Düsseldorf Airport (German: Flughafen Düsseldorf; until March 2013 Düsseldorf International Airport; IATA: DUS, ICAO: EDDL) is the international airport of Düsseldorf, the capital of the German state North Rhine-Westphalia. It is located approximately 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) north of downtown Düsseldorf, and some 20 kilometres (12 mi) south-west of Essen in the Rhine-Ruhr area, Germany's largest metropolitan area.

Düsseldorf is the third largest airport in Germany after Frankfurt and Munich[6] handling 24.5 million passengers in 2017. It is a hub for Eurowings and serves as a focus city for several more airlines. The airport features three passenger terminals and two runways and is able to handle wide-body aircraft up to the Airbus A380.[7]



Düsseldorf Airport is the largest and primary airport for the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region – the largest metropolitan region in Germany and among the largest metropolitan areas of the world.[8] The airport is located in Düsseldorf-Lohausen. The largest nearby business centres are Düsseldorf and Essen; other cities within a 20-kilometre (12 mi) radius are Duisburg, Krefeld, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Neuss, and Wuppertal. The airport extends over a compact 6.13 square kilometres (2.37 sq mi) of land – small in comparison to airports of a similar capacity – but also reason for Düsseldorf being known as an airport of short distances. The airport is the workplace for more than 18,200 employees.

With 18.99 million passengers passing through in 2010,[6] the airport was the third busiest in Germany, after Frankfurt Airport and Munich Airport, and was the 23rd busiest airport in Europe. Transfer passengers and those travelling on long-haul flights from the airport accounted for around 13% of all passengers in 2010.[6]


The City of Düsseldorf owns half the airport, with the other half owned by various commercial entitites, including ARI which is itself owned by the Irish Government. Düsseldorf Airport is a public–private partnership with the following owners:

  • 50% city of Düsseldorf
  • 50% Airport Partners GmbH (Ownership of Airport Partners GmbH: 40% AviAlliance GmbH, 40% Aer Rianta International cpt, 20% AviC GmbH & Co. KGaA)


Early years

An Alitalia Caravelle at Düsseldorf Airport in 1973

The first aviation event in the area was the landing of Zeppelin LZ3 on 19 September 1909 about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) south of the present airport. The present airport was opened on 19 April 1927, after two years of construction. Deutsche Luft Hansa opened routes to Berlin, Hamburg, Cologne and Geneva. With the beginning of World War II civil use of the airport ceased in September 1939 with the airfield being used by the military.

After the end of the war the airport reopened for civil use in 1948. With the area being under British administration the first flights were operated by British European Airways to the RAF Northolt.

In 1950, the main runway was extended to 2475 meters. In 1964 planning began for the construction of a new terminal, with capacity for 1.4 million passengers, and in 1969 the main runway was further lengthened to 3000 metres.

In 1973 the new central building and Terminal B were opened and in 1975 the railroad connection between Düsseldorf central station and the airport started its operations. The additional new Terminal A was opened in 1977. In 1986 Terminal C was opened and 8.22 million passengers used the airport – making it number two in Germany.

By 1992, when the second runway was built, 12.3 million passengers were using the airport.

Düsseldorf Airport fire

Reconstruction in progress in 1999 after the Düsseldorf Airport fire

On 11 April 1996, the Düsseldorf Airport fire, which is the worst structural airport fire worldwide to date, broke out. It was caused by welding work on an elevated road in front of Terminal A above its arrivals area. Insufficient structural fire protection allowed the fire and especially the smoke to spread fast, so these destroyed large parts of the passenger areas of the airport.

Seventeen people died, mostly due to smoke inhalation, with many more hospitalised. At the time, the fire was the biggest public disaster in the history of North Rhine-Westphalia. Damage to the airport was estimated to be in the hundreds of millions, Terminals A and B had to be completely reconstructed. While repairs were ongoing, passengers were housed in big tents.

In November 1997, Terminal C was completely redeveloped, with three lightweight construction halls serving as departure areas. Also in 1997 construction began on the new inter-city railway station at the eastern edge of the airport. In 1998 the rebuilt Terminal A was reopened and the airport changed its name from "Rhine Ruhr Airport" to "Düsseldorf International". Reconstruction of the central building and Terminal B began in the same year.

Development since the 2000s

Several LTU Airbus A330-300s at their Düsseldorf base in 2004

The first stage in the "Airport 2000+" programme commenced in 1999 with the laying of a foundation stone for an underground parking garage under the new terminal.

The new Düsseldorf Airport station was opened in May 2000, with the capacity of 300 train departures daily. Sixteen million passengers used the airport that year; Düsseldorf is now the third-biggest airport in Germany. The new departures hall and Terminal B were opened in July 2001 after 2½ years of construction time; the rebuilt Gebäude Ost (East Building) was reopened.

In 2002 the inter-terminal shuttle bus service was replaced by the suspended monorail called the SkyTrain connecting the terminal building with the InterCity train station. The monorail travels the 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) between the terminal and station at a maximum speed of 50 kilometres per hour (31 mph). The system was developed by Siemens and is based on the similar H-Bahn operating with two lines on Dortmund university campus.

On 12 November 2006, the first Airbus A380 landed in Düsseldorf as part of a Lufthansa promotional flight.

In March 2013 the Airport received a new corporate design and dropped the phrase International from its official name.[9]

In January 2015, Emirates announced it will schedule the Airbus A380 on one of their two daily flights from Dubai to Düsseldorf starting in July 2015.[10] In May 2015, the airport finished construction of the new facilities needed to handle the A380, including a parking position with three jet-bridges, widened taxiways and new ground handling equipment.[7]

In June 2015, Lufthansa announced the closure its long-haul base at Düsseldorf Airport for economic reasons by October 2015. The base consisted of two Airbus A340-300s which served Newark and Chicago. Newark remained a year-round service which is operated in a W-pattern from Munich Airport (Munich - Newark - Düsseldorf - Newark - Munich) while the Chicago service was suspended for the winter 2015/2016 season.[11] A few months later, Lufthansa announced the cancellation of the Düsseldorf-Chicago route.[12] The same route has been served by American Airlines during the summer seasons from 2013[13] to 2016, when it was discontinued.[14]

In January 2017, the airport's largest hub operator Air Berlin announced a massive downsizing of its operations due to restructuring measures. While some leisure routes were handed to Niki more than a dozen destinations have been cancelled entirely.[15] In August 2017, Air Berlin further announced to terminate all long-haul routes from Düsseldorf to destinations in the Caribbean on short notice due to the ongoing bankruptcy proceedings.[16] However, both Condor and Eurowings announced to step in and start some of the terminated Caribbean destinations by themselves.[17][18] Shortly after, Air Berlin also announced the termination of all remaining long-haul operations leading to the loss of several connections to the United States at Düsseldorf Airport.[19] On 9 October 2017, Air Berlin announced to terminate all of its own operations, excluding wetleases, by the end of the month[20][21] leading to the loss of one of the airport's largest customers.

In February 2018, Eurowings announced to relocate all long-haul routes currently served from Cologne Bonn Airport to Düsseldorf by late October 2018 to strengthen their presence here.[22]

In March 2018, Lufthansa announced to shut down its base at Düsseldorf Airport after the 2018 summer schedule which ends in October. While the single remaining long-haul route to Newark will be taken over by Eurowings, 400 staff members will be offered a relocation to either Frankfurt Airport or Munich Airport.[2]



The terminal buildings
The main check-in hall

Düsseldorf Airport has three terminals connected by a central spine, even though the terminals are essentially concourses within a single terminal building. The current terminal buildings are capable of handling up to 22 million passengers per year. However, due to an agreement with residents in nearby Ratingen (the so-called Angerlandvergleich), this capacity may not be reached within the next few years, as aircraft movements are restricted.

Terminal A

Terminal A was opened in 1977 and has 16 gates (A01–A16) used by Lufthansa and Germanwings, its airline partners and Star Alliance members, All Nippon Airways, Air China, Austrian Airlines, Croatia Airlines, LOT Polish Airlines, Scandinavian Airlines, TAP Portugal, and Swiss International Air Lines. Terminal A houses two Lufthansa lounges. It was refurbished fundamentally for two years after the 1996 fire. Oneworld carrier Cathay Pacific also uses Terminal A. From 21 July 2016, Singapore Airlines began to use Terminal A.

Terminal B

Terminal B was originally inaugurated in 1973 and has 11 gates (B01–B11) used for domestic and EU-flights by a few Star Alliance members such as Aegean Airlines, but mainly by SkyTeam and Oneworld members like Alitalia, British Airways, KLM, Finnair, Iberia, and Air France. Also located within this terminal are leisure carriers such as TUIfly and Condor. Terminal B houses an observation deck and airline lounges by Air France and British Airways. After the fire in 1996 the whole terminal building was torn down and reconstructed. It was reopened in 2001.

Terminal C

Terminal C was opened in 1986 and has 8 gates (C01–C08) used exclusively for non-Schengen-flights by non-Star Alliance airlines (except Turkish Airlines). These are long-haul flights – among others – by Delta Air Lines, Emirates, Etihad Airways, Mahan Air, and Turkish Airlines. Terminal C has a direct access to Airport City's Maritim Hotel, part of a German hotel chain, and houses lounges from Air Berlin and Emirates. Terminal C was the least affected Terminal after the fire in 1996. It was still reopened in 1996 after intensive maintenance works. Thus it was the only usable Terminal at Düsseldorf Airport for a couple of years. Terminal C features the airport's only parking position equipped with three jet-bridges to handle the Airbus A380.[10]

Executive Terminal

Jet Aviation operates a small terminal solely for private and corporate customers.

Runways and apron

Düsseldorf has two runways, which are 3,000 metres (9,843 ft) and 2,700 metres (8,858 ft) long. There are plans to extend the 3,000-metre (9,843 ft) runway to 3,600 metres (11,811 ft), but the town of Ratingen has been blocking the expansion, as it lies within the approach path of the runway. 107 aircraft parking positions are available on the aprons.

Airport City

Since 2003, an area of 23 hectares (57 acres) south-west of the airport terminal has been under redevelopment as Düsseldorf Airport City with an anticipated gross floor area of 250,000 square metres (2,700,000 sq ft) to be completed by 2016. Already based at Düsseldorf Airport City are corporate offices of Siemens and VDI, a large Porsche centre and showroom, a Maritim Hotel[23] and Congress Centre and a Sheraton Hotel. Messe Düsseldorf is situated in close proximity to Düsseldorf Airport City (some 500 m or 1,600 ft).

Airlines and destinations

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Düsseldorf Airport:[24]

Airlines Destinations
Adria Airways Ljubljana (begins 26 April 2018)[25]
Aegean Airlines Athens, Kalamata, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Heraklion, Rhodes
Aer Lingus Dublin
Seasonal: Cork
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Saint Petersburg
airBaltic Riga
Air Cairo Seasonal: Hurghada
Air China Beijing–Capital
Air Europa Madrid (begins 18 June 2018)[26]
Air France Bordeaux,[27] Nantes, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Malta Malta
Air Serbia Belgrade
Alitalia Milan–Linate, Rome–Fiumicino
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Narita
AtlasGlobal Istanbul–Atatürk
Seasonal charter: Antalya
Austrian Airlines Graz, Linz, Vienna
Azur Air (Germany) Charter: Hurghada, Marsa Alam, Punta Cana
Seasonal charter: Antalya, Enfidha (begins 25 April 2018),[28] Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Varadero
BMI Regional Bristol
British Airways Billund, Friedrichshafen (begins 4 June 2018),[29] London–City, London–Heathrow
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna
Cobalt Air Larnaca (begins 3 May 2018)[30]
Condor Agadir, Cancún, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Jerez de la Frontera, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Punta Cana, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Antalya, Burgas (resumes 10 May 2018),[31] Catania,[31] Chania, Corfu, Djerba (resumes 27 April 2018),[31] Heraklion, Kalamata, Kavala, Kos, La Palma, Lamezia Terme (begins 27 April 2018),[31] Marrakesh, Monastir (resumes 29 April 2018),[31] Mykonos, Olbia (begins 29 April 2018),[31] Palma de Mallorca, Preveza, Rhodes, Samos (begins 1 May 2018),[32] Santorini, Sitia (begins 20 May 2018),[31] Skiathos, Split (begins 29 April 2018),[31] Sylt (begins 27 April 2018),[33] Thessaloniki (begins 27 April 2018),[31] Varna (resumes 22 May 2018),[31] Zakynthos
Seasonal charter: Barbados, La Romana, Montego Bay
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya, Heraklion (begins 5 May 2018),[34] Hurghada
Croatia Airlines Seasonal: Dubrovnik, Split
Czech Airlines Prague
Delta Air Lines Atlanta
easyJet Berlin–Tegel[35]
Electra Airways Charter: Pristina[36]
Emirates Dubai–International
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Eurowings Agadir, Alicante, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Bastia, Berlin–Tegel, Bilbao, Birmingham, Bucharest, Budapest, Cancún (begins 30 April 2018),[37] Catania, Dresden, Dublin, Edinburgh, Faro, Fort Myers (begins 3 May 2018), Fuerteventura, Funchal, Geneva, Glasgow, Gothenburg, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Havana (begins 28 October 2018),[38] Heraklion, Kavala, Kraków, La Palma, Lanzarote, Leipzig/Halle, Lisbon, London–Heathrow, Lyon, Manchester, Marrakesh, Mauritius (begins 28 October 2018),[38] Miami (begins 4 May 2018), Milan–Malpensa, Montego Bay (begins 28 October 2018),[38] Munich, Naples, Newcastle upon Tyne, New York–JFK (begins 28 April 2018),[37] Nice, Nuremberg, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Pristina, Pula,[39] Punta Cana, Rome–Fiumicino, Salzburg, Split, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart,[40] Sylt, Tenerife–South, Thessaloniki, Valencia, Wrocław, Venice, Vienna, Zagreb, Zakynthos, Zürich
Seasonal: Athens, Bari, Brindisi, Cagliari, Cancún, Chania, Corfu,[41] Dubrovnik, Guernsey (begins 5 May 2018),[42] Heringsdorf, Ibiza, Innsbruck,[43] Izmir, Jersey, Kütahya, Lamezia Terme, Las Vegas (ends 27 October 2018),[38] Málaga, Menorca, Montpellier, Mostar (begins 16 May 2018),[44] Newquay, Olbia, Orlando, Puerto Plata, Porto, Rijeka, Rhodes, Reykjavík–Keflávik, Tivat, Varadero,[17] Varna, Zadar
Finnair Helsinki
Flybe Birmingham, Leeds/Bradford,[45] London–City, Manchester, Southampton
Seasonal: Cardiff
Seasonal charter: Hévíz-Balaton (begins 28 April 2018)[46]
FlyEgypt Seasonal charter: Sharm El Sheikh[47]
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya, Ercan, Istanbul–Atatürk, Izmir
Germania Beirut, La Palma, Paphos, Sharm El Sheikh, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Seasonal: Almería, Edremit (begins 12 June 2018),[48] Erbil, Faro (begins 2 May 2018),[48] Funchal (begins 1 May 2018),[48] Gazipaşa, Gran Canaria, Hatay (begins 12 June 2018),[48] Heraklion (begins 2 May 2018),[48] Hurghada (ends 24 April 2018), Karpathos (begins 14 June 2018),[48] Kittilä, Kütahya (begins 8 June 2018),[48] Malatya (resumes 9 June 2018),[48] Mytilene (begins 26 June 2018),[48] Ponta Delgada (begins 4 May 2018), Porto Santo, Rhodes (begins 1 May 2018), Samos (begins 1 May 2018),[48] Sulaimaniyah (resumes 8 April 2018),[48] Zakynthos (begins 3 May 2018),[48] Zonguldak
Charter: Pristina
Hahn Air Luxembourg
Iberia Madrid
Iraqi Airways Baghdad,[49] Erbil (suspended)
KLM Amsterdam
Laudamotion Seasonal: Ibiza (begins 28 April 2018),[50] Málaga (begins 28 April 2018),[50] Palma de Mallorca[50]
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich, Newark
Mahan Air Teheran-Imam Khomeini
Montenegro Airlines Seasonal: Podgorica
Nesma Airlines Charter: Hurghada
Norwegian Air Shuttle Alicante, Barcelona, Gran Canaria, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Málaga
Nouvelair Enfidha, Monastir[51]
Onur Air Istanbul–Atatürk
Seasonal: Antalya
Orange2Fly Charter: Pristina[52]
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir, Kayseri, Samsun (begins 27 June 2018)[53]
Seasonal: Antalya
Royal Air Maroc Seasonal: Nador
Ryanair Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca (begins 1 June 2018)[54]
S7 Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo
Seasonal: Novosibirsk[55]
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Small Planet Airlines (Germany) Charter: Hurghada, Marsa Alam[36]
SunExpress Antalya, Gaziantep, Izmir
Seasonal: Bodrum, Dalaman
SunExpress Deutschland Adana, Ankara, Fuerteventura, Hurghada, Kayseri, Samsun, Trabzon
Seasonal: Burgas, Elazığ (begins 7 May 2018),[56] Heraklion, Konya (begins 20 June 2018),[56] Lanzarote, Marsa Alam, Ordu–Giresun, Sarajevo (begins 19 June 2018),[57] Varna, Venice (begins 22 July 2018)[56]
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
Tailwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
TUI fly Deutschland Antalya, Boa Vista, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Marsa Alam, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Corfu, Dalaman, Faro, Heraklion, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Patras, Rhodes, Sal
Tunisair Djerba, Monastir, Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Adana, Ankara, Kayseri, Samsun, Trabzon
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil
Vueling Barcelona
WOW air Seasonal: Reykjavik-Keflavík


Apron overview
Control tower

Passenger and freight

Passengers Movements Freight (in t)
2000 16.03 million 194,016 59,361
2001 Decrease 15.40 million Decrease 193,514 Decrease 51,441
2002 Decrease 14.75 million Decrease 190,300 Decrease 46,085
2003 Decrease 14.30 million Decrease 186,159 Increase 48,419
2004 Increase 15.26 million Increase 200,584 Increase 86,267
2005 Increase 15.51 million Increase 200,619 Increase 88,058
2006 Increase 16.59 million Increase 215,481 Increase 97,000
2007 Increase 17.83 million Increase 227,899 Decrease 89,281
2008 Increase 18.15 million Increase 228,531 Increase 90,100
2009 Decrease 17.79 million Decrease 214,024 Decrease 76,916
2010 Increase 18.98 million Increase 215,540 Increase 87,995
2011 Increase 20.39 million Increase 221,668 Decrease 81,521
2012 Increase 20.80 million Decrease 210,298 Increase 86,820
2013 Increase 21.23 million Increase 210,828 Increase 110,814
2014 Increase 21.85 million Decrease 210,732 Increase 114,180
2015 Increase 22.48 million Decrease 210,208 Decrease 90,862
2016 Increase 23.52 million Increase 217,575 Increase 93,689
Source: ADV[58], Düsseldorf Airport[59]

Busiest routes

Busiest domestic and international routes
to and from Düsseldorf Airport (2014)
Rank Destination Passengers handled
1 Germany Munich 1,526,964
2 Spain Palma de Mallorca 1,161,993
3 Germany Berlin 1,113,415
4 United Kingdom London 923,346
5 Turkey Antalya 908,497
6 Austria Vienna 791,867
7 Turkey Istanbul 777,310
8 Switzerland Zürich 740,036
9 Germany Hamburg 602,987
10 Russia Moscow 498,877
11 France Paris 478,889
12 United Arab Emirates Dubai 434,439
13 Germany Frankfurt 385,343
14 Denmark Copenhagen 378,848
15 Spain Madrid 376,146
16 Spain Barcelona 359,032
17 Italy Milan 315,752
18 Spain Gran Canaria 311,909
19 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi 297,904
20 Spain Fuerteventura 294,522
Source: Destatis[60]

Largest airlines

Largest airlines by passengers handled
at Düsseldorf Airport (2016)
Rank Airline Passengers handled
1 Germany Air Berlin 7,5m
2 Germany Germanwings/Eurowings 4,9m
3 Germany Lufthansa 1,3m
4 Germany Condor 925,000
5 Turkey SunExpress 785,000
Source: Düsseldorf Airport[61]

Ground transportation

Monorail Sky Train


Düsseldorf Airport is served by two railway stations – one for the suburban railway and one for regional and long-distance trains. The airport's railway station is located 2.5 kilometres from the terminal and is served by all categories of German rail types, including ICE high-speed trains. The airport also has its own S-Bahn station, Düsseldorf Airport Terminal station located below the terminal. It is served by the S11, which has its northern terminus there.

A fully automatic, suspended monorail called SkyTrain connects the long distance station to the parking areas and the passenger terminals and also serves as an inter-terminal connection.


The airport can be reached via its own motorway-section which is part of the motorway A44 (BelgiumKassel, Exit Düsseldorf-Flughafen) which connects to motorways A52, A57 and A3 as well. Additionally, there are several local bus lines connecting the airport with nearby areas and Düsseldorf city center.[62]

Other facilities

  • Düsseldorf Airport had the headquarters of Air Berlin's technical training facilities and also served as one of their maintenance bases.[63]
  • When LTU International existed, its head office was in Halle 8 at Düsseldorf Airport.[64]
  • The corporate head office of Blue Wings was also located in Terminal A at the airport.[65][66]

See also

  • Transport in Germany
  • Weeze Airport, an airport 80 km (50 mi) north-west from Düsseldorf, that is sometimes advertised by low-cost airlines as "Düsseldorf-Weeze" or "Weeze (Düsseldorf)". A German court ruled the naming the airport after Düsseldorf would be misleading to passengers, however some airlines still use that name in advertisements outside Germany.


  1. ^ Flybe Announces Opening of First European Base in Dusseldorf 21 November 2016
  2. ^ a b rp-online.de - "Lufthansa closes base in Düsseldorf" (German) 12 March 2018
  3. ^ [1] 13 January 2018
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  62. ^ "Passengers". dus-com1. Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  63. ^ "airberlin technik – airberlin technical training in Dusseldorf". Airberlin-technik.com. Archived from the original on 2014-01-28. 
  64. ^ "Kontakt." LTU International. Retrieved 21 June 2009. "LTU International Airways Flughafen Düsseldorf, Halle 8 D40474 Düsseldorf"
  65. ^ "Contact." Blue Wings. 12 June 2005. Retrieved 30 December 2012. "Blue Wings AG Duesseldorf Airport Terminal A 5. OG 40474 Duesseldorf, Germany"
  66. ^ "Welcome to Blue Wings." Blue Wings. 27 March 2009. Retrieved on 30 December 2012. "Blue Wings AG . Düsseldorf Airport . Terminal A . D-40474 Düsseldorf . Germany"

External links

Media related to Düsseldorf Airport at Wikimedia Commons