The Nyishi are the largest ethnic group in
1 Economy 2 Attire 3 Religion 4 The hornbill issue 5 References 6 External links
Economy The Nyishi are agriculturalists who practice jhum, known as rag in Nishi, which is a form of shifting cultivation. The principal crops raised include paddy (unmilled rice), tapio (maize), mekung (cucumber), takie (ginger), aange (yams) and temi (millet). Rice is the staple food of the people, supplemented by fish, meat of various animals, edible tubers and leafy vegetables. Before a Western market economic system arrived, they used a barter system. They greatly valued the generalized reciprocity and also balance reciprocity in their economic system. A locally-made drink known as apong (the two types of apong: pone, made of rice, and poling which is made of millet) is served at every social gatherings and important events. The Nyishis are typically fond of it. Traditional ways of preparing them include steaming, roasting and smoking. Recently they have been forced to move towards a market based exchange economy. Attire
Nyishi head gear
Traditionally, Nyishi plaited their hair and tie it neatly at the forehead with Tibetan thread. A brass skewer passes horizontally through the tied hair. Cane rings were worn around the waist, arms and legs. Men wore a cane helmet surmounted with the beak of the great Indian hornbill. The usage of actual hornbill beaks is discouraged these days due to tough wildlife protection laws since the great Indian hornbill is a protected species and generally due to growing awareness among the people as well. Nowadays It is being supplemented by beaks made of cane or other materials and the entire headgear/cane helmet itself is readily available in the market for purchase. Additional decorations varied depending upon the status of the person and were symbols of manly valor. The clothing of the men consists of sleeveless shirts made from thick cotton cloth, striped gaily with blue and red together with a mantle of cotton or wool fastened around the throat and shoulders. Strings made of beads in varying sizes and colours were also worn, mainly for decoration purposes and to show the wearer's status. They also carry a Machete called dao (uriuk, chiighee in Nyishi) (short sword) and a knife (Ryukchak) in a bamboo sheath that are mostly covered with animal furs. Their armament consists of spear with iron-head, a large sword (dao), and a bow and arrows which are tipped with poison (umiyu). During war both the chest and back are covered with shields made from sabbe buffalo hide, and over it they wear a black cloak made of indigenous fibre. The Nyishi women generally wear a sleeveless mantle of striped or plain cloth, its upper part tucked tightly over the breast and enveloping the body from the armpits to the centre of the calves. A ribbon is tied at the waist. A girdle consisting of metal disks and cane garters is worn at the waist. Their hair is parted in the middle, plaited and tied into a chignon just above the nape. Their ornaments include multicolored bead necklaces, brass chains, metal bells, huge brass or silver earrings and heavy bracelets of various metals. Religion
A festival of the Nyishi tribe of Arunachal Pradesh, India.
Nyokum is the festival celebrated by the Nyishi people, which
commemorates their ancestors.
Most Nyishis have been converted to
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nyishi people.
Glimpses Of Arunachal Pradesh Nyishi Nyub Priests North East Frontier From a Cocoon, with Hope Ethnologue profile, old profile
v t e
Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh
Scheduled tribes (Recognised by government)
Aka (Hruso) Apa Tani Ashing Bori Chikum Dui Deori Digaro Mishmi Galo/Gallong Hill Miri Khamba Khamti Khamyang Bugun (Khowa) Lisu Padam Palibo Phake Memba Monpa Miji Mikir (Karbi) Minyong Miju Mishmi (Kaman) Mishing Nishi Nocte Nga Ran Sherdukpen Singpho Sulung Takpa Tangsa Tutsa Wancho Zekhring
Other tribes (Not recognised by government)