Düsseldorf Airport (German: Flughafen Düsseldorf; until March 2013 Düsseldorf International Airport; IATA: DUS, ICAO: EDDL) is the international airport of Düsseldorf, the capital of the German state North Rhine-Westphalia. It is located approximately 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) north of downtown Düsseldorf, and some 20 kilometres (12 mi) south-west of Essen in the Rhine-Ruhr area, Germany's largest metropolitan area.
Düsseldorf is the third largest airport in Germany after Frankfurt and Munich handling 24.5 million passengers in 2017. It is a hub for Eurowings and serves as a focus city for several more airlines. The airport features three passenger terminals and two runways and is able to handle wide-body aircraft up to the Airbus A380.
Düsseldorf Airport is the largest and primary airport for the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region – the largest metropolitan region in Germany and among the largest metropolitan areas of the world. The airport is located in Düsseldorf-Lohausen. The largest nearby business centres are Düsseldorf and Essen; other cities within a 20-kilometre (12 mi) radius are Duisburg, Krefeld, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Neuss, and Wuppertal. The airport extends over a compact 6.13 square kilometres (2.37 sq mi) of land – small in comparison to airports of a similar capacity – but also reason for Düsseldorf being known as an airport of short distances. The airport is the workplace for more than 18,200 employees.
With 18.99 million passengers passing through in 2010, the airport was the third busiest in Germany, after Frankfurt Airport and Munich Airport, and was the 23rd busiest airport in Europe. Transfer passengers and those travelling on long-haul flights from the airport accounted for around 13% of all passengers in 2010.
The City of Düsseldorf owns half the airport, with the other half owned by various commercial entitites, including ARI which is itself owned by the Irish Government. Düsseldorf Airport is a public–private partnership with the following owners:
The first aviation event in the area was the landing of Zeppelin LZ3 on 19 September 1909 about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) south of the present airport. The present airport was opened on 19 April 1927, after two years of construction. Deutsche Luft Hansa opened routes to Berlin, Hamburg, Cologne and Geneva. With the beginning of World War II civil use of the airport ceased in September 1939 with the airfield being used by the military.
In 1950, the main runway was extended to 2475 meters. In 1964 planning began for the construction of a new terminal, with capacity for 1.4 million passengers, and in 1969 the main runway was further lengthened to 3000 metres.
In 1973 the new central building and Terminal B were opened and in 1975 the railroad connection between Düsseldorf central station and the airport started its operations. The additional new Terminal A was opened in 1977. In 1986 Terminal C was opened and 8.22 million passengers used the airport – making it number two in Germany.
By 1992, when the second runway was built, 12.3 million passengers were using the airport.
On 11 April 1996, the Düsseldorf Airport fire, which is the worst structural airport fire worldwide to date, broke out. It was caused by welding work on an elevated road in front of Terminal A above its arrivals area. Insufficient structural fire protection allowed the fire and especially the smoke to spread fast, so these destroyed large parts of the passenger areas of the airport.
Seventeen people died, mostly due to smoke inhalation, with many more hospitalised. At the time, the fire was the biggest public disaster in the history of North Rhine-Westphalia. Damage to the airport was estimated to be in the hundreds of millions, Terminals A and B had to be completely reconstructed. While repairs were ongoing, passengers were housed in big tents.
In November 1997, Terminal C was completely redeveloped, with three lightweight construction halls serving as departure areas. Also in 1997 construction began on the new inter-city railway station at the eastern edge of the airport. In 1998 the rebuilt Terminal A was reopened and the airport changed its name from "Rhine Ruhr Airport" to "Düsseldorf International". Reconstruction of the central building and Terminal B began in the same year.
The first stage in the "Airport 2000+" programme commenced in 1999 with the laying of a foundation stone for an underground parking garage under the new terminal.
The new Düsseldorf Airport station was opened in May 2000, with the capacity of 300 train departures daily. Sixteen million passengers used the airport that year; Düsseldorf is now the third-biggest airport in Germany. The new departures hall and Terminal B were opened in July 2001 after 2½ years of construction time; the rebuilt Gebäude Ost (East Building) was reopened.
In 2002 the inter-terminal shuttle bus service was replaced by the suspended monorail called the SkyTrain connecting the terminal building with the InterCity train station. The monorail travels the 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) between the terminal and station at a maximum speed of 50 kilometres per hour (31 mph). The system was developed by Siemens and is based on the similar H-Bahn operating with two lines on Dortmund university campus.
In March 2013 the Airport received a new corporate design and dropped the phrase International from its official name.
In January 2015, Emirates announced it will schedule the Airbus A380 on one of their two daily flights from Dubai to Düsseldorf starting in July 2015. In May 2015, the airport finished construction of the new facilities needed to handle the A380, including a parking position with three jet-bridges, widened taxiways and new ground handling equipment.
In June 2015, Lufthansa announced the closure its long-haul base at Düsseldorf Airport for economic reasons by October 2015. The base consisted of two Airbus A340-300s which served Newark and Chicago. Newark remained a year-round service which is operated in a W-pattern from Munich Airport (Munich - Newark - Düsseldorf - Newark - Munich) while the Chicago service was suspended for the winter 2015/2016 season. A few months later, Lufthansa announced the cancellation of the Düsseldorf-Chicago route. The same route has been served by American Airlines during the summer seasons from 2013 to 2016, when it was discontinued.
In January 2017, the airport's largest hub operator Air Berlin announced a massive downsizing of its operations due to restructuring measures. While some leisure routes were handed to Niki more than a dozen destinations have been cancelled entirely. In August 2017, Air Berlin further announced to terminate all long-haul routes from Düsseldorf to destinations in the Caribbean on short notice due to the ongoing bankruptcy proceedings. However, both Condor and Eurowings announced to step in and start some of the terminated Caribbean destinations by themselves. Shortly after, Air Berlin also announced the termination of all remaining long-haul operations leading to the loss of several connections to the United States at Düsseldorf Airport. On 9 October 2017, Air Berlin announced to terminate all of its own operations, excluding wetleases, by the end of the month leading to the loss of one of the airport's largest customers.
In March 2018, Lufthansa announced to shut down its base at Düsseldorf Airport after the 2018 summer schedule which ends in October. While the single remaining long-haul route to Newark will be taken over by Eurowings, 400 staff members will be offered a relocation to either Frankfurt Airport or Munich Airport.
Düsseldorf Airport has three terminals connected by a central spine, even though the terminals are essentially concourses within a single terminal building. The current terminal buildings are capable of handling up to 22 million passengers per year. However, due to an agreement with residents in nearby Ratingen (the so-called Angerlandvergleich), this capacity may not be reached within the next few years, as aircraft movements are restricted.
Terminal A was opened in 1977 and has 16 gates (A01–A16) used by Lufthansa and Germanwings, its airline partners and Star Alliance members, All Nippon Airways, Air China, Austrian Airlines, Croatia Airlines, LOT Polish Airlines, Scandinavian Airlines, TAP Portugal, and Swiss International Air Lines. Terminal A houses two Lufthansa lounges. It was refurbished fundamentally for two years after the 1996 fire. Oneworld carrier Cathay Pacific also uses Terminal A. From 21 July 2016, Singapore Airlines began to use Terminal A.
Terminal B was originally inaugurated in 1973 and has 11 gates (B01–B11) used for domestic and EU-flights by a few Star Alliance members such as Aegean Airlines, but mainly by SkyTeam and Oneworld members like Alitalia, British Airways, KLM, Finnair, Iberia, and Air France. Also located within this terminal are leisure carriers such as TUIfly and Condor. Terminal B houses an observation deck and airline lounges by Air France and British Airways. After the fire in 1996 the whole terminal building was torn down and reconstructed. It was reopened in 2001.
Terminal C was opened in 1986 and has 8 gates (C01–C08) used exclusively for non-Schengen-flights by non-Star Alliance airlines (except Turkish Airlines). These are long-haul flights – among others – by Delta Air Lines, Emirates, Etihad Airways, Mahan Air, and Turkish Airlines. Terminal C has a direct access to Airport City's Maritim Hotel, part of a German hotel chain, and houses lounges from Air Berlin and Emirates. Terminal C was the least affected Terminal after the fire in 1996. It was still reopened in 1996 after intensive maintenance works. Thus it was the only usable Terminal at Düsseldorf Airport for a couple of years. Terminal C features the airport's only parking position equipped with three jet-bridges to handle the Airbus A380.
Jet Aviation operates a small terminal solely for private and corporate customers.
Düsseldorf has two runways, which are 3,000 metres (9,843 ft) and 2,700 metres (8,858 ft) long. There are plans to extend the 3,000-metre (9,843 ft) runway to 3,600 metres (11,811 ft), but the town of Ratingen has been blocking the expansion, as it lies within the approach path of the runway. 107 aircraft parking positions are available on the aprons.
Since 2003, an area of 23 hectares (57 acres) south-west of the airport terminal has been under redevelopment as Düsseldorf Airport City with an anticipated gross floor area of 250,000 square metres (2,700,000 sq ft) to be completed by 2016. Already based at Düsseldorf Airport City are corporate offices of Siemens and VDI, a large Porsche centre and showroom, a Maritim Hotel and Congress Centre and a Sheraton Hotel. Messe Düsseldorf is situated in close proximity to Düsseldorf Airport City (some 500 m or 1,600 ft).
The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Düsseldorf Airport:
|Adria Airways||Ljubljana (begins 26 April 2018)|
|Aegean Airlines||Athens, Kalamata, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Heraklion, Rhodes
|Aeroflot||Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Saint Petersburg|
|Air Cairo||Seasonal: Hurghada|
|Air Europa||Madrid (begins 18 June 2018)|
|Air France||Bordeaux, Nantes, Paris–Charles de Gaulle|
|All Nippon Airways||Tokyo–Narita|
Seasonal charter: Antalya
|Austrian Airlines||Graz, Linz, Vienna|
|Azur Air (Germany)||Charter: Hurghada, Marsa Alam, Punta Cana
Seasonal charter: Antalya, Enfidha (begins 25 April 2018), Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Varadero
|British Airways||Billund, Friedrichshafen (begins 4 June 2018), London–City, London–Heathrow|
|Bulgarian Air Charter||Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna|
|Cobalt Air||Larnaca (begins 3 May 2018)|
|Condor||Agadir, Cancún, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Jerez de la Frontera, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Punta Cana, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Antalya, Burgas (resumes 10 May 2018), Catania, Chania, Corfu, Djerba (resumes 27 April 2018), Heraklion, Kalamata, Kavala, Kos, La Palma, Lamezia Terme (begins 27 April 2018), Marrakesh, Monastir (resumes 29 April 2018), Mykonos, Olbia (begins 29 April 2018), Palma de Mallorca, Preveza, Rhodes, Samos (begins 1 May 2018), Santorini, Sitia (begins 20 May 2018), Skiathos, Split (begins 29 April 2018), Sylt (begins 27 April 2018), Thessaloniki (begins 27 April 2018), Varna (resumes 22 May 2018), Zakynthos
Seasonal charter: Barbados, La Romana, Montego Bay
|Corendon Airlines||Seasonal: Antalya, Heraklion (begins 5 May 2018), Hurghada|
|Croatia Airlines||Seasonal: Dubrovnik, Split|
|Delta Air Lines||Atlanta|
|Electra Airways||Charter: Pristina|
|Etihad Airways||Abu Dhabi|
|Eurowings||Agadir, Alicante, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Bastia, Berlin–Tegel, Bilbao, Birmingham, Bucharest, Budapest, Cancún (begins 30 April 2018), Catania, Dresden, Dublin, Edinburgh, Faro, Fort Myers (begins 3 May 2018), Fuerteventura, Funchal, Geneva, Glasgow, Gothenburg, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Havana (begins 28 October 2018), Heraklion, Kavala, Kraków, La Palma, Lanzarote, Leipzig/Halle, Lisbon, London–Heathrow, Lyon, Manchester, Marrakesh, Mauritius (begins 28 October 2018), Miami (begins 4 May 2018), Milan–Malpensa, Montego Bay (begins 28 October 2018), Munich, Naples, Newcastle upon Tyne, New York–JFK (begins 28 April 2018), Nice, Nuremberg, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Pristina, Pula, Punta Cana, Rome–Fiumicino, Salzburg, Split, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Sylt, Tenerife–South, Thessaloniki, Valencia, Wrocław, Venice, Vienna, Zagreb, Zakynthos, Zürich
Seasonal: Athens, Bari, Brindisi, Cagliari, Cancún, Chania, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Guernsey (begins 5 May 2018), Heringsdorf, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Izmir, Jersey, Kütahya, Lamezia Terme, Las Vegas (ends 27 October 2018), Málaga, Menorca, Montpellier, Mostar (begins 16 May 2018), Newquay, Olbia, Orlando, Puerto Plata, Porto, Rijeka, Rhodes, Reykjavík–Keflávik, Tivat, Varadero, Varna, Zadar
|Flybe||Birmingham, Leeds/Bradford, London–City, Manchester, Southampton
Seasonal charter: Hévíz-Balaton (begins 28 April 2018)
|FlyEgypt||Seasonal charter: Sharm El Sheikh|
|Freebird Airlines||Seasonal charter: Antalya, Ercan, Istanbul–Atatürk, Izmir|
|Germania||Beirut, La Palma, Paphos, Sharm El Sheikh, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Seasonal: Almería, Edremit (begins 12 June 2018), Erbil, Faro (begins 2 May 2018), Funchal (begins 1 May 2018), Gazipaşa, Gran Canaria, Hatay (begins 12 June 2018), Heraklion (begins 2 May 2018), Hurghada (ends 24 April 2018), Karpathos (begins 14 June 2018), Kittilä, Kütahya (begins 8 June 2018), Malatya (resumes 9 June 2018), Mytilene (begins 26 June 2018), Ponta Delgada (begins 4 May 2018), Porto Santo, Rhodes (begins 1 May 2018), Samos (begins 1 May 2018), Sulaimaniyah (resumes 8 April 2018), Zakynthos (begins 3 May 2018), Zonguldak
|Iraqi Airways||Baghdad, Erbil (suspended)|
|Laudamotion||Seasonal: Ibiza (begins 28 April 2018), Málaga (begins 28 April 2018), Palma de Mallorca|
|LOT Polish Airlines||Warsaw–Chopin|
|Lufthansa||Frankfurt, Munich, Newark|
|Mahan Air||Teheran-Imam Khomeini|
|Montenegro Airlines||Seasonal: Podgorica|
|Nesma Airlines||Charter: Hurghada|
|Norwegian Air Shuttle||Alicante, Barcelona, Gran Canaria, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife–South
|Pegasus Airlines||Ankara, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir, Kayseri, Samsun (begins 27 June 2018)
|Royal Air Maroc||Seasonal: Nador|
|Ryanair||Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca (begins 1 June 2018)|
|Scandinavian Airlines||Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda|
|Small Planet Airlines (Germany)||Charter: Hurghada, Marsa Alam|
|SunExpress||Antalya, Gaziantep, Izmir
Seasonal: Bodrum, Dalaman
|SunExpress Deutschland||Adana, Ankara, Fuerteventura, Hurghada, Kayseri, Samsun, Trabzon
Seasonal: Burgas, Elazığ (begins 7 May 2018), Heraklion, Konya (begins 20 June 2018), Lanzarote, Marsa Alam, Ordu–Giresun, Sarajevo (begins 19 June 2018), Varna, Venice (begins 22 July 2018)
|Swiss International Air Lines||Zürich|
|Tailwind Airlines||Seasonal charter: Antalya|
|TAP Air Portugal||Lisbon|
|TUI fly Deutschland||Antalya, Boa Vista, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Marsa Alam, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Corfu, Dalaman, Faro, Heraklion, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Patras, Rhodes, Sal
|Tunisair||Djerba, Monastir, Tunis|
|Turkish Airlines||Istanbul–Atatürk, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Adana, Ankara, Kayseri, Samsun, Trabzon
|Ukraine International Airlines||Kiev–Boryspil|
|WOW air||Seasonal: Reykjavik-Keflavík|
|Passengers||Movements||Freight (in t)|
|Source: ADV, Düsseldorf Airport|
|2||Palma de Mallorca||1,161,993|
|Source: Düsseldorf Airport|
Düsseldorf Airport is served by two railway stations – one for the suburban railway and one for regional and long-distance trains. The airport's railway station is located 2.5 kilometres from the terminal and is served by all categories of German rail types, including ICE high-speed trains. The airport also has its own S-Bahn station, Düsseldorf Airport Terminal station located below the terminal. It is served by the S11, which has its northern terminus there.
The airport can be reached via its own motorway-section which is part of the motorway A44 (Belgium – Kassel, Exit Düsseldorf-Flughafen) which connects to motorways A52, A57 and A3 as well. Additionally, there are several local bus lines connecting the airport with nearby areas and Düsseldorf city center.
Media related to Düsseldorf Airport at Wikimedia Commons