DO IT YOURSELF (DIY) is the method of building, modifying, or repairing things without the direct aid of experts or professionals. Academic research describes DIY as behaviors where "individuals engage raw and semi-raw materials and component parts to produce, transform, or reconstruct material possessions, including those drawn from the natural environment (e.g. landscaping)". DIY behavior can be triggered by various motivations previously categorized as marketplace motivations (economic benefits, lack of product availability, lack of product quality, need for customization), and identity enhancement (craftsmanship, empowerment, community seeking, uniqueness).
The term "do-it-yourself" has been associated with consumers since at least 1912 primarily in the domain of home improvement and maintenance activities. The phrase "do it yourself" had come into common usage (in standard English) by the 1950s, in reference to the emergence of a trend of people undertaking home improvement and various other small craft and construction projects as both a creative-recreational and cost-saving activity.
Subsequently, the term DIY has taken on a broader meaning that covers
a wide range of skill sets. DIY is associated with the international
alternative rock , punk rock , and indie rock music scenes; indymedia
networks, pirate radio stations, and the zine community. In this
context, DIY is related to the
Arts and Crafts movement
Italian archaeologists unearthed the ruins of a 6th-century BC Greek
structure in southern Italy that came with detailed assembly
instructions and is being called an "ancient
See also: Home improvement Shelves attached to a toy vehicle
The DIY movement is a re-introduction (often to urban and suburban dwellers) of the old pattern of personal involvement and use of skills in upkeep of a house or apartment, making clothes; maintenance of cars, computers, websites; or any material aspect of living. The philosopher Alan Watts (from the " Houseboat Summit " panel discussion in a 1967 edition of the San Francisco Oracle ) reflected a growing sentiment:
Our educational system, in its entirety, does nothing to give us any kind of material competence. In other words, we don't learn how to cook, how to make clothes, how to build houses, how to make love, or to do any of the absolutely fundamental things of life. The whole education that we get for our children in school is entirely in terms of abstractions. It trains you to be an insurance salesman or a bureaucrat, or some kind of cerebral character.
In the 1970s, DIY spread through the North American population of college- and recent-college-graduate age groups. In part, this movement involved the renovation of affordable, rundown older homes. But it also related to various projects expressing the social and environmental vision of the 1960s and early 1970s. The young visionary Stewart Brand , working with friends and family, and initially using the most basic of typesetting and page-layout tools, published the first edition of The Whole Earth Catalog (subtitled Access to Tools) in late 1968. Fiberglass dome house, California, in style of the Whole Earth Catalog building techniques
The first Catalog, and its successors, used a broad definition of the term "tools". There were informational tools, such as books (often technical in nature), professional journals, courses, classes, and the like. There were specialized, designed items, such as carpenters ' and masons ' tools, garden tools , welding equipment, chainsaws , fiberglass materials and so on; even early personal computers. The designer J. Baldwin acted as editor to include such items, writing many of the reviews. The Catalog's publication both emerged from and spurred the great wave of experimentalism, convention-breaking, and do-it-yourself attitude of the late 1960s. Often copied, the Catalog appealed to a wide cross-section of people in North America and had a broad influence.
For decades, magazines such as
Popular Mechanics and Mechanix
Illustrated offered a way for readers to keep current on useful
practical skills and techniques. DIY home improvement books began to
flourish in the 1970s, first created as collections of magazine
articles. An early, extensive line of DIY how-to books was created by
Sunset Books , based upon previously published articles from their
magazine, Sunset , based in California.
In the mid-1990s, DIY home-improvement content began to find its way
World Wide Web
In the 1970s, when home video (VCRs ) came along, DIY instructors
quickly grasped its potential for demonstrating processes by
audio-visual means. In 1979, the
Beyond magazines and television, the scope of home improvement DIY
continues to grow online where most mainstream media outlets now have
extensive DIY-focused informational websites such as
This Old House ,
Mennonite farmer's wife dressmaking (1942)
DIY amongst the fashion community is popular. With ideas being shared
on social media such as
The terms "DIY" and "do-it-yourself" are also used to describe: Zines , London
Self-publishing books, zines , and alternative comics
* Bands or solo artists releasing their music on self-funded record
* Trading of mixtapes as part of cassette culture
* Homemade stuffs based on the principles of "
DIY as a subculture could be said to have begun with the punk movement of the 1970s. Instead of traditional means of bands reaching their audiences through large music labels, bands began recording, manufacturing albums and merchandise, booking their own tours, and creating opportunities for smaller bands to get wider recognition and gain cult status through repetitive low-cost DIY touring. The burgeoning zine movement took up coverage of and promotion of the underground punk scenes, and significantly altered the way fans interacted with musicians. Zines quickly branched off from being hand-made music magazines to become more personal; they quickly became one of the youth culture's gateways to DIY culture . This led to tutorial zines showing others how to make their own shirts, posters, zines, books, food, etc.
GROUPS AND PUBLICATIONS
This section IS IN A LIST FORMAT THAT MAY BE BETTER PRESENTED USING PROSE . You can help by converting this section to prose, if appropriate . Editing help is available. (November 2011)
Maker Faire, Detroit, 2011
Publications and websites that focus on DIY and/or crafting content include:
Bazaar Bizarre – an informal craft show and a book with the same
name emphasizing subcultural aesthetics
* Craft – a magazine publication focusing on projects using cheap
Craftster – an online crafting community making use of
traditional crafting techniques
CrimethInc. – an anarchist collective encouraging
* Rendered (formerly Destination DIY) – an Oregon radio show
discussing DIY projects
Hometalk – a social networking site focusing on home improvement
Instructables – a website featuring user-published DIY projects
on a wide range of topics
Wikibooks has a book on the topic of: DO-IT-YOURSELF
Look up DO IT YOURSELF in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to DO IT YOURSELF (DIY) .
* ^ Wolf & McQuitty (2011). Understanding the Do-It-Yourself Consumer: DIY Motivation and Outcomes. Academy of Marketing Science Review * ^ Wolf Sparke, P. (eds.). Interior Design and Identity. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link ) * ^ Newsletter of the Hellenic Society of Archaeometry, N.110, May 2010, p.84 * ^ Ancient Building Came With DIY Instructions, Discovery News, Mon Apr 26, 2010 * ^ Ancient Building Comes with Assembly Instructions, (photos), Discovery News * ^ Watts, Alan et al. "Houseboat Summit" in The San Francisco Oracle, issue #7. San Francisco. * ^ Wall Street Journal, September 2007 * ^ "Project Greenworld International". Hridsmenon.wix.com. Retrieved 2013-10-21. * ^ "DIY guide to screen printing t-shirts for cheap". Retrieved 2007-09-24. Ever wonder where bands get their T-shirts made? Some of them probably go to the local screen printers and pay a bunch of money to have their shirts made up, then they have to turn around and sell them to you for a high price. Others go the smart route, and do it themselves. Here's a quick how-to on the cheap way to going about making T-shirts. * ^ Pearce, Joshua M. 2012. “Building Research Equipment with Free, Open-Source Hardware.” Science 337 (6100): 1303–1304.open access * ^ "Triggs, Teal (2006) Scissors and Glue: Punk Fanzines and the Creation of a DIY Aesthetic, in "Journal of Design History", vo. 19, n. 1, pp. 69-83.". Retrieved 2007-09-24. Yet, it remains within the subculture of punk music where the homemade, A4, stapled and photocopied fanzines of the late 1970s fostered the "do-it-yourself" (DIY) production techniques of cut-n-paste letterforms, photocopied and collaged images, hand-scrawled and typewritten texts, to create a recognizable graphic design a