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The Daijō-daijin
Daijō-daijin
or Dajō-daijin[1] (太政大臣, Chancellor of the Realm) was the head of the Daijō-kan
Daijō-kan
(Department of State) in Heian Japan
Japan
and briefly under the Meiji Constitution. Equivalent to the Chinese Taishi (太師) (Grand Preceptor).

Contents

1 History 2 Functions 3 List of the Chancellors of the Realm 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References

History[edit] Emperor Tenji's favorite son, Prince Ōtomo, was the first to have been accorded the title of Daijō-daijin
Daijō-daijin
during the reign of his father.[2] The Asuka Kiyomihara Code of 689 marks the initial appearance of the Daijō Daijin in the context of a central administrative body composed of the three ministers: the Daijō Daijin (Chancellor), the Sadaijin
Sadaijin
(Minister of the Left), and the Udaijin (Minister of the Right). These positions were consolidated under the Code of Taihō
Code of Taihō
in 702.[3] As the Fujiwara clan—which dominated the regency—gained influence, the official government offices diminished in power. By the 10th century, chancellors had no power to speak of unless they were simultaneously regent, or otherwise supported by the Fujiwara. Although the position continued in name until 1885, by the beginning of the 12th century, the office was essentially powerless, and was often vacant for lengthy periods.[4] Substantial administrative power over the government was in other hands. This prominent office was briefly resurrected under the Meiji Constitution with the appointment of Sanjō Sanetomi
Sanjō Sanetomi
in 1871, before being abolished completely in 1885 in favour of the newly created office of Prime Minister of Japan. Functions[edit] The Chancellor presided over the Great Council of State, and controlled the officers of the state, in particular the Sadaijin
Sadaijin
and Udaijin, as well as four great councillors and three minor councillors. The ministers in turn controlled other elements of the government. List of the Chancellors of the Realm[edit]

List of Daijō-daijin

See also[edit]

Kugyō Sesshō and Kampaku Kōkyū Kuge Imperial Household Agency

Notes[edit]

^ Kenkyusha's New Japanese-English Dictionary, Kenkyusha Limited, ISBN 4-7674-2015-6 ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 53. ^ Hall, John Whitney et al.. (1993). The Cambridge History of Japan, p. 232. ^ Dickson, Walter G. et al.. (1898). "The Eight Boards of Government" in Japan, p. 60., p. 60, at Google Books

References[edit]

(in Japanese) Asai, T. (1985). Nyokan Tūkai. Tokyo: Kōdansha. Dickenson, Walter G. (1869). Japan: Being a Sketch of the History, Government and Officers of the Empire. London: W. Blackwood and Sons. OCLC 10716445 Ozaki, Yukio. (2001). The Autobiography of Ozaki Yukio: The Struggle for Constitutional Government in Japan. [Translated by Fujiko Hara]. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-05095-3 (cloth) (in Japanese) Ozaki, Yukio. (1955). Ozak Gakudō Zenshū. Tokyo: Kōronsha. Hall, John Whitney, Delmer M. Brown and Kozo Yamamura. (1993). The Cambridge History of Japan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-22352-2 Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC
OCLC
194887 Sansom, George (1958). A History of Japan
History of Japan
to 1334. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Screech, Timon. (2006). Secret Memoirs of the Shoguns: Isaac Titsingh and Japan, 1779-1822. London: Routledge Curzon. ISBN 0-7007-1720-X (in French) Titsingh, Isaac, ed. (1834). [Siyun-sai Rin-siyo/Hayashi Gahō, 1652], Nipon o daï itsi ran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. Varley, H. Paul , ed. (1980). [ Kitabatake Chikafusa, 1359], Jinnō Shōtōki ("A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki
Jinnō Shōtōki
of Kitabatake Chikafusa" translated by H. Paul Varley). New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN&

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