostropovich
Mstislav Rostropovich
in a mid-1980s interview cited Durbin as one of his most important musical influences, stating: "She helped me in my discovery of myself. You have no idea of the smelly old movie houses I patronized to see Deanna Durbin. I tried to create the very best in my music, to try to recreate, to approach her purity."[21] Indian-Bengali film director Satyajit Ray, in his acceptance speech for an Oscar (Honorary – Lifetime Achievement) in 1992, mentioned Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
as the only one of the three cinema personalities he recalled writing to when young who had acknowledged his fan letter with a reply. (The other two were Ginger Rogers
Ginger Rogers
and Billy Wilder.) Durbin was well known in Winnipeg, Manitoba
Winnipeg, Manitoba
(her place of birth), as "Winnipeg's Golden Girl" (a reference to one of the city's most famous landmarks, the statue Golden Boy atop the Manitoba Legislative Building). A short mention in a horse racing episode of "Mama's Family".


Short subjects

Year Title Role Notes

1936 Every Sunday Edna Co-starring Judy Garland

1939 For Auld Lang Syne: No. 4 Herself

1941 Friend Indeed, AA Friend Indeed Herself For the American Red Cross

1943 Show Business at War Herself

1944 Road to Victory Herself A promotional film to support war bonds; also known as The Shining Future

Feature films

Year Title Role Notes

1936 Three Smart Girls Craig, Penelope "Penny"Penelope "Penny" Craig

1937 One Hundred Men and a Girl Cardwell, Patricia "Patsy"Patricia "Patsy" Cardwell

1938 Mad About Music Harkinson, GloriaGloria Harkinson

That Certain Age Fullerton, AliceAlice Fullerton

1939 Three Smart Girls
Three Smart Girls
Grow Up Craig, Penelope "Penny"Penelope "Penny" Craig

First Love Harding, Constance "Connie"Constance "Connie" Harding

1940 It's a Date Drake, PamelaPamela Drake A short subject, Gems of Song, was excerpted from this feature in 1949.

Spring Parade Tolnay, IlonkaIlonka Tolnay

1941 Nice Girl? Dana, Jane "Pinky"Jane "Pinky" Dana

It Started with Eve Terry, AnneAnne Terry

1943 Amazing Mrs. Holliday, TheThe Amazing Mrs. Holliday Holliday, Ruth KirkeRuth Kirke Holliday

Hers to Hold Craig, Penelope "Penny"Penelope "Penny" Craig

His Butler's Sister Carter, AnnAnn Carter

1944 Christmas Holiday Lamont, JackieJackie Lamont / Abigail Martin

Can't Help Singing Frost, CarolineCaroline Frost Durbin's only film in Technicolor

1945 Lady on a Train Collins, NikkiNikki Collins / Margo Martin

1946 Because of Him Walker, KimKim Walker

1947 I'll Be Yours Ginglebusher, LouiseLouise Ginglebusher

Something in the Wind Collins, MaryMary Collins

1948 Up in Central Park Moore, RosieRosie Moore

For the Love of Mary Peppertree, MaryMary Peppertree

Discography[edit] Between December 15, 1936 and July 22, 1947, Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
recorded 50 tunes for Decca Records. While often re-creating her movie songs for commercial release, Durbin also covered independent standards, like "Kiss Me Again", "My Hero", "Annie Laurie", "Poor Butterfly", "Love's Old Sweet Song" and "God Bless America".

"Alice Blue Gown" "Alleluia" (from 100 Men and a Girl) "Always" (from Christmas Holiday) "Adeste Fideles" "Amapola" (from First Love) "Annie Laurie" "Any Moment Now" (from Can't Help Singing) "Ave Maria" (from Mad About Music) "Ave Maria" (from It's a Date) "Be a Good Scout" (from That Certain Age) "Because" (from Three Smart Girls
Three Smart Girls
Grow Up) "Begin the Beguine" (from Hers to Hold) "Beneath the Lights of Home" (from Nice Girl) "The Blue Danube" (from Spring Parade) "Brahms' Lullaby" (from I'll Be Yours) "Brindisi" ("Libiamo ne' lieti calici)" (from 100 Men and a Girl) "Californ-I-Ay" "Can't Help Singing" (from Can't Help Singing) "Carmena Waltz" "Chapel Bells" (from Mad About Music) "Cielito Lindo" ("Beautiful Heaven)" "Ciribiribin" "Clavelitos" (from It Started with Eve) "Danny Boy" (from Because of Him) "Embraceable You" "Every Sunday" (with Judy Garland) "Filles de Cadiz" ("The Maids of Cadiz") (from That Certain Age) "Gimme a Little Kiss, Will Ya, Huh?" (from Lady on a Train) "God Bless America" "Goin' Home" (from It Started With Eve) "Goodbye" (from Because of Him) "Granada" (from I'll Be Yours) "A Heart That's Free" (from 100 Men and a Girl) "Home! Sweet Home!" (from First Love) "Il Bacio" ("The Kiss") (from Three Smart Girls) "I'll Follow My Sweet Heart" "I'll Take You Home Again Kathleen" (from For the Love of Mary) "I'll See You In My Dreams" "I Love to Whistle" (from Mad About Music) "(I'm) Happy Go Lucky and Free" (from Something in the Wind) "(I'm) Happy Go Lucky and Free" (from Something in the Wind) "In the Spirit of the Moment" (from His Butler's Sister) "Italian Street Song" "It's a Big, Wide, Wonderful World" (from For the Love Of Mary) "It's Dreamtime" (from I'll Be Yours) "It's Foolish But It's Fun" (from Spring Parade) "It's Only Love" (from Something In The Wind) "It's Raining Sunbeams" (from 100 Men and a Girl) "Invitation to the Dance" (from Three Smart Girls
Three Smart Girls
Grow Up) "Je Veux Vivre" ( Roméo et Juliette) (from That Certain Age) "Kiss Me Again" "La Estrellita" ("Little Star)" "Largo Al Factotum" (The Barber of Seville) (from For the Love of Mary) "The Last Rose of Summer" (from Three Smart Girls
Three Smart Girls
Grow Up) "Loch Lomond" (from It's a Date) "Love at Last" (from Nice Girl) "Love is All" (from It's a Date) "Lover" (from Because of Him) "Love's Old Sweet Song" "Make Believe" "Mighty Like a Rose" (from "The Amazing Mrs. Halliday") "Molly Malone" "More and More" (from Can't Help Singing) "More and More/Can't Help Singing" (from Can`t Help Singing) "Musetta's Waltz" (La bohème) (from It's a Date) "My Heart is Singing" (from Three Smart Girls
Three Smart Girls
Grow Up) "My Hero" "My Own" (from That Certain Age) "Nessun Dorma" (Turandot) (from His Butler's Sister) "Never in a Million Years/ Make Believe" "Night and Day" (from Lady on a Train) "O Come All Ye Faithful" "Old Folks at Home" (from Nice Girl) "The Old Refrain" (from The Amazing Mrs. Holiday) "On Moonlight Bay" (from For The Love Of Mary) "One Fine Day" (Madama Butterfly) (from First Love) "One Night of Love" "Pace, Pace, Mio Dio" (La forza del destino) (from Up In Central Park) "Pale Hands I Loved" (Kashmiri Song) (from Hers to Hold) "Perhaps" (from Nice Girl) "Poor Butterfly" "The Prince" "Russian Medley" (from His Butler's Sister) "Sari Waltz (Love's Own Sweet Song)" (from I'll Be Yours) "Say a Pray'r for the Boys Over There" (from Hers to Hold) "Seal It With a Kiss" " Seguidilla
(Carmen) (from Hers to Hold) "Serenade to the Stars" (from Mad About Music) "Silent Night" (from Lady on a Train) "Someone to Care for Me" (from Three Smart Girls) "Something in the Wind" (from Something in the Wind) "Spring in My Heart" (from First Love) "Spring Will Be a Little Late This Year" (from Christmas Holiday) "Swanee – Old Folks at Home" (from Nice Girl) "Summertime" (Porgy And Bess) "Sweetheart" "Thank You America" (from Nice Girl) "There'll Always Be An England" (from Nice Girl) "The Turntable Song" (from Something in the Wind) "Two Guitars" (from His Butler's Sister) "Two Hearts" "Un bel di vedremo" (Madama Butterfly) (from First Love) "Viennese Waltz" (from For The Love Of Mary) " Vissi d'arte (Tosca) (from The Amazing Mrs. Holiday) "Waltzing in the Clouds" (from Spring Parade) "When April Sings" (from Spring Parade) "When I Sing" (from It Started with Eve) "When the Roses Bloom Again" "When You're Away" (from His Butler's Sister) "You Wanna Keep Your Baby Looking Nice, Don't You" (from Something in the Wind) "You're as Pretty as a Picture" (from That Certain Age)

Radio appearances[edit]

Year Program Episode Ref.

1938 Lux Radio Theatre Mad About Music [22]

1948 Screen Guild Players Up in Central Park [23]

See also[edit]

Academy Juvenile Award List of oldest and youngest Academy Award winners and nominees



^ Durbin died "on or about April 20", according to a family friend. Her death was not announced until April 30, with no specific date or cause provided.[1]


^ a b "Deanna Durbin, child star from Hollywood's golden age, dies", Entertainment Weekly, Entertainment Weekly Inc., May 2, 2013, retrieved May 4, 2013  ^ a b c Clarke, Gerald (2001). Get Happy: The Life of Judy Garland. New York: Random House. p. 76. ISBN 978-0385335157.  ^ a b c Basinger, Jeanine (2007). The Star Machine. New York: Knopf. pp. 258–59. ISBN 978-1400041305.  ^ In the film, Jane Barlow, ballerina and a student of Nijinska, was a body double for Durbin. Yoshida, Yukihiko," Jane Barlow and Witaly Osins, ballet teachers who worked in postwar Japan, and their students, Pan-Asian Journal of Sports & Physical Education, Vol.3(Sep), 2012. ^ a b c Harmetz, Aljean (May 1, 2013). "Deanna Durbin, Plucky Movie Star of the Depression Era, Is Dead at 91". The New York Times. Retrieved May 23, 2014.  ^ Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (Media notes). Walt Disney. Walt Disney Studios. 2008 [1937].  ^ Interview with David Shipman, 1983. ^ a b c Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
on IMDb ^ Brady, Thomas F. "Some Hollywood Highlights", New York Times, February 8, 1942. ^ Cotten, Joseph: Vanity Will Get You Somewhere: An Autobiography by Joseph Cotten
Joseph Cotten
(Avon Books (Mm) July 1988); ISBN 978-0-380-70534-4 ^ Bob Dorian, American Movie Classics; accessed March 28, 2014. ^ Dagan, Carmel (April 30, 2013). "Singer-Actress Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
Dead at 91". Variety. Retrieved May 23, 2014.  ^ " Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
sues studio". The New York Times. August 23, 1948.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved January 2, 2018.  ^ Brady, Thomas F. (June 19, 1949). "Hollywood Digest". The New York Times.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Freedland, Michael (May 1, 2013). " Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved May 23, 2014.  ^ "NOSTALGIA: Deanna Durbin" Archived 2011-06-05 at the Wayback Machine., San Francisco Chronicle, webprime.de; accessed April 19, 2016. ^ Private letter to film historian/critic William K. Everson in the late 1970s ^ Luther, Claudia (May 2, 2013), " Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
dies at 91; wholesome star of Depression-era films", Los Angeles Times, Tribune Company, retrieved May 4, 2013  ^ Plagiarist Poetry Archive ^ "The Song of Slava", The Washington Post, 1983 ^ Internet Archive, Old Time Radio, "Lux Radio Theater"1938 #8 ^ "Those Were The Days". Nostalgia Digest. 40 (1): 32–39. Winter 2014. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Deanna Durbin.

Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
on IMDb Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
at the TCM Movie Database Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
at AllMovie Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
at the Internet Archive
Internet Archive
– Includes audio of her singing many of her songs. The Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
Showcase The Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
Database at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
(archived October 27, 2009) The Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
Page at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
(archived October 26, 2009) Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
"The Turntable Song" Something in the Wind
Something in the Wind
on YouTube – The opening scene of Something in the Wind
Something in the Wind
– "The Turntable Song" Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
"Mighty like a Rose on YouTube
w. Frank Lebby Stanton
Frank Lebby Stanton
m. Ethelbert Nevin
Ethelbert Nevin
(see also "Mighty Lak' a Rose") Photographs of Deanna Durbin Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
Devotees A film clip " Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
Appeals For Donations, 1940/07/01 (1940)" is available at the Internet Archive

v t e

Academy Honorary Award


Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1928) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1932) Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
(1934) D. W. Griffith
D. W. Griffith
(1935) The March of Time
The March of Time
/ W. Howard Greene and Harold Rosson (1936) Edgar Bergen
Edgar Bergen
/ W. Howard Greene / Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art
Film Library / Mack Sennett
Mack Sennett
(1937) J. Arthur Ball / Walt Disney
Walt Disney
/ Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
and Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
/ Gordon Jennings, Jan Domela, Devereaux Jennings, Irmin Roberts, Art Smith, Farciot Edouart, Loyal Griggs, Loren L. Ryder, Harry D. Mills, Louis Mesenkop, Walter Oberst / Oliver T. Marsh and Allen Davey / Harry Warner
Harry Warner
(1938) Douglas Fairbanks
Douglas Fairbanks
/ Judy Garland
Judy Garland
/ William Cameron Menzies / Motion Picture Relief Fund (Jean Hersholt, Ralph Morgan, Ralph Block, Conrad Nagel)/ Technicolor
Company (1939) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Nathan Levinson (1940) Walt Disney, William Garity, John N. A. Hawkins, and the RCA Manufacturing Company / Leopold Stokowski
Leopold Stokowski
and his associates / Rey Scott / British Ministry of Information (1941) Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer
/ Noël Coward
Noël Coward
/ Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
(1942) George Pal
George Pal
(1943) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Margaret O'Brien
Margaret O'Brien
(1944) Republic Studio, Daniel J. Bloomberg, and the Republic Studio Sound Department / Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ The House I Live In / Peggy Ann Garner (1945) Harold Russell
Harold Russell
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ Ernst Lubitsch
Ernst Lubitsch
/ Claude Jarman Jr. (1946) James Baskett
James Baskett
/ Thomas Armat, William Nicholas Selig, Albert E. Smith, and George Kirke Spoor
George Kirke Spoor
/ Bill and Coo / Shoeshine (1947) Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ Monsieur Vincent
Monsieur Vincent
/ Sid Grauman
Sid Grauman
/ Adolph Zukor
Adolph Zukor
(1948) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
/ Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
/ Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
/ The Bicycle Thief (1949) Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
/ George Murphy
George Murphy
/ The Walls of Malapaga (1950)


Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
/ Rashomon
(1951) Merian C. Cooper
Merian C. Cooper
/ Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Harold Lloyd
Harold Lloyd
/ George Mitchell / Joseph M. Schenck / Forbidden Games
Forbidden Games
(1952) 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation / Bell & Howell Company / Joseph Breen / Pete Smith (1953) Bausch & Lomb Optical Company / Danny Kaye
Danny Kaye
/ Kemp Niver / Greta Garbo / Jon Whiteley
Jon Whiteley
/ Vincent Winter / Gate of Hell (1954) Samurai I: Musashi Miyamoto (1955) Eddie Cantor
Eddie Cantor
(1956) Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
/ Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson / Charles Brackett / B. B. Kahane (1957) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1958) Buster Keaton
Buster Keaton
/ Lee de Forest
Lee de Forest
(1959) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
/ Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
/ Hayley Mills
Hayley Mills
(1960) William L. Hendricks / Fred L. Metzler / Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1961) William J. Tuttle
William J. Tuttle
(1964) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1965) Yakima Canutt
Yakima Canutt
/ Y. Frank Freeman
Y. Frank Freeman
(1966) Arthur Freed (1967) John Chambers / Onna White (1968) Cary Grant
Cary Grant
(1969) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
/ Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1970) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1971) Charles S. Boren / Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
(1972) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
/ Groucho Marx
Groucho Marx
(1973) Howard Hawks
Howard Hawks
/ Jean Renoir
Jean Renoir
(1974) Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford


Margaret Booth (1977) Walter Lantz
Walter Lantz
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ King Vidor
King Vidor
/ Museum of Modern Art Department of Film (1978) Hal Elias / Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1981) Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
(1982) Hal Roach
Hal Roach
(1983) James Stewart
James Stewart
/ National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Arts
(1984) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
/ Alex North (1985) Ralph Bellamy
Ralph Bellamy
(1986) Eastman Kodak
Company / National Film Board of Canada
National Film Board of Canada
(1988) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1989) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
/ Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
(1990) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1991) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1992) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1993) Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1994) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
/ Chuck Jones
Chuck Jones
(1995) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1996) Stanley Donen
Stanley Donen
(1997) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1998) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1999) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
/ Ernest Lehman (2000)


Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
/ Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2001) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(2002) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
(2003) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(2004) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2005) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2006) Robert F. Boyle (2007) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
/ Roger Corman
Roger Corman
/ Gordon Willis
Gordon Willis
(2009) Kevin Brownlow / Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
/ Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
(2010) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
/ Dick Smith (2011) D. A. Pennebaker
D. A. Pennebaker
/ Hal Needham
Hal Needham
/ George Stevens Jr.
George Stevens Jr.
(2012) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
/ Steve Martin
Steve Martin
/ Piero Tosi (2013) Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
/ Hayao Miyazaki
Hayao Miyazaki
/ Maureen O'Hara
Maureen O'Hara
(2014) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
/ Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(2015) Jackie Chan
Jackie Chan
/ Lynn Stalmaster / Anne V. Coates / Frederick Wiseman (2016) Charles Burnett / Owen Roizman / Donald Sutherland
Donald Sutherland
/ Agnès Varda (2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 162638542 LCCN: no90008351 ISNI: 0000 0001 1494 5206 GND: 1032101164 BNF: cb14174015b (data) MusicBrainz: 10b545d0-d861-488a-bf41-0f502dfcaa0f BNE: XX1697583 SN