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DALIAN is a major city and seaport in the south of Liaoning
Liaoning
Province , China
China
. It is the southernmost city of Northeast China
China
and at the tip of the Liaodong Peninsula . Dalian
Dalian
is the province's second largest city and has sub-provincial administrative status; only the provincial capital ( Shenyang ) is larger. The Shandong Peninsula lies southwest across the Bohai Strait ; Korea
Korea
lies across the Yellow Sea to the east.

Today, a financial, shipping and logistics centre for Northeast Asia , Dalian
Dalian
has a significant history of being used by foreign powers for its ports. Dalian
Dalian
was previously known as both DALNIY (Russian : Дальний; _DAL\'NII_) and DAIREN (Japanese : 大連). However the city was better known as PORT ARTHUR (Russian: Порт-Артур; _PORT-ARTUR_) and RYOJUN (Japanese: 旅順) from the original Port
Port
Arthur , now the city's Lüshunkou district .

In 2016, Dalian
Dalian
ranks 48th in the Global Financial Centres Index published by the Z/Yen Group and Qatar Financial Centre Authority , the other Chinese cities on the list being Hong Kong
Hong Kong
, Shanghai
Shanghai
, Shenzhen
Shenzhen
, Beijing
Beijing
and Qingdao
Qingdao
. In 2012, Dalian
Dalian
ranked 82nd in the Global City Competitiveness Index , according to the Economist Intelligence Unit (The Economist Group ). In 2006, Dalian
Dalian
was named China's most livable city by _ China
China
Daily _.

CONTENTS

* 1 Names

* 2 History

* 2.1 Ancient * 2.2 Qing Dynasty
Qing Dynasty
* 2.3 British, Russian, and Japanese occupations * 2.4 Post- World War II
World War II
* 2.5 Post 1990 * 2.6 Post 2010

* 3 Geography

* 3.1 Climate * 3.2 Environmental issues

* 4 Administration

* 4.1 Municipal government * 4.2 Administrative divisions

* 5 Demographics

* 6 Economy

* 6.1 Agriculture and aquaculture * 6.2 Heavy, light and distribution industries * 6.3 Industrial zones * 6.4 Financial and IT industry

* 7 Tourism

* 7.1 Four inner-city districts * 7.2 Jinzhou District and Development Zone (in the northern suburbs) * 7.3 Lüshunkou District
Lüshunkou District
(in the southwestern suburbs) * 7.4 Three Northern District and Cities of Greater Dalian
Dalian
* 7.5 Hot Spring and Ski Resorts

* 8 Transportation

* 8.1 Local transportation * 8.2 Domestic and international

* 9 Culture

* 9.1 Dalian dialect * 9.2 Cuisine * 9.3 Sports * 9.4 City-wide festivals and events * 9.5 Inter-governmental * 9.6 Religion

* 10 Notable people

* 11 Education

* 11.1 Colleges and universities * 11.2 Research centres * 11.3 High schools * 11.4 International schools

* 12 Twin towns and sister cities * 13 See also * 14 References * 15 Bibliography * 16 Further reading * 17 External links

NAMES

Modern Dalian
Dalian
originated from QINGNIWA (Chinese: 青泥洼; pinyin: _Qīngníwā_; literally: "cyan mud swamp") or Qingniwaqiao (Chinese: 青泥洼桥; pinyin: _Qīngníwāqiáo_; literally: "bridge over the cyan mud swamp"), a small fishing village. Russia
Russia
built a commercial town for the Kwantung Leased Territory after assuming control in 1898 and called it "Dalniy" (Russian : Дальний _Dal'nii_, lit. 'a remote one (in reference to the town's location)', rendered as Chinese: 达里尼; pinyin: _Dálǐní_) from 1898–1905. After the Russo-Japanese War , Japan
Japan
occupied the Kwantung Leased Territory and renamed the city Dairen (Japanese : 大連/だいれん) after the Chinese name for Dalian Bay (simplified Chinese: 大连湾; traditional Chinese: 大連灣; pinyin: _Dàlián Wān_). English sources called the city "Dairen" in this period, from the Japanese.

In 1950, Dalian
Dalian
merged with nearby town called Lüshun (Chinese: 旅顺) (formerly "Ryojun" and before that, " Port
Port
Arthur") to form the city of LüDA (Chinese: 旅大; pinyin: _Lǚdà_), a name formed from the first syllable of each constituent's name which was usually rendered as LUTA in English during that era. In 1981, the State Council again renamed the city, from Lüda to "Dalian" (simplified Chinese: 大连; traditional Chinese: 大連; pinyin: _Dàlián_, the same Chinese characters as Japanese _Dairen_), effective 5 March 1981.

HISTORY

ANCIENT

In the Qin and Han periods (221 BC–AD 220), Chinese expanded their territories into northern Korea
Korea
through the Dalian
Dalian
region, then under the jurisdiction of Liaodong
Liaodong
county. During the Sixteen Kingdoms era (3rd through 5th centuries), the kingdom of Goguryeo controlled this region. In the early Tang Dynasty
Tang Dynasty
(618–907), the Dalian
Dalian
region was part of Andong
Andong
Prefecture in Jili state; during the Liao Dynasty (916–1125), it was part of Dong Jing Tong Liaoyang
Liaoyang
county. Dalian was named Sanshan in the period of Wei Jin (220–420), San Shanpu in the Tang Dynasty
Tang Dynasty
(618–907), Sanshan Seaport in the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644), and Qingniwakou during the Qing Dynasty
Qing Dynasty
(1644–1911).

QING DYNASTY

In the 1880s, Jinzhou, the north of downtown within Dalian, now Jinzhou District , was a walled town and centre for political intrigue and economic activity. The Qing government built bridges and heavily fortified the peninsula. Mining camps on the northern coast of Dalian Bay became the small town of Qingniwa or Qingniwaqiao , near what became downtown Dalian.

BRITISH, RUSSIAN, AND JAPANESE OCCUPATIONS

Main articles: Russian Dalian and Kwantung Leased Territory Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Square , then Ōhiroba, ca. 1940. It was initially built in 1898 as Nikolayevskaya Square. An old clock on a heritage building near the port Dalian
Dalian
Hotel, formerly Yamato Hotel , was built in 1914

The British occupied Qingniwa in 1858, but it returned to Chinese control in the 1860. Port
Port
Arthur at the peninsula's tip took its English name from Royal Navy Lieutenant William C. Arthur , but Chinese called it Lüshun . Although China
China
heavily fortified the area, in which it allowed trade with foreigners, Japan
Japan
swiftly overcame those defenses in the First Sino-Japanese War , committing the Port Arthur massacre during the war in November 1894. In April 1895, China conceded defeat in the First Sino-Japanese War, ceding Liaodong Peninsula , Taiwan
Taiwan
and Penghu
Penghu
, and making many other concessions in the Treaty of Shimonoseki .

The Triple Intervention
Triple Intervention
by Russia, France
France
and Germany
Germany
forced Japan
Japan
to return the Liaodong Peninsula to China, despite the treaty's terms; instead the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
coerced a lease of the peninsula from the Qing Dynasty
Qing Dynasty
in 1898. For Russia
Russia
the region of the peninsula was of particular interest as one of the few areas in the region that had the potential to develop ice-free ports . The Russians built a modern commercial port city, which they wanted to become the Paris of the Far East, and called it Dal'niy (Russian: Дальний). Linked to the Trans-Siberian Railway 's branch line from Harbin
Harbin
, Dalniy became Russia's primary port-city in Asia, and also served other western traders. Russia
Russia
signed the Pavlov Agreement (1898) with China, which granted Russia
Russia
a 25-year lease on Dalian
Dalian
and Lüshun and exclusive right to lay a branch of the Chinese Eastern Railway
Chinese Eastern Railway
—what would become the South Manchurian Railway . Russia
Russia
spent more than 10 million golden rubles (equivalent to 11.5 billion of today's rubles ) building the new ice-free port city.

Russia
Russia
heavily fortified both Dalniy ( Qingniwaqiao of Zhongshan District) and the Port
Port
Arthur naval base (Lüshunkou) before and after the Boxer Rebellion
Boxer Rebellion
. Missionaries and converts were killed in the peninsula during the insurrection, although the massive massacres of ethnic Chinese Christians including Metrophanes, Chi Sung occurred at Harbin
Harbin
. Also, Western expeditionary forces suppressed the Boxers across the Yellow Sea in Shandong
Shandong
.

During the Russo-Japanese War , the peninsula became a major battleground. Major-General Baron Anatoly Stoessel defended the siege of Port
Port
Arthur , for five months, but the Japanese army managed to sink several Russian ships attempting to relieve him through long-distance fire in early December. Admiral Eugene Alexeyeff was blamed for splitting precious resources shipped 5,000 miles (8,047 km) across the single tracked Trans-Siberian Railway and Manchurian Railway between Dalniy and Port
Port
Arthur. After the Japanese navy crippled the remaining Russian battleship _Sevastopol _ in three weeks of constant attacks, and explosives detonated in tunnels destroyed Port
Port
Arthur's remaining defenses at year's end, Russia
Russia
surrendered the port on 2 January 1905.

The Treaty of Portsmouth ceded Port
Port
Arthur to Japan, which set up the Kwantung Leased Territory or _Guandongzhou_ (關東州), on roughly the southern half ( Jinzhou District and south) of present-day Dalian. Japanese invested heavily in the region, which became the main trading port between Manchuria and Japan. Japan
Japan
leased the area from Manchukuo after establishing the puppet state in 1932. In 1937, as the Second Sino-Japanese War began, Japan
Japan
enlarged and modernized the trade zone as two cities: the northern Dairen (Dalian) and the southern Ryojun ( Lüshun or Port
Port
Arthur). DALIAN ↓British Invasion ↓LS Massacre ↓ Treaty of Portsmouth WWII
WWII
Ends ↓Transfer Dalian
Dalian
to China
China
UK Qing rule Russian Japanese rule Soviet People\'s Pepublic of China
China
CHINA ↓ Second Opium War ↓Jiawu War ↓Xinhai Revolution ↓ WWII
WWII
↓Civil War ↓ Sino-Soviet split Qing Empire Republic of China
China
People\'s Republic of China
China
│ 1858 │ 1868 │ 1878 │ 1888 │ 1898 │ 1908 │ 1918 │ 1928 │ 1938 │ 1948 │ 1958 │ 1968

POST-WORLD WAR II

A retired China
China
Railways SY , built jointly by Dalian
Dalian
Locomotive Works and Tangshan Locomotive Works in 1959, on display in front of Dalian
Dalian
Modern Museum

With the unconditional surrender of Japan
Japan
in August 1945, Dairen was passed to the Soviets, whose Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operation had liberated the city. The Soviets and Chinese Communists cooperated to develop the city, relatively undamaged during the war, especially its industrial infrastructure and the port. The Soviet government rented the port and in 1945 the first Chinese Communist mayor of the new Lüda Administrative Office (旅大行政公署) had been appointed. Joint Chinese-Soviet travel document issued at Da Lian (Guandong) in 1948

In 1950, the USSR presented the city to the Chinese Communist government without any compensation. Dalian
Dalian
and Lüshun (former Port Arthur) merged as Lüda on 1 December 1950. From 12 March 1953 to 1 August 1954 it was a direct-controlled municipality and not part of Liaoning. Soviet troops left the city in 1955. After the Soviets left, the PRC made Lüda a major shipbuilding centre.

In 1981, it was renamed Dalian, with Lüshunkou becoming a constituent district. In 1984, the Chinese Government designated the city a Special
Special
Economic Zone . At the time, Dalian
Dalian
was China's largest foreign trade port.

POST 1990

Modern day Qingniwaqiao shopping district Modern day Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Square

The city was upgraded from a prefecture-level city to a sub-provincial city in May 1994, with no change in its administrative subdivisions. In the 1990s the city benefited from the attention of Bo Xilai (later Communist Party head of Chongqing
Chongqing
) who was both the mayor of the city and one of the major leaders in the province, who, among other things, banned motorcycles and planted large, lush parks in the city's many traffic circles. He also preserved much of Dalian's Japanese and Russian architectural heritage. He also worked as former Minister of Commerce of the PRC.

In 2008, about 1,000 people protested and blocked traffic as a response of the 2008 Tibetan anti-Chinese protests , and forced the temporary closure of the local Carrefour
Carrefour
store.

In 2010, one of the worst recorded oil spills in China\'s history occurred in Dalian.

Since 2007, Dalian
Dalian
has been hosting the Annual Meeting of the New Champions ("Summer Davos"), organised by the World Economic Forum
World Economic Forum
, in alternating years with Tianjin
Tianjin
. The venue for the forum is Dalian International Conference Center in Donggang CBD .

POST 2010

* 14 August 2011 - Dalian PX protest occurred. * June 2014 - China's tenth national new area, Dalian
Dalian
Jinpu New Area officially established. * 14 June 2016 - Dalian
Dalian
taxi incident occurred. * 5 August 2016 - Dalian
Dalian
Huabiao incident occurred.

GEOGRAPHY

DALIAN

CLIMATE CHART (EXPLANATION )

J F M A M J J A S O N D

8.9 0 −7 5.8 1 −5 12 7 0 25 15 7 47 20 12 83 24 17 140 27 21 155 27 22 65 24 17 29 18 11 20 10 3 11 3 −4

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in mm

_Source: China
China
Meteorological Administration_

IMPERIAL CONVERSION

J F M A M J J A S O N D

0.4 31 20 0.2 35 23 0.5 45 32 1 58 44 1.9 68 54 3.3 76 63 5.5 80 70 6.1 81 71 2.6 75 63 1.1 64 51 0.8 49 37 0.4 38 26

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in inches

Dalian
Dalian
and vicinities, Landsat 5 satellite image, 3 August 2010

One of the most heavily developed industrial areas of China, Dalian municipal area today consists of Dalian
Dalian
proper and the smaller Lüshunkou (formerly Lüshun city, known in Western and Russian historic references as Port
Port
Arthur), about forty nautical miles (74 kilometres; 46 miles) farther along the Liaodong Peninsula . Historical references note that the Russian designed city of Dalniy (Alt. Dalney), on the south side of Dalian Bay was 40 kilometres (25 miles) from Port
Port
Arthur/ Lüshun (known today as Lüshunkou or literally, Lüshun Port).

Dalian
Dalian
is located on Korea
Korea
Bay north of the Yellow Sea and roughly in the middle of the Liaodong
Liaodong
peninsula at its narrowest neck or isthmus . With a coastline of 1,906 km (1,184 mi), it governs the majority of the Liaodong Peninsula and about 260 surrounding islands and reefs. It is seated at south-south-west of the Yalu River , and its harbour entrance forms a sub-bay known as Dalian Bay . Shore in Dalian
Dalian

CLIMATE

Dalian
Dalian
has a monsoon -influenced humid continental climate (Köppen _Dwa_), characterised by humid summers due to the East Asian monsoon , and cold, windy, dry winters that reflect the influence of the vast Siberian anticyclone . Except for winter, the city experiences a one-month seasonal lag due to its position on the Liaodong
Liaodong
Peninsula. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −3.9 °C (25.0 °F) in January to 24.1 °C (75.4 °F) in August. Annual precipitation averages 602 millimetres (23.7 in) but is heavily concentrated in the summer months and can vary greatly from year to year. Due to the coastal location, the mean diurnal temperature variation annually is small, at 6.75 °C (12.2 °F). The monthly percent of possible sunshine ranges from 49% in July to 68% in September and October, with 2,740 hours of bright sunshine annually. The annual mean temperature is 10.90 °C (51.6 °F). Extremes since 1951 have ranged from −21.1 °C (−6 °F) on 4 January 1970 to 36.6 °C (98 °F) on 14 July 2015.

CLIMATE DATA FOR DALIAN (1971–2000)

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °C (°F) 10.2 (50.4) 14.2 (57.6) 20.1 (68.2) 28.5 (83.3) 33.8 (92.8) 35.6 (96.1) 36.6 (97.9) 34.4 (93.9) 33.4 (92.1) 28.2 (82.8) 21.7 (71.1) 14.4 (57.9) 36.6 (97.9)

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) −0.4 (31.3) 1.4 (34.5) 7.2 (45) 14.6 (58.3) 20.2 (68.4) 24.2 (75.6) 26.6 (79.9) 27.3 (81.1) 23.9 (75) 17.5 (63.5) 9.7 (49.5) 3.1 (37.6) 14.6 (58.3)

DAILY MEAN °C (°F) −3.9 (25) −2.1 (28.2) 3.2 (37.8) 10.2 (50.4) 16.0 (60.8) 20.3 (68.5) 23.4 (74.1) 24.1 (75.4) 20.3 (68.5) 13.8 (56.8) 6.0 (42.8) −0.5 (31.1) 10.9 (51.6)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) −6.8 (19.8) −5 (23) 0.2 (32.4) 6.6 (43.9) 12.2 (54) 17.2 (63) 21.0 (69.8) 21.6 (70.9) 17.4 (63.3) 10.6 (51.1) 2.8 (37) −3.5 (25.7) 7.9 (46.1)

RECORD LOW °C (°F) −21.1 (−6) −17.1 (1.2) −15.3 (4.5) −4.2 (24.4) 3.7 (38.7) 10.5 (50.9) 14.2 (57.6) 14.5 (58.1) 6.4 (43.5) −1.9 (28.6) −12.8 (9) −19.0 (−2.2) −21.1 (−6)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 8.9 (0.35) 5.8 (0.228) 12.1 (0.476) 24.7 (0.972) 47.0 (1.85) 83.2 (3.276) 140.1 (5.516) 155.4 (6.118) 65.1 (2.563) 29.0 (1.142) 20.0 (0.787) 10.6 (0.417) 601.9 (23.695)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.1 MM) 3.3 2.9 3.7 5.4 7.0 9.3 11.8 9.2 6.0 5.2 5.3 3.4 72.5

AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 56 56 55 56 61 74 84 81 69 62 60 58 64.3

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 198.0 200.2 238.8 256.9 277.6 254.7 220.7 240.8 251.5 234.6 182.1 183.9 2,739.8

PERCENT POSSIBLE SUNSHINE 66 66 65 65 63 57 49 57 68 68 60 63 62.3

Source: China
China
Meteorological Administration

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

Autumn mountain foliage View from Xiaochangshan Island (小长山岛) in Changhai County Beach side sunset Seascape at Heishijiao (黑石礁) Geological Park

In 2001, The United Nations Environment Programme awarded the Dalian Municipal Government for its outstanding contribution to the protection of the environment.

The average content of the four pollutants in the air reached Class Ⅱ of National Ambient Air Quality Standards and there were 353 days with Air Pollution Index (API) over Class Ⅱ (Good), including 108 excellent days with Class Ⅰ (Superior). Dalian
Dalian
frequently ranks Grade 2 for air pollution according to State Environmental Protection Administration . However, the environmental effects of economic growth are of concern, according to Dalian
Dalian
Environmental Protection Agency, during the first half of 2011, respirable particles in the air increased significantly, with an average 40% higher than 2010.

The water quality of offshore marine space remained stable overall. The annual average content of monitoring indicators for water quality met Class-II of the National Seawater Quality Standard, with the exception of Inorganic Nitrogen in Dalian Bay and the city's southern coast. The water quality of drinking water sources is considered good and complies with Class-III of Environmental Quality Standards for Surface Water.

Recent events have had a major environmental impact on the city. In July 2010, the explosion of two petroleum pipelines released 11,000 barrels of oil into the Yellow Sea , according to official statements. Rick Steiner, an American marine conservationist working with Greenpeace , says that the figure could be upwards of 400,000. It was reported as the largest oil spill to occur in China, and involved 2,000 firefighters. The oil spill stretched for at least 50 square kilometres (19 sq mi). 800 fishing boats were mobilized for the cleanup. The incident caused President Hu Jintao and Premier Wen Jiabao to intervene, and Vice Premier Zhang Dejiang moved in to help direct the rescue work. A researcher with the China
China
Environmental Science Research Institute, said that "the impact on marine life and on humans – as the pollution enters the food chain – could last 10 years." This has compounded aquatic pollution, affecting the city's fishing industry.

In August 2011, a dike protecting the petrochemical Fujia Factory in Jinzhou District was breached due to a typhoon. Authorities have ordered the plant to be shut down. Around 12,000 residents protested as the factory, which originally was intended to be based in Xiamen
Xiamen
, did not receive official approval to operate in Dalian. Municipal authorities ruled that the facility must move, leaving taxpayers to pay the expensive cost of relocation.

Concerns have been raised over mounting traffic due to "bad urban design" and that the growing rate of car ownership is affecting air quality. The United States
United States
National Academy of Engineering have raised concern about rising traffic in Dalian
Dalian
stating that "rapid growth of traffic in Dalian
Dalian
and in similar Chinese cities will repeat the air quality and energy consumption mistakes of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and other U.S. cities, if not better managed."

ADMINISTRATION

Dalian
Dalian
is the second largest city of Liaoning
Liaoning
province, after Shenyang , the provincial capital. Dalian
Dalian
City is governed by the Dalian
Dalian
Municipal People's Government.

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT

The municipal government is located in the main building on the north side of People's Square on Zhongshan Road , originally built as the Administrative Office of Kwantung Leased Territory , and other buildings in downtown Dalian. There are the Commerce, Foreign Economy & Trade, Hygiene, Information Industry, Police, Religion, Science line-height: 1; text-align: center; background-color: #ffffff; position: relative; max-width: 100%; overflow-x: auto;"> 1 2 3 GANJINGZI LüSHUNKOU JINZHOU PULANDIAN CHANGHAI COUNTY Wafangdian (city) Zhuanghe (city) 1. ZHONGSHAN 2. XIGANG 3. SHAHEKOU

NAME CHINESE MEANING IN ENGLISH STANDARD MANDARIN JIAOLIAO MANDARIN Population (est. 2015) AREA (KM²) Density (/km²)

CITY PROPER

Zhongshan
Zhongshan
District 中山区 Named after Sun Yat-sen (Not historical based) Zhōngshān Qū Zhong2 San4 Qu4 360,722 40.1 8,996

Xigang District 西岗区 West Sentry (Named by Japanese) Xīgǎng Qū Xi4 Gang4 Qu4 293,316 23.94 12,252

Shahekou District 沙河口区 Sand River Estuary (Named after Malan River ) Shāhékǒu Qū Sa4 He2 Kou3 Qu4 648,719 34.71 18,690

Ganjingzi District 甘井子区 Sweet Well (Named by a legend) Gānjǐngzi Qū Gan4 Jinge3 Qu4 843,342 451.52 1,868

SUBURBAN

Lüshunkou District
Lüshunkou District
旅顺口区 Safe Travel Estuary (also named Port
Port
Arthur ) Lǚshùnkǒu Qū Lv3 Sun4 Kou3 Qu4 221,356 512.15 432

Jinzhou District 金州区 Golden State (Named by Emperor Taizong of Tang Jīnzhōu Qū Jin4 Zhou0 Qu4 681,543 1,352.54 504

Pulandian District 普兰店区 Land of Brambles (Manchu) Pǔlándiàn Qū Pulan4 Dian4 Qu4 915,595 2,769.9 331

SATELLITE CITIES

Wafangdian 瓦房店市 Land of Tile-roofed Houses Wǎfángdiàn Shì Wa4 Fang4 Dian4 Si4 997,830 3,576.4 279

Zhuanghe 庄河市 Zhuang River Zhuānghé Shì Zuang4 He0 Si4 901,182 3,655.7 247

RURAL

Changhai County 长海县 Long Sea (formerly named Elliot Islands) Chánghǎi Xiàn Chang2-hai Xian4 72,033 156.89 459

DEMOGRAPHICS

The population of Dalian
Dalian
according to the 2010 census totaled 6.69 million. The total registered population on household at year end 2014 was 5.943 million, with a net increase of 29,000 over the previous year.

ECONOMY

Wang Jianlin
Wang Jianlin
, Chairman of the Dalian Wanda Group , at the Annual Meeting of the New Champions of World Economic Forum
World Economic Forum
, Dalian 2009 Main article: Economy of Dalian

The city has had a continuous annual double-digit percentage increase in GDP since 1992. In 2014, the city's GDP registered a 5.8% increase, reaching RMB 765.56 billion, while per capita GDP hit RMB 109,939. According to a nationwide appraisal by the National Bureau of Statistics , Dalian
Dalian
ranks eighth among Chinese cities in terms of overall strength. The city’s main industries include machine manufacturing, petrochemicals and oil refining, and electronics. Street view on Renmin Road, Dalian
Dalian

AGRICULTURE AND AQUACULTURE

Dalian
Dalian
was originally an agriculture and aquaculture-based area, which, after the opening of the ferry between Yantai and Lüshun during the early 20th century, began to be populated by the farmers and fishers of Shandong
Shandong
, across the Yellow Sea during the Chuang Guandong (闯关东) era.

HEAVY, LIGHT AND DISTRIBUTION INDUSTRIES

_ Ex-Varyag_ undergoing refit in Dalian
Dalian
Shipbuilding Industry Company (2011), which later became China's first aircraft carrier _ Liaoning
Liaoning
_

Even before and during the Second Sino-Japanese War , the shipbuilding and locomotives industries were located in the city such as the companies which later became Dalian
Dalian
Shipbuilding Industry Company and CNR Dalian Locomotive and of the distribution industry, such as the Dashang Group .

Dalian
Dalian
Port
Port
is an important port for international trade. It has established trading and shipping links with more than 300 ports in 160 countries and regions of the world. There are over 100 international and domestic container shipping routes. A harbor for oil tankers (the largest by tonnage in China), at the terminus of an oil pipeline from the Daqing oilfields , was completed in 1976. Dalian
Dalian
is the 6th largest port in China; and according to AAPA world port ranking data, Dalian
Dalian
is the 8th busiest port in the world by cargo tonnage in 2012, and the 12th busiest container port in the world by total number of TEUs handled in 2013. Accordingly, Dalian
Dalian
is a major center for oil refineries , diesel engineering, and chemical production.

Also completed in 1993 is a newer port called Dàyáowān Port (大窑湾港), on Dàgūshān (大孤山) Peninsula in the northern suburbs, specialising in import-export of mining and oil products. Together with the Dalian Railway Station , Dalian
Dalian
North Railway Station , Dalian International Airport and two major express roads to Shenyang ( Shenda Expressway ), Changchun
Changchun
(Changda Expressway ), Harbin (Hada Expressway ) in the north and to Dandong to the east, Dalian
Dalian
has been an important distribution centre. Xinghai CBD houses the headquarters of Dalian Commodity Exchange Donggang (Chinese : 东港; literally: "East Harbour") CBD houses the Dalian
Dalian
International Conference Center Dalian Hi-Tech Zone

INDUSTRIAL ZONES

Main article: Dalian Development Zone

Dalian
Dalian
has been given many benefits by the Chinese government, including the title of "open-city" (1984), which allows it to receive considerable foreign investment (see Special
Special
Economic Zone ). The Development Zone was established in Jinzhou District, to which many Japanese companies, such as Canon , Mitsubishi Electric , Nidec
Nidec
, Sanyo Electric and Toshiba
Toshiba
, followed by South Korean, American and European companies (such as Pfizer ). In 2007, Intel
Intel
announced plans to build a semiconductor fabrication facility (commonly known as a fab) in the Development Zone, Dalian. It is Intel's first fab to be built at an entirely new site since 1992. The facility began operation in October 2010. Dalian
Dalian
also houses auto-manufacturing plants for Chery , Dongfeng Nissan Passenger Vehicle Company, and BYD Automobile (a production base for BYD K9 electric buses ).

Other zones in the city include the Dalian
Dalian
Economic and Technological Development Zone , Dalian
Dalian
Export Processing Zone, Dalian
Dalian
Free Trade Zone, and Dalian
Dalian
Hi-Tech Industrial Zone .

FINANCIAL AND IT INDUSTRY

Main article: Dalian Hi-Tech Zone

Dalian
Dalian
is the financial centre of Northeast China
China
. There are the Dalian
Dalian
branches of China's five major banks: Bank of China
China
, Industrial "> Xinghai Square is the largest city square in the world

Dalian
Dalian
is a popular destination among domestic tourists and foreign visitors, especially from Japan, South Korea
Korea
and Russia. Its mild climate and multiple beaches as well as its importance in the modern history of China
China
have attracted tourists. Some of the most famous beaches are Jīnshítān Golden Coast (金石滩黄金海岸) beach, Fùjiāzhuāng (付家庄) beach, Bàngchuídǎo (棒棰岛) beach, Xīnghǎi Park (星海公园) beach, Xīnghǎi Bay (星海湾) beach, and Xiàjiāhézi (夏家河子) beach. In 2007, it was one of the three cities named "China's best tourist city", along with Hangzhou and Chengdu
Chengdu
, recognized by the National Tourism Administration and the United Nations World Tourism Organization . Grand Hyatt Dalian
Dalian
(left) and apartments at Xinghai Square Xinghai Square amusement park with the Castle Hotel in the background Xinghai Bay Bridge

FOUR INNER-CITY DISTRICTS

* Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Square

Originally designed by Russians in the 19th century, Zhongshan Square (中山广场) is especially noted for the several classical buildings located around the square built during the first half of the 20th century by the Japanese.

* Laohutan Ocean Park: the park contains the Polar Region Marine Animals World, the Coral Aquarium, and the World of Birds. The white whale and dolphin show is a major attraction in the Polar Region Marine Animals World. The Tigers Sculpture Square is nearby, whose tiger sculpture is the symbol of Tiger Beach (老虎滩; _Lǎohǔtān_). A retired _Anshan_-class destroyer _Taiyuan_ is open to visitors.

_ Dalian
Dalian
Laohutan Ocean Park

* Xinghai Square : situated at the Xinghai Bay, Xinghai Square (星海广场; "Square of the Sea of Stars") was built at the centennial of the City of Dalian
Dalian
(1998) and is the largest city square in the world . * Hēishíjiāo Geological Park and Dalian
Dalian
Natural History Museum * Sunasia Ocean World * Dalian
Dalian
Forest Zoo * Bangchuidao Scenic Area: a well-maintained park used as a State Guesthouse since 1960, the Bangchuidao Scenic Area is now open to the public with upgraded features including lavish greens, Chinese and western style villas, hot spring, tennis courts, badminton courts, a recreation center, a golf course and the Bangchuidao beach. The Bangchui Island (棒棰岛; Bàngchuí Dǎo_, named for an islet in the shape of an ancient washing tool Bangchui) can be seen from the beach. As a State Guesthouse, the scenic area has received numerous Chinese and foreign leaders and high profile officials, including Zhou Enlai , Deng Xiaoping
Deng Xiaoping
, Jiang Zemin , Hu Jintao , Henry Kissinger
Henry Kissinger
, Boris Yeltsin , Gerhard Schröder , Juan Antonio Samaranch and so on.

Play media Video showing Bangchuidao beach during winter season

* Dalian
Dalian
Sightseeing Tower

Dalian
Dalian
Sightseeing Tower, formerly Dalian
Dalian
Radio "> Dalian Modern Museum

* Dōnggǎng Music Fountain * Fùjiāzhuāng

JINZHOU DISTRICT AND DEVELOPMENT ZONE (IN THE NORTHERN SUBURBS)

* Dahei Mountain * Jinshitan National Holiday Resort and the Discoveryland (pinyin: _jinshitan l=Golden Pebble Beach_) is composed of eastern peninsula, western peninsula, open ground between two peninsulas and the ten-mile Golden Coast beach. Major sightseeing points include, Golden Pebble Waxworks Museum, Geological Museum, Coastal National Geopark, International Vehicle Campsite, Tang Dynasty
Tang Dynasty
Hot Spring Resort, Golden Rock Park, Wanfuding Park, China
China
Martial Arts Hall, Discoveryland Theme Park , Mao Zedong Badge Exhibition Hall, Model Movie & TV Art Center, Golden Pebble Hunting Club, Golden Pebble Equestrianism Base, Golden Pebble International Convention Center "> Hengshan Temple in Lüshunkou District
Lüshunkou District

THREE NORTHERN DISTRICT AND CITIES OF GREATER DALIAN

* Ānbō Hotspring and Ski Course (安波温泉滑雪场), in Pulandian District * Changxing Island International Golf Course, in Wafangdian * Bīngyùgōu (冰峪沟) Scenic Area and Bùyún Mountain Hot Spring (步云山温泉), in Zhuanghe * Islands of Changhai County

HOT SPRING AND SKI RESORTS

There are various hot spring hotels in Dalian. Notable ones include, Laotieshan Hot Spring Hotel in Lüshun, Tang Dynasty
Tang Dynasty
Hot Spring Resort in Jinshitan, Minghu Hot Spring Hotel in Wafangdian City, Chengyuan Hot Spring Villa in Ganjingzi District, and Tianmu Hot Spring Hotel in Lüshun.

Skiing has become increasingly popular in Dalian. Famous ski resorts are, Linhai Ski Resort in Ganjingzi District, Anbo Ski Resort in Pulandian District, Minghu Ski Resort "> Dalian Metro , Line 2 Dalian
Dalian
historical tramway, still used in a limited area of the city.

LOCAL TRANSPORTATION

Not many people ride bicycles in Dalian
Dalian
because of the hilly roads. Dalian
Dalian
is also one of the many cities in China
China
where there are few motorcycles, because motorcycle riding on most roads is banned by law. The city has a comprehensive bus system and an efficient metro system. As of November 2015, the Dalian Metro consists of the underground Line 1 , Line 2 , and the overground Line R2 and Line 3 . New lines and expansion of the metro system are under way. The Dalian Tram system is the second oldest in China. Most of the public transportation in the city can be accessed using the Mingzhu IC Card (明珠卡).

DOMESTIC AND INTERNATIONAL

Internal view of Dalian North Railway Station

In 2005 Dalian
Dalian
expanded the international airport, Dalian
Dalian
Zhoushuizi International Airport , with direct flights to the most major cities in China, and to some cities in Japan
Japan
, South Korea
Korea
and Russia
Russia
. In 2014, the airport was the 20th busiest airport in China
China
with 13,551,223 passengers. The airport is the hub of Dalian Airlines .

The city's location means that train trips to most Chinese cities outside China's northeastern region require changing trains in Beijing or Shanghai
Shanghai
. With the high-speed rail system , trips from Dalian
Dalian
to Shenyang can be completed in 1.5 hours, to Changchun
Changchun
2.5 hours and to Harbin
Harbin
3.5 hours. The city has two railway stations, namely Dalian Railway Station and Dalian North Railway Station (IATA : DBL), the latter being part of the Harbin–Dalian High-Speed Railway .

In addition to local and express bus services to Beijing
Beijing
and other areas in the northeast, Dalian
Dalian
is connected by passenger ship service to neighbouring coastal cities, including Tianjin
Tianjin
, Yantai , Weihai , Penglai and Dongying
Dongying
, as well as Incheon
Incheon
, South Korea
Korea
.

CULTURE

Dalian
Dalian
Peking Opera
Peking Opera
House

In 2006, Dalian
Dalian
was selected as the most liveable city in China according to _ China
China
Daily _.

DALIAN DIALECT

Main article: Dalian dialect

Standard Mandarin is usually spoken in Dalian
Dalian
because it is a city with people from various locations. But native Dalianites use a Dalian dialect , which belongs to the Jiao Liao Mandarin subgroup spoken in parts of Shandong
Shandong
and Liaoning
Liaoning
provinces. Most of the original Dalianites were farmers and fishermen who had come from Shandong Province in a large population move, the _ Chuang Guandong _, during which era Dalian
Dalian
was occupied by the Japanese as the Kwantung Leased Territory . The Dalian dialect incorporates a few loanwords from Japanese and Russian (very rare in Chinese), reflecting the history of foreign occupation.

CUISINE

Salted fish with corn cake Dalian
Dalian
Menzi, a popular local snack Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Art Museum

Dalian
Dalian
cuisine is a branch of Shandong
Shandong
cuisine , with influence from Northeastern Chinese cuisine , and is widely known for its unique style of seafood dishes. The variety of seafood in Dalian
Dalian
includes fish, prawns, clams, crabs, scallops, sea urchins, oysters, sea cucumbers, mussels, lobsters, conches , abalone , algae , razor clams , urechis unicinctus , mantis shrimps , jellyfish and so on.

Colorful snowflake scallops (五彩雪花扇贝) is a local seafood dish, where egg white is made into snowflake-shape to embrace the scallops, with seasonal greens, carrot and hot pepper cut into small pieces as decorations on top.

Another popular local dish is Salted fish with corn cake (咸鱼饼子), where steamed or fried corn cake is served with fried salted fish. Legend goes that, in the old days fishermen going out fishing in the morning couldn't return home to have lunch, so they baked fresh fish to eat with corn cakes, and the habit passed down from generation to generation and eventually became a famous food among local people.

Dalian
Dalian
Menzi (焖子) is a traditional local snack. A protein-rich starch paste coagulated from an extract of potatoes is cut into pieces and fried on a pan to create a crisp cover. A mixed seasoning of smashed garlic, sesame, and sauces is added on eating.

Other popular local specialties include Dalian-style grilled squid, seafood noodles, roast full prawns, salt baked conches, lantern-shaped steamed abalone, and so on.

SPORTS

China
China
Martial Arts Hall, at Jinshitan National Holiday Resort

Sports play a big role in the local culture. Dalian's former association football club, Dalian Shide
Dalian Shide
(formerly known as Dalian Wanda as the club was originally sponsored by the Dalian
Dalian
Wanda Group ), achieved a total of eight titles from China's top-tier football league, the Chinese Jia-A League and the later rebranded Chinese Super League , and was widely considered one of the most successful clubs in Chinese football history. In the Asian Football Confederation , the club reached the 1997–98 Asian Club Championship and 2000–01 Asian Cup Winners\' Cup finals. Several of China’s greatest players, including Sun Jihai , Hao Haidong and Li Ming , made their names with Dalian Shide
Dalian Shide
. Dalian
Dalian
also produced many top Chinese football players thanks to its youth training system and grassroots football culture. As of the 2014 season of the Chinese Super League , out of the 448 registered Chinese players, a total of 71 players are from Dalian. Therefore, Dalian
Dalian
earned its nickname of China's "Football City" (足球城), and a giant football statue was placed in the Labor Park near downtown Dalian
Dalian
in its honor. Current football clubs in the city are Dalian Yifang and Dalian Transcendence , which play in the country's 2nd-tier league, the China
China
League One . Their home stadiums are Dalian Sports Center Stadium and Jinzhou Stadium , respectively.

Some other popular sports played in Dalian
Dalian
are swimming, skiing, golf, cycling, bowling and billiards.

As part of the 2013 National Games of China
China
in Liaoning
Liaoning
in 2013, Dalian
Dalian
was a host city for 12 events, including synchronized swimming , field hockey , gymnastics , sailing and canoeing .

CITY-WIDE FESTIVALS AND EVENTS

Binhai Road is the main route for Dalian
Dalian
International Walking Festival. View of mountain on one side and sea on the other makes it a popular exercise destination for local people.

Xinghai Square , Dalian
Dalian
Xinghai Convention & Exhibitions Center, the Dalian
Dalian
World Expo Center and the hotels on Renmin Road are the main places where Dalian's major annual events are held.

Every year from January to February, the Bingyugou Ice Lantern Festival is held in Bingyugou Scenic Area in Zhuanghe City . The event features a large number of ice sculptures, snow sculptures and colorful ice lanterns. Visitors can also participate in a series of ice-sports including ice-skating, ice hockey and iceboating .

From late April to May, the Lüshun International Cherry Blossom Festival is held. The main site is 203 Hill , and the other site is Longwangtang Cherry Blossom Park . It is said that the very first cherry trees were planted by Japanese soldiers stationed in Lüshun during World War II
World War II
, in order to ease their homesickness. Today, the 203 Hill site has more than 3000 cherry trees, and boasts to be the largest cherry blossom park in China
China
with the most varieties.

Each May, the Dalian
Dalian
International Walking Festival takes place. The purpose of the festival is to foster health and peace for the whole community. It is widely popular among citizens and attracts many foreign participants. Dalian
Dalian
is the only city in China
China
recognized by the IML Walking Association . Four different routes of 30 kilometres (19 miles), 20 kilometres (12 miles), 10 kilometres (6.2 miles) and 5 kilometres (3.1 miles) are provided for participants, with the longest route going from Xinghai Square along Binhai Road to Laohutan Ocean Park, Bangchuidao Scenic Area and finally reaching Dalian International Conference Center. Starting from 2012, Jinshitan National Holiday Resort also serves as a venue for the festival.

Every May, Dalian International Marathon is held. With the first marathon held in 1987, it is one of the four oldest marathon races in China. The main venue is the Jinshitan National Holiday Resort.

Every June, the China
China
International Software & Information Service Fair is held in Dalian
Dalian
World Expo Center. Officials from overseas government departments, CEOs of World Top 500, well-known consulting firms and overseas IT associations attend the fair each year.

Dalian
Dalian
International Beer Festival takes place in Xinghai Square every year from July to August. It is similar to Oktoberfest
Oktoberfest
in Munich and is a widely popular event in the city. Activities of the Beer Festival include exhibitions by beer manufacturers, a beer disco plaza, a beer culture exhibition, a beer drinking contest, a photography contest, the Beer Industry Summit, and a beer quiz.

Dalian
Dalian
International Automotive Exhibition is held in August in Dalian
Dalian
Xinghai Convention & Exhibitions Center and Dalian
Dalian
World Expo Center.

The annual Dalian
Dalian
International Fashion Festival is held in September in Dalian
Dalian
Xinghai Convention & Exhibitions Center and Dalian
Dalian
World Expo Center. For the past decade, the festival has been attracting the world's top fashion designers, businessmen and models to Dalian. Arrangement for the show includes various theme activities including the Garment Export Fair, fashion exhibitions, fashion competitions and a model contest.

INTER-GOVERNMENTAL

Japan
Japan
maintains a branch office for its Consulate General of Japan
Japan
at Shenyang and a JETRO office in Dalian, reflecting a relatively large Japanese population.

Japan
Japan
Chamber of Commerce "> Those Japanese who had lived in Dalian before the War have organized the Dalian
Dalian
Society.

RELIGION

Lianhuashan (lit. "lotus flower mountain") Temple, Dalian
Dalian

As of 2005 , Dalian
Dalian
had 29 Christian churches (27 of them Protestant, 2 of them Catholic), 10 mosques, 34 Buddhist temples, and 7 Taoist temples, according to the statistics of the city government.

Taoist
Taoist
temples can be found in various districts including downtown Dalian
Dalian
(Hua Temple in Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Park), in Lüshunkou District (Longwang Temple), and in Jinzhou District (Jinlong Temple in Daweijia, Xiangshui Temple at the foot of Dahei Mountain , and Zhenwu Temple in Liangjiadian).

Buddhist temples are in downtown Dalian
Dalian
(Songshan Temple on Tangshan Street and Lianhuashan Temple on Yingchun Road), on the northern side of Anzi Mountain ( Anshan
Anshan
Temple), at Daheishi (Thousand-Hand Buddha "> Liu Changchun
Changchun
statue at Olympic Square, Dalian
Dalian

* Bo Xilai (薄熙来), former mayor, removed from Politburo under corruption charges. * Liu Changchun
Changchun
(刘长春), sprinter , first athlete to represent China
China
in competition at the Olympic Games. * Li Changchun
Changchun
, Chinese politician, former member of the Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China
China
. * Dong Jie (董洁), actress. * Yu Nan (余男), actress. * Xia Deren (夏德仁), former mayor from October 2006 to May 2009. * Xue Jiye (薛继业), painter and sculptor. * Bi Fujian (毕福剑), director, host and professor. * Lou Yixiao (娄艺潇), actress. * Sun Nan (孙楠), singer. * Sun Jihai (孙继海), footballer. * Lin Peng (林鹏), actress. * Li Yongbo (李永波), retired badminton player and current head coach of the China
China
National Badminton Team . * Lai Yawen (赖亚文), retired middle blocker and current assistant coach of the China
China
women\'s national volleyball team .

EDUCATION

There were 23 general institutions of higher education (and another 7 privately run colleges), 108 secondary vocational schools, 80 ordinary middle high schools, 1,049 schools for nine-year compulsory education and 1,432 kindergartens in Dalian. The students on campus of all levels (including kindergartens) totaled 1108 thousand.

There are the following schools of higher education and research centres:

COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES

* Dalian University of Technology (大连理工大学)(Project 985 , Project 211 ) * Dalian Maritime University (大连海事大学)( Project 211 ) * Dongbei University of Finance and Economics (东北财经大学) * Dalian Jiaotong University (大连交通大学) (Founded in 1956) * Dalian University of Foreign Languages
Dalian University of Foreign Languages
(大连外国语大学) * Liaoning
Liaoning
Normal University (辽宁师范大学) * Dalian Medical University (大连医科大学) (Founded in 1947) * Dalian University
Dalian University
(大连大学) * Dalian Nationalities University (大连民族大学) (Founded in 1997) * Dalian Naval Academy of the PLA Navy (中国人民解放军海军大连舰艇学院) * Dalian Ocean University (大连海洋大学) (Founded in 1952) * Dalian Polytechnic University (大连工业大学) * Dalian
Dalian
Neusoft University of Information (大连东软信息学院)

RESEARCH CENTRES

Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics
Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics
, of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

* Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics
Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics
(大连化学物理研究所 or 化物所), of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (中国科学院)

HIGH SCHOOLS

Notable high schools include:

* Dalian No. 24 High School (大连市第二十四中学) * Dalian Yuming Senior High School (大连育明高级中学) * Dalian No. 8 High School (大连市第八中学) * Dalian
Dalian
No. 1 High School (大连市第一中学), Founded in 1922 by Japanese. It was the first school institute in Dalian. * Dalian
Dalian
No. 12 High School (大连市第十二中学) * Dalian
Dalian
No. 36 High School (大连市第三十六中学) * The High School Affiliated to Liaoning
Liaoning
Normal University (辽宁师范大学附属中学) * The High School Attached to Dalian University
Dalian University
of Technology (大连理工大学附属高中) * Dalian
Dalian
Lüshun Senior High School (大连市旅顺中学) * Dalian
Dalian
Jinzhou Senior High School (大连市金州高级中学) * Dalian
Dalian
Jinzhou Senior High School (大连市金州高级中学) * Wafangdian Senior High School (瓦房店市高级中学)

INTERNATIONAL SCHOOLS

* Dalian Maple Leaf International School * Dalian
Dalian
Korean International School * Japanese School of Dalian * Dalian American International School

TWIN TOWNS AND SISTER CITIES

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in China
China

Dalian
Dalian
is twinned with:

* Adelaide
Adelaide
, Australia * Aomori , Japan
Japan
* Bahía Blanca , Argentina * Bremen , Germany
Germany
* Enschede , Netherlands * Glasgow
Glasgow
, UK * Incheon
Incheon
, South Korea

* Kitakyūshū
Kitakyūshū
, Fukuoka, Japan * Le Havre , France
France
* Maizuru, Kyoto , Japan * Oakland, California , USA * Ohrid , Macedonia * Rijeka
Rijeka
, Croatia * Rostock
Rostock
, Germany

* Salisbury, Maryland , USA * Szczecin
Szczecin
, Poland
Poland
* Vladivostok
Vladivostok
, Russia * Zaragoza
Zaragoza
, Spain * Sydney, Nova Scotia , Canada

Since 29 April 2008, Dalian
Dalian
has had a friendship city agreement with Dallas
Dallas
, United States.

SEE ALSO

PORTALS Access related topics

* _ CHINA PORTAL _

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Tour Online_. Retrieved 27 November 2014. * ^ "Laohutan Ocean Park". _Official website of Laohutan Ocean Park_. Retrieved 7 November 2014. * ^ 休闲运动 . _OFFICIAL WEBSITE OF DALIAN BANGCHUIDAO HOTEL_ (IN CHINESE). RETRIEVED 20 DECEMBER 2014. * ^ "Bangchui Island". _Focus on Dalian_. Retrieved 19 December 2014. * ^ 大连棒棰岛宾馆 . _BAIDU BAIKE_ (IN CHINESE). RETRIEVED 20 DECEMBER 2014. * ^ "Introduction to Jinshitan". _Official website of Jinshitan National Holiday Resort_. Retrieved 28 November 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ " Dalian
Dalian
Discoveryland Theme Park". _Official website of Jinshitan National Holiday Resort_. Retrieved 20 December 2014. * ^ "Museum Introduction". _Official website of Japanese and Russian Prison Site Museum in Lushun_. Retrieved 28 November 2014. * ^ 横山寺-大连-辽宁寺院. _佛教导航_ (IN CHINESE). RETRIEVED 9 DECEMBER 2014. * ^ _Focus on Dalian
Dalian
Issue 43_. Oriental Vision Communications Co., Ltd. Dalian. p. 27. Retrieved 28 November 2014. * ^ Yang, Chi-Jen (26 January 2010). "Launching strategy for electric vehicles: Lessons from China
China
and Taiwan" (PDF). _Technological Forecasting & Social Change_. 77. doi :10.1016/j.techfore.2010.01.010 . Retrieved 27 November 2014. * ^ 2014年民航机场吞吐量排名 (IN CHINESE). CIVIL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION OF CHINA. 3 APRIL 2015. ARCHIVED FROM THE ORIGINAL ON 19 APRIL 2015. RETRIEVED 3 APRIL 2015. * ^ Jing, Fu (3 January 2006). " Beijing
Beijing
drops out of top 10 \'best city\' list". China
China
Daily . * ^ Mikami, Yoshi (2002-06-27): The Dalian
Dalian
Dialect (in Chinese) * ^ " Dalian
Dalian
Cuisine". _Visit Our China_. Retrieved 25 November 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ " Dalian
Dalian
Dining". _Travel China
China
Guide_. Retrieved 25 November 2014. * ^ " Dalian
Dalian
Dining". _Tour-Beijing.com_. Retrieved 25 November 2014. * ^ van de Ven, Johan. "Death of an Institution: The Dalian
Dalian
Shide Story". _Wild East Football_. Retrieved 22 November 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ 没有中超咱大连仍是足球城 71连籍球员遍布中超. _网易体育_ (IN CHINESE). RETRIEVED 22 DECEMBER 2014. * ^ van de Ven, Johan. "CHINA’S "FOOTBALL CITY" FACING WIPEOUT – DALIAN AERBIN IN CRISIS". _Wild East Football_. Retrieved 22 December 2014. * ^ 全运会大连赛区正式赛12个项目大会 竞赛日程表. _OFFICIAL WEBSITE OF 2013 NATIONAL GAMES OF CHINA_ (IN CHINESE). RETRIEVED 19 DECEMBER 2014. * ^ "The Fairy Bingyu Valley Scenic Spot". _ China
China
Tour Advisors_. Retrieved 25 November 2014. * ^ 2014旅顺樱花节时间. _驴妈妈旅游网_ (IN CHINESE). RETRIEVED 25 NOVEMBER 2014. * ^ "Introduction to Dalian
Dalian
Walking Association". _Official website of Dalian
Dalian
Walking Association_. Retrieved 25 November 2014. * ^ 2014大连徒步大会时间、路线、地址及报名信息. _蚂蜂窝_ (IN CHINESE). RETRIEVED 25 NOVEMBER 2014. * ^ 大连国际马拉松 城市名片不可丢. _DL.SINA.COM.CN_ (IN CHINESE). 大连晚报. RETRIEVED 25 NOVEMBER 2014. * ^ "Why CISIS?". _CISIS official website_. Retrieved 25 November 2014. * ^ " Dalian
Dalian
Festivals". _beijing-travels.com_. Retrieved 25 November 2014. * ^ " Dalian
Dalian
International Auto Exhibition". _Official website of Dalian
Dalian
International Auto Exhibition_ (in Chinese). Retrieved 25 November 2014. * ^ "The 24th Fashion Carnival of Dalian
Dalian
International Fashion Festival". _ China
China
Exhibition_. Retrieved 25 November 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ "《宗教概况》". Dalian: Ethnic Affairs Commission. Retrieved 11 September 2010 * ^ Lippincott, Jonathan (2006). _The World is Flat_. New York, New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. p. 34. ISBN 0-374-29279-5 . * ^ "Taiwan\'s logistics giant Evergreen Int\'l Corp to expand investments in Dalian". What's on Dalian. Retrieved 14 June 2012. * ^ "International Exchange". _List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures_. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Retrieved 8 December 2015. * ^ Frohmader, Andrea. "Bremen - Referat 32 Städtepartnerschaften / Internationale Beziehungen" . _Das Rathaus Bremen Senatskanzlei _ (in German). Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 9 August 2013. * ^ Florence, Jeanne. " Le Havre - Les villes jumelées" (in French). Retrieved 7 August 2013. * ^ " Le Havre - Les villes jumelées" . _City of Le Havre_ (in French). Archived from the original on 29 July 2013. Retrieved 7 August 2013. * ^ "Kontakty partnerskie Miasta Szczecin". _Urząd Miasta Szczecin_ (in Polish). Archived from the original on 18 August 2012. Retrieved 29 July 2013. * ^ Dallas
Dallas
mayor inks friendship pact with North China
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BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Kuramoto, Kazuko. _Manchurian Legacy: Memoirs of a Japanese Colonist_, 1st edition. Michigan State University Press. 1 October 1999. ISBN 0-87013-510-4 , ISBN 978-0-87013-510-1 , ISBN 0-87013-725-5 , ISBN 978-0-87013-725-9 .

FURTHER READING

* Hess, Christian A. (2006). "From colonial jewel to socialist metropolis: Dalian, 1895—1955." Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, San Diego. * McKnight, Tom, (ed.). _Geographica: The Complete Illustrated Atlas of the World_, 3rd revision. New York: Barnes and Noble Books, 2001. ISBN 0-7607-5974-X , ISBN 978-0-7607-2714-0 . * Perrins, Robert John (1998). "'Great connections': The creation of a city, Dalian, 1905–1931. China
China
and Japan
Japan
on the Liaodong Peninsula." Ph.D. dissertation, York University (Canada). * Song Li. _Everyday Dalian: Life In Modern Manchuria_ (Photography Book), Foreword by Phil Borges. 1st edition. DigitalKu. 8 February 2008. ISBN 0-9763168-5-4 , ISBN 978-0-9763168-5-5 . * Theiss, Frank. _The Voyage of Forgotten Men_, 1st Ed. Indianapolis ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Liaoning
Liaoning
topics

Shenyang (capital )

GENERAL

* History * Politics * Economy

GEOGRAPHY

* Cities * Changbai Mountains * Qianshan Mountains * Liao River * Liaodong Peninsula

EDUCATION

* Liaoning
Liaoning
University * Liaoning
Liaoning
Normal University * Northeastern University * Dalian University
Dalian University

CULTURE

* Cuisine * Manchu People

VISITOR ATTRACTIONS

* Mukden Palace * Early Qing Tombs * Wunu Mountain City * Anshan Jade Buddha * Bijia Mountain * Dalian

* CATEGORY * COMMONS

* v * t * e

County-level divisions of Liaoning
Liaoning
Province

Shenyang (capital )

SUB-PROVINCIAL CITIES

SHENYANG

* Shenhe District * Huanggu District * Heping District * Dadong District * Tiexi District * Sujiatun District * Hunnan District
Hunnan District
* Shenbei New Area * Yuhong District * Liaozhong District * Xinmin City * Faku County * Kangping County

DALIAN

* Xigang District * Zhongshan
Zhongshan
District * Shahekou District * Ganjingzi District * Lüshunkou District
Lüshunkou District
* Jinzhou District * Pulandian District * Wafangdian City * Zhuanghe City * Changhai County

PREFECTURE-LEVEL CITIES

ANSHAN

* Tiedong District * Tiexi District * Lishan District * Qianshan District * Haicheng City * Tai\'an County * Xiuyan Autonomous County

FUSHUN

* Shuncheng District * Xinfu District * Dongzhou District * Wanghua District * Fushun County * Xinbin Autonomous County * Qingyuan Autonomous County

BENXI

* Pingshan District * Xihu District * Mingshan District * Nanfen District * Benxi Autonomous County * Huanren Autonomous County

DANDONG

* Zhenxing District * Yuanbao District
Yuanbao District
* Zhen\'an District * Fengcheng City * Donggang City * Kuandian Autonomous County

JINZHOU

* Taihe District
Taihe District
* Guta District * Linghe District
Linghe District
* Linghai City * Beizhen
Beizhen
City * Heishan County
Heishan County
* Yi County

YINGKOU

* Zhanqian District * Xishi District * Bayuquan District * Laobian District * Dashiqiao City * Gaizhou City

FUXIN

* Haizhou District * Xinqiu District * Taiping District * Qinghemen District * Xihe District * Zhangwu County * Fuxin Autonomous County

LIAOYANG

* Baita District * Wensheng District * Hongwei District * Gongchangling District * Taizihe District * Dengta City * Liaoyang
Liaoyang
County

PANJIN

* Xinglongtai District * Shuangtaizi District
Shuangtaizi District
* Dawa District * Panshan County

TIELING

* Yinzhou District * Qinghe District * Diaobingshan City * Kaiyuan City * Tieling County * Xifeng County * Changtu County

CHAOYANG

* Shuangta District * Longcheng District
Longcheng District
* Beipiao City * Lingyuan City * Chaoyang County * Jianping County * Harqin Autonomous County

HULUDAO

* Longgang District * Lianshan District
Lianshan District
* Nanpiao District * Xingcheng City * Suizhong County * Jianchang County

* v * t * e

Metropolitan cities of China
China

MAJOR METROPOLITAN REGIONS

* Jingjinji (JJJ) * Pearl River Delta (PRD) / Yuegang\'ao Greater Bay Area * Yangtze River Delta (YRD)

* Central Plain (Zhongyuan) * Chengyu * Cross-Strait Western Coast * Guanzhong * Mid-Southern Liaoning
Liaoning
* Shandong Peninsula * Yangtze River Mid-Reaches (Yangtze River Valley)

MAJOR CITIES

NATIONAL CENTRAL CITIES

* Beijing
Beijing
a * Chongqing
Chongqing
a * Guangzhou
Guangzhou
b2 * Shanghai
Shanghai
a2 * Tianjin
Tianjin
a2

SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGIONS

* Hong Kong
Hong Kong
* Macau
Macau

REGIONAL CENTRAL CITIES

* Chengdu
Chengdu
b * Nanjing
Nanjing
b * Shenyang b * Shenzhen
Shenzhen
c1 * Wuhan
Wuhan
b * Xi\'an b

SUB-PROVINCIAL CITIES

* Changchun
Changchun
b * Chengdu
Chengdu
b * Dalianc2 * Guangzhou
Guangzhou
b2 * Hangzhou
Hangzhou
b * Harbin
Harbin
b * Jinan
Jinan
b * Nanjing
Nanjing
b * Ningbo c2 * Qingdao
Qingdao
c2 * Shenyang b * Shenzhen
Shenzhen
c1 * Wuhan
Wuhan
b * Xiamen
Xiamen
c1 * Xi\'an b

Provincial capitals (Prefecture-level )

* Changsha * Fuzhou 2 * Guiyang * Haikou
Haikou
* Hefei * Kunming
Kunming
* Lanzhou
Lanzhou
* Nanchang
Nanchang
* Shijiazhuang * Taiyuan * Xining
Xining
* Zhengzhou
Zhengzhou
* _Taibei _5

AUTONOMOUS REGIONAL CAPITALS

* Hohhot * Lhasa * Nanning * Ürümqi * Yinchuan

COMPARATIVELY LARGE CITIES

* Anshan
Anshan
* Baotou * Benxi * Datong * Fushun * Handan
Handan
* Huainan * Jilin
Jilin
* Luoyang
Luoyang
* Suzhou
Suzhou
* Tangshan * Qiqihar * Wuxi * Xuzhou * Zibo

PREFECTURE-LEVEL CITIES BY PROVINCE

HEBEI

* Shijiazhuang* * Tangshan* * Qinhuangdao
Qinhuangdao
2 * Handan* * Xingtai * Baoding * Zhangjiakou * Chengde * Cangzhou
Cangzhou
* Langfang * Hengshui

SHANXI

* Taiyuan* * Datong* * Yangquan * Changzhi * Jincheng * Shuozhou * Jinzhong * Yuncheng * Xinzhou * Linfen * Lüliang

INNER MONGOLIA

* Hohhot* * Baotou* * Wuhai
Wuhai
* Chifeng * Tongliao * Ordos * Hulunbuir
Hulunbuir
* Bayannur * Ulanqab

LIAONING

* Shenyang* * Dalian* * Anshan* * Fushun* * Benxi* * Dandong * Jinzhou * Yingkou * Fuxin * Liaoyang
Liaoyang
* Panjin * Tieling * Chaoyang * Huludao

JILIN

* Changchun* * Jilin * Siping * Liaoyuan * Tonghua * Baishan * Songyuan * Baicheng

HEILONGJIANG

* Harbin* * Qiqihar* * Jixi
Jixi
* Hegang * Shuangyashan * Daqing * Yīchun * Jiamusi * Qitaihe * Mudanjiang * Heihe
Heihe
* Suihua

JIANGSU

* Nanjing* * Wuxi* * Xuzhou* * Changzhou
Changzhou
* Suzhou* * Nantong * Lianyungang 2 * Huai\'an * Yancheng * Yangzhou
Yangzhou
* Zhenjiang * Tàizhou * Suqian

ZHEJIANG

* Hangzhou* * Ningbo* * Wenzhou 2 * Jiaxing * Huzhou * Shaoxing * Jinhua * Quzhou * Zhoushan * Tāizhou * Lìshui

ANHUI

* Hefei* * Wuhu * Bengbu * Huainan* * Ma\'anshan * Huaibei * Tongling * Anqing * Huangshan * Chuzhou
Chuzhou
* Fùyang * Sùzhou * Lu\'an * Bozhou * Chizhou * Xuancheng

FUJIAN

* Fúzhou* * Xiamen* * Putian * Sanming
Sanming
* Quanzhou * Zhangzhou * Nanping
Nanping
* Longyan * Ningde
Ningde

JIANGXI

* Nanchang* * Jingdezhen
Jingdezhen
* Píngxiang * Jiujiang
Jiujiang
* Xinyu * Yingtan * Ganzhou * Jí\'ān * Yíchun * Fǔzhou * Shangrao

SHANDONG

* Jinan* * Qingdao* * Zibo* * Zaozhuang * Dongying
Dongying
* Yantai 2 * Weifang
Weifang
* Jĭning * Tai\'an * Weihai * Rizhao
Rizhao
* Laiwu * Linyi
Linyi
* Dezhou * Liaocheng * Binzhou * Heze
Heze

HENAN

* Zhengzhou* * Kaifeng
Kaifeng
* Luoyang* * Pingdingshan * Anyang * Hebi
Hebi
* Xinxiang * Jiaozuo * Puyang * Xuchang * Luohe * Sanmenxia * Nanyang * Shangqiu * Xinyang * Zhoukou * Zhumadian

HUBEI

* Wuhan* * Huangshi * Shiyan * Yichang
Yichang
* Xiangyang * Ezhou
Ezhou
* Jingmen * Xiaogan * Jinzhou * Huanggang * Xianning
Xianning
* Suizhou

HUNAN

* Changsha* * Zhuzhou * Xiangtan * Hengyang
Hengyang
* Shaoyang * Yueyang * Changde * Zhangjiajie
Zhangjiajie
* Yiyang * Chenzhou * Yongzhou * Huaihua * Loudi

GUANGDONG

* Guangzhou* * Shaoguan * Shenzhen* * Zhuhai
Zhuhai
1 * Shantou 1 * Foshan * Jiangmen * Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
2 * Maoming * Zhaoqing * Huizhou * Meizhou * Shanwei * Heyuan
Heyuan
* Yangjiang * Qingyuan * Dongguan
Dongguan
* Zhongshan
Zhongshan
* Chaozhou * Jieyang * Yunfu

GUANGXI

* Nanning* * Liuzhou
Liuzhou
* Guilin * Wuzhou
Wuzhou
* Beihai
Beihai
2 * Fangchenggang * Qinzhou * Guigang * Yùlin * Baise * Hezhou * Hechi
Hechi
* Laibin * Chongzuo

HAINAN 1

* Haikou* * Sanya * Sansha 4 * Danzhou
Danzhou

SICHUAN

* Chengdu* * Zigong
Zigong
* Panzhihua * Luzhou * Deyang * Mianyang * Guangyuan * Suining
Suining
* Neijiang * Leshan
Leshan
* Nanchong * Meishan * Yibin * Guang\'an * Dazhou * Ya\'an * Bazhong * Ziyang

GUIZHOU

* Guiyang* * Liupanshui * Zunyi * Anshun * Bijie * Tongren

YUNNAN

* Kunming* * Qujing * Yuxi * Baoshan * Zhaotong * Lìjiang * Pu\'er * Lincang

TIBET

* Lhasa* * Shigatse * Chamdo * Nyingchi
Nyingchi
* Shannan

SHAANXI

* Xi'an* * Tongchuan * Baoji
Baoji
* Xianyang * Weinan * Yan\'an * Hanzhong * Yúlin * Ankang
Ankang
* Shangluo

GANSU

* Lanzhou* * Jiayuguan * Jinchang
Jinchang
* Baiyin * Tianshui * Wuwei * Zhangye * Pingliang * Jiuquan * Qingyang * Dingxi * Longnan

QINGHAI

* Xining* * Haidong

NINGXIA

* Yinchuan* * Shizuishan * Wuzhong * Guyuan * Zhongwei

XINJIANG

* Ürümqi* * Karamay
Karamay
* Turpan
Turpan
* Hami

_TAIWAN _5

* _(none)_

OTHER CITIES (PARTLY SHOWN BELOW)

Prefecture-level capitals (County-level)

* ( Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
: Ulanhot * Xilinhot ) * Jiagedaqi 3, Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
* Enshi , Hubei
Hubei
* Jishou , Hunan
Hunan
* ( Sichuan
Sichuan
Xichang * Kangding * Barkam ) * ( Guizhou
Guizhou
: Xingyi * Kaili * Duyun
Duyun
) * ( Yunnan
Yunnan
: Chuxiong * Mengzi * Wenshan * Jinghong
Jinghong
* Dali * Mang * Shangri-La * Lushui ) * ( Gansu
Gansu
: Linxia * Hezuo ) * ( Qinghai : Yushu * Delingha ) * ( Xinjiang
Xinjiang
: Changji * Bole * Korla * Yining * Artux * Aksu * Kashgar 1 * Hotan * Tacheng * Altay )

Province-governed cities (Sub-prefecture-level)

* Jiyuan , Henan * ( Hubei
Hubei
: Xiantao * Qiánjiang * Tianmen * Shennongjia ) * ( Hainan
Hainan
1: Wuzhishan * Qionghai * Wenchang
Wenchang
* Wanning * Dongfang ) * ( Xinjiang
Xinjiang
- XPCC(Bingtuan) cities : Shihezi * Aral * Tumxuk
Tumxuk
* Wujiaqu
Wujiaqu
* Beitun * Tiemenguan * Shuanghe * Kokdala * Kunyu )

FORMER PREFECTURE-LEVEL CITIES

* Chaohu , Anhui
Anhui
* Yumen , Gansu
Gansu
* Dongchuan , Yunnan
Yunnan
* Shashi , Hubei
Hubei
* ( Sichuan
Sichuan
: Fuling * Wanxian ) * ( Jilin
Jilin
: Meihekou * Gongzhuling )

Sub-prefecture-level cities (Prefecture-governed)

* Qian\'an, Hebei
Hebei
* Manzhouli, Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
* Erenhot, Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
* Golmud, Qinghai

COUNTY-LEVEL CITIES BY PROVINCE

HEBEI

* Xinji * Jinzhou * Xinle * Zunhua * Qian'an* * Wu\'an * Nangong * Shahe * Zhuozhou * Dingzhou * Anguo * Gaobeidian * Botou * Renqiu * Huanghua * Hejian * Bazhou * Sanhe * Shenzhou

SHANXI

* Gujiao * Lucheng * Gaoping * Jiexiu * Yongji * Hejin * Yuanping * Houma * Huozhou * Xiaoyi * Fenyang

INNER MONGOLIA

* Holingol * Manzhouli* * Yakeshi * Zhalantun * Ergun * Genhe * Fengzhen * Ulanhot* * Arxan
Arxan
* Erenhot* * Xilinhot*

LIAONING

* Xinmin * Wafangdian * Zhuanghe * Haicheng * Donggang * Fengcheng * Linghai * Beizhen
Beizhen
* Gaizhou * Dashiqiao * Dengta * Diaobingshan * Kaiyuan * Beipiao * Lingyuan * Xingcheng

JILIN

* Yushu * Dehui * Jiaohe * Huadian * Shulan * Panshi * Gongzhuling * Shuangliao * Meihekou * Ji\'an * Linjiang * Fuyu * Taonan * Da\'an * Yanji * Tumen * Dunhua
Dunhua
* Hunchun * Longjing * Helong

HEILONGJIANG

* Shangzhi * Wuchang * Nehe
Nehe
* Hulin * Mishan * Tieli * Tongjiang * Fujin * Fuyuan * Suifenhe * Hailin * Ning\'an * Muling * Dongning * Bei\'an * Wudalianchi * Anda * Zhaodong
Zhaodong
* Hailun

JIANGSU

* Jiangyin * Yixing * Xinyi * Pizhou * Liyang * Changshu * Zhangjiagang * Kunshan
Kunshan
* Taicang * Qidong * Rugao * Haimen * Dongtai
Dongtai
* Yizheng * Gaoyou * Danyang * Yangzhong * Jurong * Jingjiang
Jingjiang
* Taixing * Xinghua

ZHEJIANG

* Jiande * Lin\'an * Yuyao * Cixi * Fenghua * Rui\'an * Yueqing * Haining * Pinghu * Tongxiang * Zhuji * Shengzhou * Lanxi * Yiwu * Dongyang
Dongyang
* Yongkang * Jiangshan * Wenling * Linhai * Longquan

ANHUI

* Chaohu * Jieshou * Tongcheng * Tianchang * Mingguang * Ningguo

FUJIAN

* Fuqing * Changle
Changle
* Yong\'an * Shishi * Jinjiang * Nan\'an * Longhai * Shaowu * Wuyishan * Jian\'ou * Zhangping * Fu\'an * Fuding

JIANGXI

* Leping * Ruichang * Gongqingcheng * Lushan * Guixi * Ruijin
Ruijin
* Jinggangshan * Fengcheng * Zhangshu * Gao\'an * Dexing

SHANDONG

* Zhangqiu * Jiaozhou * Jimo
Jimo
* Pingdu * Laixi * Tengzhou * Longkou * Laiyang * Laizhou * Penglai * Zhaoyuan * Qixia * Haiyang * Qingzhou
Qingzhou
* Zhucheng * Shouguang * Anqiu
Anqiu
* Gaomi * Changyi * Qufu
Qufu
* Zoucheng * Xintai * Feicheng
Feicheng
* Rongcheng * Rushan * Laoling * Yucheng * Linqing

HENAN

* Gongyi * Xingyang * Xinmi * Xinzheng * Dengfeng * Yanshi * Wugang * Ruzhou * Linzhou * Weihui * Huixian * Qinyang * Mengzhou * Yuzhou * Changge * Yima * Lingbao * Dengzhou * Yongcheng * Xiangcheng * Jiyuan*

HUBEI

* Daye * Danjiangkou * Yidu * Dangyang * Zhijiang * Laohekou * Zaoyang * Yicheng * Zhongxiang
Zhongxiang
* Yingcheng * Anlu * Hanchuan * Shishou * Honghu
Honghu
* Songzi * Macheng * Wuxue * Chibi * Guangshui * Enshi* * Lichuan * Xiantao* * Qianjiang* * Tianmen*

HUNAN

* Liuyang * Liling * Xiangxiang * Shaoshan * Leiyang * Changning * Wugang * Miluo * Linxiang * Jinshi * Yuanjiang * Zixing
Zixing
* Hongjiang * Lengshuijiang * Lianyuan
Lianyuan
* Jishou*

GUANGDONG

* Lechang * Nanxiong * Taishan * Kaiping * Heshan * Enping * Lianjiang * Leizhou * Wuchuan * Gaozhou * Huazhou * Xinyi * Sihui * Xingning * Lufeng * Yangchun * Yingde * Lianzhou * Puning
Puning
* Luoding

GUANGXI

* Cenxi * Dongxing * Guiping * Beiliu * Jingxi * Yizhou * Heshan * Pingxiang

HAINAN

* Wuzhishan* * Qionghai* * Wenchang* * Wanning* * Dongfang*

SICHUAN

* Dujiangyan * Pengzhou * Qionglai * Chongzhou
Chongzhou
* Jianyang * Guanghan * Shifang * Mianzhu * Jiangyou * Emeishan * Langzhong * Huaying * Wanyuan * Barkam* * Kangding* * Xichang*

GUIZHOU

* Qingzhen * Chishui * Renhuai * Xingyi* * Kaili* * Duyun* * Fuquan

YUNNAN

* Anning * Xuanwei * Tengchong * Chuxiong* * Mengzi* * Gejiu * Kaiyuan * Mile * Wenshan* * Jinghong* * Dali* * Ruili * Mang* * Lushui* * Shangri-La*

TIBET

* (none)

SHAANXI

* Xingping
Xingping
* Hancheng * Huayin

GANSU

* Yumen * Dunhuang
Dunhuang
* Linxia* * Hezuo*

QINGHAI

* Yushu* * Golmud* * Delingha*

NINGXIA

* Lingwu * Qingtongxia

XINJIANG

* Changji* * Fukang * Bole* * Alashankou * Korla* * Aksu* * Artux* * Kashgar* * Hotan* * Yining* * Kuytun * Korgas * Tacheng* * Wusu
Wusu
* Altay* * Shihezi* * Aral* * Tumxuk* * Wujiaqu* * Beitun* * Tiemenguan* * Shuanghe* * Kokdala* * Kunyu*

_TAIWAN _5

* _(none)_

NOTES

* Indicates this city has already occurred above.

aDirect-controlled Municipalities
Municipalities
. bSub-provincial cities as provincial capitals . cSeparate state-planning cities . 1Special Economic Zone Cities . 2Coastal development cities . 3Prefecture capital status established by Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Province and not recognized by Ministry of Civil Affairs. Disputed by Oroqen Autonomous Banner , Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
as part of it. 4Only administers islands and waters in South China
China
Sea and have no urban core comparable to typical cities in China. 5The claimed province of Taiwan
Taiwan
no longer have any internal division announced by Ministry of Civil Affairs of PRC, due to lack of actual jurisdiction. See Template:Administrative divisions of the Republic of China
China
instead. All provincial capitals are listed first in prefecture-level cities by province.

* v * t * e

Economic Development Zones of China
China

SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES

* Shenzhen
Shenzhen
* Zhuhai
Zhuhai
* Shantou * Xiamen
Xiamen
* Kashgar * Hainan
Hainan
Province

NEW OPEN DEVELOPMENT ZONES

* Dalian * Qingdao
Qingdao
* Qinhuangdao
Qinhuangdao
* Lianyungang * Pudong
Pudong
* Yantai * Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
* Ningbo * Wenzhou * Nantong * Fuzhou * Guangzhou
Guangzhou
* Beihai
Beihai
* Shuyang
Shuyang

* v * t * e

Largest cities or towns in China
China
Sixth National Population Census of the People\'s Republic of China (2010)

RANK NAME PROVINCE POP. RANK NAME PROVINCE POP.

Shanghai
Shanghai

Beijing
Beijing
1 Shanghai
Shanghai
Shanghai
Shanghai
20,217,700 11 Foshan Guangdong
Guangdong
6,771,900

Chongqing
Chongqing

Guangzhou
Guangzhou

2 Beijing
Beijing
Beijing
Beijing
16,858,700 12 Nanjing
Nanjing
Jiangsu
Jiangsu
6,238,200

3 Chongqing
Chongqing
Chongqing
Chongqing
12,389,500 13 Shenyang Liaoning
Liaoning
5,890,700

4 Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Guangdong
Guangdong
10,641,400 14 Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Zhejiang
Zhejiang
5,578,300

5 Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Guangdong
Guangdong
10,358,400 15 Xi\'an Shaanxi
Shaanxi
5,399,300

6 Tianjin
Tianjin
Tianjin
Tianjin
10,007,700 16 Harbin
Harbin
Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
5,178,000

7 Wuhan
Wuhan
Hubei
Hubei
7,541,500 17 Dalian Liaoning
Liaoning
4,222,400

8 Dongguan
Dongguan
Guangdong
Guangdong
7,271,300 18 Suzhou
Suzhou
Jiangsu
Jiangsu
4,083,900

9 Chengdu
Chengdu
Sichuan
Sichuan
7,112,000 19 Qingdao
Qingdao
Shandong
Shandong
3,990,900

10 Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Hong Kong
7,055,071 20 Zhengzhou
Zhengzhou
Henan 3,677,000

* v * t * e

Bohai Economic Rim
Bohai Economic Rim
Region

List of major cities and ports in the BER region

MUNICIPALITIES

* Beijing
Beijing

* Tianjin
Tianjin

* Binhai

HEBEI PROVINCE

* Qinhuangdao
Qinhuangdao
* Chengde * Tangshan * Shijiazhuang * Cangzhou
Cangzhou
* Langfang * Baoding * Zhangjiakou

LIAONING PROVINCE

* Dalian
Dalian

* Lüshun

* Shenyang * Huludao * Jinzhou * Yingkou * Anshan
Anshan
* Panjin

SHANDONG PROVINCE

* Qingdao
Qingdao
* Jinan
Jinan
* Weihai * Weifang